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# ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

TEST II
1.

## EE Board September 2002

Which of the following is the Ideal gas law (equation)?
A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

## EE Board September 1999

During adiabatic, internally reversible process, what is true about the change in entropy?
A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

It is temperature-dependent
It is always greater than zero
It is always zero
It is always less than zero

## EE Board October 1999

How does an adiabatic process compare to an isentropic process?
A.
B.
C.
D.

4.

V/T = k
V = k 1/p
P1/T1 = P2/T2
PV = n RT

adiabatic: heat transfer is not equal to zero; isentropic: heat transfer is zero.
Both: heat transfer=0 ; isentropic : reversible
adiabatic: heat transfer=0; isentropic: heat transfer is not equal to zero
Both: heat transfer is not equal to zero; isentropic: irreversible

## EE Board March 1998

Water boils when:
A.
B.
C.
D.

## its saturated vapor pressure equals to the atmospheric pressure

its vapor pressure equals 76 cm of mercury
its vapor pressure is 1 gram per sq. cm

5.

## EE Board March 1998

How many independent properties are required to completely fix the equilibrium state of a pure
gaseous compound?
A.
B.
C.
D.
6.

## EE Board March 1998

In an ideal gas mixture of constituents I and j, what is the mole fraction x, equal to?
A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

4
3
2
1

Pi/Pi + Pj
PiVi/RT
Ti/Ti + Tj
Zi/Zi + Zj

## EE Board March 1998

Which of the following is standard temperature and pressure (STP)?

A.
B.
C.
D.

## 0 degree Celsius and one atmosphere

32 degree Fahrenheit and zero pressure
0 degree Kelvin and one atmosphere
0 degree Fahrenheit and zero pressure

8.

## EE Board April 1997

For heat engine operating between two temperatures (T2 > T1), what is the maximum efficiency
attainable?
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.

## EE Board April 1997

What is the value of work done for closed, reversible isometric system?
A.
B.
C.
D.

10.

1 T1/T2
1 T2/T1
T1 T2
1 T1 2/T2

zero
positive
negative
positive or negative

## EE Board April 1997

Which of the following statements is TRUE for an ideal gas, but not for a real gas?
A.
B.
C.

PV = nRT
An increase in temperature causes an increase in the kinetic energy of the gas
The total volume of molecules on a gas is nearly the same as the volume of the gas as a

D.

whole
11.

## EE Board April 1996

The first law of thermodynamics is based on which of the following principles?
A.
B.
C.
D.

12.

## Conservation of the mass

Conservation of energy
Action and reaction
The entropy temperature relationship

## Which of the following cycle is used in vapor cycle power plant?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Brayton cycle
Diesel cycle
Ericson cycle
Rankine cycle

13.
Which ideal cycle below is based on the concept that the combustion process is both diesel and
gasoline in the
combustion of heat process that is constant pressure and constant volume?
A.

Ericson cycle

B.
C.
D.
14.

A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

Dual cycle
Brayton cycle
Rankine cycle

Pressure
Temperature
Volume
Phase

## Which of the following compressibility factor of ideal gas?

A.
1
B.
2
C.
1.5
D.
0
16.
The energy which includes all of the potential and kinetic energies of the atoms or molecules in a
substance is known as ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.

internal energy
enthalpy
entropy
total energy

17.
What refers to the thermodynamic properties which are dependent on the amount of the
substance present?
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.

Extensive properties
Intensive properties
Reversible properties
Irreversible properties

## What thermodynamic properties are independent of the amount of substance present?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Intensive properties
Extensive properties
Reversible properties
Irreversible properties

19.
What is known as the total heat and heat content at various times in the history? It also
represents the useful energy of a substance.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Enthalpy
Entropy
Internal Energy
Latent heat

20.
What is the measure of the energy that is no longer available to perform useful work within the
current
environment? It is also known as the measure of the randomness of the molecules.
A.

