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➢ I7 Processor – An Introduction

➢ About Processor

➢ Types Of Processors

➢ Intel Core I7 Processors Features

➢ Types Of Platforms

➢ Operation Of Processor

➢ Design And Implementation

➢ Performance Of Processor

➢ Ram Vs Processor

➢ I5 Processor Vs I7 Processor

➢ Conclusive Report

➢ Works Cited
The Intel i7 Processor


Product Overview:

The Intel Core i7 Processor is a revolution in multi-core performance. With

faster, intelligent micro architecture that applies processing por dynamically
when needed most, the new Intel Core i7 processors deliver an incredible
breakthrough in PC performance. Whether you’re casually checking e-mail and
surfing the b or multitasking compute-intensive applications such as HD video
encoding, you will experience maximum PC performance. They’re the best
desktop processors on the planet. With faster, intelligent, multi-core technology
that applies processing por where it's needed most, new Intel Core i7 processors
deliver an incredible breakthrough in PC performance. They are the best
desktop processor family on the planet.

You'll multi-task applications faster and unleash incredible digital media

creation. And you'll experience maximum performance for everything you do,
thanks to the combination of Intel Turbo Boost technology and Intel Hyper-
Threading technology (Intel HT technology), which maximizes performance to
match your workload.

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The Intel i7 Processor

Intel Core i7 is Intel's brand name for several families of desktop and laptop 64-
bit x86-64 processors using the Intel Nehalem micro architecture. It is a
successor to the Intel Core 2 brand. The Core i7 identifier was first applied to
the initial family of processors codenamed Bloomfield introduced in 2008. In
2009 the name was applied to Lynnfield and Clarkefield models. Prior to 2010,
all models re quad-core processors. In 2010, the name was applied to dual-core
Arran dale models, and the Gulf town Core i7-980X Extreme processor which
has six hyper threaded cores.

Launch of i7 Processor:
Intel representatives state that
Core i7 is meant to help
consumers decide which
processor to purchase as the
ner Nehalem-based products
are released in the future. The
name continues the use of the Intel Core brand. Core i7, first assembled in Costa
Rica, was officially launched on November 17, 2008[11] and is manufactured in
Arizona, New Mexico and Oregon, though the Oregon (PTD, Fab D1D) plant
has already moved to the next generation 32 nm process.

Product information:
• 3.06 GHz, 2.93 GHz, and 2.66 GHz core speed

• 8 processing threads with Intel HT technology

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• 8 MB of Intel Smart Cache

• 3 Channels of DDR3 1066 MHz memory

Intel officially unveiled all details regarding its Core i3, Core i5 and Core i7
Mobile as ll as Desktop processors in CES 2010. The introduction of new chips
coincides with the arrival of Intel’s new 32 nm architecture, manufacturing
process and integration high-definition graphics inside the processor. It is the
successor of the 45 nm architecture.

Intel is expecting good results from better-integrated graphics of the Core i3 and
i5 processors, as the sales in the last two years re rather flat. The new “Arran
dale” graphics technology has 20% more shades which is an important
component for 3D graphics, Intel senior vice president Sean Maloney said. Intel
claims that the graphics performance is roughly 70% better than the integrated
graphics in the current Core 2 Duo.


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The Central Processing Unit (CPU) or the processor is the portion of a computer
system that carries out the instructions of a computer program, and is the
primary element carrying out the computer's functions. This term has been in
use in the computer industry at least since the early 1960s. The form, design and
implementation ofCPUs have changed dramatically since the earliest examples,
but their fundamental operation remains much the same.

✔ TheCPU (Processor) is the brain of every computer. Every calculation

and process made by a computer is executed by theCPU.

✔ The processor performs calculations by using bits (definition of bit),

which can have a value of 1 or 0.

✔ The most common processor is a 32-bit, but 64-bit processors are

becoming more popular in ner computers.

✔ Moore's Law from 1965 predicts that processing por should double every
18 months, but was revised in 1975 to every 2 years. This prediction was
made on the basis that the circuitry, resistors, and other processor parts
are being made smaller and smaller.

✔ Currently, an average CPU can have processing speeds from about 2.0
GHz to 3.4 GHz, with the manufacturers fast approaching the 4.0 GHz

Early CPUs re custom-designed as a part of a larger, sometimes one-of-

a-kind, and computer. Hover, this costly method of designing custom CPUs for
a particular application has largely given way to the development of mass-
produced processors that are made for one or many purposes. This

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The Intel i7 Processor

standardization trend generally began in the era of discrete transistor

mainframes and minicomputers and has rapidly accelerated with the
popularization of the integrated circuit (IC).

