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No.

: RMC/JnNURM/DRN/01-06/0508

Detail Project Report (DPR) for


Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-1)
for Rajkot city

Estimated Cost

Period

Rs. 7688 Lakhs

05-06 TO 07-08

Date of Preparation

Date of Submission

Rajkot Municipal Corporation


Dr. Ambedkar Bhawan
Dhebarbhai Road, Rajkot 300 001
( Gujarat India)
Ph: 2224133, 2239973; Fax:+91-281-2224258
E-mail: mc_rmc@yahoo.co.in; url: www.rmc.gov.in

No.: RMC/JnNURM/DRN/01-06/0508

Detail Project Report (DPR) for


Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-1)
for Rajkot city

Contents

C
Co
on
ntteen
nttss
Forward
Executive Summary
1.0 INTRODUCTION....
1.1 Background
1.2 Need of the Project
1.3 Objectives
1.4 Scope & Limitation
1.5 Methodology

2.0 BACKGROUND
...
2.1 Sectoral Policies outlined in CDP
2.2 Linkage of the projects to the CDP

3.0 CHARACTERISTICS OF THE AREA.... 6


3.1 Regional Profile with Location Map
3.2 Climate & Rainfall
3.3 Geography
3.4 Environmental Setting
3.5 Growth of City
3.6 Settlement Pattern
3.7 Demographic Profile
3.8 Land Use
3.9 Housing
3.10 Civic Authorities
3.11 Status of Legislation
4.0 EXISTING SYSTEM OVERVIEW..
4.1 General
4.2 Rajkot Underground Drainage work Phase-I & Phase-II
4.3 Rajkot Underground Drainage work Phase-III
4.4 Rajkot Water Supply

22

5.0 EXTENT OF PRIVATISATION.


5.1 Privatization experience of rmc
5.2 Operation of drainage pumping stations
5.3 Privatization of public grievance cell of drainage department
5.4 Scope for further privatization

28

6.0 DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN ................................33


6.1 Drainage phase-ii (part -1)
6.2 Drainage phase-ii (part-1) sewage treatment plant of 44.50 mld
6.3 Drainage phase-iii (part-1)
6.4 Design of sewage treatment plant at raiya under phase-iii (part-1)
7.0 DETAILED ENGINEERING DESIGN- MECHANICAL & ELECTRICAL . 87
7.1 Necessity of Auxiliary Pumping Stations for Drainage Phase-III
7.2 Criteria proposed for Mechanical works
7.3 Criteria proposed for Electrical Aspects
7.4 Pumping Mains of APS & MPS

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II &II (Part-I) for Rajkot city

Contents
8.0 RECOMMANDATIONS...............................................
8.1 Issues and Performance Assessment
8.2 SWOT Analysis
8.3 Recommendation

92

9.0 COST ESTIMATES


...
9.1 General
9.2 Based for Cost Estimate
9.3 Cost Estimate for Phase-II (Part-1)
9.4 Cost Estimate for Phase-III (Part-1)
9.5 Total Estimates of Drainage Work Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-1)

97

10.0

Financial Analysis ...................................................


10.1 General
10.2 RMC Finance
10.3 Present Tariff, Billing and Collection Service Connection
10.4 Drainage Projects & Project Funding

170

11.0

Summing up.. . ...


11.1 Conclusion

174

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II &II (Part-I) for Rajkot city

ii

Contents

LLiisstt ooff TTaabblleess


Table No.

Table Details

Table 1 :

Planning for JnNURM projects.

Table 2 :

Quality of Air

Table 3 :

Population Growth in Rajkot city

Table 4 :

RMC Population projection

Table 5 :

Status of Land Development

Table 6 :

Important Section of BPMC Act.

Table 7 :

GTP & UD Act, 1976 relevancy for


MC Infrastructure Development

Table 8 :

Phasing of Sewage

Table 9 :

Phase-I & Phase-II

Table 10 :

Drainage Network (For Old city) Phase-I & II

Table 11 :

Details of Pumping Station

Table 12 :

Quality of Sewage before & after treatment

Table 13 :

Sources of water

Table 14 :

Zones & Storage Capacity & supply

Table 15 :

Water supply Distribution Net works

Table 16 :

No of Complaints

Table 17 :

Unit sizing: Conventional Activated Sludge Process

Table 18 :

Unit sizing Facultative Lagoons followed by Extended Aeration

Table 19 :

Unit Sizing: Anaerobic Lagoons followed by Aerated Lagoon

Table 20 :

Unit Sizing: Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor

Table 21 :

Details of T.P.Roads in Town Planning Schemes

Table 22 :

Hydraulic properties of circular sections for Manning's formula

Table 23 :

The Detials Of Designed Capacity Of Pumping Stations For Rajkot Sewerage Project

Phase-

III
Table 24 :

The Details Of Designed Pumps And Motors For Pumping Stations For Rajkot Sewerage
Project Phase-III

Table 25 :

Abstract Of Cost Estimate For Phase-II

Table 26 :

Summary Of Estimated Project Cost

Table 27 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 1 part 1, T.P. 1

Table 28 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 1 part 2, T.P. 4

Table 29 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 6

Table 30 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 2

Table 31 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 3

Table 32 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 5

Table 33 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 7

Table 34 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 8

Table 35 :

Bill Of Quantities For Collective System of T.P. scheme no. 8 slum

Table 36 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Connection of T.P. scheme no. 1

Table 37 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Connection of T.P. scheme no. 1 Part 2 & T.P. 4

Table 38 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 6

Table 39 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 2

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II &II (Part-I) for Rajkot city

iii

Contents
Table 40 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 3

Table 41 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 5

Table 42 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 7

Table 43 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 8

Table 44 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Collection of T.P. scheme no. 8 slum

Table 45 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Connection of T.P. scheme no. 1

Table 46 :

Bill Of Quantities For House Connection of T.P. scheme no. 1 Part 2 & T.P. 4

Table 47 :

Municipal Revenue Income

Table 48 :

Level of subsidies

LLiisstt ooff M
Maappss
No.
Map:

Location Map

Details

Map:

Development Plan of Rajkot.

Map:

Drainage Status

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II &II (Part-I) for Rajkot city

iv

Contents

A
Abbbbrreevviiaattiioonnss
ALV
APMC
ARV
BOD
BPMC
CA
CBO
CCP
CDS
CEPT
COD
CPHEEO
CUR
DA
FOP
GIDC
GMFB
GOG
GOI
GPCB
GSRTC
GUD & HD
GWSSB
HUDCO
IMR
JnNURM
NGO
NIOH
OR
PF
RCC
REA
RMC
RTO
RUDA
SC
SPM
ST
SWOT
TDS
UDPFI
WPR

Annual Legitable Value


Agricultural Produce Market Committee
Annual Ratable Value
Bio-Oxygen Demand
Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporations
City Administration
Community Base Organization
City Corporate Plan
City Development Strategy
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology
Chemical Oxygen Demand
Central Public Health & Environmental Engineering Organization
Capital Utilization Ratio
Dearness Allowance
Financial Operating Plan
Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation
Gujarat Municipal Finance Board
Government of Gujarat
Government of India
Gujarat Pollution Control Board
Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation
Gujarat Urban Development & Housing Department
Gujarat Water Supply & Sewerage Board
Housing & Urban Development Corporation
Infant Mortality Rate
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Non Governmental Organization
National Institute of Health
Operating Ratio
Provident Fund
Reinforced Cement Concrete
Rajkot Engineering Association
Rajkot Municipal Corporation
Regional Transport Office
Rajkot Urban Development Authority
Schedule Caste
Suspended Particulate Matter
Schedule Tribe
Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats
Total Dissolved Solids
Urban Development Plan Formulation and Implementation
Workers Participation Rate

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II &II (Part-I) for Rajkot city

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Introduction

Introduction

1.1 Background
Rajkot City with a population of one million (as per census 2001) and with an area of 104.86
Sq. Kms. is situated on the bank of river Aji. This fortified town on the West bank of Aji river was
founded by the then ruler of Sardhar in the year 1608. The city is having good road, Rail and Air links
with other important centers of the Country. Rajkot city has taken rapid strides in industrial and
commercial development and is growing in to an important urban center in the State. Further, very
fast industrial development also took place in the vicinity of Rajkot city. Area, like Sapar-Veraval and
Lodhika Industrial Estate have also affected in the growth of population of Rajkot city and urban area
of Rajkot remarkably.
The metropolitan areas, cities and towns have attracted a large numbers of rural migrants for
employment, higher education, purchases, medical treatment etc. Due to heavy rush on cities,
Government of Gujarat formed independent autonomous urban development authority for six cities in
the year 1978. Rajkot Urban Development Authority (RUDA) was formed on 30th January 1978. The
authority has to plan, implement and follow up the development of 483 sq.km. This area includes
Municipal Corporation and 39 villages in the immediate periphery of the city. Till June 1998 the
authority had prepared eight town planning schemes in the immediate periphery of the city boundary
towards west side of the city and covered land of three villages namely Raiya, Nanamava and Mavdi.
Because of the development took place in the town planning scheme area, basic infrastructure
facilities were sought out by the residents and ultimately in the year 1998, city limits of Municipal
Corporation on western area (Mavdi, Nanamava and Raiya) was extended for 35.86 Sq.Km and total
area of city limits became 69 sq.kms. to 104.86 sq.km. This resulted total population of the city about
one million ( as per Census 2001). With the rapid growth of the city, the need arise to augment the
existing basic infrastructures services of the city. Since the extended area was without any kind of
infrastructure facilities these basic service needs to be implemented on priority basis.

On Implementation of Phase-II (Part-I) project there will be 90% coverage of


drainage net work in old city area while in newly merged area as on date no sewerage system
exists and presently the sullage water is being disposed of through surface drainage. On
Implementation of the Phase-III ( Part-I) project the coverage would be about 42% .

1.2 Need of the Project


The city is developing at a rapid pace and the population is expected to reach about 1.5
million by the year 2011. The generation of sewage in the year 2011 would be about 210 MLD, while
existing net work and sewerage Treatment Plant is about 44.50 MLD only . This needs spcial
attention on augmentation of STP and /or new STP

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Introduction

Govt of India recently launched urban Infrastructure development mission for selected 63 cities of
India as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM) which also encourages
preparing Detail Project Report for under ground drainage project Phase-II ( Part-I) and PhaseIII(Part-I).

1.3 Objectives
The broad objectives of the Detail Project Report (DPR) are to determine a technically and
economically viable Sewerage & Sewage Treatment project for a phased implementation to meet the
requirements of the year 2030. Following are the specific objectives:
1. Assessment of the existing supply situation
2. Population and generation of sewage projections
3. Planning for Projects identified for JnNURM
4. Project scheduling & cost estimates
5. Projects phasing
6. To prepare operational plan
7. Organizational and financial studies
8. To set recommendation with respect to JnNURM reforms & sustainability

1.4 Scope & Limitations of the study


1. The study is limited to Rajkot city admeasuring area app.75 sq.kms. out of 104.86 sq.kms.
2. The study is limited to Drainage DPR for Rajkot city Phase-2 ( Part-I ) and Phase-3
( Part-1) which are identified and outlined in City Development Plan ( 2005-2012)
3. Projects which are identified in CDP for RUDA area are excluded.
4. The DPR of remaining 30 sq.kms is under way of preparation and same is planned to be
processed in the year 2007-08.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Introduction

1.5 Methodology
Aim/Objectives

Situation analysis
Waste water characteristics

System analysis

Water supply network


Land use.
Population.
Population density
zone wise.
Quantity of domestic
waste water generated
Quality of waste water

Institutional and
financial analysis
 Staff structure for the
drainage department
 Total capital
investment for the
sewerage system
 O & M expenses for
sewerage system
 Existing Tariff
Structure
 Level of Subsidy
 Proposed Tariff
structure

Total Quantity of water


supply in MLD
Quality of water
Seasonal variation in
water supply and
consumption pattern

Sewerage network and


treatment plant
Quantity of waste water
collected through
sewerage system
Present net work
analysis
 fully covered area
 partly covered area
 un covered area
 present capacity of
treatment plant
Quantity of waste water
collected through
sewerage system
Methods of effluent
disposal

Identification of problems
and issues

Requirement
Assessment
Civil Design
Mech/Elect Design

Future requirement
 Population forecast
 Future Land use
 Water supply

Selection of best
alternatives for cost
Costing

Implementation

Drainage DPR
(Phase II & III (part-I)

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Background of the study

B
Baacckkggrroouunndd ooff tthhee ssttuuddyy

2.1 Sectoral Policies outlined in CDP


Rajkot Municipal Corporation with the financial assistance from World Bank, an
underground sewerage project was implemented costing Rs.40 crores and the said project was
commissioned in the year 1994 with coverage area of 40sq.kms..Rajkot Municipal Corporation has
taken up the work to connect the left out area of with underground drainage system and as on
implementation of Phase-II work the 90% of old city area will be covered under underground
sewerage system. As on date for new area the coverage is nill.
The present sewage of old city is being collected through about 350 Km long collective
system with 7 nos. of intermediate pumping stations. The whole network will cover approximately 60
sq.kms. of area with coverage of population about 6.5 Lakhs. The sewage is being pumped to the
sewage treatment plant, which is located at 5 kms distance from the city. The capacity of the plant is
44.5 MLD, however, it is inadequate to cater the present quantity of sewage about 57 MLD, the
process design of the plant is Facultative Lagoon followed by extended Aeration.
In accordance with suggestions of citizens, elected representatives, officials & officers of
RMC and other stakeholders involved in the entire city development plan process the outcomes and
vision for Drainage net work for city the describe the total coverage. Outcomes also assumed that no
sewage disposal without treatment to the river. This will require infrastructure development fund as
suggested in JnNURM projects expenses.
To achieve these out comes following strategies have been formulated in City Development
Plan. These are the core value of this Detail Project Report
DS1

: New Sewer Program & Sewage Planning_ This program is aimed at improving

the coverage of city waste water and also to cater population of newly merged area. It is proposed to
augment existing drainage net work of old city limit by adding more 20 sq.kms. area and to
implement an underground drainage system to the present developed area of 15 sq.kms (Out of 35
sq.kms newly merged area)> Similarly newly area the capacity of the plant will be 51 MLD.
DS2:

Wastewater Treatment Planning_ the existing sewage treatment having capacity of

45 MLD, which is required to augmented by another 45 MLD. It is proposed as a part of city


corporate plan that in the first phase during 2007, the STP is to be augmented for 45 MLD then after
successively the capacity can be augmented.
DS3

: Coverage of Low Income Settlements_ There is 84 slum notified slum area within

the old city limit of Rajkot. Existing drainage net work passes near to at least 55 slum areas. Therefore
it is proposed to cover this locality by using Pay & Use type toilet facility under GOI & GOG scheme
of Valmik Swatchhata Abhiyan. The same has been implemented by the Corporation. This will serve
as part of slum networking program. It is proposed to use budgetary head of 63\2 as matching fund
requirements
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Background of the study

: Sewage Operation & maintenance _ Presently RMC privatized the O& M works.

DS4

It is found more effective, & economical. Therefore it is proposed to widen the scope of present
contract system.

2.2 Linkage of the projects to the CDP


Projects formulated and identified in CDP for drainage focus on_ Phase-II (Part-I) works for
Rajkot inner city / old city area which consists of works of collective systems, house connections,
pumping station STP etc.,. works of Phase-III i.e. work of newly merged area which consists of house
connections, collective system , pumping stations STP etc., for newly merged area.
JnNURM projects are identified as under:

No.

Details

20052006200706
07
08
Rajkot Under ground drainage project Phase -II old city area
1
Work of collective system &
300
300
300
house connections for inner city
area

Year
200809

Rs. In Lakhs
20092010201110
11
12

Total

300

245

50

50

1545

15
135
0
0
Additional pumping machinery
in various pumping station
3
Work of Rising main from
50
455
0
0
poptpara pumping station to
sewage treatment plant
4
Extension of existing treatment
0
400
200
200
plant by 44.5 MLD at Madhapar
Rajkot Under ground drainage project Phase -III for newly merged area
5
700
700
700
700
Const of main line , collective

50

50

50

300

505

800

500

500

500

4300

system & house connections in


new area & road reinstating work
Pumping stations & with
electrical mechanical allied
works in new area
Const of
Sewage Treatment
Plant of 51 MLD capacity at
Raiya
Purchase of equipments - Jetting
machine-03, cleaning machine 10, power bucket -23 dewatering
set-10 sets , safety equipment
Development of MIS and
Redressal system
Total
Phase wise percentage

200

200

268

200

200

100

1168

400

570

600

500

2070

200

500

300

1000

20

20

1285
10.98

2790
23.83

2538
21.68

1200
10.25

995
8.50

1400
11.96

1500
12.81

11708
100

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

C
Chhaarraacctteerriissttiicc ooff tthhee ssttuuddyy aarreeaa

3.1 Regional Profile with Location Map


Rajkot is situated in the middle of the peninsular Saurashtra in central plains of Gujarat State of
Western India at a height of 138 m above mean sea level. It lies between latitude 22.18 N and longitude
70.51 E. It has an area of 104.86 sq. kms
Rajkot is head quarter of Rajkot District and the city is connected with other parts of the country
by Rail, Road and Air. There are
broad gauge railway line of Western
Railway between Viramgam-OkhaPorbandar and meter gauge railway
line

between

Jetulsar-Veraval-

Bhavanagar. It is also well connected


by broad gauge railway line with
Delhi and Bombay the important two
Metropolitan cities of India. Also
there are major roads and NH-8 a
links Kandla, NH-8 B links Porbandar and state capital Gandhinagar. State highways connect Rajkot to
other important towns of the region like Surendranagar,Porbandar, Junagadh, Veraval, Bhavnagar,
Amreli, Bhuj, Kandla, Ahmedabad,, Baroda etc., The city is also served by an aerodrome and linked by
air with Baroda, Bhuj, Bombay, Delhi and Ahmedabad.

3.2 Climate & Rainfall


Climate: The climate in the city is hot and dry. The average maximum and minimum
temperatures recorded over the last 40 years are 43.5 deg C and 24.2 deg C respectively.
Rainfall: The average annual rainfall is 500mm. However, over the last 60 years, it has been
below normal during 20 years. In these years, the city along with the Rajkot Urban Development Area
(RUDA) faced acute water shortage. The average annual rainfall is observed about 500 mm. in the area.

3.3 Geography
Rajkot forms central part of

Saurashtra Peninsula and has a diverse landscape made up of

plateau, hills, linear ridges and alluvial plains. The southern and western parts of the city are
primarily covered by Deccan Traps, characterized by undulating topography with the presence of
plateaus at some locations. In the northern part, topography is plain with gentle slope towards north and
west. The average elevation attained in the district is 130 meters above mean sea level. The general
topography of RMC area is almost undulating with level difference from 125 m to 158 m from south east
to north west. The city of Rajkot is situated along the Aji River, which is seasonal in nature. The main
tributary of Aji in the area is khokhadadi located on southwest side of Rajkot city. Two nos at natural
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

water reservoirs (lakes) are located near Rajkot city viz. Lalpari and Randerda, at the distance of 4 kms
and 6 kms respectively from the city. Across the river Aji , Aji reservoir is built up at a distance of 9 kms
from Rajkot city and Aji II at a distance of 15 kms. In the RUDA area Nyari I and Nyari II reservoirs are
constructed which are located within of 15 Kms to 30 Kms from the city. In addition to this, for draining
storm water, Nos. of Natural courses exist, in RMC and RUDA areas which are ultimately meting to
river Aji to drain storm water.
Soil Type: Soil of the entire Rajkot area can be broadly classified as medium black to shallow
black. The black soil, being rich in minerals and organic matter is more fertile. These soils have been
formed even from granite and gneiss parent materials. The depth of the top soil is generally 25 cm to 50
cm deep. The color of soil surface varies from light gray to dark gray and is clayey in texture. The soil
reaction is neutral to alkaline with Calcium Carbonate. Beyond 50 cm depth the under ground strata are
soft rock & hard rock. The vegetative cover is minimal in the open area due to lack of adequate topsoil.
The topsoil is underlain with hard rock formations thereby limiting the growth of vegetation in the
region. .
Ground Water Table The fluviomarine alluvium of Upper Tertiary to Quaternary age forms
poor aquifer because of the predominance of argillaceous nature of formations and poor quality of
ground water. The ground water occurs under water table and confined conditions. Depth of tube wells
ranges from 30 to 120 meters below ground level, whereas depth to water level ranges from 20 to 100
meter below ground level. The seasonal fluctuations in the water table ranges from 1.8 to 12.0 meters.
The yield from the tube wells ranges from 2.50 to 10.00 cubic meters/day. In hard rock areas the
availability of ground water in a particular year is the direct response to intensity of monsoon and quick
response is seen in such aquifers. In the years of normal and above normal rainfalls the water level
decline. The seasonal availability of ground water also varies widely.
Rajkot district forms central part of Saurashtra Peninsula and has a diverse landscape made up of
plateau, hills, linear ridges and alluvial plains. The southern and western parts of the district are primarily
covered by Deccan Traps, characterized by undulating topography with the presence of plateaus at some
locations. In the northern part, topography is plain with gentle slope towards north and west. The east
west trending linear ridge forming upland south of Rajkot forms water divide for south & southwesterly
flowing drainage basin of Bhadar and north & northeasterly flowing drainage basins of Aji, Machhu etc.