Entropy

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

B.
C.
D.
21.

What is the temperature when water and vapor are in equilibrium with the atmospheric pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.

22.

Ice point
Steam point
Critical point
Freezing point

What is the unique state at which solid, liquid and gaseous phases can co-exist in equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.

23.

Enthalpy
Internal Energy
Flow work

Triple point
Critical point
Boiling point
Pour point

What refers to the state at which liquid and gaseous phases are indistinguishable?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Triple point
Critical point
Boiling point
Pour point

24.
What refers to the heat needed to change the temperature of the substance without changing its
phase?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Latent heat
Sensible heat
Specific heat
Entropy

25.
What is defined as the quality of heat needed to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by
one degree
Celsuis?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Kilojoule
Btu
Kilocalorie
Latent heat

38.
In the absence of any irreversibilities, a thermoelectric generator, a device that incorporates both
thermal and electric effects, will have the efficiency of a/an __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.

Carnot cycle
Otto cycle
Diesel cycle
Rankine cycle

Which of the following best describe both Stirling and Ericson engines?

A.
B.
C.
D.

## Internal combustion engines

External combustion engines
Carnot engines
A vacuum

40.
Nozzles do not involve any work interaction. The fluid through this device experiences which of
the following?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## No change in potential energy

No change in kinetic energy
No change in enthalpy
A vacuum

41.
The convergent section of a nozzle increases the velocity of the flow of the gas. What does it has to
do on its
pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.

At steam point, the temperatures of water and its vapor at standard pressure are:
A.
B.
C.
D.

43.

## Pressure becomes constant

Pressure equals the velocity
It increases the pressure
It decreases the pressure

extremes or maximum
unity
in equilibrium
underfined

A.
B.
C.
D.

## 70% liquid and 30% vapor

70% vapor and 30% liquid
30% liquid and 100% vapor
30% vapor and 100% liquid

44.
The thermal efficiency of gas-vapor cycle is ________ the thermal efficiency of a steam turbine
or gas turbine
A.
B.
C.
D.

greater than
less than
not comparable
equal

45.
A property that indicates the natural direction of a process was first described by a German
physicist. This
property is called entropy. Who coined the word entropy?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Rudolf Clausius
Lord Kelvin
Gabriel Volks
Rudolf Diesel

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

46.

What is the temperature when water and vapor are in equilibrium with the atmospheric pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Ice point
Steam point
Critical point
Freezing point

47.
When the expansion or compresison of gas takes place without transfer of heat to ot from the
gas, the process
is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.

reversible
polytropic
isothermal

48.
What refers to a liquid whose temperature is lower than the saturation temperature
corresponding to the existing pressure?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Subcooled liquid
Saturated liquid
Pure liquid
Compressed liquid

49.
Which law that states Entropy of all perfect crystalline solids is zero at absolute zero
temperature?
A.
B.
C.
D.
50.

What should be the temperature of both water and steam whenever they are present together?
A.
B.
C.
D.

51.

## Zeroth law of thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Third law of thermodynamics

## Saturation temperature for the existing pressure

Boiling point of water at 101.325 kPa
Superheated temperature

A.
B.
C.
D.

## Enthalpy remains constant

Internal energy does not change
Some heat transfer occurs
Entropy remains constant

52.
The change that the system that undergoes from one equilibrium state to another is known as
______.
A.
B.
C.

path
process
enthalpy change

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

D.

entropy change

53.

What refers to the series of states through which a system passes during the process?

A.
B.
C.
D.

path
Quasi-static steps
Reversibility moves
Irreversibility moves

54.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## the solid and liquid phases are in equilibrium

the solid and gaseous phases are in equilibrium
the solid, liquid and gaseous are in equilibrium
the solid does not melt, the liquid does not boil and the gaseous does not condense

55.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## Heat rejected is zero

Work is done
Change on temperature is zero
Heat supplied is zero

56.
the

What system in which neither mass nor energy cross the boundaries and it is not influenced by
surroundings?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Closed system
Open system
Isolated system
All of these

57.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## two isothermal and two constant pressure processes

two isothermal and two constant volume precesses
two isothermal and two constant entropy processes
two adiabatic, one constant volume and constant pressure processes

58.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## two adiabatic and two constant volume processes

two adiabatic and two constant pressure processes
two isothermal and two constant pressure processes
two isothermal and two constant volume processes

59.
.
A.
B.
C.
D.

