Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16
  • 6 Adjective Clauses with Subject Relative Pronouns

6 Adjective Clauses with Subject Relative Pronouns Famous Faces and Places Focus on Grammar 4 Part
6 Adjective Clauses with Subject Relative Pronouns Famous Faces and Places Focus on Grammar 4 Part
6 Adjective Clauses with Subject Relative Pronouns Famous Faces and Places Focus on Grammar 4 Part

Famous Faces and Places

Focus on Grammar 4

Part VI, Unit 13 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells

Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

History 101

History 101

She’s a scientist whose She’s a scientist whose Okay, let’s start studying for our Okay, let’s
She’s a scientist whose
She’s a scientist whose
Okay, let’s start studying for our
Okay, let’s start studying for our
Oh, I know. She’s a woman who
Oh, I know. She’s a woman who
She discovered the element of
She discovered the element of
Wow. Good answers. Okay, next
Wow. Good answers. Okay, next
discoveries have greatly
discoveries have greatly
history exam. I’ll ask a question,
history exam. I’ll ask a question,
radium, which is used in X-rays.
radium, which is used in X-rays.
won the Nobel Prize in 1903.What
won the Nobel Prize in 1903.
What did
did she
she discover?
discover?
question. Who was Gandhi?
question. Who was Gandhi?
Who
Who isis Marie
Marie Curie?
Curie?
affected the medical field.
affected the medical field.
and you tell me the answer.
and you tell me the answer.

Adjective Clauses 1

Adjective Clauses 1

Use adjective clauses to identify or give additional information about nouns (people, places, or things).
Use adjective clauses to identify or give additional
information about nouns (people, places, or things).
Adjective Clauses 1 Adjective Clauses 1 Use adjective clauses to identify or give additional information about

He lived in the state of Gujarat,

Gandhi was a man who worked for

which is in Western India.
which is in Western India.
Adjective Clauses 1 Adjective Clauses 1 Use adjective clauses to identify or give additional information about
The clause identifies the man we are
The clause
identifies the man we are

peace.

The clause gives additional
The clause
gives additional

which is in Western who worked India for peace

information about talking Gujarat. about.

Adjective Clauses 2

Adjective Clauses 2

Adjective clauses can also identify or describe indefinite pronouns such as one, someone, somebody, something, another,
Adjective clauses can also identify or describe indefinite
pronouns such as one, someone, somebody,
something, another, and other(s).
Adjective Clauses 2 Adjective Clauses 2 Adjective clauses can also identify or describe indefinite pronouns such

George Washington Carver is someone

someone

who was a famous botanist.

The The adjective adjective clause clause directly directly follows follows the the noun noun (or (or
The The adjective adjective clause clause directly directly
follows follows the the noun noun (or (or pronoun) pronoun)
it it is is identifying. identifying.

Adjective Clauses 3

Adjective Clauses 3

Sentences with adjective clauses can be seen as a combination of two sentences.
Sentences with adjective clauses can be
seen as a combination of two sentences.
Florence Nightingale Beethoven was a composer. ++ ++ She She developed modern healthcare methods. His His
Florence Nightingale
Beethoven was a composer.
++
++
She
She developed modern healthcare methods.
His
His music is still enjoyed by many people.
==
==
Beethoven was a composer whose
Florence Nightingale was a nurse who
whose
music is still enjoyed by many people.
developed modern healthcare methods.

Relative Pronouns 1

Relative Pronouns 1

Adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns. Subject relative pronouns can be who, that, which, and whose.
Adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns.
Subject relative pronouns can be who, that, which,
and whose.
Relative Pronouns 1 Relative Pronouns 1 Adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns. Subject relative pronouns can

Thomas Edison

Thomas

changed

Use whose Use whose whose to refer to whose to refer to people’s people’s possessions people’s
Use whose
Use whose
whose to refer to
whose to refer to
people’s
people’s possessions
people’s
people’s possessions
president
possessions.
possessions.
an American painting which who fought against slavery. OROROROR painting that that fought That That That
an American
painting which
who fought against slavery.
OROROROR
painting that
that fought
That
That
That is less formal than
That is less formal than
Use who
Use who
Use which
Use which
who or
who or that
which or to
which that that that
that to
or that
that to refer to
that to refer to
who and which and used
who and which and used
refer to places or things.
refer to places or things.
people
people.
people
people.
more in conversation.
more in conversation.

