Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

01. What is convention?

Ans: Convention means the convention on


International Civil Aviation signed in Chicago on
the 7th December, 1944 and any amendments of the
Convention or Annex there to made in accordance
with the provisions of Article 96 of the Convention.
02. What is the difference between license and
rating?
Ans: License includes any certificate of
competency required to be held in connection with
the license by the law of the country in which the
license is granted.
Rating means an authorization entered on a
license and forming part there of stating special
condition privileges or limitation pertaining to such
license.
03. What is export C of A?
Ans: Export Certification of Airworthiness of
aircraft means a document issued by the Civil
Aviation Authority, Bangladesh in respect of a
complete aircraft including engine(s) and
propeller(s) as application for the aircraft being
exported from Bangladesh.
04. What is nationality and registration mark of
Bangladesh registered aircraft?
Ans: The nationality and registration mark of
Bangladesh registered aircraft is S2-3 Letter (For
example: AHA, AHB, AHC etc).
05. Which part of CAR-84 deals with
airworthiness requirements?
Ans: Part VIII of CAR-84 deals with airworthiness
requirements.
06. What do you understanding by contracting
country in respect of CAR-84?
Ans: Contracting country in respect of CAR-84
means the member country of International Civil
Aviation Organization (ICAO).
07. What is the penalty for contravening of the
provision of CAR-84 rules?
Ans: Penalty: Any person contravening any of the
provision of these rules shall be punishable with
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or
with fine not exceeding Take Five thousand or with
both.
08. When effective date of ANO and substantial
revision shall come into force?
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Ans: These orders and subsequent revisions shall


come into force from the date of issue shown there
on unless specifically stated otherwise and shall
supersede all previous order notices or directives
issued in this regard.
09. What is the validity period of C of A?
Ans: For a period specified by the chairman but not
to exceed one year.
10. What is the validity period of Certificate of
fitness for flight?
Ans: Seven days from the date of issue.
11. What does a temporary C of R endorse with
the restriction?
Ans: A temporary Certificate of Registration
endorsed with the restriction Issued for ferry flight
and valid only until the first landing at a Customs
Airport in Bangladesh will be provided by the
CAAB.
12. When shall AD be considered mandatory?
Ans: Since AD issued by the airworthiness
authority of the country of origin is darned to be
mandatory for the same type of a/c which are on the
Bangladesh register of civil a/c.
13. Which rule and part of ANO deals with AME
license?
Ans: Rule no. 39 and ANO part D.
14. Which are the aircraft in group-1?
Ans: Group 1 Aircraft includes all Unpressurised
Aero planes having Maximum Total Weight
Authorized (MTWA) of 5700 Kg or less.
15 . Who did certify and emergency medical kit?
Ans: Emergency medical kit verified and certified
by a medical officer or by an authorized
representative of an approved safety equipment
shop.
16 . What is the title of Bangladesh legislation of
air law?
Ans: The title of Bangladesh legislation of air law is
Civil Aviation Rules-1984.
17 . How many rule in CAR-84?
Ans: There are 334 rules in CAR-84.
18 . How many annex that ICAO has introduced
to be followed by the contracting states?
Ans: 18 annex that ICAO has introduced to be
followed by the contracting states.

19 . What is meant by Bangladesh ANO?


Ans: The ANO (Air Navigation Orders) is the
matters relating to airworthiness requirements
issued by the chairman, CAAB under rule 4 of the
Civil Aviations Rules 1984.
20. What is British ANO?
Ans: British ANO or British Civil Airworthiness
Requirements (BCAR) which are issued by CAA,
elaborate on the ANO and constitute the minimum
technical requirements to be met by designs,
operators and maintainers.
21. What is meant by AD?
Ans: Airworthiness directive means any
modification, inspection or servicing task
considered essential to the airworthiness of an
aircraft and declared mandatory by the regulatory
authority of the country of origin of the aircraft or
by the CAAB.
22. Which part of CAR-84 deals with aircraft
noise?
Ans: Part XVI of CAR-84 deals with aircraft noise.
23. What is the meaning of Civil twilight as
per CAR-84?
Ans: Civil twilight ends in the evening when the
centre of the suns disc is 6 degrees below the
horizon and begins in the miming when the centre
of the suns disc is 6 degrees bclov the horizon.
24. What is meant by license as per CAR-84?
Ans: License includes any certificate of
competency required to de held in connection with
the license by the law of the country in which the
license is granted.
25. What do you know about Chicago
Convention?
Ans: The convention on International Civil Aviation
signed in Chicago on the 7th December.1944 and
any amendments of the Convention or Annex there
to make in accordance with the provisions of Article
96 of the Convention.
26. What is an aero plane?
Ans: Aero plane means a power driven heavier
than air aircraft deriving its lift in flight chiefly
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