## What is referred to by control volume?

An isolated system
closed system
fixed region in space
reversible process only

60.

## Which of the following is used in thermal power plant?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Brayton cycle
Reversed Carnot cyclet
Rankine cycle
Otto cycle

61.

## The elongation and compression of a helical spring is an example of which process?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Irreversible process
Reversible process
Isothermal process

62.

A.
B.
C.
D.

Stirling cycle
Joule cycle
Carnot cycle
Otto cycle

63.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## two isentropic and two constant volume processes

two isentropic and two constant pressure processes
One constant pressure, one constant volume and two adiabatic processes
two isothermal, one constant volume and one constant pressure processes

64.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## two isentropic and two constant volume processes

two isentropic and two constant pressure processes
two adiabatic and two isothermal processes
two isothermal and two constant volume processes

65.
When a system deviates infinitesimally from equilibrium at every instant of its state, it is
undergoing what
process?
A.
B.
C.
D.

isobaric process
quasi-static process
isometric process
cyclic process

66.

A.
B.
C.
D.

always negative
always positive
zero
undefined

67.

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

A.
B.
C.
D.

absolute temperature
process
properties
temperature and pressure

68.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## the internal energy of a gas

the heat capacity of a substance
randomness or disorder
the change enthalpy of a system

69.
its

What system in which there is no exchange of matter with the surrounding or mass does not cross
boundaries?

A.
B.
C.
D.

open system
closed system
isolated system
nonflow system

70.
Which one of the choices below refers to a system that is completely impervious to its
surrounding or neither mass nor energy cross its boundaries?
A.
B.
C.
D.

open system
closed system
isolated system
nonflow system

71.

What refers to a system in which there is a flow of mass across its boundaries?

A.
B.
C.
D.

open system
closed system
isolated system
nonflow system

72.
When two bodies, isolated from other environment, are in thermal equilibrium with a third body,
the two are in thermal equilibrium with each other. What do you call this statement?
A.
B.
C.
D.

## zeroth law of thermodynamics

First law of thermodynamics
Second law of thermodynamics
Third law of thermodynamics

73.
At equal volume, at the same temperature and pressure conditions, the gases contain the same
number of
molecules. This refers to which of the following laws?
A.
B.
C.
D.

Boyle's law
Charle's law
Dalton's law

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

74.
In the polytropic process we have pv n = constant, if the value of n is infinitely large, the process
is called:
A.
B.
C.
D.

## constant volume process

constant pressure process
constant temperature process

75.

A.
B.
C.
D.

density
pressure
viscosity
temperature

76.

## During adiabatic process, which of the follwing is the change in entropy?

A.
B.
C.
D.

zero
greater than zero
less than zero
infinity

77.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## the system does no worl nor is work done on it

the temperature of the system remains constant
the heat of the system is changing
no heat enters or leaves the system

78.

Boiling occurs when the vapor pressure attains which of the following pressures?

A.
B.
C.
D.

## the gage pressure

the critical pressure
the ambient pressure
one standard atmosphere

79.
Which of the following systems where there is no transfer of matter across the boundary? This
system consists
a fixed amount of mass, and no mass can cross its boundary or no mass can enter
or leave the system.
A.
B.
C.
D.

closed system
open system
isolated system
all of these

80.

A.
B.
C.
D.

cycle
process
property
enthalpy

## ESAS NI JONI GOOD LUCK!

81.

In a complete heat engine cycle, which of the following is the area enclosed by the PV-diagram?