3.4 Environmental Setting


The presence of industrial and commercial activities on a large scale, in and around Rajkot, tends
to have strong impact on the environmental quality of the city. The concentration of polluting industries
such as the foundries, electroplating units, Sari printing, manufacturing of dyes and chemicals within
the city and lack of basic infrastructure particularly, inadequate drainage connections and bio-medical
waste generation tends to take its toll on the environment. Issues related to air pollution, water pollution
and pollution from waste is much of concern about citizens.
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

Air Pollution : The principal sources of Air pollution in Rajkot are from vehicular emissions,
industrial emissions, construction related activities. Uses of Kerosene as fuel by Auto- rickshaw,
pollution

from

Chhakada

and

emission
relatively

of
more

Month

numbers of the two-wheelers are


sources

of

vehicular

While

sources

emissions.

of

industrial

emissions are mainly from the


foundries, small scale industries and
bricks manufacturing kilns.
Ambient

air

quality

Aug-2003
Octo-03
Dece-03
Feb-04
Apr-04
July-04
Aug-04
Sep-04

Table : 5.1 Quality of Air


SO2 in g/cu.mt.
NOX
g/cu.mt.
Indu.
Area
24
17
18
21
25
7
12
13

Resi.
Area
NA
17
14
7
15
23
10
11

Indu.
Area
18
10
24
21
21
14
12
18

Resi.
Area
NA
14
19
7
14
8
13
10

SPM in
g/cu.mt.
Indu. Resi.
Area
Area
550
NA
230
120
310
210
190
210
320
130
180
180
230
210
240
160

monitoring is carried out at three locations by Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) since 2000. The
Monthly average of SO2 , NOX, and SPM of last year as collected from two station viz., Aji GIDC
Industrial area and GPCB Office- residential area are as shown in the table below: O2 and NOX levels in
Rajkot are within the NAAQS (Monthly Average) during both the years. However, the SPM levels in
Rajkot are found exceeding NASQS(Monthly Average) during both the years, particularly in Industrial
Area and 50% time in a year in residential area.
Water Pollution: The city lies within the watershed expansion of Aji river basin and it is
network of 19 natural drainage courses, locally known as Voklas. Unfortunately, these voklas are being
used for sewage disposals resulted the pollution of water Aji- river in down stream of Aji dam. Nyari-2
dam which collects water from Aji river and Nyari river is fully polluted water dam. An analysis of
different water bodies in down stream of Aji dam indicates the most of water bodies within city limit are
contaminated. Pollution of under ground water due to electro-plating industries and sari-printing
industries is also observed.
Pollution due to SW : The main causes for pollution include increasing household and
commercial waste, commercial waste as well as bio-medical waste. Though, Rajkot Municipal
Corporation is making efforts to ensure minimize the solid waste at source, but the result is not being
seen up to the mark.

3.5 Growth of City


The city does not have a long history. It was founded by the then ruler of Sardhar 1608 A. D. on
the west bank of the river Aji as a small fortified town. by Ruler of Sardhar Gradually, it became a
Princely State in the year 1805. The British Government developed the old city area popularly known as
Sadar during 1820 to 1870. The old town and Sadar area being part of the city were developing
simultaneously.

Both these areas were separated by North-South Railway track then existed but

subsequently railway track was removed. Both these areas merged with each other resulting in
coordinated development of the town. Hence the city developed from a village, civic development was
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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

in the process and in the course of time some of the major works came to be permanently visible. To
name some of them, we can mention Raj Kumar College, Alfred High School which was subsequently
named Mahatma Gandhi High School, Jubilee Garden, Railway line, Railway Junction, Lakhajiraj
Railway Station which geared up the development of whole town of Rajkot. By the end of 19th century,
Rajkot emerged as a premier town having a population of 36,000.
Rajkot was capital of Ex-Saurashtra State and has a central location in the region being a part of
Gujarat State. Its importance as a capital is attributed to geographical location, its cultural heritage and
the development potential possessed by the city.

The present level of development of the city is

outcome of the process of progressive development going on since decades. It will be useful to recall the
historical background of the city enjoying a position of importance in the field of Trade, Industry,
Education, Transportation, Communication, Entertainment and urbanization.
Rajkot is also affected by the wave of rapid urbanization and industrialization in the country over
the last few decades. The development of trade and industry has gradually reshaped the life of the people.
In the earlier period, the establishment of cloth mills in the city led to the development of new residential
areas like Millpara, Harishchandra Plot, Gundawadi, Kevdawadi etc. The new Railway Station known as
Bhaktinagar station also came into being.
Further, around the year 1940, new industrial estates, residential areas, schools, colleges, cinema
houses came into being. Thereafter, Rajkot eventually became a vibrant trading city with a wide network
of transport facilities by air, railway and road. A number of transport companies established their head
offices at Rajkot. The Industrial Estates known as Bhaktinagar Industrial Estate and Aji Industrial Estate
were established. Trade and Industry fast developing in the city also attracted foreign investment during
these periods. This trend of city development generated rising demand for creating new civic amenities in
the city.

3.6 Settlement Pattern


Rajkot is a town of comparatively recent growth. In about 400 years, it has developed from a
small hamlet to a prosperous town today. Up to 1820 the growth was not too rapid, but after the British
government established its camp in 1822 the town opened new directions of growth. The industrial
development and the urban influence of the city started with the establishment of the first textile mill in
the region towards the end of 1910;. About 60 industrial units came into existence between 1900-1920 ,
which induced development of the city to a great extent. With the have the industries trade and
commerce also flourished inviting the immigrant population to a large extent.
With increasing industrial, trade and commerce activity, there has been tremendous growth in the
population of the town. The citys population has been experiencing an average growth of around 50 %
since 1961. There was a sudden increase in the population in 1941-51 decade ( 99%) which was because
of large number of government offices being established in the city of Rajkot after formation of Gujarat

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

state, creating large number of employment opportunities. However, since then the decadal growth rate is
fluctuating between 41% to 54%. The city has grown up in area from 150 hectare in 1901 to 10404
hectare in 1998. i.e. it has growth approximately 70 times of its initial size.
The city is growing rapidly in western direction. However, city is also simultaneously growing in
all direction. The city can be divided in to three parts due to Aji River and railway tracks, which are
passed through the city. The city has greater and prosperous development on the western side, Industrial
development on Southern side and low-income housing towards northeastern side.
At present, Rajkot Municipal Corporation covers an area of 104. 86 sq.kms. including merged
three area viz., Raiya, Nana-Mava and Mavdi area.
The city is divided in to 23 administrative wards.

3.7 Demographic Profile


Population Growth trends The population of Rajkot city is 10,02,000 as per the 2001
census. The population has grown from 36,151 in 1901 to 10,02,000 by the year 2001. with an average
annual growth rate of 3.29%.
Table: Population Growth in Rajkot city

During independence period Rajkot city

Year

Population

Growth rate

1901

36151

---

large

1911

34191

-5.42

immigrants refugee from Pakistan. Also in the

1921

45845

+34.08

last decade the city registered the growth rate of

1931

59122

+28.96

79.12% , this is attribute to the increasing the

1941

66353

+12.23

Corporation

1951

132069

+99.04

1961

194145

+47.00

1971

300112

+54.58

1981

445076

+48.30

1991

559407

+25.69

2001

1002000

+79.12

experienced highest growth rate 99.04% in


between

1941

to

limit

1951

by

because

merging

surrounding village in June-1998.

of

the

three

Chart :1.1.2. Population Growth in Rajkot city

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Characteristics of the area

Rajkot City Population Trends


1100000
1000000
900000

Population

800000
700000
600000
500000
400000
300000
200000

2001

1991

1981

1971

1961

1951

1941

1931

1921

1911

1901

100000

Year
Population Projections: The trend of population growth is an important indicator and base for the
assessment of future requirements of basic in the area for the future. In 1963, the RMC area was
extended from 38 Sq Kms to 69 Kms. Again in June 1998 the RMC area was extended by another
34.865 Sq Kms. This is credited to the immense growth in trade, commerce and industry, in and around
Rajkot.
Population projections for the RMC area have been carried out on the basis of the past growth
trends. It is required to estimate separately for RMC old area and Newly merged area as on June 1998.
The population growth rate of RMC area has been given in table. It has been observed that since last 100
years, the population of Rajkot City has increased at different growth rates. The growth rate of Rajkot
City from 1901 to 1941 has been calculated as very nominal i.e. 0.15 on average annually. After
Independence i.e. after 1951, the rate of population growth of Rajkot City has increased tremendously.
Based on the above population figure for the past decades, the RMC population ( excluding
newly merged area)has been projected utilizing ratio methods, the geometric growth method as well as
incremental increase method and graphical method. The growth rate in higher side found as 3.11% raise
per annum, medium as 3.05% and lower growth rate as 2.67%. However, Population growth rate of
newly merged area found population growth rate as 11.79%. Therefore, combine population growth rate
for RMC old area and the merged area calculated. The combined growth rate found as 4.59% for higher

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

side, 4.05 Medium side and 4.00% for lower side estimation. Table 1.1.3 shows population projections
for the years 2011and 2021.
Table: RMC Population projection
Sr.

Year

Population Projection

No

High

Medium

Adopted Population
Projection estimate

Low

2011

1,570,000

1,484,500

1,490,000

1,484,500

2021

2,215,000

2,207,000

2,232,000

2,207,000

Thus total population of the RMC area in the year 2011 is expected to 14.85 millions while for
the year 2021 reach to 22 million persons.

Chart: Rajkot City Population Projection

RMC Population Projection


2500000

Population

2000000
1500000
1000000
500000
0
1971

1981

1991

2001

2011

2021

Year
Density : The population of Rajkot city is spread over an area of 104.86 sq.kms., with density of 9556
persons /sq.kms. The density in the older part of the city wards like ward no.1 to ward 8 ranges from
14952 to 35653 persons per sq.kms. the lowest density 3131 person per sq.kms. is registered in ward no.7
having the largest area. Ward no.2 has highest density of 35653 per sq.kms.

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

Table 1.1.5: Ward wise Population, Area and Density of Rajkot city
Ward
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Total
Newly Merged
Area ( 21-23)
TOTAL

Area
( sq.kms.)
0.8227
0.7012
1.0900
1.0822
5.0741
1.7588
3.4360
0.9108
1.4714
1.5277
1.8571
2.875
2.9419
4.0682
1.2919
7.1330
18.8416
4.7052
5.7221
1.3905
69.6836
35.1764
104.86

As per 1991Census
Population
Density
29766
36181
26738
38132
28104
26289
30411
28101
29505
5815
27097
15406
29677
8637
27547
30245
26943
18311
25669
16802
25322
13635
25499
8869
25222
8573
25602
6293
26761
20663
25316
3549
30999
1645
31146
6619
30848
5391
31235
22463
559407
8028
81971
22330
641378

6116

As per 2001 Census


Population
Density
25000
30388
25000
35653
29000
28431
30000
27721
61000
12022
52000
29566
52000
15134
27000
29644
22000
14952
42000
27492
28000
15077
34000
11826
41000
13937
37000
9095
26000
20076
26000
3645
59000
3131
46000
9776
58000
10136
35000
25171
755000
10835
247000
7022
1002000

Rise/
Fall
-ve
-ve
+ve
-ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
-ve
-ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
-ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
+ve
+ve

9556

Literacy Rate: Literacy level of Rajkot has always been higher than state literacy levels. With a
total literacy rate of 73.86% in the year 2001, the

city has comparatively higher literacy rate than 69.96% of State literacy rate as well as 54.16% of
National literacy rate.

Slum Population: Rajkot city has 84 notified slum area having population of about 202371. It
is spread in almost all wards. There are total 106574 males & 95769 female including total
children of 88865 (30516 children age below 5 yrs.& 58349 children age 6-17 yrs.). It shows sex
ratio as 899:1000. The caste structure is found as 33.29% SC, 2.47 % ST, 45.22 OBC (Other
Backward Class) & 10.02% general. The literacy rate is observed 63.70%. Out of 44914
household of slum and urban poor, it is found in total survey of all household that (survey carried
out by united research organization survey,2002), 32701 HH are living below Poverty line i.e.
about 72%. The total population below Poverty line is about 147342 people. Comparing to total
population of Rajkot city, which is 1002000 as per census 2001, the BPL population is about
14.7% of city population.

3.8 Land Use


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Characteristics of the area

Rajkot city is characterized by a pattern of multiple land uses. The total area developed for
urban activities constitute 77% of the Rajkot Municipal Area. Residential use occupies about half of this
area, while industries occupy a fifth and commercial zones occupy less than 2%. Although a

Land Use

Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Traffic &
Transportation
Public & Semipublic
Recreational
Space
Agriculture
Water bodies
Vacant Land
Other
TOTAL

Table: Land use Break Up


Existing Land Use
Proposed Land Use as
as per 2001
per DP 2011
Area in
Percent
Area in
Percent
Hectare
Hectare
4247
40.50
5502
52.47
209
2.00
279
2.66
628
5.99
738
7.04

development

plan

has

been

prepared, poor implementation and


enforcement

result

in

quite

different ground realities. Rajkot is


plagued by problems of informal
sector including slum development,

1400

13.35

1650

15.74

illegal colonies and commercial

149

1.42

249

2.38

encroachments and a lack of

123
995
236
1510
988
10484

1.17
9.49
2.25
14.40
9.42
100 %

523
800
236
-508
10486

4.99
7.63
2.25
-4.84
100 %

industrial zoning and unplanned


mixed land use.
The
developed

for

total
urban

area
activities

constitute about 77 % of the city

area and balances constitute activities enmarked for vacant land, water bodies and other purposes.

Residential Uses: The residential development is spread over 54 sq.kms. high density of

residential development is found in older parts of city especially Kotak street, Raghuvir para, Ramnath
para, Kumbhar wada, Soni bazaar etc., The densities are low in the newly merged area especially in and
around kalwad road, Raiya road, 150 feet ring road, university road and in some parts of junction area,
popat para area etc. It is obvious that newly developed area where TP schemes were developed is
planned. However, old city areas like Prahlad plot, Jayraj plot area are developed with a regular street
pattern, well shaped plots but these area lack open space. Percentage of residential area to total area is
found 51.34% while residential area to developed area is 60.23% .

Commercial Use: Main commercial areas are Soni bazaar, Dharmendra road, Lakhajiraj road,

area around jubilee vegetable market.etc., of old city, which is also described as city area A in GDCR;
Yagnik road, Dhebar road, gondal road, Jagnath area etc., which is known as city area B etc.; and
Kalwad road, amin road, university road, Raiya road, st.kabir road, pedak road etc, called Other area_ as
described in GDCR. Traditionally, dana pith area was for grains & grocery whole sale and retail
marketing; lakhaji raj road, kapad market and dharmendra road for clothing sale; soni bazaar for jewellry
market; sadar for retail provisions stores etc., are established since long. These commercial activities
demand substantial space in prime areas. The percentage of commercial area to total area is found about
1.89%, while same is to develop area seems to about 2.11%.

Industrial Use: Two Industrial estates were developed by Gujarat Industrial Development

Corporation. They are Bhaktinagar Industrial Estate and Aji Industrial Estate. Above which ,sorathiawadi
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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

plot area had been developed by private developers as another industrial area. Besides, National Textile
mill, which is closed, occupies very prime land and is spread in huge area. Rajkot city is developed as an
industrial city hence, growth of industries and residences of industrial employees developed
simultaneously which resulted in mixed land use pattern. The percentage of Industrial area to that of total
area and developed area are found 20 % & 22.28% respectively.

Public Purposed Use:Main components of Pubic purpose use can be described as open space,

parks & play ground, recreational space, hospital space, schools, govt. office buildings etc., The major
contribution to the component is by race course complex, which has facility of international cricket
stadium, indoor stadium, hockey ground, foot ball ground etc.; garden and fun world & open ground.
Other such space is Shastri Maidan. The total public purposed space to total area is 9% while it is 10%
against developed area.

3.9 Housing
Housing reflects the economy & quality of life of any urban area. Poor planning mechanism
leads to slum & illegal growth. Though, there exists an elaborate Regulatory Mechanism to promote,
guide & control the building activities, it is often claimed that its procedure are very restrictive and
difficult to comply. Such rigidity in regulation mechanism has minimized its scope. Almost 25 to 28
percent addition to the housing stock are estimated to be made informally without obtaining necessary
permissions and sanctions. On one side lot of financial agencies and Govt incentives, encourages the
development of housing sector where as on other side the regulation mechanism creates complex hurdle
to the development. Therefore it is necessary to form housing strategy for better city and reducing slum
& illegal development.
As described above there are 51.34% land is reserved for Residential purpose. Out of which
80% is being developed. The average house holds size as per census 2001 is 5.64, and the total number
of residential property as per RMC tax branch report is 1,65,000 which describes about 40000 yet to be
required.
It is observed that nearly about 5000 dwelling units are added annually to the housing stock
of the city. In contrary to this, the number of applications for development permission received by RMC
is as low as sixteen hundred. However, many of these applications are taken for multi-storied building
having more than one dwelling unit. On these ground, it is estimated that nearly half of the dwelling
units are constructed beyond the framework of regulation framework. The development permission in
the Rajkot city is accorded as per the provisions given in General Development Control Regulation
(GDCR)- revised May-2000.

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

It is estimated that more than


75% dwelling units out of total

Year

houses constructed for lower


income groups, 55% out of total
houses

constructed

for

MIG

2001/02
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05

Table: Status of Land Development


Developed land
Undeveloped and under
(hectares)
developed land under use
(hectare)
7744.843
2740.922
7894.843
2591.157
8052.740
2433.000
8213.795
2272.205

groups and similarly 25% for out


of total houses constructed by high-income group housings are constructed without development
permission.
The incessant process of urbanization and rapid industrialization has increased the
population of Rajkot. From 132, 000 in 1951, the population figure rose to 1002000 in 2001 registering a
growth rate of about 759 percent in five decades. Though the population has grown by leaps and bounds
but the corresponding provision of housing facilities has not kept abreast. Shortage of housing facilities
has contributed to the emergence of slums. At present there are 84 (74 recognized + 10 unrecognized)
slum localities with an approximately population of 202371 within city Municipal limit. The slums in
Rajkot are experiencing a faster growth rate than that of the city in 1972-73. There were only 24 slums,
with 4927 nos of households in Rajkot in 1972-73. At present, there are 84 slums with 44914 nos of
households. This indicates an increase of 468 per cent in slum population in just thirty years.
Since the slum population is 2,02,380 and the present population of Rajkot is about one
million, it can be concluded that almost 20 percent of the Rajkot population live in slum areas.
Slum Housing: Most of the slum population resides either in pucca or semi-pucca houses. About
Table: 4.4 Type of Slum Houses
Hutment type
Number
Percentage
Total
Temporary( kutcha)
513
1.15
Semi-Permanent
31971
71.18
Permanent
12430
27.67
Total
44914
100

1.15 per cent resides in huts made of kutcha


(temporary) materials. Generally a house has
one

multi-purpose

room,

kitchen

and

verandah. The roofing material is either local


tile or pre-cast slabs. As indicated above,

71.18 per cent of the hutments in the slums in Rajkot are built of semi-permanent or temporary (kutcha)
material.

3.10 Civic Authorities


The city has 23 election wards and an elected body comprising of 69 members elected at the rate
of 3 members per ward having one female member from each ward. The breakup of councilors works out
as under: General seats

38

 Women councilors

23

 Scheduled caste

4*

 Backward classes

7*

* Out of 4 schedule caste councilors, one is included in the women's group.


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Characteristics of the area

** Out of 7 backward class councilors, two are included in the women's group.
The ward-wise population and break up of the elected representatives in terms of female
councilors, councilors from reserved category as well as from general category is shown in statement
kept at Annexure-A. The elected body is responsible for governing the affairs of the municipal
corporation. The City Corporation has a mayor whose term is for a period of two and half years and for
the first time in the history of Gujarat State by an amendment in law, the mayor has been brought into the
main stream of municipal administration. Unlike many other states in india, the Mayor of Rajkot enjoys
certain powers to effectively carry forward the activities of city government.
The Municipal Corporation's administration is under the control of Municipal Commissioner.
His appointment is made by the State Govt. from time to time. He is assisted by Deputy Municipal
Commissioners and a large work force of Municipal officers and servants to discharge the functions of
the Corporation. The main functions of the corporation are as under:
 Water supply
 Sanitation
 City cleaning and waste disposal
 Health
 Roads
 Streetlights
 Fire brigades
 Parks and gardens
 Library, etc.
Separate department of Drainage is under the administrative control of the City Engineer.

3.11 Status of Legislation


Law is the basic instrument that defines rights and obligations. The legal framework is governing
a particular infrastructure sector development. Regulatory Frame work, means the statutes, rules,
regulations and administrative orders governing for various components of city development strategy.
Legal and regulatory stipulations lay down a framework of planning and management and also
emphasise the governments commitment to improve quality of life of citizens. Though BPMC Act, TP
& UD Act and 74th CAA describes duty, functions and powers for Urban Local Bodies in the state, but it
is also necessary to set a set of such a regulatory frame works which can develop state of art for running
the show as well as total control and command approach for executing infrastructure of the city In the
Gujarat, and particularly for Municipal Corporations there are three legal relevancies are essential to
explore urban infrastructure development and financial resource generation. These are_
1. 74th Constitution Amendment Act ( CAA)
2. Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act,1949
3. Gujarat Town Planning & Urban Development Act, 1976.
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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

Besides there are number of laws, like Food Adulteration Act, Animal cruelty law, the different
legislation enacted in India exclusively for environmental protection and conservation are:
a. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1987
b. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974
c. The Environment Protection Act 1980
d. The Forest Conservation Act 1980
e. The Wildlife Protection Act 1972 and
f.

The Public Liabilities Insurance Act 1991

It may be interesting to note that there are about two hundred laws dealing with environmental protection
both before and after Independence India. The 42nd amendment to the constitution enacted in 1974 has
two Articles (Art 48-A) and (Art 5-IA (g) - throwing the responsibility on the State government and on
every citizen to protect and improve the environment. A study of these laws reveals that a number of
provisions are suggestive and advisory. The Indian Penel Code (IPC Section 270) provides a fine of
Rupees 200/- for creating public nuisance and health hazard and Rupees 500/- for making atmosphere
noxious. Thus adequate Legislations are there but they require proper review for making it more
effective.
74th Constitutional Amendment Act
74th Amendment Bill was passed in December 1992. The Bill was ratified by almost all the
states with few exceptions. It received the assent of the President in April 1993, and came into force on
June 1,1993. However, the Constitution 74th Amendment Act 1992, provides for a period of one year
by way of transition during which time amendments to the existing State Acts have to be carried out so
as to bring provisions of the said Amendments Act.
Salient Features of 74th Constitution Amendment Act 1992
a. The provisions of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act 1992, being pad of the constitution are
applicable to all the States. They are applicable to the union territories also (243-ZB).
b. This Act has conferred powers on the President of India to direct, by a public notification, the
application of this Act to a part of a union territory also with such exceptions and modifications
as he may specify in such notification (243.78 Proviso). The provisions of this 74th Constitution
Amendment Act are not applicable to the scheduled areas specified in Art. 244(1) and the tribal
areas specified in Art. 244(7)
c. Definition of urban areas (243-q (1))
d. Division of municipal area (urban local body) into wards (243-r (1))
e. Composition of each municipal body (243.r (2)
f.

