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Sounds and Rhythm of English

81.2

Contents
Monophthongs.....................................................................................5
Unit 1[ i: ] sheep.................................................................................................................5
Unit 2 [ i ] ship...................................................................................................................6
Unit 3 [ e ] pen...................................................................................................................7
Unit 4 [ ] man................................................................................................................9
Unit 5 [ ] cup.................................................................................................................10
Unit 6 [ : ] heart...............................................................................................................11
Unit 7 Review...................................................................................................................13
Unit 8 [ ] clock..............................................................................................................13
Unit 9 [o:] Ball.................................................................................................................14
Unit 10 [u] book...............................................................................................................16
Unit 11 [ u: ] boot.............................................................................................................17
Unit 12 [:] girl................................................................................................................18
Unit 13 [] camera...........................................................................................................20
Unit 14 Review.................................................................................................................22

Diphthongs........................................................................................22
Unit 15 [ei] tail.................................................................................................................22
Unit 16 [ai] fine................................................................................................................23
Unit 17 [ oi ] boy..............................................................................................................25
Unit 18 Review.................................................................................................................26
Unit 19 [ au ] house..........................................................................................................26
Unit 20 [u ] phone..........................................................................................................27
Unit 21 [ i ] beer............................................................................................................28
Unit 22 [ ] chair...........................................................................................................30

Consonants........................................................................................31
Unit 23 [ p ] pen...............................................................................................................31
Unit 24 [ b ] baby.............................................................................................................32
Unit 25 [ t ] tin..................................................................................................................33
Unit 26 [ d ]......................................................................................................................35
Unit 27 [ k ] key...............................................................................................................36
Unit 28 [ g ] girl................................................................................................................38
Unit 29 [ s ] s....................................................................................................................39
Unit 30 [ z ] zoo................................................................................................................40
2

Unit 31 [ ] shoe..............................................................................................................41
Unit 32 [] television.......................................................................................................42
Unit 33 [ ] cherry...........................................................................................................42
Unit 34 [] jam...............................................................................................................44
Unit 35 [ f ] fan.................................................................................................................45
Unit 36 [v] van.................................................................................................................47
Unit 37 [ w ] window.......................................................................................................48
Unit 38 [ j ] yellow...........................................................................................................49
Unit 39 [ h ] hat................................................................................................................50
Unit 40 [ ] thin...............................................................................................................52
Unit 41 [ ] the feather...................................................................................................53
Unit 42 [ m ] mouth..........................................................................................................55
Unit 43 [ n ] nose..............................................................................................................55
Unit 44 [ ] ring...............................................................................................................57
Unit 45 [ l ] letter.............................................................................................................58
Unit 46 [ l ] ball...............................................................................................................59
Unit 47 [ r ] rain...............................................................................................................60
Unit 48 [ r ] girl................................................................................................................60
Stress Time...................................................................................................................60

Small talk..........................................................................................74
Unit 1 Greetings...............................................................................................................74
Unit 2. Introductions. Identifying yourself and others......................................................75
Unit 3. Saying good-bye...................................................................................................76
Unit 4. Giving and receiving complements......................................................................77
Unit 5. Inviting, accepting, refusing.................................................................................78
Unit 6. Expressing likes and dislikes. Asking for and giving an opinion.........................79
Unit 7. Expressing ability or inability to do smth. Making excuses. Giving
encouragements................................................................................................................80
Unit 8. Apologizing. Accepting an apology......................................................................82
Unit 9. Talking about food...............................................................................................83
Unit 10. Talking about money..........................................................................................84
Unit 11. Talking about the weather..................................................................................85
Unit 12.Asking for and giving information......................................................................86
Unit 13.Giving and receiving thanks...............................................................................87
Unit 14. Expressing confusion.........................................................................................88
Unit 15. Making plans....................................................................................................88

Monophthongs
3

Monophthongs are vowels the articulation of which is almost unchanging.

Unit 1[ i: ] sheep
Eve is Petes niece.
He seems very pleased to meet these people.
Each teacher needs to be free to teach as he pleases.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
bean
heel
meal

peel
sheep
cheap

seat
eat
leek

cheeks

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


Edi th
evening
easy
jeans
cheese

see
tea
pea
three

eating
Peter
meat

Dialogue : In a restaurant
Peter:
Edith:
Peter:
Jean:
Waiter:
Peter:
Edith:
Waiter:

What would you like to eat, Edith?


A meat sandwich.
Jean? Would you like a meat sandwich or a cheese sandwich?
A cheese sandwich, please, Peter.
Good evening.
Good evening. Well have one meat sandwich and two cheese
sandwiches.
And three teas, please!
One meat sandwich, two cheese sandwiches and three teas.

Intonation: Questions with 'or'


These have a falling tune at the end. The parts of words which are in blacker
type are louder, or stressed.
Would you like coffee or tea?
Would you like veal or beef?
Would you like coffee or milk or tea?
Now practice with somebody, using this menu.
4

Example: Would you like leek soup or pea soup?


Leek soup, please.
MENU
Soup:
leek soup OR pea soup
Meat:

veal OR beef

Vegetables: beans OR peas


Sweets
& drinks:

cheesecake OR ice cream


OR peaches
Coffee OR tea

Unit 2 [ i ] ship
This fish has a thin fin
That fish has a thick fin
This fish is a fish that has a thinner fin than that fish.
Its better to kiss a miss than to miss a kiss
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
sheep
bean
eat
seat
leek
cheeks

Sound 2
ship
bin
it
Sit
lick
chicks

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) sheep; b) ship
2 a) bean; b) bin
3 a) cheeks; b) chicks

4 a) cheap; b) chip
5 a) heel; b) hill
6 a) peel; b) pill
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

it's

Tim
5

fifty

isn't
ill
Indians
interesting

film
minutes
beginning
Mrs Smith

sixty

Dialogue: An interesting film


Bill:
Lyn:
Mrs Smith:
Bill:
Tim:
Lyn:
Tim:
Lyn:
Bill:
Mrs Smith:
Tim:

Is Tim in?
Is he coming to the pictures?
Tim's ill.
Here he is! Hello, Tim.
Hello, Bill.
Are you ill, Tim?
Is it an interesting film?
It's 'Big Jim and the Indians'.
And it begins in six minutes.
If you're ill, Tim ...
Quick, or well miss the beginning of the film

Unit 3 [ e ] pen
Money lent is money spent.
All is well that ends well.
He sent him a telegram begging for help.
If I give you a lift, will you sit still?
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
pin
bin
tin
pig
bill
chicks

Sound2
pen
Ben
ten
peg
bell
cheques

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) pin; b) pen
2 a) pig; b) peg

3 a) tins; b) tens
4 a) sit; b) set
6

5 a) Jinny; b) Jenny

6 a) picked; b) pecked
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:

any
everybody
everything
Eddie
Ellen
Eddie:
Ben:
Eddie:
Ellen:
Jenny:
Ben:
Eddie:
Everybody:
Ellen:
Ben:
Eddie:
Jenny:
Eddie:

spend
friend
left
shelf
ten pence

Jenny
jealous
America
expensive cigarettes
help yourself

Dialogue: An expensive holiday


Hello, Ellen! Hello, Ben! Hello, Jenny!
Hello, Eddie. Have a cigarette.
Thanks, Ben.
Help yourself to whisky.
It's on the shelf.
How did you spend your holiday, Eddie?
I went to America with a friend.
Well!
Were all jealous.
Was it expensive?
Yes. Very. Ive spent everything.
Haven't you any money left?
Yes, Jenny. Ten pence!
Intonation

Statements usually have a falling tune at the end. 'Wh' questions (Who?
What? Why? When? Where? How?) usually have a falling tune at the end. Yes
No questions usually have a rising tune at the end.
Examples:
Wh question: How did you spend your holiday?
Statement: I went to America.
Yes/No question: Was it expensive?
Statement: Yes. Very.

Practise this dialogue. Use the place names below.


Kent
Venice Belgium
-How did you spend your holiday ?
-I went to ...
-Was it expensive?
7

-Yes. Very.

Unit 4 [ ] man
A black cat sat on a mat
And ate a fat rat.
That man sat on my hat in a tram
He is a bad man, that man, thats a fact.
Im glad I had my bag in my hand
Or he might have sat on that.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
X
pen
men
said
beg
bread
1
2
3

Sound 2
axe
pan
man
sad
bag
Brad

Test: Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
a) pen;
a)
b) pan
gem; b)
a)
jam
men; b)
a) pet;
man
b) pat
a)
a) bed;
said; b)
b) bad
sad
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
apple
perhaps
passenger
hijacker
jacket
black slacks
Hostess Bradley:

Anne
Amsterdam
Alice
Miss Allen

camera
lavatory
traveling
handbag
left hand
Miss Bradley
Dialogue: A bad hijacker.
Alice! Perhaps that passenger is a hijacker!
8

Hostess Allen:
Hostess Bradley:
Hostess Allen:
Hostess Bradley:
Hostess Allen:
Hostess Bradley:
Fat lady:
Handbag:

Which passenger, Anne ? That sad man with the camera?


He's wearing black slacks and a jacket.
No. That fat lady with the big black handbag in her left hand.
Is she standing next to the lavatory?
Yes. She's traveling to Amsterdam.
You're mad, Anne, I don't understand.
You see, when she went into the lavatory she didn't have
that handbag in her hand, and now she's...
(clapping her hands) EVERYBODY STAND! I'm a
hijacker. And in this handbag I have a ...
BANG!

Unit 5 [ ] cup
As snug as a bug in a rug.
My sun had suffered much.
He bought a couple of buns and some honey.
Humpy Dumpy sat on a wall
Humpy Dumpy had a great fall
All the kings horses and all the kings men
Couldnt put Humpy Dumpy together again.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
cap
hat
sack
ban
bag
hag

Sound 2
cup
hut
suck
bun
bug
hug

Test. Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) cap; b) cup
2 a) hat; b) hut
3 a) bag; b) bug

4 a) mad; b) mud
5 a) hang; b) hung
6 a) ran; b) run
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

ugly
untrue
unhappy
understand
shut up
just once
Russ:
(Janet says nothing)
Russ:
Janet:
Russ:
Janet:
Russ:
Janet:
Russ:
Janet:

must
much
lunch
Sunny
cousin
Russ

love
lovely
honey
worry
company
wonderful

Dialogue: I love you


Honey, why are you so sad?
Honey, why are you so unhappy? I don't
understand.
You don't love me, Russ!
But, honey, I love you very much.
That's untrue. You love my cousin, Sunny.
You think she's lovely and I'm ugly.
Janet, just once last month I took Sunny out
for lunch. You mustn't worry. I like your
company much better than Sunny's.
Oh, shut up, Russ.
But, honey, I think you're wonderful. You
mustn't...
Oh, SHUT UP!

Unit 6 [ : ] heart
Mark Calmly back his car
In the dark part of the yard
A large part of the yard was dark.
I laughed and laughed when I saw my art dancing on the yard.
We are walking on the grass
To let the larger cars pass.
The lager cars passing cant harm us
While we are on the grass.
After the party we started to argue.
His father isnt hard-hearted.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


10

Sound 1
cap
hat
cat
ban
match
clack

Sound 2
carp
heart
cart
barn
march
clerk

Sound 1
cup
hut
cut
bun
much
cluck

Sound 2
carp
heart
cart
barn
march
clerk

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1a) hat; b)hut; c) heart
2 a) cat; b) cut; c) cart
3 a) cap; b) cup; c) car

4 a) bun; b) barn
5 a) come; b) calm
6 a) Patty's; b) parties
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:

Ah!
Arnold
So they are!
can't
garden

Margaret:
Barbara:
Martin:
Margaret
Barbara:
Margaret:
Martin:
Barbara:
Margaret:
Barbara:
Martin:

marvellous
bar
far
car
star

guitar
Barbara
Margaret
Charles

smart
Martin
Martha
dark
laugh
photograph

Dialogue: At a party
Wheres your glass, Barbara?
It's on the bar.
Barbara! Margaret! Come into the garden. Martha and
Charles are dancing in the dark.
In the garden? What a laugh!
So they are! They're dancing on the grass!
They're dancing under the stars!
And Arnold's playing his guitar.
Doesn't Martha look smart!
Look at Charles! What a marvellous dancer!
Ah! Let's take a photograph of Martha and Charles.
We can't. It's too dark

Unit 7 Review
Listening: Recognise the sounds you hear.

11

i:

bea bin
beat bit
bea bid
peak pic

a:

Ben
bet
bed
pec

ban
bat
bad
pac

bun
but
bud
Puck

barn
Bart
bard
park

Listen and repeat:


eat
seat
tea

eggs
any
ready

mat
ham
apple

sit
fish
chips

cups
buns
lunch

grass
garden
tart

Unit 8 [ ] clock
Lots and lots of clocks and watches have gone wrong.
My costly clock has stopped.
A cup of coffee hot in a proper copper coffeepot.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
Sound 2
hat
hot
cat
cot
pat
pot
sack
sock
tap
top
backs
box
Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
a) cat; b) cot
4 a) Tammy; b) Tommy
2
a) sack; b) sock
5 a) baddie; b) body
3 a) tap; b) top
6 a) black; b) block
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
off
got
sorry
often
bottle
holiday
on
want
horrible
'Onwash' what's wrong
washing
a long job Mrs Bloggs
popular
Dialogue: TV advertisement for 'Onwash'
Voice A:
Whats wrong with you Mrs Bloggs?
Mrs Bloggs: Whats wrong with me? I want a holiday from this horrible
job of washing socks!
Voice :
Buy a bottle of 'Of onwash', Mrs Bloggs!
12

Voice :
Voice D:
Voice A:
Voice :
Voice C:
Voice D:
Everybody:

'Onwash' is so soft and strong.


You don't want lots of hot water with Onwash.
It's not a long job with 'Onwash'.
Use 'Onwash' often.
You won't be sorry when you've got 'Onwash'.
Everybody wants onwash'.
'Onwash' is so popular!

Unit 9 [o:] Ball


Her naughty daughter was at fault.
The lion walked towards Tom and roared.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
Don
cod
cot
pot
fox
spots

Sound 2
dawn
cord
caught
port
forks
sports

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) spots; b) sports
2 a) pots; b) ports
3 a) cod; b) cord

4 a) shot; b) short
5 a) Rod; b) roared
6 a) what a; b) water
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

or

Paul

awful

score
four

towards
audience

airport
reporter

all
always
footballer

forward
forty
George
walking
'the Roarers' York
13

a
football a forward
match
the score board
score: Roarers
four,
York
forty-four
the goalkeeper
the ball
a
fallen
footballer

Announcer:
Paul Short:
George Ball:
Paul Short:
George Ball:
Paul Short:
George Ball:
Paul Short:
George Ball:

Dialogue: Sports report from Channel 4


This morning the Roarers football team arrived back
from York. Paul Short is our sports reporter, and he was
at the airport,
Good morning. This is Paul Short. All the footballers
are walking towards me. Here's George Ball, the
goalkeeper. Good morning, George.
Good morning. Are, you a reporter?
Yes. I'm from Channel 4. Please tell our audience about
the football match with York.
Well, it was awful. We lost. And the score was four:
forty-four. But it wasn't my fault.
Whose fault was it?
The forwards.
The forwards?
Yes. The forwards. They were always falling down or
losing the ball!

