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Workshop 6.

Transient Thermal Analysis

Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Goals

In this workshop, we will analyze the electrically heated base


typical of consumer steam irons like the one shown below.

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Inventory #002266
WS6.2-2

Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Assumptions

The heating element contacts and transfers heat to


the base using the pattern shown here

Upon initial startup a heat flux of 0.001 W/mm2 is


applied until a steady state is reached

Heating follows a 30 second step cycle of 0 to 0.003


W/mm2 after steady state is reached

The analysis will begin with the steady state solution


and proceed through the cyclic loading described
above

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Assumptions:

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Start Page


From the launcher start Simulation.

Choose Geometry > From File . . .


and browse to the file Iron.x_t.

When DS starts, close the Template


menu by clicking the X in the corner
of the window.

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Preprocessing


Change the part material to
Polyethylene:
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1. Highlight Part1
2. In the Detail window Material field
Import . . .
3. Choose material Stainless Steel

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4.

Set the working units to (mm,


kg, N, C, s, mV, mA) Tools >
Units menu choose

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Environment

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6. RMB > Insert > Heat Flux.

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5. Select surface representing the heating


element on the face of the iron
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7. Set Magnitude field to 0.001 W/mm2

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Environment

9.

Select the bottom surface (opposite the heat


flux side) and 6 side surfaces of the iron (7
faces)
RMB > Insert > Convection

10. Change to Temperature Dependent

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11. Choose Import in the correlation field


12. Select Stagnant Air Vertical Planes1

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8.

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13. Set ambient temperature to 20 deg. C


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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Environment


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15. RMB > Insert > Convection


16. Change to Temperature Dependent

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17. Choose Import in the correlation field
18. Select Stagnant Air Vertical Planes

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14. Select the 2 surfaces surrounding the


heated surface

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19. Set ambient temperature to 40 deg. C

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Solution


Add temperature and total heat flux results.

20. Highlight the Solution branch.


21. RMB > Insert > Thermal > Temperature, repeat
for total heat flux
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21
22. Solve

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Results


A review of the results shows the
maximum steady state temperature is
approximately 51.7 degrees C

The worksheet view of the environment


shows that an energy balance has been
achieved

Convection1 + Convection2 5.2 W

Applied Load = 0.001W/mm2 * Area

Area 5276 mm

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 Transient Solution

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The result is, the steady state


environment is duplicated and the
new branch automatically setup as a
thermal transient run

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23. Highlight the Temperature result, RMB > Generate Transient


Environment with Initial Condition

Notice the new branch contains an


initial condition branch and a
transient settings branch
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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 Transient Setup


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25. Inspection of the initial condition details


shows no action is required. The steady
state (non-uniform) temperature result
from the Environment branch is mapped
to the transient branch

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24. Begin the transient setup by specifying an


end time of 180 seconds for the analysis in
the toolbar

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Setup

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26. Highlight Heat Flux in the Thermal Transient


branch

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27. In the heat flux detail change Define As to
Load History
28. In the History Data field choose New Load
History . . .

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Setup

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The Engineering Data application will open and a new Heat Flux vs.
Time chart/graph will be created

Enter the time and load data as shown on the next page

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Setup

30 second increments

0.003 W/mm2 Heat Flux

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29. Enter time and load information as described in the problem


statement

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Setup

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31. Toggle off all items but Heat Flux in the Visible and Active columns
of the Timeline Legend Control

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Notice the automatic time


steps are based on the end
time:

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30. Highlight the Transient Settings branch

Initial = ET/100, Min =


ET/1000, Max = ET/10
Leave time steps as default

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Setup

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Toggling off all but the heat flux allows easier inspection of the timeline
chart in this case

Since the heat flux is the only load defined as a non-constant it will have
the only influence on the placement of the automatic step resets
Reset points

As expected, each
reset point coincides
with an inflection
point on the load
history

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Transient Thermal Analysis

Workshop 6.2 - Transient Results

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32. Solve the thermal transient


branch

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When the solution is complete,


results can be reviewed just as
with steady state solutions

33. Highlight the quantity of interest


to plot

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Results

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35. RMB > Retrieve Results

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34. To review results from specific time points, LMB in the timeline chart to
locate the time of interest

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Results


Notice, when a new time point is selected in the
time line, the result detail is displayed in red
until the results matching the time selection are
retrieved

Plotting the Global Maximum temperature


from the Solution Information branch shows
the model has not reached a cyclic equilibrium

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Transient Thermal Analysis

. . . Workshop 6.2 - Transient Results


Using the Probe Tool allows individual parts of the
model to be evaluated over time

Multiple Probes can be plotted on the same graph

Single Probe

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Multiple Probes

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