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Service, Wrtsil Finland Oy
Engine section
22 Control Mechanism

Engine type
All engines

Ref.
WFIS

Kyttohje

Driftsinstruktion

Date
Issue
08.08.2002 02

Document No.
WV22Q107GB

Page
1(4)

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This Operating Instruction concerns all Wrtsil engine types.

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Woodward has experienced a problem with oil lacquering inside


governors. Oil lacquering is a deposit build up, which is difficult to remove.
The deposit may in the worst case cause the governor to malfunction.
Woodward has therefore issued the enclosed Service Bulletin concerning
how to recognise, and how to avoid, oil lacquering.
The enclosed Service Bulletin serves as a complement to Wrtsil engine
manuals, which also contain information concerning governor oil.

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There is a similarity between hydro-mechanical governors and actuators.


This instruction is therefore valid also for hydro-mechanical actuators.

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Wrtsil Service Network. Owners of Wrtsil engines.

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Until further notice.

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Woodward Service Bulletin 01196

2002 Wrtsil Finland Oy All rights reserved


No Part of this publication may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, graphic,
photocopying, recording, taping pr other information retrieval systems) without the prior written permission of the copyright
holder. Wrtsil Finland Oy makes no representation, warranty (express or implied) in this publication and assumes no
responsibility for the correctness, errors or omissions for information contained herein. Information in this publication is
subject to change without notice.
NO LIABILITY WHETHER DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL, IS ASSUMED WITH
RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION CONTAINED HEREIN. THIS PUBLICATION IS CONFIDENTIAL AND INTENDED FOR
INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY.

Wrtsil Finland Oy
Service, Vaasa

P.O. Box 252 (Tarhaajantie 2)


FIN-65101 Vaasa, Finland

Telecop. +358 10 709 1847


Telecop. +358 6 356 7339

Tel. +358 10 709 0000

Wrtsil Finland Oy
Service, Turku

P.O. Box 50 (Stlarminkatu 45)


FIN-20811 Turku, Finland

Telecop. +358 10 709 3279

Tel. +358 10 709 0000

Registered in Finland No. 465.942


Registered Office: Vaasa

Service, Wrtsil Finland Oy

Operating instruction
Issue
00

Document No.
00000000GB

Page
2(2)

SERVICE BULLETIN
Prevention of Oil Lacquering
in Hydro-mechanical Governors
February 2002
Issue

01196

Hydro-mechanical governors can be affected by a condition known as oil


lacquering. If not prevented, lacquering can lead to various possible failure
modes, with the potential for the governor to stick in the max fuel or min fuel
position.

WARNING
Lacquering can lead to governor failure, with the
potential for engine overspeed. A vessel could be unable
to maintain headway. Preventing lacquering, and having
a backup governing/safety system, are essential for
safety.
Lacquering is difficult and time-consuming to remove (in some cases the cost
of cleaning a lacquered governor can be as high as 40% of the new price of
such a unit). This service bulletin describes Woodward Recommendations and
Customer Actions to avoid lacquering.

Description

Lacquering is defined as the condition in which the governor is coated


internally by a residue from the oil (often referred to as varnish or sludge). The
deposits form a hard layer which is very difficult to remove. Lacquering is
generally accompanied by a smell similar to burnt oil.
The results can range from sticking pilot valves to plugged oil passages and
orifices.
Lacquering is generally caused by the oil breaking down, which can be caused
by:

too high an oil temperature;

too long an interval between oil changes;


water condensing inside the governor during cooldown periods (water in

oil can cause hydrolysis which is a known failure mode for oils).
Oil selection is important, as some oils are less prone to lacquering than
others. It is up to the plant operator/vessel owner and the oil supplier to
establish the correct oils and change intervals for each application. Such a
selection should consider operating temperature, oil change interval, and other
operating conditions known to the plant operator/vessel owner. A proper
selection can achieve suitable economies of cost and change interval while
also preventing lacquering.

Affected Units

Any governor can be affected, depending on oil change interval, operating


temperature, and oil type. Some governor types work their oils harder than
others.

Woodward
Recommendations

Woodward is not aware of the operating conditions of each application and can
make only certain general recommendations:

Oil TemperatureWoodward recommends that the oil temperature for


continuous operation be between 60 and 93 C (140 and 200 F). Refer
to Woodward manual 25071, Oils for Hydraulic Controls.

Oil Change IntervalBecause oil change interval must take into


consideration all operating conditions, the correct oil change interval
must be established between the plant operator/vessel owner and the oil
supplier.

Oil SelectionWoodward specifies two essential factors that need to


be considered in the selection of an oil for proper governor operation:

viscosity rangeallowed is 7,5 cSt (50 SUS) to 650 cSt (3000


SUS); ideal is 20 cSt (100 SUS) to 65 cSt (300 SUS).

operating temperaturerecommended is an oil temperature for


continuous operation between 60 and 93 C (140 and 200 F).
Operating conditions of each application are outside Woodward control.
Woodward considers that plant operators/vessel owners, in consultation with
their oil suppliers, will be able to make a proper oil selection and will be able to
establish appropriate oil change intervals that consider each unique set of
operating conditions. Failure to avoid lacquering of oil inside a governor is
considered to be a misuse outside Woodward control. Such misuse is not
covered by Woodward warranty.
If a governor has become lacquered, it is imperative that this situation be
diagnosed and corrected as soon as possible. A lacquered governor
should not be used, since this can have serious consequences.

Customer Action

Carefully consider the choice of governor oil with your oil supplier. When
choosing an oil interval, start with shorter than expected intervals and slowly try
longer intervals. Monitor the condition of the oil, especially the build-up of
deposits, to ensure that the oil remains within the operating conditions defined
by the oil supplier.

Woodward/Industrial Controls
PO Box 1519, Fort Collins CO 80522-1519, USA
1000 East Drake Road, Fort Collins CO 80525, USA
Phone +1 (970) 482-5811 Fax +1 (970) 498-3058

E-mail and Home Pagewww.woodward.com

FM 57982
BS EN ISO 9001:1994
6 March 2001

Woodward has company-owned plants, subsidiaries, and branches,


as well as authorized distributors and other authorized service and sales facilities throughout the world.
Complete address/phone/fax/e-mail information for all locations is available on our website.

02/2/F

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