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ChE 720 Dynamic Modeling and Optimization

Department of Chemical Engineering


University of Waterloo
Instructor: Dr. A. Elkamel
Office: DWE 2506
Phone: (519)888-4567 x7157
Email: aelkamel@cape.uwaterloo.ca
Office hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 11:30 a.m. 12:30 p.m. (or by appointment).
Course Website:
http://chentserver.uwaterloo.ca/courses/che720/
Schedule:
Monday from 6:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. in DWE2534
Course Objectives:
By the end of the course, the student should be able to:

Derive detailed mathematical models describing the dynamic behavior of


complex process engineering systems.
Understand the mathematical issues associated with dynamic models consisting of
mixed sets of differential (ordinary or partial) and algebraic equations.
Obtain information about the geometric nature of solutions, understand the
concept of stability, establish the existence of periodic solutions, and investigate
global stability.
Formulate and solve dynamic optimization problems.

Grading System:
Assignments: 40%
Class Project: 40%
Final Exam : 20%
There will be four or five assignments in this course. Late assignments without an
acceptable reason will be penalized.

The projects will be individual projects. The final exam will be a comprehensive oral
exam. More details will be given later in the course.
Software:
Throughout this course MATLAB will be used. You are however encouraged to use other
software packages (e.g. GAMS, gPROM, Dymola,etc.).
Textbook and Written Material:
No textbook is required for this course. A large part of the course will be drawn from
journal articles and various books. Notes/handouts will be provided as necessary.
References (on reserve in Davis Library):
1. R. Raman, Chemical Process Computation, Elsevier, 1985.
2. M. Denn, Process Modeling, Longman, New York, 1986.
3. C.A. Silebi and W.E. Schiessen, Dynamic Modeling of Transport Processes,
Academic Press, 1992.
4. D. Himmelblau and K.B. Bischoff, Process Analysis and Simulation, Wiley, 1968.
5. J. Friedly, Dynamic Behavior of Processes, Prentice-hall, 1972.
6. G.V. Reklaitis, Engineering Optimization, Wiley, 1983.
7. A. Varma, Parametric Sensitivity in Chemical Systems, Cambridge, 1999.
8. A. Sage, Optimum Systems Control, Prentice-Hall, 1977.
9. I. McCausland, Optimal Control, Wiley, 1969.
Other References:
1. K. Hangos and I. Cameron, Process Modeling and Model Analysis, Printice-Hall,
2001
2. R. Aris, Mathematical Modeling: A Chemical Engineers Perspective, PrinticeHall, 1999.
3. B.V. Babu, Process Plant Simulation, Oxford, 2004.
4. A. Varma and M. Morbidelli, Mathematical Methods in Chemical Engineering,
Oxford, 1997.
5. R. Rice and D. Do, Applied Mathematics and Modeling For Chemical Engineers,
Wiley, 1995.
6. W.F. Ramirez, Computational Methods for Process Simulation, ButterworthHeinemann, 1999.
7. R. Bellman and R. Kalaba, Dynamic Programming and Modern Control Theory,
Academic Press, 1965.

Tentative Outline:
I. Introduction
II. Modeling of Dynamic Processes
- Modeling and Simulation in Process Systems Engineering
- Model Building Framework
- Conservation Principles
- Constitutive Relations
- Model Analysis
- Solution Strategies
III. Autonomous Systems and Stability
- Autonomous Systems, Critical points, and Periodic Solutions
- Stability of Linear Systems
- Linearization and Local Stability
- Applications of Autonomous Systems
- Periodic Solutions, Limit Cycles, and Global Stability
IV. Dynamic Optimization
- Indirect Methods
- Sequential Methods
- Simultaneous Methods
V. Parameter Estimation and Parametric Sensitivity
- Sensitivity Indices
- Local and Global Sensitivity
- Model Reduction
- Applications