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Equipment for Engineering Education

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HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds
Demonstrator

G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH


P.O. Box 1125
D-22881 Barsbttel Germany
Phone (040) 670854-0
Fax
(040) 670854-41

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus

Test Instructions

Publication no.: 917.00018A15012

09/99

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

Table of Contents
1

Unit description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Preparing and installing the unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

Performing the experiment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


3.1

Experiments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
1

Unit description
The unit is intended for investigating and visualising the Osborne Reynolds experiments.
The test setup allows laminar and turbulent flow to
be demonstrated. The flow is made visible with an
ink trace in a transparent pipe section.

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

The unit essentially comprises:


4

Base plate [1] with the necessary connections for water supply [11] and waste water
discharge [10].

Water reservoir [2] with a ball block to stem


the flow [9].

Overflow section [3] to generate a constant


pressure level in the reservoir.

Aluminium well [4] for ink with metering tap


[5] and brass inflow tip [6].

Test pipe section [8] of Plexiglas with


flow-optimised inflow [7].

Drain cock [12] to adjust the flow through the


test pipe section.

6
2
3

7
9

11
10

12

To visualise the flow we recommend blue ink,


which is carefully introduced into the flowing water
by way of the aluminium well and the inflow tip. The
water supply can be realised with the HM150 fluid
technics base module. The flow rate is measured
by means of a measuring vessel or using HM150.

1 Unit description

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
2

Preparing and installing the unit


The following steps are required to commission
and prepare the unit for experimenting:

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

14

Place the unit on a bench or on the HM150. If


you are not using HM150, a permanent water
supply should be available close by.

Remove the lid [13] of the reservoir and place


the glass balls [9] in the reservoir as shown in
the illustration.
ATTENTION! No glass balls must fall into
the pipe section; close it off with an appropriate block !

Replace the reservoir lid, dampening the seal


ring (O-ring) [14] of the lid with water to do so.

Connect up the water by a hose.

Connect the waste water hoses to the drain


cock [12] and to the waste water connection
[10]. If you are using HM150, you can install the
unit so the waste water drains off directly into
the tank of the HM150.
The ink-contaminated water should not be allowed to run into the tank of the HM150.

Fill the aluminium well with ink. The ball cock


must be closed.

13

16

2 Preparing and installing the unit

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
3

Performing the experiment

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

10

Close the drain cock [12].

Switch on the water supply.


When using HM150, switch on the pump. Carefully open the ball cock above the pump, or
the laboratory water tap as appropriate.

Adjust the tap to produce a constant water level


in the reservoir.

After a time the test pipe section [8] is completely filled.

12

Water level

The experiment can begin.


Open the drain cock slightly to produce a low rate
of flow into the test pipe section. The coloured
waste water is best directed down the drain.

3 Performing the experiment

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
3.1

Experiments
The aim of this setup is to demonstrate laminar and
turbulent flow.
At a low flow rate laminar flow occurs.

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

To produce a low flow, open the drain cock slightly.

Blue ink is used to visualise the flow. A fine blue


thread of stream indicating the laminar flow can be
produced using the metering tap [9].
At a high flow rate turbulent flow occurs.
To produce a high flow, open the drain cock wider.
The thread of stream is broken up in turbulent flow.

The flow changes from laminar to turbulent when:


Rekr 2300
Relam. 2300 means laminar flow
Retur. 2300 means turbulent flow

The Reynolds number is calculated from


Thread of stream

Re =

wd

where

d= inside diameter of pipe section [m]


w= flow rate [m/s]
= viscosity of the medium [m2/s,]
water: = 1 10 6 [m2/s]

3 Performing the experiment

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
The flow rate can be calculated from the volume
flow, which is determined with a measuring vessel
and a stopwatch.
.
V
w= A

A=

d2
4

diameter of pipe: d = 10mm = 0,01m


.
V= Volume flow
All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

A= Cross-sectional area of the pipe


The diagram below shows the three flow states:

Relam. 2300
laminar

3 Performing the experiment

Laminar flow

Transition laminar/turbulent flow

Turbulent flow

Rekr 2300
critical

Retur. 2300
turbulent

HM150.18 Osborne Reynolds


Demonstration Apparatus
4

Technical data
Reservoir:
Test pipe section:
Inside diameter:
Length:

3.5

litres

10
700

mm
mm

Ink well:

270

ml

All rights reserved G.U.N.T. Gertebau GmbH, Barsbttel, Germany, 09/99

Main dimensions:
Weight:

4 Technical data

450 x 400 x 1400


32

mm
kg