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Name, Event, Date

UNITROL 1010, UNITROL 1020


Product Overview
ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 1
Doc no. 3BHS360479 E01 Rev. B

Agenda

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 2

Excitation refresh

UNITROL 1000 family

Block diagram and main technical data

Supply modes

Software functions

CMT1000 software (commissioning and maintenance tool)

Scope of supply

Components around the AVR

UNITROL 1000 history

Excitation refresh
Automatic voltage regulator (AVR)
System duties

Provide variable DC current with short


time overload capability

Control of generator terminal voltage


with suitable accuracy

Ensure stable operation with network


and / or other machines

Keep machine within permissible


operating range

Contribute to transient stability


subsequent to a fault

Communicate with the power plant


control system

AVR

SES

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 3

UNITROL product family


Positioning UNITROL 1000

Functional requirements

Excitation with
rotating exciter (AVR)

Static excitation
system (SES)

UNITROL 6000

UNITROL 1000

Ifn

40 A

Excitation current / generator power


ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 4

>10,000 A

UNITROL 1000 product family


Applications

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 5

Power

Marine

Wind

Traction

UNITROL 1000 product family


Until end of 2011

UNITROL 1000-15

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 6

UNITROL 1000-PM40
Power module

UNITROL 1000-7

UNITROL 1000 product family


From February 2012

UNITROL 1010
UNITROL 1020
UNITROL 1000-PM40
(power module)
ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 7

UNITROL 1000 product family


Hardware overview
*) Ie > 15 A requires
external capacitor

UNITROL 1010

UNITROL 1020

Excitation current
at 55 C

10 A cont.
20 A ceiling

20 A cont. *
38 A ceiling

Aux power supply

YES

YES

Panel

NO

YES

8 digital I/Os
4 digital input
3 analog inputs
2 analog outputs

8 digital I/Os
4 digital input
3 analog inputs
2 analog outputs

USB
RS485
Ethernet
(CAN)

USB
RS485
Ethernet
(CAN)

IP20
Low module height

IP20

I/Os

Interfaces

Mechanicals

Mounted inside generator

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 8

Mounted inside generator

UNITROL 1000 product family


Software overview

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 9

Option

Power system stabilizer


(PSS)

FULL + PSS

Synchronization (SYNC)
Event logger
Data logger
Real-time clock
SNTP time synchronization

FULL

FULL

BASIC + SYNC

Modbus TCP
Rotating diode monitoring
Input for closed loop contr.
VDC mode
Dual channel / monitoring

UNITROL
1020

BASIC

BASIC

BASIC + SYNC

AVR/FCR/ PF/VAR
Limiters
Soft start
Voltage matching

BASIC

LIGHT

UNITROL
1010
LIGHT

Software functions

EXTENDED

UNITROL
1020

FULL
BASIC
LIGHT

Hardware / software functionality

UNITROL 1000 product family


UNITROL 1000 portfolio

(with panel)

UNITROL
1000PM40

UNITROL
1010
10 A

20 A

40 A

Excitation current
ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 10

Block diagram and main technical data


Device overview

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 11

IP 20 housing

Robust mechanical design

Spring tension terminals for power and


measurement

Plug-in terminal blocks for digital and


analog I/Os

CAN and RS485

Ethernet

3 status LEDs

Industrial USB

Local human machine interface

Block diagram and main technical data


Block diagram

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 12

Block diagram and main technical data


Technical data

Large supply voltage range


9 300 VAC 3-phase (min. to max. )
16 300 VAC 1-phase (min. to max. )
18 420 VDC (min. to max. )

Nominal voltage must not exceed 250 VAC

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 13

Power electronics supply 0 300 VAC or 0 420 VDC

Excitation output 20 ADC cont. 38 ADC 10 sec

3-phase or single phase stator voltage measurement up 450 VAC

Single phase current measurement (1 to 5 A)

