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Cathodic

Protection
System

Cathodic Protection System

PRIME CORPORATION
HEAD OFFICE : 3floor, BM Bldg, 411-16, Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu,
Seoul, Korea.
TEL : 82-2-783-2677 / FAX : 82-2-783-2679
FACTORY : 392-12, Botong-ri, Nam-myeon, Yeongi-gun
Chungcheongnam-do, Korea.
TEL : 82-41-868-8477 / FAX : 82-41-868-8478

PRIME CORPORATION

PRIME CORPORATION

HISTORY

Prime Corporation was founded in 1998. Through constant self-initiated technical

HISTORY

domestically. We are trying to become a leader in the field of design, supervision, manufacturing and

1998
1998
1998

06
07
09

25
08
12

construction of cathodic protection. We are supplying cathodic protection skill and facility for nuclear and

1998

09

14

Incheon Factory installation


Juan Industrial Complex 5, 1385-15, Juan-Dong, Nam-Ku, Inchon, Korea

thermal power plant, desalination facility, port facility, petro-chemical facility, water supply system, oil

1999

04

02

Obtained Trade Licence No. 199903946, Korea Foreign Trade Association

1999

05

04

Registration toKorea Heavy Industries & Construction Co. Ltd.


as a qualified vendor of cathodic protection

1999

05

10

Registration toKorea Electric Power Corp.as a qualified vendor of


cathodic Protection (KEPCO)

1999

12

07

Registration toSmall & Medium Industry Promotion Corp.


as a qualified Promising Venture Company(SMIPC)

2000
2001

11
01

13
15

Increase of Capital to Won 500,000,000.

2001

05

17

Renewal of registration to Korea hydro & Nuclear Power Co.,Ltd as a qualified vendor
of cathodic protection

2001

09

25

Obtained ISO 9001 Certification

2002

06

29

Registration to Korea Water Resources Corporation as a qualified vendor of


cathodic protection

2002

08

01

Renewal of Registration to Korea East-West Power, Korea South-East Power,


Korea Southern Power, Korea Midland Power Co.,Ltd.

2002
2002

09
11

05
23

Renewal of Registration to Korea Western Power Co.,Ltd.

2005
2006
2007
2007

08
11
02
12

08
06
01
21

Moved factory to 392-12 Botong-ri, Nam-myeon, Yeongi-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, Korea

storage tank etc. Our company will continue our effort for satisfying needs of our customers based on our
high level technology and sense of responsibility.

H.K.PARK / PRESIDENT

CONTENTS
History
Overseas Experience List
Corrosion
Cathodic Protection
Sacrificial Anode System

3
3
4
5
6

Magnesium Anode
Aluminium Anode
Zinc Anode
Pure lron Anode
Pencil Anode(Mg-Anode)

Impressed Current System

13

17

Cathodic Protection Rectifier


Manual Rectifier
Automatic Rectifier

Remote Controlled Rectifier


and Test box

18

Need for Remote Monitoring System


Remote Monitoring Rectifier
Remote Monitoring Test box
System Composition

Accessories

Obtained license for contracts of Electric Works

Renamed as Prime Corporation

Moved factory to 681-5 Kyungseo-Dong, Seo-gu, Incheon, Korea.


Open Dubai office
Moved head office to 1321-5 Seocho-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea
Moved head office to 411-16 Dogok-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea

OVERSEAS EXPERIENCE LIST

High Silicon Cast lron Anode


Pb-Ag Anode
Pt-Ti & Pt-Nb Anode
MM0(Mixed Metal Oxide) Anode

Cathodic Protection Rectifier

Established Jeil Corrosion Engineering Co. Ltd


Obtained Register NO.11536332, Korea International Trade Association

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

development it succeeded in registering as a venture firm in cathodic protection field for the first time

1. Benghazi North Combined Cycle Power Plant (Libya)


2. Glow 115MW CFB3 Project (Thailand)
3. Zhenhal/Zhujiang/Jinling Combined Cycle Power Plant
(China)
4. Nippon Paper Ishinomaki & Iwanuma (Japan)
5. Nueva Ventanas Thermal Electric Power Plant (Chile)
6. Jebel ALI Power And Desalination Station M (UAE)
7. Ambatovy Power Plant (Madagascar S.A)
8. Meghanghat 450MM CCPP (Bangladesh)
9. Ilijan CCPP (Philippines)
10. Barka ll IWPP Project (Oman)
11. Sabiya Ph3 Distillation Project (Kuwait)
12. Shuaibah #1~12 Desalination Plant (Saudi Arabia)

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PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

CATHODIC PROTECTION

WHAT IS CORROSION ?

