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Redes de transporte para Mviles

Aplicaciones de Redes IP/MPLS multiservicio

Javier Martin Rodriguez


Alcatel-Lucent Espaa
Enero, 2009

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2006, #####

Agenda

1. Introduccin
2. Servicios de red sobre redes IP/MPLS
3. Agregacin de RAN con Service routing
4. Agregacin de Femto Celdas
5. Evolucin del Core de transporte en redes mviles (Concpeto y
arquitectura de CPN Convergent Packet network)
6. Agregacin y core para LTE

2 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Introduccin

3 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Creciente impacto en la red

La creciente sofisticacin de los servicios exige una transformacin de la red


Servicios
Futuros

Hoy

Servicios
Integrados
Servicios
Avanzados
Servicios
Convergentes
Paquetes
comerciales

Creciente sofisticacin de los servicios

Servicios personalizados
Calidad de Experiencia de usuario
Time-to-market

4 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Con un ptimo
coste total de
propiedad

La visin de Alcatel-Lucent sobre las tendencias tecnolgicas


Hogar digital

Quad-play con femto-celdas


Gestin remota

DISEO
E
INTEGRACIN

Acceso inalmbrico

Acceso radio multi-standard


Nuevos conceptos de antenas (MIMO..)

Acceso fijo y mvil banda ancha


ADSL, VDSL, GPON, HSPA, HSPA+, LTE

Redes IP unificadas fijo y mvil


EXTREMO
A
EXTREMO

Agregacin y routing orientado a servicios


Deep Packet Inspection

Funciones especficas de Vdeo


Fast Channel Change
Insercin de publicidad

Redes pticas

Transporte de 40 y en el futuro 100 Gbit/s


ptica flexible, transporte IP

Nueva arquitectura de servicios

IMS
Entornos de Desarrollo de Servicios (SDE)

5 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

La transformacin de la red:
Acceso de alta capacidad, wireless universal y todo IP
Creciente diversidad en dispositivos y servicios
finales: multimedia, ocio, negocios

Multitud de aplicaciones y servidores


Importancia creciente del papel de integrador

Acceso de muy alta


capacidad

GPON

VoD

BTV
Servicios

Femto

Internet

VoIP/IMS

Video

ISAM
DSL

IP/MPLS

VoIP/IMS
Agregacin
Eth/MPLS

Internet

Routers de
Servicios

Core ptico

Radio Multi Standard


SDR y BSR plug and connect

Femto

Cobertura interior,
nodos domsticos femto-celdas

6 | Transporte NG en Redes

Reduccin de las diferencias


entre acceso fijo y mvil

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Capacidad Terabits
Alta disponibilidad, flexibilidad
y eficiencia en coste

Industry Drivers
Cost Pressures from Broadband Mobile Traffic Mandate Evolution to All-IP

Increase in consumer demand for services


voice, data, videoon the go

ARPU decreasing for voice, increasing with


data--trending in some countries flat to
negative as bandwidth demands increase

h
dt
i
w

nd
a
lB
a
t
To
Total ARPU

Revenue

New broadband mobile services require


increased capacity, robust quality, with
optimal consumer experience

Worldwide ARPU composition

Mobile Service providers must evolve to


realize the reduced costs, efficiencies
and quality of an all-IP network

Time
Voice Monthly ARPU Mobile Data Monthly ARPU
Source: Alcatel-Lucent Corporate Strategy

Global Subscriber Forecast ~5B by 2011,


CAGR 06-11 = 11%
Source:
Source: Alcatel-Lucent
Alcatel-Lucent Corporate
Corporate Strategy
Strategy July
July 2007
2007

7 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

META Enables Mobile Evolution to all-IP

CircuitSwitched
Backbone

NGN Packet
Transport

IP/MPLS
Backbone

IMS
Multimedia

Staged Evolution with


High Availability

Dedicated 2G,
3G backhaul
networks

H-QoS

Services

Management

Hybrid
backhaul Pseudowires
for
HSPA
legacy
offload

8 | Transporte NG en Redes

OAM

Pico/Femto
cells
(3G scalability)

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Overlay Networks for 2G/3G are too Costly, Complex and Dont Scale
Internet

PSTN

Separate TDM/Data
core transport

MSC/MGW
TDM, Optical

SGSN

CORE

FR, IP

BSC/RNC
TDM,
Optical

T1/E
1
BTS/
NodeB

WiMAX

TDM (3G)
Leased Lines

ATM
Backhaul

PDSN/
GGSN

AGGREGATION
ACCESS
xDSL

NxT1/E
1
IMA

Eth->T1/E1
Mapping

Costly dedicated lines do


not allow resource sharing

Overlay Networks with


separate mgmt.

BTS/
Node B

PDH/SDH
Microwave

BTS/
Node B

SHDSL

Issues:
Does not scale: Overlay TDM, ATM and DSL networks dont cost effectively scale to meet
capacity requirements

Not efficient: Under utilization of costly TDM access links, increasing operating
expenses--ATM aggregation is efficient but costly

Costly and complex: Complex operator integration of varied backhaul technologies for
End-to-end provisioning, OAM and QoS

9 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

Efficient Evolution to all-IP with Alcatel-Lucents


Mobile Evolution Transport Architecture
IP/MPLS adds
scalability and QoS
from core to cell site

IMS

PSTN

Internet

MTSO

End-to-end Network and


Service
Management

CORE

IP/MPLS and
Optical Core

Optical, Microwave,
or IP/MPLS Backhaul

AGGREGATION
ACCESS
Optical
IP/MPLS
Microwave
DSL/GPON
Integrated Mobile

TDM/Ethernet/IP

7750 SR / 1850 TSS / 16xx

Any BTS

Any BTS

7710/7750 SR /7670 RSP,


1850 TSS/166x, MDR 8000 or 9600 LSY

Support of multigenerational
wireless networks

1850 TSS-5 / 16xx / 7705 SAR / 9500 MPR /


7342 ISAM / 7302 ISAM / IMTA

META Benefits:

Flexibility to Pay as You Grow: Leverages existing infrastructure evolves to all-IP at the pace of customer
demand with the QoS required.
Network Convergence: Evolves existing networks onto converged packet networks.
Highly integrated solution: Reduces OPEX, increases scalability and availability, end-to-end OAM and
enables broadband service delivery over any mediafiber, copper, wireless.

44% Cost Reduction over 5 years*


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

10 | Transporte NG en Redes

*Based on Bell Labs Modeling comparing Evolved Backhaul vs. Leased Lines

Mecanismos tradicionales de transporte de redes de datos

Lineas Alquiladas
El cliente obtiene enlaces punto a punto
dedicados
Alto coste de alquiler

TDM
Network

Servicios ATM y FR
Sistemas portadores sobre infrastructura
compartida entre clientes
Alternativa ms econmica a las lneas
alquiladas

11 | Transporte NG en Redes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

FR/ATM
Network

MPLS como mecanismo de transporte, adaptacin, redundancia e


ingeniera de capas de nivel 2
MPLS posibilita el transporte de trficos de
cualquier tipo sobre la red (IP, ATM, TDM,
Ethernet...)

IP+MPLS
MPLS Tunnel
Label

Service
Demux Field

Customer
Ethernet
Packet

Los paquetes, tramas o celdas de cliente son


encapsulados en LSPs extremo a extremo
MPLS incorpora mecanismos de ingeniera de
trfico para optimizar el uso de recursos en la red
y proporcionar mecanismos de redundancia de
enlaces rpidos
Basndose en MPLS se han desarrollado lgicas de
VPN de L2 y L3

t
rne
Ethe
t
rne
Ethe
t
rne
Ethe

MPLS proporciona las marcas de QoS para ser


aprovechadas en funcin de la potencia de los
nodos de red
t
rne
Ethe rnet
e
h
Et
t
rne
Ethe

el
Tunnnel
IP+MPLS
Tun el
Tunn

el
IP+MPLS
Tunn

t
rne
Ethe
t
rne
Ethe
t
rne
Ethe

t
rne
Ethe
ATM
TDM

MPLS
MPLSNO
NOes
essuficiente
suficientepara
paraproporcionar
proporcionarQoS
QoSpor
porelelmismo.
mismo.
Los
Losmecanismos
mecanismosde
deQoS
QoS dependen
dependendel
delmotor
motorHW
HWyyrecursos
recursosdedidados
dedidadosaaSLAs
SLAs
(TECNOLOGA)
(TECNOLOGA)sobre
sobrelos
losque
quese
seconstruya
construyalalared
red
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

12 | Transporte NG en Redes

MPLS revoluciona el mundo de las VPNs


Servicios posibles con MPLS
PE B
ATM
Service

Virtual Leased Line

(Draft-martini; PWE3)
Servicios punto a punto Ethernet, FR, ATM, y TDM
La red de paquetes es transparente al abonado

PE C

PE A

IP / MPLS
Network
FR
Service

Ethernet
Service
PE D

IP VPN

PE B

(RFC 2547bis)
Servicio de outsourcing de routing
Virtualizacin a nivel IP

R
R

PE C

VPRN
SERVICE 1

VPRN
SERVICE 2

IP/MPLS
Network

PE A

R
R
R
PE D

VIRTUAL
ROUTER

VPLS

PE B

(RFC-4762- antiguo draft-lasserre-vkompella)


Servicio Ethernet multipunto

Una red, todos los servicios

B B

PE A

PE C

B
B
IP / MPLS
Network

B
PE D

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13 | Transporte NG en Redes

VPLS
Service
VPLS
Service

VIRTUAL
BRIDGE

Servicios sobre Ethernet


Escalabilidad

Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR


Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR
MPLS/VPLS Ofrece una escalabilidad mucho mayor

Servicios

MPLS ofrece un aislamiento que permite alcanzar decenas de miles de servicios y


clientes

Ethernet Service
Switch
Service Router
Nuevos
Servicios

MPLS elimina la necesidad de utilizar Spanning Tree


Las direcciones MAC de clientes no se aprenden en el core de la red
Given the limitations of Spanning Tree implementations, various MPLS techniques
currently in draft within the IETF hold promise as long-term scalable solutions
that maximize network resource utilization Metro Ethernet Forum(Agosto 2003).

