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1. The cellular location where protein synthesis occurs:


Ribosomes
Golgi complex
Nucleus
Mitochondria
Lysosome
2. Which of these is not one of the six kingdoms of life?
Archaea
Fungi
Virus
Protist
3. The sum of all chemical reactions that occur in an organism:
Homeostasis
Metabolism
Stimulus
Mitosis and Meiosis
Reproduction
4. Which of these is a product of cellular (aerobic) respiration?
Glucose
Oxygen
Adenosine triphosphate
Deoxyribonucleic acid
5. What is the major component of biological membranes?
Proteins
Nucleic acids
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Water
6. Which type of cellular transport must always move particles out of a cell?
Osmosis
Exocytosis
Active transport
Diffusion
Metabolism
7. Which of these is NOT a reactant in photosynthesis?
Sunlight
Carbon dioxide
Glucose
Water
8. Which is the longest phase of the eukaryotic cell cycle?
Mitosis
Binary Fission
Interphase
Meiosis
9. In a controlled experiment, what factor changes from group to group?
The hypothesis

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The variable
The constants
The conclusion
10. A pea plant has genetic instructions to be tall and short, but only expresses the tall
phenotype. This plant can be described as:
homozygous
hybrid
true-breeding
self-pollinating
cross-pollinating
11. The genetic code that is passed down from one generation to the next is "hidden"
within:
Proteins
Amino acid sequences
CHNOPS
nucleotides
12. Which of these is NOT one of the major macromolecules that form all organisms?
Lipids
Minerals
Carbohydrates
Adenosine triphosphate
Proteins
13. Which of these is not one of the major problems plaguing our environment?
Pollution
Loss of biodiveristy
Overpopulation
Resource depletion
14. In a eukaryotic cell, which of these would NOT be found in the cytoplasm?
ATP
DNA
Enzymes
Amino acids
tRNA
15. Which of these is not one of the most common elements in biological molecules?
Phosphorus
Sulfur
Sodium
Hydrogen
16. DNA is our genetic material. Which scientist discovered that it was a long, twisting
helix?
Watson & Crick
Avery
Franklin
Chargaff
Mendel
17. Which type of cell lacks a membrane surrounding its genetic material?

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B.
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Bacteria
Plant
Animal
Eukaryotic
Fungus
18.
During mitosis, the DNA in a cell is found as:
A.
chromatin
B.
spindle fibers
C.
chromosomes
D.
Punnett squares
19. The first person to see (and name) cells observed the walls of cork cells. Who was
he?
A.
Leeuwenhoek
B.
Fleming
C.
Hooke
D.
Schleidon
E.
Virchow
20.
Heterotrophs depend on autotrophs. Why?
A. Autotrophs reproduce and make heterotrophs.
B. Autotrophs keep the heterotroph populations from growing too large.
C. Autotrophs decompose dead organisms so the nutrients can be recycled.
D. Autotrophs capture sunlight and store it in carbohydrates.