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Essay Topic

In the future, it seems like it would be more difficult to live on Earth. Some people think more
money should be spent on researching other planets to live on, such as Mars. To what extent do you agree or
disagree with this statement?
Answer

Earth is a remarkable planet, considering that it is the only known planet to harbor sentient life.
Humans are the dominant inhabitants of this planet, with populations that span the entire globe. However, it
is forecasted that humans cannot continue living on as is, as certain problems such as overcrowding, lack of
resources, pollution, and climate change could pose significant obstacles to our existence on Earth.
Therefore, it has been argued that other planets should be researched with higher fundings, in hopes of
finding one that is suitable for human migration there. Personally, I wholeheartedly agree that such steps are
necessary, and through this essay I will detail why that is the case.
To begin with, it is true that money can be poured into certain steps that can be taken to mitigate the
potential negative consequences of humanity's continued development on Earth. Firstly, problems such as
environmental pollution and climate change can be overcame by strict regulations posed to restrict damages
to the Earth. For example, a major shift from utilizing non-renewable resources such as fossil fuels to
renewable ones such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power could drastically reduce pollution caused.
Many vehicles are now fitted with devices that can utilize such energy sources, as with buildings and other
artificial structures. Secondly, a drastic quota could be introduced to limit the amount of births allowable,
henceforth to limit or even reverse population growth, which would of course prevent overcrowding, and
free up valuable resources, such as land, food, and other commodities. As such, legislation enacted to utilize
'green' technology, along with restrictions on population growth has been often quoted by those who believe
in remaining on Earth.
In practice however, it is unlikely that the aforementioned regulations would be effective. Humans
value their freedom, along with benefits that would otherwise be limited by such regulations.
Environmentally-friendly commodities tend to be more expensive, hence would limit what is purchasable by
people. This is not to mention that a large sum of money would be required to continue inventing such
commodities as well, further destabilizing this as a potential solution. Limitations on population growth can
be a major question of ethics, when many would want to bear more than one child - or maybe even just one
child, depending on how strict the regulations would be. Therefore, it is more likely that the general
populace will rebel against the restrictions placed down, rendering them ineffective.
Being greedy creatures as humans are, it has been deemed to be better to just give in and not limit
humankind's spread. The only revision is that, rather than allowing the spread to occur on Earth, it would be
better to allow humans to expand across the universe. There are many potentially habitable planets, such as
Mars. The Red Planet as is already has great potential, and terraforming technologies are already being
developed and tested, to allow humanity's colonization of such planets. The atmospheric conditions,
temperature, and even the solid compositions of other planets can be altered to be suitable for human
habitation. If more funding is provided, such research can be hastened. Alternatively, even if humans cannot
live within the atmospheres of such planets directly, it is possible to set up restricted habitable zones that
emulate Earth's conditions. Plenty of research has been undergone in this field of work, and hence again,
more money would be highly beneficial. Whilst it had been argued that such zones can also be established
on Earth if conditions were to drastically deteriorate, the fact of the matter is that absolutely nothing can
solve the issue of population growth, except to expand the potential zones of habitation for new citizens, and
the only way that could happen is to expand beyond Earth.
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In conclusion, it is not feasible to continue humanity's existence on Earth, even if it has sustained
human life since ages bygone. It is impossible to fully solve the issues that is, and will soon more so plague
humans. Instead, as a species, humanity will have to look to the stars and expand their horizons, literally.
That is the only way that humankind's population growth can be sustained. Thus, in this context, more
money should definitely be spent on researching new planets, such as Mars or similar.
(WC: 710)
(Time Spent: 35 minutes)

Answer 2016 The IELTS Guy


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