Constitution of ward committees (243-s (1)(2))

g. Levy of taxes and fees (243-x)

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Characteristics of the area

a. The State Legislature is competent to authorize a Municipal Council to levy, collect and
appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to
such limits, (243-X (a))
b. The State Legislature is also empowered to assign to Municipal Council such purposes and
subject to such conditions and limits. (243X(b))
c. The State Legislature is competent to make provisions to allotment of such grants-in-aid to the
Municipality as it may consider necessary, from the Consolidated Fund of the State (243 X(c)).
d. Constitution of funds in the municipal financial administration (243-x(d))
e. Functions & Responsibilities of ULB_ Extract of Twelfth Schedule (Article 243 W) of
Constitution of India
Schedule XII gives the list of functions & responsibilities to Urban Local Bodies as describe below:
1. Urban Planning including town planning
2. Regulation of land-use and construction of buildings
3. Planning for economic and social development
4. Roads and bridges
5. Water Supply for domestic, industrial and commercial purposes
6. Public Health, Sanitation conservancy and solid waste management
7. Fire services
8. Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of ecological aspects.
9. Safeguarding the interests of weaker sections of society, including the handicapped and mentally
retarded
10. Slum improvement and upgradation
11. Urban poverty alleviation
12. Provision of urban amenities and facilities such as forests, gardens, playgrounds
13. Promotion of cultural educational and aesthetic aspects.
14. Burials and burial grounds; cremations, cremation grounds and electric crematoriums.
15. Cattle ponds: prevention of cruelty to animals.
16. Vital statistics including registration of births and deaths,
17. Public amenities including street lighting, parking lots, bus stops and public conveniences
Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act, 1949
In Gujarat, Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act, 1949 was enacted for Municipal
Corporation of Gujarat. The act was amended as Gujarat Act No.21 of 1989 on 05.09.1989, thereafter,
for Municipal Corporations in Gujarat have to function as per the Bombay Provincial Municipal
Corporation Act (Gujarat Amendment) Act, 1989. However, till to day the amendment act is popularly
described as BPMC Act.The Act contents 33 main Chapters, Four Appendixes, and Four schedules.
Chapter IV about administrative set-up while Chapter-V to VIII, largely describes the powers &
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Characteristics of the area

functions including obligatory & discretionary duties of the Corporation as well powers and mode of
contractor and Acquisition of property & disposal of properties.
Relevant sections of BPMC:
Important section of BPMC Act, 1949 in respect to urban infrastructures facilities, taxes etc., are as given
below:
Sr.
No.
1

Relevant Sec.
BPMC Act
Sewerage
Sec.63 (3)
Chapter-VI
Sec.153-155
& Sect.161
Chapter-XII
Sect.161-XII
Sect.157-XII
Sec.176-177
Chapter-XII
Sec.157(2)
Chapter-XII

Sec.168 & 169


Chapter-XII
The Schedule (A)
Chapter-IX

Main contents of the section

Essential Service: Matters to be provided for by the Corporation as


Obligatory duty
Drainage works: Drains to be constructed and kept in repair by the
commissioner
Adoption by corporation of drains and drainage or sewage
Powers for making drains
Maintenance of Drains including pumping station
Sewage Treatment Plant :Appointment of places for emptying of
drains and disposal of sewage
Purchasing Sewage Cleaning Machinery: For the purpose of flushing,
cleaning and emptying the drains, the commissioner may construct or
set up such reservoirs, sluices, engines & other works , as he shall from
time to time deem necessary
Prohibition : Commissioner may close or limit the use of existing
private drains & Vesting & Maintenance of drains for sole use of
properties
Drains & Drainage works: Describes the ways and means of new
drainage network as well public & private bath-room & WC

Environment & Slum Up-Gradation


Sec.280-284G-XVI Declaration of Clearance area besides re-development area
Sec.63/2
Clause for fund allocation of 10% budgeted exp. For the development
Chapter-VI
of backward area.
Sec. 307 -XVIII
Overcrowded dwelling
Sec.308 - XVIII
Unsanitary huts and sheds
Gujarat Town Planning & Urban Development Act, 1976
Gujarat Town Planning & Urban Development Act 1976 enacted, which came in to force from
21st June 1976.The act extended to whole of Gujarat. The GTP & UD Act consist of eight chapters and
124 sections.
TP Schemes Micro Level Planning tools: Section 40 to section 76 describes various provisions in
respect to micro level planning viz., TP scheme largely it contains three parts
1. Draft Scheme
2. Preliminary Stage
3. Final stage
It follows following path
1. Preparation of the Final Scheme by T .P. 0. (Section52/3).
2. Declaration of decision of T.P.O. to parties (Section 54).

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

20

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Characteristics of the area

3. Constitution of the Board of Appeal to hear and decide appeals (Section 55/1)
4. Board of Appeal's decision communicated to TPO (Section 62/2).
5. Sanction of the Final Scheme with or without the modifications (Section 65/lb)
6. Final scheme comes into force (Section 65/2)
Relevant Section of GTP & UD Act-1976 for Infrastructure Development
Table: GTP & UD Act, 1976 relevancy for MC Infrastructure Development
Sr.
No
1

Relevant Sec.
GTP&UD Act,1976 Main contents of the section
Sewerage & Storm Water
12(2)(e)
Proposals for water supply, drainage, sewage disposal, other public
utility amenities and services including supply of electricity and gas
12(2)(n)
23(1)(vi)
40(3)(f)
40(3)(jj)(a)

2.

Finance
23(1)(vi-a)
23(1)(viii)
24(1)
77(1)(b)
77(1)(g)
92

Provisions for preventing or removing pollution of water or air


To execute works in connection with supply of water, disposal of
sewerage and provision of other services and amenities;
Drainage inclusive of sewerage, surface or sub-soil drainage and
sewage disposal
The allotment of land from the total area for roads, garden/O.S.,
infrastructure and plots for sale
To levy and collect such fees for the execution of works referred
above
To enter into contracts, agreements or arrangements
Local authority functioning in the urban development area to pay
contribution to development authority
Sums to be spent for the cost of works
Amount of the cost of infrastructure provided in the area adjacent to
the area
Power of authority to borrow money

********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

21

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

E
Syysstteem
mO
Ovveerrvviieew
Exxiissttiinngg S
w

4
4.1 General

Prior to implementation of underground sewerage project, the city waste was being collected
through surface drainage and was being disposed off in the river Aji which ultimately was meeting at
Aji-II reservoir constructed in down stream of Rajkot city on river Aji . However, as per the guidelines
of Water Pollution Control Board, it is not permissible to dispose off the untreated sewage in natural
courses. Under the circumstances, Rajkot Municipal Corporation started under ground drainage work
phase wise programmes is as under_

Sr
Phase
No
1
Phase-I

Phase-II
(Part-1)

Phase-II
(Part-2)

Phase-III
(Part-1)

Phase-III
(Part-2)

Table:4.1 Phasing of Sewage


City area /coverage

Status of work

Old city area which is admeasuring 69 sq.kms. out of Works are already
completed
between
which 40 sq.kms. had been covered in this phase
1981 to 1994
Old city area which is admeasuring 69 sq.kms. out of Works are proposed to
which 20 sq.kms., which is planned
carry out during 2006
to 2008 period
Old city area which is admeasuring 69 sq.kms. out of Works will be carried
which remaining 9 sq.kms., which is yet to be planned
out during 2008 to
2010 period
Newly merged which is admeasuring 35.86 sq.kms., out Works are proposed to
of which 15 sq.kms., which is planned
be carried out during
2006 to 2008 period
Newly merged which is admeasuring 35.86 sq.kms., out Works will be planned
of which 20.86 sq.kms., which is yet to be planned
and carried out during
2008 to 2010 period

4.2 Rajkot Underground Drainage work - Phase- I & Phase-II


Phase-I & Phase-II Drainage Network : Rajkot Municipal Corporation with the financial assistance
from World Bank, an underground sewerage project was implemented costing Rs.40 crores and the said
project was commissioned in the year 1994. Subsequently, Rajkot Municipal Corporation had taken up
the work of to connect the left out area of with underground drainage system and on completion of
Phase-II ( Part-I) 90% of old city area will be covered under underground sewerage system and balance
area of old city is proposed to be covered during the year 2008-10. The present sewage of old city is
being collected through about 350 Km long collective system with 7 nos. of intermediate pumping
stations. The sewage being pumped to the sewage treatment plant for the treatment, the capacity of the
plant is 44.5 mld, however, it is inadequate to cater the present quantity of sewage about 64 MLD.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

22

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

In 1980-81, the project was conceived for whole city approximately 60 Sq. Kms. area.
However, at that time the development of the city was only in 35 to 40 Sq. kms. & remaining 20 sq.
kms. was Greenfield under the circumstances the project was specified in two parts as under :
Table : 4.2 Phase-I & Phase-II
Zone under Phase-I
( 40 sq. kms. area )
350 kms
450 kms
7 nos.
22 Sets
44.5 mld capacity

Zone under Phase-II


( 20 sq. kms. area )
1. Collective System pipe line
55 kms
2. House connecting pipe line
58 kms
3. Civil work for p.s.
4. Pumping Machinery
11 sets
5. Sewerage Treatment
44.5 mld capacity
(proposed)
6. Rising mains
900 mm dia ps.pipe
900 mm dia ps.pipe line
line 4.16 km
4.16 km
7. Execution cost
Rs.40 Cr.
21 Cr (proposed)
Thus, Rajkot underground sewerage project costing Rs.40 crores covering area around 40 sq.km
of walled city was implemented by Govt. of Gujarat with loan assistance from World Bank during the
period 1984 to 1994 in which, following works were executed with the base year 1980-81.
1.

Collective system and house connections 800 kms

2.

Civil work of pumping station.. 7 nos. in city.

3.

Non-clog C.F.pumping sets .. 22 sets

4.

900 mm dia prestressed concrete rising main 3.5 km long.

5.

44.5 mld capacity sewage treatment plant at Madhapar.

The project was conceived with base year 1980-81 with covering area of old city 69
sq.km. but at that time the city was not fully developed and as such in stage-I the only
developed area covering 40 sq.km was considered splitting the work of pumping machinery,
sewage treatment plant and collective system. The project was prepared by Consultant
M/s.Paramount Pollution Control Pvt.Ltd., Baroda.
Phase-I & II drainage network is divided into 12 nos. of drainage zones and spread over to 20
wards out of 23 wards. However, in certain wards some pockets will yet remain vacant which will be
connected later on.

Sr.No.
1

Table:4.3 Drainage Network (For Old city) Phase-I & II


Description
Phase-I
Phase-II
Collective system pipe line
350 km.
55 km

House connection pipe lines

450 km

58 km

Main manholes

10,000 Nos

2,500 Nos

House connection chambers

1,10,000 Nos

9,518 Nos

Drainage connections

1,60,000 Nos

Pumping stations

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

15,000

23

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

Rajkot Municipal Corporation drainage collective system consisting of 1800 mm dia RCC NP4
Class to as small as 150 mm diameter stoneware. The pipe materials are RCC / prestressed. For house
connections, normally stoneware pipes are used with 100 mm diameter chambers. Some parts of house
connections are given by using PVC pipes. However, PVC pipes are largely discouraged. House
connections are laid about 45 cms to 90 cm below ground level while collective system are laid up to as
much as 2 to 6 mt below ground level.
Pumping Stations: There are seven pumping station which pumps sewage water of city area to
Madhapur Sewage Treatment Plant. The details of pumping stations are as under_
Table:4.4 Details of Pumping Station
Name of pumping station

Pedak road

Capacity in
cum/h

Nos. Of
motor

Stand
by

Power requirement in
HP.

35

30

Bedipara

315

120

Bedinaka

950

200

Geet gurjari society

100

40

Gujarat housing board

215

60

Popatpara small

20

15

Popatpara main

1200

600

Total

22

1065

Phase-I & Phase-II existing Sewage Treatment Plant :


Sewage treatment plant of 44.5 mld capacity, is located 6 kms away from Rajkot. As per the
ongoing project report for ultimate stage requirement the total capacity of plant requires to be kept 90
mld but at the time of implementation the capacity of plant was kept 44.5 mld for Phase-I requirements.
The treatment plant is designed to give full treatment to sewage. Principle process adopted for existing
STP is extended aeration process. The disposal of treated sewage is for irrigation purpose and discharge
in Aji-II reservoir. The details of raw sewage and treated sewage are as follows:
Sr
No

1
2
3
4
5

Table:4.5 Quality of Sewage before & after treatment


Raw Sewage
Treated Sewage
Strong sewage
Normal
Desired as
Results of
during water
sewage
per standard present treated
scarcity period
for irrigation sewage from
STP
Ph
6.5 to 7.5
6.8 to 7.5
5.5 to 9.0
7.8
BOD in ppm
400
200
100
18.20
COD in ppm
1000
630
-100
Total suspended solid in
750
525
200
10
ppm
Total dissolved solids in
2000
1000
2100
800
ppm
Parameter

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

24

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

The Phase-I scheme was conceived with base year population 80-81 and was implemented
during 1984 to 1994. Because of severe water crisis during 1985 to 1988 and excavation in hard rock
the progress was slow.
Subsequently, the city is developed fast and as on 1999-2000 all most all left out area were
developed fully and RMC started the work of Phase-II (Part-I) for approximate in area of 20 sq.km. At
first instant, work of collective system and house connection are taken up on hand in 2000-01 and since
then most of the city area has been covered under underground sewage system. The total quantity of
sewage being generated daily is around 57 to 58 MLD. Under the circumstances, at present, the existing
plant is being over loaded and because of which during the current year Rajkot Municipal Corporation
has decided to augment the capacity of existing plant by 44.5 mld and capacity of pumping machinery
and additional rising main i.e to take up works under Phase-II(Part-I).

4.3 Rajkot Underground Drainage work - Phase- III


As stated earlier, in 1998 the city limit of Rajkot was increased by the government and
approximately 35.86 sq.kms. area of surrounding was merged ( see Annexure 1.3 ). The main areas are
of three urban bodies namely; Nana Mava Raiya and Mavdi. At the time of merger the above areas were
without any kind of infrastructure facilities and as such Rajkot Municipal Corporation has given the
priority to provide all infrastructural facilities to these areas at the estimated cost of Rs.200 crores
approx. For immediate relief to the people residing in this area, at the first instance for scientific
disposal of the sullage water the most of the area has been covered under surface drainage. At present,
most of the area has been covered under the surface drainage temporarily so that hygiene problem may
not arise. Simultaneously a detailed underground drainage project of this area have been conceived in
the year 2000-01 through the consultant.
For this phase- III there is no any Sewage Treatment Plant and hence it is planned to construct
51 MLD sewage treatment plant in said area.

4.4 Rajkot Water Supply


The Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) is making great efforts to provide water supply to the
citizens. RMC is drawing water from various sources viz. Bhadar, Aji-I, Nyari-I, Nyari-II, Lalpari &
Randarda Lake and from Narmada canal based pipeline.
The major sources are Aji-I, Nyari-I, Nyari-II and Bhadar which are described as under:
Aji-I with Twine lake of Lalpari & Randarda Water Supply Scheme: This is the scheme for
the purpose of water supply was constructed by the then Saurashtra State Government. This is the first
water supply scheme serving Rajkot city. After the commissioning of this water supply scheme people
were supplied filter water through house connection for the necessary requirement of water. This
scheme was commenced in 1955 and still it is working. The availability of water from the said reservoir
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

25

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

is for 4.5 mgd i.e. 20.43 MLD. Similarly, Rajkot Municipal Corporation is getting about 1.5 mgd i.e.
6.81 MLD from twin lakes of Lalpari and Randarda. Thus, total quantity available at Aji-I head work in
normal year 20.43 + 6.81 = 27.24 MLD.
Nyari-I Water supply Scheme: Due to strategy and geographic location, Rajkot has attracted
so many people from outside, which resulted in higher demand for water supply. Same demand cannot
be
Sr.
No
1
2

Table: 4.6 Sources of water


Particulars
Aji-1
Nyari-1
Distance form City
Dam Details
Live storage
Dead storage
Total Storage
MCFT

5 kms.

8 kms.

1007
Mcft.
21 Mcft
1028

945
Mcft.
20 Mcft.
965

NyariII
22 Km

Bhadar
65 kms.

fulfilled

by

reservoir.

Aji
Hence

Corporation had decided


to construct a dam near

In

450
45
500

7030
Mcft.
45 Mcft.
7075

Rajkot

city

for

water

supply to fulfill required


additional
water.

demand

of

This is the first

dam owned by Rajkot Municipal Corporation. This scheme commenced in 1975 and the population of
the western part of the city is being served through the said scheme. The present availability of water
from the reservoir is 4.7 mgd, about 1.0 mgd from seepage. Total 5.7 mgd i.e. 25.90 MLD,
Bhadar Water supply Scheme : To provide better sanitary facilities to the public of Rajkot by
means of underground drainage Rajkot Municipal Corporation has implemented water supply scheme
based on Bhadar reservoir located at 60 kms. away from Rajkot.. This scheme is major scheme for the
supply of water to Rajkot city. The scheme was completed within 135 days during the year 1988. The
Bhadar reservoir is for irrigation purpose, however, Government of Gujarat has reserved 10 mgd of
supply in reservoir for drinking purpose to Rajkot and accordingly every year water is being made
available from the said reservoir depending upon the storage available in the reservoir. After
implementation of the said scheme the existing Aji and Nyari system was interconnected with Bhadar so
that water from one zone to another zone could be transferred. At present, the total availability is 45
MLD.
Nyari-II Water Supply Scheme: In 1998 the city limit was extended by the government and
because of which water supply demand of newly merged area had increased by 2.5 mgd. And
accordingly, the State Government had given the reservation of 1.5 mgd in Nyari-2 reservoir and 1.0
mgd from seepage of Nyari-2 and accordingly to cater the demand of newly merged area namely; Nana
Mava, Raiya, and Mavdi, a water supply scheme costing Rs.15 crores was implemented by Rajkot
Municipal Corporation based on Nyari-II reservoir.
Drinking Water from the Narmada Canal : The Government of Gujarat has planned to
implement a water supply scheme based on Narmada reservoir wherein 0.86 MAF quantity has been
reserved for drinking purpose for 12 Districts of State Government. The water supply project based on
Narmada costing Rs.7000 Crore is under implementation with the State Government. In the above water

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

26

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Existing Situation

supply project, the allocation of water for Rajkot city is 160 MLD which is to be obtained from the
Table : 4.7 Zones & Storage Capacity & supply
Zone
ESR/ GSR Capacity Total water Supply
(MLD)
from each headwork
( MLD)
Aji
38
37
Nyari
30
30
Gurukul
20
21
Jubillee
20
19
150 ring road
35
33
TOTAL
143
140

section-A

i.e.

Dhodhidhaja

Dwarka

pipeline

project.

However, the said segment of the


project is yet to be implemented
and as such as a temporary
measure Government of Gujarat
have planned to supply 75 MLD

of quantity to Rajkot from the section- Maliya Jamnagar. Water from Bhadar , after treating water at
Ribda is transmitted to the underground sumps at Gurukul and Jubillee water distribution Stations.
At Aji head works, water from available Aji dam, Lalpari & Randarda lake and Narmada pipe
line is being filtered at Aji and same is being stored and transmitted to Dudhsagar sub head works,
150ring road., Mavdi headworks and Jubillee water distribution stations .
Water from Nyari-1 dam is being supplied, after treatment at Nyari filter plant to Nyari zone
which includes sub zones like sojitranagar ESR etc.,
Water collected from Nyari-2 dam is treated at Ghanteshwar filter plant and supplied through
sub-zones Bajrangwadi. Water. Main pipe lines are of Mild Steel, PS , and AC Pressure line ranges
from 900 mm to 450 mm as main. Distribution networks is of AC pressure pipe line with diameter 450
mm to 80 mm. Total length of Transmission line is about 250 kms. The total distribution network length
excluding the transmission lines is 1375 kms.
Table : 4.8 Water supply Distribution Net works
Details
Unit
Number of Zones
5
Number of Sub zones
11
Mains line length
105 kms.
Distribution line length
1350 kms.

A total storage capacity of

202

million liters is available in the form of


underground sumps and overhead service
reservoirs at various water works and other
distribution stations. The storage capacity

adequacy of all the water distribution stations to the total water supply is 144 percent.

 Mode of supply : Intermittent 20 minute daily by zoning


 Rate of Supply : 110 LPCD to 125 LPCD proposed to have 150 LPCD
 Present total city water supply : 150 MLD
*******

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III ( Part-I ) for Rajkot city

27

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Extent of Privatization

E
Exxtteenntt ooff P
Prriivvaattiissaattiioonn

5.1 Privatisation experience of RMC


The local bodies of our country are facing major problem of lack of financial and human
resources to manage the breakneck growth of the cities. Few years back Rajkot was also experiencing
the same. It is then that the corporation took some of the timely and bold measures to combat the
problems, which have emerged with the wake of urbanisation. The Corporation has now pioneered
the art of "Privatisation". NGOs have been involved in the services like Crematorium, Dispensaries,
Libraries, Planetarium, Science Centre etc. while the contractors are involved in Parks, Solid Waste
Management, Street Lights Maintenance, water supply & under ground drainage treatment plant,
Security and Amusement Parks. This has opened new avenues for the corporation to reduce the
establishment of expenditure while allowing for better management and quality services.
Situation before the initiative

Resource constraints obstructed the initiatives of Corporation to solve various


problems related to the increasing size and pressures of its growth.