The design complexity of CPUs increased as various technologies

facilitated building smaller and more reliable electronic devices. The first such
improvement came with the advent of the transistor. Transistorized CPUs
during the 1950s and 1960s no longer had to be built out of bulky, unreliable,
and fragile switching elements like vacuum tubes and electrical relays.

A method of manufacturing many transistors in a compact space gained

popularity. The integrated circuit (IC) allowed a large number of transistors to
be manufactured on a single semiconductor-based die, or "chip." At first only
very basic non-specialized digital circuits such as NOR gates re miniaturized
into ICs. CPUs based upon these "building block" ICs are generally referred to
as "small-scale integration" (SSI) devices.


Reduce costs and increase productivity with the new 2010 Intel Core processor
family. Delivering intelligent performance and energy efficiency, processors
from Intel offer the best choice for smart, safe, and reliable computing in the
office, at home, and on-the-go. Integrating advanced hardware-based
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The Intel i7 Processor

technologies built-in, the Intel Core processor family has Intel Turbo Boost
Technology and Intel Hyper-Threading Technology (Intel HT Technology) to
bring even greater performance and productivity by automatically adapting to
each user's unique needs.

1) Desktop processors:

• Intel Core i7 processor Extreme Edition

• Intel Core i7 processor

• Intel Core i5 processor

• Intel Core i3 processor

• Intel Core i7 vPro processor

• Intel Core i5 vPro processor

• Intel Pentium processor

1) Server and workstation processors:

• Intel server processors

• Intel workstation processors

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1) Internet device processors:

• Intel Atom processor

1) Laptop processors:

• Intel Core i7 mobile processor Extreme Edition

• Intel Core i7 mobile processor

• Intel Core i5 mobile processor

• Intel Core i3 mobile processor

• Intel Core i7 vPro processor

• Intel Core i5 vPro processor

• Intel Celeron processor

1) Embedded and communications processors:

• Intel Architecture Processors

• Intel Network Infrastructure Processors

• Intel I/O processors

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The Intel i7 Processor


➢ Quad-Core Processing: Provides four independent execution cores

in one processor package. Four dedicated processing cores help
operating systems and applications deliver additional performance, so
end users can experience better multitasking and multithreaded
performance across many types of applications and workloads.

➢ Intel Hyper-Threading: Delivers two processing threads per

physical core for a total of eight threads for massive computational
throughput. With Intel Hyper-Threading Technology, highly threaded
applications can get more work done in parallel, completing tasks
sooner. With more threads available to the operating system,
multitasking becomes even easier. This amazing processor can handle
multiple applications working simultaneously, allowing you to do more
with less wait time.

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The Intel i7 Processor

➢ Intel Turbo Boost Technology: Dynamically increases the

processor’s frequency as needed by taking advantage of thermal and por
headroom when operating below specified limits. Get more performance
automatically, when you need it the most.

➢ 8 MB Intel Smart Cache: This large last-level cache enables

dynamic and efficient allocation of shared cache to all four cores to
match the needs of various applications for ultra-efficient data storage
and manipulation.

➢ Intel Quick Path Interconnect: Intel’s latest system interconnect

design increases bandwidth and lors latency, while achieving data
transfer speeds as high as 25.6 GB/s.

➢ Enabling Execute Disable Bit functionality: It requires a PC

with a processor with Execute Disable Bit capability and a supporting
operating system. Check with your PC manufacturer on whether your
system delivers Execute Disable Bit functionality.

➢ Integrated Memory Controller: An integrated memory controller

with three channels of DDR3 1066 MHz offers memory performance up

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to 25.6 GB/s. Combined with the processor’s efficient perfecting

algorithms, this memory controller’s lor latency and higher memory
bandwidth delivers amazing performance for data-intensive applications.

➢ Intel HD Boost: Includes the full SSE4 instruction set, significantly

improving a broad range of multimedia and compute intensive
applications. The 128-bit SSE instructions are issued at a throughput rate
of one per clock cycle allowing a new level of processing efficiency with
SSE4-optimized applications.

➢ Digital Thermal Sensor (DTS): Provides for more efficient

processor and platform thermal control improving system acoustics. The
DTS continuously measures the temperature at each processing core. The
ability to continuously measure and detect variations in processor
temperature enables system fans to spin only as fast as needed to cool the
system. The combination of these technologies can result in significantly
lor noise emissions from the PC.