Single phase measurement of line voltage for synchronization


up 450 VAC

Measurement accuracy 0.1%

Control accuracy typically < 0.5% (depending on Vp)

AVR response time

Excitation current above 15 A requires external capacitor

< 20 ms with 3 phase measurement


< 50 ms with 1 phase measurement

Supply modes
PMG or AUX winding supplied

AVR

UNITROL 1000
AVR System

PMG

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 14

SM

Supply modes
Externally supplied

External power supply


AVR

UNITROL 1000

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 15

Supply modes
Shunt supplied

AVR

UNITROL 1000

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 16

Supply modes
Shunt supplied with AC boost

AVR

Boost for short


circuit support
UNITROL 1000
boost

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 17

Supply modes
Shunt supplied with DC boost

AVR

Boost for short


circuit support
UNITROL 1000

Station
battery

boost

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 18

Supply modes
Shunt supplied with DC or AC boost at AVR input

AVR

Station
battery

UNITROL 1000
Voltage
relay

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 19

Supply modes
DC-Exciter supplied
Retrofitting systems
with DC Exciter
machines

AVR

UNITROL 1000
Start

+
SM

=
-

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 20

Supply modes
Calulating kceiling for UNITROL 1000
Internal DC voltage:
UDC = Ue max.
= kceiling * Ue no load
= 10 * 16.4 V = 164 VDC

3 phase PMG
AVR

UPMG= (UDC + 8) /1.35


UPMG= 127 VAC

UNITROL 1000

PMG

SM

Excitation voltage:

kceiling = Ue max. / Ue no load


ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 21

kceiling= 510 15

Ue no load = 16.4 V

Supply modes
Bad example kceiling for UNITROL 1000-15
Internal DC voltage:
UDC = 220 V x 1.35 8 V
= 289 VDC

Generator voltage
after switching on
excitation

PWM: 2% to 98%
AVR

36.6% / 2.4 kV
UN 1000

6.6 kV nominal
PMG

SM

Excitation voltage:
Min / max.: 6 V / 283 V

3 x 220 VAC

Ue no load: 16.4 V
ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 22

kceiling = 17.4

Supply modes
Bad example kceiling for UNITROL 1020
Internal DC voltage:
UDC = 220 V x 1.35 - 8V
= 289 VDC

Generator voltage
after switching on
excitation

PWM: 0.5% to 99%


AVR

9.2% / 0.6 kV
UN 1000

6.6 kV nominal
PMG

SM

Excitation voltage:
Min. / max.: 1.5V / 286 V

3 x 220 VAC

Ue noload: 16.4 V
ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 23

kceiling = 17.4

Software functions
LIGHT package (1/3)

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 24

Start up functions

Soft start

Field flashing off / voltage relay function

Fast line voltage matching

Regulator modes

Voltage control mode with PID control algorithm

Power factor controller with PID control algorithm

Reactive power (VAR) controller with PID control


algorithm

Excitation current controller (manual control) with PID


control algorithm

Software functions
LIGHT package (2/3)

Limiters

V/Hz limiter

Minimum excitation current limiter

Underexcited reactive current limiter as a function of


active power (P/Q)

Three step delayed maximum excitation current limiter,


generator cooling media temperature depending

Stator current limiter, generator cooling media


temperature dependent

Machine voltage min. / max. limiters


(Only used in PF/VAR mode)

Power chart

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 25

Power chart with operational limits

max. field current


limiter
min. field current
limiter
underexcitation
P,Q limiter
max. stator
current limiter

-Q

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 26

1/Xd

+Q

Software functions
LIGHT package (3/3)

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 27

Network short circuit support functions

Boost function

Fault ride-through (FRT) detection

Commissioning

Open loop control of output voltage for test purposes

Built-in step test function for regulator tuning, together with


CMT1000

Software functions
BASIC package (1/3)

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 28

Modbus TCP (Ethernet) / RTU (RS485)

