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This is to certify that the project report entitled on cell phone jammer design is being
submitted by

Id number

1. Addisu Yeshiwas


2. Amare Tiruneh


3. Chekol Shitawa


4. Mihret Mebratu


5. Admasu H/Micheal


In partial fulfillment for the award of the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical
Engineering to Debre Markos University is a record of bonafied work carried out under
my guidance and supervision.
The results embodied in this project report have not been submitted to any other
University or Institute for the award of any Degree or Diploma.

Guide Name

Head of the Department

For our document of the semester project to arrive at its final stage, many individuals
give us their forwarding contribution since the beginning.
Primarily, we would like to give glory to God and the Virgin Mary without which the
completion of this project would have been unthinkable.
Secondly we would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to our guide advisor
Yohannes Tesfaye who gave us the golden opportunity to give her profound guidance in
this project on the Mobile jammer, which also helped us in doing a lot of project and we
came to know about so many new things.
Finally we also give great thank to those giving suggestion about how to do cell phone
jammer design. We would like to extend our thanks to those who helped us with
different ideas and motivation which inspire us for the successful completion of this

This report presents the design, implementation of cell-phone jammer. This jammer
works at GSM 900 and GSM 1800 simultaneously.
Users of mobile communication devices have dramatically increased in the last one
decade. This proliferated the need of a more effective and secures signal scrambler for a
cultured society. Mobile jammer circuits are used to prevent mobile phones from
receiving or transmitting signals. Mobile jammer effectively disables mobile phones
within the defined range zones without causing any disturbance/interference to other
communication means. Mobile jammer can be used in any practically location, but
generally are used in places where phone calls are disruptive like Schools, Churches,
Libraries, and Hospitals etc. Similarly with other radio jamming, mobile jammer sends
the radio waves of same frequency that mobile phones uses to block the signal. This
signal causes interference with the communication between mobile phones and base
stations to make the phones unusable. When mobile jammer is activated all mobile
within the range will indicate "NO NETWORK service. Design and study of Mobile
jammer is discussed in this paper.

List of abbreviation7


1.1 Background of the study..

1.2 Statement of Problem 10

1.3 Objectives 11
1.3.1 Main objectives of study 11
1.3.2 Specific objectives of study.. 11
1.4 Significance of study 11
1.4 Methodology of study11
1.6 Theoretical frame work. 12
1.7 Scope and limitations of the study 12
2.1 Mobile country code In Ethiopia.. 14
2.2 Overviews on cell phone Jammer. 14

Base Station Center (BSC) 15

2.3.1 Main functions of Base station center.. 15


Base Station Transceiver (BTS). 15

2.5 GSM operation in Ethiopia15


3.1 Jamming Techniques 17

3.1.1 Spoofing.. 17
3.1.2 Shielding Attacks. 17
3.1.3. Denial of Service 17
3.2 Design parameters and specifications.. 18
3.2.1 The Frequency Band.. 18
3.2.2 Distance to be jammed (D).. 18
3.2.3 Free Space Loss. 18
3.2.4 Jammingto-signal ratio {J/S}19
3.3 Power calculations.. 20
3.4 Parts of jammer devices.. 20
3.5 Power supply 20
3.5.1 Rectification. 21
3.5.2 The Filter.. 21
3.5.3 Regulator.. 21
3.5.4 Amplifier.. 21
3.6 Noise generator. 22
3.7 LC Tuned Circuit. 22
3.8 Transmitting Antenna.. 23
4.1 Principle operation on modified circuit diagram.. 25
4.2 Simulation Result 26
5.1 Conclusion.27

5.2 Recommendation.. 28

List of table
Table 2.1 Mcc in Ethiopia.
Table 2.2 GSM system frequency
List of figure
Fig 3.1 LC Tuned Circuit
Fig 3.2 Block diagrams of cell phone jammer
Fig 4.1 Initial Jammer Circuit Diagram
Fig 4.2 Modified circuit diagram
Fig 4.3 jammer out put on simulation

