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_____ set the standards or guidelines for determining what one

should do, how one should act, what type of person one should be.
Norms
"All of my friends trust me because I never back down on my
word and I never break promises, no matter what." Identify the
ethical approach that reflects this line of thought. Deontological
"Just as individuals have no ethical obligation to contribute to
charity or to do volunteer work in their community, business has no
ethical obligations to serve wider social goods. But, just as charity is
a good thing and something that we all want to encourage, business
should be encouraged to contribute to society in ways that go
beyond the narrow obligations of law and economics." Identify the
model of CSR that reflects this line of thought. Philanthropic
model
"Quietly ethical" executives within the confines of the top
management team are likely to be perceived as ethical leaders
because they have the support of the top manageme False
"We ought to stop at a red light, even if no cars are coming
and I could get to my destination that much sooner." Identify the
ethical approach that follows this line of thought. Deontological
A critical element of comparing and weighing the alternatives
is the consideration of ways to mitigate, minimize, or compensate
for any possible harmful consequences.True
A values-based culture recognizes that where rules do not
apply, the firm must rely on the personal integrity of its workforce
during decision-making. True
According to Donaldson and Dunfee, examples of hypernorms
include: right to personal freedom.
According to philosopher Norman Bowie, managers have a
responsibility to maximize profits as long as they: comply with the
moral minimum and cause no harm.
According to the Economic Model of CSR, the social
responsibility of business managers is to: pursue profit within the
law.
According to the Economic Model of CSR, the social
responsibility of business managers is not only to pursue profit
within the law, but also to share a small percentage of this profit for
activities that would benefit the society? False

According to the philanthropic model of CSR, business has no


strict obligation to contribute to social causes; but it can be a good
thing when they do so. True
According to the universal principle of Kantian philosophy, the
ethical obligation of _____ should guide employment interactions.
respect for people
According to this model, profit is a direct measure of how
well a business firm is meeting society's expectations.
An appropriate method of leadership is insufficient to establish
a leader as being ethical. True
An individual who argues that firms should be managed for
the sole benefit of stockholders is defending the: economic model
of CSR.
As with the construction of a personal code or mission, it is
critical to first: ask yourself what you stand for or what the
company stands for.
Assume that you are a strong supporter of the deontological
ethical tradition.
Charity work is done because it brings the firm good public
relations, provides a helpful tax deduction, builds good-will and/or a
good reputation within the community, is not included by the
philanthropic model of CSR. False
Comparison of the probabilities of harm involved in various
activities would determine the: relative risks.
Compliance-based
Consequences or justifications are the only means for
comparing alternatives.False
Consequences, justifications, principles, rights, or duties are
all methods to: compare and weigh alternatives.
Consumer vulnerability occurs when: a person has an
impaired ability to make an informed consent to the market
exchange.
Consumers would not need complex contracts in order to
protect themselves from all possible harms that products
might cause.
Corporate culture shapes, and is shaped, by the people who
are members of the organization. True
Corporate managers who fail to give due consideration to the
rights of employees and other concerned groups in the pursuit of
profit are treating these groups as means to the ends of
stockholders. This is unjust according to the _____ tradition. Kantian
Creativity in identifying options is also known as: moral
imagination.
CSR literature assumes a tension between the pursuit of profit
and social responsibility. How can organizations overcome this
tension? By pursuing social ends as the very core of their
mission.*