Access to all measurement status information and


parameters

Remote control, alternative for digital I/Os

Easy extension of I/Os

Rotating diode monitoring

Voltage droop compensation (VDC) mode for island


operation See more information

Reactive load sharing at constant bus bar voltage

Up to 31 machines

Support for 2 tie breaker or ring structure

Analog input from superimposed regulator to summing


point of voltage regulator

Voltage droop compensation (VDC)


VDC principles
Load A

Load B

U = 100 %

SM

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 29

RS-485

AVR 1

SM

AVR 2

SM

AVR 3

SM

AVR 4

Reactive load sharing at constant bus bar voltage

Fix to 100% in range of min. / max. VAR set point

Outside min. / max. VAR set point in static droop mode

Interaction between units based on digital serial bus


communication RS485

Up to 31 machines

Only for island operation

Voltage droop compensation (VDC)


VDC for bus bar with 2 tie breaker

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 30

Status of generator breaker defines whether AVR is joining


load sharing

Tie breaker status is routed to every AVR to define load


sharing groups

Voltage droop compensation (VDC)


VDC for ring structure

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 31

Based on segments, max 6 segments

Tie breaker status only wired inside segment

Status of local tie breaker is send over


RS485 to other AVRs

Algorithm defines which AVRs are on the


same bus

Software functions
BASIC package (2/3)

Monitoring / protection functions

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 32

Device supervision functions grouped to 2 supervision


alarm signals /1 trip output

Watchdog / communication / PT / CT

PWM (excessive excitation / loss of excitation)

DSP temperature / control supply voltage / digital


output

External monitoring functions grouped to 2 monitor


alarm signals

Rotating diode monitoring RDM

Generator voltage (min. / max.)

Excitation current (max.)

Software functions
BASIC package (3/3)

Auto / manual switch over

Dual channel functions

Setpoint follow up of second channel over CAN

Blocking of channel switch over in case of redundant


channel failure

Configurable switch over logic

Internal trip logic

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 33

Configurable forcing to manual mode

Configurable forcing excitation off (trip)

Software functions
FULL package (1/1)

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 34

Automatic synchronizing

Generating close command for GCB (breaker closing


time as parameter)

Analog output or higher / lower pulses to governor

Dead bus synchronizing

Real time clock, time synchronizing over SNTP server

Event logging, up to 500 events

Data logger

Up to 10 data logs, each containing 12 signals with


2,000 samples (5 signals free configurable)

Sampling time between 10ms and 500ms

Configurable triggering (event)

Software functions
Options and further developments

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 35

Power system stabilizer (IEEE PSS2A/2B, optional)

Injection points for frequency, active power and input of


lead lag filter

2 configurable test points for CMT1000 and external


measurement devices

Future development (not yet scheduled)

Profinet I/O interface

Line charging

CMT1000 software
Benefits
User-friendly
tool for all
UNITROL 1000
products

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 36

Intuitive commissioning and maintenance tool


Easy to learn how to operate

Build-in step and real time recording functions


No additional measuring devices needed

Extended debug functions


Fast commissioning and trouble shooting
Enables precise and focused remote support

CMT1000 software
Intuitive I/O setup windows

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 37

Digital I/O

Input / output

Select signal with drop down menu

Select polarity

Green LED terminal voltage is high

Analog input

Select signal with drop down menu

Select scaling

Terminal voltage directly shown

CMT1000 software
Supervision functions

Configure digital outputs

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 38

2 alarms / 2 trip

Supervision functions
Active and latched status

Watchdog / comm.