➢ Intel Wide Dynamic Execution: Improves execution speed and

efficiency, delivering more instructions per clock cycle. Each core can
complete up to four full instructions simultaneously.

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➢ Intel Smart Memory Access: Improves system performance by

optimizing the use of the available data bandwidth from the memory
subsystem and reducing the effective latency of memory accesses.

➢ A Smarter Way to Work and Play: Whether you’re casually

checking e-mail and surfing the b or multitasking compute-intensive
applications such as HD video encoding, you want a processor that
enables maximum PC performance. With the Intel Core i7 processor,
you’ll get just that. An unprecedented four-core, eight-thread design with
Intel Hyper-Threading Technology3 ensures incredible performance, no
matter what your computing needs. And with more than double the
memory bandwidth for faster memory access4, you’ll achieve more
while waiting less.

➢ Shatter Your Limits: It’s time for digital content creation that’s
limited only by your imagination. Experience total creative freedom with
the poor to encode video up to 40% faster.5 and enjoy incredible
performance on other multimedia tasks like image rendering, photo
retouching, and editing.

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The Intel i7 Processor


Mobile Platform:

Just three months after their Developer Forum 2009 in September, Intel has
introduced new dual-core 2.66GHz Intel Core i7-620M processor with TDP
rating of 35W. Four other dual-core Intel Core i7 chips re introduced of which
two are for low-voltage family (2.0GHz Core i7-620LM and 2.13GHz Core i7-
640LM) and other two are for ultra-low voltage family (1.06GHz Core i7-
620UM and 1.2GHz Core i7-640UM).

Both pairs of low-voltage and ultra-low voltage processors will offer Intel
Turbo Boost Technology to increase the performance. The low-voltage Intel
Core i7 mobile chips have TDP rating of 25W while the ultra-low Core i7 chips
have TDP rating of 18W.

Two new Intel Core i3 and three new Core i5 mobile processors re also unveiled
at the same time. Out of these the new Core i3 processors are clocked beten
2.13GHz for Core i3-330M and 2.26GHz for Core i3-350M. Both processors
have Thermal Design Poor rating of 35W. These Core i3 are mostly made for
light-light notebooks but won’t offer Intel Turbo Boost Technology to increase
the CPU clock speed for higher performance.

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Desktop Platform:
For the desktop segment, the “Clarkdale” processors include two Core i3 and
four Core i5 processors. The two dual-core Core i3 processors include 2.93GHz
Core i3-530 and 3.06GHz Core i3-540 processor. These processors won’t have
Intel Turbo Boost Technology support but can support Intel Virtualization
Technology. These Core i3 chips will have TDP rating of 73W.

Moving ahead, the four dual-core Core i5 chips include 3.2GHz Core i5-650,
3.33GHz Core i5-660, 3.33GHz Core i5-661 and 3.46GHz Core i5-670
microprocessors. These Core i5 chips will feature Intel Turbo Boost technology,
Intel Virtualization Technology and will have TDP of 73W while Core i5 will
have TDP of 83W.

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The Intel i7 Processor


What's Inside a CPU?

Control Unit (CU) controls the sequence of instructions to be executed and it

also manages the flow of data to and from other parts of the computer for
instance the internal parts, like memory, or the external parts like a hard drive. It
interprets instructions and it regulates the timing of the processor.

Arithmetic and Logic Unit (ALU) are two units that perform different
operations, but in similar operations. The Arithmetic unit processes the data for
math purposes or for additional processing like combination or deletion or
interruption processes. That is done with the logic unit.

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The Intel i7 Processor

Registers are special memory elements used by the CPU for storing data
temporarily during execution of instruction. For instance, the Instruction
Register (IR) holds the instruction being executed. Meanwhile the Process
Status Register holds "processor bit" about operations done by ALU. These
registers are pseudo memory modules; useful because they don't have to leave
the CPU so they are in the same "room" when the ALU or Control unit needs
them again.

The Program Counter (PC) holds the address of next instruction to be

executed. While the Instruction Decoder is a device which interprets the
instruction to be executed. Accumulator (ACC) stores intermediate and final
results of calculation. It's the main working area of ALU.

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The fundamental operation of most CPUs, regardless of the physical form they
take, is to execute a sequence of stored instructions called a program. The
program is represented by a series of numbers that are kept in some kind of
computer memory. There are four steps that nearly all CPUs use in their
operation: fetch, decode, execute, and write back.