from aerodynamic reactions on surfaces which


remain fixed under given condition of flight.
27. What is the difference between CAR-84 and
ANO?
Ans: The difference between CAR-84 and ANO
are:CAR-84: It is a Gazette published by the Peoples
Republic of Bangladesh.
ANO: The ANO (Air Navigation Orders) is the
matters relating to airworthiness requirements
issued by the chairman, CAAB under rule 4 of the
Civil Aviations Rules, 1984.
28. What is meant by type of aircraft?
Ans: Type of aircraft means a design and make of
aircraft and refers to group of essentially similar
aircraft, which although possible exiting in different
models stem from a common basic design (e.g.
Boeing 747 aircraft).
29. What is Traffic Advisory (TA)?
Ans: Traffic advisory (TA) means an indication
given to the flight crew that a certain intruder is a
potential threat.
30. What are the contents of Flight manual?
Ans: The contents of Flight manual are: General.
Operating limitation.
Emergency procedures.
Normal procedures.
Performance.
31. Explain: MMEL, AML and CMM.
Ans: MMEL- Master Minimum Equipment List.
AML- Aircraft Maintenance Log.
CMM- Component Maintenance Manual.
32. What is meant by FDR?
Ans: Flight Data Recorder (FDR) means type of
recorder installed in the aircraft for recording of
specified flight parameters for the purpose of
complementing accident/incident investigation that
meets the current recording requirements approved
by the Chairman.
06. When C of A deemed to be suspended?
Ans: Where an aircraft suffers damage does not
have a valid Maintenance Release or develops a
defect which cannot normally be remedied by the

flight crew the Certificate of Airworthiness shall be


deemed to be suspended.
34. What are the powers of pilot in command?
Ans: The pilot responsible for the operation and
safety of the aircraft during flight time. Powers of
pilot in command are;Can remove a person from aircraft.
Can take into restrain or custody by force.
Detain PX (Passenger) or crew and cargo for period
if he feels necessary for the aircraft
33. What are the categories of aircraft in respect
of operation?
Ans: Three categories of aircraft are:Commercial Air Transport Operation, Aerial work
operation, General Aviation Operation.OR,
Every aircraft in respect of which a Certificate of
Airworthiness is in force will be classified on that
Corticated for operation in one of the following
categories:

Private category.
Aerial work category.
Charter category.
Scheduled public transport category.
35. Under which authority was CAR-84
published?
Ans:
Under
International
Civil
Aviation
Organization (ICAO) including 18 annex from
Chicago Convention, CAR-84 was published.
36. When does the deregistration of aircraft
become mandatory?
Ans: When the aircraft has been destroyed or
permanently with drawn from service the registered
owner of the aircraft shall, requests the Chairman in
writing and return the Certificate of Registration
after completion of the relevant portion of the
Certificate within 15 days.
37. ANO published under which rule of CAR84?
Ans: ANO published under which rule 4 of CAR84.
38. What is the title of CAR-84 part-VIII?
Ans: The title of CAR-84 part-VIII is Airworthiness
requirements.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

1. What do you mean by substantial damage?


Ans: Substantial Damage means damage or
structural failure which adversely affects the
structural strength, performance or flight
characteristics of the aircraft which would normally
require major repair or replacement of the affected
component.
2. How many classes of aircraft operation are
there? Name those.
Ans: Every aircraft in respect of which a Certificate
of Airworthiness is in force will be classified on
that Certificate for operation in one of the following
categories: Private category.
Aerial work category.
Charter category
Scheduled public transport category.
3. What is the log books kept in respect of a/c
registered in Bangladesh?
Ans: The following log books shall be kept in
respect of a/c registered in Bangladesh: A journey log book/AML.
An aircraft log book.
For more than one engine, separate log book
for each engine.
An APU log book.
For an aircraft fitted with more than one
variable pitch propeller, separate log book
for each propeller.
Foe aircraft with radio apparatus, a radio
apparatus log book.
A modification record book for each aircraft
engine, propeller, radio.
04. What are the conditions under which survey
inspections may be waived for the issue,
validation or renewal of a C of A?
Ans: Each aircraft for which application is made for
issue and Renewal of a Certificate of Airworthiness
shall be subject to a survey inspection. Where an
aircraft has been adequately inspected with in the
preceding 30 (thirty) days, the required survey
inspection may be waived when renewing the
Certificate of Airworthiness.

05. Who does issue release note and when its


being issued?
Ans: Each Bangladesh organization approved by the
chairman for the manufacture, overhaul, repair,
modification or distribution of products and
materials shall provide a release note, with each
product processed.
A release note shall be completed in respect of each
aeronautical product intended for installation in an
aircraft.
07. What are the ICAO annexes-I Type-II
licenses?
Ans: ICAO Annex-I as TYPE II licenses are issued
in the following categories and their subcategories:A (Airframe) Unpressurised Aero planes
C (Engine) Piston Engine, Turbine Engine
E (Electrical) DC power, AC power
I (Instrument) General Aircraft Instruments,
Integrated Flight Systems
R (Radio) Communication Navigation, Pulse &
FM
08. What do you understand by the level number
L3/R1 against a particular subject in the syllabi
of ANE license exam?
Ans: L3/R1 means that level 3 knowledge is
required for the license and level I for the type
Rating.
09. Difference between MMEL and MEL?
Ans: Master Minimum Equipment List means a
document which is approved by the airworthiness
authority of the country of origin that established
the essential a/c equipment allowed to be
inoperative condition specified there in for a
specific type of a/c.
Minimum Equipment List means a document
which is approved by the CAAB that authorizes an
operator to operate a type of a/c specified there in
with essential equipment inoperative under
condition specified there in.
10 . What are the privileges and responsibilities
of an AME as per ANO D-3?
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Ans: In respect of aircraft registered in Bangladesh,