WHAT IS CATHODIC PROTECTION ?

When a metal corrodes in contact with an electrolyte (soil, water), neutral atoms pass into Solution by forming
positively charged ions. Excess electrons are left in the metal.
The process is indicated for iron as followings ; Fe Fe++ + 2e-.
Thus corrosion is accompanied by the flow of an electric current from vital to electrolyte due to the movement of
positive ions into the electrolyte and of electrons into the metal. Any area at which current flows in this direction is
referred to as anodic area, and the reaction is called an anodic reaction. The metallic ions may react with
negative ions in the electrolyte to give insoluble corrosion products (for example, rust in the case of steel :
Fe(OH), Fe(OH)

Cathodic protection is a method wherein an electric current sufficient to stifle a Corrosion current is continuously
supplied from the opposite direction. This suppressing current is termed aProtective Current.There are three
methods for supplying current.

METHODS OF CATHODIC PROTECTION


1. Sacrificial Anode Sysystem

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

CORROSION

Economical Loss
Environmental
Pollution
Satety Problem
2. Impressed Current System

ANODIC AND CATHODIC REATION


Anodic Area
MMn+ + ne-

Cathodic Area
Mn+ + ne- M
O2 + 4H+ + 4e- 2H2O
2H+ + 2e- H2

3. Drainage System

CONDITION OF CORROSION
Conditions where corrosion can occur :
Presence of anodic area and cathodic area on metal surface
Electric path between anodic area and cathodic area
Presence of electrolyte which may cause ionic reaction

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

MAGNESIUM ANODE

MAGNESIUM ANODE

General

Product Properties

Weight(Lb/Kg)
Bare

Dimension(Inch/mm)

PKGD

Open Circuit
Potential(V)
(Cu/Cuso4)

Effective
Capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Current
Efficiency
(%)

Specific
Gravity

High Potential

-1.65 Max.

1,100 Min.

50 Min.

1.80

PRH-1

-1.50 Max.

1,105 Min.

50 Min.

1.80

Chemical Composition

Nominal Dimension And Weight


Type

Type

Element

High Potential

PRH-1

Al

0.01% Max.

5.3 ~ 6.7%

Zn

2.5 ~ 3.5%

9D2

9(4.08)

35(15.87)

2-3/4(70)

3(76)

21-2/3(560)

6(152.4)

31(787.4)

Mn

0.5 ~ 1.3%

0.15 ~ 0.70%

9D3

9(4.08)

27(12.24)

3-1/2(88.9)

3-3/4(95.2)

14-1/8(358.8)

6(152.4)

17(431.8)

Si

0.05% Max.

0.1% Max.

14D2

14(6.35)

50(22.68)

2-3/4(70)

3(76)

33-1/2(850.9)

6(152.4)

46(1168.4)

Cu

0.02% Max.

0.02% Max.

17D2

17(7.71)

60(27.21)

2-3/4(69.8)

2-3/4(69.8)

50(1270)

6(152.4)

55(1397)

Ni

0.001% Max.

0.002% Max.

17D3

17(7.71)

45(20.41)

3-1/2(88.9)

3-3/4(95.2)

25-7/8(657.2)

6-1/2(165.1)

29(736.6)

Fe

0.03% Max.

0.003% Max.

32D3

32(14.51)

91(41.27)

3-1/2(88.9)

3-3/4(95.2)

45-1/4(1149)

6-1/2(165.1)

53(1346.2)

Other Metal Impurities

0.05% Max.

32D5

32(14.51)

74(33.56)

5-1/2(139.7)

5-3/4(146)

20-5/8(523.9)

8(203.2)

28(711.2)

Total of Impurities

0.3% Max.

0.3% Max.