SLAs por
cliente

Switch Ethernet
Tradicional

Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales


Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales
Bridging Nivel 2 pierde economa de escala
Lmites de 4.000 VLANs y soluciones alternativas (apilamiento) propietarias

Fiabilidad

Spanning Tree no funciona en redes grandes


Todas las direcciones MAC de todos los clientes en todos los equipos

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

14 | Transporte NG en Redes

Servicios sobre Ethernet


Rendimiento y Fiabilidad

Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR


Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR
Rendimiento superior y predecible
Restauracin ante fallos en 50m/s failover, incluso con miles de clientes y servicios

Servicios

Utilizacin de Ingeniera de Trfico MPLS para mejor utilizacin de los recursos

Ethernet Service
Switch
Service Router

previniendo la congestin

Nuevos
Servicios
SLAs por
cliente

Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales


Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales
Impredecible
La convergencia de Spanning Tree depende de la topologa del tamao de las tablas

Switch Ethernet
Tradicional

de direcciones entre unos pocos segundos y minutos

Fiabilidad

Imposible mantener la QoS durante la restauracin

Las topologas basadas en Spanning Tree no permiten optimizar el camino entre dos
puntos. Esto hace impredecible el retardo y jitter en topologas de red grandes.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

15 | Transporte NG en Redes

Servicios sobre Ethernet


Garanta de SLAs

Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR


Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR
Cumplimiento de SLAs Garantizado
Arquitectura determinista, orientada a conexin

Servicios

Mecanismos flexibles y potentes de H-QoS para ofrecer SLAs por cada cliente y

Ethernet Service
Switch
Service Router

servicio
Clara diferenciacin entre servicios que permite venderlos de manera independiente

Nuevos
Servicios
SLAs por
cliente

Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales


Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales
Switch Ethernet
Tradicional

Posibilidades de SLAs limitadas


Comportamiento no determinista, con mecanismos QoS de nivel 2 poco predecibles
Mecanismos de QoS locales en cada nodo, no extremo a extremo

Fiabilidad

Problemas con el tratamiento de trficos sensibles al retardo

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

16 | Transporte NG en Redes

Servicios sobre Ethernet


Control de Servicios

Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR


Alcatel 7450 ESS / Alcatel 7750 SR
Herramientas OA&M reducen OPEX

Servicios

Herramientas de deteccin y diagnstico de fallos extremo a extremo. Simplifican y

Ethernet Service
Switch
Service Router
Nuevos
Servicios

agilizan la supervisin y troubleshooting reduciendo costes


Registros detallados de Tarificacin por cliente y servicio
Provisin de servicios Ethernet basada en modelos de provisin ATM/Frame Relay con
concepto de servicio extremo a extremo

SLAs por
cliente

Switch Ethernet
Tradicional

Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales


Switches Ethernet y Routers Tradicionales
Herramientas OA&M limitadas
Provisin de conectividad elemento a elemento, sin visibilidad extremo a extremo

Fiabilidad

Troubleshooting lento y costoso por no disponer de herramientas eficaces

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

17 | Transporte NG en Redes

Transporte Ethernet
Soporte de Servicios
Ethernet aparece como tecnologa de transporte y soporte de servicios
Incrementa significativamente la flexibilidad
Tecnologa amigable Plug & Play
CPE de bajo coste
Transporte de trfico multiservicio (ideal para agrupacin de servicios)
Capacidades de incremento de ancho de banda (liquid bandwidth)
La pregunta que se planteaba hasta hace poco era:
Es Ethernet capaz de soportar Carrier Class?

La respuesta es S!
Gracias a MPLS.
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

18 | Transporte NG en Redes

Servicios basados en MPLS

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

19 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing


Servicio de Lnea Virtual Alquilada (VLL)

Servicio tradicional de linea alquilada


tipo: Ethernet, ATM, FR y TDM
> Combinacin de tipos de acceso en
los extremos
>

FW/NAT Router Borde Internet


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20 | Transporte NG en Redes

Pseudowire (PW)
Encapsulado

Pila etiquetas MPLS


Tnel MPLS PSN
identificado por
etiqueta externa

PSN Transport Header

Etiq. Ext

Pseudo-wire Header

Etiq. Int

Control Word (sequencing


& protocol info)

Conexin de N-2
ej. VLAN Ethernet

Layer 1/2 Payload

IP/MPLS

Pseudo-wire identificado
por etiqueta interna

PSN Tunnel

L2

PE

PE

Pseudo-wire

conexin o port
transportado sobre el pseudowire

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

21 | Transporte NG en Redes

L2

Pseudowire (PW)
Encapsulado

Optional
Flags

Paquete MPLS
Ethernet
Header

MPLS
SW label

Service
VC-Label

Control
Word

Service Packet
(Ethernet frame)

Martini
Encapsulation

Trfico de cliente
Identificador de servicio
(utilizado por el PE)
Conmutado en la red
del proveedor
Conexiones locales dentro de la red del proveedor

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

22 | Transporte NG en Redes

Eth
Trailer

Pseudowires MPLS
Transporte Multiservicio
Ethernet UNI

FR/ATM UNI

Ethernet UNI
Ethernet UNI

ATM UNI

Red MPLS
FR UNI

Ethernet PW
ATM UNI

IP PW
ATM UNI

FR PW
ATM PW
FR UNI

TDM PW

Service
Router

ATM UNI

ATM

LSP

Service
Router

TDM

Transporte de cualquier servicio sobre una red MPLS


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

23 | Transporte NG en Redes

TDM

Pseudowires MPLS
Any Media en la primera milla: Foco en la radio de microondas
Diferenciador especfico de Alcatel-Lucent Integracin en la solucin de
Service Routing de radio microondas de paquetes.
Integracin por radio de accesos Ethernet, TDM ATM en los troncales IP/MPLS.

7750/
7710SR

Packet
Microwave Network

MPLS
Metro Network
7705 SAR
Hub (PoC 3)site

9500 MPR
Microwave leaf site

BSC

RNC
MTSO

Common
Packet Microwave
Radio Support
End-to-End Packetization
and Management

Lo mejor de los dos mundos: Integracin de Microondas y solucin de Routing integrados


extremo a extremo en servicios y sobre la misma plataforma de gestin (ALU 5620 SAM)
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

24 | Transporte NG en Redes

Pseudowires MPLS
Redundancia de nodo para servicios punto a punto Ethernet (EPIPE)

MC-LAG
near-end- SAP
redundancy

Redundant
PWs
SAP

Access
Node

Access
Node
Optional
ICB Spoke-SDP

7x50

7x50

EPIPE is point-to-point service


Building e2e redundancy requires 2 independent e2e paths
Main building blocks:
MC-LAG

Provides access redundancy

Active/standby PW

Provides point-to-point (but redundant) path between set of PEs

Inter-Chassis Back-up (ICB) spoke-sdp

MC-LAG
near-endredundancy

Provides faster recovery for in-flight packets

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

25 | Transporte NG en Redes

EPIPE e2e Redundancy


Operation
3

e2e
e2epath
pathisisestablished
established

Active
Active

Access
Node

Standby

Standby

Active

Standby

Standby

Active
Active

Standby
T-LDP

2
T-LDP
T-LDPsession
sessionsignal
signalaccess
accesscircuit
circuitstatus
status
1
MC-LAG
MC-LAGdefines
definesactive/standby
active/standbystatus
status
based
basedon
onselection
selectioncriteria
criteria

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

26 | Transporte NG en Redes

Standby

Active

Access
Node

Alcatel Service Routing


Servicio LAN Privada Virtual (VPLS)

>

VPLS (Virtual Private LAN Service) es un tipo de VPN que


permite conectar mltiples sedes en un nico dominio de
bridging a travs de una red IP/MPLS

PE B

Para el cliente, sus sedes


estn conectadas a un
nico conmutador virtual

Servicio
VPLS

Full Mesh
GRE/LSP

PE C

PE A

El proveedor utiliza la
infraestructura IP/MPLS
para ofrecer este y otros
servicios

Red
IP/MPLS

El proveedor define una


velocidad en cada acceso
a la VPLS

PE D

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

27 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel Service Routing


Servicio LAN Privada Virtual (VPLS)

VPLS como servicio de Interconexin

Branch Office

de Routers
Servicio bsico
Una direccin MAC por cada sede de cliente

Corporate HQ

VB

VB

VPL
S

Service Provider
Infrastructure

VPLS como Servicio de Interconexin de

VB

Switches ethernet

Branch Office

Limitacin de tamao de MAC-FIB, descarte


de desconocidos, deshabilitacin de
aprendizaje dinmico
Broadcast/Multicast Rate Limiting

Small Office
Small Office

Sin necesidad de utilizar STP en accesos


redundantes (M-VPLS, multi chasis LAG...)