PT/CT monitoring

Excitation power output

Temperature

Internal power supply

Digital output

External monitoring functions

CMT1000 software
Step function and real time recording

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 39

Step function

All regulator modes

Define step size

Down or up (10 sec)

Real time recording

Simultaneously 16 signals recorded


(50ms)

Additional status information like


modes, I/Os, limiters

Save waveform to PC

CMT1000 software
Required data for remote support

Single line diagram

Parameter file

Waveform file of oscilloscope

Analyzing of waveform files, CMT in offline

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 40

Load parameter file and open waveform file

All other CMT windows are following cursor A

Measuring window

PQ-diagram

Adjust setpoint window

I/O setup windows

Scope of delivery
Coming with every unit on a CD

CMT1000

PID tuning tool

Interactive learning of

Excitation basics

UNITROL 1010 / 1020 functions and features

Module interfaces

Manuals

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 41

Optimize PID setting for stable and reliable


operation

E-learning

Easy to use commissioning tool

Presently available in English, French, Spanish


and German

UNITROL 1000 product family


Scope of delivery
Models:

Commissioning

IEEE; Matlab /
Simulink; Power
Factory

Project specific
engineering
Standard application

Grid code
studies

solutions

Training

UNITROL 1000

Commissioning
and maintenance
Worldwide
tools
24h support

Simulation
models

Life cycle management


ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 42

R&D
customer
specific
Repair and
analysis

UNITROL 1000 product family


Scope of delivery
Models:

Commissioning

IEEE; Matlab /
Simulink; Power
Factory

Project specific
engineering
Standard application

Grid code
studies

solutions

Training

UNITROL 1000

Commissioning
and maintenance
Worldwide
tools
24h support

Simulation
models

Life cycle management


ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 43

R&D
customer
specific
Repair and
analysis

Components around the AVR


UNITROL 1000 systems

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 44

Engineered solutions

Single / dual channel

Protection breaker

Field breaker

Galvanic insulated I/O

Excitation transformer

Cubical solutions

Ask our experts for:

Multiple power input sources

Synchronization

I/O extension

See ABB standard drawings

Components around the AVR


UNITROL 1020, 1 channel system

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 45

Components around the AVR


UNITROL 1020, 2 channel system

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 46

Excitation systems, components around the AVR


UNITROL 1020, 2 channel system

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 47

Excitation systems, components around the AVR


UNITROL 1010, 2 channel traction design

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 48

Traction approved components

Vibration proved mechanical design

Variable speed application


(30 Hz to 90 Hz)

Shunt supply + DC for start up

Input voltage 60 VAC to 180 VAC

Load: Traction converter


(High harmonics)

AVR specific functions:

Dynamically V/Hz limiter

Adaptable kceiling depending on


input voltage

UNITROL 1000 history


Rising success

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 49

UNITROL 1000 history


Main development steps of hardware devices

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 50

2000: UNITROL 1000 version 1

2003: UNITROL 1000 version 4

2004: UL certification

2004: UNITROL 1000-PM40

2006: UNITROL 1000-7

2012: UNITROL 1010 and UNITROL 1020

UNITROL 1000 history


Development of software features
Year
2000

2003

2004

Software features UNITROL 1000-15 and UNITROL 1000-7


Release 3/
PC tool

Synchronization

Release 4.1/
CMT tool

Upgrade to 150 MHz DSP / code written in C

Release 4.2

PSS / improvement of RS485 synchronization

Reactive load sharing

Adding diode monitoring

Protection of calibration data

2005

Release 4.3

Support of UNITROL 1000-7


Modbus on RS485
Limiter blocking during soft start

2006

Release 4.4

CMT recognizes older CMT version


Scaling of voltage measurement, improvement of frequency
measurement at start up

2009

Release 5.0

CMT 1000, OFFLINE / MONITOR / CONTROL mode


Modbus on RS232, enabled for Modbus TCP with gateway
Double channel system based on configurable monitoring functions

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 51

UNITROL 1000 history


Delivered UNITROL 1000
2000
1800
1600

1400
1200
UN1020
UN1010

1000

UN1k-7
UN1k-15

800
600
400
200
0
2000

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 52

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

ABB Group
June 8, 2012 | Slide 53