Mg

Remainder

Remainder

The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

Magnesium anode is the most widely used metal in sacrificial anodes for underground structures and certain
aqueous environments. Mg anode has the highest driving potential of sacrificial anodes. It is used for most direct
Underground applications and in higher resistivity, aqueous electrolytes.

Application
- Underground Pinping, Underground Tank, Tank Bottom, etc.

Installation

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

ALUMINIUM ANODE

ALUMINIUM ANODE

General

Chemical Composition
Chemical Composition (%)
Zn

2 ~ 15

In

0.004 ~ 0.02

Sn

0.05 ~ 0.15

Mg

0.5 ~ 5.5

Al

Remainder

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

Aluminium anode makes it an attractive sacrificial anode material, especially in low resistivity applications such
as seawater and produced brines. Aluminium anode has lower driving potential than Mg anode and high current
capacity than Zn anode, and these are important point for its use in long life saline system.

Nominal Dimension And Weight


Nom.Dimension
(B1+B2)DL(m/m)

Type

Life
(year)

HA1

10

(150+170)145335

23.8

HA2

10

(135+170)130585

34.8

HA3

10

(125+160)125875

47.8

HA4

10

(115+155)1201,195

59.0

HA5

10

(120+155)1101,555

71.3

HB1

20

(200+235)230300

45.4

HB2

20

(190+225)205510

64.4

HB3

20

(180+220)190765

85.4

HB4

20

(170+200)1901,035

106.3

HB5

20

(165+195)1801,340

126.5

The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

Nom.Weight
Gross(kg)

Remark

Product Properties
Open Circuit
Potential(V)
(Cu/CuSO4)

Theoretical
Current
capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Effective
Capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Current
Efficiency
(%)

Consumption
rate
(Kg/A.Yr)

Specific
Gravity

- 1.10 Max.

2,890 Min.

2,600 Min.

90 Min.

3.37

2.7

Application
- Steel Pile, Ship Ballast Tank, Pier, Barges, Dock, etc.

Installation

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

ZINC ANODE

PURE IRON ANODE

General

General

Zinc anode has been used widely for decades both for marine and soil applications. Zinc anodes are usually
applied in low resistivity soils below 1,000 ohm-cm and in seawater or produce brines. Zinc is excellent for use as
electrical grounds and special 99.99% pure Zinc is used as permanent Reference electrode.

Pure iron anode is an anode which contains very low carbon than ordinary metal and it is frequently used for cu
based alloy protection of heat exchanger and desalination plants. In particular it is a very useful anode for
protection of Cu alloy tube from stress corrosion.

Nominal Dimension And Weight

Nominal Dimension And Weight

Type

Dimension(mm)

Weight(Kg)

PSA-ZN-1

20100200

PSA-ZN-2

Remark

Type

Dimension(mm)

Weight(Kg)

2.4

PSA-FE-1

40025040

31

30100200

3.5

PSA-FE-2

30020040

18

PSA-ZN-3

20150300

5.8

PSA-ZN-4

25150300

7.2

PSA-ZN-5

30150300

8.4

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

Remark

The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

Chemical Composition
Chemical Composition(%)

Chemical Composition
Chemical Composition(%)
Al

0.1 ~ 0.5

Cd

0.05 ~ 0.3

Zn

Remainder

Product Properties

0.007 Max.

Mn

0.040 Max.

0.005 Max.

0.003 Max.

Sn

0.005 Max.

Fe

Remainder

Product Properties

Open Circuit
Potential(V)
(Cu/CuSO4)

Theoretical
Current
capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Effective
Capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Current
Efficiency
(%)

Consumption
rate
(Kg/A.Yr)

Specific
Gravity

Open Circuit
Potential(V)
(Cu/CuSO4)

Theoretical
Current
capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Effective
Capacity
(A.Hr/Kg)

Current
Efficiency
(%)

Consumption
rate
(Kg/A.Yr)

Specific
Gravity

-1.10 Max.

820 Min.

780 Min.

95 Min.

11.23

7.1

-0.67 Max.

960 Min.

860 Min.

90 Min.

10.186

7.87

Application
- Desalination Plant, Steel Pile, Ballast Tank, Pier, Barges, Heat Exchanger, Condenser, Grounding cell, etc.