VB

VB

VPL
S

Service Provider
Infrastructure

VB

Small Office

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

28 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel Service Routing


Servicio H-VPLS. Consideraciones de escalabilidad

Opciones de conexin de la MTU


VLAN, Stacked VLAN, MPLS LSP

Elimina la necesidad de utilizar full mesh


Reduce la carga de sealizacin
Simplifica el descubrimiento y provisin
MTU nicamente se relaciona con un PE
CE Routers
MTU

MTU

MTU

PE
MTU

PE

PE

PE

Spoke
VCs

MTU

VLANs,
Stacked
VLANs or
VC Labels

MTU
PE

PE

MTU

MTU
MTU

MTU

PE

MTU
Hub
VCs

MTU

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

29 | Transporte NG en Redes

MTU

PE
MTU

Alcatel Service Routing


Servicio VPLS jerrquico Inter-Metro y Malla Parcial

Permite extender contextos metropolitanos de manera sencilla,


sencilla,
transparente
transparente yy fiable
fiable independientemente de la topologa de
transporte sobre la que se sustente

Spoke

Spoke

Spoke

Spoke

Metro
IP / MPLS
Network

RED IP IP/MPLS
Spoke

Spoke
Spoke

Full
Mesh
Metro
IP / MPLS
Network

Full
Mesh

Tunel MPLS o GRE

Spoke

Spoke
Spoke

Spoke

Spoke
Spoke

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

30 | Transporte NG en Redes

Servicio de LAN privada virtual (VPLS)


Adaptacin a la topologa fsica
Los servicios VPLS y VLL se pueden adaptar a cualquier topologa fsica de red permitiendo
adaptar la topologa lgica del servicio al tipo de trfico que se va a manejar:
Punto a punto
Punto a multipunto
Multipunto a multipunto
Unicast, Multicast
Doble Estrella

Anillo
Malla

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

31 | Transporte NG en Redes

MC-LAG and VPLS Service

VPLS Service
SAP

MC-LAG
near-endredundancy
Access
Node

SAP

MC-LAG
near-endredundancy

Mesh
PWs

Access
Node

Access
Node

VPLS is point-to-multipoint service


e2e connectivity is based on MAC learning after switch over re-learn process is
triggered
LDP-MAC withdraw messages trigger re-learn process
No need for active/standby PWs

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

32 | Transporte NG en Redes

MC-LAG and VPLS


Operation
1
MC-LAG
MC-LAGdefines
definesactive/standby
active/standbystatus
status
based
basedon
onselection
selectioncriteria
criteria

Active

Standby

Standby
Access
Node

Active

Mesh
PWs

Access
Node

2
Learning
Learningprocess
processestablishes
establishese2e
e2econnectivity
connectivity

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

33 | Transporte NG en Redes

MC-LAG and VPLS


LAG link failure
2
Sends
SendsLDP
LDPaddress
addresswithdraw
withdrawmessage
messageto
toall
allpeers
peers
(so
called

forget
me
MAC-FLUSH)
(so called forget me MAC-FLUSH)

Active

Standby

Standby
Active
Access
Node

Active

Mesh
PWs

1
MC-LAG
MC-LAGperforms
performsswitch
switchover
over

Access
Node

3
Relearning process starts again
Relearning process starts again

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

34 | Transporte NG en Redes

NNI Network Layer Convergence


Deteccin de fallos Capas 1/2

En caso de modelar una red portadora, con


tributarios no transparentes, es necesario
un trigger para activar los tneles de
bypass (FRR)

IP/MPLS

Scenario 1:
directly attached

OAM o LOS para SDH/SONET, LOS o RDI para


Ethernet

Cuando se considere el uso de Ethernet


sobre SDH, es necesario tener en cuenta
las capacidades de la red portadora SDH:

Network Ports
OSPF/ISIS
MPLS

Si falla el tramo SDH, se deber desactivar el


lser de conexin al cliente (Gigabit Ethernet)
o generar un cdigo especial 8B/6T (Fast
Ethernet)
Hay que asegurar que el fallo en una conexin
local Ethernet (router a equipo SDH), se
propaga al extremo distante.

802.3ah/BFD

Scenario 2:
transmission attached

Network Ports
OSPF/ISIS
MPLS

M
S
P
P

802.3ah/BFD

Cuando no hay un disparador trigger


apropiado, considerar BFD/802.3ah

M
S
P
P

Puede adicionalmente ser un ltimo recurso


incluso con los mecanismos anteriores
disponibles

802.3ah/BFD

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

35 | Transporte NG en Redes

VPLS El estandar de facto para servicios carrier-class Ethernet


MPLS es la tecnologa predominante en los proveedores de servicios
Las soluciones MPLS son las que estn generando las principales
vas de negocio
Business VPNs Multi-service VLL, VPLS, IP VPN
Triple play
Mobile backhaul

Alta disponibilidad convergencia real sub-50ms


Ingeniera de Trfico, QoS, OA&M y un amplio abanico de opciones
de control de SLAs
VPLS hereda todas los beneficios de MPLS
Alcatel-Lucent es el lder de la VPLS basada en LDP
Mejor solucin de la indrustria para VPLS, innovadores tecnolgios
y lderes en estandarizacin.
Desplegada en redes de unos pocos a miles de nodos con centenas
de miles de servicios.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

36 | Transporte NG en Redes

VPLS

Alcatel-Lucent Service Routing 7710 SR y 7750 SR


Servicio Virtual Private Routed Network (VPRN)

VPRN es un tipo de VPN que permite la conexin de mltiples


en un
dependencias
El cliente percibe que
sus dominio IP, sobre la red MPLS del operador
sedes estn conectadas a un
dominio IP, en el que por cada
sede hay un router dedicado
del lado del operador
El operador utiliza su red
IP/MPLS para ofrecer mltiples
servicios a mltiples clientes

77x0 SR

VPRN Service
Red

1K a 10K VRFs
1 a 3 M Rutas

PE B
RI-1
RI-2

PE C

PE A

Sistema nicamente vlido


cuando es IP el protocolo a
transportar

RI-1

RI-1

RI-2

RI-2

IP / MPLS
Network

El operador participa del plan


de direccionamiento IP de los
clientes

RI-1

PE
RI-2

El operador puede, para


trficos de entrada y salida:
contabilizar y facturar,
conformar trfico a un patrn o
contrato y aplicar polticas

VPRN Service
Green

77x0 SR

Multicast en VPRN
draft Rosen
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

37 | Transporte NG en Redes

Qu es una Virtual Private Routed Network (VPRN) IP-VPN?


Una IP VPN es una interconexin de sitios sobre una red pblica de un proveedor
de servicios/operador.
PE

PE

CLE

CLE
CLE

VPRN #1

CLE

77x0SR

77x0SR
CLE

IP/MPLS
Backbone
VPRN #2

PE

PE
CLE

CLE

CLE

77x0SR

CLE

77x0SR

A las IP-VPNs tambin se las conoce como BGP/MPLS VPNs porque:


BGP se usa para distribuir la informacin de routing de la VPN sobre el backbone de la red
del operador
MPLS es el mecanismo de encapsulacin y virtualizacin usado para transportar el trfico
de cada VPN a travs de la red del operador.

RFC 4364 BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private Networks (reemplaza a la 2547bis)


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

38 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel Service Routing


Servicio Internet Enhanced Service (IES)

Acceso a Internet de altas prestaciones

1,2 Millones de rutas CIDR en la FIB desde una RDB de hasta 17 Millones

Gestin de ancho de banda por usuario y por destino accedido

Contabilidad y facturacin por usuario y destino accedido

Capacidad de aplicar miles de filtros de seguridad a velocidad de lnea

Uso tpico en entornos de Peeing BGP, NAP, etc..

RED IP/MPLS

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

39 | Transporte NG en Redes

Agregacin de RAN con Service Routing

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

40 | Transporte NG en Redes

Iub Transport Option ATM or IP

ATM RNC

ATM

Nx
T1/E1

- IMA to allow L2 bundling for


improved delay performance on
low speed interface

ATM-based
UTRAN backhaul

AAL2
ATM (IMA)
N x T1/E1

Node-B

PE

PE

RNC

IP-based
UTRAN backhaul

Nx
T1/E1

AAL5
ATM (IMA)
N x T1/E1

OR

IP
PPP
ML-MCPPP
HDLC
N x T1/E1

IP
OR

IPoA
IPoPOS
IPoE
MPLS

PPP
AAL5
ATM
N x T1/E1
PE

PE

ENET

Node-B

R5/6 UTRAN with


IPoT1/E1 Node B
ML-MCPPP to allow L2 bundling for
improved delay performance on
low speed interface
- ATM or HDLC as layer-2

Node-B
IP

R99/R4 UTRAN with ATM


Node B

IP-based
UTRAN backhaul

IP
802.1p/q
ENET

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

41 | Transporte NG en Redes

RNC

R5/6 UTRAN with


Ethernet Node B
- no link bundling needed with
ENET given its high speed
nature

Backhaul Overview
CELL

HUB

MTSO
BTS

BTS

BTS

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

BSC

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

RNC

NodeB

NodeB
NodeB

NodeB

DSL Aggregation
Network

DSL Network
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

42 | Transporte NG en Redes

DSL Aggregation
Network

Access Aggregation Reference Architectures

BTS

NodeB

NodeB

Access Transport
Network

N x E1
ATM/IMA
Ethernet

N x E1,
chSTM1
Ethernet

TDM

BSC

ATM
Ethernet

RNC

1) Centralized
L1 groomed to MTSO
IMA termination of 3G
No 2G aggregation

MTSO
BTS

NodeB

BTS

NodeB

N x E1
TDM

N x E1
ATM/IMA
Ethernet

BTS
Access
Transport
Network

N x E1
TDM

NodeB
Aggregation
Network
N x E1,
chSTM1
Ethernet

2) Distributed to Hub
Aggregation at hub site
Backhaul both 2G and 3G

Hub

Access
Transport
Network

3) Fully Distributed
Aggregation at cell site
Backhaul both 2G and 3G

N x E1
ATM/IMA
Ethernet

Cell Site

First Point of Aggregation is moving further and further out towards the cell site
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

43 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity for 2G transport


TDM
PWE
MPLS/GRE IP
L1

TDM
E1
E1

PWE

TS 1

TDM
E1
E1

CES 1

TS x

E1
PWE

TS y

CES 2

TS 1
TS 1
TS x

TS x
TS y

TS y
PWE

CES n

BSC

BTS
E1 TDM
E1 TDM

BTS

MPLS over PDH, SDH


(LL, MW) Eth
Microwave

MPLS over PDH, SDH


(LL, MW) Eth
Microwave

PWE3 encapsulation (draft-ietf-pwe3-cesopsn-xx)


NxDS0 Services
packetization delay control
jitter buffer
MPLS or IP/GRE PSN tunnel
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

44 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity for common transport infrastructure for 3G ATM


ATM
PWE3
MPLS/GRE IP
L1

ATM
E1
VP

PWE

VCC HSDPA

ATM
E1

VCC SIGN.