Intonation: Surprise
A:
Mr Short always plays football in the morning.
B:
In the morning?
C:
Mr Short?
D:
Football?
E:
Always?
In this conversation B, C, D and E are all surprised by what A says. B
is surprised that he plays in the morning. C is surprised that Mr Short plays. D
is surprised that he plays football. E is surprised that he always plays.
Practise in pairs. B must sound surprised about the part of the
sentence in italics.
Example:
I saw Audrey at the airport.
A:
I saw Audrey at the airport.
B:
At the airport?
A:
Yes. At the airport.
1
2
3
4
5

I've put the ball in the drawer.


It's too warm to go walking.
Dawn wrote a report in shorthand.
George has bought forty five forks.
I'm going to buy a horse.
14

6 You ought to get up at four in the morning.


7 I saw George when 1 was in New York.
8 It's your fault..

Unit 10 [u] book


Have a good look at the cookery book.
He pushed it and pulled it and than put his foot on it.
She took the book and put it under her foot.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
pot
cock
God
lock
rock
box

Sound 2
put
cook
good
look
rook
books

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) cock; b) cook
2 a) lock; b) look
3 a) god; b) good

4 a) cod; b) could
5 a) Poss; b) Puss
6 a) Brockhurst; b) Brookhurst
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

put
look
good
foot
could

full
cookery books
woman
shouldnt you
bedroom
didnt you
living room Mr Cook
bookshelf
Dialogue: A lost book
Mr Cook: Woman! Could you tell me where youve put my book?
Mrs Cook: Isn't it on the bookshelf?
Mr Cook: No. The bookshelf is full of your cookery books.
Mrs Cook: Then you should look in the bedroom, shouldn't you?
Mr Cook: I've looked. You took that book and put it somewhere didn't
you?
Mrs Cook: The living-room?
15

Mr Cook:
Mrs Cook:
Mr Cook:

No. I've looked. I'm going to put all my books in a box and
lock it!
Look, Mr Cook! It's on the floor next to your foot.
Ah! Good!

Unit 11 [ u: ] boot
He was soon in a gloomy mood.
Only a fool swims as a rule in a cool pool.
Who said that the soup was too cool?
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
look
pull
full
foot
1
2
3
4

Sound 2
Luke
pool
fool
boot

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
a) look; b) Luke
a) full; b) fool
a) pull; b) pool
a) fullish; b) foolish
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Miss Luke:
Girls:

Miss Luke:
Prue:
Miss Luke:
Prue:
Miss Luke:

Sue
June
soup
Prue
unit
stupid
shoe
afternoon
nuisance
threw
excuse me
Miss Luke
twenty two
chewing gum
It was YOU! rude
Dialogue: In a good school
Good afternoon, girls.
Good afternoon, Miss Luke
This afternoon we're going to learn how to cook soup. Open
your books at unit twenty-two
Excuse me, Miss Luke.
Yes, Prue?
There's some chewing gum on your shoe.
Who threw their chewing gum on the floor? Was it you, Prue?
16

Prue:
Miss Luke:
Prue:
June:
Sue:
June:
Sue:
June:
Sue:
Miss Luke:

No, Miss Luke. It was June.


Who?
June Cook
It wasn't me, stupid. It was Sue.
It was you!
It wasn't me, you stupid fool. My mouth's full of chewing gum.
Look Miss Luke
Stop pulling my hair, June. It was you!
YOU!
YOU!
Excuse me! You're being very rude. You two nuisances can
stay in school this afternoon instead of going to the swimming
pool.

Unit 12 [:] girl


She didnt tell the girl was dirty
She said the girl was thirty.
Will Bertha be thirty on her birthday next Thursday?
The nurse said that her first patient was worse than her third.
The purple turban edged with fur and worked with thirty pearls
was purchased by a Persian merchant.
Its early bird that catches the warm.
First come first served.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
four
torn
Paul
warm
ward
walker

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Sound 2
fur
turn
pearl
worn
word
worker

Sound 1
ten
Ben
bed
head
west
kennel
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
shut
huts
bun
bud

Sound 2
shirt
hurts
burn
bird
17

Sound 2
turn
burn
bird
heard
worst
colonel

bug
gull

berg
girl

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) bed; b) bud; c) bird
4 a) walk; b) work
2 a) Ben's; b) buns; c) burns
5 a) short; b) shirt
3 a) ward; b) word
6 a) or; b) er
Practice 4 Listen and repeat:
er
Herbert
sir
Sherman worst
skirts
early
Turner
thirsty
shirts
world
weren't
dirty
nurse
Thursday
colonel
Burton
Curse these nurses
Dialogue: The worst nurse
Sir Herbert:
Nurse!
Colonel Burton: Nurse! I'm thirsty!
Sir Herbert:
Nurse! My head hurts!
Colonel Burton: NURSE!
Sir Herbert:
Curse these nurses!
Colonel Burton: Nurse Sherman always wears such dirty shirts.
Sir Herbert:
And such short skirts.
Colonel Burton: She never arrives at work early
Sir Herbert:
She and . . . er . . . Nurse Turner weren't at work on
Thursday, were they?
Colonel Burton: No, they, weren't
Sir Herbert:
Nurse Sherman is the worst nurse in the ward, isn't
she?
Colonel Burton: No, she isn't. She's the worst nurse in the world!

Unit 13 [] camera
We never know the value of water till the water is dry.
Practice 1
We use the sound // in words and syllables that are not important.
Practice these. In the words on the right the spelling has been changed to
show you when to make the sound //.
Listen and repeat:
a photograph of Barbara
a glass of water

photgrph f Barbr
glass f wat
18

pair f binoculrs
a pair of binoculars
a photograph of her mother and photgrph f h mothr nd
fath
father
book bout South meric
a book about South America
Now practice these:
Example:
A: What's the time?
B: It's a quart t twelve.

Practice 2 Read this story aloud. The spelling has been changed to show
you when to make the sound //.
Barer spent Satday aftnoon looking t beautifal book bout
South mric.
'I want t go t South meric she said t hself.
Th next morning, when Barbr woke up it ws six 'clock, nd h
broths nd sists w still sleep. Barbr looked t thm, nd closed
hr eyes gain.
Then she quitly got out f bed nd started t pack h suitcase.
She took sme comftble clothes out f th cupbd. She packed
pair f binoculs nd h sist's camr. She packed photgrph f
hself and one f h mothr nd fath.
I mustn't fget t have sme breakfst she said t hself. But
then she looked t th clock. It ws quart t seven.
lll jst drink glass ef wat she said.
'a glass ef wate she said.
'Wat she said, nd opened hr eyes.
She ws still in h bed, and h broths and sists w laughing at h.
Tell s what you w dreaming bout, they said t h.
Bt Barbr didn't nsw. She ws thinking about h wondful
journey t South meric.
Practice 3. Weak forms
Ws she dreaming ?
Yes, she was.
This is the sound .
This is the strong form of
was
This is the weak form of' was.
This is a different sound.
19

Listen and repeat:


Ws she thinking about South America?
W her brothers and sisters asleep ?
D they like reading ?
Hve you read about South America?
Ds your friend like reading?
m I talking to myself?
we working hard ?
Hs your friend been to South America?
Cn you swim?

20

Yes, she was.


Yes, they were.
Yes, they do.
Yes, I have.
Yes, he does.
Yes, you are
Yes, you are
Yes, he has.
Yes, I can.

Unit 14 Review
Listening: Recognise the sounds you hear.
0
Polly
folly
cod
what

:
Paul
fall
cord
ward

u
pull
full
could
would

u:
pool
fool
cooed
wooed

:
Pearl
furl
curd
word

Diphthongs
In the pronunciation of diphthongs the organs of speech glide fron one
vowel position to another within one syllable. The starting point, the nucleus, is
strong and distinct. The glide, which shows the direction of the quality change,
is very weak.

Unit 15 [ei] tail


The rain in Spain stays mainly in the plain.
They came the same way
On the same day
By the same train.
They waited in the rain and hail until eight.
Than they painfully came away.
Our maid Marry makes mistakes.
But she never brakes plates and she isnt lazy.
He who makes no mistakes makes nothing.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
pen
shed
tell
wet
test
pepper

Sound 2
pain
shade
tail
wait
taste
paper
21

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) pen; b) pain
2 a) shed; b) shade
3 a) pepper; b) paper

4 a) let; b) late
5 a) letter; b) later
6 a) get; b) gate
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Hey!
say
Mr Grey
may
they
today
railway

Mr Grey:
Porter:
Mr Grey:
Porter:
Mr Grey:
Porter:
Mr Grey:
Porter:
Mr Grey:
Porter:
Mr Grey:

made
afraid
train
timetable
ages
changed

late
waiting
eighty-eight
station
Baker Street
April

Dialogue: At the railway station


(Mr Grey is wiring at the railway station for a train.)
Hey! This train's late! I've been waiting here for ages.
Which train sir?
The 8.18 to Baker Street.
The 8.18? I'm afraid you've made a mistake, sir.
A mistake? My timetable says: Baker Street train -8.18.
Oh no, sir. The Baker Street train leaves at 8.08
At 8.08?
You see, sir, they changed the timetable at the end of April.
It's the first of May today.
Changed it? May I see the new timetable? What does it
say?
It says: Baker Street train - 8.08.
Hm! So the train isn't late. I'm late.

Unit 16 [ai] fine


I like my pipe quite nicely fried for just the right time.
I like my tie and my pipe.
Little Mike look to cook at bright lights.
A stitch in time saves nine.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
22

Sound 1
bar
star
darn
lark
cart
heart

Sound 2
buy
sty
dine
like
kite
height

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
a) cart; b) kite
2
a) darning; b) dining
3
a) star; b) sty
4
a) laugh; b) life
5
a) hard; b) hide
1 a) Pa; b) pie
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
I'm
'Bye
time
mind
Miles

Myra
Violet
riding
climbing
ninety-nine

ice
nice
like
Mike
Nigel

tonight
all right
type
typist
typewriter

Dialogue : Mike, Myra and Violet


(Myra and Violet are typists in the library.)
Hello, Mike!
Hello, Myra. Hello, Violet! Youre looking nice, Violet.

Myra:
Mike:
(silence)
Mike:
Would you like some ice-cream, Violet?
Violet:
No thanks, Mike. Im busy typing. Talk to me some other
time. I have ninety-nine pages to type by Friday.
Mike:
Never mind. Do you like riding, Violet?
Violet:
Sometimes.
Mike:
Would you like to come riding with me tonight, Violet?
Violet:
Not tonight, Mike. Im going for a drive with Nigel.
Mike:
What about Friday?
Violet:
I'm going climbing with Miles.
Mike:
Hm! Oh, all right. Bye!
Myra:
Violet, he's put something behind your typewriter.
23

Violet:
Myra:

Is it something nice, Myra?


No. It's a spider.

Unit 17 [ oi ] boy
That noise is very annoying
Yes, this is very annoying noise.
In a noisy voice he said that oysters were poisonous and I had spoilt his
enjoyment.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
all
ball
corn
tore
jaw

Sound2
oil
boil
coin
toy
joy

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) corn b) coin
2 a) bawling; b) boiling
3 a) all; b) oil

4 a) aw; b) oi
5 a) bore; b) boy
6 a) all; b) oil
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

toy
enjoy
noisiest
destroyed

annoying
boiling
pointing
spoilt

Joyce
voice
Rolls Royce
boyfriend

Dialogue: Joyce's Rolls Royce


(Joyce takes her Rolls Royce to the garage.)
Garage boy: What a terrible noise!
Joyce:
Eh?
Garage boy: (raising his voice) WHAT A TERRIBLE NOISE! This is
the noisiest Rolls Royce I've ever heard.
Joyce:
(pointing) Its out oil.
Garage boy: Out of oil? And look the water's boiling. Madam, a
Rolls Royce isn't a toy Perhaps you've spoilt the motor
24

Joyce:

or even destroyed it.


How annoying! W\uh you're changing the oil, I'll go and
visit my boyfriend, Roy.

Unit 18 Review
Listening: Recognise the sounds you hear.
1
ei
bay
ale
paint
race

2
ai
buy
isle
pint
rice

3
oi
boy
oil
point
Royce

Unit 19 [ au ] house
Mr. Brown found an owl in town.
Round and round the town
Went the crowd shouting
Louder and louder Down with the crown.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
car
bar
bra
grass
arch

Sound 2
cow
bow
brow
grouse
ouch

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) car; b) cow
4 a) ha; b) how
2 a) grass; b) grouse
5 a) ah; b) ow!
3 a) bra; b) brow
6 a) tarn; b) town
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
Ow!
now

ground
Brown

out
mouse
25

our
ours

town
found
round
Mrs Drown:
Mr Brown:
Mrs Drown:
Mr Brown:
Mrs Drown:
Mr Brown:
Mrs Drown:
Mr Brown:
Mrs Drown:
Mr Brown:

lounge
loudly
upside-down

house
shouting
couch

our house

Dialogue: A mouse in a house


(shouting loudly) I'VE FOUND A MOUSE!
Ow! You're shouting too loudly. Sit down and don't shout
(sitting down) I've found a mouse in the house!
A brown mouse?
Yes. A little round mouse. It's running around in the lounge
On the ground?
Yes. It's under the couch now.
Well, get it out.
How?
Turn the couch upside-down. Get it out somehow. We don't
want a mouse in our house. Ours is the cleanest house in the
town!

Unit 20 [u ] phone
Im going to see my old folks at home.
Oh, no. Dont go home alone
Nobody knows how lonely the road is.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
burn
fern
work
flirt

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Sound 2
bone
phone
woke
float

Sound 1
caught
nought
bought
jaw
ball

Sound 2
coat
note
boat
Joe
bow

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) cork; b) coke
2 a) fern; b) phone
3 a) or; b)Oh!
26

4 a) ball; b) bowl
5 a) burn; b) bone
6 a) walk; b) work c) woke
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
Oh!
no
Joe
go
ago
window

Joan:
Joe:
Joan:
Joe:
Joan:
Joe:
Joan:
Joe:
Joan:

know
throw
snow
over
nose
hello

don't
Joan
groans
closed
Jones
October

joking
woke
coat
OK

Dialogue: Snow in October


(Joe Jones is sleeping, but Joan woke up a few minutes ago.)
Joe!Joe! JOE! Hello!
(groans) Oh! What is it, Joan?
Look out of the window.
No: My eyes are closed, and I'm going to go to sleep again.
Don't go to sleep, Joe. Look at the snow!
Snow? But it's only October. I know there's no snow.
Come over to the window, Joe
You're joking, Joan. There's no snow.
OK. I'll put my coat on and go out and make a snowball and throw it
at your nose, Joe Jones!

