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Squares

Find the value of the following


1. 3 2

4. 1

3.

5. 0.2 2

2. (4) 2
Number

Steps

Solutions

1.

a. Multiply the number by itself.


b. Find the value.

32 = 3 x 3 = 9

a. For negative numbers,put in bracket


and multiply.
b. Find the value.
a. For fractions,multiply numerator and
numerator,denominator and
denomerator.
b. Find the value.
a. For mixed number,change to improper
fraction then multiply as fraction.
b. Find the value.

(4) 2 = (-4) x (-4)=16

3.

4.

5.

a. For decimals,emphasis on decimal


places.Multiply the number by itself.
b. Find the value.For number with one
decimal place,the value will be two
decimal places.
c. For number with two decimal
places,the value will be four decimal
places.
Note
Value for all negative numbers are
positive.

2

5

2 2
4
x =
25
5 5

=
2

7
7
7
x
=
4
4
4

49
16

0.2 2 =0.2 x 0.2 =0.04

0.02 2 =0.02 x 0.02

=0.0004

Exercise 1
Find the value of the followings.
4

1. 5 2

2.

5. 0.7 2

3.

Number

4.

6. 0.09 2

Steps

1.

a. Multiply the number by itself.


a. Find the value.

b. For negative numbers,put in bracket


and multiply.
c. Find the value.
c. For fractions,multiply numerator and
numerator,denominator and
denomerator.
d. Find the value.
c. For mixed number,change to improper
fraction then multiply as fraction.
d. Find the value.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Square root

a. For decimals,emphasis on decimal


places.Multiply the number by itself.
b. Find the value.For number with one
decimal place,the value will be two
decimal places.
c. For number with two decimal
places,the value will be four decimal
places.

Solutions

Find the value of the followings


1.

2.

64

9
16

Number
1.

3.

4.

32
162

3.

4.

12

5.
1

6.

0.36

Steps
a. Find the value referring to perfect
square number or refer to four
figure table.

Solutions
64 = 8

a. For fraction,find the value for the


numerator and the denominator and
write the answer as fraction.

9
16

5.

a. For decimals,change to fraction.


b. Find the value as in fractions.
c. Change the fraction to decimal.

6.

a. For square root of a square, multiply


the number by itself.
b. Find the square root of the answer.
Note
The answer to the square root of a square
is the number itself.

16

32
=
162

a. For fraction that the numerator and


the denominator is not a perfect
square number, simplify to lower
term so that they are perfect square
number.
b. Find the value for the numerator and
the denominator.Write the number as
fraction.
a. For mixed number, change it to
improper fraction.
b. Determine if the numerator and the
denominator are perfect square
numbers.
c. Find the value as in fraction.

3
4

16
81

4
16
=
9
81

12

1
=
4

7
49
=
2
4

6
36
=
10
100

0.36

=0.6

5x5

25

=5

Exercise 2
Find the value of the followings
1.

49

2.

64
144

3.

18
128

4.

1
9

5.

0.25

6.

13

Number
1.

Steps
a. Find the value referring to perfect
square number or refer to four
figure table.

a. For fraction,find the value for the


numerator and the denominator and
write the answer as fraction.

3.

a. For fraction that the numerator and the


denominator is not a perfect square
number, simplify to lower term so that
they are perfect square number.
b. Find the value for the numerator and
the denominator.Write the number as
fraction.

4.

Solutions

a. For mixed number, change it to


improper fraction.
b. Determine if the numerator and the
denominator are perfect square
numbers.
c. Find the value as in fraction.

5.

a. For decimals,change to fraction.


b. Find the value as in fractions.
c. Change the fraction to decimal.

6.

aFor square root of a square, multiply


the number by itself.
b. Find the square root of the answer.

Cube
Find the value of the followings
1. 4 3

2. 5 3

3.

1
4. 2

5. 0.6 3

Number
1.

Steps
a. Multiply the number by itself 2
times.
b. Find the value.

Solutions
4 = 4 x 4x 4 = 64
3

2.

a. For
negative
number,put 5 3 = (-5) x (-5) x (-5)
bracket,then multiply the number.
-xx-=To determine the answer,multiply 5 x 5 x 5 =125
the sign then the number.
- 125
b. The answer is a negative number.

3.

a. .For
all
fractions,put
bracket.Multiply the numerator and
the denominator by itself 2 times.
b. Determine the value for numerator
and denominator and write the
answer as fraction.

4.

5.

a. For mixed number,change to


improper fraction.Dont forget the
bracket.
b. Find the value as fraction above.
a. For decimals, emphasis on decimal
places.For number with one
decimal place,the value will be
three decimal places, that is triple
of the number.
b. Find the value and mark the
decimal point clearly.
Note
Value for all positive numbers will be
positive and negative numbers will be
negative.