Application
- Desalination Plant (Evaporator, Brine Heater), Condenser, Heat Exchanger, etc.

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

10

11

IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM

PENCIL ANODE (Mg-ANODE)

HIGH SILICON CAST IRON ANODE

General

General

Pencil anode is Mg anode being used at inside of small boiler and condenser as well as heat exchanger and it is
simple to handle and install.

H.S.C.I anode have been sucefully in the cathodic protection industry for decades. The H.S.C.I anodes with
chromium alloy have been used extensively in many countries and conforms to ASTM A 518 Grade 3. H.S.C.I
anodes have been used with coke breeze to surround them completely.

Nominal Dimension And Weight


Chemical Composition

Type

Element

High Potential

Al

0.01% Max.

Zn

Nominal
Dimension(Inch)

Nominal
Weight
(Lb)

Nominal Area
Sq.ft

M2

0.22

0.02

0.40

0.04

60

12

1.4

0.13

PHK

1-

60

26

2.0

0.19

0.02% Max.

PHA

60

44

2.6

0.246

Ni

0.001% Max.

PHR

60

110

4.0

0.37

Fe

0.03% Max.

Other Metal Impurities

0.05% Max.

Total of Impurities

0.3% Max.

Mg

Remainder

Diameter

Length

PFW

1-

PG2

Mn

0.5 ~ 1.3%

PB1

Si

0.05% Max.

Cu

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

SACRIFICIAL ANODE SYSTEM

Chemical Composition of Anode & Backfill Material


H.S.C.I Anode
ASTM A518 Grade3

Size of Pencil Anodes


Type

Diameter
(Inch)

PSA-PE-1

0.340

9.5

12

17

21

26

PSA-PE-2

1.05

22.5

27

28.5

34

42

1.315

13

19

24

28

66

72

73

85

97

Length(Inch)
29

29

33

31

35

35

42

37

44

43

48

49

50

55

54

Backfill Material
(Coke Breeze)

Si

14.20 ~ 14.75%

Carbon

99.35% Min.

Cr

3.25 ~ 5.00%

Ash

0.6% Max.

0.70 ~ 1.10%

Moisture

0.05% Max.

Mn

1.50% Max.

Volatiles

0% (950C)

Cu

0.50% Max.

Mo

0.20% Max.

Fe

Remainder

61

PSA-PE-3
The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

Application
- Boiler, Heat Exchanger, Condenser, etc.

Application
- Underground Piping, Underground Tank, Tank Bottom, Water Tank Inside, etc.
PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

12

13

IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM

Pb-Ag ANODE

PLATINUM ANODE (Pt-Ti & Pt-Nb)

General

General

It is anode produced by adding silver (Ag) and Antimony (Sb) to lead, (Pb) the main material and is used for
condensers and heat exchanger of power plant and it is anode suitable to seawater of low resistivity.

It is anode which is used by plating of platinum (Pt) to titanium (Ti) or Niobium (Nb) and it has low consumption
rate and current output is very high thus widely used.

Nominal Dimension And Weight


Type

Size(mm)

PIA-PB-1

50100L

PIA-PB-2

60100L

PIA-PB-3

70100L

PIA-PB-4

50150L

PIA-PB-5

60150L

Specification of Anode
Consumption
rate
(Kg/A.Yr)

0.032

Current Density
(A/m2)

Coating
Thickness
(micro-inches)

Consumption
rate
( Kg/A.Yr)

Current Density
(A/ft2)

Electrolytes

100 ~ 300

610 -6

50 ~ 300

Salt Water, Fresh Water(Nb)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM

30~300

The size can be changed by the requirement of users.

Chemical Composition
Chemical Composition (%)
Ag

2.0 ~ 5.0%

Sb

4.5 ~ 7.5%

Pb

Remainder

Application
- Condenser, Heat Exchanger, etc.

Installation

Application
- Condenser, Heat Exchanger, Heat treatment, etc.

Installation

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

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15

IMPRESSED CURRENT SYSTEM

CATHODIC
PROTECTION RECTIFIER

MMO (MIXED METAL OXIDE) ANODE

CATHODIC PROTECTION RECTIFIER

General

Shape of MMO Anode

MANUAL RECTIFIER
Method
of
control

Solid

Tubular

Probe

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

MMO anode is anode which can be broadly used in field of structures for its use of catalytic anode coated with
conductive metal compound where electric current flows upon titanium.