A.
B.
C.
D.

## the work done by the ingine per cycle

the heat transferred to the engine
the enthalpy of the per cycle
the volume exhaust gas per cycle

82.

A.
B.
C.
D.

gas turbine
diesel engine
carnot engine
gasoline engine

83.

## Which of the follwing engines is the most efficient?

A.
B.
C.
D.

gas turbine
diesel engine
carnot engine
gasoline engine

84.

Which of the following is the process that cannot be found in a Carnot engine cycle?

A.
B.
C.
D.

isobaric expansion
isothermal expansion

85.

In any process, the maximum amount of heat that can be converted in to mechanical energy:

A.
B.
C.
D.

## depends only on the exhaust temperature

depends on the intake and exhaust temperatures
is always 100%
depends on the involvement of kinetic and potential energy involved

86.

## Who coined the word energy?

A.
B.
C.
D.

James Joule
Thomas Young
Rodulf Diesel
Lord Kelvin

87.

An ideal heat engine can be 100% efficient only and only if its exhaust temperature is:

A.
B.
C.
D.

## same as the input temperature

greater than the input temperature
less than the input temperature
0 K temperature

88.
What is the most frequent term used in thermodynamic heat engines which indicate how well an
energy conversion or transfer process is accomplished?
ENCODED 2001 REVIEWER IN ESAS BY ROJAS

A.
B.
C.
D.

cycle
efficiency
heatting effect
reversibility

89.

A.
B.
C.
D.

## enthalpy-entropy (h-s) diagram

temperature-entropy (t-s) diagram
pressure-volume (p-v) diagram
pressure-enthalpy (p-h) diagram

90.

Which of the following laws of thermodynamics which leads to the definition of entropy?

A.
B.
C.
D.

first law
second law
third law
law of conservation of energy

91.

Which of the following is the other term used for enthalpy-entropy (h-s) diagram?

A.
B.
C.
D.

enthalpy diagram
mollier diagram
steam diagram
entropy chart

92.

Which of the following defines the work output for every heat engine?

A.
B.
C.
D.

## work output is a function of exhaust temperature only

work output is a function of intake temperature only
work output is the difference between its heat intake and heat exhaust
work output is the difference in entropy always

93.
Which of the following is the value of n ( from PV n = C ) for a perfect gas undergoing isothermal
process?
A.
B.
C.
D.

0
1
infinity
n>1

94.

## What is used for predicting the behavior of non-ideal gas?

A.
B.
C.
D.

compressibility factor
expansivity factor
emissivity factor
vann-d' whal's factor

95.
For any reversible thermodynamic process, which of the following statements is true regarding
the change in entropy?
A.

dS = dQ/T

B.
C.
D.

dS = 0
dS < 0
dS > 0

96.

A.
B.
C.
D.

irreversible
isometric
reversible
isothermal

97.

## Which of the following thermodynamic relations is not correct?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Q=U+W
Tds = dU + pdV
dH = Tds + Vdp
H = U pV

98.

Which of the following thermodynamic devices operates the reverse of the heat engine?

A.
B.
C.
D.

thermal pump
thermal evaporator
thermal condenser
thermal equilibrat

99.

## What is another term used for isometric processes?

A.
B.
C.
D.

isochoric process
iolytropic process
isothermal process
reversible process

100.

Which of the following engines was introduced by a German engineer, Nickolas Otto?

A.
B.
C.
D.

gasoline engine
diesel engine
gas turbine
thermal engine

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

D
C
B
A
C
A
A
A
A
A
B

KEY TO TEST II

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58.

D
B
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
B
B
C
B
A
D
B
A
D
A
A
C
B
C
D
A
B
A
D
C
B
A
A
B
B
A
D
D
C
B
A
D
C
C
A
D

59.
60.
61.
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64.
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97.
98.
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100.

C
C
B
B
B
A
B
C
C
C
B
C
A
A
D
A
C
A
D
C
A
C
A
D
C
A
B
B
D
B
A
B
B
C
B
A
D
C
D
A
A
A