During to process of downsizing, allowing a worker to remain


in a position for a period of time once she or he has been notified of
impending termination might not be the best option. Identify the
correct justification for this statement. Terminated workers may
interpret early notice as an effort to get the most out of
them before departure.
Employees will be on their best behavior during calls if they
know that those calls are being monitored. Identify this effect of
employee monitoring. Hawthorne effect
Ethical business leadership is the skill to create circumstances
in which good people are able to do good, and bad people are
taught to do good. False
Ethically appropriate methods of leadership alone are
insufficient for establishing ethical leadership. Identify the other
element.The ends or objective towards which the leader
leads.
Ethics is descriptive, which means that it provides an account
of how and why people do act the way they do. False
Ethics is held as a priority if the general counsel serves as the
ethics officer in her "spare time," even if no additional resources are
allocated to that activity. False
For-profit organizations that prioritize social entrepreneurship
and sustainability as a central part of their strategic mission are
pursuing the _____ model of CSR. integrative
From the perspective of the narrow view of CSR, only
philanthropy done for reputational reasons and financial ends is
ethically responsible. Identify the correct justification for this
perspective. Business managers are the agents of owners.
They have no right to use corporate resources except to
earn owners greater returns on their investment.
How can we say that the use of an implied warranty solved a
set of problems with the contract law approach to product liability?
Identify the act that expanded states' rights with regard to
Internet surveillance technology, including workplace surveillance,
and amended the Electronic Communications Privacy Act. USA
PATRIOT Act
Identify the challenge faced by the acceptable risk approach
to health and safety? It ignores the fundamental deontological
right an employee might have to a safe and healthy working
environment.
Identify the correct statement about "bullying." Bullying can
lead to a complete loss of personal dignity, intimidation, and
fear.
Identify the correct statement about Electronic
Communications Privacy Act of 1986 (ECPA). A firm that secures
employee consent to monitoring at the time of hire is
immune from ECPA liability.
Identify the correct statement about ethical leaders. An
ethical leaders' traits and behaviors must be socially visible.

Identify the correct statement about government standards in


the government-regulated ethics approach to health and safety.
Standards can overcome market failures that result from
insufficient information.
Identify the correct statement about whistleblowing. It can
occur both internally and externally.
Identify the distinguishing feature between cost-benefit
analysis and cost-effectiveness. Cost-benefit analysis is ethically
problematic.
Identify the doctrine which holds that employers are free to
fire an employee at any time and for any reason, unless an
agreement specifies otherwise. The doctrine of employment at
will
Identify the incorrect statement about technology and its
usage. It allows us to be careful with our communications.
Identify the model of CSR that views business as a citizen of
the society in which it operates, and like all members of a society,
business must conform to the normal ethical duties and obligations
that we all face. Social Web model
Identify the most determinative element in integration,
without which, there is no clarity of purpose, priorities, or process.
Communication
Identify the requirement that is common to utilitarianism and
stakeholder theory.To consider the consequences of
management decisions for the well-being of all affected
groups.
Identify the statement about manipulation that you would
completely agree with.Even unsuccessful manipulations are
guilty of ethical wrong.
Identify the statement that best describes the philanthropic
model of corporate social responsibility.From this perspective,
business has no strict obligation to contribute to social
causes; but it can be a good thing when they do so.
If a firm creates a good image for itself, consumers or other
stakeholders seem to give it some slack if they hear something
negative about the firm. True
If a firm creates a good image for itself, consumers or other
stakeholders seem to give it some slack if they hear something
negative about the firm.True
If we judge a leader solely by the results produced, we are
following the ethical tradition of: utilitarianism
In selling a product, a business implicitly offers assurances
that the product is reasonably suitable for its purpose. The law
refers to this as the: implied warranty of merchantability.
In the classic 1970 New York Times article, "The Social
Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits," Milton Friedman
ignores ethical responsibilities and suggests that decision makers
are fulfilling their responsibility if they follow their firm's self-interest
in pursuing profit. False