The tax structure in Rajkot Municipal Corporation has also remained static over the
years coupled with the political problems attached with raising the taxes.

This

resulted in low leverage to augment finances.


Strategy adopted

Privatisation of high priority services was introduced to supplement the existing


service delivery. The experience gained in initiating the private sector involvement
and later in managing and supervising the works has helped the Corporation to evolve
standard tender documents.

Involvement of the private sector demanded larger vigilance and monitoring.


It required:
1. Setting the duties of contractor, the rates of work and evaluation
procedure.
2. Advertising the tender and hiring the competent contractor.
3. Monitoring activities of contractor.
4. Getting the work done as per contract under the supervision of staff.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase- II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot city

28

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Extent of Privatization

The following services have been privatised till now:


A. Solid Waste Management
B. Street Lights
C. Water Supply and Drainage Pumping Station treatment plants and
Pipelines
D. Collection of Toll Taxes and Serving of Tax bills
E. Security Guards
F. Maintenance of Gardens & Entertainment Projects
G. Mobile Clinic
H. Telephone EPABX and Xerox Service
J. Maintenance of Public Toilets
K. Drainage Complaint Cell Management

5.2 Operation of Drainage Pumping Stations


At present, sewage is conveyed to treatment plant through under ground pipe network with
the help of pumping. There are seven pumping stations are located in different area to pump the
sewage. Out of seven pumping station, operation and maintenance of six pumping station is given to
the private contractor, and remaining is operated through RMC employee. The maintenance of six
sewerage pumping station is given under service contract by calling for tenders on yearly basis. In the
six pumping station where privatization has been induced, RMCs liability is reduced to mere
payment of electric bill and replacement of major parts. At each pumping station the contractor has to
provide one electrician and one helper per shift. Monitoring and regulatory supervision of contractors
work is carried out by the Assistant engineer and Deputy executive engineer.

Total cost incurred in operating and maintaining the six pumping station is fixed on shift
basis. It is estimated that Rs 17.75 lacs per year for the running maintenance and operation cost of 7
pumping station, which means per pumping station per year the average cost comes to 2.54 lacs. We
assume that pumping station is operated on an average for two shifts per day. So total average cost per
shift per pumping station is comes to Rs. 350 only.

5.3 Privatization of Public Grievance Cell of Drainage Department


Recently, RMC has taken further step in involvement of private sector in delivery of urban
services. The complain sale of drainage department is privatized by RMC. For ward no. two to eight,
Responding and redressal to complain is given to private contractor. As per contract, the contractor
has to ensure quick reddressal of complains regarding the drainage services in ward no. two to eight.
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase- II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot city

29

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Extent of Privatization

It is observed that total no. of complaint received in ward no. two to eight was 58441 for eight
months.
Sr.
No.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10
11.
12.
13

Table:5.1 No of Complaints
Month
No. of Complaints

April 05
5320
May 05
4030
June 05
6549
July 05
5141
August 05
4243
September 05
4746
October 05
4268
November 05
4190
December 05
4871
January 06
5038
February 06
4769
March 06
5276
Total
58441
Note:
10% of complaint is of Main line
90% of complaint is of House connection chamber.
The cost for Main line complaint is Rs 250 per complain,
while for house connection is Rs 25 per complain.

Total expenditure incurred to redressal of the complains was Rs 27.76 lacs for financial year
2005-06. The contractors works remain satisfactory. Previously, response and redressing of complain
was took four to five days and some time complain never attended. But after the task is assigned to
the private contractor, the response and redressing of complain becomes fast. So by privatizing, RMC
achieves efficiency in managing complains as well as cost savings.

5.4 Scope for further Privatization


Experience of Rajkot Municipal Corporation shows that by privatizing many services cost
effectiveness as well as quality of services improved. Sanitation service has also good potentiality to
involve private sector. Recently Rajkot Municipal Corporation has successfully privatized the
complaint cell and operation and maintenance of drainage pumping station. To further involve private
sector, sanitation service can be un bundled in to following sub sector.

1) Issue and collection of bill on service contract base.


2) Operation and maintenance of collection system on management contract base.
3) Construction of collection network on concession base.
4) Construction, operation and maintenance of waste water treatment plant on concession base.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase- II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot city

30

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Extent of Privatization

A) Issue and collection of bill:


Issuing of bills and collection of the billing amount can be privatized on service contract
basis. For performing the given task, private contractor will receives the prefix amount. Preference
should be given to the reputed well known organization to award contract. Following points should be
considered in designing the service contract.

The contractor has to develop billing and collection system which includes issuing of bills,
collection of payments, necessary supervision and development and updating of database.

The minimum collection target must be designed based on the past experience.

The contractor has to deposit the all collected amount whether cash, cheques or in other form
on the same day of receipt.

The contractor is liable for any loss of money.

Incentive fee should be given to the contractor for the over and above minimum collection
target.

Penalty clause also designed for the not achieving the minimum target.

To evaluate the performance of the contractor, contractor has to submit performance report
every month.

At the end of contract duration all the updated database must be submitted to RMC.

Contract can be terminated at any time if RMC fills that the performance of contractor is not
up to the mark.

B) Operation and Maintenance of collection and conveyance system:


The operation and maintenance contract should be given on management contract basis. In
this form of contract the liability for the capital investment remains with RMC and the repairing and
maintenance expense will be born by the contractor. The contract covers all the Operation and
Maintenance and necessary repairs including predictive, preventive and corrective maintenance
activities for all the assets assigned to the contractor. In this form of contract, the ownership of all the
assets remains within the employer. The contract should be awarded under competitive situation. In
designing the contract following point should be kept in mind.

As the operation and maintenance of sanitation service requires skill personnel as well as
special equipment, the contractor has to employ qualified personnel and must have required
equipment.

The contractor shall not make any capital expenditure on the sanitation service.

The contractor must submit the monthly maintenance report.

The contractor must pay in timely manner to his employees as per minimum labour wages.

The contractor has to carry out the necessary repairs within the predefined time as soon as he
receives complaints.

Failing to repair in stipulated time will be liable for the penalty.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase- II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot city

31

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Extent of Privatization

In case of emergency, the contractor has to carry out the necessary repairing work as directed
by the RMC.

If RMC fills the working of contractor is unsatisfactory, the contract can be terminated.

C) Construction of collection network and treatment plant for newly merged area:
The construction of collection network and waste water treatment plant for newly merged
area should be given to the private sector either on concession basis or forming joint venture
Company with private sector. If the contract is given on concessionary base, then the total capital
investment as well as expenditure for operation and maintenance for the service will be born by the
private sector. At the end of contractual period (usually 25 to 30 years) the whole system should be
handed over to the RMC. During the contract period all necessary charges should be levied by the
contractor.

********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase- II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot city

32

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

D
Deettaaiilleedd E
Ennggiinneeeerriinngg D
Deessiiggnn-- C
Ciivviill

6.1 Drainage Phase-II (Part -1)


The underground drainage project of Rajkot city costing Rs.36.00 crores was sanctioned by
the government and was implemented by GWSSB with the financial assistance of World Bank in the
year 1982-83, the said project was framed considering the part of the city area developed at that time.
The majority of the peripheral area of the city were not developed and as such these areas were
proposed to be considered in Phase-II work and were not incorporated in the cost estimate, however,
the detailed design was carried out by GWSSB for the whole area of the city so that as and when
needed the remaining area could be connected with drainage project. The execution Phase-I of the
project was carried out by GWSSB in the year 1984-85 and was completed in the year 1992-93. The
main causes of delay in the work are acute scarcity of water during 1985 to 1988 and excavation in
hard rock. The project was commissioned successfully in the year 1994. In Phase-I the following
works were completed and commissioned.

Collective system with house connections almost in 40 sq.km area

Civil work for 7 pumping stations

providing and erecting pumping machinery suitable for stage-I requirement Total 22 sets

900 mm dia PSC rising main from main pumping station to STP through field.

44.5 MLD capacity sewerage treatment plant with disposal arrangement with 50% capacity
As on date, the said scheme is in working condition and same is under maintenance with

Rajkot Municipal Corporation. So far, Rajkot Municipal Corporation has given about 1,60,000 house
connections sewage is being treated in the existing plant at Madhapar. The part of the work of zone-311 was carried out by Rajkot Municipal Corporation from its own fund with the cost of rs.4 crores.
Thus, the total expenditure incurred on Phase-I work is around Rs.40 crores and Rajkot Municipal
Corporation is making repayment of the loan regularly.
As stated above, the original project was framed with the development of the city up to 1980
but subsequent to 1980, all the peripheral areas have been developed fully and are now required to be
connected with the existing drainage system, as the system has been designed to cater the whole area
of the city. And accordingly, Rajkot Municipal Corporation has taken up the Phase-II (Part-I) work in
a phase manner onward 2000 from support of the budget allocation. So far, approximately, works to
the tune of Rs.400 lacs has been completed and commissioned. In Phase-II (Phase-I), the following
works are yet to be carried out:
1. The work of collective system with house connection in approximately 20 sq.km area
2. Installation of pumping machinery for additional load 11 sets
3. Extension of existing sewerage treatment plant by 44.5 mld
4. Power connection
5. Compound wall and area development
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6. Work of Rising Mains


The design criteria for collecting system, pumping stations, Treatment Plant in Phase-II
(Part-I) and Phase-III ( Part-I) are adopted as per CPHEEO Manual on Sewerage and Sewage
Treatment (Second Edition)

6.2 Drainage Phase-II (Part-1) Sewage Treatment Plant of 44.50 MLD


First phase sewerage was commissioned in 1994 covering 65 % of old city limits and
Second Phase covering remaining 35% of the old city limits is on verge of completion and ready to
commission by March 2006. Till 2001 the STP at Madhapar was receiving about 45 mld flows, which
was in line with rated capacity of 44.5 mld capacity STP at Madhapar. Now this STP is receiving
about 60 mld flow and it is projected that implementation of the network in entire area of old city
limits would generate flows of about 89 mld requiring augmentation of existing Sewage Treatment
Plant (STP) at Madhapar by 44.5 mls capacity. There exists 6 auxiliary Sewage Pumping Stations
(SPSs) and discharging wastewater into gravity sewer leading to Terminal SPS at Madhapar. Hence,
construction of STP shall be completed as early as possible.
Since RMC has already set up STP at Madhapar, staff is familiar with various aspects of the
same and hence salient features of the STP are Madhapar shall be looked into prior to formulating
process design of new STP at Raiya. The basic principle followed for the existing Sewage Treatment
Plant at Madhapar is facultative lagoons followed by extended aeration system. The areas of concern
were ease of operation, maintenance, low energy cost and sustainability of the process with shock
loads.
Existing Sewage Treatment Plant and Disposal Facilities
To cater to the flows from phase I & II sewerage system, a STP of 44.5 mld has been set up at
Madhapar. The plant is functional since 1994. It is based on facultative lagoons and total power
consumption is of the order of 600 HP. Sewage is admitted to inlet chamber and screened prior to
undergoing physical treatment. Grit Chamber removes the heavy grit particles and then sewage is
admitted to facultative lagoons. Here, the sewage undergoes biological treatment by facultative and
micro-aerophil bacteria for 1.5 days. Then sewage is admitted to extended aeration tank, wherein, it is
aerated for suspended growth aerobic treatment. Clarifiers have been constructed to settle biological
solids and to achieve desired effluent standards. Sludge is being returned to aeration tank to maintain
Mixed Liquor Suspended Solids (MLSS) concentration above 2000 mg/l.
Proposed Sewage Treatment Plant
It is proposed to construct 44.5MLD capacity STP at Madhapur just near to existing plant.
The process design of the plant is adopted conventional activated sludge process.

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Design Criteria for STP


The design characteristics for the Madhapur STP arrived at on basis of the statistical analysis
of the result of the inlet concentration (samples collected and analysed by RMC) at Madhapar STP
over last eight months. The data is annexed as Annexure: It was decided to adopt BOD value of 200
mg/l and SS concentration of 525 mg/l for the design purpose in earlier report, which fairly matches
with the data available. Following design parameters are adopted for the design of STP.
Raw sewage characteristics
Parameter

Value for Design purpose

pH value

Unit

6.8-9.1

SS

525 mg/l

COD

630 mg/l

BOD

200 mg/l

Alkalinity

185 mg/l

Sulphates

110 mg/l

Phosphates

10 mg/l

Total Kjeldah Nitrogen

16.8 mg/l

Ammonical Nitrogen

15 mg/l

Organic Content in grit

4 mg/l

O&G

15 mg/l

Treated sewage characteristics

Parameter

Value for Design purpose

Unit

pH value

6-9

SS

< 100

mg/l

COD

< 100

mg/l

BOD

< 30

mg/l

O&G

< 10

mg/l

* Pre-1995 discharge norms prescribed 30 mg/l SS and 20 mg/l BOD value, which was duly
revised as above.

Observation on raw sewage characteristics


RMC has awarded O & M contract to private operator and a procedure has been established
to collect data on various parameters of raw sewage for last year. Data for the months of February
through September are taken in to consideration.
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From the analysis, it is observed that the concentration of Suspended Solids (SS) is very high
during morning hours. Data recorded for morning session 0830 to 0930 indicates SS concentration as
high as 2000 mg/l. This is peculiar situation in semi-urban area experiencing scarcity of water,
wherein major water intensive activities are at halt during evening and late night hours leading to
deposition of solids in to sewers. These get re-suspended during peak flow, which takes place in
morning session. Volume of solids to be handled would be enormously high and special attention
must be given to this aspect, particularly sludge storage/sump and handling equipment like pump sets
and/or classifier mechanism. However, this is not accompanied by steep rise in BOD values. Hence,
shock load will not have significant effect on aerator (oxygenation equipment). But sludge production
would vary on hourly basis and hence retention time of the sludge sump would be decided
accordingly.
Analysis of various treatment processes
Numbers of processes are in vogue for treatment of domestic sewage (municipal wastewater).
This ranges from physico-chemical process to direct oxidation process (zimpro process) for treatment
of wastewater. However, physico-chemical processes are generally used for small capacity plants, in
particular, industrial plants. Physical process followed by biological process and purely biological
processes are more popularly used world over. Each system has its own cutting edge features for
selection of particular process for some region and respective time context. Physical process followed
by biological process and purely biological process are predominantly used in India and Gujarat
region.
Best examples for STPs based on physical process followed by biological process are
conventional activated sludge process (suspended growth), trickling filter (attached growth), and
anaerobic lagoons followed by facultative lagoons etc.. Best examples for biological processes are
facultative lagoons followed by extended aeration lagoons, Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket
(UASB) followed by polishing lagoons etc.
Selection of best process suitable for sewage generated in Rajkot would be governed by
number of factors. However, attributes for selecting suitable treatment process will decide the
treatment steps. Major attributes are enlisted hereunder.
1.

Ease of construction

2.

Simplicity of system requiring less equipment

3.

Ease of operation and maintenance

4.

Availability of spare parts for trouble free O & M

5.

Reliability of process:
i.

well established design criteria

ii. proven process parameters


iii. established kinetics

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iv. amenable to control


v. ability to absorb shock loads
6.

Need of skilled/ unskilled staff

7.

Nuisance potential from mosquitoes/ fly/ odour

8.

Ease of access to components of the system for repairs and maintenance

9.

Safety of operating/ maintenance personnel

Apart from above factors, raw sewage characteristics also play an important role. Availability
of skilled personnel and spare parts will play major role while selecting the process. Amongst selected
processes, its Capex and Opex, capitalized cost and financial sensitivity will govern the finally
selected process.

In view of above aspects, following processes have been evaluated.


1)

Conventional Activated Sludge Process (with & without power generation)

2)

Facultative Lagoons followed by Extended Aeration (with & without power generation)

3)

Anaerobic Lagoons followed by facultative lagoons

4)

UASB (with & without power generation)

Each alternative is analysed with its capital cost (Capex), operation & maintenance cost (Opex),
energy charges, resource recovery (power generation), financial sensitivity (capitalized cost with
different IRR). Subsequent chapters address the design of each unit of the STP and above factors.
Operation of STP depends upon so many factors. But introduction of advanced tools like PLC/ microcontroller/ micro-processor based process control systems would enhance control over process and
also achieve the energy saving. Developed countries have fully automated plants and unit operations,
which has got very high O & M cost. Hence, emphasis has been made to introduce modern tools
suitable for Indian condition. Few of the areas of automation suggested are:
Aerator operation: DO levels in the tank shall be maintained at 2 mg/l. during lean flow
period, if it exceeds, number of aerators to be stopped on rotation basis could be introduced. Also
diminished level of DO would give alarm for attention of the aeration unit.
Pumping operation: Level based sensor to start/off the pumps on rotation basis.

Flow measurement: Flow entering into each battery depends upon the sizing of the gates, as
built levels etc. Even though, the gate opening is proper, flow distribution is likely to vary. Hence, to
measure the flow entering to each unit is crucial information to decide the performance of the same
and rectification thereof for process control.

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Civil Designs

A) Conventional Activated Sludge Process (Casp)


This process is based on suspended growth system. Raw sewage is admitted to the inlet
chamber for further processing for removal of large particles. Floating matter are trapped in the screen
and removed with help of rack mechanism and put to conveyor belt for disposal through collection
vehicle. Grit is removed in grit chamber and then sewage is admitted to Primary Clarifier for physical
settling process. After primary settling, sewage undergoes biological process wherein biomass is
activated to consume the BOD and biodegradable matter is converted to carbon dioxide and water
vapor with help of aerobic bacteria. Level of dissolved oxygen and mixed liquor suspended solids are
maintained with help of return sludge from secondary clarifier. Food to microbe ratio, substrate, mean
cell resident time, decay rate of bacteria to enhance growth of aerobic biomass is maintained apart
from aeration. After aeration, biomass attains saturation level of activity and then admitted to
secondary clarifier for settling of biomass and accumulation of sufficient quantity of return sludge to
help activation of biomass in aeration tank. Sludge produced is returned and wasted through raw
sludge pump house or digester, wherein biomass is digested anaerobic ally and sludge concentration is
increased from 1-2 % to 6-8%. Supernatant is returned back to PST for treatment. Sludge from
digester is taken to centrifuge or filter press or sludge drying beds prior to final disposal and
utilization as manure. Filtrate from drying beds/filter press/centrifuge would be returned to PST for
further treatment. Bio-gas generated in digester could be taken to Gas Holder and utilized for power
generation or flared. Description of functional requirement of each unit for CASP is discussed in
brief.

1)

Inlet Chamber

2)

Screen Chamber

3)

Detritor

4)

Parshall Flume

5)

Primary Clarifier (PC)/Primary Settling Tank (PST)

6)

Aeration Tank

7)

Secondary Clarifier (SC)/Secondary Settling Tank (PST)

8)

Raw sludge pump house

9)

Return sludge pump house

10)

Filtrate pump house

11)

Sludge digester

12)

Gas holder

13)

Sludge drying beds/ filter press/ centrifuge

14)

Dual-Fuel gas engines/ gas flaring system

First three units are considered to be Preliminary Treatment Units. 4th, 5th and 6th are
secondary treatment units and remaining are supporting units for MWwTPs. Though all the units are
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designed to handle peak flows and other loadings, sludge digesters need to be designed for sufficient
solids loading for effective functioning in the view of the high concentration of SS.
1.

INLET CHAMBER : An Inlet Chamber is provided as receiving unit to STP with special

arrangements. In case of normal operations, the sewage will be diverted to STP and in case of
eventuality/ repair/ maintenance, a bypass arrangement is provided for discharge of sewage into
receiving body.
2.

SCREEN CHAMBER : Screening is an essential step in treatment of sewage to facilitate

removal of large size floating materials like rags, plastics, tobacco pouches, wooden pieces etc. which
otherwise would damage pumps and interfere with the performance of the subsequent units. This
consists of bars placed parallel in vertical or inclined system across the flow to trap the floating
material. Generally 20 mm spacing is considered to be adequate for STPs. However, considering the
problem of pouches of tobacco passing thru it parallel to flow, finere screens with spacing of 12 mm
followed in mesh pattern are in vogue. 50 mm x 10 mm thick flats are considered to be standard
practice in India. Timer based racking mechanism cleans the screen periodically and put the
screenings to belt conveyor system. Material is conveyed to collection van provided beneath the end
of the belt conveyor for final disposal. CI Gates upstream and downstream to the screen are provided
to control flow.

3.

DETRITOR :Detritus Tank popularly known as detritor is provided after screen to remove

heavy inorganic fraction of the sewage prior to physical and biological process. Difference in settling
velocities between organic and organic content due to specific gravity is the basic principle followed
to design the unit. Grit consists coarse sand particles, ash, clinker, egg shells and silt coated by
organic matter (generally marginalized group use silt/ash for washing of utensils) etc. Grit is
considered to be non-putrescible possessing higher hydraulic subsidence value than organic matter.
Grit removal, if not done, causes abnormal wear and tear to mechanical parts, scrappers/ pumps/
aerators etc. With proper hydraulic design, grit can be effectively removed from the sewage. To
prevent loss of useful organic content and to prevent emanation of highly malodorous emissions from
the removed grit, grit classifier based on reciprocating mechanism is provided.

4.

PRIMARY CLARIFIER (PC)/PRIMARY SETTLING TANK (PST) :PST removes organic

matter (SS), scum and reduce BOD in quiescent condition. Brownian motion and settling
characteristics of solids supported by proper overflow rate and weir loading rate enhances
settlement of solids. It also settles BOD (integral part of SS) and hence reduces BOD load on
subsequent units. Reduction in BOD load will have great effect on power consumption.
Plastics escaped from the screen and grit chamber would float on surface and can be removed
by scum arm provided at top. Various functional parts like inlet, baffle, scrapper, outlet weir,
sludge removal, telescopic valve, scum box are major components of the PST.