List of abbreviation





Integrated Circuit


Direct current


Global System for Mobile Communication


Digital Cellular System


Base Station Transceiver


Signal to Noise Ratio


Anti Jamming


mobile country code


Frequency shift keying


gate way mobile switching center


Mobile network code


Base station controller


Denial of service


Time division multiple access


Mobile switching center


Mobile station


1.1 Background of the study
The technology being used by this device is very simple. The mobile phone
transmission is being blocked and interfered by Radio frequency which creates high
noise. The frequency being generated by the jamming device jams the signal being
generated by the cell tower. Mobile jammers block mobile phone use by sending out
radio waves along the same frequencies that mobile phones use. This causes enough
interference with the communication between mobile phones and communicating
towers to render the phones unusable. When the mobile jammers are turned off, all
mobile phones will automatically re-establish communications and provide full services.
And also the signal has been blocked, the mobile phone will show NO NETWORK
on the network bar, and radio devices will not be able to tune in to any signal. Thus, all
phones and radio devices in the 200m radius of the jammer will be having the same
Radio Frequency and Mobile signal jammer is an illegal device in many countries. It is
because the device is blocking the signal which has been approved by government
agency as a legal communication transmission system. In the construction of this
wireless signal jammer, the device will be able to jam GSM and Radio Frequency
signals and this can be done alternatively through a switch. A device designed to operate
within the frequency bands 870-960 MHz or 825-845 MHz and to interfere with radio
1.2 Statement of Problem
Due to an always growing demand, several solutions are currently under investigation in
order to improve the capacity of current mobile communication systems, among which
the exploitation of space diversity.
If uplink processing at the base station can be grounded on the availability of direct

information about the concerned uplink channel (by the mean of a training sequence or
blind methods), downlink processing encounters more severe difficulties: no
information about the downlink channel is available at the base station prior to data
transmission. We shall focus on that point, and proceed through several steps. First of
all, the problem statement will give us the opportunity to remind shortly how smart
antennas can handle space diversity multiplexing. Then notations will be introduced,
and models of both uplink and downlink channels will be derived, highlighting their
eventual similarities or differences, and the induced difficulties.
1.3 Objectives
1.3.1 Main objectives of study
Here our main intention is to block the signals of mobile phone using mobile phone
signal jammer for prescheduled time duration using real time clock controlled by
multism. Trimmer capacitor is used to set the time for start and stop of jammer.

1.3.2 Specific objectives of study

The objectives of the project are to design and simulate a mobile phone's jammer
that can fulfill the following requirements:
A) It is capable of jamming phones that operates on the GSM System in
B) Works at both bands GSM900 and GSM1800.
C) Low Energy Wasting.
1.4 Significance of study
Cell phones offer great conveniences to people all over the world. It arouses new
challenge on the safety of secret work. Jammers function under specific frequency and
connect to the main station through electromagnetic wave. It transmits sound and data
through intonation and baud rate. The device creates a recognizable code hindrance to

jam a cellular phone. Most jamming devices can jam only one frequency.
1.4 Methodology of study
The proposed solution is in software, in which only an authorized person can access its
cell phone in an allocated time. To provide the required solution, we need to develop
frequency domain based on altered frequency band and altering device signal below the
range of signal generated by jammer through modulation to adaptively jam the target

A noise generator is a circuit that produces electrical noise (random, non-deterministic

signal). Noise generators are used to test signals for measuring noise figure, frequency
response, and other parameters, it can also be used for the generation of random
numbers. Several noise generation methods include:

Heated resistors, Zener diodes and gas discharge tubes. This project utilizes Zener diode
noise method and also incorporates industrial noise which is sensed by Electret
microphones with high sensitivity. In
Common jammer designs, such as GSM 900 and GSM1800 Jammer.
1.6 Theoretical frame work
The control framework used in the study follows the input process output
relationship. Jamming devices are connected to the appropriate input module of the,
voltage source, LM 555CM timers and transistor while output devices are connected to
the designated output module of the oscilloscope. Input & output devices are processed
through the transistor to the desired noise signal of the output devices.
1.7 Scope and limitations of the study
Cell phones are full-duplex devices, which mean they use two separate frequencies, one
for talking and one for listening simultaneously. Some jammers block only one of the
frequencies used by cell phones, which has the effect of blocking both. The phone is
tricked into thinking there is no service because it can receive only one of the

The scopes of the Jammer:
1) It can restrict the mobile phone signal which 20-40 m up in diameter and 200
meters far from the transmitting station.
2) It only shields mobile phone signals, but has no influence on other electronic
equipments, audio equipment and human bodies.
4) It saves the electric energy. To jam a cell phone, a device that broadcasts on
the correct frequencies is needed.
Although different cellular systems process signals differently, all cellphone networks use radio signals that can be interrupted. The jammers
effect can vary widely based on factors such as proximity to towers,



setting, presence of buildings and landscape, even

temperature and humidity play a role.