Abraham Lincoln was

The Mona Lisa is a painting

president who fought against slavery

is known throughout the world.

is known throughout the world

Edison, whose inventions

whose inventions

Abraham Lincoln was

The Mona Lisa is a painting

changed the

the world

world, was born in 1847.

president that fought against slavery

president

is known throughout the world.

is known throughout the world

Be Careful!

Be Careful!

Do not use a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we, they) and a subject
Do not use a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we,
they) and a subject relative pronoun in the same
adjective clause.
Be Careful! Be Careful! Do not use a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we,

William Shakespeare is an Englishman

who hehe wrote

who

Be Careful! Be Careful! Do not use a subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, we,

wrote many well-known plays.

William Shakespeare is an Englishman

who wrote many well-known plays.

Practice 1

Practice 1

Combine the groups of sentences into

one sentence with an adjective

clause. Use the appropriate relative

pronouns.

Practice 1 Practice 1 Combine the groups of sentences into one sentence with an adjective clause.

Example: a) Albert Einstein was a physicist.

Example:

Albert Einstein was a physicist who/that

who/that

won the

won

the Nobel

Nobel Prize

Prize inin Physics

Physics inin 1921

1921..

b) HeHe won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921.

1. a) Ang San Su Kyi is a Burmese peace activist in Myanmar. Ang San Su
1. a) Ang San Su Kyi is a Burmese peace activist in Myanmar.
Ang San Su Kyi is a Burmese peace activist in Myanmar
Albert Einstein was a physicist who
who won
won
b)
which is a country located in Southeast Asia.
which is a country located in Southeast Asia
Myanmar
Myanmar is a country located in Southeast Asia.
the
the Nobel
Nobel Prize
Prize inin Physics
Physics inin 1921
1921.
OROR
2.
a)
Diego Rivera was a Mexican painter.
Diego Rivera was a Mexican painter whose
whose work
work isis
Albert Einstein was a physicist that
displayed in many famous museums.
that won
won
displayed in many famous museums
b)
His
His work is displayed in many famous museums.
the
the Nobel
Nobel Prize
Prize inin Physics
Physics inin 1921
1921.
3.
a)
Mother Teresa was a Catholic nun.
Mother Teresa was a Catholic nun who/that
who/that devoted
devoted her
her
life
life toto the
the poor
poor.
b)
She
She devoted her life to the poor.

Relative Pronouns 2

Relative Pronouns 2

Relative pronouns have the same form whether they refer to singular or plural nouns, or to
Relative pronouns have the same form whether they
refer to singular or plural nouns, or to males or
females.
Relative Pronouns 2 Relative Pronouns 2 Relative pronouns have the same form whether they refer to

Ferdinand Magellan was the

man who

who led the first

expedition to sail around the

world.

Amelia Earhart was the woman

who was the first female pilot

who

to fly across the Atlantic.

Pioneers are people who

who do

Relative Pronouns 2 Relative Pronouns 2 Relative pronouns have the same form whether they refer to

things others think impossible.

Verbs in Adjective Clauses

Verbs in Adjective Clauses

The verb in the adjective clause is singular if the subject relative pronoun refers to a
The verb in the adjective clause is singular if the
subject relative pronoun refers to a singular noun. It is
plural if it refers to a plural noun.
singular verb
singular verb
Verbs in Adjective Clauses Verbs in Adjective Clauses The verb in the adjective clause is singular
Copernicus was an an astronomer who is

Copernicus was anan astronomer astronomer who is

known for his theory that the world is round.

Verbs in Adjective Clauses Verbs in Adjective Clauses The verb in the adjective clause is singular
Verbs in Adjective Clauses Verbs in Adjective Clauses The verb in the adjective clause is singular

Plato and Aristotle are ancient Greek

Verbs in Adjective Clauses Verbs in Adjective Clauses The verb in the adjective clause is singular

men who are known for philosophies.

men

plural verb
plural verb

Be Careful!