Unit 21 [ i ] beer
Come nearer here, my dear,
I cant hear you from here.
We are near the end of the year.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
E
bee
tea
pea

Sound 2
ear
beer
tear
pier
27

bead

beard

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) bee; b) beer
2 a) tea; b) tear
3 a) bead; b) beard
4 a) pea; b)pier
5 a) E's; b) ears
6 a) Dee; b) dear
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
Lear
here
hear
dear

Mr Lear:
Mrs Lear:
Mr Lear:
Mrs Lear:
Mr Lear:
Mrs Lear:
Mr Lear:
Mrs Lear
Mr Lear:
Waiter:
Mr Lear:
Mrs Lear:

year
idea
atmosphere
mountaineer

Cheers!
nearly
bearded
disappeared

Austria
windier
easier
clear

Dialogue: A bearded mountaineer


(Mr and Mrs Lear are on holiday in Austria.)
Let's have a beer here, dear.
What a good idea! They have very good beer here. We
came here last year.
The atmosphere here is very clear.
And it's windier than last year.
(speaking to the waiter) Two beers, please.
Look, dear! Look at that mountaineer drinking beer.
His beard is in his beer.
His beard has nearly disappeared into his beer!
Sh, dear! He might hear.
(bringing the beer) Here you are, sir. Two beers.
(drinking his beer) Cheers, dear!
Cheers! Here's to the bearded mountaineer!

Unit 22 [ ] chair
Mary is upstairs airing the room
And dusting the chairs.
Ive really traveled there by air.
Marry has very fair hair.
Such fairness is rare but I dont care.
Take care! Theres a chair on the stair.
28

Practice 1 Listen and repeat:


Sound 1
ear
beer
pier
hear
tear
Cheers
1
2
3
4
5
6

Sound 2
air
bear
pear
hair
tear
chairs

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
a) cheers; b) chairs
a) beer; b) bear
a) pier; b) pear
a) here; b) hair
a) dear; b) Dare
a) clear; b) Claire
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
Claire
pair
chair
square
where

Mary:
Claire:
Mary:
Claire:
Mary:
Claire:
Mary:
Claire:
Mary:
Claire:

there
they're
wearing
Mary
hairbrushes

nowhere
anywhere
everywhere
upstairs and downstairs
carefully

Dialogue: A pair of hairbrushes


I've lost two small hairbrushes, Claire. They're a pair.
Have you looked carefully everywhere?
Yes. They're nowhere here.
Have you looked upstairs?
Yes. I've looked everywhere upstairs and downstairs. They
aren't anywhere.
Hm! Are they square, Mary?
Yes. They're square hairbrushes. Have you seen them
anywhere?
: Well, you're wearing one of them in your hair!
Oh! Then where's the other one?
It's over there under the chair.

29

Consonants

Unit 23 [ p ] pen
[ p ], [ t ], [ k ] in initial position in stressed syllable are accompanied by
aspiration strong puff of breath after the explosion of [ p, t, k ] before a vowel.
Aspiration is very strong before a vowel or a diphthong; it is weaker before a
short vowel. It is less noticeable before an unstressed vowel or in initial
position.
Pitter Piper picked a pack of pickled peppers
A pack of pickled peppers pitter Piper picked
If Pitter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers
Wheres the pack of pickled peppers
Pitter Piper picked?
a pen
a pencil
a pin
a pear
Peter

Poppy
Paris
a pocket
a postcard
a passport

Practice 1 Listen and repeat:


a passenger a piece of pork pie
a policeman
an airport
a newspaper
stupid
a pepper pot
impatient
a spoon
a plane

a plastic plate
an apple, please
people
pretty
surprise

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


The sound p is quieter in these words:
A cup
A pipe
An envelope
A stamp
Help
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
The sound p is very quiet in these words:
empty
upstairs
dropped
help me
helpful
perhaps
Mr Tupman
stop shouting
stop talking
stop pulling
Dialogue : Passports, please
(Mr and Mrs Tupman are at the airport. They have just got off
the plane from Paris.)
Official:
Passports, please I
Mr Tupman: I think Ive lost the passports, Poppy.
30

Mrs Tupman: How stupid of you, Peter! Didn't you put them in your
pocket?
Mr Tupman: (emptying his pockets) Here's a pen ... a pencil ... my
pipe ...a postcard... an envelope ... a stamp ... a pin
Mrs Tupman: Oh, stop taking things out of your pockets. Perhaps you
put them in the plastic bag.
Mr Tupman: (emptying the plastic bag) Here's a newspaper... an
apple ... a pear... a plastic cup ... a spoon ... some
paper plates ... a piece of pork pie ... a pepper pod
Mrs Tupman: Oh, stop pulling things out of the plastic bag, Peter.
These people are getting impatient.
Mr Tupman: Well, help me, Poppy
Mrs Tupman: We've lost our passports. Perhaps we dropped them on
the plane.
Official:
Then let the other passengers st, please.
Mr Tuprnan: Poppy, why don't you help? You aren't being very
helpful. Put the things in the plastic bag.
Official:
Your name, please?
MrTupman:
Tupman.
Official:
Please go upstairs with this policeman, Mr Tupman.

Unit 24 [ b ] baby
A big black bear bit a big black bug
A big black bug bit a big black bear.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
pin
pen
pear
cap
pup
poppy

Sound 2
bin
Ben
bear
cab
pub
Bobby

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) pin; b) bin
2 a) Poppy; b) Bobby
3
a) pup; b)pub
4
a) pig; b)big
31

5
6

a) pack; b) back
a) peach; b) beach
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
Barbara
birthday
beautiful
butterfly

Bob:
Barbara:
Bob:
Barbara:
Bob:
Barbara:
Bob:
Barbara:
Bob:
Barbara:
Bob:

Ruby
about
remember
somebody

black
blue
blouse
terribly

brown
brother
hairbrush
Bob

Dialogue: Happy birthday


Hello, Barbara.
Hello Bob. It's my birthday today.
Oh yes! Your birthday! Happy birthday Barbara!
Thanks Bob. Somebody gave me this blouse for my birthday.
What a beautiful blouse! It's got brown and blue butterflies on
it.
And big black buttons.
Did Ruby buy it for you?
Yes. And my brother gave me a hairbrush and a book about
baby birds.
I didn't remember your birthday, Barbara. Im terribly sorry.
Well, you can buy me a big bottle of perfume, Bob!
I've got a better idea. We'll get into a cab and go to a pub,
and I'll buy you a bottle of beer!

Unit 25 [ t ] tin
Too many teenagers tend to spend their time watching television.
The trip by train took a tiresome twenty-two hours.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
tin
tennis
top
cafeteria
fourteen
thirteen

tell the time


ten to ten
telephone
photographer
tomato
restaurant

pretty assistant
steak
student
upstairs

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


32

[t] is quieter in these words :


hat
cricket bat
coat
let
skirt
lift
shirt
basement
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
[t] is also quiet in these words:
travel
bootlace
coats
try
bottle
coats
lavatory
little
skirts
twenty
gentleman shirts
twelve
exactly
restaurants
twins
cricket bats department store
want some
first floor
fat man
light bulbs
hot meal
fruit juice
Dialogue: In a department store.
Pretty girl: I want to buy a hat coat, skirt.
Assistant:
Hats are upstairs on the next floor / Coats / first / Skirts /
Shirts
Fat man:
Where can I get a hot meal?
Assistant:
The restaurant is on the thirteenth floor: cafeteria
Little girl:
I want to buy some bootlaces, light bulbs, bottles of fruit
juice.
Assistant:
They're on the next counted on your left, dear.
Tall lady:
I want some tins of tomato paste steak.
Assistant:
Try the supermarket in the basement,
Gentleman: Could you tell me where the travel agency Lavatory
Assistant:
It's right next to the cafeteria on the thirteenth restaurant
floor.
Student:
I want to buy a football, cricket bat, tennis racquet.
Assistant:
Take the lift to the sports department It's on the top floor
fourteenth
Little boy:
Could you tell me where the telephone is?
Assistant:
It's on the twelfth floor opposite the photograph.
Twins:
Could you tell us the time, please?
Assistant:
Yes. It's exactly twenty-two minutes to ten.

33

Unit 26 [ d ]
Dennies daughter Diana doesnt dislike darning.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
tore
tarts
cart
write
train
trunk

Sound 2
door
darts
card
ride
drain
drunk

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) writing; b) riding 4 a) sent; b) send
2 a) cart; b) card
5 a) tarts; b) darts
3 a) bat; b) bad
6 a) try; b) dry
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
do
date
Daisy
Dotty
darlig
dancing
Daisy:
Donald:
Daisy:
Donald:
Daisy:
Donald:
Daisy:
Donald:
Daisy:
Donald:
Daisy:

told
tried
rained
stayed
studied
repaired

did
David
Donald
decided
damaged
goodbye

Sidney
didnt
cards
bad cold
children

Dialogue: A damaged telephone


Dunston 238282.
Hello, Daisy. This is Donald.
Oh, hello, darling.
What did you do yesterday, Daisy? You forgot our date, didn't
you?
Weil, it rained all day, Donald, and I have a bad cold, so I
decided to stay at home.
Did ou? I telephoned twenty times and nobody answered.
Oh, the telephone was damaged. They repaired it today.
What did David do yesterday? Did he and Dotty go dancing?
No. They stayed at home and played cards with the children.
And what did you do? Did you play cards too?
No. Sidney and I listened to, the radio and studied. What did
34

Donald:

you do yesterday, Donald?


I've just told you, Daisy. I tried to phone you twenty times!
Pronunciation: -ed ending
Listen and repeat:
ed = d ed = t ed = id

played
cleaned
snowed
closed
filled
studied

brushed
laughed
pushed
watched
danced
walked

waited
painted
shouted
wanted
landed
departed

Unit 27 [ k ] key
Take care not to make many mistakes when you bake those cakes.
If we keep quiet we may be lucky and see the cockoo.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
car
carpet
cuckoo
cup of coffee

American
ticket
pocket
school

scarf
because
scooter
sky
of course

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


[k]is usually quieter here:
like
talk

look
work

milk
ask

plastic

Practice 3 Listen and repeat:


[k] is usually quieter here:
black dog
take two
cake fork

electric
picture
exactly

bookshelf
asked
worked

Practice 4 Listen and repeat:


35

looked
talked

Clark
clock
clever
cream
cricket
Mrs Cook
Mrs Clark:
Mrs Cook
Mrs Clark:
Mrs Cook
Mrs Clark:
Mrs Cook
Mrs Clark:
Mrs Cook
Mrs Clark:
Mrs Cook
Clock:
Mrs Clark:
Clock:

six
next
exciting
expensive
excuse me

cakes
forks
clocks
likes
talks

quiet
quick
quickly
question
thank you

Dialogue: The cuckoo clock


Would you like some cream in your coffee, Mrs Clark ?
No thank you. But I'd like a little milk.
Would you like some chocolate cakes?
Thank you.
Take two. Here's a cake fork, and here's a
Excuse me, Mrs Cook. But what's that next to your
bookshelf? Is it a clock?
Yes. It's an American cuckoo clock.
Is it plastic?
Oh, no, Mrs Clark. It's a very expensive clock. It's an
electric clock.
Well, it's exactly six o'clock now, and it's very quiet.
Doesnt t it say cuckoo?
: Of course, Mrs Clark. Look
Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo! Cuckoo!
How exciting! What a clever clock!
Cuckoo!

Unit 28 [ g ] girl
If you go digging in the garden, dont forget to take your old
grey gloves.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
cold
coat
curl
class
back
clock

Sound 2
gold
goat
girl
glass
bag
clog

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
36

1 a) cold; b) gold
2 a) back; b) bag
3
a) clock; b) clog

4
5
6

a) curl; b) girl
) frock b)frog
a) clue b) glue

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


give
beginning
get
together
again

Craig:
Carol:
Craig:
Carol:
Craig:
Carol:
Craig:
Carol:

guests
garden
gun
good
go

August
guitar
dog
Craig
Greg

Greek
Margaret
telegram
glad
England

Dialogue: Guests in August.


Ive just got a telegram from Margaret and Greg.
Are they coming to England again?
Yes. At the beginning of August.
Good. We can all get together again.
I'm glad they're coming in August. We can take the dog and
go for walk together.
Yes. And we can give a garden party.
And Margaret can play her guitar in the garden and sing Greek
songs again.
August is a good time to come to England.

Unit 29 [ s ] s
-I cant think of six thin things. Can you?
-Yes, I can think of six thin things and of six thick things too.
This is the third time this month that I have a sore throat.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sue
bus
said

sip
price
piece

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


sit

sensible

interesting
37

sleep

six

Sam
sand
Saturday
Sunday
sailing

outside
seaside
star
its expensive
lets

instead
just
skiing

spend
swim

yes
Alice

exciting

Dialogue: It's expensive


Sam:
Alice:
Sam:
Alice:
Sam:
Alice:

Let's go to the seaside on Saturday.


Yes! Let's go sailing and water-skiing. That's exciting.
It's expensive too. Let's just sit in the sun and go swimming
instead
Let's stay in the Six Star Hotel and spend Sunday there too".
Be sensible, Alice. It's too expensive. Let's sleep outside instead.
Yes. Let's sleep on the sand. That's more exciting.
Reading. Practice reading aloud:
The smile of a snake

She speaks slowly, and smokes special, expensive cigarettes.


As she steps upstairs, her long skirt sweeps over her silver slippers. She
is small and smart and sweet-smelling. Her skin is like snow.
'You have stolen my heart!' I once said stupidly, and she
smiled. But when she smiled, she smiled the smile of a snake.

Unit 30 [ z ] zoo
Is this this is? This is is this.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
Sue
said
sip
buss
piece
price

Sound 2
zoo
Z
zip
buzz
peas
prize

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
38

1 b) bus; b) buzz
2 a) sip; b) zip
3 a) price; b) prize

4 a) pence; b) pens
5 a) police; b) please
6 a) Sackville; b) Zackville
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Zzz!
zoo
buzzing
surprising
amazing
surprises'
buzzes"

Mrs Smith:
Mrs Jones:
Mrs Smith:
Mrs Jones:
Mrs Smith:
Mrs Jones:
Mrs Smith:
Sack:
Mrs Jones:
Mrs Smith:
Mrs Jones:
Box:
Mrs Smith:
Mrs Jones:
Mrs Smith:

Mrs
these
bees
is
does
says
noise

hisses
smells.
something's
contains
Jones
isn't

Dialogue: Surprises in the post office


This parcel smells Mrs Jones.
Something's written on it.
What does it say?
It says: This parcel contains six mice
Pooh!
Listen! What's in this sack?
It's making a strange hissing noise.
(hisses) gssssssssssssss!
Mrs Smith ! It's a sack of snakes!
So it is! And what's in this box, Mrs Jones?
It's making a buzzing sound?
Zzzzzzzzzzzzzzl
These are bees!
A parcel of mice! And a sack of snakes! And a box of frees!
This is very surprising.
It's amazing. This isn't a post office, Mrs Jones. It's a zoo!