the holder of a type rte AME license issued by the
CAAB may issue the following certificates: Certificate of Compliance.
Maintenance Release.
Certificate of Fitness for Flight.
11 . What is certificate of type approval?
Ans: Certificate of type approval in respect of an
aircraft means, the action taken by the Chairman, as
an alternative to issuing CAABs own Type
Certificate (TC), in accepting a Type Certificate
including the Type Certificate Data Sheet (TCDS)
issued by any other contracting state which meets
the design standard of the CAAB as specified in this
Order.
12 . What are the approved log books that can be
purchased from CAAB?
Ans: The following approved log books that can be
purchased from CAAB: Aircraft log book.
Modification record log book.
Propeller log book.
Engine log book.
13 . What is release note?
Ans: Release Note means a document issued by
an approved organization in Bangladesh following
the manufacture, overhaul, repair, modification or
procurement of aircraft materials, parts or
components, which attests that the particular
product has been certified in accordance with the
requirements of the Chairman to conform to all
applicable
airworthiness
standards
and
requirements.
14 . What is the title of ANO section AIG?
Ans: The title of ANO section AIG is accident
investigation.
15 . What is the meaning of chairman as per
CAR-84?
Ans: Chairman means the Chairman of the Civil
Aviation Authority or any person performing the
duties of the Chairman for the time being in force.

16 . Which are rule of CAR-84 that deals with


the authority and responsibilities of chairman?
Ans: Rule-3 of CSR-84 deals with the authority and
responsibilities of chairman.
Explain medical inspectin requirement for
application for LWTR exam along with rul.
Ans: The applicant for a Medical Assessment shall
undergo a Medical Assessment based on the
following requirements:a. Physical and mental requirements
Any abnormality, congenital or acquired.
Any wound, injury or squeal from operation.
b. Visual acuity test and colour perception
requirement.
Visual acuity tests should be conducted in
an environment with a level of illumination
that corresponds to ordinary office
illumination (30-60 cd/m2).
The applicant shall be required to
demonstrate the ability to perceive readily
those colours the perception of which is
necessary for the safe performance of duties.
c. Hearing test requirements
Applicants shall be required to demonstrste
a hearing performance sullicient for the safe
exercise of their license and rating
privileges.
17 . What are means by SSI and MSI?
Ans: Structural Significant Item (SSI) means the
detail element or assembly identified by the
manufacturer, which contributes significantly to
carrying flight ground pressure or control loads and
whose failure could affect the structural integrity
necessary for the safety of the aircraft.
Maintenance Significant Items (MSI) means the
functional system items which are important from a
safety or reliability standpoint and formulate
candidates for maintenance steering group (MSG)
analysis.
18 . What are the primary design standard of
aeronautical as per ANO for Bangladesh?
Ans: The primary airworthiness design standard for
aeronautical products i.e. aircraft materials part,
processes and appliances are:KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Technical standard order (TSO) issued by


FAA (FAA Part 21, Sub Part-0) of the USA;
or
European Technical Standard Orders (CSETSO) issued by EASA;
OR/ Other standard that may be acceptable
to the Chairman.

20 . Explain nationality and registration mark of


Bangladesh a/c?
Ans: The nationality mark of a Bangladesh aircraft
is the symbol S2 which shall precede the
registration mark.
The registration mark of a Bangladesh aircraft is a
group of three letters, being the letters assigned to
the aircraft on its registration. This letter group shall
be preceded by a hyphen.
The nationality and registration mark of Bangladesh
registered aircraft is S2-Letter ( For example AHA,
AHB, AHC etc.)
21. What is meant by maintenance program?
Ans: Maintenance Program means a document
which describes the specific scheduled maintenance
tasks and their frequency of completion and related
procedures, such as a reliability program, necessary
for the safe operation of those aircraft to which it
applies.
22 . Explain about Maintenance Release?
Ans: Maintenance Release means a document
issued in respect of each aircraft at prescribed
intervals, which certifies that al maintenance
specified in the maintenance schedule for that
aircraft and all other outstanding maintenance has
been accomplished in accordance with all
applicable
airworthiness
standards
and
requirements.
23 . What is reportable defect?
Ans: Reportable defect means any defect
malfunctions or other occurrences on an aircraft
whether on the ground or in flight, which may:(i) Endanger the safety of the aircraft or its
occupants.
(ii) Cause the aircraft to become a danger to
persons or property.

(iii)Be classified by the Chairman as a


reportable deft.

24 . As per ANO B-1 what is maintenance and


servicing?
Ans: Maintenance means the performance of
tasks required to ensure the continuing
airworthiness of an aircraft, including any one or
combination of overhaul, inspection, replacement,
defect rectification and the embodiment of a
modification or repair.
Servicing means preparing the aircraft for flight
and includes cleaning, lubrication, and provision of
fuel and replenishment of other fluids but does not
incur any work that is maintenance.
25 . What are the design standards of a/c engine,
propeller accepted by the chairman CAAB?
Ans: The primary airworthiness design standards in
respect of aircraft, engine and propellers specified
by the Chairman are: Small or Light Aero plane : FAR part 23
or EASA CS-23
Large Aero plane
: FAR part 25
or EASA CS-25
Engines
: FAR part 33
or EASA CS-E
Propellers
: FAR part 35
or EASA CS-P
26. When is a Certificate of Compliance issued?
Ans: Certificate of Compliance means a
certification mad in respect of any maintenance
performed on any aircraft engine, propeller,
component
or
part,
including
overhaul,
modification, repair and aircraft inspections not
requiring a maintenance release, which attests that
the work has been performed in accordance with all
applicable
airworthiness
standards
and
requirements.
27. Explain the empty weight of an a/c.
Ans: Empty weight means the weight of the
empty aircraft including items of equipment
specified in the flight manual weight and balance
report, fixed ballast, unusable fuel and full
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