VP

VCC Voice

VCC SIGN.
PWE

VCC Voice

VP

VCC HSDPA

VCC HSDPA
VCC SIGN.
VCC HSDPA
VCC Voice
VCC SIGN.
VCC Voice

PWE

VCC R99 PS

RNC

NodeB
E1 ATM IMA

MPLS over Ethernet,


PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

NodeB

MPLS over Ethernet,


PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

PWE3 encapsulation (RFC4717)


N:1 ATM PWE3
Cell concatenation with
packetization delay control
MPLS or IP/GRE PSN tunnel
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

45 | Transporte NG en Redes

HSDPA Offload
Separate HSDPA from voice (+ signaling) for 3G on a low-cost DSL packet
transport
HSDPA off-load connectivity
RNC/MTSO
equipment

Direct at the node B


Small node B cluster

RNC

Cell-site
equipment

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

DSL Aggregation
Network

NodeB

DSL Network
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

46 | Transporte NG en Redes

DSL Aggregation
Network

HSDPA offload
Node B variations
Node-B without physical separation for HSDPA: Voice, Signaling and HSDPA traffic
are combined in the same E1 IMA bundle
Node-B with physical HSDPA separation on a dedicated ATM IMA bundle
Hybrid Node-B, which separates HSPA on a separate Ethernet Interface.
Full IP Node-B, who delivers all services across IP/Ethernet interfaces.

DSL (wholesale) managed service


ATM based bit stream/layer-2 access
Ethernet based bit stream/layer-2 access
IP layer-3 access

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

47 | Transporte NG en Redes

HSDPA offload: NodeB types


No HSDPA separation in a NodeB
ADSL

Wholesale
DSL

Eth

STM-1 ATM
Eth

NodeB
E1 ATM/IMA
Eth

RNC

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

HSDPA separation in a NodeB

ADSL

Wholesale
DSL

E1 ATM/IMA Eth

RNC
STM-1 ATM
Eth

NodeB
E1 ATM/IMA Eth

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

48 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity: NodeB no separation, ATM bit-stream DSL connection

ATM
PWE
MPLS

ATM
E1

Ethernet

ATM
PWE
MPLS
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
ADSL

ATM
PWE
MPLS
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
STM-1

ADSL

Wholesale
DSL

RNC

Eth

STM-1 ATM

NodeB
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

E1 ATM/IMA

VP

ATM
STM-1

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

VCC HSDPA
VCC SIGN.
VCC Voice
PWE

RFC4717 PWE3 encap.


VCC HSDPA

PWE

VCC SIGN.

N:1 ATM PWE3

VCC Voice

Ethernet MPLS transport

RFC2684 - bridged
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

49 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity: NodeB no separation, Ethernet Bit-stream DSL connection

ATM
PWE
MPLS

ATM
E1

Ethernet

ATM
PWE
MPLS
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
ADSL

ATM
PWE
MPLS
Ethernet

ADSL

Wholesale
DSL

RNC

Eth

STM-1 ATM

NodeB
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

E1 ATM/IMA

VP

ATM
STM-1

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

VCC HSDPA
VCC SIGN.
VCC Voice
PWE

RFC4717 PWE3 encap.


VCC HSDPA

PWE

VCC SIGN.

N:1 ATM PWE3

VCC Voice

Ethernet MPLS transport

RFC2684 - bridged
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

50 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity: NodeB no separation, IP DSL connection

ATM
PWE
GRE/IP

ATM
E1

Ethernet

ATM
PWE
GRE/IP
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
ADSL

ATM
PWE
GRE/IP
Ethernet

ADSL

ATM
STM-1

Wholesale
DSL

RNC

Eth

NodeB
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

E1 ATM/IMA

VP

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

VCC HSDPA
VCC SIGN.
VCC Voice
PWE

RFC4717 PWE3 encap.


VCC HSDPA

PWE

VCC SIGN.

N:1 ATM PWE3

VCC Voice

Ethernet GRE/IP transport

RFC2684 - bridged
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

51 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity: Hybrid Node B HSDPA separation on Ethernet/IP,


IP/ATM DSL connection

IP
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
ADSL

IP
Eth

ADSL

IP
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM

IP
Ethernet

Wholesale
ADSL

RNC

Eth

NodeB
E1 ATM/IMA

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

IP Connectivity
VCC SIGN.

VCC HSDPA

IP-VPN w/ ATM termination


and Ethernet termination

VCC Voice

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

52 | Transporte NG en Redes

Network connectivity: Hybrid Node B HSDPA separation on Ethernet/IP,


IP/Ethernet DSL connection

IP
Ethernet
AAL5
ATM
ADSL

IP
Eth

ADSL

IP
Ethernet

IP
Ethernet

Wholesale
ADSL

RNC

Eth

NodeB
E1 ATM/IMA

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

PDH, SDH (LL, MW)


Eth Microwave

IP Connectivity
VCC SIGN.

VCC HSDPA

IP-VPN w/ Ethernet
termination

VCC Voice

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

53 | Transporte NG en Redes

Conectividad de nodo B Full IP, agregacin Ethernet sobre VPLS


Agregacin Ethernet sobre VPLS
Cada RNC conformar una subred IP independiente, con el objeto de tener un
nivel de broadcasting mnimo.
Cada subred IP se hace coincidir con un dominio de broadcast en forma de
VPLS H-VPLS
A tener en cuenta
Necesita de reasignacin de direcciones IP en nodos B por cell-site splitting y
cambio de RNC

VPLS

NodeB

NodeB

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

54 | Transporte NG en Redes

RNC

Conectividad de nodo B Full IP, agregacin sobre IP-VPN


Agregacin sobre contextos de nivel 3; IP-VPN
El nodo B puede usar IPoE, IPoMLPPP o IPoA.
Todas las interfaces Iub de las RNCs y los Nodos B residen en un dominio IP
independiente
Cada Nodo B est directamente conectado a una sub-interfaz IP de un router
A tener en cuenta
Requiere ms configuracin de los nodos de red y ms cantidad de
direcciones IP que la solucin basdada en VPLS
Facilita el cell-site splitting y cambios de RNC, por la capacidad de routing
dinmico embebida

RNC

NodeB

IP-VPN
NodeB
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

55 | Transporte NG en Redes

Backhaul 2G-TDM y 3G-ATM


Opciones de alta disponibilidad
MC-APS
TDM APS
2G BTS

E1 TDM
Active
PE2/BN
G

3G
Node B

BSC

E1 ATM IMA

PE1

APS

RNC

Standby
PE3/BN
G

Active BNG

MC-APS
ATM
HSI

ISA
M

Standby BNG

PE4/BN
G

MC-LAG
ETHERNET

Video/BTV/NGN

Los mecanismos NON-STOP Services y las soluciones multi-chasis de la


Red de Agregacin permiten mantener la disponibilidad de red, enlaces,
y de los servicios 99,999 %, tanto en aplicaciones de fijo como de mvil
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

56 | Transporte NG en Redes

Synchronization Distribution Solutions in UTRAN


GPS-based Solution

Easy to deploy

Could be costly if deployed over large no. of cell sites

Might have some political constraints

UTRAN:
UTRAN: TS
TS 25.402
25.402
0.05ppm
0.05ppm @
@ Node
Node BB
GERAN:
GERAN: GSM
GSM 5.10
5.10
0.05ppm
0.05ppm @
@ BTS
BTS

L1 Solution
SONET/SDH/PDH-based

Use derived in-band timing from synchronous NE

Most TDM transport NE have output timing for intra CO distribution

Only for site with co-located SONET/SDHPDH equipment (or other


type of sync NE with traceable source)

GPS Sync

GPS Sync

Timing Source
(e.g. Stratum)

Low cost solution

Synchronous Ethernet

G.8261 (2007/2008 ?)

In-band Encoded timing propagation

SRTS for ATM

adaptive timing

Other proprietary mechanism

NTP could work with coarse grain adjustment interval (assuming


Node B has accurate timing src)

IEEE 1588v2 (PTP protocol) (2007/2008 ?)

