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Collage of Engineering

School of Civil Engineering

rd

th

3 Class 6 Semester 2014

According to American Standards (ACI 318M-11)

Eng. Nyazi Tawfeeg

2

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Determine the reinforcing bars for a rectangular section of beam subjected to ultimate moment using

the following design data:

(

Solution:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & the corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

):

))

):

(

4) The reinforcement:

)

(

)

(

*

)

(

(

)+

)

*

)+

3

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Design the flexural reinforcement for a

) and dead

imposed load of (

The

beam

is

simply

supported

are (

) to carry an

beam with cross-section of (

).

load of (

) span,

over (

and

the

materials

grades

).

), and the reinforcement cover to center of bars (

Solution:

The ultimate moment (

):

(

( )

( )

(

(

The design:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

(

):

)

):

(

4) The reinforcement:

4

Analysis and Design for Flexure

(

(

(

Calculate the flexural reinforcement of a rectangular section of beam with width of (

) to resist an ultimate moment of (

) using concrete grade (

overall depth of (

), and cover to the center of reinforcement (

).

and reinforcement grade (

) and

)

Solution:

The effective depth ( ):

The design:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

(

):

)

):

(

4) Compression reinforcement ( ):

)

(

*

*

)+

)+

)

)

5

Analysis and Design for Flexure

(

(

)(

)

)(

) (

5) Tension reinforcement ( ):

[

*

(

)

)

(

)+

(

):

)

)

[

from the extreme compression fiber to the centroid of the

longitudinal tension reinforcement, so that the overall depth

of the section (700 mm) should be increased to allow for

placing two layers of the tensile reinforcement of (6 T 32).

(at depth ).

steel (at depth ).

depends on the ( ) not ( ), but it has been calculated

conservatively in this example, and it is more safety

).

because (

)

(

)+

)

6

Analysis and Design for Flexure

) thick supported monolithically on

The figure below shows a reinforced concrete floor slab (

) to resist an ultimate positive moment of (

).

beams with cross-section of (

), (

), design the

Using (

) and cover to the center of reinforcement (

]

). [

flexural reinforcement if the beam span is (

Solution:

The effective depth ( ):

{

The design:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

):

)

)+

(

*

(

)+

)

) Like this

3) Moment of resistance provided by the Slab (overhanging flange) & the required steel (

*

)(

)+

):

)(

)+

7

Analysis and Design for Flexure

4) Moment of resistance required of the beam alone (web) & the required steel (

4.1 Moment of resistance required of the beam alone (web) (

):

):

):

(

):

(

(

)

(

*

)

(

)(

)

)+

)(

)+

8

Analysis and Design for Flexure

) thick supported monolithically on beams with effective

A reinforced concrete floor slab (

) to resist an ultimate positive moment of (

). If the materials

cross-section of (

), (

).

grades are (

) design the flexural reinforcement of the beam to span (

[

Solution:

The effective breadth of the flange ( ):

{

The design:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

):

(

)+

(

*

(

)+

)

) Like this

):

(

)

)

5) The reinforcement:

9

Analysis and Design for Flexure

(

(

(

Determine the ultimate flexural strength of the singly reinforced rectangular

section of beam shown, considering the following design data:

Solution:

The effective depth ( ):

)

):

(

)+

(

)+

):

10

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Calculate the ultimate flexural strength of the doubly reinforced rectangular

section of beam shown, using:

Solution:

The Ultimate flexural strength:

(

(

)

)

)

(

)

(

(

):

)

)

)+

(

)+

using:

11

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Solution:

The effective breadth of the flange ( ):

(

)

(

)

) Like this

)(

)(

)+

(

):

):

)+

(

(

[

):

]

)

)

12

Analysis and Design for Flexure

):

)

)

Calculate the ultimate flexural strength of the beam

shown, using:

Solution:

The effective breadth of the flange ( ):

(

)

(

)

) Like this

)

)

(

)

)

13

Analysis and Design for Flexure

):

(

)+

(

)+

):

Determine the rectangular cross-section of beam and the required steel to resist an ultimate design

) using the following data:

moment of (

Solution:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

)

(

(

(

)

):

( )

)

)

):

):

14

Analysis and Design for Flexure

4) The reinforcement:

(

(

(

*

)+

)

*

)+

Determine the rectangular cross-section of beam and the required steel to carry an ultimate moment

) considering the following design data:

of (

Solution:

(

):

)

):

)

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

15

Analysis and Design for Flexure

):

(

( )

4) The reinforcement:

(

(

(

) and reinforcing bars grade (

Using concrete grade (

)

section to resist an ultimate moment of (

Solution:

(

):

)

):

)

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

16

Analysis and Design for Flexure

):

(

( )

4) The reinforcement:

(

(

(

(

)

(

(

*

)

(

(

)+

)

*

)+

17

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Design a rectangular reinforced concrete section using the following design data:

Solution:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

(

)

):

):

)

):

(

5) The reinforcement:

(

(

(

18

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Design a rectangular reinforced concrete section using the following design data:

Solution:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

):

):

(

)

):

(

)

(

5) Compression reinforcement ( ):

(

)

(

)+

)+

(

(

(

)(

)

)(

) (

(

(

19

Analysis and Design for Flexure

6) Tension reinforcement ( ):

[

*

(

(

)

(

]

(

(

)

)+

(

*

(

):

[

*

)

[

)

(

)+

)

20

Analysis and Design for Flexure

The figure shows a concrete beam supported directly on masonry walls. The beam is required to carry

) and estimated dead

uniformly distributed characteristic load comprises an imposed load of (

)(including the beam self-weight). Using concrete with characteristic compressive

load of (

), flexural reinforcement with yield strength of (

)

strength (for cylindrical sample) of (

)

shear reinforcement with yield strength of (

and cover to the center of

), design the beam.

reinforcement (

Solution:

):

( )

(

(

The design:

1) Assume the strength reduction factor & corresponding minimum tensile strain (

(

)

(

):

):

)

):

( )

21

Analysis and Design for Flexure

4) The reinforcement:

(

(

(

(

( )

( )

The design:

):

(

(

)

[

)

(

(

[

[

(

(

)

(

)

)

22

Analysis and Design for Flexure

4) Spacing of stirrups ( ):

)

(

) or (

).

4.2 After (

) from support:

More accurate shear reinforcement can be provided by considering more intervals for distribution of Stirrups spacing.

)

)

23

Analysis and Design for Flexure

Table-1

( )

(

)

(

( )

The End

+)

))

Table-2

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