operating fluids including oil, hydraulic fluid and


other fluids required for normal operation of aircraft
systems but not including potable water lavatory
precharge water and water intended for injection on
the engines.
01 . Define or explain false statement in
accordance with CAR-84.
ans: False
statement: A parson shall not make, either orally or
in writing a statement that is raise or misleading in a
material particular or in connection with(a) An application for the grant, issue renewal
or endorsement of a license, rating,
certificate, permit, permission, authority or
approval under these rule; or
(b) A return report, notice, form or other
document furnished in accordance with
these rules.
02 . What are the document carriages in a/c
when operating outside Bangladesh?
Ans:
The document carriages in a/c when
operating outside Bangladesh are: Certificate of Registration (C of R).
Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A).
The licenses of the operating crew (L of C).
Noise Certificate.
Maintenance release.
Journey log book.
Flight manual of the aircraft.
Radio license equipment in the aircraft.
If the aircraft is carrying passenger, a list of
the name places of embarkation and place of
destination of the passenger.
If the aircraft is carrying cargo a manifest
and detaied declarations for the cargo.
Such other documents as specified by the
Chairman.

iii)

03 . What are the requirements to apply for


LWTR exam?
Ans: The requirements to apply for LWTR exam an
applicant shall:(a) Be at least 21 years of age.
(b) Have sufficient knowledge of the English
language to perform the duties of an AME.
(c) Not suffer from any disability likely to
affect the technical skill or judgment
requirement of an AME.
(d) Have completed the appropriated training
requirements.
(i)
AME course approved by the
Chairman, CAAB.
(ii)
Airworthiness Legislation Course
with in the last 10 years.
(iii) Completed an appropriate refresher
course with in the last 36 months.
(e) Have acquired the appropriate practical
experience.
(i)
Maintenance experience shall be
counted from the applicable date
after successful completion of Basic
Course.
(ii)
300 working day in the specific subcategory.
(iii) 3
years
of
Major
Maintenance/Repair/Overhaul.
(f) Have successfully completed the appropriate
written and oral examination required.
(g) Have passed at least any one of the
following acceptable to the Chairman.
i)
Higher Secondary School Certificate
in Science, or
ii)
Diploma in Aircraft Maintenance
Engineering, or
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Diploma in Mechanical, Electrical or


Electronic Engineering.

04. What is the evidence to be provided for


issuing, validation or renewal of C of A?
Ans: The evidence to be provided for issuing,
validation or renewal of C of A are given below:Issuance of Certificate of Airworthiness:(a) Technical Data for issue of Certificate of
Airworthiness on the Form CA-182C.
(b) Application for issue of Certificate of
Airworthiness on the Form CA-25.
(c) Compliance
checks
list-Aircraft
documentation.
(d) Copy of letter from the manufacturer of the
aircraft, engine and propeller (if applicable).
(e) Application for issue of noise certificate,
Form AWS-18.
Renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness:(a) Application on the Form CA-26.
(b) Certificate of Inspection for renewal of C of
A on the Form AWS- 16.
06. Define the term On condition and
Condition monitoring.
Ans: On condition (OC) means a preventive
primary maintenance process but one in which an
item is inspected or tested at specified periods to an
appropriate standard in order to determine, whether
it can continue in service (such an inspection or test
may reveal a need of servicing actions). The
fundamental purpose of On-Condition is to remove
an item before its failure in service.
Condition monitoring means a primary
maintenance process which os non preventive,
having neither Hard Time nor On-Condition
elements but one in which information on items
gained from operational experience is collected,
analyzed and interpreted on a continuing basis as a
means of implementing corrective process.

07. Describe how ICAO was established.


Ans: Formation of ICAO: In 1944 the Chicago
Conference established the International Civil
Aviation Organization (ICAO), permanently
headquartered in Montreal, Canada ICAO is
changed with the administration of the articles
drawn up at the conference. ICAO Standards and
Recommended Practices are detailed in the 18
Annexes to the Chicago Convention that cover all
aspects of international civil aviation. ICAO has a
sovereign body, the Assembly, a governing body
and the Council. The ICAO assembly is composed
one representative from each contracting state.
Assembly meets at least once every three years and
is convened by the Council. Each Contracting State
is entitled to one vote and decision of the Assembly
is taken by a majority of the votes cat except when
otherwise provided for in the Convention. There are
close t 200 members today. The Council is a
permanent body responsible to the Assembly and is
composed f representatives from 36 Contracting
States elected by the Assembly for a three-year
term. One of the major duties of the Council is to
adopt International Standards and Recommended
Practices and to incorporate these as Annexes to the
Convention on International Civil Aviation. The
general expenses of ICAO are apportioned among
the various states and each pays the expenses of its
own delegation to the organization.
The Chicago Convention of 1944 specifically stated
that it superseded the Havana and Paris
conventions. The Convention has a total of 96
articles relating to Air Navigation, ICAO
Organization and International Air Transportation.
Enforcement is founded on the power to suspend an
airline from international operation or to deprive a
state of its voting power. However, states may not
be deprived of their freedom of action in the event
of war.

KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

05. What is duplicate inspection and procedure


of duplicate
inspection?
Ans: Duplicate inspection means an inspection
first made and certified by one qualified person and
subsequently made and certified by a second
qualified person.
Procedure of duplicate inspection:1) Where any maintenance disturbs a system
by which the flight attitude or propulsive
force of an aircraft is controlled, the person
signing the maintenance release of the
maintenance shall
ensure that
an
independent check is made for correct
assembly, locking range of travel and sense
of operation of the system disturbed.
2) No person shall perform an independent
check required by above paragraph wh has
been directly involved in the assembly of the
control system being checked.
3) The duplicate inspection shall be the final
operation to establish of the control system
when all the work has been completed.
4) Where it is not possible to inspect the
complete control system because of routing
through conduits, boxed in sections and presealed units, the person performing the
inspections shall verify that a duplicate
inspection has previously been made on the
inaccessible areas and that the presealed or
its are acceptable for the particular use.
5) Control systems subject to duplicate
inspections shall not be disturbed or
readjusted after the first certified inspection.
6) The second part of a duplicate inspection
shall follow immediately after the first part.
7) If a control system is disturbed after
completion of the duplicate inspection that
part which has been disturbed shall again be

inspected in duplicate before the aircraft


flies.

09. What is false statement in relation CAR-84?


Explain the trial procedure and penalty for
contravening the provision of the rule of CAR84.
Ans: False statement: A person shall not makr either
orally or in writing, a statement that is false or
misleading in a material particular or in connection
with(a) An application for the grant, issue, renewal
or endorsement of a license, rating,
certificate, permit, permission, authority or
approval under these rules; or
(b) A return report, notice form or other
document furnished in accordance with
these rules.
Penalty:- Any person contravening any of the
provision of these rules shall be punishable with
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or
with fine not exceeding Taka Five thousand or with
both.
Summary trial- Notwithstanding anything contained
in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of
1898), or in any other law for the time being in
force any Magistrate of the first class may try in a
summary way in accordance with the provision of
sections 262 to 265 of that Code of any breach of or
failure to comply with any rule.

14. How many parts are there in CAR-84 and


explain rule-333.
Ans: There are 18 parts in CAR-83. Explanation of
rule-333 is given below:KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Penalty:- Any person contravening any of the


provision of these rule shall he punishable with
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year or
with fine not exceeding Taka Five Thousand or with
both.
10. What are the concession and dispensation in
a/c maintenance? Explain with reference to
MMEL and MEL.
Ans: Concession means limited extension granted
by the Chairman in respect of any aircraft
appliances or systems to remain in service or to
continue beyond the approved life as stated in the
approved AMP/AMS or approved MEL, keeping
the safety of the aircraft in view but excluding those
aircraft appliances which averetirement or scrap
life.
It is a certificate issued by the CAAB on
application, accompanied with appropriate charge
where applicable, for registration of an aircraft
being submitted by its owner or operator. The
certificate in not subject to renewal and is valid
until change of nationality, ownership or until the
aircraft is destroyed or permanently with drawn
from use.
Dispensation/Exemption means any departure
from the requirements of these Orders as may be
granted by the Chairman to use a limited quantity of
material/parts not manufactured exactly in
accordance with the manufacturers approved
design specifications or to effect major
modification/repair not completely in conformity
with that approved by manufacturers but are
acceptable to Chairman, keeping the safety of
aircraft in view.
11. Describe import and registration procedure
of a/c in Bangladesh?
Ans: Import and registration procedure of a/c in
Bangladesh are-

1. Application for aircraft registration shall be


made on From CA- 27C not later than 30
days befor the desired date of registration.
2. The application shall be submitted to the
CAAB along with a receipt for the
appropriate fee and with a copy of ach of the
following documents as applicable.
3. The requirement of insurance certificate for
aircraft owned and operated by the
Bangladesh. Government shall be as per the
current policy of the Ministry of Finance.
4. When all requirements have been satisfied,
the Chairmen may issue a Certificate of
Registration to the owner and except as
provided in the CAR 1984, Rule 120, that
Certificate shall be carded in the aircraft at
all times.

(e) Any other private operation of a type


substantially similar to any of those specia
as decidd by the Chairman.
Aerial operation: Aerial operations being all air
service in which an aircraft is used for
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)

Aerial survey.
Agricuture operation.
Construction works.
Photography.
Ambulance function and rescue.
Observation and patrol by Govemment
Departments.
(g) Any other operation of a character
substantially similar to any of the operations
as decided by the Chairman.
Charter operation: Charter operations being all
air service operations in which an aircraft is
used for-

08. What are the classifications of a/c operation?


Name and explain these.
Ans: Every aircraft in respect of which a Certificate
of Airworthiness is in force will be classified on the
Certificate for operation in one f the following
categories:(a) Private category.
(b) Aerial work category/Arial operation.
(c) Charter category/Charter operation.
(d) Scheduled public transport category.
Private category aircraft: Being operations in
which an aircraft is used for
(a) The personnel transportation of the owner of
the aircraft.
(b) The carriage of persons or the carriage of
goods without charge.
(c) The carriage of goods otherwise than for the
purpose of trade.
(d) Conversion training for the category of
aircraft in a pilot icense.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

(a) The carriage of passengers or cargo for hires


or reward to or from any place, but which
are not countd in aordane with fixed
schedules of aircraft operation and fixed
terminals.
(b) The carriage in accordance with fixed
schedules of aircraft operations and from
fixed terminals of passengers or cargo or
passengers and cargo in circumstances in
which the accommodation in the aircraft is
not available for use by members of th
public.
Scheduled public transport operation: Scheduled
public transport operations being all air service
operation in which an aircraft is used for(a) The transport of passengers or cargo for
hires or reward to or from any ace.