Be Careful!

When whose + noun is the subject of an adjective clause, the verb agrees with the
When whose + noun is the subject of an adjective
clause, the verb agrees with the subject of the
adjective clause.
Be Careful! Be Careful! When whose + noun is the subject of an adjective clause, the

Jane Austen was an English novelist

whose novels

novels is read by many students.

Be Careful! Be Careful! When whose + noun is the subject of an adjective clause, the

Jane Austen was an English novelist

whose novels

Be Careful! Be Careful! When whose + noun is the subject of an adjective clause, the

novels are read by many students.

subject
subject

Two Kinds of Adjective Clauses

Two Kinds of Adjective Clauses

There are two kinds of adjective clauses, identifying and nonidentifying.
There are two kinds of adjective clauses,
identifying and nonidentifying.
The adjective clause The books which which are are onon identifies identifies which which books books
The adjective clause
The books which
which are
are onon
identifies
identifies which
which books
books the
the
the table
table belong to me.
sentence talks about.
Two Kinds of Adjective Clauses Two Kinds of Adjective Clauses There are two kinds of adjective
The adjective clause isis not not The books,, which which are are onon necessary necessary to
The adjective clause isis not
not
The books,, which
which are
are onon
necessary
necessary to identify the
the
the table,
table, belong to me.
which books are referred to.

Commas

Commas

A nonidentifying adjective clause is separated from the rest of the sentence by commas. Do not
A nonidentifying adjective clause is separated from the
rest of the sentence by commas. Do not use commas
with an identifying adjective clause.
The map,, which which isis onon Nonidentifying Adjective the the table, table, is new. Clause
The map,, which
which isis onon
Nonidentifying Adjective
the
the table,
table, is new.
Clause
The map which Identifying which isis onon the the table table is new. Adjective Clause
The map which
Identifying
which isis onon the
the
table
table is new.
Adjective Clause

Be Careful!

Be Careful!

Do not use that to introduce nonidentifying nonidentifying adjective adjective clauses clauses. Use who for people
Do not use that to introduce nonidentifying nonidentifying adjective adjective
clauses clauses. Use who for people and which for places
and things.
Athens,, that is that is of of the Athens,, which which of of the
Athens,, that is
that is
of
of the
Athens,, which
which
of
of the
that won won the the Nobel Nobel Prize, Prize, who won won the the Nobel Nobel
that won
won the
the Nobel
Nobel Prize,
Prize,
who won
won the
the Nobel
Nobel Prize,
Prize,

the birthplace

the birthplace

Marie Curie,, that

the Olympics,

Olympics, is in Greece.

discovered radium.

isis the

the birthplace

Marie Curie,, who

birthplace

the Olympics,

Olympics, is in Greece.

discovered radium.

Practice 2

Practice 2

Find and correct the errors in the

adjective clauses of the sentences.

Discuss your answers with a partner.

Example: Italy, which which the that that isis isis the the birthplace the birthplace birthplace of
Example:
Italy, which
which the
that
that isis isis the
the birthplace
the birthplace
birthplace of
birthplace of
of opera
of opera
opera, is a
opera, is a
fascinating country.
1. Louis Armstrong was a famous American musician who
who hehe
who
who
made
made jazz
jazz popular
popular.
2.
Frida Kahlo, whose paintings has recently become well-
whose paintings has recently become well-
have
have recently
recently become
become well-
well-
known
known, was a
3.
Nelson Mandela, who lives
lives
South
South Africa
Africa, fought against
fought against
apartheid.
4.
Chinua Achebe
which writes novels
which writes novels
writes
writes novels
novels
about
about village
village life
life.
5.
Valentina Tereshkova who
,,
who was
was the
the first
first woman
woman toto travel
travel
into
into space
,,
space
is Russian.

References

References

References References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved. Photo credit: Ghandi

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Photo credit:

Ghandi: © Silvio Fiore / SuperStock

Похожие интересы