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2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks


Brian Swartz
The Pennsylvania State University

5/5/09
PTI Convention
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Page 1 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks


Where weve BEEN
Where we ARE
Where were GOING
HOW do we get there?

Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Page 2 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Terminology

Brian Swartz

Shear Pocket Detail:


Haunch

Precast Panel

Longitudinal Joint
Transverse PT
Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Longitudinal PT

Transverse Joint
Shear Connector Pocket
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2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

The Impetus
Need to re-deck in-service bridges
Maintenance of traffic
Urban Areas

Life Cycle Cost


Durability

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Page 4 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Traditional Construction

Photo Credit: J.A. Laman


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Page 5 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Traditional Construction

Photo Credit: J.A. Laman


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Page 6 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Traditional Construction
Advantages
Industry Comfort
Improved Economy

Disadvantages
Cracks lead to durability problems
Redecking is complicated
Difficult to maintain traffic

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Page 7 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Precast, PT Decks
Advantages
Rapid Construction
Less Site Time
Improved Durability
Less Cracking (Prestressing Effect)
Quality Control

Staged Construction & Traffic Maintenance

Disadvantages
Less Familiarity
Less economical on first-cost basis
Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Page 8 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Precast, PT Decks

Photo Credit: G. Ehmke


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Page 9 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Construction Procedure

Reroute traffic

Install Shear Studs

Demolition

Post-Tension & Grout Tendons

Prepare for Panel Placement

Grout Pockets & Haunches

Panel Erection

Cast Closures

Install Tendons

Install Parapet

Grout Joints

Surface Finish

Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Page 10 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Construction Procedure

Reroute traffic

Install Shear Studs

Demolition

Post-Tension & Grout Tendons

Prepare for Panel Placement

Grout Pockets & Haunches

Panel Erection

Cast Closures

Install Tendons

Install Parapet

Grout Joints

Surface Finish
Photo Credit: G. Ehmke

Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Page 11 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Design Details: Joints

Brian Swartz

Grouted Joint

Panel 1

Panel 2

Main objectives
Transfer Shear
Seal against Leaks
Easy to Construct

Compression is KEY
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Page 12 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Joints used to date: Vast Differences


Door Creek Bridge, WI

Clear Creek Canyon Bridge, CO

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Woodrow Wilson Bridge, MD/VA

-Lutz & Scalia

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2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Design Details: Composite Connections

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Page 14 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Sample Composite Schemes


Woodrow Wilson Bridge, MD/VA

Skyline Drive, NE

-Lutz & Scalia

-PCI
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Page 15 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Design Details: Post-Tensioning

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Page 16 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Factors for Economy

Comfort, Risk
Standard Details
Easily Constructed Joints
Minimal unknowns

Project Scale
Panel Homogenization
Panel Transport
Traffic Maintenance

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Project - Dependent

Page 17 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Lessons from History


60%

P/S

Percent Built

50%

40%

30%

Steel

20%

RC
10%

0%
1950

1955

1960

1965

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

Year Built
Compiled by PCA, based on NBI Data
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Page 18 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Lessons from History


~1940
Technology exists to build P/S Girders
Freysinnet (Europe)

1950
First P/S girder bridge in the US (Phila.)

1956

Demand
Beginning of Interstate Highway construction
PCI develops standard cross-sections
Standardization
1956-present
Consistent growth in use of P/S girders
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Page 19 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Precast, PT Decks
1982
Woodrow Wilson Bridge Re-Decking

1982-2009
Several successful projects, steady improvement

Where we are
Demand? YES
Standardization? NO

Where were going


Improve first-cost economy
Design guides
Standard details
Establish Standard-of-Practice
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Page 20 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Improving First-Cost Economy


Design Guide
Draft version under review at PTI
Includes recommended details, design example,
and preliminary design charts

Standard Details
State-sponsored moves towards standardization

Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Page 21 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Design Guide: Design Example

-FHWA

-FHWA

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Page 22 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Design Guide: Design Charts


Transverse Design

1.35 Strands/Foot

9.75 ft

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Page 23 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Brian Swartz

Conclusion
Precast, PT decks
Proven viable and successful
Need for first-cost economy
Standardization
Design Guidelines

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Page 24 of 25

2009 PTI Technical Conference

Precast, Post-Tensioned Bridge Decks

Questions?

Brian Swartz

Shear Pocket Detail:


Haunch

Precast Panel

Longitudinal Joint
Transverse PT
Copyright Post-Tensioning Institute all rights reserved.

Longitudinal PT

Transverse Joint
Shear Connector Pocket
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