(b) The transport in accordance with fixed


schedules of aircraft operations to from
fixed terminals over specific routes with or
without intermediate stopping places
between terminals.

(b) Application for issue of Certificate of


Airworthiness on the From CA-25.
(c) Compliance
checks
list-Aircraft
documentation.
(d) Copy of letter from the manufacturer of
the aircraft engine and propeller (if
applicable).
(e) Application for issue of noise certificate,
From AWS-18.
Suspension
of
Airworthiness:-

12. Define C of A; explain in detail about its


issue, suspension, validation and renewal as per
ANO.
Ans: Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A):
This is a certificate issued or renewed for
validation by the county where, the aircraft is
registered and includes any flight manual
performance schedules or other document
whatever its title incorporated by reference in
that certificate relating to the Certificate of
Airworthiness.
Issuance of Certificate of Airworthiness:1. Certificate of Airworthiness shall be issued
only in respect of the aircraft having a
Certificate of Registration issued by the
Chairman.
2. The qualified applicant shall submit a
official letter along with appropriate fee for
issue of Certificate of Airworthiness to the
Chairman on CAABs following forms with
recent data at least 30 days prior to
intended issue date of the provisional
Certificate of A Airworthiness:(a) Technical Data for issue of Certificate of
Airworthiness on the Form CA-182C.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Certificate

of

The Chairman may suspend summarily any


Certificate of Airworthiness if he considers
such action necessary to ensure compliance
with the Civil Aviation Rule 1984 or in the
interest of safety or if it is ascertained that
the holder of the Certificate has given false
information for th purpose of obtaining the
Certificate.
Validation
of
Airworthiness:-

Certificate

of

For a period specified by the chairman but


not to exceed one year.
Renewal of Certificate of Airworthiness:An official letter forwarding application for
renewal of C of A should be completed and
appropriate fee for renewal of Certificate of
Airworthiness shall be submitted to the
AELD an CAABs following forms with
recent data at least 30 days prior to
intended renewal data of the
Certificate of Airworthiness:(a) Application on the Form CA-26.
(b) Certificate of Inspection for renewal of
C of A on the Form AWS-16.

iii. Landing Gear:(a) Main Landing Gear bogie or truck


assembly.
(b) Up and Down Locks.
(c) Nose Gear Assembly.
(d) Landing Gear Actuating Cylinders.
(e) Selectors valves.

13. Explain Control system and Duplicate


inspection.
Ans: Control system means a system by which
the flight path, attitude or propulsive force of an
aircraft is change; including the flight engine and
propeller control the related system controls and the
related operating mechanism.
Duplicate inspection mans an inspection first
made certified by one qualified person and
subsequently made and certified by a second
qualified person.
Duplicate inspection is carry out of the following
any Modification, Major Repair, Installation or
Adjustment/Test of the under mentioned systems or
components installed on aircraft.
i. Flight Control:(a) Primary Flight Control Surfaces
(Aileron, Elevator, Rudder).
(b) Tabs (Control, Balance, Trim)
(c) Stabilizer (Horizontal, Vertical).
(d) Trim Actuators (Jack Screws).
(e) Control Dampers.
(f) Primary Flight Control Power
Control Units.
(g) Trailing edge flaps.
(h) Leading edge flaps, slats & slots.
(i) Spoilers.
ii. Fuel system:(a) Fuel cell.
(b) Integral Fuel Tanks (Interior repairs
only).
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

15. What is Airworthiness Directive (Ads) and


Service Bulletin?
Ans: Airworthiness Directive means any
modification, inspection or servicing task
considered essential to the airworthiness of an
aircraft and declared mandatory by the regulatory
authority of the country of origin of the aircraft or
by the CAAB.
Service Bulletin: Information circulated by the
manufacturer to the owners and operators
concerning maintenance modifications, inspections,
overhauls and repairs in addition to information
already given in associatd manuals and other media
of information.
There are many categories of Service bulleting.
(a) Normal/Optional Service Bulleting.
(b) Mandatory Service Bulleting.
(c) Alert Service Bulleting, etc.
Main section of service bulletin:
(a) Planning information.
(b) Accomplishment instructions
(c) Material information

30.
write five procedure from the crew
checklist?
Ans :
1. Pre flight
2. Pre departure
3. Altimeter seeting & checking
4. Noise abatement
5. VFRR approach
6. Instrument approach

17. Write down maintenance maintenance


certification & supervision responsibility?
Ans : MAINTENANCE CERTIFICATION AND
SUPERVISION
1. All work performed shall be by or under the
supervision of appropriately licensed aircraft
maintenance engineer(s) and appropriate person(s)
in accordance with the applicable approved
procedures.
2. Each person supervising maintenance shall
ensure that the maintenance is performed in
accordance with the applicable Civil Aviation Rules
and these Orders.
3.Each person supervising maintenance shall
familiarise himself with the appropriate logbooks,
maintenance, data maintenance records and
modification status of the aircraft or component.
4. Each person supervising maintenance shall
personally observe the work being done to the
extent necessary, to ensure that it is accomplished
properly and he shall be readily available for
consultation with those maintenance personnel
performing the work.
5. When maintenance is performed by persons
working in shifts, the supervisor shall ensure that
the work status at the end of each shift is properly
recorded and communicated to the supervisor of the
following shift

