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# CH 11 The Mole Notes + Practice

• What is a mole?

etc.)

Imagine…

## 1 mole = 6.02 x 1023 particles

Particles include: atoms (Au), molecules (H2O), formula units (NaCl), ions (H+)

elements

## How can they all have 6.02 x 1023 particles?

One mole is always 6.02 x 1023 particles, no matter the size of the particle.

## Converting molesparticles (using the “bridge,” first as a class, then independently)

2.15 mol Au = __________ atoms 1.70 mol MgCl2 = __________ formula units

5.21 mol C2H6 = _________ molecules 0.237mol Ca3(PO4)2 = __________ formula units

Converting particlesmoles

## 9.82 x 1023 atoms Au = ________mol 3.01 x 1021 formula units MgCl2 =

________mol

1.26 x 1024 molecules C2H6 = ____mol 4.20 x 1025 formula units Ca3(PO4)2 = ____ mol

• Particles like atoms and molecules are small…how do we know when we have a mole
of them?

• Demo: How do candy companies know when they have the correct number of
candies to go in a bag? (use family-sized bags of candies like m&ms and skittles)

## 6.02 x 1023 atoms Li = 1 mol Li = __________ g Li

6.02 x 1023 atoms K = 1 mol K = __________ g K

## 17.81 g Li = __________ mol Li 11.23 g K = __________ mol K

Converting massparticles

## 45.62 g Au = __________ atoms Au 51.02 g Cu = __________ atoms Cu

Converting particlesmass

## 1.32 x 1023 atoms Li = __________ g Li 7.85 x 1024 atoms K = __________ g K

Closing
Students will create a review problem similar to those completed in class. They may choose
a moleparticle, molemass or particlemass problem (or reverse), but must use different
elements than used in class. They must show how to solve the problem, and the correct

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