This project only focuses on blocking the signal transmission of GSM900 and
GSM1800 which is the range between 935 to 960 MHz and 1805 to 1880 MHz
The second limitations of the project are, the device only can block the main operators
which are ETH-MTN. This is because, the lines are only for Ethiopian users and the
frequency band range is between 935 to 1880 MHz these requirements fulfill the
GSM900 and GSM1800 specifications.
The third limitation is that for reliability of the jammer, a Radio Frequency amplifier
should be incorporated but the components required for this are difficult to find in


Communication jamming devices were first developed and used by military. This
interest comes from the fundamental area of denying the successful transport of the
information from the sender to the receiver. Nowadays the mobile jammer devices are
becoming civilian products rather than electronic warfare devices, since with the
increasing number of the mobile phone users the need to disable mobile phones in
specific places where the ringing of cell phone would be disruptive has increased. These
places include worship places, university lecture rooms, libraries, concert halls, meeting
rooms, and other places where silence is appreciated.
2.1 Mobile country code In Ethiopia
A mobile country code (MCC) is used in combination with a mobile network code
(MNC) (also known as a "MCC / MNC tuple") to uniquely identify a mobile network
operator (carrier) using the GSM.
Table 2.1 MCC in Ethiopia









Ethio Telecom


GSM 900 / GSM

1800 /

2.2 Overviews on cell phone Jammer

This Mobile Phone Jammer is using GSM to jam the frequencies. Global System for
Mobile Communications (GSM) GSM is an acronym for Global System for Mobile
communications. It accounts for about 70% of the global mobile market. GSM uses a
variation of time division multiple access (TDMA). GSM provide for data and voice
communication throughout a wide geographic area. GSM system divided large
geographic area in Ethiopia into small radio areas (cells) that are interconnected each

other (Microwave connection). Each cell coverage area has one or several transmitter
that communicates with mobile telephone within its coverage area.
In GSM system the mobile handset is approach to mobile phone jamming system that
called Mobile station (MS). A cell is formed by the coverage area of Base Transceiver
Station (BTS) which serves the MS in its coverage area. Several BTS together are
controlled by one Base Station Controller (BSC). The BTS and BSC together form Base
Station Subsystem (BSS).The combed traffic of the mobile station in their respectively
cells is routed through a switch called Mobile Switch Center (MSC).Connection
originating or terminating from external telephone are handle by a dedicated Gateway
Mobile Switching Center (GMSC).
2.3 Base Station Center (BSC)
BSC is a high capacity switch with radio communication and mobility control
capabilities. The function of BSC is including radio channel allocation, location update,
and handover, timing advance, power control and paging.
2.3.1 Main functions of Base station center
Control the handset between its BTSs.
Switch traffic and signaling to/from the BTSs and MSC.
Manage the interconnection between BTSs MSC
2.4 Base Station Transceiver (BTS)
A BTS is radio transceivers stations that communicate with the mobile station. Its back
end to the BSC. More BTS is usually placed at the center of a cell. Its transmitting
power defines the size of a cell. Each radio has single frequency. The GSM system uses
TDMA to split a frequency into time slots.
2.5 GSM operation in Ethiopia
Table below contains the frequency bands for GSM system. To avoid the fractions

infrequency; the companies of mobile communication use the abbreviation absolute

radio frequency channel number (ARFCN) to define the uplink and downlink at the
same time.
Table 2.2 GSM system frequency
Up link

Down link






1805-1880 MHz

Cell phones are full-duplex devices, which mean they use two separate frequencies, one
for talking and one for listening simultaneously. Some jammers block only one of the
frequencies used by cellphones, which has the effect of blocking both. The phone is

tricked into thinking there is no service because it can receive only one of the
frequencies. A cell phone jammer is an instrument used to prevent cellular phones from
receiving and transmitting the mobile signals to a base station. When used, the jammer
effectively disables cellular phones in the area.
3.1 Jamming Techniques

There are several ways to jam a cell phone jamming device. The three most common
techniques can be categorized as follows:
3.1.1 Spoofing

In this kind of jamming, the device forces the mobile to turn off itself. This type is very
difficult to be implemented since the jamming device first detects any mobile phone in a
specific area, then the device sends the signal to disable the mobile phone. Some types
of this technique can detect if a nearby mobile phone is there and sends a message to tell
the user to switch the phone to the silent mode.
3.1.2 Shielding Attacks