In application of impressed current method, the most commonly used DC power source is the rectifier which
converts alternating current (AC) to full-wave direct current(DC). It is a DC power supply equipment which is
being used to provide a required current from anode to protected structures through electrolyte. The rectifiers are
classified into a manual and automatic types, depending upon the controlling method of the rectifier to keep the
proper protective potential.

Mesh

Ribbon

- At each regular cycle operator confirm type potential


value and manually adjust voltage and current in order
to maintain target potential value.

- Suitable to facility with unchanging surrounding


environment and load
(Ex. underground piping and Tank bottom)

Wire

Special
feature

- Cost is very low thus possible to reduce initial


investment cost.
- At the time of malfunction repair is very simple.
- Remote monitoring function can be added.

Specification of Anode
Type of Anode

Consumption
Rate ( Kg/A.Yr)

Current Density
(A/ft2)

Solid Rod Anode

1.010-6 Max.

10 ~ 50

Tubular Anode

1.010-6 Max.

10 ~ 50

Probe Anode

1.010-6 Max.

10 ~ 50

Expanded Mesh Anode

Minimum

0.02

Ribbon Anode

Minimum

0.005

Wire Anode

Minimum

(Remark)

AUTOMATIC RECTIFIER
Method
of
control

Special
feature

Application

- For maintaining initially set type potential value such


value is feed back by rectifier automatically thus
voltage and current is controlled accordingly.

- Suitable to facility which has changing surrounding


environment and load.
(Ex. Cooling facility and Intake facility)
- Proper potential is maintained automatically
thus possible to save electricity cost and cost for
maintenance and repair.
- Remote monitoring function can be added.

- Reinforced Con
c Structure, Above Ground Tank Bottom, Condenser, Heat Exchanger, etc.

PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

16

17

REMOTE CONTROLLED
RECTIFIER AND TEST BOX

REMOTE CONTROLLED
RECTIFIER AND TEST BOX
SYSTEM COMPOSITION

It transforms operation data of facility and manages it. Thus it carries out comprehensive analysis of the stored
data thus enabling assurance of safety of the facility and its service life.
By monitoring condition of operation at central control board it is possible to take quick action when any trouble occurs.
Need for field measurement control personnel is eliminated thus labor cost for maintenance and repair can be saved.
At the time of any trouble with facility it is possible to have effective and rational trouble-shooting through
comprehensive analysis of stored data.
There is no need for separate authorization to use radio instruments.
There is no interference with other facility due to electronic waves.

Wireless Controller

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

PRIME CORPORATION (CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM)

NEED FOR REMOTE MONITORING SYSTEM

REMOTE MONITORING RECTIFIER


Item

Product Specification

OFFICE ROOM

Rectifier (digital circuit)


System
structure

Rectifier with internally installed radio modem


Radio system and monitoring program
TEST BOX

Under protection & Over Protection


Warning
function

Shortcuiting of anode cable and erroneous wiring

RECTIFIER

Remote Controlled Rectifier

Shortcuiting of electrode cable and erroneous wiring


Output voltage and value of electric current
Monitoring
function

Operation value of potential


REFERENCE
ELECTRODE

Setting value of potential


Status of operation of rectifier

REMOTE MONITORING TEST BOX


Item
Operational
environment

Remote Controlled Test Box

Product specification

ACCESSORIES

Operation temp. : -20 ~ 70


Place for installation : Indoors and outdoors
Use voltage : 3.6V (service life of battery 2 years)
Scope of measurement of potential : 2.5 V

Electronic
features

Tolerance : 10mV or less


Possible to use to all the electrodes (Zn, Cu/CuSO4, Ag/Agcl, etc.)
Program for remote monitoring rectifier and function for
use of radio facility jointly
Memory function

Appearance
and
material

Size : 207152115 mm
Material : aluminium

Test Box

Weld Metal and Mold

Reference Electrode

Installation of Remote Controlled Test Box


PRIME CORPORATION
CATHODIC PROTECTION SYSTEM

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