In the corporate context, Enron executives Ken Lay and Jeffrey


Skilling were: effective but unethical leaders.
In the ethical decision-making process, the issue identification
step always follows the fact gathering step. False
In the philanthropic model of CSR, situations where a business
supports a social cause for the purpose of receiving a business
benefit in return is similar to: the economic model of CSR.
Integration theory begins with the recognition that every
business decision affects a wide variety of people, benefiting some
and imposing costs on others. False
Labeling products with such terms as "environmentally
friendly," "natural," "eco," "energy efficient," "biodegradable" and
the like, can help promote products that have little or no
environmental benefits. This practice is known as: greenwashing.
Legislators created a form of business called corporations to
encourage people to engage in business activities.True
Legislatures created a form of business called corporations
because they thought that businesses could be more efficient in
raising the capital necessary for producing goods, services, jobs,
and wealth if: individuals were protected by limiting the
liability of individuals for these activities.
Legislatures created a form of business called corporations
because they thought that businesses could be more efficient in
raising the capital necessary for producing goods, services, jobs,
and wealth if: individuals were protected by limiting the
liability of individuals for these activities.
Milton Friedman explains that a corporate executive has a
"responsibility to conduct business in accordance with [his or her
employer's] desires, which generally will be to make as much money
as possible while conforming to the basic rules of society, both
those embodied in law and those embodied in ethical custom." This
view of corporate social responsibility has its roots in the _____
tradition and in neoclassical economics. utilitarian
Morality is the aspect of ethics that we can refer to by the
phrase: "personal integrity."
Most statutes or common law decisions, provide for employer
defenses for all of the following except: those rules that treats
one group differently from another considering lifestyle
practices.
One important justification offered for CSR, what is often
called enlightened self-interest, presumes that: good ethics can
also be good business. While we are all familiar with
examples of unethical decisions leading to high profits,
there is general agreement that, in the long run, ethics pays
off.
Philosophers distinguish between three different types of
responsibilities. The most demanding responsibility is often called
duty or obligation in order to indicate that they oblige us in the

strictest sense. Identify this responsibility. A business should not


sell a product that causes harm to consumers.
Privacy can be legally protected by all of the following except:
affirmative action.
Society creates a strong incentive for businesses to produce
safer goods and services by holding them responsible for any harm
their products cause. This claim supports the: strict product
liability standard.
The _____ ethical tradition would see a simple situation of an
agreement for an exchange between two parties as upholding
respect for individuals by treating them as autonomous agents
capable of pursuing their own ends. deontologicall
The aspect of business ethics that examines business
institutions from a social rather than an individual perspective is
referred to as: decision making for social responsibility.
The comparison between the Federal Emergency Management
Agency (FEMA) and the United States Coast Guard shows:that
similar missions, legal regulations, and rules do not
translate into similar cultures.
The Constitution's Fourth Amendment protection against an
unreasonable search and seizure governs only the public sector
workplace because: the Constitution applies only to state
action.
The distinction between compliance-based and integrity-based
cultures is most evident in: accounting and auditing.
The first step in making decisions that are ethically
responsible is to consider how a decision affects stakeholders.False
The law has created a form of business that limits the liability
of individuals for the risks involved in business activities. Identify the
form of business. Corporation
The means used to motivate others and achieve one's goals
plays a key role in distinguishing between: effective leaders and
ethical leaders.
The practice of attending to the "image" of a firm is referred to
as: reputation management.
The second step in the development of guiding principles for
the firm is: the articulation of a clear vision regarding the
firm's direction.
The simple situation in which two parties come together and
freely agree to an exchange is prima facie ethically legitimate
because: certain conditions must be met before we can
conclude that autonomy has been respected and mutual
benefit has been achieved.
The Supreme Court separated the "mandatory" element of the
Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations from their advisory
role, holding that their mandatory nature: violated the Sixth
Amendment right to a jury trial.
Utilitarianism has been called a(n):consequentialist
approach to ethics.