Unit 31 [ ] shoe
She sells sea- shells on the sea-shore.
The shells she sells are sea-shells, Im sure.
For if she sells sea -shells on the sea shore
Than Im sure she sells sea-shells.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1

Sound 2
39

sea
sue
sip
ass
Ross
puss

she
shoe
ship
ash
rush
push

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) Sue's; b) shoes
2 a) ass; b) ash
3 a) puss; b) push
4 a) sack; b) shack
5 a) scats; b) sheets
6 a) save; b) shave
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
sheets
shall
shop
shut
shouldnt

Mrs Marsh:
Mr Shaw:
Mrs Marsh:
Mr Shaw:
Mrs Marsh:
Mr Shaw:
Mrs Marsh:
Mr Shaw:
Mrs Marsh:
Mr Shaw:
Mrs Marsh:

Shaw
shake
show
shirts
sure

washing
machine
special
Marsch
wish

Swedish
English
shrunk
finished
demonstartio
n

Dialogue: A special washing machine.


Does this shop sell washing machines?
Yes. This is the newest washing machine, madam.
Is it Swedish?
No, madam. It's English.
Please show me how it washes.
Shall I give you a demonstration? Here are some sheets
and shirts. You put them in the machine. You shut the
door. And you push this button.
The machine shouldn't shake like that, should it?
Washing machines always shake madam. Ah! It's
finished now.
But the sheets have shrunk and so have the shirts.
Do you wish to buy this machine, madam?
I'm not sure.
40

Unit 32 [] television
Eat at pleasure, drink with measure.
I cant measure the pleasure I have in viewing this treasure at leisure.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
television
garage
measuring tape

treasure
casual clothes
Asia

an unusual collision

Unit 33 [ ] cherry
What a charming child!
How much wood would a wood-chuck chuck
If a wood-chuck would chuck wood?
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
ship
sheep
sherry
cash
wash

sound 2
chips
cheap
cherry
catch
watch

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1a) shop; b) chop
2a) sherry; b) cherry
3a) washing; b) watching
4a) ships; b) chips
5a) shin; b) chin
6 a) shoes; b) choose
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
children
cheque

butchers shop
clump chops
41

Mrs Church
much

Cheshire
cheaper
choose

Shoulder chops
a delicious chicken
childrens lunch

which

Dialogue: At the butcher's shop


Butcher:
Mrs Church:
Butcher:
Mrs Church:
Butcher:
Mrs Church:
Butcher:
Mrs Church:
Butcher:

Good morning, Mrs Church.


Good morning Mr Cheshire. I'd like some chops for the
children's lunch.
Chump chops or shoulder chops Mrs Church?
Mrs Church: Ill have four shoulder chops, and I want a small
chicken.
Would you like to choose a chicken, Mrs Church?
Which one is cheaper?
This one's the cheapest. It's a delicious chicken.
How much is all that? I haven't got cash. Can I pay by cheque?
Of course, Mrs Church.

Unit 34 [] jam
Teaching geography is the joy of his life.
Jack and Gill went up the hill
To fetch a pallet water
Jack fell down and broke his crown
And Jill came tumbling after.
The aged judge urges the jury to be just but generous.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
cheap
choke
chin
cherry
larch
h

Sound 2
jeep
joke
gin
Jerry
large
age

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1

a) choking; b) joking
42

2
a) larch; b) large
3 a) cheap; b)jeep
4 a) chain; b)Jane
5 a ) c hil ly ; b) Ji l ly
6
a) cheered; b) jeered
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
gin
jeep
January
just
joke
jail
Jerry:
John:
Jerry:
John:
Jerry:
John:
Jerry:
John:
Jerry:
John:
Jerry:

dangerous
manager
agency
injured
passenger
damaged

village
bridge
edge
large
George Churchill
ginger-haired chap

Dialogue: George Churchill


Just outside this village there's a very dangerous bridge.
Yes. Charles told me two jeeps crashed on it in January. What
happened?
Well George Churchill was the driver of the larger jeep, and he
was driving very dangerously. He'd been drinking gin.
George Churchill? Do I know George Churchill?
Yes. That ginger-haired chap. He's the manager of the travel
agency in Chester.
Oh, yes. I remember George. He's always telling jokes. Well,
was anybody injured?
Oh, yes. The other jeep went over the edge of the bridge, and
two children and another passenger were badly injured
Were both the jeeps damaged?
Oh, yes.
And what happened to George?
George? He's telling jokes in jail now, I suppose!

Unit 35 [ f ] fan
This fish has a thin fin
That fish has a thick fin
This fish is a fish that has a thinner fin than that fish.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
43

Sound 1
pin
peel
pail
pine
ship
harp

Sound 2
fin
feel
fail
fine
sniff
half

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


Sound 1
hat
heat
hill
heel
hall
hole

Sound 2
fat
feet
fill
feel
fall
foal

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
2
3
4
5
6

a) pin; b) fin
a) peel; b) feel
a) snipping; b) sniffing
a) heel; b) feel
a) hat; b) fat
a) pole; b) hole; c) foal
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
fill in
finished
feels fine
five
for
form
February

Phillip:
Photographer:

full front
friendly
office
sofa
profile
telephone
beautiful

comfortable
after
Mr Puffin
difficult
if
wife
laugh

photograph
photographer
myself
soft
Phillip
Phillippa

Dialogue: At the photographer's


I want a photograph of myself and my wife.
Please fill in this form please sir. Would you prefer a full
44

Phillip:
Phiilippa:
Photographer:
Phiilippa:
Photographer:
Phillip:
Photographer:
Phillip:
Phiilippa :
Photographer:

front photograph or a profile?


A full front, don't you think, Phillippa?
Yes. A full front photograph.
Please sit on this sofa. Is it comfortable, Mrs Puffin?
Yes. It feels fine.
Mr Puffin, please give a friendly laugh.
Thats difficult. If you say something funny I can laugh.
And, Mrs Puffin, please look soft and beautiful.
(laughs)
Is it finished?
Yes.

Unit 36[v] van


Little Vinny is very vain.
My very valuable vest has vanished.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
feel
fine
fail
few
leaf
half

Sound 2
veal
vine
veil
view
leave
halve

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:


Sound 1
bet
best
ban
bolts
boat
bowl

Sound 2
vet
vest
van
volts
vote
vole

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
a) few; b) view

2 a) half; b) halve
45

3 a) fast; b) vast
4 a) boat; b) vote

5 a) bolts; b) volts
6 a) fowls; b) bowels; c) vowel
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:

Vera
very
village
valley
van
Victor
Vera:
Victor:
Vera:
Victor:
Vera:
Victor:

living
November
leaving
driving
lived
arrived

have
five
love
lovely
leaves

Dialogue: A fine view


Has your family lived here for very long?
Five and a half years. We arrived on the first of February.
What a fine view you have!
Yes. I love living here.
Look! You can see the village down in the valley?
Yes. It's a lovely view.

Unit 37 [ w ] window
Why do you cry, Wiley, why do you cry?
Why Wiley, Why Wiley, Why?
Whenever we meet you
There is a tear in your eye
Why Wiley, Why Wiley, Why?
When the weather is wet
We must not fret
When the weather is cold
We must not scold
When the weather is warm
We must not storm
But be thankful together
Whatever the weather.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
V
veal

we
wheel
46

vest
vet
vine
veil

west
wet
wine
whale

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) vine; b) wine
2 a) V; b) we
3 a) veal; b) wheel

4 a) verse; b) worse
5 a) veils; b) whales
6 a) viper; b) wiper
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

when
well
wet
Wendy
went
which
what was
watched

Gwen:
Wendy:
Gwen:
Wendy:
Gwen:
Wendy:
Gwen:
Wendy:

walk
warm
wonderful
woods
why
wild
white wine

were
twelve
where
twenty
wore
quiet
away
quickly
railway
sweet
everywher Gwen
sandwiche squirrel
s
s
Dialogue: A walk in the wood
Did you see Victor on Wednesday, Wendy?
Yes. We went for a walk in the woods near the railway.
Wasn't it cold on Wednesday?
Yes. It was very cold and wet. We wore warm clothes and
walked quickly to keep warm.
It's lovely and quiet in the woods.
Yes. Further away from the railway it was very quiet, and
there were wild squirrels everywhere. We counted twenty
squirrels.
How wonderful! Twenty squirrels! And did you take lunch
with you?
Yes. About twelve we had veal sandwiches and sweet
white wine, and we watched the squirrels. It was a very
nice walk.

Unit 38 [ j ] yellow
What cant be cured must be endured.
William yelled loudly at the football match yesterday.
47

Hell find very interesting news in the newspaper.


Stuart wants a newer of pure water.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
joke
jack
Jam
Jess
jeers

yolk
yak
yam
yes
years

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
a) joke; b) yolk
2
a) jam; b) yam
3 a) Jess; b) yes
4 a) jeers; b) years
5 a) juice; b) use
6
a) jet; b) yet
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
yes
yesterday
yellow
years
York
Europe
onion
Jim:
Jack:
Jim:
Jack:
Jim:
Jack:
Jim:
Jack:
Jim:
Jack:

tubes
stupid
student
stew
Hugh
huge
young

few
knew
New
York
music
beautiful
produces

millionaire
you
university
excuse me
tutor
tunes
tuba

Dialogue: A stupid student


Excuse me. Did you use to live in York?
Yes.
Did you use to be a tutor at the University?
Yes. For a few years.
Do you remember Hugh Young? He was a music student.
Hugh Young? Did he use to have a huge yellow jeep?
Yes. And he used to play beautiful tunes on the tuba.
Yes, I knew Hugh. He used to be a very stupid student. Do
you have any news of Hugh ?
Yes. He's a millionaire now in New York.
A millionaire? Playing the tuba?
48

Jim:

Oh, no. He produces jam in tubes, and tins of sausages and


onion stew, and sells them in Europe. I read about Hugh in the
newspaper yesterday.
Jack: Oh! Well, he wasn't so stupid.

Unit 39 [ h ] hat
How high he holds his head.
Henry had a huge hole in the heel of the sole.
He wished Helen happy holidays.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
ill
eel
and
old
ear
eye

Sound 2
hill
heel
hand
hold
hear
high

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) eels; b) heels
2 a) and; b) hand
3 a) eye; b) high

4 a) art; b) heart
5 a) ow; b) how
6 a) air; b) hair
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

hit
Hilda
Mrs Higgins
hello
Helen
husband

having
happened
hospital
horrible
how
house

horse
heard
hope
perhaps
behind
unhappy

Dialogue : A horrible accident


Helen:
Ellen:
Helen:

Hello, Ellen.
Hello, Helen. Have you heard? There's been a horrible
accident.
Oh, dear! What's happened?
49

Ellen:
Helen:
Ellen:
Helen:
Ellen:
Helen:
Ellen:
Helen:
Ellen:

Hilda Higgins' husband has had an accident on his horse.


How awful! Is he injured?
Yes. An ambulance has taken him to hospital.
How did it happen?
He was hit by an express train. It was on the crossing just
behind his house.
How horrible!
He's having an important operation in hospital now. Poor
Hilda! She's so unhappy.
Perhaps he'll be all right.
I hope so.

Unit 40 [ ] thin
I cant think of six thin things. Can you?
Yes, I can think of six thin things and of six thick things too.
This is the third time this month that I have a sore throat.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
mouse
sum
sick
sink
pass

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Sound2
mouth
thumb
thick
think
path

Sound 1
free
first
fin
Fred
half

Sound 2
three
thirst
thin
thread
hearth

Practice 3 Listen and repeat:


Sound 1
tin
tree
tanks
sheet

Sound 2
thin
three
thanks
sheath

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1
a) sink; b) think
2 a) mouse; b) mouth
3 a) tin; b) thin

4 a) taught; b) thought
5 a) moss; b) moth
6 a) fought; b) thought
50

Practice 4 Listen and repeat:


thank you
thought
thousand
thirsty
Thursday
thirty -three

Ethel
author
nothing
something
birthday
mathematician

Judith
worth
Mrs Smith
Smiths
Edith
moths

Dialogue: Gossip
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:
Ethel:
Judith:

Edith Smith is only thirty.


Is she? I thought she was thirty-three.
Edith's birthday was last Thursday.
Was it? I thought it was last month.
The Smiths' house is worth thirty thousand
pounds.
Is it? I thought it was worth three thousand.
Mr Smith is the author of a book about moths.
Is he? I thought he was a mathematician.
I'm so thirsty.
Are you ? I thought you drank something at the
Smiths.
No. Edith gave me nothing to drink.
Shall I buy you a drink?
Thank you.

Unit 41 [ ] the feather


Is this this is? This is is this.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
Dan
day
dare
doze
Ida

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Sound 2
than
they
there
those
either

Sound 1
bays
close
whiz
breeze
boos
51

Sound 2
bathe
clothe
with
breathe
booth

size

scythe

Practice 3 Listen and repeat:


Sound 1
Whats this?
What are those?
Whats this?
Whats that?
What are these?
Whos that

Sound 2
This is the zoo
Thats a zebu
This is Z
Thats a zero
These are zips
Thats Zack

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) Ida; b) either
2
a) day; b) they
3 a) dares; b) there's

4 a) size; b) scythe
5 a) bays; b) bathe
6 a) boos; b) boot
Practice 4 Listen and repeat:

the
this
that
clothes

Miss Brothers:
Assistant:
Miss Brothers:
Assistant:
Miss Brothers:
Assistant:
Miss Brothers:
Assistant:

together
feathers
leather
Miss
Brothers

another
smoother
rather

Dialogue: The hat in the window


I want to buy the hat in the window.
There are three hats together in the window, madam.
Do you want the one with the feathers?
No. The other one.
The small one for three pounds?
No. Not that one either. That one over there. The
leather one.
Ah I The leather one. Now this is another leather hat,
madam. It's better than the one in the window. It's
smoother leather.
Id rather have the one in the window. It goes with
my clothes.
Certainly, madam. But we don't take anything out of
the window until three o'clock on Thursday.
52

Unit 42[ m ] mouth


Needless and pins, needless and pins
When a man marries
His troubles begin.
The murmur of the bees in the elms bring back memories of many
memorable summers.
Since time immemorial the moon has moved men to make poems.
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:
Mm!
me
met
may
make
may be
Mitcham
Jim:
Mrs Smith:
Jim:
Mrs Smith:
Jim:
Mrs Smith:
Jim:

tomorrow
summer
family
crumpets
Cambridge
remember

him
Tim
time
come
some
home

Smith
small
smart
Mum
home-made
Tom

Dialogue : Mums crumpets


Mum, may Tom Mitcham come home with me for tea
tomorrow?
Of course, Jim. Have I met Tom before?
You met him in the summer. He's very small and smart.
Oh, yes. I remember Tom. Does his family come from
Cambridge?
Yes. Oh, Mum! Will you make some home-made crumpets
tomorrow?
Mm ... maybe. If I have time.
I told Tom about your crumpets, Mum. That s why he's
coming for tea tomorrow!

