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Image compression and encryption

scheme using fractal dictionary and


Julia set
An efficient and secure environment is necessary for data transmission and storage,
especially for large-column multimedia data. In this study, a novel compression-encryption
scheme is presented using a fractal dictionary and Julia set. For the compression in this
scheme, fractal dictionary encoding not only reduces time consumption, but also gives good
quality image reconstruction. For the encryption in the scheme, the key has large key space
and high sensitivity, even to tiny perturbation. Besides, the stream cipher encryption and the
diffusion process adopted in this study help spread perturbation in the plaintext, achieving
high plain sensitivity and giving an effective resistance to chosen-plaintext attacks.

Filtering of mixed Gaussian and impulsive


noise using morphological contrast
detectors
Several morphological transformations to detect noise are introduced. The initial method is
a modification of a procedure presented previously in the current literature. The proposals
given in the study allow to detect noise in two ways: (i) using a contrast measure and (ii)
applying different proximity criteria into several proposed toggle mappings. In the end, two
of the proposals given in this study yield a better performance with respect to methods in
which this research is based. However, although the methodology to identify noise works
adequately, the results are limited due to the use of the structuring element. In Section 4, an
image with two types of noise is cleaned. Such image is contaminated with zero mean
Gaussian noise with 0.01 variance and 5% of salt and pepper noise. From this experiment,
the proposal giving the best performance is selected; subsequently, this is compared with
other recent operators as PDEs, wavelets, morphological connected rank max opening and
amoebas.

Internet of Things for Smart Cities


The Internet of Things (IoT) shall be able to incorporate transparently and seamlessly a
large number of different and heterogeneous end systems, while providing open access to
selected subsets of data for the development of a plethora of digital services. Building a
general architecture for the IoT is hence a very complex task, mainly because of the

extremely large variety of devices, link layer technologies, and services that may be
involved in such a system. In this paper, we focus specifically to an urban IoT system that,
while still being quite a broad category, are characterized by their specific application
domain. Urban IoTs, in fact, are designed to support the Smart City vision, which aims at
exploiting the most advanced communication technologies to support added-value services
for the administration of the city and for the citizens. This paper hence provides a
comprehensive survey of the enabling technologies, protocols, and architecture for an
urban IoT. Furthermore, the paper will present and discuss the technical solutions and bestpractice guidelines adopted in the Padova Smart City project, a proof-of-concept
deployment of an IoT island in the city of Padova, Italy, performed in collaboration with the
city municipality.

Information Security in Big Data: Privacy


and Data Mining
The growing popularity and development of data mining technologies bring serious threat to
the security of individual,'s sensitive information. An emerging research topic in data mining,
known as privacy-preserving data mining (PPDM), has been extensively studied in recent
years. The basic idea of PPDM is to modify the data in such a way so as to perform data
mining algorithms effectively without compromising the security of sensitive information
contained in the data. Current studies of PPDM mainly focus on how to reduce the privacy
risk brought by data mining operations, while in fact, unwanted disclosure of sensitive
information may also happen in the process of data collecting, data publishing, and
information (i.e., the data mining results) delivering. In this paper, we view the privacy
issues related to data mining from a wider perspective and investigate various approaches
that can help to protect sensitive information. In particular, we identify four different types of
users involved in data mining applications, namely, data provider, data collector, data miner,
and decision maker. For each type of user, we discuss his privacy concerns and the
methods that can be adopted to protect sensitive information. We briefly introduce the
basics of related research topics, review state-of-the-art approaches, and present some
preliminary thoughts on future research directions. Besides exploring the privacy-preserving
approaches for each type of user, we also review the game theoretical approaches, which
are proposed for analyzing the interactions among different users in a data mining scenario,
each of whom has his own valuation on the sensitive information. By differentiating the
responsibilities of different users with respect to security of sensitive information, we would
like to provide some useful insights into the study of PPDM.