This is known as EMF shielding. This kind requires closing an area in a Faraday cage so
that any device inside this cage cannot transmit or receive RF signal from outside of the
cage. This area can be as large as buildings.
3.1.3. Denial of Service
In this technique, the device transmits a noise signal at the same operating frequency of
the mobile phone in order to decrease the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the mobile
under its minimum value. This kind of jamming technique is the simplest one since the
device is always on. Our device is of this type. After the basic information of GSM
system, it makes sense to have information on the methods that followed to jam
communication system. In generally, the locking is successful when the jamming signal
denies communication process.

3.2 Design parameters and specifications

Based on the above, our device which is related to the DOS technique is transmitting
noise on the same frequencies of the two bands GSM 900 MHz, and GSM 1.8 GHz
(known also as DCS 1800 band). We focused on some design parameters to establish
the device specifications. These parameters are as follows:
1 the frequency bands
2 Distance to be jammed (D)
3 Jamming-to-signal ratio J/S
4. Free Space Loss
3.2.1 The Frequency Band
In our design, the jamming frequency must be the same as the downlink, because it
needs lower power to do jamming than the uplink range and there is no need to jam the
base station itself. So, our frequency design will be as follows:
GSM 900 935-960 MHz
GSM 1800 1805-1880 MHz
Therefore, our goal is to disrupt communication over downlink frequencies only
3.2.2 Distance to be jammed (D)
This parameter is very important in our design, since the amount of the output power of
the jammer depends on the area that we need to jam. Later on we will see the
relationship between the output power and the distance D. Our design is established
upon D=10 meters for GSM 1800 band and D=20 meters for GSM 900 band. As the
distance increases, the total we need to jam a mobile phone increases proportionally. As
the distance increases, the total power we need to jam a mobile phone increases


3.2.3 Free Space Loss

As our jamming signal travels through the air, it will attenuate. There are some factors
affecting the magnitude of FSL. These factors can be seen in the calculation formula of
F (dB) =32.44+20log (distance in km) +20 log (frequency in MHz) (in our calculation;
d is in km and f is in MHz). The maximum free space loss (worst case F) happens when
the maximum frequency is used in equation above. Using 1880 MHz and D=10 meters
F (dB) =32.44+20log (0.01) +20 log (1880 MHz) =58 dB
3.2.4 Jammingto-signal ratio {J/S}
Jamming is successful when the jamming signal denies the usability of the
communication transmission. In digital communications, the usability is denied when
the error rate of the transmission cannot be compensated by error correction. Usually, a
successful jamming attack requires that the jammer power is roughly equal to signal
power at the receiver (mobile device).
For GSM, the specified system SNR min is 9 dB which will be used as the worst case
for the jammer. The maximum power at the mobile device Pr is -15 dBm receivers,
Where S=mobile station signal power receiver and J= jammer power at mobile receiver.
And the
Smax = 15dBm For GSM, the specified SNR = 9 dB

This will be used as the worst case scenario of the jammer in order to have maximum
jamming power

As we have a mobile near to the base station (worst case) we can conclude that this
mobile received a high power from the base station so if we want to jam this one, we
should have a high power of jamming to overflow its received power.

In contrast, if we have a mobile further from the base station it will receive a power
much lower than the previous case and this will be best case for jamming as it does not
need high power to jam.

3.3 Power calculations

Here in this part, we want to calculate the needed power in order to jam a cell phone
with in a distance of 10 m for DCS and 20 m for GSM 900. From the above
considerations we shall calculate for the worst case.
SNR min


S max

=-15dBm in order to be sure we will have a jamming in

everywhere as:

(Jammer power at mobile receiver)>=



Jammer output power=


S max

SNR min


Therefore output power=-24 dBm+58dB= 34dBm so, this power will be needed for the
worst case for jamming the specified region
3.4 Parts of jammer devices
Jammer is the act of intentionally directing electromagnetic energy at a communication
system to disrupt or prevent signal transmission. The GSM Jammer is a device that
transmit signal on the same frequency at which the GSM system operates, the jamming
success when the mobile phones in the area where the jammer is located couldnt make
or receive call phones.
Electronically speaking, cell-phone jammers are very basic devices. The simplest just
have an on/off switch and a light that indicates it's on. More complex devices have

switches to activate jamming at different frequencies. Components of a jammer include:

3.5 Power supply
The proposed design requires a +15 Volts DC Supply. This is used to supply the other
sections with the needed voltages. Any power supply consists of the following main
3.5.1 Rectification
Rectification is the part use to convert the AC voltage to a DC one. We have two
methods for rectification. A rectified output voltage occurs during both the positive and
negative cycles of the input signal.

