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DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


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CIVIL

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DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


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CIVIL

7.1 COLUMN C1:

1.40 KN/m
11.00

2.45
WIND LOAD DIAGRAM
Axial load is taken from load on piles P25/P26, Page 8 of pile layout design document
i)Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load ( 776.82+column wt))
Axial load on the column due to live load
Design Axial load on Column
Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about X - axis
Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about Y- axis
Width of column
Depth of column
eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30
About X - axis
About Y - axis
eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30
About X - axis
As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension
As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension
About Y - axis
Since the condition in 39.3 of IS 456:2000 is satisfied the column is designed as short column
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

808.21 kN
436.98 kN
1830.66 kN
11.00 m
11.00 m
300.00 mm
600.00 mm
10.02
20.02
15.00
30.00

76.89 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
1.50
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column)
=
11.00 m
Effective length of column
=
16.50 m
Width of column
=
300.00 mm
Depth of column
=
600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column
=
27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
415.33
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
415.33 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
492.22 kNm
=
10.17
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
=
4.56
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456
100Asc/bD
=
1.802
Area of steel Asc
=
3243.51 mm2
Provide 8 No. T25.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

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Design of Lateral ties:


As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
iii) 300mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
Intensty of wind Pressure
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column
Wind load for metre height of wall
Total wind force acting on column
Initial Moment due to wind at bottom of column (17.43 * (2.95+11/2))
Axial load on the column due to dead load
Axial load on the column due to live load
Design Axial load on Column
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000

=
=
=

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
2.78 m
1.58 kN/m
17.43 kN
147.29 kNm
808.21 kN
436.98 kN
1494.23 kN

66.49 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column
=
Effective length of column
=
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
Pu/bD
=
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 6 No. T32.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
iii) 300mm
=
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

CIVIL

1.50
12.25 m
18.38 m
300.00 mm
600.00 mm
30.63

420.43
1.00
420.43 kNm

597.17 kNm
8.30
5.53
2.615
4706.43 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

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7.2 COLUMN C2 & C3:


Axial load is taken from load on piles P23/P24, Page 8 of pile layout design document
As the difference in axial load on columns C2 & C3 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load (1110.46+column wt)
=
1193.00 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load
=
499.38 kN
Design Axial load on Column
=
2469.21 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
103.71 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4)
=
11.00 m
Effective length of column
=
16.50 m
Width of column
=
400.00 mm
Depth of column
=
600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column
=
27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
560.20
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
560.20 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
663.91 kNm
=
10.29
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
=
4.61
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
1.839
Area of steel Asc
=
4413.60 mm2
Provide 8 No. T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
240.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
400.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
256.00 mm
iii) 300mm
=
300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 250 mm C/C.

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ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:


Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
=
Intensty of wind Pressure
=
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column
=
Wind load for metre height of wall
=
Total wind force acting on column
=
Initial Moment at bottom of column (33.07 * (2.95+11/2))
=
Axial load on the column due to dead load
=
Axial load on the column due to live load
=
Design Axial load on Column
=
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4 to top of column)
=
Effective length of column
=
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
=
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 10 -T32
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
iii) 300mm
=
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

7.3 COLUMN C4 & C8:

CIVIL

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
5.28 m
3.01 kN/m
33.07 kN
279.48 kNm
1193.00 kN
499.38 kN
2030.86 kN
85.30 kNm

1.50
11.00 m
16.50 m
400.00 mm
600.00 mm
27.50

460.75
1.00
460.75 kNm

796.12 kNm
8.46
5.53
2.616
6278.96 mm2

240.00 mm2

400.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

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CIVIL

vertical loads are directly transfering to pile caps.


Column C4/C8 can be designed as a beam for wind loads.
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
Intensty of wind Pressure
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column(1.50/2 + 2.90/2)
Wind load for metre height of wall
Total wind force acting on column
Moment at bottom of column (13.79 * (2.45+11/2))

=
=
=
=
=
=

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
2.20 m
1.25 kN/m
13.79 kN
109.66 kNm

1.25 KN/m
11.00

2.45

DESIGN FOR BENDING:


Factored Bending Moment
Total Depth of C4/C8
Width of C4/C8
Clear cover to main reinforcement
Diameter of reinforcement bar
Effective depth
Mu/bd
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
% Steel
Area of steel
Provide 3 No. T20 (on each face of C4/C8)
DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES:
Maximum Shear force due to wind
Design Shear force
Design shear stress
Concrete shear stress (From table 3.8 of BS-8110 part-1 for % steel of 0.38 & grade of conrete M35) vc
Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,
Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(3.4.5.5 of BS 8110 Part-1)
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 12 times diameter of longitudinal bar(3.12.7.1 of BS 8110 Prt-1)
Provide T8 - stirrups at 175 c/c.
SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT:
Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 3.12.11.2.6 of BS 8110 Part-1)
The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per
clause No. 3.12.5.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 is
Provide 2 -T16 on each face