1) Fetch: It involves retrieving an instruction (which is represented by a

number or sequence of numbers) from program memory. The location in
program memory is determined by a program counter (PC), which stores a
number that identifies the current position in the program. In other words, the
program counter keeps track of the CPU's place in the current program. After an
instruction is fetched, the PC is incremented by the length of the instruction
word in terms of memory units.

2) Decode: The instruction that the CPU fetches from memory is used to
determine what the CPU is to do. In the decode step, the instruction is broken
up into parts that have significance to other portions of the CPU. The way in
which the numerical instruction value is interpreted is defined by the CPU's
instruction set architecture (ISA). In older designs the portions of the CPU
responsible for instruction decoding re unchangeable hardware devices.

3) Execute: During this step, various portions of the CPU are connected so
they can perform the desired operation. If, for instance, an addition operation
was requested, an arithmetic logic unit (ALU) will be connected to a set of
inputs and a set of outputs. The inputs provide the numbers to be added, and the

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outputs will contain the final sum. The ALU contains the circuitry to perform
simple arithmetic and logical operations on the inputs.

4) Write back: Simply "writes back" the results of the execute step to some
form of memory. Very often the results are written to some internal CPU
register for quick access by subsequent instructions. In other cases results may
be written to slot, but cheaper and larger, main memory. Some types of
instructions manipulate the program counter rather than directly produce result
data. These are generally called "jumps" and facilitate behaviours like loops,
conditional program execution (through the use of a conditional jump), and
functions in programs. Many instructions will also change the state of digits in a
"flags" register.

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The way a CPU represents numbers is a design choice

that affects the most basic ways in which the device functions.
Some early digital computers used an electrical model of the
common decimal (base ten) numeral system to represent
numbers internally. A few other computers have used more
exotic numeral systems like ternary (base three).

Nearly all modern CPUs represent numbers in binary

form; with each digit being represented by some two-valued
physical quantity such as a "high" or "low" voltage related to
number representation is the size and precision of numbers
that a CPU can represent. In the case of a binary CPU, a bit
refers to one significant place in the numbers a CPU deals with.
The number of bits (or numeral places) a CPU uses to represent
numbers is often called "word size", "bit width", "data path
width", or "integer precision" when dealing with strictly integer
numbers (as opposed to floating point). This number differs
beten architectures, and often within different parts of the very
same CPU.

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--The performance or speed of a processor depends on e.g. the clock rate and
the Instructions per Clock (IPC), which together are the factors for the
Instructions Per Second (IPS) that the CPU can perform.

-- Many reported IPS values have represented "peak" execution rates on

artificial instruction sequences with few branches, whereas realistic workloads
consist of a mix of instructions and applications, some of which take longer to
execute than others.

--The performance of the memory hierarchy also greatly affects processor

performance, an issue barely considered in MIPS calculations.

--Because of these problems, various standardized tests such as secant have

been developed to attempt to measure the real effective performance in
commonly used applications.

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--Processing performance of computers is increased by using multi-core

processors, which essentially is plugging two or more individual processors
(called cores in this sense) into one integrated circuit.

-- Ideally, a dual core processor would be nearly twice as porful as a single core
processor. In practice, hover, the performance gain is far less, only about fifty
percent, due to, e.g. imperfect software algorithms and implementation.


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Often, the first thing which comes to our mind when thinking of upgrading
our computer are either adding more memory modules (RAM) or going for a
faster processor (CPU).

 The main reason is that these two components form the very basic core of a
machine, allowing it to store program instructions (gathered from your hard
drive) and subsequently access and process these via the CPU.

When considering an upgrade both components are important. Of course it

isn’t always possible to upgrade both RAM and the CPU at the same time, the
latter obviously being the most costly.

 Adding more RAM to system doesn’t hurt and, if the system requires, will
certainly notice an improvement.

It isn’t recommended that upgrade one component if all the rest is terribly
outdated compared. Won’t notice any improvements and old technology won’t
be able to make use of improved.

Random Access Memory (RAM)

As briefly stated in the previous paragraphs, RAM is the area of your computer
which stores information required by your operating system, games,
video/audio and other programs. This information typically needs to be

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accessed quickly and it is possible, thanks to a processing unit (i.e. your CPU or
one present on a graphics card for instance), for any of this information to be
gathered at any one time: hence the word “Random” in the acronym. RAM is
also volatile, which means it will be flushed each time you turn your computer

This is where random access differs from serial access, where one needs to
search through from the very beginning in order to access the required
information. Magnetic tape is an example of serial access.