Utilitarianism's fundamental insight is that we should decide


what to do by: considering the consequences of our actions.
What is the challenge associated with ethical pay offs? It is
very difficult to measure the ethical pay off.
What serves as an articulation of the fundamental principles
at the heart of the organization and should guide all decisions
without abridgment? Mission statement
When would a values-based organization rely on the personal
integrity of its workforce when decisions need to be made? In a
situation where rules do not apply.
When would a values-based organization rely on the personal
integrity of its workforce when decisions need to be made? In a
situation where rules do not apply.
Which among the following is a legal right? Right to bargain
collectively as part of a union.
Which ethical framework goes against the ethical principle of
obeying certain duties or responsibilities, no matter the end
result? Utilitarian framework of ethics
Which of the following approaches to culture is traditional?
Which of the following approaches to culture is traditional?
Compliance-based
Which of the following best describes ethics? The study of
how human beings should properly live their lives.
Which of the following can be a problem with CSR for
reputation building? Social responsibility is then merely social
marketing.
Which of the following can be thought of as the answer to the
fundamental questions of theoretical reason? The scientific
method
Which of the following ethical requirement, in practice, is the
type of responsibility established by the precedents of tort law?
Responsibility not to cause harm
Which of the following involves the disclosure of unethical or
illegal activities to someone who is in a position to take action to
prevent or punish the wrongdoing? Whistleblowing
Which of the following is a feature of an evolved and inclusive
ethics program, as opposed to a traditional compliance-oriented
program? Helping to unify a firm's global operations
Which of the following is a feature of an evolved and inclusive
ethics program, as opposed to a traditional compliance-oriented
program? Helping to unify a firm's global operations
Which of the following is an approach advocated while
teaching ethics? Challenge students to think for themselves.
Which of the following is true about corporate culture? A
compliance culture is only as strong and as precise as the
rules that workers are expected to follow.

Which of the following is true about corporate culture?


Corporate cultures can hinder individuals in making the
"right" decisions.
Which of the following is true about the economic model of
CSR?
Which of the following is usually the only "value" in an
organization in the absence of any other established values? Profitat any cost
Which of the following prescriptions of the United States
Sentencing Commission (USSC) assigns most federal crimes to one
of 43 "offense levels," based on the severity of the offense? Federal
Sentencing Guidelines for Organizations
Which of the following principles of utilitarianism indicates its
support for democratic institutions and policies? The greatest
good for the greatest number*
Which of the following statements about ethics and ethics
officers is correct? Ethics was not a priority if the general counsel
served as the ethics officer in her "spare time." Milton Friedman's
classic 1970 New York Times article, "The Social
Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits,"
supported this perspective.
Which of the following statements about ethics and ethics
officers is correct? Ethics was not a priority if the general
counsel served as the ethics officer in her "spare time."
Which of the following statements is incorrect about corporate
culture? One strong business leader is not enough to have an
impact on corporate culture.
Which of the following traditions seeks a full and detailed
description of those character traits that would constitute a good
and full human life? Virtue ethics
Which of the following traditions would support child labor
because it produces better overall consequences than the available
alternatives? Utilitarianism
Which of the following versions of CSR suggests that the longterm financial well-being of every firm is directly tied to questions of
how the firm both affects and is affected by the natural
environment? Sustainability
Which of the following would be advocated by the
"administrative" version of utilitarianism? Government regulation
of business
While we are all familiar with examples of unethical decisions
leading to high profits, there is general agreement that, in the long
run, ethics pays off. What is the challenge associated with ethical
pay offs? It is very difficult to measure the ethical pay off.

Sai

Philosophers distinguish between three different types of


responsibilities. The most demanding responsibility is often called
duty or obligation in order to indicate that they oblige us in the
strictest sense. Identify this responsibility.
A business should engage in charitable work for the
development of the society.
Which of the following situations could result in the business
culture becoming a determining factor in ethical decision-making?
Lack of strong leadership
Which of the following statements is true about ethical
corporate cultures?
The responsibility for creating and sustaining ethical
corporate cultures rests on law enforcement agencies.
Which of the following situations could result in the business
culture becoming a determining factor in ethical decision-making?
Stagnant or decreasing profits
Which of the following can be a problem with CSR for
reputation building?
CSR for reputation building may include instances where
profits have to be sacrificed for social causes.
Which of the following is true about corporate culture?
An integrity-based culture is one that reinforces a particular
set of rules.