ADM

ADM

NE

NE

SONET/SDH

ADM

NE

Async. timing domains


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

57 | Transporte NG en Redes

Agregacin de Femto Celdas

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

58 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel-Lucent Network Architecture Proposal


Multiservice Quad Play + Business Services Network + Mobile Aggregation
Distributed Pocili Enforcement for services & subscribers
2G, 3G,
WiMAX, LTE

Mobile

Routing, P2MP & IP Multipoint, IP-VPN,


CES, PW, DPI, DHCP, IPSEC, Video
Enhancements (FCC + Retransmissions +
AD insertion), IPv6, PPPoE & DHCP,
P2MP LSP, ...

E1, ETH

Voice, data,
video

7705-SAR
E1, DSL

Agg. Network

Familia ISAM

Femto

Home Network
HSI, IPTV, VoIP, Femto
Cells

Business
VoIP, HSI, VPN

7750-SR

L2/L3

DSL, PON

Edge IP
7750-SR

Access
Network
DSL, PON

7750-SR
IP/MPLS
Core
ptical Core

7x50

7710-SR

Legacy (E1,
ATM, FR,...)
ETH

7750-SR

L3

IP Core: High availability and high


capacity nodes and architecture
Aggregation: VPLS/H-VPLS switching for L2 services, high reliability and
high capacity IP EDGE routers with BW control, H-QoS per service and per
subscriber, supporting ANY L3 function (collapsed architecture)

Access: Dedicated Multiservice Platforms to support: Any


Location, Any Media, Any Reach, Any service

Subscribers, Services and Network Integrated Management


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

59 | Transporte NG en Redes

Requisitos agregacin de Femto Celdas

RGW

7750

Modem+RGW pueden
estar en dispositivos
independientes o en
nico dispositivo

VLAN Internet BNG//BSR

Internet

VLAN Multicast

7750

IP TV
VLAN Multimedia

ISAM

Agregacin
IP/MPLS

Voz
7750

VLAN VoIP

SBC

7750

Femto Celda

Requisitios de integracin e2e

Contexto
VLAN Mvil

BSR Gateway
BSG

Red mvil

BPG
BVG

Direccin y perfiles IP de la Femto asignados por DHCP.


Conexin cifrada (IPSec) entre la Femto y el Gateway de la red mvil (BSR).
Requiere garantas especficas de QoS tanto en el bucle xDSL como en la red de agregacin.
Convivencia en la misma red con el resto de servicios residenciales (HSI, Voz, Vdeo).
Arquitectura de agregacin multiservicio de Alcatel-Lucent incluye todas las consideraciones
para dotar a las comunicaciones de la Femto de las garantas necesarias extremo a extremo
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

60 | Transporte NG en Redes

Agregacin del trfico en el DSLAM

BTV VLAN

HSI

TP VLAN
..
.

Femto

TP VLAN
Femto VLAN
IPTV
Set Top Box

2G/3G PWE VLAN

VoIP Soft Phone

HSDPA VLAN
BTS

HSDPA

shdsl

DSLAM

adsl

NodeB

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

61 | Transporte NG en Redes

Arquitectura Flat IP de la Femtocell


Apps; Portals;
Internet

PSTN

3GPP Core
Network
Iu-CS

3GPP Interfaces
BSR
Gateway

HLR

MSC

- Gestin cluster
BSR

FMS

- Gestin BSR

HNM

BVG

Gr

xGSN
IuPS

BSG

Gn
- Agregacin del
trfico

BPG

- Conversin de
protocolos

Firewall/IPSec Routing

IPSEC over
xDSL

Redes de
acceso, y
agregacin

Femto BSR

Legacy 3GPP
R99 & HSPA terminal
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

62 | Transporte NG en Redes

Explosin de la demanda de ancho de banda, tanto en descarga como en subida


30 Mbps

0,2 Mbps

1 Mbps

4 Mbps

Videoconferencia

10 Mbps

85 Mbps

5,7 Mbps

0,2 Mbps

Telefona

Videotelefona

TOTAL

1 Mbps

Mvil

14,4 Mbps

0,5 Mbps

Online gaming

4 Mbps

Peer to Peer

0,7 Mbps

5 Mbps

0,3 Mbps

20 Mbps

3DTV

16 Mbps

0,5 Mbps

HDTV

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

63 | Transporte NG en Redes

Broadband
Internet

SDTV

12 Mbps

1 Mbps

10 Mbps

4 Mbps

Gestin de los servicios residenciales


La evolucin de servicios hacia DHCP acelera la integracin
DHCP

Broadcast TV

DHCP

Video on Demand

DHCP

Voice over IP

DHCP
PPP

DHCP

Mismo modelo de conectividad para todos


los servicios (fijo + mvil)
Mejor Time to Market
Lgica de red homognea mejora OPEX
Nuevos servicios no requieren reingeniera
Gestin de abonado distribuida por la red
Mejora de rendimiento y escalabilidad

Femto Cells

No requiere BRAS mejora CAPEX


Mejor tolerancia ante fallos

Current HSI
retail &
wholesale

Eficiencia en coste
Una nica red para todos los servicios

Evolving HSI
retail &
wholesale

AGREGACIN DHCP DISTRIBUIDA


CAPEX Y OPEX REDUCIDOS
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

64 | Transporte NG en Redes

Cudruple Play; Distibucin de anchos de banda por abonado


Gestin de SLA x abonado en la red de agregacin / Quad Play
La red de agregacin basada en nodos 7x50 gestiona dinmicamente:
Perfiles de abonado (a qu servicios esta suscrito y con que anchos de banda y SLA)
Reserva de CIR para aplicaciones de tiempo real.
Gestin dinmica de anchos de banda x abonado con planificacin jerrquica de recursos
Sealizacin del rendimiento del bucle para cada abonado entre ISAM y nodo 7x50 para
ajuste dinmico de los recursos en la red de agregacin
Femto/Voz (P1)

PIR Iucs: 1 Meg


CIR Iucs: 128 kbps
PIR Iups: 4 Meg
CIR Iups: 1 Meg
CIR Sync/NC: 128kbps

Femto/HSI

GE

Subscriber (xDSL)
CIR = 20 Mbps
PIR = 20 Mbps

Femto Sync/NC (Top)


VoIP (P1)

PIR: 512 kbps


CIR: 128 kbps

VOD/BTV (P2)

PIR: 12 Meg
CIR: 4 Meg

(HSI Several
Priorities)

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

65 | Transporte NG en Redes

P2P
VoIP

Vdeo/TV
Gaming
Video Conf

PIR: 20 Meg
CIR P2P 0 Meg
CIR VoIP 128kbps
CIR Video 2 Meg
CIR Gaming: 512k
CIR V. Conf: 1 Meg

Enabling QoE for Quadruple Play Services


Per-subscriber and per-service hierarchical QoS (H-QoS)
Per-subscriber rate-limited HSI
Per-subscriber QoS policy ctrl
Per-service priority/delay/loss

VoIP

Fixed
VLAN/
SUB

Video
HSI
Mobile
Broadband
Service
Access Node
Mobile services

GE

Per-service priority/delay/loss
Content differentiation in HSI

VoIP VLAN

Video

Video VLAN

HSI

Gold
BNG
7750SR

Mobile VLAN/subs

Per-subscriber queuing and PIR/CIR


policing/shaping
VoIP and video

HSI
VLAN

IP
7750 SR

ON-NET

Interactive

Per service prioritization. Voice and


video call prioritized over packet
Classified on SrclP range

Bronze

10
GE

Conversational Mobile
VLANs
Streaming

DSCP classification

HIS

IP Services
Edge

VoIP

Background
Mobile service differentiation based
on DSCP.
HSI content differentiation based on
DSCP. Each queue may have
individual CIR/PIR and shaping

DstIP and/or DSCP classification

VoIP and video is queued and


prioritized as per VLAN QoS policy.

Per-service prioritization. VoIP


prioritized over video.

Optional overall subscriber rate


limiting on VLAN (H-QoS)
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

66 | Transporte NG en Redes

VoIP, HSI, IPTV and


different mobile class
traffic marked (DSCP)
at trusted ingress
points of IP network

Clasificacin del trfico Femto Celdas


Modelo base:

Signalling
NTP Clock Disciplining
DNS, DHCP, SNTP
OA&M
CS-Conversational
PS-Conversational
Streaming
Interactive
Background
Other DNS, DHCP, SNTP

AF21
EF
BE
AF21
EF
EF
AF11
AF21
BE
BE

NOTE: EF reserved for conversational services and NTP as these are


the most delay-sensitive.