It is important to point out that RAM cannot process information but can only
serve as storage. Upgrading your computer with more or larger storage RAM
modules will not add more system resources for processing information or
allow you to run more than one processor intensive application (as in the case of
hyper-threading or a multi-core CPU).

Central Processing Unit

The CPU is the brain of your machine which gathers information, via the
control unit, from your installed memory modules, and processes instructions,
via the logic unit, in order to run your programs. The CPU comes with varying
clock speeds, which determine the number of instructions executable per
second, and many other features which allow for faster and smoother execution.
A faster-clock CPU installed in your machine will allow you to perform these
calculations and instructions faster, which in practical terms means being able to

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quickly access programs, read memory and execute the functions within those
programs. For example, in a video conversion operation (converting one format
to another), the processing times will be much less if you have a dual-core
processor installed. When using a program like Photoshop or Paint Shop Pro,
the effects you apply to an image use processing pore also.


The new Core i5 processors re released in September 2009. As the name would
suggest, these processors do not represent a new architecture but rather a
mainstream release of processors based on the Nehalem architecture, which re
previously available only as part of the Core i7 line. Of course, the marketing of
the new products indicates that they are intended to be seen as less capable
products than the existing Core i7 processors.

The New Socket and Chipset:

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One of the most importance differences between Core i5 and Core i7 is the use
of a new socket, known as LGA1156. This new socket will also be used by
some Core i7 products, but current Core i7s use the LGA1366 socket. The new
LGA1156 socket is partnered with a new chipset, the P55. As those who follow
computing would guess, the P55 is designed as a mainstream chipset. This
means fewer features, but lot cost.

Turbo Mode:
- One feature which will be responsible for a major performance difference is
the improvements in turbo mode. The original Core i7 processors came with a
turbo mode which allowed the processor to essentially over-clock itself
automatically when some cores re not being used.

- The Core i7-965, for example, could hit 3.46 GHz when the turbo mode was
fully active. Its stock speed is 3.2 GHz.

- Intel has said this will be enhanced with the new Core i5 products as ll as with
the new Core i7 860 and 870. The Core i5 750, for example, should be able to
accelerate from its stock speed of 2.66Ghz to speeds as high as 3.2Ghz.

- This is a substantial improvement,

and it allows new Core i5 processors
to perform as ll as current Core i7
processors in applications that only

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use one or two cores. For more in-depth information, read a full review of the
Core i5's performance.

Triple-Channel DD3 and Dual-Channel Memory:

- The original Core i7 products, and their associated X58 chipset, make use of
triple-channel DDR3 memory. This meant that it was best to purchase RAM
sticks in multiples of three.

- This is a turn off to many users because it makes RAM less flexible and
requires more spending upfront. Gamers may enjoy spending the money to see
the i7 really perform.

-Core i5, however uses traditional dual-channel memory. This should make
RAM less expensive for most users. Some new Core i7s will also support dual-
channel memory instead of triple-channel. The performance difference should
be insignificant for most users.

Difference in Hyper-Threading:
- Another significant performance difference is how the Core i7 and Core i5
products will be handling hyper-threading. Hyper-threading is a technology
used by Intel to simulate more cores than actually exist on the processor.

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- While Core i7 products have all been quad-cores, they appear in Windows as
having eight cores. This further improves performance when using programs
that make good use of multi-threading.

-Some Core i5 products have this feature, but some do not. Currently, the Core
i5 750 does not have hyper-threading, but it does have four physical cores. The
dual-core Core i5 products, on the other hand, do have hyper-threading.

- Another significant change with the Core i7/X58 landscape had to do with
graphics cards. Intel's Skull trail platform of last year supported both standards
as ll, but the specialized CPUs that made the board worthwhile re prohibitively

- With the X58 chipset, yes, it comes on an expensive motherboard, but you can
purchase a Core i7 chip to go with it for less than $300. The Core 2 Extreme
QX9775 Skull trail CPU started at $1,500.

- Gamers who stay current with graphics cards should be especially happy with
this flexibility, as changing 3D card vendors will no longer require a wholesale
system rebuild.

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-- One mechanism Intel uses to make its caches more effective is prefetching, in
which the hardware examines memory access patterns and attempts to fill the
caches speculatively with data that's likely to be requested soon.