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5.

Civil Designs

AERATION TANK : Microbes present in sewage can consume substrate (biodegradable

organic matter) if favorable pH value and oxygen is available for faster consumption of organic
matter. This unit is heart of the process. Various parameters are controlled to maximize efficiency.
Food to microbe ratio, power level, MLSS, means cell residence time, decay rate, volumetric loading,
organic loading etc. Washout of microbes must be avoided. It is desirable to maintain DO level at 2
mg/l, which may diminish to 0.5 mg/l as an alarming level. Growth of filamentous bacteria and
Nocardia must be avoided and controlled. Sufficient HRT shall be maintained to prevent washout.
Entire biomass gets activated in this system by means of suspended growth. Microbes can move to
any place within reactor to get food and balance struck between microbes and substrate facilitates
conversion of organic matter into active biomass.
6.

SECONDARY CLARIFIER (SC)/SECONDARY SETTLING TANK (SST) :SST permits activated

biomass to settle in form of sludge and sludge settled is pumped back to aeration tank to maintain
MLSS. Due to highly active biomass, lumps of biomass are formed and higher ratio of volume to
surface area enhances the settlement. Now, major portion of organic content is converted into
biomass, which is settled as sludge. Supernatant comprise very low BOD and SS and other
parameters. In case the treated sewage is to be discharged into natural water body, the parameters
comply with the norms prescribed by pollution control board.
However, in case treated sewage is to be reused for some purpose like gardening, recreational
activities, tertiary treatment shall be given.
7.

RAW SLUDGE PUMP HOUSE :Raw sludge accumulated in PST is generally put to SDB or

sludge digester. Considering low volumes, this is very small units and used as control room for PTU.
8.

RETURN SLUDGE PUMP HOUSE :Performance of aeration tank depends upon effective

function of this pump house. Generally return flow varies from 25 % to 50 % depending upon
concentration of sludge. Considering its functional importance, 100% standby pump sets are
provided in this unit.
9.

FILTRATE PUMP HOUSE : Filtrate from sludge drying bed/filter press/centrifuge contains

high BOD and SS and hence prior to disposal into natural water body, it shall be treated. Filtrate
pump house pumps back filtrate to the inlet chamber of PST and hence only treated sewage is
discharged from the STP. Though quantity of filtrate is very low in terms of percentage, overall
quantum is in terms of few thousand liters and hence it must be treated prior to discharge.
10.

SLUDGE DRYING BEDS/ FILTER PRESS/ CENTRIFUGE : Digested or raw sludge is dewatered

and converted to utilizable form of sludge cake for manure. Sludge drying bed is most common form
of concentrating the sludge and it is most common practice in India.
11.

SLUDGE DIGESTER : Digestion of sludge is achieved in this unit to break the long chains and

convert it to simple form ready to use as manure for improved absorbance as nutrient and reduce the
harmful effects on environment. Initially, design of digester with mechanical mixing of sludge posed
serious problems of civil structure and blasting. This has been overcome with help of gas mixing
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system, being used in India for more than 10 years with satisfactory performance. Sludge volume also
reduces in this system and area required for sludge reduces to a great extent.
12.

GAS HOLDER :Gas produced in digester is collected here for further utilization like power

generation with uniform feeding to Dual-Fuel Engines or flaring.


13.

DUAL-FUEL GAS ENGINES/ GAS FLARING SYSTEM : Gas produced in the digester is

enriched with methane and high calorific value. Dual fuel engines capable of using gas (80-90%) and
diesel (20-10%) can yield power sufficient to run more than half of the operations of the STP. Though
it is very attractive, STPs initially set up with an objective to have captive power generation either in
CASP or UASB has not been successful on large scale.
Above steps briefly describes preliminary aspects of various process units. Sufficient details
are discussed about basic principles and area of attention for successful performance of the STP based
on CASP. There are many more forms of the CASP like continuous flow (as described above), plug
flow, Sequential Batch Reactor etc., but this is most common form easy to maintain and operable and
adopted in India.
This process is having following advantages
1)

Rajkot is commercial capital Saurashtra region attracting number of skilled personnel


and hence availability of skilled labor/ personnel is not a problem for this process

2)

Availability of spare parts is also not a problem since all the equipments like
scrapper, aerator are already installed in existing STP and RMC officials are familiar
with the equipment and are easily available

3)

Process is having high level of reliability, well established reaction kinetics,


amenability to control, can absorb shock loads.

4)

Less potential of nuisance from mosquitoes/ fly/ odour

5)

Easy access to components of the system for repairs and maintenance

6)

More safety of operating/ maintenance personnel

7)

Since the process is proven world wide, construction techniques are known and
hence easy to construct (the word conventional itself suggests its large scale
acceptability)

8)

Easy to maintain the process parameters

9)

Area requirement is very low amongst all 4 processes under consideration. Hence,
future expansion is possible, particularly in urban area like Rajkot where land is
scarce.

Disadvantages of the process are:


1)

Sludge digesters pose operational problems due to moving mechanical parts- some of the
municipal authorities had overcome this problem by using non-moving mechanical
mixers. E.g. Vadodara, Delhi

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

2)

Civil Designs

Skilled personnel (biologist) are required to maintain process parameters like MLSS, BOD,
COD, SS etc.
Unit Sizing: Conventional Activated Sludge Process
All dimensions are in m unless otherwise specified

Sr.

Name of Process Unit

Size of the unit

Power

rqnt

(W+SB) HP
1

Preliminary Treatment Units


Inlet Chamber

1 No., 6.5 x 4.5 x 3.3

Screen Chamber

2 Nos., 11 x 1.5 x 1.5

6+6

Grit Chamber

3 Nos., 8 x 8 x 1.1

6+3

Parshall Flume

1200 mm throat As per Int.

Primary Clarifier

2 Nos., 32.5 dia 3.85 ht

6+0

Aeration Tank

2 Nos., 36 x 72 x 4.15

400+0

Secondary Clarifier

2 Nos., 37 dia 3.5 ht

3+3

Raw Sludge Pump House

1 No., 4.5 dia, 6 m ht

15+15

Return Sludge Pump House

1 No., 17.5 dia, 6 m ht

60+(30+30)

Filtrate Pump House

1 No., 3.5 dia, 5 m ht

5+5

Sludge Drying Beds

28 Nos., 20 x 20 without digester,

10

Nos.

with

digester
9

Sludge Digester

2 No., 24 dia, 11 ht

50+50

10

Gas Holder

2 Nos., 20 dia, 6 ht.

6+0

11

Power Generator

18 x 12 x 6

-405

B) Facultative Lagoons followed by Extended Aeration (FLEA) : This process is


based on suspended growth system. Raw sewage is admitted to the inlet chamber for further
processing for removal of large particles. Floating matter are trapped in the screen and removed with
help of rack mechanism and put to conveyor belt for disposal through collection vehicle. Grit is
removed in grit chamber and then sewage is admitted to facultative lagoon for biological process.
Here biomass is supplied with limited quantity of oxygen to support facultative microbes, which can
survive at lower DO level. After facultative treatment, sewage undergoes aerobic biological process
wherein biomass is activated to consume the BOD and biodegradable matter is converted to carbon
dioxide and water vapor with help of aerobic bacteria. Level of dissolved oxygen and mixed liquor
suspended solids are maintained with help of return sludge from settling lagoon. Food to microbe
ratio, substrate, mean cell resident time, decay rate of bacteria to enhance growth of aerobic biomass

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is maintained apart from aeration. After extended aeration, biomass attains saturation level of activity
and then admitted to settling lagoon for settling of biomass and accumulation of sufficient quantity of
return sludge to help activation of biomass in extended aeration tank. Sludge produced is returned to
extended aeration tank or put through sludge digester and/or directly to sludge drying beds/filter
press/centrifuge, wherein biomass is dried and sludge concentration is increased. Filtrate from drying
beds/filter press/centrifuge would be returned to facultative lagoon for further treatment.
Description of functional requirement of each unit for FLEA is discussed in brief.
1)

Inlet Chamber

2)

Screen Chamber

3)

Detritor

4)

Parshall Flume

5)

Facultative Lagoons (FL)

6)

Aerobic Lagoon (AL)

7)

Secondary Clarifier (SC)/Secondary Settling Tank (PST)/ Settling Lagoon

8)

Return sludge pump house

9)

Filtrate pump house

10)

Sludge digester

11)

Gas holder

12)

Sludge drying beds/ filter press/ centrifuge

13)

Dual-Fuel gas engines/ gas flaring system

First three units are considered to be Preliminary Treatment Units. 4th, 5th and 6th are secondary
treatment units and remaining are supporting units for MWwTPs.
1.

INLET CHAMBER : An Inlet Chamber is provided as receiving unit to STP with special

arrangements. In case of normal operations, the sewage will be diverted to STP and in case of
eventuality/ repair/ maintenance, a bypass arrangement is provided for discharge of sewage into
receiving body.
2.

SCREEN CHAMBER :Screening is an essential step in treatment of sewage to facilitate

removal of large size floating materials like rags, plastics, tobacco pouches, wooden pieces etc. which
otherwise would damage pumps and interfere with the performance of the subsequent units. This
consists of bars placed parallel in vertical or inclined system across the flow to trap the floating
material. Generally 20 mm spacing is considered to be adequate for STPs. However, considering the
problem of pouches of tobacco passing thru it parallel to flow, finere screens with spacing of 12 mm
followed in mesh pattern are in vogue. 50 mm x 10 mm thick flats are considered to be standard
practice in India. Timer based racking mechanism cleans the screen periodically and put the
screenings to belt conveyor system. Material is conveyed to collection van provided beneath the end
of the belt conveyor for final disposal. CI Gates upstream and downstream to the screen are provided
to control flow.
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3.

Civil Designs

DETRITOR : Detritus Tank popularly known as detritor is provided after screen to remove

heavy inorganic fraction of the sewage prior to physical and biological process. Difference in settling
velocities between organic and organic content due to specific gravity is the basic principle followed
to design the unit. Grit consists coarse sand particles, ash, clinker, egg shells and silt coated by
organic matter (generally marginalized group use silt/ash for washing of utensils) etc. Grit is
considered to be non-putrescible possessing higher hydraulic subsidence value than organic matter.
Grit removal, if not done, causes abnormal wear and tear to mechanical parts, scrappers/
pumps/ aerators etc. With proper hydraulic design, grit can be effectively removed from the sewage.
To prevent loss of useful organic content and to prevent emanation of highly malodorous emissions
from the removed grit, grit classifier based on reciprocating mechanism is provided.
4.

FACULTATIVE LAGOON : Sewage traveling long distances generally turns septic while

entering into STP and presence of anaerobic and facultative bacteria dominates the system.
Conversion of this condition to aerobic condition is power intensive and hence concept of developing
facultative culture for biological process of sewage was conceived. Here low level of DO is
maintained and thus odor emanation is eliminated. Generally HRT ranges from 1 to 3 days and STPs
in Mumbai are set up on this principle. Then sewage undergoes further treatment in aerobic lagoons.
5.

AEROBIC LAGOON : After facultative process, microbes can survive aerobic condition and

are activated to consume maximum substrate. Aerobic bacteria dominate the system. Power level is
almost double as compared to facultative one. Sludge from settling tank is returned to this lagoon to
maintain MLSS. Generally mixing requirement governs the design rather than oxygen demand as in
case of CASP since HRT is comparatively very high. Here the biomass enters into phase of
endogenous respiration minimizing sludge production. Maintaining of MLSS and MLVSS is
important for better performance.
6.

SETTLING TANK/ LAGOON : SST/SL permits activated biomass to settle in form of sludge

and sludge settled is pumped back to aeration tank to maintain MLSS. Due to highly active biomass,
lumps of biomass are formed and higher ratio of volume to surface area enhances the settlement.
Now, major portion of organic content is converted into biomass, which is settled as sludge.
Supernatant comprise very low BOD and SS and other parameters. In case the treated sewage is to be
discharged into natural water body, the parameters comply with the norms prescribed by pollution
control board.
However, in case treated sewage is to be reused for some purpose like gardening, recreational
activities, tertiary treatment shall be given.

7.

RETURN SLUDGE PUMP HOUSE : Performance of aeration tank depends upon effective

function of this pump house. Generally return flow varies from 25 % to 50 % depending upon

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Civil Designs

concentration of sludge. Considering its functional importance, 100% standby pump sets are
provided in this unit.
8.

SLUDGE DRYING BEDS/ FILTER PRESS/ CENTRIFUGE : Digested or raw sludge is dewatered

and converted to utilizable form of sludge cake for manure. Sludge drying bed is most common form
of concentrating the sludge and it is most common practice in India.
9.

FILTRATE PUMP HOUSE : Filtrate from sludge drying bed/filter press/centrifuge contains

high BOD and SS and hence prior to disposal into natural water body, it shall be treated. Filtrate
pump house pumps back filtrate to the inlet chamber of PST and hence only treated sewage is
discharged from the STP. Though quantity of filtrate is very low in terms of percentage, overall
quantum is in terms of few thousand liters and hence it must be treated prior to discharge.
10.

SLUDGE DIGESTER : Digestion of sludge is achieved in this unit to break the long chains and

convert it to simple form ready to use as manure for improved absorbance as nutrient and reduce the
harmful effects on environment. Initially, design of digester with mechanical mixing of sludge posed
serious problems of civil structure and blasting. This has been overcome with help of gas mixing
system, being used in India for more than 10 years with satisfactory performance. Sludge volume also
reduces in this system and area required for sludge reduces to a great extent.
11.

GAS HOLDER :Gas produced in digester is collected here for further utilization like power

generation with uniform feeding to Dual-Fuel Engines or flaring.


12.

DUAL-FUEL GAS ENGINES/ GAS FLARING SYSTEM :Gas produced in the digester is

enriched with methane and high calorific value. Dual fuel engines capable of using gas (80-90%) and
diesel (20-10%) can yield power sufficient to run more than half of the operations of the STP. Though
it is very attractive, STPs initially set up with an objective to have captive power generation either in
CASP or UASB has not been successful on large scale.
Above steps briefly describes preliminary aspects of various process units. Sufficient details
are discussed about basic principles and area of attention for successful performance of the STP based
on FLEA. There are many more forms of the FLEA like without return sludge, only facultative
lagoons followed by maturation pond etc., but this is most common form easy to maintain and
operable and adopted in India. STP at Madhapar, Rajkot is also based on this process.
This process is having following advantages
1)

Availability of spare parts is not a problem since all the equipments like scrapper, aerator are
already installed in existing STP and RMC officials are familiar with the equipment and are
easily available

2)

Process is having high level of reliability, well established reaction kinetics, amenability to
control, can absorb shock loads.

3)

Marginal potential of nuisance from mosquitoes/ fly/ odour

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

45

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

4)

Civil Designs

Since the process is proven world wide, construction techniques are known and hence easy to
construct (STPs based on this process are established at cities like Ahmedabad, Mumbai etc.
indicating its large scale acceptability)

5)

Easy to maintain the process parameters

Disadvantages of the process are:


1)

Sludge removal pose operational problems due to lower level and large area to be covered for
de-silting. Chances to damage to membrane are more during operation of sludge removal.

2)

Difficult access to components for repair and maintenance

3)

Skilled personnel (biologist) are required to maintain process parameters like MLSS, BOD,
COD, SS etc.

4)

Less safety of operating/ maintenance personnel in case defects in aerators are to be rectified

5)

Area requirement is very large as compared to CASP and restricts future expansion

6)

Power consumption is very high and production potential is low.


Unit Sizing: Facultative Lagoons followed by Extended Aeration
All dimensions are in m unless otherwise specified
Sr.

Name of Process Unit

Size of the unit

Power rqnt
(W+SB) HP

Preliminary Treatment Units


Inlet Chamber

1 No., 6.5 x 4.5 x 3.3

Screen Chamber

2 Nos., 11 x 1.5 x 1.5

6+6

Grit Chamber

3 Nos., 8 x 8 x 1.1

6+3

Parshall Flume

1200 mm throat As per Int.

Facultative Lagoons

2 Nos., 78 x 152 at top

240+0,

54 x 140 at both, 6 m

Nos., 15 HP

2 Nos., 78 x 50 at top

300+0, 6 Nos.,

Aerated Lagoon

58 x 50 at bot, 5 m
4

Settling Lagoon

2 Nos., 78 x 31 at top

16

50 HP
-

52 x 18 at bot, 6.5 m
5

Return Sludge Pump House

1 No., 17.5 dia, 6 m ht

50+50+(50 SB)

Filtrate Pump House

1 No., 3.5 dia, 5 m ht

7.5+7.5

Sludge Drying Beds

28 Nos., 20 x 20 without digester,

10

Nos.

with

digester
8

Sludge Digester

2 No., 24 dia, 11 ht

50+50

Gas Holder

2 Nos., 20 dia, 6 ht.

6+0

10

Power Generator

18 x 12 x 6

-175

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

46

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

C) Anaerobic Lagoon followed by Aerated Lagoon (ANAL) :


This process is based on suspended growth system. Raw sewage is admitted to the inlet
chamber for further processing for removal of large particles. Floating matter are trapped in the screen
and removed with help of rack mechanism and put to conveyor belt for disposal through collection
vehicle. Grit is removed in grit chamber and then sewage is admitted to anaerobic lagoon for physical
settling and anaerobic treatment of sewage (biological process). BOD & SS reduces considerably to
reduce oxygen demand in subsequent process train. Hydrogen Sulfide and methane generated at
bottom level during the anaerobic process gets dissolved in upper layer reducing odor nuisance. After
anaerobic process, sewage undergoes aerobic process wherein biomass is supplied with sufficient
quantity of oxygen to support aerobic and facultative microbes, which can survive at medium/ lower
DO level. Biodegradable matter is converted to carbon dioxide and water vapor with help of aerobic
bacteria. Level of dissolved oxygen is maintained with help of aerators. Food to microbe ratio,
substrate, mean cell resident time, decay rate of bacteria to enhance growth of aerobic biomass are
maintained apart from aeration. After extended aeration, biomass attains saturation level of activity
and then admitted to clarifier for settling of biomass. Sludge produced is in form of biological solids,
which would enter into phase of endogenous respiration reducing quantity of sludge to a great extent.
Depth of settling lagoon is maintained in such a way that cleaning of lagoon would be required at an
interval of 10 years.
Description of functional requirement of each unit for ANAL is discussed in brief.
1)

Inlet Chamber

2)

Screen Chamber

3)

Detritor

4)

Parshall Flume

5)

Anaerobic Lagoons (AN)

6)

Aerobic Lagoon (AL)

7)

Settling Lagoon

First three units are considered to be Preliminary Treatment Units. 4th, 5th and 6th are secondary
treatment units and remaining are supporting units for MWwTPs.
1.

INLET CHAMBER : An Inlet Chamber is provided as receiving unit to STP with special

arrangements. In case of normal operations, the sewage will be diverted to STP and in case of
eventuality/ repair/ maintenance, a bypass arrangement is provided for discharge of sewage into
receiving body.
2.

SCREEN CHAMBER : Screening is an essential step in treatment of sewage to facilitate

removal of large size floating materials like rags, plastics, tobacco pouches, wooden pieces etc. which
otherwise would damage pumps and interfere with the performance of the subsequent units. This
consists of bars placed parallel in vertical or inclined system across the flow to trap the floating
material. Generally 20 mm spacing is considered to be adequate for STPs. However, considering the
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

47

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

problem of pouches of tobacco passing thru it parallel to flow, finere screens with spacing of 12 mm
followed in mesh pattern are in vogue. 50 mm x 10 mm thick flats are considered to be standard
practice in India. Timer based racking mechanism cleans the screen periodically and put the
screenings to belt conveyor system. Material is conveyed to collection van provided beneath the end
of the belt conveyor for final disposal. CI Gates upstream and downstream to the screen are provided
to control flow.
3.

DETRITOR : Detritus Tank popularly known as detritor is provided after screen to remove

heavy inorganic fraction of the sewage prior to physical and biological process. Difference in settling
velocities between organic and organic content due to specific gravity is the basic principle followed
to design the unit. Grit consists coarse sand particles, ash, clinker, egg shells and silt coated by
organic matter (generally marginalized group use silt/ash for washing of utensils) etc. Grit is
considered to be non-putrescible possessing higher hydraulic subsidence value than organic matter.
Grit removal, if not done, causes abnormal wear and tear to mechanical parts, scrappers/ pumps/
aerators etc. With proper hydraulic design, grit can be effectively removed from the sewage. To
prevent loss of useful organic content and to prevent emanation of highly malodorous emissions from
the removed grit, grit classifier based on reciprocating mechanism is provided.
4.

ANAEROBIC LAGOON : Sewage traveling long distances generally turns septic while entering

into STP and presence of anaerobic and facultative bacteria dominates the system. Conversion of this
condition to aerobic condition is power intensive and hence concept of utilizing anaerobic culture for
biological process of sewage was conceived. Here absence of DO is maintained by deep lagoons.
Odor emanation could be eliminated since uppermost layer acts as a solvent to gases escaping from
the system. Generally HRT ranges from 1 to 1.5 days and STPs in Ahmedabad are set up on this
principle. Then sewage undergoes further treatment in aerobic lagoons.
5.

AEROBIC LAGOON : After anaerobic process, microbes can survive facultative and aerobic

condition and are activated to consume maximum substrate. Aerobic bacteria dominates the system.
Generally mixing requirement governs the design rather than oxygen demand as in case of CASP
since HRT is very high comparatively.
6.

SETTLING TANK/ LAGOON : SST/SL permits activated biomass to settle in form of sludge.