Unit 43 [ n ] nose
Needless and pins, needless and pins
When a man marries
His troubles begin.
53

That fine bunch of bananas will make a nice snack for noon.
Theres no news of Annie.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
me
mile
mine
Tim
comb
name

Sound 2
knee
Nile
nine
tin
cone
mane

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) combs; b) cones
2 a) mine; b) nine
3 a) name; b) mane

4 a) some; b) sun
5 a) warm; b) warn
6
a) money; b) mummy
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

noise
morning
rent
agency
oven
often
seven
eleven

apartment
unfinished
inexpensive
month
station
accommodation
television
prison

North end Avenue


central London
ninety-nine
11.15
garden
kitchen
Mr Mason
certainly

Dialogue: At an accommodation agency


Mason:
Good morning. I want an apartment in central London.
Manager: Certainly, sir. How much rent did you want to pay?
Mason:
No more than 27 a month.
Manager: 27 a month? We don't often have apartments as
inexpensive as that. We have one apartment for 29 a
month in North end Avenue. It's down near the station.
Mason:
Is it furnished?
Manager: No. It's unfurnished. The kitchen has no oven. It's
forbidden to use the garden. No friends in the apartment
54

after eleven in the evening. No noise and no television


after 11.15. No...
No thank you! I want an apartment, not a prison!

Mason:

Unit 44[ ] ring


One Italian singer as little as a finger.
Went sing a song sailing on a boat
And if the boat had been stronger
His song would have been longer.
Everything is going wrong.
Seeing is believing.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound1
win
thin
ban
ran
run
Ron

Practice 2 Listen and repeat:

Sound 2
wing
thing
bang
rang
rung
wrong

Sound 1
wink
sink
rink
stink
bank

Sound 2
wing
sing
ring
sting
bang

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) Ron; b) wrong
2 a) ran; b) rang
3 a) sinks; b) sings

4 a) win; b)wink; c) wing


5 a) ban; b) bank; c) bang
6 a) sinners; b) sinkers; c) singers
Practice 3 Listen and repeat:

pink
Mr King
think
Mr Pring
drink
morning
finger
something
angrily
standing
happening hanging
55

running
ringing
singing
bringing
banging
strong
string

Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:
Mrs Pring:
Mr Pring:

Dialogue: Noisy neighbours


(angrily) Bang! Bang! Bang! What are the Kings doing at
seven o'clock on Sunday morning?
Well, Mr King is singing.
Yes, but what's the banging noise?
(looking out of the window) He's standing on a ladder
and banging some nails into the wall with a hammer. Now
he's hanging some strong string on the nails.
And what's Mrs King doing?
She's bringing something pink for Mr King to drink. Now
she's putting it under the ladder, and ... Ohh!
What's happening?
The ladder's falling.
What's Mr King doing?
He's hanging from the string. He's holding the string in his
fingers and he's shouting to Mrs King.
And is she helping him?
No. She's running to our house. Now she's ringing our bell.
I'm not going to answer it. I'm sleeping.

Unit 45 [ l ] letter Part 1


There are two variants of letter L in English language. It is dark when
pronounced before consonants and in final poisition. When L occurs before
vowels the sonorant [ j ] it is clear.
Let Lucy light a candle and well all look for the missing ball.
He lost his life in the struggle for liberty.
He laughs best who laughs last.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
no
night
nine
Jenny
bin
ten

Sound 2
low
light
line
jelly
bill
tell
56

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) night; b) light
2 a) no; b) low
3 a)Jenny; b)jelly
Mr Allen:
Waitress:
Mr Allen:
Waitress:
Mr Allen:
Waitress:
Mr Allen:
Waitress:
Mr Allen:

4 a) knot; b) lot
5 a) snow; b) slow
6
a) snacks; b) slack
Dialogue: Early for lunch
Hello Lily. You're looking lovely today.
Hello, Mr Allen. You're early for lunch. It's only eleven
o'clock.
When I come later there's usually nothing left..
What would you like?
Leg of lamb, please.
And would you like a plate of salad? It's lettuce with black
olives.
Marvellous! I love olives.
And would you like a glass of lemonade?
Yes please, Lily. And a slice of melon and some yellow
jelly.

Unit 46 [ l ] ball Part 2


He laughs best who laughs last.
In these words I has a slightly different sound:
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Bill
Paul
tell
fall
pull
Ill
small
fault

Paul:
Uncle Bill:
Salesman:

help
myself
holding
difficult
salesman
a spoilt child
always
gentleman

uncle
bicycle
careful
beautiful
sensible
special
little

Dialogue: A spoilt little boy in a bicycle shop


What a beautiful bicycle!
Paul! Be careful!
Excuse me, sir. This child is too small to ride this bicycle. It's
a very difficult bicycle to ...
57

Uncle Bill:
Paul:
Salesman:
Paul:
Uncle Bill:
Paul:

Be careful Paul!
You always tell me to be careful. Don't help me. I wont fall.
But, sir. This is a very special bicycle. It's ...
Don't pill the bicycle, Uncle Bill. I'll do it myself.
Be sensible, Paul. This gentleman says it's a...
(Paul falls) It was Uncle Bill's fault. He was holding the bicycle.

Unit 47 [ r ] rain
Robert Rolly rolled the round roll around
A round roll Robert Rolly rolled around
If Robert Rolly rolled a round roll around
Where is the round roll Robert Rolly rolled around?
The real reason is really rather curious.
Practice 1 Listen and repeat:
Sound 1
long
light
load
jelly
fly
glass

Sound 2
wrong
right
road
Jerry
fry
grass

Test Tick the words you recognise in the sentences you hear:
1 a) long; b) wrong
4 a) collect; b) correct
2 a) jelly; b)Jerry
5 a) lane; b) rain
3
a) glass; b) grass
6 a) flea; b) free
Practice 2 Listen and repeat:
Ruth
Rita
Rosemary
Mrs Reed
restaurant
Russia
everywhere in
Europe

very
Jerry
Paris
married
parent
America
interesting
secretary

pretty
proud
France
waitress
countries
Austria

58

grownup
Greece
drives

Practice 3 Listen and repeat:


railway
really
Roland
Mrs Randal
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:
Mrs Randal:
Mrs Reed:

Laura
lorry
library
librarian

cleverest
electrician
children
Australia

Dialogue : A proud parent


Are all the children grown up now, Ruth?
Oh, yes. Laura is the cleverest one. She's a librarian in
the public library.
Very interesting. And what about Rita?
She's a secretary at the railway station.
And what about Rosemary? She was always a very
pretty child.
Rosemary is a waitress in a restaurant in Paris. She's
married to an electrician.
And what about Jerry and Roland?
Jerry drives a lorry. He drives everywhere in Europe.
Really? Which countries does he drive to?
France and Austria and Greece and Russia.
And does Roland drive a lorry too?
Oh, no. Roland is a pilot.
Really? Which countries does he fly to?
Australia and America.

Unit 48 [ r ] girl
New York
later
quater
depart
weather
airport
afternoon
announcer
order
passengers
sir
earlier
forbidden
are
departure
wonderful
beer
forecaster
German
dear
supermarket
upstairs
four
Dr Darling
marvelous
more
Mr Martin
emergency
there
storm
sure
worse
The letter r is silent in these words. When there is no vowel
59

following it, r is silent.


Announcer:
Dr Darling:
Mr Martin:
Dr Darling:
Mr Martin:
Air hostess:
Mr Martin:
Air hostess:

Dialogue: In the airport


The 2.30 plane to New York will depart later this
afternoon at four forty four. Passengers on this flight are
forbidden to leave the airport.
Wonderful! I'm going to the bar to order some more
German beer.
Where's the bar?
It's upstairs. There's a bookshop too. And a
supermarket. This is a marvelous airport!
Oh dear! I wanted to get to New York earlier. Ah! Here's
an airhostess. Excuse me. I don't understand. Has there
been an emergency?
Oh, no, sir. There's just a storm, and the weather
forecast says it will get worse. So the plane will leave a
little later this afternoon.
Are you sure?
Oh, yes, sir. Our departure time is at four forty-four.

60

Read the text out with an appropriate intonation.


Congratulations! | Today is your day.| You are off to Great Places!| You
have brains in your head.| You have feet in your shoes.| You can steer yourself
any direction you choose.| You are on your own and you know what you know.
And you are the guy wholl decide where to go.||
Youll look up and down the streets| Look them over with care.| About
some you will say: I dont choose to go there. With your head full of brains
and your shoes full of feet you are too smart to go down not so good street. And
you may not find any youll want to go down.| In that case, of course, you head
straight out of town.||
Its opener here in the wide open air.| Out there things can happen| and
frequently do to people as brainy and footsy as you. And when things start to
happen dont worry. Dont stew. Just go right along. Youll start happening too.
OH! THE PLACES YOULL GO! ||
Youll be on your way up! Youll be seeing great sights. Youll join the
high fliers who soar to high heights. You wont lag behind because youll have
the speed. Youll pass the whole gang and youll soon take the lead. Wherever
you fly youll be the best. Wherever you go youll top all the rest.
Except when you dont.| Because sometimes you wont. Im sorry to say,
but sadly its true that Bang-ups and Hang-ups can happen to you. You can get
all hang-ups in a prickly perch. And your gang will fly on. Youll be left in a
Lurch. Youll come down from the Lurch with an unpleasant bump and the
chances are then that youll be in a Slump and when you are in a slump youre
not in much fun.| Un-slumming yourself is not easily done.||
You will come to a place where streets are not marked. Some windows
are lighted but mostly they are darkened. A place you could sprain both your
elbow and chin.| Do you dare to stay out? Do you dare to go in? | How much
can you loose? How much can you win? And if you go in should you turn left
or right| or right and three quarters? Or may be not quite?| Or go around back
and sneak in from behind?| Simple its not | Im afraid you will find for a mindmaker-upper to make up his mind.|
You can get so confused that youll start in to race down long wiggled
roads at a break-necking pace and grind on for miles across weirdish wild space
headed I fear a most useless place.| The Waiting Place.|
for people just waiting. Waiting for a train to go or a bus to come or a
plane to go or the mail to come or the rain to go or the phone to ring or the
snow to snow or waiting around for a yes or no or waiting for their hair to
grow. Everyone is just waiting.
Waiting for the fish to bite or waiting for a wind to fly a kite or waiting
around for Friday night or waiting, perhaps, for the Uncle Jack or a pot to boil
61

or a Better Break or a string of pearls or a wig with curls or Another Chance. ||


Everyone is just waiting.||
NO! Thats not for you.| Somehow youll escape all that waiting and
staying. Youll find the bright place where Boom Bands are playing. With
banner flip-flapping once more youll ride high|| Ready for anything in the sky.||
Ready because you are that kind of a guy!
Oh, places youll go! Theres fun to be done! There are points to be
scored. There are games to be won. And the magical thing you can do with that
ball will make you the wining-est winner of all. Fame. Youll be famous as
famous could be with the wide world watching your win on TV.
Except when you dont. Because sometimes you wont. Im afraid that
sometimes youll play lonely games too. Games you cant win cause youll play
against you. All Alone. Whether you like it or not. Alone will be something
youll be quite a lot. And when you are along theres a very good chance youll
meet things that scare you right out of pants. There are some down the road
between hither and yon that can scare you so much you wont want to go on.
But on you will go though the weather be foul.| On you will go though
your enemies prowl.|| On you will go though the Hakken-kracks howl.||
Onwards up many a frightening creek,| though your arms will get sore and your
sneakers may leak. On and on you will hike and I know youll hike far and face
up to your problems whatever they are.
Youll get mixed up, of course, as you already know. Youll get mixed up
with many strange birds as you go.|| So, be sure when you step.| Step with care
and great tact. And remember that Lifes a Great Balancing act.| Just never
forget to be dexterous and deft and never mix up your right foot with your left.
And will you succeed?| Yes!| You will indeed!| (98 and percent
guaranteed.) KID, YOULL LOVE MOUNTAINS! So be you name Buxbaum
or Bixby or Bray or Mordecai Ali Van Allen OShea youll be off to Great
Places!| Today is your day!| YOUR MOUNTAIN IS WAITING! SO, GET ON
YOUR WAY!

62

Stress time
Introduction
Stress Time consists of 50 dialogues, suitable for upper-intermediate and
advanced learners, in which the main rhythmical patterns of spoken English are
presented first individually, then in pairs, then in larger combinations. The
dialogues are dramatic, and can be used for listening comprehension at the same
time as giving pronunciation practice.
The rhythm of English
English is a 'stress-timed' language. That is to say the beats or stress
pulses in connected speech follow each other at roughly equal intervals of time:
One Two
Three
Four
This means that if there are any unstressed syllables between stresses, these
have to be fitted in without delaying the regular beat of the stress pulses (printed in
bold type throughout):
One
Two
Three
Four
One and Two
and
Three and Four
One and a Two
and a
Three and a
Four
One and then a
Two
and then a Three- and then a Four
The more unstressed syllables there are after a stress, the quicker they must be said
in order to' catch' the next pulse :

.
. ,
. . .

Yes,
that was
probably
necessary,
John
Sometimes a stress pulse is silent (indicated by A)

Yes
Yes
A
Yes
/.
A /One/One/One/One.
B/Two/Two/Two/Two.
A /One/One.
B/Two/Two.
A /Two
B /Two.
A /Hm!
B /Thanks.
1

/.
A /Yes/Yes/Yes/Yes.
B /No/No/No/No.
A /Go!/Go!
B /No/No.
A /Yes!/Yes!/Yes!/Yes!
B /No/No/No/No.
A /Oh.
2

63

5 /..
a /Jimmy! /Jimmy!
B /Jenny!/Jenny!
A /Missed you, /Jimmy!
B /Missed you, / Jenny!
A /Like me, / Jimmy?
B /Love you, /Jenny!