3.5.2 The Filter

the Filter is used to eliminate the fluctuations in the output of the full wave rectifier
eliminate the noise so that a constant DC voltage is produced. This filter is just a large
capacitor used to minimize the ripple in the output.
3.5.3 Regulator
Regulator is used to provide a desired DC-voltage. The voltage source in a circuit may
have fluctuations and would not give the fixed voltage output. The voltage regulator IC
maintains the output voltage at a constant value. Regulator Provides +15V regulated
power supply. Capacitors of suitable values can be connected at input and output pins
depending upon the respective voltage levels.
Regulator is the final part of the power supply used to provide the desired
constant DC output that is basically independent of the input voltage.
3.5.4 Amplifier
The essential role of this active element is to magnify an input signal to yield a
significantly larger output signal. The amount of magnification (the "forward
gain") is determined by the external circuit design as well as the active device.

The term power amplifier is a relative term with respect to the amount of power
delivered to the load and/or provided by the power supply circuit. In general the
power amplifier is the last 'amplifier'. Or actual circuit in a signal chains (the
output stage) and is the amplifier stage that requires attention to power
efficiency. There are four basic types of electronic amplifier: the voltage
amplifier, the current amplifier, the trans-conductance amplifier, and the transresistance amplifier. A further distinction is whether the output is a linear or
nonlinear representation of the input. Amplifiers can also be categorized by their
physical placement in the signal chain.
Voltage amplifier This is the most common type of amplifier. An input voltage is
amplified to a larger output voltage. The amplifier's input impedance is high and the
output impedance is low.
Current amplifier This amplifier changes an input current to a larger output current.
The amplifier's input impedance is low and the output impedance is high. Transconductance amplifier This amplifier responds to a changing input voltage by
delivering a related changing output current.
3.6 Noise generator

To generate noise signal, we used the Zener Diode operated in reverse mode.
Operating in the reverse mode causes what is called avalanche effect, which
causes wide band noise. This noise is then amplified and used in our system.
Produces random electronic output in a specified frequency range to jam the
cell-phone network signal

3.7 LC Tuned Circuit

In electronics an LC circuit, also called a resonant circuit tuned circuit, consists of two
electronic components connected together; an inductor, represented by the letter L, and
a capacitor, represented by the letter C. The circuit can act as an electrical resonator, an
electrical analogue of a tuning fork, storing energy oscillating at the circuit's resonant

frequency.LC circuits are used either for generating signals at a particular frequency, or
picking out a signal at a particular frequency from a more complex signal.

Fig 3.1 LC Tuned Circuit

Any practical implementation of an LC circuit will always include loss resulting from
small but non-zero resistance within the components and connecting wires. The purpose
of an LC circuit is usually to oscillate with minimal damping, if a charged capacitor is
connected across an inductor; charge will start to flow through the inductor, building up
a magnetic field around it and reducing the voltage on the capacitor. Eventually all the
charge on the capacitor will be gone and the voltage across it will reach zero. However,
the current will continue, because inductors resist changes in current.

3.8 Transmitting Antenna

A proper antenna is necessary to transmit the jamming signal. In order to have optimal
power transfer, the antenna system must be matched to the transmission system. In this
project, we used two 1/4 wavelength monopole antennas, with 50 input impedance so
that the antennas are matched to the system. We used monopole antenna since the
radiation pattern is Omni-directional.