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

153.53 KNm
700.00 mm
300.00 mm
50.00 mm
20.00 mm
640.00 mm
1.25 N/mm2

=
=

0.369
708.10 mm2

=
=
=
=

13.79 kN
19.31 kN
0.10 N/mm2
0.45 N/mm2

=
=

480.00 mm
192.00 mm

200.00 mm

11.42 mm

7.4 COLUMN C5 & C6:


Axial load is taken from load establishment on piles P30/P41, Page 31 of Part-1 of this document.
As the difference in axial load on columns C5 & C6 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load (From Page 8 of Part-1 pile layout design document, 925.26+col =
967.11 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load
=
675.14 kN
Design Axial load on Column
=
2434.18 kN

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Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))


as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of wall W3/W4 to top of column )
=
Effective length of column
=
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a
biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
=
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 8 - T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
iii) 300mm
=
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
=
Intensty of wind Pressure
=
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column
=
Wind load for metre height of wall
=
Total wind force acting on column
=
Initial Moment at bottom of column (22.27 * (2.45+11/2))
=
Axial load on the column due to dead load
=
Axial load on the column due to live load
=
Design Axial load on Column
=
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

CIVIL

110.35 kNm

1.50
11.00 m
16.50 m
300.00 mm
700.00 mm
23.57

473.36
1.00
473.36 kNm

583.71 kNm
11.59
3.97
1.449
3042.42 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
4.35 m
2.48 kN/m
27.27 kN
216.83 kNm
967.11 kN
675.14 kN
1970.70 kN
94.27 kNm

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restrained against roatation but not held in position


Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column
=
Effective length of column
=
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a
biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
Pu/bD
=
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 6 No. T32 + 4 - T16
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
iii) 300mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

CIVIL

1.50
12.25 m
18.38 m
300.00 mm
700.00 mm
26.25

475.28
1.00
475.28 kNm

735.48 kNm
9.38
5.00
2.163
4542.91 mm2

180.00 mm2

=
=
=

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

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DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022

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CIVIL

7.5 COLUMN C7 :
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load
=
Axial load on the column due to live load
=
Design Axial load on Column
=
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column
=
Effective length of column
=
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
Pu/bD
=
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 6 No. T16.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
iii) 300mm
=
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

375.04 kN
186.94 kN
824.16 kN
41.40 kNm

1.50
13.45 m
20.18 m
300.00 mm
700.00 mm
28.82

239.61
1.00
239.61 kNm

281.01 kNm
3.92
1.91
0.587
1232.53 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:


Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
Intensty of wind Pressure
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column
Wind load for metre height of wall
Total wind force acting on column
Initial Moment at bottom of column (17.24 * (2.45+11/2))
Axial load on the column due to dead load

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
2.75 m
1.57 kN/m
17.24 kN
137.08 kNm
375.04 kN

InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT

Rev

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD

Designed by

Checked by

Date

Page

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Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022

Dept

Axial load on the column due to live load


=
Design Axial load on Column
=
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
=
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column
=
Effective length of column
=
Providing 300x600 mm column
Width of column
=
Depth of column
=
Slenderness ratio for column
=
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
=
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
=
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
=
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis
=
Pu/bD
=
Mu/bd
=
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
=
Area of steel Asc
=
Provide 6 No. T20.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
=
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
=
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
=
iii) 300mm
=
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

CIVIL

186.94 kN
674.38 kN
33.88 kNm

1.50
13.45 m
20.18 m
300.00 mm
700.00 mm
28.82

196.07
1.00
196.07 kNm

360.56 kNm
3.21
2.45
0.781
1639.93 mm2

180.00 mm2

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

7.6 COLUMN C9 :
i)Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load(908.54+0.3*0.3*12.3*25)
Axial load on the column due to live load(No live load as column is starting from +4.00 m.level)
Design Axial load on Column
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase 3.8.2.4 of BS 8110 Part-1
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB3 to top of column)
Effective length of column

10

=
=
=

936.22 kN
413.14 kN
1971.73 kN

82.81 kNm

=
=

1.50
11.00 m
16.50 m

InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT

Rev

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD

Designed by

Checked by

Date

Page

of

Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022

Dept

Width of column
Depth of column
Slenderness ratio for column
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
Design Moment about major axis
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
Area of steel Asc
Provide 10-T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
iii) 300mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
Intensty of wind Pressure
Maximum width of column contributing wind load to column
Wind load for metre height of wall
Total wind force acting on column
Initial Moment at bottom of column
Axial load on the column due to dead load
Axial load on the column due to live load
Design Axial load on Column
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is,
Actual length of the column
Effective length of column
Providing 300x600 mm column
Width of column
Depth of column
Slenderness ratio for column

=
=
=

300.00 mm
600.00 mm
27.50

=
=
=
=
=
=

447.34
1.00
447.34 kNm
530.15 kNm
10.95
4.91

=
=

2.075
3734.98 mm2

180.00 mm2

=
=
=

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

11

CIVIL

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

11.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
2.78 m
1.58 kN/m
17.43 kN
118.53 kNm
936.22 kN
413.14 kN
1619.23 kN

68.01 kNm

=
=

1.50
11.00 m
16.50 m

=
=
=

300.00 mm
600.00 mm
27.50

InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT

Rev

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD

Designed by

Checked by

Date

Page

of

Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022

Dept

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:


As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness
= Max
Design Moment about major axis
Pu/bD
Mu/bd
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD
Area of steel Asc
Provide 6 No. T32.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall)
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied
iii) 300mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

CIVIL

=
=
=
=
=
=

367.36
1.00
367.36 kNm
509.60 kNm
9.00
4.72

=
=

1.919
3453.38 mm2

180.00 mm2

=
=
=

300.00 mm
256.00 mm
300.00 mm

7.7 COLUMN C10


This Column is starting from top of FRW2 i.e., +4.00 m level.
Vertical loads from FRW1, and base slabs will not transfer to clumn as these are directly resting on pile cap.
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting
Intensty of wind Pressure
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column (5.5+6.4)/2)
Wind load for metre height of wall
Total wind force acting on column
Moment at bottom of column (37.31 * (7/2))

=
=
=
=
=
=

7.00 m
0.57 kN/sqm
5.95 m
3.39 kN/m
23.74 kN
83.09 kNm

3.39 KN/m
7.00

DESIGN FOR BENDING:


Factored Bending Moment
Total Depth of C10
Width of C10
Clear cover to main reinforcement
Diameter of reinforcement bar
Effective depth
Mu/bd
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

12

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

116.33 KNm
600.00 mm
300.00 mm
50.00 mm
20.00 mm
540.00 mm
1.33 N/mm2

InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT

Rev

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD

Designed by

Checked by

Date

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of

Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS


DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022

Dept

% Steel
Area of steel
Provide 3 No. T16 (on each face)

=
=

DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES:


Maximum Shear force due to wind
Design Shear force
Design shear stress
Concrete shear stress (From Table 19 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.394 & grade of conrete M25) vc
Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,
Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:
As per min. shear clause 26.5.1.6
Asv/bSv >= 0.4/0.87*fy
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000)
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 300mm(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000)
As per 16 times diameter of longitudinal bar(26.5.3.2.c.1 of IS IS 456:2000)
Provide T8 - stirrups at 200 c/c.

=
=
=
=

=
=
=
=

SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT:


Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 26.5.1.3 of IS 456:2000) shall not exceed
The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per
clause No. 26.5.3.1.d of IS 456:2000 is
=
Provide 2 -T16 on each face

13

CIVIL

0.394
638.76 mm2

23.74 kN
33.24 kN
0.21 N/mm2
0.44 N/mm2

302.32 mm
405.00 mm
300.00 mm
256.00 mm

300.00 mm
12.00 mm

Infomile Solutions
PROJECT

Rev

Designed

Checked

Approved

Page of

DOC TITLE:

XX

XXX

XXX

DOC. NO:
Grade of concrete Fck

Department

25
415
40

Grade of steel Fy
Clear Cover C

DESIGN OF COLUMNS (UNBRACED)


Member information
Column
C1

b
mm
400

Reinforcemen

End

ef.

lox

lex

Loads from analysis Initial Moments


lex/D

mm Diamin Diamax Cond.


m
m
600
16
32
5 ### 5.00 ### ###

loy

ley

ley/b

Pu

Mux

Mix

Muy

Miy

kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m


m
m
4.5 ### ### ### ### 450.0 200.0 450.0

Slenderness Moments
k

Max

###

kMax

###

May
###

Total moments
k May
###

Mx
kNm
###

Equivalent
Uniaxial Moment
Mx' or My'

My
kNm Pu/bDfcu
###
0.08

ley/b=Slenderness Ratio about Y Axis

X- Major Axis

k=Multiplication factor as per CL.39Mx=Ultimate design moment about X axis

D=Depth of column

My
Pu=Axial Load
Mux=Moment due to Design ultimate loads about X Axis

Y-Minor Axis

Max=Slenderness Moment about X axis


My=Ultimate design moment about Y axis
kMax=Deflection of column about X Asc=Area
axis
of steel

Mx'/bd2
% steel Asc
or
My'/Db2
mm2

kNm
kN/mm2

###
#VALUE!
2.08 #VALUE!

b=Breadth of column

ef= Effective length Factor


lox= Clear height between end restraintsMabout
uy=Moment
X Axis due to Design ultimate loads about Y Axis
=Initial moment due to min.eccen.about X Axis
lex=Effective length of the column aboutMi
X xAxis

Reinforcement
Pu/bd

May=Slenderness Moment Y minor axis


Sv=Spacing of ties
kMay=Deflection of column about Y axis
M=Total moment

Miy=Initial moment due to min.eccen.about YMx


=Min.
loy= Clear height between end restraintsDia
about
YaxisDiameter
min
=Max. Diameter
ley=Effective length of the column aboutDia
Yaxis
X
max
lex/D=Slenderness Ratio about X Axis

Maddx=Moment about X axis due to Mx'=Effective


Slenderness uniaxial design ultimate moment about X axis
h

Maddy=Moment about Y axis due to Slenderness


My'=Effective uniaxial design ultimate moment about y axis
d= effective depth of section

1.80

4320

Lateral Ties
Sv

Dia
8

256