6 /..
A /Dinner's / ready. / Come and / get it.
B /Whats for /dinner?
A /Something /special.
B /Something /special?
A /Chicken / curry. / Don't you / like it?
B /Yes, I / love it. / What's for / pudding?
A /Wait and / see.

7 /. /
8 /...
A /Jimmy! /Jimmy!
A /Carolyn.
B /Coming! / Coming!
B /Christopher.
A /Jimmy! //Jimmy!
A / Where are my/spectacles?
B /Coming! / / //Coming!
B / Here are your / spectacles.
A / / Jimmy's / coming. / // A / Where were you / hiding them?
/Jimmy's/come!
B / Hiding them?
A
B
A
B

/ Hiding them.
/ I wasn't / hiding them.
/ Where's my new / pullover?
/ Find it your / self.

9
A
B
A
B
A

/...
/ This is the / furniture.
/ Isn't it / terrible?
/ Terrible?
/ Terrible.
/ This is Aunt / Agatha's / furniture,
/ Margery!
B / She doesn't /need it and /neither
do we.

10 /... /
A /When are you/bringing it?
B /Saturday, / probably.
A /Saturday.
B / / Probably. / / When can you / pay
for it ?
A /Saturday.
B / // Saturday.
A // Probably.
B // / /Mm

11 /.
A /Jonathan's an / irritating / fellow,
but he's / necessary.
B/Irritating?
A /Irritating.
B/Necessary?
A /Necessary.
B /Certainly he's / useful, but I /
wonder if he's / necessary?

12 /.
A /Will it be in / January?
B/Possibly in / January, / possibly in /
February.
A /February's / difficult, but / January's /
possible, I'll / come if it's in /January. /
Can't it be in / January?
B/Probably in / January.
A/Er.../m...
B/Certainly in / January.
A/Admirable.
64

13 /. /
A /Pendlebury! / /Pendlebury! / /
/ / PENDLEBURY !!!
B / / Pendelbury / Isn't in the /
office on a / Saturday, and A /Pendlebury / isn't in the / office
on a /Monday and a / Tuesday
and a / Wednesday and a /
Thursday and a / Friday, and so /
Pendlebury's
B /Fired?

14 /. /..
A/One/single, /please.
B/One/single/where?
A/One / single / home.
B/Where's/home?
A/Where the/train/stops.
B/Twenty / pounds, / please.
A/Twenty / pounds! / Does it / only /
stop / once?
B/Only/once. /Why?
A /Oh, / nothing.

15 /. / /..
A /No, / Jimmy.
B/Yes, /Jenny.
A /No, /Jimmy. /No.
B// Yes,/Jenny./Yes.
A //Jimmy! // NO, /Jimmy!
B /Jenny. / / Yes, / Jenny.
A /No! //No! //NO, /Jimmy! / /
///Oh!

16 /. /...
A /Well, / Anthony, / how was the / trip?
B /Fine, /Valerie. /Fine.
A /Good.
B /Valerie, / when did you / buy that
new ~
A /How do you / like it, my /love?
B /Where did you/buy it my/love?
A /Anthony. / Thats what I / wanted to /
tell you a/bout,
B /What did it/cost me, my/sweet?
18 /. /.
A /Vegetables?
B /No / vegetables, / please.
A/No / vegetables
'
B /Just / chicken and a / little of the /
pudding over / there,
A /Separately.
B /No.
A/Pudding with the/meat?
B /Naturally.
A/Certainly, Ma/dame.

17 /. //...
A /Now, / Julia / Listen to / me!
B /Yes, Uncle /Willy, of I course,
A / /Julia B /Yes?
A /Oh! / This is a / difficult / thing to
dis/cuss!
B /Why should you / want to
dis/cuss it at / all?
A /Why?
B /Yes. / / Why don't you / buy me
a / whisky in/stead?

65

19 /.//.
A /Pendlebury's / coming in a /
minute if he / can.
B/Coming in a /minute if he /can!
A / / Pendlebury / seems to be
en/gaged.
B/Tell / Pendlebury, / / tell him
from his / boss, / / tell him that
he's / fired!
A /Permanently?
B/Permanently, / definitely, /
positively / fired!
A /Poor? / Pendlebury.
B /Hah!
21 /.. //...
A /This is a / question for / Doctor /
Carrington,
B /What's
the
/question?
A / / / Here's the / question. //
/ Let's i/magine that /you are the
/only / person / left in the / world
ex/cept for / one other / person.
B /
/Splendid,
/
/Interesting/question.
A /Who would you /choose, Doctor
/Carrington?
B / / / / / Is my / wife in the /
audience?
A
B
A
B
A
B

/Is it // /January?
/No, it's / February.
/Is it //Monday?
/No, it's / Tuesday.
/Is it //morning?
/No, the / middle of the /
after/noon, and it'll / soon be /
time for an im/portant / visitor
to / come and / see you - your /
wife is / coming.
A
/ // /Betty, / // /That's

20 /.. /...
A /Mr / Boddington!
B/Mrs /Bottomley!
A /Why have you / beaten / Billy?
B/Billy's a / nuisance.
A /Mr
/ Boddington, / please
a/pologise!
B/Sorry.
A /Thank you.
B/Sorry, but / Billy's / more than a/
nuisance, / Billy's a A /Mr/Boddington!!
22 /../.
A /Come and/see us at our/new
a/partment.
,.
B /Where's your / new a/partment? / Is it
in a/nother / district?
A /No, it's / very / close to the
a/partment that I / used to / live in.
/Come and / see us.
B /How about to/morrow?
A /Round about / seven? We're at /
home by / seven. / Come and have
some/dinner with us, /Janet.
B /John, you / haven't / actually / told
me / yet who / us is!
24 /.../.
A /Why was he / trying to em/barrass
me?
B /Probably he / wanted you to / notice
him.
A /Why was he / rude to me ?
B /Probably he's / planning to / marry
you.
A /Why is he / talking to that / stupid
little / Alison ?
B /Why are you / letting him ?
66

her /name- it's Betty.


B //Erm...
25 /... / /.
A /Certainly. / / Definitely, // /
Definitely. // / Ready by
/January, / definitely. / / /
Terribly / sorry a/bout the de/lay,
but I / promise de/livery in /
January. / / / Thank you for /
waiting so/patiently.
B I / / / Why did you / tell
him you'll de/liver in /
January? / / Probably it /won't
be
com/pleted
by
/February. //ProbablyA
/Probably it / won't be
com/pleted at / all.

26 /. /.. /...
A /Please, / where's the / hospital ?
B /Well, there are / two /hospitals /
here. / Which do you / want?
A /Either will / do.
B /Well, the / Fever /Hospital A /Not the/Fever/Hospital.
B /Didn't
you/say
that/either
will/do?
A /Where's the / other ?/ Quickly,/
please.
B /Well, the / General / Hospital A /Yes, the / General / Hospital!
B /Now, / Where's the / General /
Hospital ? / Er...

27 /... / /../...
A /One, / two, / three, / four / men.
B / / Thirteen, / fourteen, / fifteen,
/ sixteen / women.
A / /One/man to/four/women.
B / / Four / women to / one /
man.
A / /Splendid i/dea!
B / /Hm! / /Terrible !

28 /./.../.
A /Mike, /how shall I/send it to you?
B /Give it to Yvonne.
A /Is she re/liable?
B /Perfectly re/liable - she'll / give it to
me.
A /After she's/read it I sup/pose

29 /./ /.../.
A
/Yes. / /Certainly. / /
Definitely.
B //// Ben... / / Isn't it a /
fact that you / say, / "
Certainly, / /Definitely /
/ each time you / talk to a /
customer ?
A // /Possibly, /dear.
B /Definitely, /dear.

30 /./../.../.
A /Well, /Sammy, /when will you /do
it for me?
B /Will to/morrow/do?
A /Yes, to/morrow will be/admirable.
B /When do I/get my/money?
A /When you've / done it, / Sammy.
' ..
B /How do I/know I'll/get it?
A /How will I /know you've / done
it? /You and /I must / trust each
/other, / Sammy.
B /Mm. / Yes. / Yes, I sup/pose there's /
67

no al/ternative.
33 /../.
A // Is it/there?
B // Is it/where?
A // ON the / chair.
B / / On the/chair?
A / / the / door.
B / / By the / door ?
A / / On the / floor.
B / / On the/floor?
A // On the / bed.
B // / A On your / head!

34 //.
A // She was a / nice / girl, / Mike.
B // She was a / fool!
A // She was a/fool? /Why?
B / / Because she / lied.
A / / And so she / died.
B // And so she / died, / Sam.
A / // BUT you can / trust /me, /
Mike. // Mike! // / Mike!!
B / /// // / / YOU were a / nice /
guy, / Sam. // BUT...

35 /../..
A // It's /winning! / / / It's/
winning!! / its winning /
/Willy!
B / / The / winner! / The /
winner!! // Ter/rific!!!
A / / / / / / // Its/won
me-/ / it s / won me- / /
It's / won me - / a / hundred /
dollars!
B
/ It's/won me-// a
{thousand I dollars.
A / / thousand? / But / didn't
you / bet the / same a/mount as
me?
B / I/didn't.
A //Oh.
B / YOU had a / party.
A I It was / lovely. / It was
a / lovely / party. / There was
a /lovely / crowd of / people. /
It was a / lovely / party.
/
But I'm a/little/late for
B / It's in the / oven. / A It was
ex/tremely / nice at / seven. /
But at e/leven
A / It'll be / lovely, / darling. /
It'll be /lovely

36 /../..
A / There's a /woman, / In my
/office, / And she/ says she /
wants to / see you.
B /But I'm /busy.
A
/ Well she /says she /wants to
/see you.
B / ButI'm/busy!
A / But she's / sure you'll / want to /
see her,
B / is she/pretty?
A / In a / sort of/ way she's / pretty. /
But you're / busy.
B / In a/sort of/way, I'm/busy, /
But per/naps I/ought to...
38
A

/./..

/ It's/probably/someone
for/Dorothy.
B
/ He's / knocking a/gain, Mrs /
Wellington. /
I'll /open the
/curtains and / see who it - /
Po/lice! The po/lice! Mrs./ Wellington! / We / haven't done /
anything / wrong, Mrs. / Wellington.
/ They've / probably / made a
68

39 /../...
A / t's a / wonderful / bargain, I /
promise you.
B / But it / seems a bit / rusty,
and / look at the / engine, the / en
/ It's in / perfect con/dition, I /
A
promise you.
B / / /If I'm / interested, / /
I shall / bring my me/chanic to
/look at it.
A / /E R ,.. / A S I/ say, it's in /
perfect con/dition but - / //
probably / this is more
/ suitable.
B / / Mm// And in/perfect
con/dition? A /Certainly.
41 /./.
A / She's /irritating!
B / ln/furiating!
A / Un/reasonable!
B / Ex / asperating!
A /
/ An / irritating, /
in/furiating B / Un/reasonable, /
ex / asperating
A /Beautiful and B /Captivating / woman

mis/take, and we / ought to in/form


them that - / /// Well, / where
have you / gone, Mrs. /Wellington?
40 //.
A / He was a / wonderful / treasurer.
B/ He was a / marvellous / treasurer.
A / He was con/siderate.
B / He was a/ gentleman.
A / And he was / humorous.
B / He was a / comical / fellow, and /
none of us / ever sus/pected that /
something pe/culiar was / happening.
A / And that the/joke was on/us!

42 /../.
A / / IS there /sugar in it?
B / / YOU pre/fer it with / sugar in
it.
A / / Yes, I / usually / do, but it's
/recently been / making me a / bit
/sick.
B / / Are you comfortable?
A /Reasonably.
B / / Do you / think it'll be / born on
the e/leventh, as you / said ?
A / / He'll be / born on the e/leventh
at e/leven, as I / said. / /
Punctually!

69

//./../.
A / / You/did!
B / / I /didn't!
A / / You/did!
B / / I /didn't!
A / / You/did! / / You/did!
B /No, I/didn't!
A / / Ouch! / / You/ hit me!
B / // l/did!
43

44

A
B
A
B
A

B
A
B
A

//./..././..
/ / Some / eggs, / /
and a / small /
cabbage.
/ / small/cabbage.
/ / And the/eggs? /
/ A dozen?
/ / Are they/fresh?
/ / Are they / fresh ? / //
Of / course they're / fresh. A /
/ The/last/eggs I/bought, / /
/ they were/bad. B / / Did
you/buy them/here?
/ / I / don't re/member. / //
Per/haps I / did. / // /Per/haps
I /didn't.
/ // Take/half a/dozen, then

46

/ / The / smell of it! / / It's the


/ smell of it, / Gladys!
B / / But it's I nice if you /taste it.
A / / It's the/smell of it!
B / / It's / marvellous, / / It's a /
wonderful / flavour, / // It
was / rather ex/pensive, / Charlie.
A / / You can / eat it / for me, /
can't you ?
B / / I sup/pose I can / eat it.
A / / Well en /joy it. / / And I'll /

48

45

A
B
A
B

A
B
A

A
B
A
B

A
B
A

A
B
A
B
A
B

70

/././..
/ / He's / quite / handsome.
/ / I / think he's/ugly,
/ / He's /rather / clever.
/ / He's / vain. / / Con/ceited.
/ / He's/rich.
/ / He/knows it!
/ / //
He / thinks you're /
pretty.
/ // He/didn't say that.
/ // He/did.
//../.../.../.
/ / / On / Monday, / / you were /
going to / mend it.
/ / I / couldn't, / / I was / busy
on / Monday.
/ / Well,/Peter, / / will you/do
it this/evening?
/ / I'm / sorry, / / but I'm /off to
a / meeting. / / I/promise you, / /
I'll re/pair it to/morrow. / Where are
you / going?
/ / For the / tools.
/Why?
/ / For/get it. / // I will re/pair
it my/self.

//./...../..
/ / It's a/boy./A And it's a/big one.
/ / And my /wife?
/ / She was a / marvel. / / And
she's / fine.
/ / Can I/see her?
/ / You can/see them/both at
about/six
/ / Well, I'm ex/tremely / grateful, /
Sister. / / And I'll / see you later. /
/ // l'm a/father! / / And it's

meet you out/side.

49

A
B
A

B
A
B
A

//.../...../.
/ / And you're/fond of him?
/ / Well, I'm in/love with him.
/ / YOU were in / love with
the /architect. / /
And the
so/llcitor. / / And the / fellow
with the / wife and the
in/numerable / children.
/ / But / this is / different, I
can / promise you.
/ / And they were / hopeless
at / golf, I re/member.
/ / Hes the / regional /
champion.
/ // You see you / never have
a / sense of pro/ portion, /
Marilyn.

a/boy! / /
I must /do
some/shopping / quickly. / / I
must / buy some / flowers. / //
And a /train.
50 Combination plus
A / / So in the /case of / syllable-/
timed / languages, / /
it's the
/syllables that are i/sochronous. /
/ But in / English, / / it's the
/sentence / stresses that arc
i/sochronous, / /
And it's
ex/tremely im/portant to / try to
get the / rhythm of the / language /
right.
B / / Any / questions?
A Why - is - it - im - por - tant, and - what - do - you - mean -by
i - so - chro nous?
A / / Why is it im/portant, and /
What do I / mean by
i/sochronous? / / Well, I ll / tell
you. / / But it'd be a / pity to /
change that ex/tremely/charming
pronunci/ation, you / know!