Block diagram of cell phone jammer is as shown below:


Fig 3.2 Block diagrams of cell phone jammer

The objective of our project is to provide the ultimate solution in any area where
cellular communications frequently cause nuisance either by loud incoming call rings or
resulting loud telephone conversations.
This was the initial circuit diagram which we get from internet, its gives us 900MHZ

frequency noise signal on simulation .But as we want to build dual band cell phone
jammer because of dual bands is used in Ethiopia .So we have modified the circuit to
get dual band frequency signal. First band = 900 MHz
Second band = 1.8 GHz

Fig 4.1 Initial Jammer Circuit Diagram

Mobile jammer is a device which disturbs the communication between the mobile base
station and mobile equipment by transmitting the noise signal at the frequency, on
which both are trying to communicate with each other. Firstly, jammers were invented
to prevent the communication between

the army personnels of enemy and in time

they developed into civilian life. The technology behind

the mobile jammer is

overpowering the mobile phone signals and decreasing the SNR (Signal to
Ratio) for mobile communication.
The Modified circuit diagram is shown below



Fig 4.2 Modified circuit diagram

4.1 Principle operation on modified circuit diagram

A Cell Jammer is just way of saying Dirty Transmitter which happens to

transmit within the Cellular Phone Bands. Reality is the dirtier the better.

LM555CM Timer- The output of the LM555 timer has a frequency which is
proportional to the input voltage, thus, we can control the output frequency by

changing the input voltage.

Generates the radio signal interfere with the cell phone signal .LM555 timer 8
pin IC simply makes a noise. Its coupled through C4 [electrolytic] to modulate
the BC547BP transistor oscillator. With C1 set at roughly 1/3rd, you will be
close to 900 MHz by sweeping the C1 trimmer capacitor; we swing the output
frequency from 800 MHz to 2 GHz with the transistor and values shown. Instead
of a single Tapped Coil, we used two molded inductors for ease of construction.
Values for C1, C2, L1, and L2 are critical for the frequency range. We want to
build the unit into a metal box, add an on/off switch in the batteries + line, and
maybe even we add a LED. Connect an old 800 MHz cell phone antenna to C5
and C9 to 1.8 MHz Would you believe the whole thing can be built on top of the
555 IC itself when using surface mount components, and the lot will fit onto a
nine volt battery clip. Output is reasonably good, although the current drain is a
bit high, so a new 9 Volt battery will only run about an hour. The complete
circuit of the jammer was switched ON. The Cell Kill Distance is around 10
20 m.


4.2 Simulation Result

The result was being obtained by simulating the above circuit diagram, the final
result (output) shown below:

Fig 4.3 jammer output on simulation


5.1 Conclusion
In this project, which turned out to be a full success, we designed a device that stops
Phone ringing. This device could be used in places where ringing is not desired at
Specific times, as these ringing may disturb people in such places. The designed Device
works in dual band. It jams both the GSM 900 and GSM 1800 bands. The Device was
able to jam the two main cell phone carriers in Ethiopia.
The project could be ended up with all stages however test part could be completed
partially. Firstly, main logic and technology behind a mobile phone jammer were
determined clearly and this logic was based on a mathematical background.

We, as a group, learned more about the mobile phones structure as the jammer
Components are similar to its architecture. We also knew more about the different
frequency bands used in the mobile communication (GSM 900 and GSM1800)

The project was implemented according to the following plan:

We Use LM555CM timer IC simply make noise, its coupled through

capacitor 4 of 5uf (electrolytic) to modulate the BC547BP transistor

By sweeping the trimmer capacitor frequency set can swing the output
frequency from 800 MHz to 2GHz with the transistor and other
components values.

Instead of a single tapped coil, we have used two inductors for ease of
construction. Values for L1, L2, C2, and C1 are critical for the frequency

We hope that this project will be useful for the community where such
jamming devices are needed.


Some effects such as multipath fading which are not taken into account in approximate
calculation. After some theoretical part, design components were determined for a 900
5.2 Recommendation
According to our project result is not full success, we suggest that the student
(he/she) who want continue with this project, they should have more techniques
of jamming the signals, also in case of Integrated circuit (IC) use the one which
is capable for generating 800 MHz and above. Also use exactly components that
are in your circuit.
For all you want to develop this project you can do using micro controller,
ardinuo software implementation.


[1] www.HowStu_Work.com
[2] en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile phone jammer

[3] Ahmed Jisrawi, "GSM 900 Mobile Jammer", undergrad project, JUST, 2006.

[4] Boylestad, Rober L. & Nashelsky, Louis, Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory,

9th Ed., Prentice Hall, 2006

[5] John Scourias, Overview of the Global System for Mobile Communications,

University of Waterloo.
[6] http://www.instructables.com/id/How-To-Create-Your-Signal-Jammer

[7] Frequency planning and frequency coordination for the

gsm 900, gsm 1800, e-gsm and gsm-r land mobile systems
[8] http//:www.google.com
[9] http//:www.slideshare.com
[10] www.electronicprojects.com