Due to highly active biomass, lumps of biomass are formed and higher ratio of volume to surface area
enhances the settlement. Now, major portion of organic content is converted into biomass, which is
settled as sludge. Here the biomass enters into phase of endogenous respiration minimizing sludge
production. Supernatant comprise very low BOD and SS and other parameters.
In case the treated sewage is to be discharged into natural water body, the parameters comply
with the norms prescribed by pollution control board. However, in case treated sewage is to be reused
for some purpose like gardening, recreational activities, tertiary treatment shall be given.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

48

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

Above steps briefly describes preliminary aspects of various process units. Sufficient details
are discussed about basic principles and area of attention for successful performance of the STP based
on ANAL. There are many more forms of the ANAL like return sludge from settling lagoon, microaerofoil based system etc., but this is most common form easy to maintain and operable and adopted
in India.
This process is having following advantages
1)

Availability of spare parts is not a problem since all the equipments like scrapper, aerator
are already installed in existing STP and RMC officials are familiar with the equipment and
are easily available

2)

Process is having high level of reliability, well established reaction kinetics, amenability to
control, can absorb shock loads.

3)

Marginal potential of nuisance from mosquitoes/ fly/ odour

4)

Since the process is proven world wide, construction techniques are known and hence easy
to construct (STPs based on this process are established at Ahmedabad indicating its large
scale acceptability)

5)

Easy to maintain the process parameters

6)

Power consumption is low as compared to FLEA.

Disadvantages of the process are:


1)

Sludge removal pose operational problems due to lower level and large area to be covered
for de-silting. Chances to damage to membrane are more during operation of sludge
removal.

2)

Difficult access to components for repair and maintenance

3)

Less safety of operating/ maintenance personnel in case defects in aerators are to be


rectified

4)

Area requirement is very large as compared to CASP and restricts future expansion

5)

Power consumption is moderate and there is no potential for production of power.


Unit Sizing: Anaerobic Lagoons followed by Aerated Lagoon

All dimensions are in m unless otherwise specified


Sr.
1

Name of Process Unit

Preliminary Treatment Units


Inlet Chamber
Screen Chamber
Grit Chamber
Parshall Flume
Anaerobic Lagoons

Aerated Lagoon

Settling Lagoon

Size of the unit

1 No., 6.5 x 4.5 x 3.3


2 Nos., 11 x 1.5 x 1.5
3 Nos., 8 x 8 x 1.1
1200 mm throat As per Int.
2 Nos., 92 x 97.5 at top
68 x 89 at bot, 6 m
2 Nos., 92 x 160 at top
72 x 160 at bot, 5 m
2 Nos., 92 x 33 at top
66 x 20 at bot, 6.5 m

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Power rqnt
(W+SB) HP
6+6
6+3
400+0,
16
Nos., 25 HP
-

49

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

D) Up flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor followed by Polishing Lagoons


(UASB-PL)
This process is based on anaerobic suspended growth system unlike earlier processes. Raw
sewage is admitted to the inlet chamber for further processing for removal of large particles. Floating
matter are trapped in the screen and removed with help of rack mechanism and put to conveyor belt
for disposal through collection vehicle. Grit is removed in grit chamber and then sewage is admitted
to UASB reactor. Sewage is uniformly distributed over entire tank. Four basic steps of anaerobic
process takes place in this reactor and biomass consumes biodegradable matter during its passage
through sludge blanket. All three operations, pre-sedimentation, anaerobic treatment and final
sedimentation including sludge stabilization makes it attractive treatment option. Sludge developed in
reactor tries to settle under gravity when applying moderate upward velocities in the reactor.
Anaerobic microbes developed in reactor are kept in the compartment for sufficient time. Organic
compound present in the sewage are absorbed or adsorbed on the sludge particles in the reactor during
its passage through the bed. Organic compound gets converted to methane enriched bio-gas and
small part into new bacterial mass after anaerobic biodegradation. Bio gas consists of methane CH4,
carbon dioxide CO2, hydrogen gas H2, hydrogen sulfide H2S and traces of ammonia NH3 and nitrogen
N2. Biogas generated in reactor is considered to be advantageous to promote this process. However,
gas generation is found to be effective with high COD values and particularly useful for industrial
waste. Sensitivity of process to absorb shock load and sulphate poisoning is considered to challenge
before designers and operators of the plant. After UASB, polishing unit in form of lagoon or physicochemical process or conventional activated sludge process are must to achieve discharge norms.
Description of functional requirement of each unit for UASB-PL is discussed in brief.
1)

Inlet Chamber

2)

Screen Chamber

3)

Detritor

4)

Parshall Flume

5)

UASB Reactor (UASBR)

6)

Pre Aeration Tank

7)

Aerobic Lagoon (AL)

8)

Settling Lagoon

9)

Sludge pump house

10)

Filtrate pump house

11)

Gas holder

12)

Sludge drying beds/ filter press/ centrifuge

13)

Dual-Fuel gas engines/ gas flaring system

First three units are considered to be Preliminary Treatment Units. 4th, 5th and 6th are secondary
treatment units and remaining are supporting units for MWwTPs.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

50

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

1.

Civil Designs

INLET CHAMBER : An Inlet Chamber is provided as receiving unit to STP with special

arrangements. In case of normal operations, the sewage will be diverted to STP and in case of
eventuality/ repair/ maintenance, a bypass arrangement is provided for discharge of sewage into
receiving body.
2.

SCREEN CHAMBER : Screening is an essential step in treatment of sewage to facilitate

removal of large size floating materials like rags, plastics, tobacco pouches, wooden pieces etc. which
otherwise would damage pumps and interfere with the performance of the subsequent units. This
consists of bars placed parallel in vertical or inclined system across the flow to trap the floating
material. Generally 20 mm spacing is considered to be adequate for STPs. However, considering the
problem of pouches of tobacco passing thru it parallel to flow, finere screens with spacing of 12 mm
followed in mesh pattern are in vogue. 50 mm x 10 mm thick flats are considered to be standard
practice in India. Timer based racking mechanism cleans the screen periodically and put the
screenings to belt conveyor system. Material is conveyed to collection van provided beneath the end
of the belt conveyor for final disposal. CI Gates upstream and downstream to the screen are provided
to control flow.
3.

DETRITOR : Detritus Tank popularly known as detritor is provided after screen to remove

heavy inorganic fraction of the sewage prior to physical and biological process. Difference in settling
velocities between organic and organic content due to specific gravity is the basic principle followed
to design the unit. Grit consists coarse sand particles, ash, clinker, egg shells and silt coated by
organic matter (generally marginalized group use silt/ash for washing of utensils) etc. Grit is
considered to be non-putrescible possessing higher hydraulic subsidence value than organic matter.
Grit removal, if not done, causes abnormal wear and tear to mechanical parts, scrappers/ pumps/
aerators etc. With proper hydraulic design, grit can be effectively removed from the sewage. To
prevent loss of useful organic content and to prevent emanation of highly malodorous emissions from
the removed grit, grit classifier based on reciprocating mechanism is provided.
4.

UPFLOW ANAEROBIC SLUDGE BLANKET (UASB) REACTOR : Upflow Anaerobic Sludge

Blanket (UASB), was developed to treat industrial waste possessing high COD and BOD, posing
power intensive treatment-if one opts for aerobic treatment. Hence anaerobic treatment was found to
be techno-economical. Deficiencies of Septic Tank/s Imhoff Tanks/ Upflow Anaerobic Filters were
attended and researchers have tried to ensure uniform distribution of flow, restricted upward velocities
etc. To maintain sludge blanket at mid-level, upward velocity shall be applied to flow at moderate
range. Wastewater enters the reactor from bottom at uniform flow rate and travels upward direction.
This eliminated necessity of separate sedimentation tank. Anaerobic bacteria are developed in the
reactor for sufficient time. In order to ensure sufficient contact between the incoming sewage and the
sludge blanket (mass of anaerobic bacteria), the velocity of upward flow is restricted and uniform
feeding rate of wastewater is ensured all over the bottom of the reactor. Organic compound present in
the sewage are absorbed/ adsorbed on the sludge particles in the reaction zone. Further mixing is
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

51

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

achieved by movement of biogas in upward direction, the density currents and settling of solids in
downward direction. Organic compound are converted to biogas consisting of methane-enriched gas
and new bacterial biomass. The gas is collected in the gas collector and used as energy source. A gas,
liquid and solid separator (GLSS) is provided below the gas collector in order to maximize collection
of gas (gas bubbles attached to sludge particles could lose contact and can be trapped into gas
collector).
5.

PRE AERATION TANK : After UASBR, anaerobic microbes dominates the system since

sewage has undergone anaerobic treatment. Gases like methane and hydrogen sulfide are at saturation
level and nature of the bio-culture is anaerobic. To change the anaerobic nature of the sewage and to
make it amenable for aerobic treatment, pre-aeration shall be provided. Basic objective of this unit is
to remove dissolved gases of anaerobic process and prepare culture suitable for aerobic treatment.
6.

AEROBIC LAGOON : After pre-aeration, sewage would undergo aerobic treatment in lagoons

to facilitate aerobic conversion of organic matter into biomass and gases.


7.

SETTLING TANK/ LAGOON : SST/SL permits activated biomass to settle in form of sludge.

Due to highly active biomass, lumps of biomass are formed and higher ratio of volume to surface area
enhances the settlement. Now, major portion of organic content is converted into biomass, which is
settled as sludge. Supernatant comprise very low BOD and SS and other parameters. In case the
treated sewage is to be discharged into natural water body, the parameters comply with the norms
prescribed by pollution control board.
8.

SLUDGE PUMP HOUSE : Sludge produced in the UASB is collected in the sump and pumped

to the sludge drying beds/ centrifuge/ filter press to reduce water content and amenable to use as
manure. Concentration of sludge varies from 2% to 6% depending upon the status of biological
process within reactor. Generally higher concentration prevails in the reactor, if performance is good.
Considering its functional importance, 100% standby pumpsets are provided in this unit.
9.

SLUDGE DRYING BEDS/ FILTER PRESS/ CENTRIFUGE : Digested or raw sludge is dewatered

and converted to utilizable form of sludge cake for manure. Sludge drying bed is most common form
of concentrating the sludge and it is most common practice in India.
10.

FILTRATE PUMP HOUSE : Filtrate from sludge drying bed/filter press/centrifuge contains

high BOD and SS and hence prior to disposal into natural water body, it shall be treated. Filtrate
pump house pumps back filtrate to the inlet chamber of PST and hence only treated sewage is
discharged from the STP. Though quantity of filtrate is very low in terms of percentage, overall
quantum is in terms of few thousand litres and hence it must be treated prior to discharge.
11.

GAS HOLDER : Gas produced in digester is collected here for further utilization like power

generation with uniform feeding to Dual-Fuel Engines or flaring.


12.

DUAL-FUEL GAS ENGINES/ GAS FLARING SYSTEM : Gas produced in the digester is

enriched with methane and high calorific value. Dual fuel engines capable of using gas (up to 8090%, generally 60%) and diesel (20-10%, generally 40%) can yield power sufficient to run more than
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

52

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

half of the operations of the STP. Though it is very attractive, STPs initially set up with an objective
to have captive power generation either in CASP or UASB has not been successful on large scale.
This process is having following advantages
1)

It is a buzzword and considered to be adaptive if this process is implemented

2)

Power generation is considered to be only attractive aspect and advantage due to emerging
power scenario world wide.

Disadvantages of the process are:


1)

Process is having very low level of reliability, reaction kinetics are yet to well-established,
not easy amenability to control and absorb shock loads.

2)

Sludge removal pose operational problems due to higher depth and accessibility.

3)

Difficult access to components for repair and maintenance

4)

Highly skilled personnel (biologist) are required to maintain process parameters

5)

Less safety of operating/ maintenance personnel in case defects in hood/ baffle, gutter,
GLSS are to be rectified

6)

Area requirement is very large as compared to CASP and restricts future expansion

7)

Power generation is main slogan to promote the process. However, operationalisation of dual
fuel engines for purely domestic waste has not become successful.

8)

Process is not proven world-wide, construction techniques are known to limited agencies
restricting competition and rectangular reactors with higher depths becomes more costly.

9)

In case of disturbance of sludge blanket, resumption takes long time

10)

Lifecycle of upper hood and dome is not assured leading to uncertainty of the recurring
cost.
Unit Sizing: Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor

Sr.

Name of Process Unit

Size of the unit

Power
rqnt
(W+SB) HP

1 No., 6.5 x 4.5 x 3.3


2 Nos., 11 x 1.5 x 1.5
3 Nos., 8 x 8 x 1.1
1200 mm throat As per Int.
4 Nos., 32 x 32 x 6
2 Nos., 10.5 x 10.5 x 3.1

6+6
6+3

2
3

Preliminary Treatment Units


Inlet Chamber
Screen Chamber
Grit Chamber
Parshall Flume
UASB Reactor
Pre-Aeration Tank

Aerated Lagoon

Settling Lagoon

6
7
8
9
10

Sludge Pump House


Filtrate Pump House
Sludge Drying Beds
Gas Holder
Power Generator

2 Nos., 88 x 176 at top


64 x 164 at bot, 5 m
2 Nos., 88 x 48 at top
64 x 36 at bot, 6 m
1 No., 6 dia, 7 m ht
1 No., 4.5 dia, 4 m ht
22 Nos., 20 x 20
1 No., 18 dia, 5 ht.
12 x 8 x 6

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

15+0, 2 Nos., 7.5


HP
400+0, 16 Nos., 25
HP
7.5+7.5
6+0
-100

53

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

TECHNO-ECONOMICAL ANALYSIS OF VARIOUS PROCESSES FOR SEWAGE


TREATMENT
Each of the process described in earlier chapters have distinct advantages and limitations. In
the present context, while number of MWwTPs/ STPs are constructed under various projects/ grants/
aid for urban renewal/ river cleaning and are operational, challenges before technical feasibility of
any/ all processes could be taken up and can successfully overcome various problems. However,
practicability of each option, based on which particular process is selected, shall be looked into and
yard-stick shall dictate a particular process rather than comparing all processes based on merits and
demerits. Applicability of particular process for the expected raw sewage characteristics at Raiya is of
the prime importance to select a particular option. Economical aspects and options, sensitivity needs
to be analyzed before concluding for a particular process and then finally decide the treatment option.
Technical considerations
Based on the studies made by our team, data available about various STPs functional in India,
supporting literature and merits/ demerits noticed, feed back from field operators, designers, and
various ULBs, it is found that CASP/ FLEA and ANAL are betters options and more acceptable as
compared to UASB. In our opinion UASB is not attractive option, since sewage is purely domestic in
nature leading to low potential of power generation. CASP is having wider acceptability as compared
to lagoons owing to sludge removal problems from the lagoons and maintenance of aerators. In case
of lagoons, sewage level varies to a considerable extent. This is important aspect while selecting
aerators for lagoons. Oxygen transfer depends upon submergence, which is limited in case of fixed
aerators and hence efficiency of the MWwTP/STP is affected. Floating aerators are found to be best
option, provided boat and other means are available for maintenance and repair. Except for Mumbai,
other ULBs find it difficult to maintain and hence one has to compromise on efficiency by selecting
fixed aerators. For CASP, Sludge Digesters on other hand have had problems of dome and explosion,
maintaining anaerobic condition etc., which could be overcome by adopting gas mixing system
instead of mechanical mixers. Hence, all the processes are treated as technically at par despite basic
deficiencies related to O & M, even controlling behavior of microbes, less known reaction kinetics as
in case of UASB.
To conclude about best option, it is necessary to compare capital costs and O & M costs, NPV
etc., to arrive at most economical option for sewage treatment. Subsequent paragraphs addresses this
aspect prior to recommending the suitable process.
Recommendations:
Based on various analysis and applicability of the process for the said STP, Conventional
Activated Sludge Process is most economical and it is recommended to select the CASP with power
generation module for construction of the STP at Madhpar.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

54

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

6.3 Drainage Phase-III (Part-1)

Background: During the period about last 10 years further development occurred in RUDA

area mostly on the west side of the old city and along South North direction also. The specific
planning of development in these areas was not sought out during that time, however, on the occupied
plots at various pockets in the said area, the construction of buildings were going on without having
any permission basic facilities like roads, electricity and water supply network as well as waste water
disposal system. This area came under rule of RMC in the year 1998. Therefore now, it is a duty of
the authority to provide all the basic facilities as stated above, to the people of those areas. To provide
drinking water facilities to the people of those areas a water supply project based on Nyari-II reservoir
and its seepage was carried out, but due to scarce of water in the reservoir, the water supply system
could not be put in to commission during this year. Similarly, subsequent problem of waste water
disposal shall have to be faced immediately after commissioning of drinking water supply. To solve
this problem a Sewerage Project Phase-III was thought out by Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Field Survey : For the proposed project area, where town planning schemes was prepared,

the road alignment survey was carried out. This includes taking of levels at 30 mt. Interval along the
roads, all the crossings and turning points etc have been covered with additional levels at 30 mt
interval on center line of the road. For areas outside the town planning schemes, i.e. pockets
developed like near Mavdi village, layout of such areas have been prepared and incorporated with the
levels at 30 mt interval. Total length of roads are shown in the below mentioned table.
Details of T.P.Roads in Town Planning Schemes
Sr
No
01
02

03

04
05
06
07

Name &
Nos.of
scheme
T.P.S. 1
Raiya
T.P.S. 2
Nana
Mava
T.P.S. 3
Nana
Mava
T.P.S. 4
Raiya
T.P.S. 5
T.P.S. 6
Raiya
T.P.S.
7&8
Mavdi

Length of Roads (in Meter)

Total

Sub
Road

Tot. of
Roads

45m

30m

24m

28m

18m

15m

12m

9m

1420

--

1400

1000

80

--

7385

3090

24375

24840

39215

240

2180

1180

1340

--

1340

4380

1240

11900

21140

33040

1260

--

1260

--

--

280

5710

5370

13880

8200

22080

--

--

1120

--

2800

--

4320

6150

14390

8280

22670

-1600

600
--

1060
1460

---

---

-820

4840
5500

2120
3160

8620
12540

8040
17040

16660
29580

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

21755

25000

46755

Total

210000

Ground levels have been recorded in the level books and same have been submitted as
Survey And Investigation Report( For Population Projection Kindly Refer Annexure). The TBM
list with location and RL in meters for TP scheme 1 to 8 and pocket areas have been identified ,
Sketches of locations also have been shown in the drawing No.01 to 08. Field Book record i.e. level
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Book No.01 to 21 have been also incorporated in the survey report for permanent record for Rajkot
Municipal Corporation.
For preparation of estimation of sewer lines, trial pits in the project area have been taken.

Population Projection: The population projection is forecasted based on past available

data of population and sample studies of two TP areas partly developed and / or under developing,
considering the number of persons 5 per house / flat for the occupation of 65% of total houses. Thus
the projected population in the year 2030 is forecasted to 3,97,000 including the prospective
population of three villages also as drainage collective system is generally designed for 30 years of
period.

Water supply: Saurashtra region is the semi arid zone and Rajkot city is falling in this area

where water is scares. Other cities of Gujarat State like Vadodara, Surat and Ahmedabad, total
quantity of water per capita is supplied (considering all other sources) 250 liters and these figures are
always taken into account by the consultants for calculation of generation of waste water for the
design of collective system of sewer lines. Whereas to run the underground drainage, Central Public
Health and Environmental Engineering Organization. (Ministry of Urban Development) has fixed
criteria per capita bases and it is 140 to 150 liters / capita water requires to run the underground
drainage system smoothly. Therefore, Rajkot Municipal Corporation has followed minimum
requirement of water supply as per the criteria fixed by the CPHEEO New Delhi 140 to 150 LPCD to
function the underground drainage of city area as well as proposed project area. The proposed project
area is only of residential zone and hence no other demand like industry etc has been taken into
account. The Rajkot Municipal Corporation has also planned to provide sufficient supply the water
required for efficient functioning an commissioning of this sewerage project of extended area of the
city simultaneously.

Waste water generation: Normally 80 to 85% of the quantity of water reaching the

consumer's end is considered as waste water for the sewerage disposal system. Per capita waste water
flow for the design of sewerage system is considered as 128 liters in this design. The estimation of
ground water infiltration shall be practically zero as the ground water table in this region are very
much below the designed depth of sewer lines. However, the provision of ground water infiltration
has been estimated as per the criteria shown in Manual on sewerage & sewage treatment (Page 40) i.e.
minimum 500 liters / km day for approximately 200 kms length is equal to 0.10 MLD which is
negligible quantity against the total flow of the project.

Design of sewers : The system design parameters for sewers are as per CPHEEO manual

which is the requirement of financing institutions. The design criteria for sewers are as follows:

Design Year: The design year considered for the sewerage system for this project area is
2030.

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Design Flow : The design is based on the waste water generated duly considering the water

demand of 150 LPCD as stated above in the year 2030. The design flow is therefore considered as 128
LPCD after considering losses and considering that 85% of water supply is converted to sewage.

Peak Factor : Peak factors, depend upon the density of population, topography of the project

area and hours of water supply etc for design of sewerage system of project area, peak factor 2.25 is to
be considered for the design based on contributory population recommended by CPHEEO in the
manual. However, looking to the individual TP scheme population 2.50 peak factor is taken in the
sewer design. The peak factor is applied to the projected population for the design year.

Average Dry weather flow :This would comprise average domestic sewage flow and

infiltration.

Peak Dry weather flow : This is the design flow. It comprises peak domestic sewage flow

and infiltration.

Design formula :For design of new sewerage system, Manning's formula is adopted which is;

For Circular conduits


V=

0.003968(D)0.67 x (S)0.50
N

Q=

(1/N) (3.118x10-6)D0.67 x S0.5

Q=

Discharge in lps

V=

Velocity in mps

N=

Manning's Co-efficient of Roughness

D=

Internal dia. of pipeline in mm

S=

Slope of hydraulic gradient

Coefficient of Roughness : For sewerage system, NP2/NP3/NP4 class RCC pipes for higher

diameter as well as stoneware glazed pipes for smaller diameter sewer line are generally provided.
The roughness coefficient, N, is assumed same for all diameters of RCC pipes with collar joints and is
considered 0.015. For stoneware pipes for all diameters, N, is assumed 0.013. As pipes deteriorate
with age, a roughness co-efficient is considered corresponding to fair condition of the interior surface
of sewers.