71

Small talk
Item 1. Hi, how are you?
-HI, how are you?
-Fine, how are you?
-HI, how are you?
-Fine, how are you?
-Hi, how are you? /3
-Fine, how are you?

Unit 1 Greetings.
Item 2. How's Jack?
-Hi, how are you?
-Fine, how are you?
-I'm fine. How's Bill?
-He's fine.
-Hows Marry?
-Shes fine.
-How are the children?
-They are fine.
-How's the job?
-Its fine.
-How's Jack?
-He's sick.
-Oh, no

Item 3. Hello, howve you been?


-Hello, how've you been? It's so
good to see you.
-It's good to see you. How've you
been?
-Just fine.
-Hello, how've you been? /3
-Just fine. /2
-It's so good to see you. /2
-Its good to see you. How've you
been?
-Just fine.

Item 5. Jack, you are back?


-Jack, you are back? I havent seen
you for a long time. How've you
been?
-Just fine. Its been a long time.
-How've you been?
-Just fine. Its been a long time.
-Im so glad you are back, Jack.
-So am I.
-I'm so glad you are back, Jack.
-So am I.
-I'm so glad you are back /3 Jack.
-So am I.
-I havent seen you for a long
time.

Item 4. Hello, Hello.


-Hello, Hello
-Hi Sue, this is Bill
-Bill? Bill who?
-Bill Brown
-Oh hi, how are you?

72

Unit 2. Introductions. Identifying yourself and others.


Item 1. Harry, this is Mary.
-Harry, this is Mary.
-Hi.
-Hello.
-Harry, this is Mary.
-How do you do?
-How do you do?
-Harry, Id like you to meet my sister Mary.
-How do you do, Mary? I'm very glad to meet you.
-Thank you. I'm glad to meet you
Item 2. Nice to meet you.
-Nice to meet you.
-Nice to meet you.
-Nice to meet you.
-Nice to meet you
-Nice to meet you. Im so glad to meet you.
-Thank you. I'm glad to meet you.
Item 3. I'm glad to meet you. I've heard so much about you.
-I'm glad to meet you. I've heard so much about you / 3
-Thank you. I'm glad to meet you.
-Ive heard so many nice things about you /2, so many nice things.
I've heard so many nice things. I've heard so many nice things about you.
I'm glad to meet you. Ive heard so much about you.
-Thank you. Im glad to meet you.
Item 4. What's your name? Where are you from?
-What's your name? Where are you from? /3
-How long have you been here? /2
Item 5. What's your first name? How do you spell it?
-What's your first name?
-Mary.
-How do you spell it?
-M A R Y.
-How do you pronounce it?
-MARY.
73

Unit 3. Saying good-bye.


-Oh, no. Please dont go /2.
-Ive got to go home.
-Oh, no. Please dont go /2.

Item 1. Good-bye, good-bye.


-Good-bye, good-bye. See you
tomorrow.
-Bye-bye
-Good-bye, see you tomorrow /2
-Bye-bye, see you tomorrow. Byebye, bye-bye
-So long, see you tomorrow /3
-Bye-bye.

Item 4. It was nice seeing you again.


-It was nice seeing you again.
-Thanks. It was nice seeing you.
-I enjoyed seeing you again.
-Thanks. I enjoyed seeing you.
-It was so nice.
-I enjoyed it too.
-It was so nice.
-I enjoyed it too.
-It was nice seeing you.
-Thanks. It was nice seeing you.

Item 2. Have a nice weekend.


-Have a nice weekend.
-Thanks. You too
-Have a nice weekend.
-Thanks. You too
-Have a nice weekend. See you on
Monday. Have a nice weekend.
-Thanks, you too.
-Have a nice weekend. See you on
Monday. Have fun.
-Thanks. You too.
Item 3. It's getting late.
-It's getting late /3 and I really
hate to say good-bye.
-Please dont go.
-It's getting late and I really hate
to say good-bye.
-Please dont go
-It's getting late.
-Please dont go.
-It's getting late.
-Please dont go.
-It's getting late.
-Please dont go.
-It's getting late and I really hate to
say good-bye but Ive got to go
home.

Item 5. Good-bye Harry. Say Hello


to Marry.
-Good-bye Harry. Say Hello to
Marry.
-I will. Say hello to Bill.
-Bye-bye Jack. Say hello to Jill. Tell
her I miss her.
-I will.
-So long Gerry. Say hello to Harry.
Tell him I miss him.
-I will.
Item 6. We gonna miss you.
-Were gonna miss you. We really are
/2. We are really gonna miss you /2.
-Im gonna miss you too /2. Im
really gonna miss you.
-Were gonna miss you. We really are
-Im gonna miss you too. I really am.
-Were gonna miss you. We really are
-Im gonna miss you too. I really am.

Unit 4. Giving and


74

receiving complements.

-Thank you.
-I like your ring. Is it new?
-Oh, no. Ive had it for years.
-Where did you get it?
-I got it in India.
-Its beautiful.
-Thank you.

Item 1. You look wonderful


today.
-You look wonderful today.
-So do you.
-You look wonderful today.
-So do you.
-That's a nice colour on you.
-Thanks a lot.
-Thats a nice colour on you
-Thanks a lot. I am glad you
like it.
-That's a wonderful colour on you.
-Thanks a lot. I'm very glad you
like it.

Item 4. You look marvelous. You


haven't changed a bit.
-You look marvelous. You haven't
changed a bit.
-Neither have you /2.
-You look marvelous.
-So do you.
-You look wonderful.
-So do you.
-You look terrific.
-So do you.
-You haven't changed a bit.
-Neither have you.
Item 5. You speak English very
well.
-You speak English very well.
-Oh, no, not really.
-Yes, you do. You really do.
-No, I don't.
-Yes, you do.
-No, I don't.
-Yes, you do.
-No I don't. Thats not true.
-Yes it is. You really do speak
English very well.
-Thank you. You are very kind.
-No, I mean it. I really mean it.
-Thank you. You are very kind.
-No, I mean it. I really mean it.
You really do speak English very
well.
-Thank you.

Item 2. That's a nice sweater.


-That's a nice sweater. Is it new?
-Yes it is.
-Where did you get it?
-I got it in Mazys
-It's beautiful.
-Thank you. I'm glad you like it.
-Those are nice boots. Are they
new?
-Yes they are.
-Where did you get them?
-I got them in Mazys.
-They are beautiful.
-Thank you. I'm glad you like
them.
Item 3. I like your gloves.
-I like your gloves. Are they
new?
-Oh, no. Ive had them for
years.
-Where did you get them?
-I got them in London.
-They are beautiful.
75

Item 6. I'm afraid my English is


-Don't be silly.
not very good.
-It's terrible.
-I'm afraid my English is not
-Don't be silly.
very good.
-Im afraid my English is not
-Don't be silly. Its wonderful.
very good.
-I'm afraid my English is not
-Don't be silly. It's wonderful.
very good.
-Don't be silly. Its wonderful.
-It's terrible.
____________________________________________________________

Unit 5. Inviting, accepting, refusing.


Item 1. Lets have lunch.
-Lets have lunch today.
-OK.
-Lets have lunch today.
-OK.
-Let's have lunch /3 today.
-OK.
-Let's have dinner tonight
-All right.
-Let's have dinner tonight
-All right.
-Lets have dinner /3 tonight.
-All right.

Item 3.Can you come over?


-Can you come over for dinner
tonight?
-Id like that very much.
-Can you come over for dinner
tonight?
-Id like that very much.
-What time should I come? /2.
-Come around 6 if you can.
-Bye.
-Come around 6 if you can.
-Bye.
-Can YOU come over /3 for a
drink tonight?
-I'd live to /2.
-Can YOU come over for a drink
tonight?
-I'd live to.
-Can you come over for a lunch
tomorrow?
-I wish I could. But I'm afraid I can't.
-Oh. I'm sorry, that's too bad.
-I really wish I could.

Item 2. You call me, or I call you.


You call me, or I call you /2.
Lets have lunch together some
day.
-OK. Ill call you.
-You call me /3 or I'll call you /2.
-Whens the best time to call
you? /2
-I'm usually at home after 7. /2
-Whens the best time to call you?
-I'm usually at home after 7.

Item 4. We are having a party .


-We are having a party next
76

Saturday night. Can you come?


great. Id love to.
Can you come?
-Id love to /2. That sounds
Item 5. Would you like to go to
great. Id love to.
the movies tonight?
-We are having a party next
-Would you like to go to the
Saturday night. Can you come?
movies tonight?
-Id love to.
-Id love to /2.
-We are having a party. I hope
-I feel like going to the movie
you can come.
tonight.
-That sounds nice. Id love to.
-I do too. Lets go.
Sounds great. Sounds good.
-I feel like going to the movies
Sounds like fun. Id love to.
tonight.
-We are having a party next
-So do I. Lets go.
Saturday night. Can you come?
-I dont feel like studying tonight.
Can you come?
-Neither do I. Lets go.
-Id love to /2. That sounds
________________________________________________________________

Unit 6. Expressing likes


and dislikes. Asking for
and giving an opinion.

-Im glad.

Item 3. How do you like it?


-How do you like it?
-I love it.
-How do you like it?
-I like it a lot.
-How do you like it?
-I like it a lot. Its wonderful.
-Im glad you like it.
-Is this OK?
-Its wonderful.
-Is this all right?
-Its wonderful.
-Is this OK?
-Its wonderful.
-Good. Im glad you like it.
Item 4. Its all right, I guess.
-Will this be OK?
-Its all right, I guess. I guess, its

Item 1. I like it a lot.


-I like it. I like it a lot. I love it /2
-I like it very much /2. I like it.
I like it a lot. I love it.
-I really like it very much /2. I
like it. I like it a lot. I love it.
-Do you like it? Do you really
like it? /3.
-I like it a lot.
-Im glad.
Item 2. Do you like it?
-Do you like it?
-I like it a lot.
-Im glad.
-Do you like it?
-I like it a lot.
77

all right, itll do.


-Are you sure its OK?
-Its all right I guess. I guess,
its all right, itll do.
-Itll have to do /2.
-Are you sure its OK?
-Itll do.

awfully sorry you feel that way.


-Its not quite right.
Item 6. I dont like it all.
-I dont like it. I dont like it at all.
-I hate it. I cannot stand it.
-I dont like it. I dont like it at all.
-I hate it. I cannot stand it.
-I dont like it a bit. I dont like it
at all.
-I hate it. I cannot stand it.
-Not a bit /2. I dont like it a bit.
-Not at all /2. I dont like it at all.
-I hate it. I cannot stand it.
-I hate it /2. I cannot stand it /4.
-I dont like it at all.

Item 5. Its not quite right.


-Is this all right?
-Not quite.
-Is this all right?
-Not quite.
-Is this all right?
-Not quite. Its not quite right.
Im afraid its not quite right.
Not quite right /2.
-Im sorry you feel that way /2. Im
___________________________________________________________
-No I cant.
-Yes you can.

Unit 7. Expressing ability


or inability to do smth.
Making excuses. Giving
encouragements.

Item 2. I give up.


-I give up. I cannot do it.
-Dont give up. Try it again.
-I give up. I cannot do it.
-Dont give up. Try it again.
-Ive read it once. I couldnt
understand.
-Dont give up. Read it again.
-Ive read it twice. I couldnt
understand.
-Dont give up. Read it again.
-Ive read it three times. I
couldnt understand.
-Dont give up. Read it again
-I give up. I cannot do it.
-Dont give up. Try it again.
Item 3. If I can do it you can do it.
-Do you think I can do it?
-Of course you can. If I can do it

Item 1.I cant do it.


-I cannot do it /2.
-Yes you can /2.
-No I cant.
-Yes you can.
-I cant do it.
-Yes you can. You can do it,
you can do it.
-I cannot do it.
-Yes you can. You can do it,
you can do it.
-I cannot do it.
-Yes you can. You can do it,
you can do it.
78

you can do it too.


-Do you think I can do it?
-Of course you can. If I can do
it, you can do it too.
Believe me, its not that hard.
Believe me, Its not that hard.
You can do it just as well as I can.
If I can do it you can do it too.

Item 5. Im afraid I wont be able


to go.
-Im afraid I wont be able to go.
Im coming down with a cold.
-Oh, no! What a shame! /2
-Im afraid I wont be able to go.
Im coming down with a cold.
Im afraid I wont be able to go.
I have to work tomorrow. Im
afraid I wont be able to go. I
have to work tomorrow.
-Oh, no! Thats too bad /2
-Im afraid I wont be able to go.
Im coming down with a cold.

Item 4. Can you speak English?


-Can you speak English?
-Not very well.
-Can you speak Spanish?
-Not very well.
-Can you speak French?
-Just a little.
-Can you speak Chinese?
-Not at all.
-Can you understand French?
-Just a little.
-Can you understand Spanish?
-More or less.
-Can you understand Turkish?
-Not at all.
-Can you understand your
teacher?
-Most of the time.
-Can she speak French?
-Of course she can. Its her
native language. She was born
in France.
-Can she speak Japanese?
-Of course he can.
Its his native language.
He was born in Japan.

Item 6. Will I ever learn to speak


English?
-Will I ever learn to speak
English?
-Of course you will. You are doing
fine. You are getting better all the time.
-Will I ever learn? /2
-Of course you will.
-Do you think I can do it?
-Of course you can.
-Am I doing all right? /2
-Of course you are.
You are doing fine.
You are getting better all the time.
You are getting better every day.
You are getting better all the time.
-Will I ever learn? /2
-Of course you will.
You are doing fine.
You are getting better all the time.

Unit 8. Apologizing.
Accepting an apology.

-Im sorry.
-Thats all right.
-Im so sorry.
-Thats all right.
-Im terribly sorry.

Item 1. Im sorry. Thats all


right.
79

-Thats all right. Dont worry


about it. Thats all right.
-Im sorry Im late.
-Thats all right.
-Im really sorry.
- Never mind. Dont worry
about it. Thats all right.
Never mind. Dont worry about
it. Never mind. Dont worry
about it.
-Im really sorry.
- Never mind. Dont worry
about it. Thats all right.

silly. You couldnt help it.