16 . Write down the cause of Cancellation of C


of R?
Ans : Cancellation of registration.(1) Where a Bangladesh aircraft has been destroyed
or permanently withdrawn from use, the holder of a
certificate of registration in respect of the aircraft
shall, within fifteen days from the date of such
destruction or withdrawal, forward to the Chairman
a statement of the circumstances of the destruction
or withdrawal together with the certificate of
registration.
(2) Where the Chairman is satisfied that a
Bangladesh aircraft has been destroyed or
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

permanently withdrawn from use, he shall cancel


the registration of the aircraft from the register of
Bangladesh aircraft.
(3) The holder of a certificate of registration in
respect of a Bangladesh aircraft may, at any time,
apply to the Chairman for the cancellation of the
registration of the aircraft from the register of
Bangladesh aircraft, and shall forward the
certificate of registration along with his application
to the Chairman.
(4) Where the Chairman is satisfied with a request
made to him under sub-rule (3), he may cancel the
registration accordingly.
(5) Where the Government is satisfied that the
ownership or other aspects or the registration of a
Bangladesh aircraft do not comply with these rules
and proper and timely advice of the matter has not
been supplied to the Chairman, the Government
may direct the Chairman to cancel the registration
of the aircraft and the Chairman shall so cancel.
20 . When C of A is deemed to be suspended and
how it is relnstatae ?
Ans : where an aircraft surface damage , does not
have a valid Maintenance release or develops a
defect which cannot normally be reminded by the
flight crew , the Certificate of airworthiness shall be
deemed to be suspended.
A Certificate of airworthiness which has been
suspended in accordance with the rule 187 of the
CAR-84 is deemed to be reinstand when.
As per the rule 203 of the CAR-84
When the Maintenance Release is
revalidate or
When a new Maintenance Release is
issued.


18. what are the defects to be reported to the TC
holder?
Ans : the following defects are to be reported to the
TC holder
Fire (actual or false warning)
Smoke in aircraft
Leakage of gases from an engine
Leakage of gases from an auxiliary
power plant.
Leakage of gases from exhaust system
or duct which results in damage to the
engine, power plant, adjacent structure,
component or equipment.
Smoke .toxic or noxious fumes in crew
,passenger or freight components.
Any type of engine shout down during
flight.
Inability to feather or un feather a
propeller.
Inability to shut down an engine.
Inability to control thrust or reverse
thrust.
Significant leakage or flow interruption
of fuel ,engine oil or hydraulic fluid.
Failure or malfunction of a landing gear
system.
Inability to achieve the intended aircraft
configuration for any flight phase.
Any failure of a wheel, tire or brake
system.
Defects of aircraft primary or auxiliary
flight control.
Damage, cracks, multiple loss of or
missing fasteners.
Permanent deformation or corrosion.
Warning of insecure doors or hatches
during flight.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

Occurrences e.g pressurization failure,


pneumatic or hydraulic failure etc.
Complete or partial loss of electrical
power.
Failure of essential components of
electrical system or ECAM system.
Hazardous information from.
Failure of radio communication.
Failure of navigation system
Failure of any require emergency
equipment to operate or inadvertent
operation that causes of hazardous
situation.
Premature or unscheduled removal of
engine and propellers.
Premature or unscheduled removal of
components or parts having a hard time
(HT) life limit.
Build-up of ice beyond the capability of
the ice protection system on aircraft
during flight.
Each interruption to a flight.
Unscheduled change of aircraft enroute.
Unscheduled stop or diversion from
route.
Any
mechanical
difficulties
or
malfunction .

Any others occurrence that has endangered or may


endanger the safe operation of an aircraft or which
may cause danger to person or property.
19. What are the condition for serious injury as
per CAR-84?
Ans : serious injury means an injury which is
sustained by a person in an accident and which.
(i) Requires hospitalization for more than 48 hours,
commencing within seven days from the date the
injury was received; or
(ii) Results in a fracture of any bone (except simple
fractures of fingures, toes or nose); or

(iii) Involves lacerations which cause severe


haemorrhage, nerve, muscle or tendon damage; or
(iv) Involves injury to any internal organ; or
(v) Involves second or third degree burns, or any
burns affecting more than five per cent of the body
surface; or
(vi) Involves verified exposure to infectious
substances or injurious radiation;

21. Write down the Page block of Aircraft


maintenance Manuel?
Ans : maintenance Manuel each subject is divided
into page groups is blocks of 100 assigned as
follows1-100- description and operation
101-200-Trouble Shooting
301-400- servicing
401-500- removal and installation
501-600- adjustment/test
601-700- inspection/check
701-800- cleaning/painting
801-900- approved repair

22. What are the general requirements for


issuance of Certification of Validation for
Multiple Certificate?
Ans :
The request for validation of foreign
AME
license
or
inspection
Authorization would be considered only
From Bangladeshi operators when
adequate number of such qualified
personnel is not available in the country.
Permission of Board of investigation
(BOI) or Ministry of Labor as
appropriate.
General Physical and mental conditions
including biochemical testing for
addiction to or use of psychoactive
substances .(if any)
Visual and color perception (with or
without correcting lens)
Normal hearing ability.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

The AME maintaining Bangladesh


registered aircraft on the basis of
validation of their foreign license shall
comply with all the applicable rules,
regulation, procedure and direction
issued by the chairman from time to
time and the maintenance procedure and
MEL of the operators.
The validation of the foreign license
shall also be subject to the requirement/
condition stipulated by the contacting
state who has issued the license.
The chairman may verify the reality of
documentation in the manner required,
if considered necessary.
When an operator needs the service of
maintenance engineer (s) from the
aircraft manufactures for carrying out
the On Job Training of Bangladesh
aircraft maintenance engineers on a new
type of aircraft which is frost time
introduced in the country, the
requirements relating to minimum
experience on the type aircraft as started
in the paragraph of this order may not
be insisted upon.
The validation issued shall be valid only
when carried along with the license
validated.
The date of validation shall not be
beyond the validity of the license held.