Cuatro niveles de QoS por VAP


Best Effort: HSI (BE)
Interactive Class: OAM, Gaming, (AF21)
Enelastic Real-Time Traffic: Voice/video telephony (PS + CS) + Sync info, Femto sign (EF)
Elastic Real-Time Traffic: Video (AF11)
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

67 | Transporte NG en Redes

Evolucin del Core de transporte en redes


mviles
Concepto y arquitectura de CPN-convergent Packet Network

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

68 | Transporte NG en Redes

Business Drivers para la transformacin a IP

Crecimiento de Trfico
& Migracin

Simplification de la
Red

Evolucin a IMS

Integracin de redes y
nuevas tecnologas

Optimizacin del Ancho de Banda


Mejora de la operacin de red & precisin para
adaptarse a los cambios en volmenes y mezcla de
trficos
Reduccin del equipamiento en la red,
consolidando las diferentes capas
Conseguir ganancia estadstica sin perjudicar los
SLAs
Trabajar con operativas comunes para los
diferentes servicios
Incremento de ingresos con Servicios Personales
Multimedia
Migracin paulatina y uso de estndares abiertos
para reducir riesgos
Proteccin de los activos de red
Nuevas oportunidades para la distribucin de
contenidos
VoIP
Aprovechar los costes de Ethernet

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

69 | Transporte NG en Redes

Propuesta de Alcatel-Lucent para la transformacin del Core hacia IP


Caractersticas red CPN

Crecimiento de Trfico
& Migracin

Herramientas centralizadas para automatizar el


transporte e2e, mejorar el desarrollo de red y la
productividad
Any service, any port facilitando la migracin y
unificacin

Simplification de la Red

Herramientas de gestin orientadas a Servicio que


automatizan el modelado y configuracin de los mismos
sobre IP.
Virtualizacin de la Red
HA basada en soluciones Non-Stop Service

Evolucin a IMS

Migracin a IP aprovechando los ltimos estndares del


IETF.
H-QoS con granularidad hasta nivel de abonado
Aplicacin del modelo TPSDA (Triple Play Services Delivery
Architecture)

Integracin de redes y
nuevas tecnologas

Liderazgo en el mercado IP Edge


Liderazgo en, Non-stop Carrier Ethernet services sobre MPLS
(e.g., IP VPN, VPLS, VLLs)
Amplia experiencia a nivel mundial y en particular en
Espaa en la integracin de proyectos de gran calado en su
evolucin a servicios IP (e.g., SBC Lightspeed, ONO, Ya.Com,
Euskaltel)
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

70 | Transporte NG en Redes

Topologa Actual de las redes mviles


Convergencia a un Backbone
Unificado
Biiling

O&
M

SW

BTS

BTS
BSC
MSC

BTS

Node B

BSC

MSC/
MGW

MTSO

DCC
ATM

DCC
ATM

SGSN

MTSO

RNC
SGSN

PE
PE

DCC
ATM

TDM
ATM

BSC
MTSO

MSC/
MWG

SGSN

BSC
Node B

MTSO

BTS

MSC

PE

RNC
SGSN

Node B

PR

PE

PE

GGSN

El desarrollo de 2G, 2.5G y las implantaciones iniciales de 3G han hecho que los operadores
desplieguen mltiples redes de datos, cada una diseada para soportar un determinado rango
de servicios.
La propuesta de Alcatel-Lucent es la de consolidad esta variedad de redes (y servicios
asociados) sobre una nico backbone de red basado en IP/MPLS
Los factores para esta unificacin de red son: NGN, 3G Data Service, IMS, Convergencia Fijo
Mvil.
La propuesta basada en la solucin IP/MPLS de Alcatel-Lucent permite al operador conseguir
este objetivo mediante la virtualizacin de la red , proporcionando una solucin robusta,
escalable y preparada para las futuras necesidades del operador
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

71 | Transporte NG en Redes

Node B

Necesidad de IP/MPLS en el Backbone


Evolucin a Multimedia-Multiacceso-Multiservicio
tanto en las redes fijas como mviles.
Eficiencia, ganancia estadstica.
Integracin de cualquier tecnologa de acceso:
Ethernet, ATM, FR, TDM.

PE

BT
S
Node B

RNCBSC
MTSO

Restauracin rpida (sub. 50ms)

MSC/
MGW
SGSN

PE

PE

IP/MPLS
PE

Alta disponibilidad

PR

MSC

BSC

BT
S

SGSN

RNC

Node B

MTSO

GGSN

Ingeniera de trfico

IP/MPLS
convergent
Backbone

Capacidad de tratar adecuadamente mltiples


tipos de servicios de tiempo real
simultneamente
Las solucin basada en Service Routing permite:
Agregar los accesos existentes

7750 SR

7750 SR

Diferenciacin de trfico y H-QoS

VPN

Contabilidad y control de trfico por abonado y


servicio, tanto en acceso como a nivel de red

VPN
PW

Evolucionar segn las necesidades futuras del


operador
Todo esto mediante los mecanismos de Virtualizacin
de la Red, aplicando el conpecto de Routing de
Servicios
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

72 | Transporte NG en Redes

MPLS

VPN
VPN
PW

Virtualizacin de la red IP/MPLS


La propuesta de Routing de Servicios
MPLS permite modelar la red, segregando
diferentes tipos de trfico y proporcionando
diferentes mtodos de virtualizacin de
la red.
red Estos mtodos permiten acomodar
cada tipo de trfico o servicios de la manera
ms adecuada en funcin de sus
caractersticas (por ejemplo):

PE

BT
S
BSC
Node B
RNC

MSC/
MGW
SGSN

PE

PE

IP/MPLS
PE

MSC

BSC

BT
S

SGSN

RNC

Node B

MTSO
PR

MTSO

GGSN

Unicast, Broadcast, Multicast


P2P, P2MP, MP2MP
Ethernet, TDM, ATM, FR.

IP/MPLS convergent
Backbone

La combinacin de estos diferentes


mecansmos permiten unificar el backbone
optimizando los recursos de transporte
del operador

MPLS
MP-BGP
Outer LSP

7750 SR

7750 SR

VPN

VPN

Los mecanismos MPLS para la Segregacin y


Virtualizacin de la red son:
L3 VPN (IP VPN)
L2 VPN (VPLS)
L2 PW (Pseudo-wire )

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

73 | Transporte NG en Redes

VPLS
PW

VPLS
PW
Inner LSP

Targeted LDP

Virtualizacin del Backbone


El Backbone unificado aprovecha las
diferentes capacidades de MPLS para optimizar
la conectividad en red.

PE

BT
S
BSC

MSC/
MGW

Node B

El modelo general cubre:

RNC

PE

MSC

BSC

BT
S

SGSN

RNC

Node B

PE

IP/MPLS

SGSN

PE

MTSO

Conectividad va VPLS/H-VPLS:

MTSO

PR
GGSN

Interconexin de servidores en un CPD,


centralizado o distribuido, facilitando HA
de servicios de voz, vdeo, etc...

AuC

Billing

Tramos de vas de sealizacin entre los


MGW y los Call Servers

O&M

Accesos redundantes de estos a la VPN-IP


(VRRP)

MATE

PE

PE

PE

S-CSCF

PE

Application
Server

GGSN
BG

RR

PE

PE

En el RAN en evolucin a LTE


MSC/
MGW

RNC

Note B

SGSN

BSC

BTS

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

74 | Transporte NG en Redes

P-CSCF I-CSCF

NM

Conectividad de datos entre SGSN-GGSN


(Gn)
Interconexin de elementos de Operacin
y Mantenimiento y servicios IT internos del
operador.

Call
Server

HSS

PE
MSC/
MGW

BSC

PE
SGSN

RNC

BTS

Note B

Virtualizacin del Backbone


Conexin va MPLS IP-VPN
Conectividad de trfico portador del
MGW

PE

BT
S
BSC

MSC/
MGW

Node B

Conectividad de datos entre SGSNGGSN (Gn)

RNC

MSC

BSC

BT
S

SGSN

RNC

Node B

PE

IP/MPLS

SGSN

PE

MTSO
MTSO

PR
GGSN

Conectividad entre elementos IMS


(P-CSCF, I-CSCF,S-CSCF, HSS,
Application content )
Conectividad de infraestructura IT
del Operator

PE

AuC

Billing

PE

O&M

Call
Server

HSS

P-CSCF I-CSCF

PE

PE

S-CSCF

PE

Application
Server

GGSN
BG

NM

MATE

RR

Conexin va MPLS Pseudo-Wire


Posibilita la conexin de tecnologas
ATM/FR legacy
En la evolucin del RAN a IP/MPLS,
los PW ATM se pueden usar para
backhauling de la agregacin ATM
existente.

PE

PE
MSC/
MGW

RNC

Note B

SGSN

BSC

BTS

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

75 | Transporte NG en Redes

PE
MSC/
MGW

BSC

PE
SGSN

RNC

BTS

Note B

QoS en el Backbone Unificado


El backbone unificado ha de lidiar con
mltiples aplicaciones y servicios, cada una con
sus propios requerimientos de
retardo/jitter/prdidas

PE

BT
S
BSC

MSC/
MGW

Node B
RNC

PE

PE

IP/MPLS

SGSN

PE

MSC

BSC

BT
S

SGSN

RNC

Node B

MTSO
PR

MTSO

GGSN

Los 7x50 proporcionan los mecanismos HW


adecuados para manejar la lgica de QoS para
cada servicio, haciendo el uso ms eficiente de
los recursos de red.