Exercise 3
Find the value of the followings

1
2
3
7

5 x5 x5
125
=
6 x6 x6
216

7 x7 x7
343
=
3 x3 x 3
27

0.6 3 = 0.6 x 0.6 x 0.6

= 0.216

1. 8 3

2. 33

3.

1
4. 2

5. 0.5 3

Number
1.

Steps
c. Multiply the number by itself 2
times.
d. Find the value.

2.

c. For negative number, put bracket,


then multiply the number.
To determine the answer, multiply
the sign then the number.
d. The answer is a negative number.

3.

c. .For all fractions, put bracket.


Multiply the numerator and the
denominator by itself 2 times.
d. Determine the value for numerator
and denominator and write the
answer as fraction.

4.

c. For mixed number, change to


improper fraction. Dont forget the
bracket.
d. Find the value as fraction above.

Solutions

c. For decimals, emphasis on decimal


places.For number with one
decimal place,the value will be
three decimal places, that is triple
of the number.
d. Find the value and mark the
decimal point clearly.

5.

Cube Root
Find the value of the followings
1.
3

64

0.729

2.

125

3.

27
343

4. 3

16
250

5.

3
8

6.

Number
1.

2.

Steps
a. Cube root of a number is the
number which multiplied twice
by itself produces the given
number.
b. Alternative method is reduce
the number to factors.
c. Another alternative is refer to
four-figure table or memorise
perfect cube number.

3.

a. For all negative numbers, the


value of cube root will always
be negative.

4.

a. For fraction,find the value for


the
numerator
and
the
denominator. Write the answer
as fraction.
b. For fraction that the numerator
and the denominator is not a
perfect cube number,simplify
to lower term so that the value
for numerator and denominator
can be determine.
c. Write the answer as fraction.

5.

6.

a. For mixed number,change to


improper fraction.
b. Find the value as fraction
above.
a. For decimals, emphasis on
decimal places.For number
with three decimal places,the
value will be one decimal
place.
b. Find the value and mark the
decimal point clearly.
c. Alternative method is change
decimal to fraction.Find the
cube root as fraction and change
to decimal as the answer.

64 =

64 =

Solutions
4 x4 x4 = 4

2 x2 x2 x2 x2 x2

= 3 4
=4

125 = - 5

27
=
343

3
3 x3 x3
=
7
7 x7 x7

16
=
250

2
8
=
5
125

0.729 = -0.3

0.729 =

3
=
8

3
27
=
2
8

729
1000
9
= 10
3

= - 0.9

Exercise 4
Find the value of the followings
1.

27

5. 3 4

17
27

2.
6.

64
0.216

3.

8
125

4.

54
128

Number
1.

2.

Steps
a. Cube root of a number is the
number which multiplied twice
by itself produces the given
number.
a. Alternative method is reduce
the number to factors.
b. Another alternative is refer to
four-figure table or memorise
perfect cube number.

3.

a. For all negative numbers, the


value of cube root will always
be negative.

4.

a. For fraction,find the value for


the
numerator
and
the
denominator. Write the answer
as fraction.
b. For fraction that the numerator
and the denominator is not a
perfect cube number,simplify to
lower term so that the value for
numerator and denominator can
be determine.
c. Write the answer as fraction.

5.

a. For mixed number,change to


improper fraction.
b. Find the value as fraction
above.

6.

a. For decimals, emphasis on


decimal places.For number with
three decimal places,the value
will be one decimal place.
b. Find the value and mark the
decimal point clearly.
c. Alternative method is change
decimal to fraction.Find the
cube root as fraction and
change to decimal as the
answer.

Solutions

PMR 2005 and 2004


1

1. Find the value of

Number
1

Steps

Solutions

a. Multiply the number by itself 2


times.
b. Multiply the sign.
c. Determine the value for
numerator and denominator
and write the answer as fraction
2.

a. Change the decimal to


fraction.
b. Find the cube for the
numerator and denominator.
c. Change the fraction to decimal
as the answer. 1 mark for correct
answer.

2. Find the value of 0.512 3

PMR 2005
Calculate the value of (4.2
Number
1.

27 ) 2

Steps
a. Find the value of the cube root.
b. Divide the two numbers in the
bracket.

Solutions

c. Multiply the number by itself to


find the square of the answer.
d. Determine the decimal place.The
answer should be a two decimal
places. 2 marks for correct
answer.

PMR 2004
Calculate the value of 4
Number
1.

27
8

Steps
a. Find the value of the square.
b. Find the value of the cube root.
c. Multiply the two values by
simplification.
d. Determine the sign of the answer.
e. 2 marks for correct answer.

Exercises

2
3

1. 1

2.

0.027

Solutions

64
9

3.

4. (-0.05) 2
5. .
6. ( 2 3 -

25

)2

3 8 + 4

7.

8. ( 8 1

9.

64 ) 2