Minimum size of Sewer: A minimum diameter of 150 mm has been considered to identify

the proposed sewer under study. Three factors are influencing for deciding the diameter of sewer
pipeline.

Proposed gradient in sewer line : Rajkot city is under semi arid zone and availability of

water quantity here is scarce resource. Hence, minimum criteria of water supply 140 LPCD to 150
LPCD is adopted by the Corporation for smooth functioning of sewer lines. Rajkot city Sewerage
project phase-I was started in the year 1979 and completed and commissioned after 23 years of
period. The main reason of delay of this project was a severe hard rock excavation and steep slope of
initial pipelines in the design. Initial slopes of 150 mm dia pipelines were taken 1 in 80 to get very
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easy initial self cleansing velocity. Due to such design, depth of pipeline had gone very deep and due
to hard rock it was found more difficult in the excavation. Ultimately, a decision was taken to adopt
grade of 150 mm dia pipeline 1 in 130 which is found sufficient for 750 population of initial stage to
achieve self cleansing velocity during peak hours. Hence based on the past experience of Rajkot city
sewerage project phase-I and its present results of well functioning in the water scares period. It is
proposed to provide 150 mm diameter as minimum for initial sewer lines. Major lengths of sewers in
any project area are always with smaller diameters and these initial pipeline sections are not getting
enough flow in the commissioning stage. Hence, as per the recommendations of World Bank in the
previous sewerage project Phase-I, Stoneware pipes of minimum diameter 150 mm size is proposed in
this project for initial sewer lines and same will be more convenient in cleaning in the initial stage of
commissioning. More care is required for frequent cleaning during initial period. Stoneware pipes of
ISI quality are now easily available in the market and hence it is recommended to use 150 mm to 250
mm dia pipes in this project as stoneware salt glazed ISI marked quality for initial sections of sewer
lines.

Minimum Depth of Cover : The minimum depth of cover to be provided over the top of pipe

is 1.0 meter for diameter equal to and above 300 mm.

Self Cleansing Velocities :A minimum velocity of 0.75 to 0.80 mps at design peak flow (in

the year 2030) in the sanitary sewer is considered subject to a minimum velocity of 0.6 mps for
present peak flows (in the year 2001) as per the recommendations of CPHEEO manual.
Limiting velocities for particles varying in specific gravity from 1.01 to 2.65 were studied.
The specific gravity of grit is usually in the range of 2.4 to 2.65. For minimum velocity of 0.6 m/sec
all particles of specific gravity 2.65 and size less than 1.0 mm will remain in suspension. Hence, the
velocity of 0.6 m/s should be adequate to prevent situation in sewers. However, the problem of silting
may occur in early years, particularly for smaller sewers with velocities of flow less than 0.6 m/s but
the assumption is made that the deposited silt would be flushed out during the peak flows. Where such
velocities are not obtained periodical flushing would be required.

Design capacity of sewers : Sewers designed to carry estimated peak flows generated in the

year 2030 will run partially full for all variations in the flow. The maximum permissible depth of flow
in sewers for established velocity criteria are tabulated in the following table.

Depth of Flow : From considerations of ventilation in waste water flow, sewers should not be

designed to run full. All sewers are be designed to flow 0.8 full at ultimate peak flow. However, as per
Hydraulic design the depth of flow at Ultimate Peak is between 0.45 to 0.8.

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Following table shows the hydraulic properties of circular sections for Manning's Formula.

Hydraulic properties of circular sections for Manning's formula


Depth Ratio

Area Ratio

Hydraulic radius Ratio

Velocity Ratio

Discharge Ratio

d/D

a/A

r/R

v/V

q/Q

0.100

0.052

0.254

0.401

0.021

0.200

0.143

0.482

0.615

0.088

0.300

0.252

0.684

0.776

0.196

0.400

0.373

0.857

0.902

0.337

0.500

0.500

1.000

1.000

0.500

0.600

0.626

1.110

1.072

0.671

0.700

0.748

1.185

1.120

0.838

0.800

0.858

1.217

1.140

0.988

0.900

0.949

1.192

1.124

1.066

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

1.000

where d, a, r, v and q denote depth of flow, area, hydraulic radius, velocity of flow and
discharge respectively for partial flow condition and D, A, R, V and Q are the corresponding
characteristics for full flow condition.

Topography of the proposed project area : Detailed survey investigations have been

completed and based on the detailed survey the actual topographical conditions, sewerage network
have been prepared to have minimum excavation of pipelines. A natural drain (Vonkala) coming from
South direction of the project area flows towards North i.e. from near by Mavdi village to passing
through out skirt of the extended area of the city to the west of the villages of Munjaka and Raiya
meeting to the tributary of river Nyari on up stream of Nyari II reservoir. Therefore in general the
natural slopes of the ground have been taken into account for planning the sewerage network.

Design methodology and analysis of sewerage network : Population distribution have

been carried out on present and projected density and same have been distributed per manhole in the
TP scheme layout. Special consideration is given to the areas where high rise buildings exists and
areas where such type of high rise buildings are expected in future. Per manwhole increase of flow
has been calculated and for each sewer section, present average flow, present peak flow, projected
average flow, projected peak flow and full flow have been calculated and applied as basic data of
hydraulic design of sewer sections of entire network. Network have been prepared as per Town
Planning Scheme Numbers 01 to 08 considering each Town Planning Scheme as individual drainage
zone for convenience of execution, maintenance and supervision.
The hydraulic analysis of all sewer sections as collective system have been carried out using
Excel Computer Software Programming for all the four conditions of all sewer sections of network. It

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has been cross checked with the computer software recommended by the UNDP Sewer Software
Version 3.0. Statements of design of sewer sections and designed Invert Levels have been attached
herewith as an annexure.

Sewer appurtenances: Manholes are to be provided at all junctions, change of sewer size,

gradient and direction. As per the RMC practice the spacing of manhole is kept between 25 to 40 mt
for all diameters.

Spacing of manholes adopted are as follows:

Pipe dia of 300 mm - 450 mm - 30 m

Pipe dia of 500 mm - 900 mm - 40 m

Pipe dia of 1000 mm - 1800 mm - 50 m

However, additional manholes are to be provided on junctions of the street avoiding standard
distance. For sewers of 600 mm diameter and above, scraper manholes are proposed to be provided at
major junctions and at about 200 m c/c. The typical details of proposed house connection chamber,
conical type manhole, A, B, C, D1, D2 and scraper manhole S1, S2, S3 are shown in Annexure.

Bedding for sewers: The type of bedding (First class bedding, concrete cradle, full encasement)
shall depend on the depth at which the sewer is laid. Thus the load due to backfill and superimposed
load (live load), and the three edge bearing strength of pipe will be the governing criteria for selection
of appropriate bedding factors.

6.4 Design of Sewage Treatment Plant at Raiya under Phase-III (Part-1)


Existing sewage treatment plant
In the phase-I, the waste treatment process has been adopted keeping view the most of the
waste will contain a domestic waste i.e. sewage excreta and sullage water rather than any other major
industrial waste. Therefore process of treatment is provided considering the characteristics of raw
sewage having BOD 200mg/l, which is a facultative aerated lagoon followed by extended aeration for
the capacity to treat 44.50 MLD. This treatment unit does not carry any further additional load due to
further augmentation or future provision of extended area. However, additional land has been kept
reserved in the premises of existing treatment site for the purpose of any additional treatment units for
the Sewerage Project Phase-II of old city area.
While as per the topographical situation mentioned previously the land located nearby village
Raiya is technically as well as economically feasible for adoption of new waste water treatment units
and disposal of treated waste for sewerage project phase-III
Acquisition of Land :
Additional land is already reserved at existing sewage treatment plant site nearby Madhapar
under Phase-I and Phase-II sewerage project but it will not suffice to accommodate sewage treatment
units proposed under phase-III sewerage project, and which is also not feasible as narrated in the
preliminary project report, technically as well as financially. The land near village Raiya has been
acquired, to accommodate sewage treatment units including some necessary disposal facilities. The
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Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCPB) has already approved the site and RMC has already
finalized DTPs
Process design options
The number of approaches and advanced techniques are prevailing at present to treat the
domestic waste water as well as industrial waste water. Normally biological treatments are used world
wide and they are suitable for sewage treatment plant,. Following are the options of biological
treatment for treatment of domestic sewage.
Following review is made.

Looking to the techno-economical aspect- Conventional Activated Sludge Process with Sludge
digester is recommended to be adopted for Sewage Treatment Plant
Location of the Works
The Works are to be constructed at Raiya located approximately 3 km west of the city limits
of Rajkot in the State of Gujarat, India. The detailed location is shown on the Drawings.

Description of the Works


The Works shall comprise the provision of a sewage treatment plant to treat up to 51
Mld of raw sewage generated in new area and to discharge the treated sewage into a natural
drain leading to river Nyari of the specified quality.
The sewage treatment plant shall comprise the following:
(a)

Unit processes and services

Inlet chamber;

Screen Chamber;

Grit Chamber;

Parshall Flume;

Primary Clarifier;

Aeration Tank;

Secondary Clarifier;

Sludge Digester and Sludge Drying Beds;

Raw Sludge and Return Sludge Pump Houses

Sewage sampling;

Service water;

MCC Room.

Raw Sewage
Raw Sewage Quality
Generally, the raw sewage has a low suspended solids, but during morning hours, its concentration
rises from less than 200 mg/l to 800-1000 mg/l. At the same time other parameters does not change
substantially.
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The treatment works shall be designed to treat sewage of the following quality:

Raw Sewage Quality


Parameter
pH

Units of measurement
pH units

Value
6.5 - 9.2

Suspended Solids

mg/l

525

Biological Oxygen Demand

mg/l

200

Chemical Oxygen Demand

mg/l

630

Alkalinity

mg/l

185

Sulphates

mg/l

110

Total Kjeldah Nitrogen

mg/l

10

Ammonical Nitrogen

mg/l

16.8

Organic content in grit

Oil & Grease

mg/l

15

The quality of the raw sewage entering into existing Sewage Treatment Plant at Madhapar
over the period January 2005 to December 2005 is summarized in Appendix ___.

Sewage Treatment Plant Performance


The sewage treatment plant shall be designed for continuous operation even with
reduction of flow by 50%, the performance of the plant should not be affected. The purpose
of the treatment plant is to produce treated sewage suitable to discharge it into natural water
body as per the guidelines stipulated by Gujarat Pollution Control Board (GPCB) and as per
guidelines of Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO)
as summarised in Table.
When the sewage treatment plant is operated in accordance with the Contractors
operating instructions at an output varying within the normal operating range (50 % to 100 %
of rated flow), the quality of the treated sewage, the primarily treated sewage (from the
launder of primary settling tank) and the secondarily treated sewage (from the launder of
secondary settling tank) shall comply with the requirements stated in Table:
Required Treated Sewage Quality
Sample

Compliance Requirement

Effluent
from PST

BOD<150 mg/l
SS<250 mg/l

Effluent
from SST

BOD<20 mg/l
SS<30 mg/l
pH 6 to 9

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Sewage Treatment Plant Staffing Requirements


The Employer will provide all the necessary operating staff and maintenance
personnel to operate the Works. During the first 36 months (three years) the plant shall be
operated under the Contractors guidance using the staffing levels identified. The details of
staff to be deployed will be as per the stipulations mentioned in O & M Specifications.
Plant and Process Design Parameters
General
The Plant shall be designed, selected and installed taking into account site ambient
conditions, local conditions and location.
The following site conditions shall apply

ambient temperature (plant room)

35oC

annual average temperature

30oC

Relative humidity (maximum)

75%

Altitude

125 m

site conditions

semi-arid

The plant shall be designed for an ambient temperature of 40 C with the Contractor
making due allowance in his designs for the increased temperatures experienced by Plant
exposed to direct sunlight.
Works Life Expectancy
The Contractor shall design the Works for a life expectancy as follows:

concrete structures

60 years;

mechanical plant

25 years;

electrical plant

25 years;

buried earth electrode systems

50 years;

control panels

25 years;

external instrumentation systems

15 years;

computer systems
The major units comprises
a) Elevated inlet chamber

12 years.

b) Main plant by-pass pipeline from Inlet chamber to effluent disposal point
c) Elevated screen chamber
d) Elevated grit chamber
e) Flow measuring channel Parshall flume
f) Distribution chamber for Primary Settling Tank (PST)
g) By pass pipeline from Distribution chamber to main plant bypass pipeline
h) Primary Settling Tank (PST)

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i) Outlet pipeline from PST up to the distribution chamber of Aeration Tank


j) Distribution chamber of aeration tanks.
k) By pass pipeline from the distribution chamber of aeration tank to effluent
disposal point
l) Aeration tanks
m) Distribution chamber at outlet of aeration tank for Secondary Settling Tank
(SST).
n) Pipeline from chamber to each SST.
o) Secondary Settling Tank (SST)
p) Final effluent pipe/channels from settling tanks to treated sewage chamber
q) Pipe/Channel from treated sewage chamber to final disposal point
r) Digesters with gas mixing devices
s) Compressors for gas mixing
t) Gas holders (single stage bell)
u) Sludge drying beds
v) Raw sludge pumping station including control room for Primary Treatment
Units (PTU)
w) Return sludge pumping station including control room to pump the Return
Sludge and Excess Sludge.
x) Control room for Aeration tank
y) Control room for Digesters, Gasholders, and Gas Mixing arrangement.
z) Filtrate pumping station.
aa) Gas burner for excess gas
The other units required are:
a) Sub-station to serve the proposed sewage treatment plant.
b) Administrative building, conference room, laboratory
c) Internal roads, CC path, storm water drainage (wherever required) for the
plant.
d) Water distribution network for drinking purpose within the plant premises and
sewage disposal

2. Design criteria
Elevated Inlet chamber and plant by-pass

Inlet chamber shall be adequately sized to receive sewage from pumping main and to
provide plant bye pass having peak hydraulic carrying capacity of 114.75 Mld plant by- pass
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shall be designed to attain 0.9 m/sec to 1.5 m/sec velocity at peak flow duly considering the
available hydraulic head at the plant from inlet chamber to discharge point. Hydraulic
Detention Time shall be 60 seconds minimum at peak flow.
Elevated screen chamber
a)

Peak flow (Design flow)

114.75

Mld

b)

Average flow

51

Mld

c)

Number of Screens

Two screen in parallel, each


to deal with peak flow and
incline at 60 to horizontal
and mechanically cleaned/
raked.

d)

Number of channels

Two screen channels, each


designed for peak flow.

e)

Velocity
in
approach 0.4
channel during average
flow (minimum)

m/ sec

f)

Max
velocity through 1.2
screen at peak flow

m/sec

g)

Flats of screen Tapered in 10 mm x 8 mm x 75 mm


the direction of flow (front
x back x depth )

h)

Clear opening between two 12 mm


flats at back

i)

Free board above TWL

0.5 m

Elevated Grit Chamber


a)

Peak flow

114.75

mld

b)

Average flow

51

mld

c)

Number of grit chambers

Three grit chambers to be 2+1


Nos
designed for handling the 1.5 each for half
times the peak flow and (two of peak flow
working and one standby
unit of similar size).

d)

Specific gravity of grit

2.45

e)

Size of particles equal to 0.15


and above which are to be
removed 100%

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m3/m1

f)

Quantity of grit in sewage

0.1

g)

Horizontal velocity in grit 0.30


chamber not to exceed at
peak flow

m/sec

h)

Temperature of sewage
(design)

18

i)

Filed correction factor for


surface loading

0.80

j)

Detention time (minimum)

60

sec

k)

Minimum depth of wall in


grit chamber at outlet weir
excluding corner filling of
300 mm)

0.9

l)

Organic matter in washed


grit not to exceed

m)

Free board above TWL

0.5

Primary Settling tank


a)

Peak flow

114.75

mld

b)

Average flow

51

mld

c)

Excess sludge, filtrate and


supernatant shall be added in
distribution chamber of primary
settling tank as per layout plan
and grease and oil will be
separately disposed off

d)

Number of circular tanks

Two unit each to deal


with 25.50 mld flow plus
other flow (excess sludge,
filtrate, sludge, filterate,
supernatant)

e)

Surface loading (effective) at


average flow + other flow

35

m3/day/m2

f)

Surface loading at peak flow

80

m3/day/m2

g)

Detention time at average flow


excluding Hopper bottom volume,
but including other flows

2.25

hours

h)

Side water depth minimum (up to 3.0


top of weir)

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i)

Slope of hopper bottom

I V to 12 H

j)

Weir loading at avg. flow + other


flows (not to exceed)

150

m3/day/m

k)

Weir loading at peak flow + other


flows (not to exceed)

370

m3/day/m

l)

BOD 3 @27 C removal in PST


(min)

40

m)

Suspended solids removal in


primary settling tank (min)

60

n)

Solids concentration in primary


sludge

Note:
a)

All piping/channels and launder of primary


settling tank shall be designed for peak flow
including any other flows as per layout plan
with minimum velocity of 0.6 m/sec at
average flow.

b)

All peripheral launder of primary settling


tank shall be designed for peak flow with
velocity of 0.9 m/sec and any other flow as
per layout plan.

c)

Free Board of peripheral launder (minimum)

0.5

d)

Free fall in peripheral launder /trough with


respect to weir crest (bottom-most portion of
V Notch).

50

mm

Aeration Tank
a)

Peak flow

114.75

mld

b)

Average flow

51

mld

c)

Number of tanks

One tank with two


compartments to deal
with avg. flow plus all
other flow as per
layout plan.

d)

Detention time at average flow


+ 25% of avg. flow return
sludge + all other flows as per
layout plan.

Six hours minimum

f)

Kg BOD 3 27c loading/m3 of

0.3 0.6

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tank volume (check)


g)

MLSS in aeration tank

2000 mg/1

h)

MLVSS in aeration tank

80% of MLSS

i)

Food to micro-organism ratio


(F/M)

0.2-0.4

(i.e. kg BOD5 @ 27C/kg


MLVSS)
j)

Sludge age (c) minimum

10 days

k)

Free board above TWL

1.0 m

l)

Oxygen requirement

1 kg O2 /kg of BOD 3 @
27 c removed

m)

Oxygen transfer required at


standard condition (min)

2.0

n)

Dissolved oxygen to be 1.5


maintained in the aeration tank
(minimum)

mg/1

o)

Field transfer rate of aerators 1.22


(minimum) FTR

kg O2/KWhr

p)

Mixing requirement of KW

KW/m3

0.015-0.026

Kg/ kW. Hr.

All other flow reaching the tank as per layout plan shall be considered in the design.
Secondary Settling tank
a)

Peak flow

114.75

mld

b)

Average flow

51

mld

c)

Number of circular tanks & their


capacity requirement

Two units each to deal with


25.5 mld flow + return
sludge + filtrate +
supernatant + excess sludge.
[as per layout plan]

d)

Surface loading (effective) at


average flow + all other flows +
return sludge.

28

m3/day/m2

e)

Detention time excluding hopper


bottom volume but including
other flows (minimum)

Hours

f)

Side water depth (minimum) up


to top of weir

3.5

g)

Hopper bottom slope

1 V to 12 H

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h)

Weir loading at avg. flow + other


flows (by providing weirs as
required).
Upflow velocity near weir at
average flow (not to exceed)

Civil Designs

185-370

m3/day/m

m3/hour/m

i)

Solids concentration in
secondary sludge

1%

j)

Solids loading rate at average


flow based on MLSS

70-140

kg/day/m2

k)

Solids loading rate at peak flow


based on MLSS (not to exceed)

210

kg/day/m2

a)

All pipes/channel to secondary settling tanks


shall be designed for peak flow including other
flows as per layout plan

b)

All weir and troughs of secondary settling tanks


shall be designed for peak flows as per layout
plan with velocity of 0.9 m/sec.

c)

Free board (minimum)

0.50 m

d)

Free fall in peripheral launder /trough with


respect to weir crest (bottom-most portion of V
Notch).

0.05 m

Digesters
a)

Raw sludge (primary + secondary)


solids concentration

b)

Volatile solids

50%

c)

Specific gravity of raw sludge

1.07

d)

Volatile solids destroyed during


digestion (min)

60

e)

Temperature of digestion

30

f)

Detention time for digestion @ stated


Temperatures

30

days

Addl. HRT for monsoon period

15

days

g)

Solids concentration in digested


sludge

h)

Number of units required

nos.

i)

Solids loading

0.75

kg VSS/day/m3

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Civil Designs

j)

Bottom hopper slope

1 V to 4 H

k)

Mixing system

Gas
mixing
unconfined

l)

Gas flow required for gas mixing

0.005

Compressor operating capacity

m)

Velocity gradient

50-80

Sec-1

n)

Sludge circulation velocity

0.05-0.10

m/sec

o)

Power level to be maintained

Watts/m3 (min.)

p)

Gas lances required

15-35

Sq. mt / No.

m3/m3.min(min)
m3/hr.m2 (min)

Gas Holder
m3/kg of VSS
destroyed

a)

Gas production in sludge


digester

0.9

b)

Gas is to be utilized in
plant.

Future (not in
present contract)

c)

Storage capacity of gas.

d)

Gas to be burnt

100%

e)

Number of units required

day

nos

Sludge Drying Beds


a)

Preferred size of each bed.

20 m x 20m

b)

Depth of digested sludge


application on the drying beds.

0.3

c)

Cycle time of drying including


restoring to original state of
original state of bed.

12

days

d)

Solids concentration of dried


sludge prior to application on
bad.

e)

Moisture concentration of
dried sludge amenable for
spading and carting away.

40

% at 40 C

f)

Standby beds required

nos.