MPLS
7750 SR

QoS por clente/servicio

data

Control de QoS

voice

VPN
PW

Physical Port

Data
90%

video
voice

10%

Gestin completa, sencilla, de QoS, SLAs,


Seguridad, Contabilidad, desde el 5620
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January
SAM

76 | Transporte NG en Redes

video

The SR ensure relative priority


between the different
applications based on EXP

H-QoS
Control de uso de recursos por
Servicios MPLS (VLL, VPLS, VPRN)
tanto en acceso como en los puertos
de red

VPN

VPN
VPN Sch
PW

7750 SR

30%

Different network
loading based on
application.
Although sum of
applications exit 100%
this can be done via
work conserving
scheduling

Modelo Genrico de Arquitectura de red

PE

PE

Edge L3/L2
RR

PE
P

Core

PE

P
RR

RR

P
P
P

PE

PE
RR

7710 SR
7750 SR-12

PE
PE

PE
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

77 | Transporte NG en Redes

PE

CPN Carrier grade re-convergence


Fiabilidad en transporte

RSVP
RSVPFRR
FRR(sub
(sub50
50msec
msecre-convergence)
re-convergence)
RSVP
FRR
cubre
fallo
RSVP FRR cubre fallode
denodo
nodoyyenlace
enlace
Fallo de nodo P
Fallo de nodo P
Fallo de enlace de backbone
Fallo de enlace de backbone
Fallo de enlace PE-PE
Fallo de enlace PE-PE

802.3ah/BFD
triggered
para
802.3ah/BFD
triggered
paradeteccin
deteccin
de
fallo
en
redes
de
transporte
SDH
de
fallo
en
redes
de
transporte
SDHcon
con
tributarios
ethernet
tributarios ethernet

P-CSCF I-CSCF

PE

PE

S-CSCF

PE

Application
Server

GGSN
BG

NM

MATE

RR

PE

PE
MSC/
MGW

RNC

Note B

SGSN

BSC

BTS

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

78 | Transporte NG en Redes

Call
Server

HSS

PE

O&M

BGP
BGPtracking
tracking(<200
(<200msec
msecre-convergence)
re-convergence)
Fallo
de
IGP
en
PE
failure
lala
Fallo de IGP en
PE
failuredispara
dispara
convergencia
de
seleccin
de
ruta
convergencia de seleccin de rutaBGP
BGP
Cubre
el
fallo
en
nodo
PE
Cubre el fallo en nodo PE
VRRP
fast
forwarding
VRRP
fast
forwarding++VPLS
VPLSMAC
MACflush
flush(<
(<100
100
msec
re-convergence)
msec re-convergence)
Cubre
de
de
con
elel
Cubrefallo
fallo
deoenlace
enlace
deconexin
conexin
con
cliente
del
PE
fallo
del
cliente
del
PE
cliente del PE o fallo del cliente del PE

AuC

Billing

PE
MSC/
MGW

BSC

PE
SGSN

RNC

BTS

Note B

Agregacin y Core para LTE

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

79 | Transporte NG en Redes

Performance Summary and Impact on Applications


More bandwidth and less latency application enabler

Performance

LTE
Average

FASTER
SPEEDS

12 Mb/s DL
6.6 Mb/s
UL
(FDD)

INCREASED
SPECTRAL
EFFICIENCY &
CAPACITY

REDUCED
LATENCY

VoIP
389 Erl

10 ms

Impact on the Service /


Applications
Faster Mobile Internet, e-mails,

=> Increased QoE


Enabler for new services such as
HD TV
Higher capacity
Higher network capacity within
the same amount of spectrum,
i.e # of Voice users
Reduced cost per bit
Can reuse applications across
wireless and wireline, i.e on line
multi-user gaming
More capacity for VoIP and TCPbased applications

Technology innovation significantly improves performance, which translates to better quality of


experience for the end user LTE satisfies the need for higher bandwidth & capacity

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

80 | Transporte NG en Redes

LTE enables tomorrows applications, some examples


Mobile HD TV hitting the market

HD TV

3D TV

First video decoding chipsets for mobile HD TV launched by Renesas


Technology. MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 and MPEG-2 decoding for mobile HD TV
enabled by LTE

3D TV prototype developed by Bell Labs


3D TV, which requires 30% additional bandwidth
compared to HD TV, will be available on mobile with LTE

Multi-screen entertainment

Multi-screen

Purchase a movie with your handset from an add and play it at


home in the evening

Consumers
Consumers "want to access all of their content on all three of the
screens
screens with
with the
the same
same user
user experience,
experience, the
the same
same interface,
interface, and
and
the
same
quality
of
service,
the
Didier
Didier Lombard,
Lombard, chairman and chief executive
officer
officer of
of France
France Telecom
Telecom

French state secretary in charge of digital economy Eric Besson getting an


outlook on 4G applications enabled by LTE
Alcatel-Lucent Exhibition Briefing Center in Villarceaux, Nov 7th, 2008
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

81 | Transporte NG en Redes

LTE more of the same but faster but


SCOT will trigger The New LTE Applications

Mbps

WebT
V

LTE will trigger new applications and compelling services that will appear after
first commercial launches, once different social groups are involved in the
social construction of technology
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

82 | Transporte NG en Redes

A graphical summary of aggregate per node

3 E1+FE phy
25Mbps

3E1+FE phy
5 Mbps
2-3 E1 phy
3 Mbps

1-2 E1 phy
1-2 Mbps

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

83 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel-Lucent Network Architecture Proposal


Multiservice Quad Play + Business Services Network + Mobile Aggregation
Distributed Pocili Enforcement for services & subscribers
2G, 3G,
WiMAX, LTE

Mobile

Routing, P2MP & IP Multipoint, IP-VPN,


CES, PW, DPI, DHCP, IPSEC, Video
Enhancements (FCC + Retransmissions +
AD insertion), IPv6, PPPoE & DHCP,
P2MP LSP, ...

E1, ETH

Voice, data,
video

7705-SAR
E1, DSL

Agg. Network

Familia ISAM

Femto

Home Network
HSI, IPTV, VoIP, Femto
Cells

Business
VoIP, HSI, VPN

7750-SR

L2/L3

DSL, PON

Edge IP
7750-SR

Access
Network
DSL, PON

7750-SR
IP/MPLS
Core
ptical Core

7x50

7710-SR

Legacy (E1,
ATM, FR,...)
ETH

7750-SR

L3

IP Core: High availability and high


capacity nodes and architecture
Aggregation: VPLS/H-VPLS switching for L2 services, high reliability and
high capacity IP EDGE routers with BW control, H-QoS per service and per
subscriber, supporting ANY L3 function (collapsed architecture)

Access: Dedicated Multiservice Platforms to support: Any


Location, Any Media, Any Reach, Any service

Subscribers, Services and Network Integrated Management


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

84 | Transporte NG en Redes

LTE components and criteria for success

MME

Femto

PGW
eNodeB

Devices

LTE
radio access

SGW

Aggregation
and transport

Evolved
Packet Core

Subscriber Apps
and Services

PCRF

IMS, Mobile TV, etc.

Service delivery
platforms

Next-generation wireless access


Highly efficient IP network

Directly Impacted
by the Transport
Network

Low total cost of ownership


Broad and open ecosystem
Global expertise, integration with existing network
End-to-end capabilities combining IP and next-generation wireless best practices
for new wireless broadband network strategies
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

85 | Transporte NG en Redes

Evolution to EPS
A Unified IP-based Always-on, QoS-enabled Network

Legacy Infrastructure
CS Core

1
Radio Mobility
Intelligence placed
in the eNB

PS Core

Backhaul RNC
(TDM/ATM)

BTS

2
Backhaul
transition
To IP/Ethernet

Internet
GGSN

SGSN

RNC Bearer mobility


collapse into
the SGW

MCS voice and SGSN


packet mobility
collapse into
the SGW

RNC control
distributed into
the MME/eNB

SGSN control
collapse into
the MME

CS and PS
Collapse into a
Unified IP
backbone

BE to QoS/HA
non-blocking

Evolved Packet System

Multi-Media
MME

Backhaul
eNB

(IP/Ethernet)

SGW

Service
aware and
mobile aware
IP network

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

86 | Transporte NG en Redes

Services

PCRF

PDN GW

ALU LTE Service Deliver Architecture Solution Overview


ALU LTE solution is specifically designed IP-based network for next generation mobility.
ALU LTE solution leverages carrier IP/Ethernet technologies to meet 4G mobility challenges by embedding the
evolved packet core (ePC) elements inside the backhaul and backbone infrastructure
The ePC elements are distributed within the backhaul and backbone optimizing network mobility, bandwidth and
App Svr IM-HSS
subscriber efficiency.
5450 ISC
Optimized, Distributed
Subscriber Policy Enforcement
eNB
Femto
Femto

Backhaul
Transport

Policy
7750 SR
management

7x50

(PGW)

(SGW)
Femto

High-capacity,
High-capacity, highhighavailability
availability Service
Service Routers
with
with per subscriber per QCI
control
control

Cell Site

IMS core
7750 SR

IP/MPLS
Optical Core

MME

eNB aggregator

High-capacity
High-capacity mobile
mobile
control
control controller
controller
Femto

bearer
Control

high-capacity, high-availability MPLS-based


service router with embedded bearer
mobility,
mobility, per-flow-per-subscriber
per-flow-per-subscriber control
control

Integrated network, service and subscriber management


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

87 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel-Lucent architecture for RAN backhaul


MME
LTE

S-GW
eNB

P-GW

Se-GW
L2/L3
service
Layer

Options: E-LINE into L3 VPN, E-LINE into E-LAN (VPLS)


L3 VPN

Microwave
Tail
Access
Layer

VDSL CPE

DSLAM

GPON ONT

GPON/Eth

ActEth NT

Act Eth

MAN Carrier Ethernet

Metro
Transport
Layer

Microwave
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

88 | Transporte NG en Redes

LTE architecture components


EUTRAN

LTE-Uu

S1-MME

eNB

UE

EPC

S1-U

S1-MME

MME

S1-MME

S11

X2
X2

LTE-Uu

S1-U
SGW

S1-U

X2

eNB

AP

AP
AP
AP

PDN GW

PDN
Gateway

eNB

UE

SGi

S5

IP Transport Network (IP Cloud)

AP

MME Mobility Management Entity


SAE System Architecture Evolution
PDN Packet Data Network
S-GW = Serving Gateway
P-GW = PDN Gateway

S1-U: S1 U-plane
S1-MME: S1 C-plane
AP - Access Point (for IP cloud)

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

89 | Transporte NG en Redes

Security

X2 and S1 Flex
From Logical view To Physical view
AGW

AGW

AGW

AGW

AGW

AGW

AGW

IP-VPN

S1 Flex

Security
Gateway

AGW

AGW

Security
Gateway

PoC

X2 / S1 Flex

PoC

PoC

X2 / S1 Flex

eNB
eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

eNB

N x M + (N 1)!