-- Intel claims the Core i7's prefetching algorithm is both more efficient than
Penryn's—some server admin wound up disabling hardware prefect in Xeons
because it harmed performance with certain workloads, a measure Intel says
should no longer be needed—and more aggressive, as ll.

--The Core i7 can get to main memory very quickly, too, thanks to its integrated
memory controller, which eliminates the chip-to-chip "hop" required when
going over a front-side bus to an external north bridge.

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-- Again, this is a familiar page from AMD's template, but Intel has raised the
stakes by incorporating support for three channels of DDR3 memory.

-- Officially, the maximum memory speed supported by the first Core i7

processors is 1066 MHz, which is a little conservative for DDR3, but
frequencies of 1333, 1600, and 2000 MHz are possible with the most expensive
Core i7, the 965 Extreme Edition.

-- In fact, tested it with 1600 MHz memory, since this is a more likely
configuration for a thousand-dollar processor.

-- For a CPU, the bandwidth numbers involved here are considerable. Three
channels of memory at 1066 MHz can achieve an aggregate of 25.6 GB/s of

-- At 1333 MHz, you're looking at 32 GB/s. At 1600 MHz, the peak would be
38.4 GB/s, and at 2000 MHz, 48 GB/s.

-- By contrast, the peak effective memory bandwidth on a Core 2 system would

be 12.8 GB/s, limited by the throughput of a 1600MHz front-side bus.

--With dual channels of DDR2 memory at 1066MHz, the Phenom's peak would
be 17.1 GB/s.

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-- The Core i7 is simply in another league. In fact, our Core i7-965 Extreme test
rig with 1600MHz memory has the same total bus width (192 bits) and
theoretical memory bandwidth as a GeForce 9600 GSO graphics card.

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The first is performance, which considers how effective the Intel Core i7
processor performs in operation against similar desktop products. While any
conspicuous benefits to video game performance, it didn't harm frame rate,
either. The new 32nm Westmere micro architecture reduces power drain down
to only 12W at idle, which is a 'Green' step in the right direction and conserves

Several architectural design

and micro architectural
functionality enhancements
have been added to the Intel
Core i7-980X, including six
processor cores in the CPU
package and increased
shared cache memory
buffer. The codename Gulftown multi-core processor utilizes an integrated
memory controller technology and uses up a 130-Watt thermal design power

The i7 processor features an Intel QPI point-to-point link capable of up to 6.4

GT/s, 12 MB Level 3 cache, and an integrated triple-channel memory
controller. Other than two new CPU cores, which yield four additional
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processor threads and 2MB L3 Smart Cache each, the new Gulftown 980X also
brings twelve additional Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions
(AES-NI) to the Core-i7 family. Gulftown supports all the existing Streaming
SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2), Streaming SIMD Extensions 3 (SSE3) and
Streaming SIMD Extensions 4 (SSE4). The Intel Core i7-980X also processor
supports several Advanced Technologies: Intel 64 Technology (Intel-64),
Enhanced Intel Speed Step Technology, Intel Virtualization Technology (Intel-
VT), Turbo Boost Technology, and

In conclusion, Intel Core i7 processor satisfies that insatiable need for

enthusiasts to own a slice of the impossible. Tests have shown that
computational tasks such as media transcoding and compression archiving, and
especially encryption, have all seen impressive gains. The added processor
threads and L3 Smart Cache will certainly help boost performance in Virtual
Machine and VM Ware environments, or professional design suites such as
Adobe Photoshop and Premiere-Pro, Auto Desk Maya and 3DS-Max, Microsoft
Excel and Windows Live Movie Maker, Sony Vegas and Acid, and also Virtual

Gaming performance is solely dependant on the GPU when it comes to

enthusiast hardware, and no amount of processor cores will improve what ATI
or NVIDIA have already created in their products.

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Overclockers may be sorely disappointed if they expect the 980X to beat the i7-
975 to 5 GHz, because the extra cores make this chip a little less nimble when it
comes to dancing around boundaries. Ultimately the Intel Core i7 is not meant
to be a value-driving SKU, and the PC-hardware elite have always understood
this. Much like Lexus automobiles, which are little more than decorated
Toyota's, Intel saves the bells and whistles for their exclusive Extreme Edition
product line.


✔ i7 Processor

By Andrew S. Tavermann

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✔ Hyper -Threading

By Douglas Comer and Prentice Hall

✔ www.intel.com

✔ www.answers.com

✔ www.wikipedia.com

✔ Google Search Engine

✔ Bing Search Engine

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