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Noun Clauses:

  • 8 Subjects, Objects, and Complements

Noun Clauses: 8 Subjects, Objects, and Complements Dining Out Focus on Grammar 5 Part VIII, Unit
Noun Clauses: 8 Subjects, Objects, and Complements Dining Out Focus on Grammar 5 Part VIII, Unit

Dining Out

Focus on Grammar 5

Part VIII, Unit 21 By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ Wells

Copyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

Should We Leave a Tip?

Should We Leave a Tip?

I don’t What know this waiter why we needs should is leave a tip some for
I don’t What know this waiter why we needs should is leave a
tip some for the more waiter. training. He was terrible!
It’s a miracle that we received
our food at all. He was so
slow!
I wonder whether or not we
should leave a tip for the waiter.

Noun Clauses 1

Noun Clauses 1

Noun clauses are dependent clauses that perform the same functions that regular nouns do. Noun clauses
Noun clauses are dependent clauses that perform the
same functions that regular nouns do. Noun clauses
begin with that, question words, or whether or if.
I’m not sure whether I’m not sure whether whether whether this is funny or not. this
I’m not sure whether
I’m not sure whether
whether
whether
this is funny or not.
this is funny or not.
Can you explain Can you explain how how this landed how how this landed on my
Can you explain
Can you explain
how how this landed
how how this landed
on my head?
on my head?
It’s clear It’s clear that that that that I I won’t won’t get a tip get
It’s clear
It’s clear
that
that
that
that I I
won’t
won’t
get a tip
get a tip
tonight.
tonight.

Noun Clauses 2

Noun Clauses 2

Noun clauses can be subjects, objects, subject complements, or adjective complements.
Noun clauses can be subjects, objects, subject
complements, or adjective complements.
Subject
Subject
Noun Clauses 2 Noun Clauses 2 Noun clauses can be subjects, objects, subject complements, or adjective

What’s painful is the hot coffee.

Object
Object
Noun Clauses 2 Noun Clauses 2 Noun clauses can be subjects, objects, subject complements, or adjective

I don’t understand why she doesn’t hang up.

Subject Complement
Subject Complement

The question is whether she’s going to stop.

Adjective Complement
Adjective Complement
Noun Clauses 2 Noun Clauses 2 Noun clauses can be subjects, objects, subject complements, or adjective

It’s frustrating that she’s not paying attention.

Noun Noun Clauses Clauses with with That That

We use the word that to introduce certain noun clauses. In such cases, that is a
We use the word that to introduce certain noun clauses.
In such cases, that is a grammatical word that simply
introduces a clause. It has no clear meaning.
That That these these prices prices are are soso high high is outrageous. I think (that)
That
That these
these prices
prices are
are soso high
high is outrageous.
I think (that)
(that) I’ll
I’ll need
need toto reorder
reorder.
When that introduces a subject
noun clause, it is never omitted. That can be omitted when it
introduces an object noun
clause or a complement
noun clause.

Practice 1

Practice 1

Use the clause introducers to make sentences with noun clauses to explain the picture.

Practice 1 Practice 1 Use the clause introducers to make sentences with noun clauses to explain

Examples:

My boss told me that

What II need

What

need right

that

right now

now isis…

Practice 1 Practice 1 Use the clause introducers to make sentences with noun clauses to explain
My boss told me (that) (that) II should should bebe more more careful careful.
My boss told me
(that)
(that) II should
should bebe
more
more careful
careful.
Practice 1 Practice 1 Use the clause introducers to make sentences with noun clauses to explain

What II need

What

need right

right

now isis a break.

now

1) What’s funny is

... 2) It appears that… 3) That … is very clear.

4) I notice that… 5) That … is very interesting. 6) It’s likely that…

Embedded Questions 1

Embedded Questions 1

A question that is changed to a noun clause is called an embedded question. We use
A question that is changed to a noun clause is called
an embedded question. We use statement word
order in embedded questions, not question word order.
What do you I’m not sure what want to order? I want to order. Statement Order
What do you
I’m not sure what
want to order?
I want to order.
Statement Order

Embedded Questions 2

Embedded Questions 2

Embedded questions are more polite than direct questions.
Embedded questions are more polite than
direct questions.
Are there any tables next to a window? Direct Question Can Can you you tell tell
Are there any tables
next to a window?
Direct Question
Can
Can you
you tell
tell me
me if there are any
tables next to a window?
Embedded Question

Embedded Questions 3

Embedded Questions 3

An embedded question can occur within a statement or within another question. Notice the difference in
An embedded question can occur within a statement or
within another question. Notice the difference in
punctuation.
Can someone explain why why there is lipstick on my glass ??
Can someone explain why
why
there is lipstick on my glass
??
I’m not sure how how this fly got into my soup .
I’m not sure how
how this
fly got into my soup .

Be Careful!

Be Careful!

Do not use do, does, or did in embedded questions.
Do not use do, does, or did in embedded questions.
I don’t know how how that that that did happened happened .
I don’t know how
how
that
that
that did
happened
happened
.

Practice 2

Practice 2

Change the direct questions below to embedded questions. Use wh- question words and the prompts below.

Practice 2 Practice 2 Change the direct questions below to embedded questions. Use wh- question words

Example:

How does she carry all those plates?

I don’t know …

how she

how

she carries

carries all

all those

those plates

plates.

I wonder… We’re not sure…

I don’t know… Can you tell me…

  • 1. What is the soup of the day?

  • 2. When will the food be ready?

  • 3. How did the chef make this?

  • 4. Who was your waitress?

  • 5. Where is the restroom?

She/He asked me… Do you know…

Practice 2 Practice 2 Change the direct questions below to embedded questions. Use wh- question words

Embedded Questions 4

Embedded Questions 4

We use if and whether (or not) to introduce embedded yes/no questions. If and whether (or
We use if and whether (or not) to introduce embedded
yes/no questions. If and whether (or not) are similar in
meaning and can often be used interchangeably.
I wonder whether whether (or (or not) not) I’m not sure ifif the the waiter waiter
I wonder whether
whether (or
(or not)
not)
I’m not sure ifif the
the waiter
waiter isis
we could get the bill.
Could we get the bill?
coming
coming back
back.
Is the waiter
coming back?

Practice 3

Practice 3

Change the direct questions to embedded questions. Use if, whether, or whether or not and the prompts below.

Practice 3 Practice 3 Change the direct questions to embedded questions. Use if , whether ,

Example: Is something burning?

I wonder… ifif something

something isis burning

burning.

I wonder… We’re not sure…

I don’t know… Can you tell me…

She/He asked me… Do you know…

  • 1. Do you accept credit cards?

  • 2. Is the soup spicy?

  • 3. Are there any lunch specials?

  • 4. Can we look at a menu?

  • 5. Did the waiter include a tip in the bill?

Practice 3 Practice 3 Change the direct questions to embedded questions. Use if , whether ,

References

References

References References Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.

Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education and its licensors. All rights reserved.