-Im terribly sorry.
-Its not your fault.
Item 4. Im sorry I did it. I
shouldnt have done it.
-Im sorry I did it. I shouldnt
have done it. /2
-It doesnt matter. It really
doesnt. It doesnt matter,
honestly.
-Im sorry I took it. I shouldnt
have taken it.
Im sorry I wore it. I shouldnt
have worn it.
Im sorry I wrote it. I shouldnt
have written it.
-It doesnt matter, honestly.
-I should have told you.
-It doesnt matter.
-I should have told you.
-It doesnt matter.
-I shouldnt have done it.
-It doesnt matter. It really
doesnt, honestly.

Item 2. Excuse me. Thats


OK.
Never mind. No
problem.
-Excuse me.
-Thats OK.
-Pardon me. Thats all right.
-Please, Excuse me.
-Thats OK. Never mind, n
problem.
-Pardon me. It was my mistake.
-Thats all right. Dont worry
about it.
-Im terribly sorry.
-Thats OK. Never mind, n
problem.

Item 5. Im afraid I owe you an


apology.
-Im afraid I owe you an apology.
-What for? /2
-Im sorry about last night.
-Theres nothing to apologise for.
-Im very sorry. Im really sorry.
Im awfully sorry. Im terribly
sorry. Im afraid I owe you an
apology.
-Theres nothing to apologise for.
-Im sorry about last night. /2
-Theres really nothing to apologise for.
-Im sorry about last night.

Item 3. Its all my fault.


-Its all my fault.||2 I shouldnt
have done it. Its all my fault.
-It doesnt matter.
Its not important.
-Im terribly sorry.
Its all my fault.
-Dont be silly.
You couldnt help it.
-Im terribly sorry.
-Its not your fault. Dont be
80

_______________________________________________________________
the same.

Unit 9. Talking about food.

Item 3. Id like a sandwich.


-Id like a sandwich /2
Id like a tuna salad sandwich.
-Tuna salad /2 tuna salad
sandwich.
Whole wheal toast. /2
-I'd like a tuna salad sandwich on
a whole-wheat toast.
-Whole wheal toast. /2
-I'd like a tuna salad sandwich on
a whole-wheat toast.
-I'd like a large bowl of chicken
soup /3 and a tuna salad
sandwich on a whole-wheat
toast.

Item 1. Chicken soup.


-Chicken, Chicken soup. /2
-Rice and beans/2
-Whole wheat toast.
-I'd like a bowl of soup.
- Id like a cup of soup.
-Chicken soup.
-Id like a large cup of soup.
-Chicken soup.
-I'd like a bowl of soup.
-Chicken soup.
-I'd like a large bowl of chicken
soup. Id like a large bowl of
soup. Id like a cup of soup.
-Chicken soup.

Item 4. I havent decided yet.


-What are you gonna have for lunch?
-1 haven't decided yet. What are
you gonna have?
-I haven't decided yet. What are
you gonna drink?
-I haven't decided yet. What are
you gonna have?
-I haven't decided yet. What are
you gonna have for desert?
-I haven't decided yet. What are
you gonna have?
-1 haven't decided yet. /2
Item 5. Salt and pepper.
-Salt and pepper. /3
-Please, pass the pepper.
-Please, pass the salt.
-Pass the salt and pepper, please
-Please, pass the pepper.
-Please, pass the salt.

Item 2. What are you gonna


have?
-What are you gonna have?
-Chicken soup.
-Hm, hm. That sounds good.
What are you gonna have?
-Chicken soup.
-I think I'll have the same. What
are you gonna have?
-Chicken soup. What are you
gonna have?
-Chicken soup. What are you
gonna have?
-Chicken soup.
-I think I'll have the same.
Hm, hm. That sounds good.
That sounds good. That sounds
good. Chicken soup. That
sounds good. I think I'll have
81

-Salt and pepper. Bread and butter.


Please, pass the pepper.
Pass the bread and butter, please.
Please, pass the salt.
-Please, pass the bread.
Please, pass the butter.
______________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Talking


money.

about

Item 1. Put it in the bank.


-Save it, save it. Put it in the Bank. /2
-Spend it. Take \t out of the Bank. /2
-Save it.
-Spend it.
-Save it.
-Spend it.
-Save it.
-Spend it.
-PUT it in me Bank.
Item2 .How much does it cost?
It costs a lot.
-How much does it cost?
-It costs a lot,
-How much does it cost?
-It costs a lot.
I cant believe how much it costs.
It costs a lot, an awful lot.
It costs a lot to live in the city.
-How much does it cost?
-It costs a lot.
It costs a lot to eat out these days.
-How much does it cost?
-It costs a lot.

Item 3. Why don't you buy it?


I cant afford it.
-Why don't you buy it?
82

-I cannot afford it.


Its too expensive. I cannot afford it.
-Why don't you buy it?
-I don't have the money. Its hot
worth it. I cannot afford it.
Item 4. Pennies, nickels, dimes
and quarters.
-Pennies, nickels, dimes and
quarters. /2
-How many pennies in a nickel?
-Five
-How many nickels in a dime?
-Two
-Pennies, nickels, dimes and
quarters. /2
-How many dimes in a dollar?
-Ten
-How many nickels in a dime?
- Two
-Pennies, nickels. Dimes and
quarters. /2
-How many quarters in a dollar?
-Four
-How many nickels in a dime?
-Two.
-Pennies, nickels, dimes and
quarters. /2
Item 5. I'll get it.
Oh, no. Ill get it.
-I'll get it.
-Oh, no. Ill get it.
-Let me have it. It's my turn.
-I'll get it.
-Oh, no. Ill get it.

-Let me have it. It's my turn.


-Let me have it. It's my turn.
-You got it last time. Ill get it
-Let's split it /2. Lets split it this
this time.
time. Let's split it.
-Let me have it. It's my turn.
-You got it last time. Ill get it
-You got it last time. Ill get it
next time. This time let's split it.
this time.
________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. Talking about the


weather.

-Hot and humid.


-It's too hot to work, too hot to play,
too hot to walk to work today.

Item 1. Its cold outside. Its bitter


cold.
-It's cold outside. Its bitter cold.
-Put on your sweater. It's bitter cold.
-It's cold outside. Its bitter cold.
-Wear something warm. Its bitter cold.
-It's cold outside. Its bitter cold.
-It's freezing, Wear something
warm.
Item 2. Its a nice day today, isnt it?
-It's a nice day today, isn't it?
-It certainly is. Its a beautiful day.
-It's a nice day today, isn't it?
-It certainly is. Its a beautiful day.
-Nice day today /2 day today /2
Nice day today.
Item 3. Hot and humid.
-It's hot today. Hot and humid.
It's hot today, isn't it? /2
-It sure is /2. Hot and humid /2.
-Too hot! Much too hot! /2
-It's too hot to work, too hot to play,
too hot to walk to work today.
-It's too hot.
-Hot and humid
-It's too hot.

83

Item 4. Clear, blue sky.


-Clear, blue sky. /2
-Look at the sky! It's clear as a bell.
-Clear, blue sky.
-It's beautiful today. Not a cloud
in the sky.
-Clear,blue sky.
-Look at the sky! It's clear as a bell.
-Clear, blue sky.
Item 5 . Do you think it's
gonna rain?
-Do you think it's gonna rain?
-I hope not.
-Do you think it's gonna rain?
-I hope not.
-It looks like rain. /2 Do you
think it's gonna rain?
-I hope not.
-Do you think it's gonna snow?
-I hope so.
-Do you think it's gonna snow?
-I hope so.
-It looks like snow. /2 Do you
think it's gonna snow?
-I
hope so.

Unit 12.Asking for and


giving information.

-Yes there. Walk two blocks and


turn right.
-Is there a newspaper stand near here?
-Yes there is. Yes there is. Walk
two blocks and turn right.
-Is there a coffee shop near here?
-Yes there is. Yes there is. Walk
two blocks and turn left.
-Turn left /2 Walk two blocks
and turn left. Turn right/2. Walk
two blocks and turn right.

Item 1. How long does it take?


-How long does it take?
-It takes a long time.
-How long does it take?
-It takes a long time.
-How long does it take?
-It takes a long time. It takes a
long, long time.
-It takes 24 hours.
-That's a long time.
-It lakes 15 days,
-That's a long time.
-It takes 3 and half months.
-That's a long time.
-That's a long, long time.

-You cannot miss it.


Item 5. Is the post office open
tomorrow?
-Is the post office open
tomorrow?
-It's open from 9 to 5.
-Is the post office open
tomorrow?
-It's open from 9 to 5.
-What time does it open?
-IT opens at 9.
-What time does it close?
-It closes at 5.
-It opens at 5 and closes at 9.
It's OPEN from 9 to 5.
-Are the stores open tomorrow?
-They open from 9 to 5.
-Are the stores open tomorrow?
-They are open from 9 to 5.
-When do they open?
-They open at 9.
-When do they close?
-They close at 5.
-Are the stores open tomorrow?
-They are open from 9 to 5.

Item 2. Down Town Bus.


-Down Town, Down Town Bus. /2
-Is this a Down Town Bus?
-Yes it is.
-Is this a Down Town Bus?
-Yes it is.
-Is this a Down Town Bus?
-Yes it is.
-Does this bus go down town?
-Yes, it does. Down town.
Down town bus.
Item 3. Walk two blocks and
turn right.
-Is there a bank near here?
-Yes there is. Walk two blocks
and turn right.
-Is there a phone near here?

84

Unit 13.Giving and receiving thanks.


Item 1. Thank you very much.
-Thank you very much.
-You are welcome.
-Thank you very much. I
appreciate this.
-Thank you very much.
-You are welcome.
-Thank you very much. I
appreciate this.
-Thank you. Thank you very
much. /3. I appreciate it.
-You are welcome.

-Im so glad.
-I love it. -Im glad.

Item 4. That was awfully nice of you.


-That was awfully nice of you.
-Im glad I was able to help.
-That was very nice of you.
-Im glad I was able to help.
-That was so nice.
-Im glad I could do it.
-That was very nice.
-Im glad I could do it.
-That was awfully nice.
Item 2. Thanks a lot.
-Im glad I could do it. Im glad
-Thanks a lot. /2 .Thanks a lot for
I was able to help. Im glad I
everything.
could do it. Im so glad. Im
-Dont mention it. I was happy to do it.
glad I could do it. Im so glad.
-Thanks a million. Thanks a lot.
Im glad I could do it.
Thanks a lot for everything.
Im so glad.
-You are welcome. I was happy to do it.
Im glad I was able to help.
-Thanks a million. Thanks a lot. /3
-You are welcome. I was happy to do it.
Item 5. Thanks again.
-Thanks again.
Item 3 Thank you so much. Its
-Any time.
just what I wanted.
-Thanks again.
-Thank you so much. Its just what
-It was my pleasure.
I wanted.
-Thanks again.
-Im glad you like it. Im so glad
-Dont mention it.
you like it.
-Thanks again.
-Its just what I wanted.
-You are welcome.
-Im glad you like it.
-Thanks again.
-Its just the right size.
-I enjoyed doing it.
-Im glad you like it.
-Thanks again.
-Its just the right color.
-Thank you.
-Im glad you like it.
-Thanks again.
-Its just what I wanted.
-You shouldnt have done it.
-Im glad you like it.
-I wanted to. The pleasure was mine
-Its perfect.
85

Unit 14. Expressing confusion


Item 1. This is confusing.
Im very confused.

-No. I cant figure it out. Can you?


-No. I cant.
-Neither can I. I dont understand
this at all. Do you?
-No. I dont.
-Neither do I.
-Im very confused.
-I am too.
-Im totally lost.
-So am I.

-This is confusing. Im very


confused.
I cant understand what hes
saying. Can you?
-This is confusing. Im very
confused. I cant understand it
-Im all mixed up. /2
Its confusing. I cant understand
him. He is talking too quickly. I
cant understand him.
-This is confusing. Im very
confused. I cant understand what
hes saying.

ITEM 4. Where do we go?


-Where do we go? What do we do?
-Dont ask me. I was following you.
-What do we do? Where do we go?
-Dont ask me. I dont know.
-Wheres the hotel? Where is the car?
-Im not quite sure just where we are.
-Where shall we go? What shall we do?
-Dont ask me. I was counting on you.

ITEM 2. Who has the key?


-Who has the key?
-What key?
-My key.
-I thought you had them.
I gave them to you.
-Who has the tickets?
-What tickets?
-Our tickets.
-I thought you had them.
I gave them to you.
-Who has the money?
-What money?
-My money.
-I thought you had it.
I gave it to you.

Item 5. What are we supposed to do?


-What are we supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.
-What are we supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.
-When are we supposed to go?
Where are we supposed to be?
What are we supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.
-What am I supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.
-What am I supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.
-When am I supposed to go?
Where am I supposed to be?
What am I supposed to do?
-I thought you knew.

Item 3. Does this make sense to you?


-Does this make sense to you?
-No. Does it make any sense to you?
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UNIT 15. MAKING PLANS.


ITEM 1. What are you gonna do?
-What are you gonna do when you finish this course?
-Im not quite sure. What are you going to do?
-Im not quite sure. I havent decided.
What are your plans? Are you going to stay here?
-Im not quite sure. Are you going to stay?
-It all depends. Im not quite sure.
-Are you going to get a job?
-It all depends.
-Are you going to buy a car?
-It all depends.
.
-Are you going to take a trip?
-It all depends. Im not quite sure.
Im not quite sure.
ITEM 2. Lets make a date.
-Lets make a date. Are you busy tomorrow?
-Im free at two. What about you?
-Thats fine with me. Ill meet you at two.
-Id love to see you. When are you free?
-Call me tomorrow. I finish at three.
-Can we get together tomorrow at 3?
-Im sorry thats a little too early for me.
How about eight?
-Thats a little too late. Im sorry but eights just a little too late.
ITEM 3. How about nine?
-How about nine?
-Nine is fine.
-How about three?
-Thats fine with me.
-How about two?
-Its up to you.
-How about eight?
-Eights too late.

ITEM 4. Ive got so much to do today.


-Ive got so much to do today.
So much to do. So much to do today.
So much to do.
-Ive got so much to do.
I dont know what to do first.
-Ive got so much to do.
I dont know what to do first.
-Ive got so much to do.
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-Is eight too late?


-Not at all. The later the better.
-What about nine?
-Nine is fine.
-Is two OK?
-Whatever you say.
-Is three OK? What about three?
-Whatever you say is fine with me.

I dont know where to begin.


-Ive got so much to do.
I dont know where to begin.
Ive got so many things to do. 2 times
Ive got so much to do.
So many things to do.
2 times
So much to do.

ITEM 5. Will you be here next year?


-Will you be here next year?
-I will, if all goes well.
If all goes well, I will.
Yes, I will, if all goes well.
-What will you do, if doesnt go well?
-If it doesnt go well, I wont be here.
What about you? What are you gonna do?
-I havent decided. What about you?

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