N+M
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

90 | Transporte NG en Redes

N + M + Redundancy

Security

ALU solution
Introduction of the Security Gateway
eUTRAN

EPC

LTE-Uu

Security
Gateway
(77xx SR)

eNB

UE

IPsec Tunnel

MME

E
MM
S1

IPsec Tunnel

IPsec Tunnel

eNB

eNB

UE

AP

AP
AP
AP

S/P
Gateway

S1U

LTE-Uu

OAM

AP

IP Transport Network

The Security Gateway will make all the interconnections: S1 U&C, X2 U&C
IPsec Tunnel will secure the S1 & X2 interfaces (compliant 3GPP TS 33.210 / TS 33.310)
Different SA supported for U-plane/C-plane (ex: w/wo encryption)
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

91 | Transporte NG en Redes

Security

LTE architecture components


Optional IPSec encryption
From eNB to S-GW or separate Security GW
Payload encryption in last mile

Previously this was achieved as a by-product of RNC encrypting payload for air interface. In LTE,
encryption for air interface has moved to eNB.

Protect eNB addresses in cases of backhaul through public IP domain


(e.g., untrusted DSL provider)
Consequence is sub-optimal routing of X2 traffic, which can be improved by moving DSL handoff
out into aggregation network

Distributed Security GW (at Hub 1 level) seems optimal


Scales IPSec
Optimized routing in RAN (X2 interface)
Provides flexible load-sharing connectivity
Running IPSec from the eNB to a trusted site in aggregation network provides required
security

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

92 | Transporte NG en Redes

Evolving the backhaul to LTE


Cell Site Aggregation supporting any G
Hub Site security enabled
Different generation traffic may be split
out at either Hub 1 or MTSO

MTSO

Router

Hub1

Strategic direction:
Security GW
functionality

MME

SGW

xWDM

NodeB

Cell

GGSN

xWDM
SGSN

Hub 2

SAR

RNC

eNB

SAR

eNB

PDN GW

MPLS on top of
xWDM

Se-GE

Ethernet, TDM, ATM


connected

Internet

MPLS on top of
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

MPLS on top of
Metro Ethernet,
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)

eNB

BTS

Design network to ensure maximum flexibility, the network


will change with time
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2009, January

93 | Transporte NG en Redes

Evolving the backhaul to LTE


S1-C traffic connects to an MME pool
X2 traffic being switched between eNBs
S1-U plane connected to the serving
gateway pool

Service
Router

Hub1

Internet

Node B

xWDM

eNB

eNB

SAR

Hub 2

Service
Aggregation
Router

eNB

MME

eNB

Cell

S1-C
S1-U
X2
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94 | Transporte NG en Redes

xWDM

SGW

MPLS on top of
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)
Eth Microwave

MPLS on top of
Metro Ethernet,
PDH, SDH (LL, MW)

PDN GW

MPLS on top of
xWDM

Se-GE

Ethernet connected

MTSO

Ethernet Backhaul
Maintaining Call Stability Requires True Tiered Scheduling

Tiered QoS

Drive higher backhaul efficency and ROI by bundling voice, video and data services
over a converged Ethernet uplink

Prioritize
Prioritize Control
Control and
and Voice
Voice
Traffic
Traffic Using
Using Advanced
Advanced
Service-Aware
Service-Aware QoS
QoS

BaseStation
BaseStation Aggregate
Aggregate
Traffic
Traffic Parameters
Parameters

CIR = 30 Mb/s

Voice
Video
Data

PIR = 30 Mb/s

Internet

BaseStn #1

VLAN1
VLAN2

Service-Aware
Service-Aware H-QoS
H-QoS Allows
Allows
For
For The
The Creation
Creation of
of
Tailored
Tailored Service
Service Bundles
Bundles

GigE

GigE
GE
BaseStn #2

Ethernet Access
Transport Network

Individual
Individual Applications
Applications
Get
Get Reserved
Reserved Bandwidth
Bandwidth

CIR = 1 Mb/s

Voice
Internet

PIR = 1 Mb/s

PoC Router
IP/MPLS
Service Network

Delivering superior service scale by extending Quality of Service

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95 | Transporte NG en Redes

Synchronisation
Addressing Base Station Synchronization Requirements
For base stations using Carrier Ethernet transport, there are several approaches for
timing and time synchronization:
External
Synchronization

PRC

L2 or L3 PSN

PDH, SDH,
NTR, I-frame

Physical Layer
Line
Synchronization

Enable operators to Engineer and Manage Network


Sync like a transport service
Manageable via embedded OAM Layers
Enforceable SLAs with Resiliency & QoS
Scalability to address full network migration

Synchronous
Ethernet

Timing over Packet


(Adaptive Clock Recovery,
IEEE 1588 PTP, NTP)

Client
L2 or L3 PSN

Constant rate packet flow

Packet-based timing protocols decouple the mobile operators network synchronization


from the backhaul network (e.g. leased Ethernet service) but places stringent QoS and
resilience requirements on that backhaul network
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96 | Transporte NG en Redes

LTE/EPC Architecture Evolution


An End-to-End IP Transformation

LTE/EPC based upon an end-to-end all-IP architecture


End-to-end IP service delivery: VoIP, video, email,
Radio access & mobile core will be upgraded
Simplified network architecture

MME

SGW

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97 | Transporte NG en Redes

PDN GW

Leverage IP Service Routing Leadership for Mobile Gateways


Unleashing true 4G Mobile Broadband experience
LTE/EPC
LTE/EPC =
= all-IP
all-IP Service
Service Delivery
Delivery
Real-time,
Real-time, Multi-services,
Multi-services, High-bandwidth,
High-bandwidth, end-to-end
end-to-end QoS
QoS

PCRF
MME

Serving
Gateway

PDN
Gateway

Alcatel-Lucent Delivers Availability, Capacity & QoS Expertise Needed for EPC
High aggregate throughput (100+ Gbps) for high bandwidth on-demand services
High peak bit rates (100Mbps+ for mobility, 1Gbps+ for nomadic access)
Multicast and broadcast capabilities (e.g., for Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Service)

Per-subscriber, per-application (DPI), per-session QoS/policy enforcements


High Availability and reliability to match golden standards

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98 | Transporte NG en Redes

Alcatel-Lucent EPS Mobile Service Delivery Architecture QoS Model

DPI (Opt)
DSCP Mark
Partner OTT
Peer to Peer
Rate Limiting

eNodeB

Serving Gateway

PDN Gateway

Hierarchical QoS
eNB QoS
Per bearer
scheduling

Signaling Integrity
Per QCI Queues
with color aware
thresholds
Aggregate eNB
shaping

Classify
Per SDF

Shape
(Opt)
Shaping to
transport
SLA

Traffic
Management
Per QCI queuing
for GBR QoS
Color-aware
queuing for DBR
SDF Charging
and Credit

Gi
Classify
5-Tuple match
with opt. DPI
Police per
Bearer or per
SDF
G/Y/R for
default bearer
DSCP Mark

Down Link
Police
Per bearer per
UE policing

UE Src IP
Verification

Network QoS
Per QCI

Network QoS
Per QCI

Per Bearer

Up Link
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99 | Transporte NG en Redes

IP
Network

Leverage Converged Dynamic Policy Control


Enable Multi-Media /Multi-Modal Services across network domains
Non-IMS Applications and Services
Communications
Communications
Services
Services

MME

eNode B

Messaging
Messaging
Services
Services

Dynamic Policy
Dynamic Services

SGW

5750 SSC/PCRF

PDN GW

DSL,
GPON

Converged
Dynamic
Policy
Management
Real-Time
Service Control

BSA
BSAN

BSR

Broadband
Service
Aggregator

Broadband
Service Router

Broadband
Service
Access Node

IMS Applications and Services


Communications
Communications
Services
Services

WiMAX

Converged Dynamic Policy Enforcement for Fixed & Wireless Access


Dynamic bearer management and advanced QoS processing for millions of concurrent users
Highly scalable, converged policy controls for dynamic end-to-end services control
TISPAN A-RACF interfaces offers converged end-to-end QoS across domains

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100 | Transporte NG en Redes

Messaging
Messaging
Services
Services

The Alcatel-Lucent Evolved Packet Core Solution


Extensive Inter-working Capabilities facilitates Seamless Migration

Standards-based inter-working enables cost-effective migration


Seamless inter-working between 2G/3G, CMDA & non-3GPP access networks
Lower cost of migration through minimized disruption to legacy networks
2G / GSM

W-CDMA

RNC

S3

CDMA / eHRPD

RNC

Gn

S4

S12

eRNC

S101

Gn/Gp

HSGW

S103

MME
PCRF

S1-MME

eUTRAN
eNB

Gxc

S11

Gx
SGi

S1-U

IP Network

S5

SGW

PDN GW

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101 | Transporte NG en Redes

Non-3GPP
(WiFi / WiMax)
Access

S2

Converged Multi-play Network Vision by ALU


Advanced
Business
Services

BB-Wireless
IP

1
3

BBWireless
IP

MSE
Mob
i le
Trip
le P
lay

Wireline
Home-BTS

MPLS Backbone
MPLS-based Aggregation

Scale

2
4

Tb and beyond
Millions of Subscribers

Consolidation

Integration of
discrete elements

Reach

Availability

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102 | Transporte NG en Redes

VPN Access, BB
access, Mobile access
Lead in High availability
& resilience

www.alcatel-lucent.com

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103 | Transporte NG en Redes