29. What are the type of Service Bulletin?


Ans : There are three types of Service Bulletin.
i. Alert S.B for identification, light blue paper
ii. Campaign/electrical media/mandatory SB
iii. Normal/optional SB, white paper

9. The requirements of insurance certificate for


aircraft owned and operated by the
Bangladesh Government , shall be as per the
current policy of the Ministry of Finance.
23 . Write
(CAR-84)
Ans :

in brief the coments of Flight Manual

General
The identification of the aircraft
The operating procedure and the
limitations of the aircraft.
Emergency procedure
Normal procedure
The performance and loading of the
aircraft,
The date (if any) of which or the period
(if any) after which , the flight manual
ceases to have effect.
An aircraft search procedure checklist.
Information and instruction relating to
the interception of civil aircraft.

24. What are the documents to be submitted for


aircraft registration ?
Ans :
1. Proof of foreign registration cancellation.
2. Bill of sale or condition sales contract
3. Insurance certificate
4. Import permit
5. A Bangladesh custom clearance certificate.
6. Any others documentation as may be
required by the Chairman.
7. Application for aircraft registration shall be
made on form CA-27C not later then 30
days before the desired date of registration.
8. The application shall be submitted to the
CAAB along with a receipt for the
appropriate fee, and with a copy of each of
the following documents, as applicable.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

When all requirements have been satisfied, the


chairmen may issue a Certificate of Registration
to the owner.
25. What are the contents of service Bulletin?
Ans : There are the following contents of service
bulletin
Planning information
Accomplishment instruction
Material information
26. What are the procedures to find the part
number?
Ans : we can find the part number from a know
item or we can find the item when part number is
known.
Case one-part number in unknown
Turn to able of contents in the desired
chapter/system
Refer to main group in which part
should be listed
Find title of figure in which the part
should be shown ,Major items contained
in figure are listed alphabetically
following figure title.
Case two part number known

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.

From the numerical part number index


find.
Chapter/system
Section/sub-system
Subject/unit
Figure number
Item number
From the figure locate the item

28. What are the procedure to get approval on


NDT?
Ans : Organisations engaged in the non-destructive
testing of aircraft or aircraft parts during
maintenance, overhaul or manufacture may, subject
to the procedures and requirements of this Order, be
authorised to:
(a) Provide reports and certify compliance in
respect of such work when performed on aircraft
structures, structural components and welded
structural components.
(b) Approve personnel to perform NDT and provide
related reports to the authorized organisation.
APPLICATION OF APPROVAL

Organisations seeking approval to


perform NDT work, or an extension to
an existing approval, shall make written
application to the CAAB, and the
application shall include:
(a) Data relating to the number of qualified staff
available to discharge the responsibilities of the
approval, including certified copies of such
certificate as were issued in accordance with the
requirements of paragraph 5.1 of this Order, and a
summary of the experience of each qualified person
as related to the types of NDT that he will be
authorised to perform and certify.
(b) Data relating to each type of the non-destructive
testing equipment available to perform the intended
work, including a report of the serviceability and
calibration status of each item, where applicable.

Two copies of the proposed amendment


to the Maintenance Control Manual
(MCM) to
include procedures for the new or extended NDT
facility shall accompany the application.

Upon being satisfied


requirements have been
Chairman will approve the
amendment to the MCM.
KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072

that
met,

all
the

27. Outline the survey inspection item?


Ans : A survey inspection may include any or all of
the following:
(a) Weighing of the aircraft;
(b) Inspection of the structure for corrosion, cracks
and distortion;
(c) Inspection of the fabric and skin for
deterioration and distortion;
(d) Duplicate inspection of flight controls;
(e) Inspection of systems for condition and
functioning;

(f) Cabin pressurization check;


(g) Instrument serviceability check;
(h) Compass swing;
(i) Inspection of the radio station for condition,
conformity and functioning;
(j) Inspection of safety equipment for condition;
(k) Verification that all applicable airworthiness
directives, modifications and engineering records
are implemented and meet acceptable standards;
and
(l) Intermediate stage inspections during the
progress of any work associated with issue,
validation or renewal of a Certificate of
Airworthiness.

31. Name the different types of manuals used for


a/c maintenance?
Ans :
AMS -aircrfat maintenance schedule
AMM/CMMaircraft
maintenance
Manuel/Component maintenance Manuel
IPC- Illustrated parts catalogue
SRM-structure repair Manuel
WDM-wiring diagram Manual
AWL-aircraft wiring list
EOsengineering
orders
(inspection/Modification/Repair orders)

KHALED HASAN
AEROSPACE
ROLL NO : 581072