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A STUDY ON

RATIO ANALYSIS AT
PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK (PNB)
A
PROJECT REPORT
Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the award of degree of

MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

Under the Guidance of


MRS. ANSHU BHATIA M.B.A.,

SUBMITTED BYVANDNA CHAWLA


ROLL NO-1408570113
S.D. COLLEGE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES

SUBMITTED FOR
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow
2014 2016
IN THE SUPERVISION OF
MR. N.K. SETHI
(SENIOR MANAGER HRD)

UNDER THE GUIDANCE


MRS. ANSHU BHATIA
( M.B.A.)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The page that follows companies a report on A STUDY OF RATIO ANALYSIS with the
special reference of Punjab National Bank.
I am thankful to MR. SAILESH KUMAR (Senior Manager) for giving me the
opportunity to work in Ratio Analysis that is the field I wanted to work in and would like to
take up in the future career.
I sincerely express my thanks to MRS. ANSHU BHATIA Lecturer Finance with out whose
help and guidance this project would not have shaped properly.
I am also thankful to MR. N.K. SETHI (Head of HRD Department) to help me in getting
permission to pursue training in PNB.
I am thankful to Finance member of the firm for helping me during the project.
I shall fail in my duty if I forgot to thank our director for his help and assistance.
Thanks to all.

(VANDNA CHAWLA)

DECLARATION

I, the undersigned VANDNA CHAWLA student of MBA Semester 3 hereby declare that
the project work presented in this report is my own work and has been carried out under the
supervision of A.Prof. Mrs. ANSHU BHATIA of S.D.COLLEGE OF MANAGEMENT
STUDIES.
This work has not been previously submitted to any other university for any
examination.

VANDNA CHAWLA
Place : MuzaffarNagar

PREFACE

Project study is an essential part for post graduate program in the discipline of Master of
Business Administration (MBA). Actually it is the way to practice what we have learnt. It
enables students to apply their conceptual knowledge in the practical situation and to learn
the art of conducting study and presenting its findings in a scientifically and systematic
manner.
It has been a learning experience to prepare the project report as a part of MBA program. The
study has been made to gain better understanding about Ratio Analysis. I have pursued this
project in Punjab National Bank.
This project deals with different types of risks in banks, methods to identify them, monitor
them, manage them and control them. This project includes some rating models which can
use to rate credit borrowers. Efforts have been made to incorporate the latest changes. Any
suggestion or observation from the reader will be thankfully acknowledged.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

As a part of the partial fulfilment of the M.B.A course at S.D. COLLEGE OF


MANAGEMENT STUDIES. Summer Training was undertaken with the Punjab National
Bank.
This project is specially designed to understand the subject matter of Financial Statement
Analysis through various ratios in the company. This project gives us information and
report about companys Financial Position. Throughout the project focus has been on
presenting information and comments in easy and intelligible manner.
The purpose of the training was to have practical experience of working in an organization
and to have exposure in the various management practices in the field of finance. This
training has also given me an on the job experience of Financial Management.
The result of the diploma thesis is a concept for Punjab National Bank for the
implementation of an active Ratio Analysis in Financial Organization. The concept
includes the necessary steps for implementing the organisation for the ratio analysis in
financial organization and measures for the continuous improvement of the ratio analysis.
This project is very useful for those who want to know about company and financial position
of the company.

CONTENTS
SL.
No.
1

Topics
CHAPTER 1
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

CHAPTER 2

3-23

PUNJAB NATIONAL BANK

7-8

AWARD & ACHIEVEMENT


ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
CHAPTER 3

9-12
13-20
21
22-23
24-32

INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT

25

INTRODUCTION OF RATIO ANALYSIS

26

OVERVIEW OF BANKING IN INDIA

27

RESERVE BANK OF INDIA


CHAPTER 4
INTRODUCTION OF RATIO ANALYSIS
5

4-6

SERVICES OF PNB

1-2

CHAIRMANS PROFILE

COMPANYS PROFILE

Page
No.

CHAPTER 5
NEED OF THE STUDY

28-32
33-70
34-70
71-75
72

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
6

CHAPTER 6

73-75
76-80

FINDINGS

77

CONCLUSION

78

SUGGESTION

79

LIMITATIONS

80

CHAPTER 7

81-88

ANNEXUR

82-83

BALANCESHEET ANALYSIS

84-85

RATIO ANALYSIS

86-88

CHAPTER 8
BIBLIOGRAPY

89-90
90