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Civil Designs

Raw sludge pumping station


a)

Sludge concentration

b)

Specific gravity of sludge

1.07

c)

Actual pumping hours for


sludge pumping per day

As required

d)

Minimum diameter of pumping 200


main to avoid chock age.

mm

e)

Hydraulic Retention Time for


raw sludge during maximum
concentration of 2000 mg/l at
peak flow

hour

f)

SWD for storage sump below


pipe invert level

hrs/day

Return sludge pumping station


a)

Quantity of return sludge

Up to 75% of avg. Flow + excess


sludge

b)

Concentration of solids in
return sludge

c)

Hydraulic Retention Time


for return sludge during
normal rate of pumping
(25%)

hour

d)

Specific gravity of return


sludge

1.02

e)

Minimum diameter of
pumping main to avoid
chock age.

200

mm

f)

SWD for storage sump


below pipe invert level

Filtrate pumping station


a)

Solid concentration in filtrate

200-300

mg/1

b)

Minimum diameter of
pumping main

150

mm

c)

SWD for storage sump below


pipe invert level

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Pipeline
a)

Pipeline for Main plant by pass from inlet chamber to final disposal point

b)

Pipeline from distribution chamber ahead of PST to main plant bypass

c)

Pipeline from distribution chamber ahead of aeration tank to main plant


bypass

d)

Treated effluent pipeline from SST to common collection chamber and


pipeline from common collection chamber to final disposal point

e)

Channel From inlet chamber to screen chamber

f)

Channel from Screen chamber to grit chamber.

g)

Channel from Grit chamber to parshall flume.

h)

Pipeline from distribution chamber of PST to PST Central feed well

i)

Pipeline from PST outlet to distribution chamber of aeration tank

j)

Pipeline from outlet of Aeration Tank to of central feed well SST

k)

Washout for aeration tank shall be provided and connected to bypass line
for emptying the unit by gravity with a minimum size of 450 mm dia DI,
K-9 class pipeline with valve of same size

All above channels/ pipeline shall be designed for peak flow including all other flow as per layout
plan. Maximum velocity shall be limited to 1.5 m/sec for bypass. Velocity at average flow shall not be
less than 0.6 m/sec for interconnecting units/chambers and shall not exceed 1.35 m/sec at peak flows.
Minimum velocity of 1.5 m/sec shall be maintained to prevent solids deposition and clogging of
pipeline for sludge carrying/conveying pumping mains.
3. Process description
3.1
General :
Average flow. . .
Peak flow..

51.00 MLD.
114.75 MLD.

3.2 Inlet chamber: Inlet chamber of suitable size shall be constructed at the location, shown in the
layout plan. Sewage into inlet chamber shall be received through 1 no. 1100 mm Rising main from the
pumping station located outside the plant about 1 km. toward town, which is under construction.
Tentative sizing and RLs of inlet chambers are given below.

Hydraulic retention time


Size
Nos
Floor level.
Top water level .
Free board .
Chamber top level..
Platform/Passage top level . ..

60 seconds at peak flow of 114.75 MLD.


6.50 m. x 4.50 m. x 3.00 m depth
1
RL. 127.90 m.
RL. 130.90 m.
0.30 m.
RL. 131.20 m.
RL. 131.35 m.

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Size of opening for inlet pipe.. suitable for 1300 mm dia. PS pipe
Size of opening for plant bypass. suitable for 1300 mm dia. RCC NP-4 pipe
Size of plant bypass gate. as required (C.I. SLUICE GATE with
penstock)
Size of opening at outlet side.. as required.
Nos. of openings.. 2 nos.
Size of gate on this opening
as required (C.I. SLUICE GATE with
penstock)
The inlet chamber shall be provided with required number of DI puddle collars both ends
flanged with creeping flange at middle of wall. This is to be fixed while concreting of inlet chamber
under progress. Necessary precaution shall be taken to avoid leakage. Necessary C.I. GATES shall be
provided to plant bypass exit, at inlet chamber. Necessary platform / passage at upper level (R.C.C.
construction) shall be made to locate the penstock for gate operation and inspection purpose.
Plant bypass shall be designed for peak flow carrying the sewage and ultimately disposed into
the existing culvert on natural drain outside the plant premises. Primary treatment units Bypass after
the preliminary treatment units and Secondary treatment units, a bypass after the primary settling
tank, i.e. before the aeration, shall be provided as shown in the layout plan and as directed by engineer
in charge. All bypass lines and pipe carrying treated sewage (excluding sludge & interconnecting
treatment units) shall be of R.C.C. NP4 class pipe. Pipe carrying raw sewage for treatment, i.e. inlet
and outlet of PST & SST, shall be of R.C.C. NP4 class.
Pipe from SUDGE DIGESTER to each SLUDGE DRYING BEDS shall be of 300 mm. Dia.
minimum D.I. K-9 class. Filtrate collected beneath sludge drying beds shall be conveyed from each
SLUDGE DRYING BED to FILTRATE PUMP HOUSE (FPH) through 300 mm. Dia. R.C.C. NP4
class pipe. From FPH, filtered sludge shall be carried to DISTRIBUTION CHAMBER after Parshall
Flume to recycle the sewage and assure zero discharge of raw sewage. No sewage shall be let out
without treatment. Supernatant from sludge digester shall be conveyed to distribution chamber of PST
by gravity only.
2.2

ELEVATED BAR SCREEN CHAMBERS


An elevated channel 2 Nos. having peak flow capacity of 114.75 MLD each, shall be

constructed in R.C.C. M-25 grade. An upstream channel of minimum 6.0 m. length and downstream
channel of minimum 3.0 m. length. Shall be provided before and after the screen chamber. The peak
flow velocity in the channel shall be around 0.80 m/sec and velocity at average flow shall not be less
than 0.60 m/sec. The channel shall be adequately widened to accommodate the screens. Indicative
sizing of the channel and bar screen is tabulated below.
Channels
Size (u/s channel) 1.50 m width x 1.20 m. depth
Size (d/s channel) 1.50 m width x 1.20 m. depth
Nos. 2
Floor level RL. 129.55 m.
Top water level (u/s channel) RL. 130.75 m.
Top water level (d/s channel) RL.depending up on the headloss
Free board 0.30 m. minimum
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Civil Designs

Channel top level.. RL. As required


Platform/Passage top level RL. As required by screen mechanism supplier
Screen Chambers
Type of screen MECHANICAL INCLINED BAR
SCREEN.
Size of chamber including bars.. 1.50 M. width x 2.0 m. length of screen bar
Bar section tapered 75mm x 10mm th. (10 th at front &
8 th. at rear side)
Nos of screens... 2
Size & nos of openings. 12 mm clear size on rear side & nos. as rqd.
Floor level. RL.129.33
Top water level (u/s of screen)
RL.130.75
Top water level (d/s of screen)
RL. Depends up on the headloss
Chamber top level
RL. According to screen mechanism details
Platform/Passage top level .
RL. According to screen mechanism details
Velocity criteria through BAR SCREEN
Maximum velocity through bar screen
Minimum velocity through bar screen
Minimum velocity through bar screen

1.20 m/sec.(preferably about 0.80 m/sec.)


0.60 m/sec.(at average flow.)
0.30 m/sec.(at minimum flow.)

Mechanism of Bar Screen


Minimum 200 mm of depression shall be provided between the u/s channel floor level and
screen chamber floor where the screen bars are fixed. Suitable floor slope shall be provided at u/s and
at d/s channel.Suitable mechanical inclined bar type screen shall be provided. Screen shall be
comprising screen bars made out of 75 mm x 10 mm thick (at upstream side) x 8 mm at downstream
side M.S. Flats with 12 mm clear opening between the bars at downstream side (10 mm at upstream
side) and rake getting engaged at the bottom of the bars and disengaging at the top of the bars thus in
the process of removing the screenings. The rake will have spring loaded action for cushioning and
providing feathering action over the materials stuck in the bars. Stroke of the raking mechanism can
be adjusted. Rake will be driven through worm gear drive with 1440 RPM and of required HP motor.
Fasteners and anchor bolts shall be in M.S. galvanized construction.
2.3

ELEVATED GRIT CHAMBER


Hydraulic retention time

60 seconds at peak flow of 57.375 MLD per tank.

Nos...

2+1 standby total 3 nos.

Hydraulic retention time


60 seconds at peak flow of 57.375 MLD per tank.
Settling velocity.
2.0 cm/sec. Maximum.
Constant horizontal velocity
15 to 30 cm/sec
Size 8.0 m. x 8.0 m. x 1.45m.depth
Nos 2 working + 1 standby (total 3 nos.)
Floor level. RL. 128.90 m.
Top water level . RL. 130.35 m.
Free board . 0.45 m. minimum
Chambers sidewalls top level-RL. 130.80 minimum (parallel to flow direction)
Inlet deflector top level
According to grit mechanism details
Outlet wall top level
As required
Platform resting grit mechanism According to grit mechanism details
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Passage top level


Nos of gates
Bottom level of gate
Size of gates..

Civil Designs

As required
3
As required
As required

Three grit chambers each having capacity of 57.375 MLD flow shall be designed to remove
100 % percent grit particles of 0.15 mm diameter having specific gravity of 2.45. The container wall
depth at outlet side shall not be less than 1.20 M. (diff. Between wall top and floor level). The bottom
300 mm. depth of the grit chamber shall be made circular by casting P.C.C at all corners. Outer
corners of the square grit chamber shall be sloped towards center. One no. C.I. penstock gates at the
inlet side of each grit chamber shall be provided for isolation purpose. Necessary platform at all levels
for operation of GATES, resting GRIT REMOVAL MECHANISM, with suitable R.C.C. stair for
access shall be provided. All platforms/passages shall be provided with GI. PIPE & POST RAILING
to both sides.
The flow from the screen chamber shall be allowed into the grit chamber for removal of grit
matter. The flow into the grit channel will be received through the main channel coming out from the
screen chamber. Individual flow distribution inlet channel to the grit chamber shall be tapered. The
grit chamber shall be square detritus type with central scrapping mechanism for removal of grit. The
out flow from the grit chamber shall be from an over flow weir into the outlet channel, which shall be
tapered. Grit shall be collected through one pocket at suitable location of the chamber and by means
of rake type classifier mechanism in mild steel, epoxy painted; grit shall be washed & discharged into
hopper, which shall be received in a trolley. The organic return pump with suitable motor shall return
the organic matter, at inlet side of the grit chamber.
The central drive shall be made up of worm gears of suitable torque and driven by 1440 rpm
motor of required hp. Suitable drive shaft (pipe shaft) shall be connected with the drive at the top and
shall have guide arrangement at the bottom end. Three nos. of scrappers shall be connected with the
drive shaft at the lower end. Each scrapper shall span the radius of the tank and shall be spaced at 120
degree intervals. Scrapper/raking plate with scooping arrangement at the outer end of the scrapper
shall push the grit towards the openings on the classifier sidewalls at the bottom. The grit shall thus be
pushed to the classifier bottom through the openings in sidewalls. The drive shall be provided with
mechanical shear pin arrangement for overload protection.
The grit chamber works on velocity principle and shall be so designed that only the grit settles
down and organic materials overflows out for further treatment. The velocity in the chamber thus has
to be uniformed and the uniform flow shall have to be maintained at the inlet side of the grit chamber
(detritor). Diffusers at inlet side shall be adequately provided at equidistant, vertically aligned with
central bar embedded and extending from floor up to the chamber top. Necessary arrangement shall
be provided to rotate the diffuser in horizontal plane and thereby shall permit required angle settings.
Diffusers shall be of uniform shape and factory made precast R.C.C. construction covered with steel
sleeve all around. Necessary R.C.C. beam/platform shall be provided to regulate the diffuser from
chamber top.
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Civil Designs

The classifier mechanism shall comprise of reciprocating rake driven by a gear drive fitted
with 1440 rpm and of required HP motor. The gear motor shall provide rotating motion to link
mechanisms that will convert the rotating mechanism to reciprocating raking action. The reciprocating
travel and continuous scooping washes the grit in the classifier and in the process the grit is delivered
from the top of the classifier through a chute for further disposal. Organic Return Pump returns the
washed organic liquor lying in the classifier back to the detritor collection chamber. The classifier
drive shall be provided with mechanical shear pin arrangement for overload protection. There shall
not be moving parts or bearings under the water so that maintenance required becomes minimal.
Flow measuring channel
The outlet channel emerging from the grit chamber shall have necessary arrangement to
observe the discharge ranging from 3.0 MLD to 166.20 MLD with help of parshall flume. The flume
shall be designed for peak flow capacity of 114.75 MLD. A straight uniform channel of minimum 6.0
m. length u/s to flume and minimum 3.0 m. length d/s to flume shall be provided. The throat width of
the flume shall be 1200 mm with required convergent and divergent cone sections. Necessary
platform at suitable levels with M. S. post and G.I. PIPE railing in three rows shall be provided for
inspection purposes with necessary staircases. Dimension of the parshall flume are given below.
Parshall Flume
Length of u/s channel 6.00 m. minimum
Length of d/s channel 3.00 m. minimum
Throat width of flume 1.20 m. minimum
Convergent & divergent cone as required.
Distribution Chamber
Size as required
Top water level . 129.30 m. maximum
Floor level as required
Throat width of flume1.20 m. minimum
Convergent & divergent coneas required.
Bypass line RCC NP41100 mm dia.
Pipe to PST RCC NP4800 mm dia.
Nos of CI sluice gates.3 nos of required size
Distribution chamber for primary settling tank
There shall be a distribution chamber after parshall flume from which bypass pipe with C.I.
penstock gate, having peak flow capacity of 114.75 MLD and connected to plant bypass TRUNK
SEWER at the location shown in the layout plan shall be provided.
Distribution Chamber
Size as required
Top water level . 129.30 m. maximum
Floor level as required

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Throat width of flume1.20 m. minimum


Convergent & divergent coneas required.
Bypass line RCC NP41100 mm dia.
Pipe to PST RCC NP4800 mm dia.
Nos of CI sluice gates.3 nos of required size
Also, a separate pipe for each PST, of RCC NP4 class from the Distribution chamber shall be
provided which will discharge into central pier of PRIMARY SETTLING TANK (PST) as shown in
layout plan. The top level of Distribution chamber shall be extended up to the top level of Parshall
flume. The flow shall be diverted equally through pipeline into the PST as shown in layout plan. CI
Penstoke gates to both these pipe exit at distribution chamber shall be provided. All necessary R.C.C.
platform for operating total three nos. of sluice gates shall be provided at suitable levels. Required
R.C.C. passages with hand-railing etc. shall also be provided as per the detailed approved drawing and
as directed by engineer in charge.
Primary settling tanks (pst)
Two numbers, circular R.C.C. PST shall be provide which shall be designed for an total avg.
flow of 51.00 MLD and flow of filtrate from sludge drying beds and supernatant from sludge digester
and excess sludge. Indicative sizing with RLs is given below.
Hydraulic retention time
2.25 Hours at average flow plus other returned flows
Size 31.50 m. dia. x 3.20 m.depth of side water
Nos 2 nos.
Inner dia of RCC central inlet pier.
2.50 m.
Inner dia of central feed well
5.00 m. to 5.50 m. (i.e. FRP deflector box)
Floor level at side wall base.
RL. 125.90 m.
Floor slope toward center.
1 : 12
Free board
0.50 m. minimum
Top water level of tank . ..
RL. 129.10 m.
Top water level of launder
RL. 128.95 m. maximum
Top of wall.
RL. 129.60 m.
Type of launder..
Double weir type
Central pier bottom level
RL. 123.17 m.
RCC Central pier top level.
As required (minimum RL 129.90 m.)
In calculating detention period, the volume of hopper bottom shall not be considered. The
hopper bottom slope shall be 1 vertical to 12 horizontal towards center. The RCC NP4 feeder pipe
from distribution chamber shall enter in bottom of settling tank and terminate into central feed well.
Required openings of suitable size in the inner face of the central pier shall be provided the central
pier shall extend above TWL so that the scrapper bridge mechanism can easily be installed. Entry port
shall be submerged 0.3 m to 0.6 m below TWL. A platform all around the central pier shall be
provide. The diameter of central feed well shall be 15 % of the diameter of PST, this shall extend 25
mm below maximum TWL and 1.5 m below maximum TWL. The central feed well shall be made of
GRP plates of minimum 8 mm thickness. Deflector box shall be hung from the central pier.

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Peripheral launder of each settling tank shall be designed for peak flow of 114.75 MLD while
designing the peripheral launder half the peak flow shall flow in clockwise direction and half shall
flow in anticlockwise direction, meeting at a point on periphery and flow shall be from upstream to
downstream of the 0.75 m. velocity in the launder shall be minimum of 1.0 m/sec at peak flow. Free
fall from the launder shall not be less than 50 mm with respect to launder crest. Effluent from the
peripheral launder shall be collected at outlet of the settling tank from where through chamber it shall
be conveyed to distribution chamber of the aeration tank.
A series of 90 FRP V Notch shall be provided all along around the periphery of the weir for
uniform distribution of flow. Thickness of FRP plate shall be minimum of 6 mm. The height of the V
notch shall not be lass then 75 mm. Clearance between two V notch at top shall not be less then 50
mm. Bottom of the V notch shall be minimum 25 mm. Above the crest of the trough. It should be
possible to adjust the V notches within the range of 50 mm. V notches shall be fitted on weir by
providing rag bolts made of stain less steel.
Scum skimming arm shall be provided to remove the scum. Scum shall be collected and
discharged into a hopper, provided at the periphery of the settling tank. The scum shall be collected by
means of 300-mm. dia. D.I. pipe provided with a sluice valve into a sump constructed outside the
primary settling tank. Peripheral FRP scum baffle, which shall extend 150 mm. above TWL & 450
mm. below TWL, shall extend 450 mm. ahead of launder. Thickness of FRP baffle shall be 6 mm.
Appropriate disposal arrangement shall be made.
A C.I. telescopic sludge draw-off valve of 300 mm dia. shall be provided. The sludge
deposited at the bottom of the settling tank shall be collected in the sump provided near the
mechanism by scrapper mechanism. The scrapers shall be hung from the bridge and shall have
neoprene squeezes at the lower end for matching the slope. Slip ring collector shall be provided over
central bearing at central point for current distribution to traction drive. All parts of the mechanism
shall be sand blasted and epoxy painted. Peripheral driven PST mechanism suitable for the
designed/approved tank size, comprising half bridge of 1.0 m. width with chequered plates and
handrails, supported on central pier top at central end on center pivot bearing and driven by traction
drive fitted with mild steel wheels at peripheral end shall be provided. Groove for the traction on the
periphery of the PST wall for the moving of the nylon tyred wheels shall also be provided. Traction
drive shall be driven by 1440 rpm and of required HP MOTOR. The sludge from the sump shall be
hydrostatically withdrawn by means of D.I. pipeline of diameter not less than 300mm. This pipeline
shall be provided in the chamber constructed near PST. Tee shall extend 0.6 m above TWL. The
sludge shall be withdrawn and carried to sludge sump of raw sludge pump house. A bridge shall be
provided to have access to the central rotating mechanism. All necessary arrangement for resting the
MOTOR for driving the scraper bridge, M.S. sections for running the cables etc. shall be provided.

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Bypass from distribution chamber of aeration tank:


A bypass channel of suitable size having peak flow capacity of 114.75 mld shall be
constructed from distribution chamber of aeration tank to plant bypass. A penstock gate of suitable
size shall be provided at the opening for the bypass.
Aeration tank :
The secondary treatment shall be based on conventional activated sludge process consisting
of aeration tank with conventional surface aeration system. Two nos. rectangular aeration tank shall
be provided and designed for total-average flow of 114.75 mld capacities plus flow of 25% return
sludge, flow of supernatant, filtrate & excess sludge. The flow into the aeration tank shall be received
through the distribution chamber ahead of aeration tank. Penstock gates of suitable size shall be
provided to control flow to feed channels of AERATION TANK. Sizing with RLs is given below.
Hydraulic retention time
6.0 Hours minimunm at average flow plus other
returned flows
Size
36.00 m. x 72.00 m. x 3.15 m.depth at TWL
(inlet side)
Nos
2 nos.
Free board
1.00 m.
Top water level of tank(TWL)
RL. 128.45 m.
Top of side walls RL. 129.45 m.
Top of central common wall ..
RL. 129.95 m.(minimum)
Top of aerator platform
RL. 129.95 m.(minimum)
Top of all passages..
RL. 129.95 m.(minimum)
Floor level at inlet side wall
RL. 125.30 m.
Floor slope toward outlet side wall.
as required
Top water level of inlet launder .
RL. 128.60 m. (minimum)
Top water level of outlet launder
RL. 128.30 m. (maximum)
Aerators of required H.P (total) in multiple of four for proper distribution of oxygen (air) shall
be provided the aeration tank, which shall be supported on RCC platform supported on columns &
beam, shall be accessible by means of 1200 mm wide walkway. The aeration tank shall be divided
into 2 compartments each with suitable sections shall be provided with aerators of suitable H.P As per
the tentative design 16 nos. of surface fixed type aerators each of 25 HP is worked out. Each radial
flow low speed aerator shall comprise:
Suitable HP electric motor, 1440 rpm, TEFC type, IP 55 PROCTECTION, CLASS F
insulation, vertical flange mounted. Aerator duty HELICAL GEAR BOX with service factor of 2,
drywell arrangement on output shaft to make it oil leak proof, integrally cast MOUNTING BLOCKS
WITH CASTING to facilitate aerator cone immersion adjustment in water. AERATOR CONE of
appropriate technical design statically balanced along with DRIVE TUBE in mild steel, sand blasted
epoxy painted construction. Cone speed shall be nearly 55 rpm and shall not exceed 60 rpm.
MOUNTING STUDS and FASTENERS shall be in mild steel galvanized construction.
After aeration flow shall discharge over outlet which shall be provided with adjustable FRP
weir to adjust the TWL in aeration tank within range of 100 mm. At the outlet end, suitable baffles of
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Civil Designs

adequate size shall be provided to dampen the waves in tank due to aerators. From the outlet weir
which shall be adjustable type the mixed liquor shall flow into a common channel from where main
channel shall be taken to distribution chamber of secondary settling tanks. Some portion of activated
sludge shall be returned to the inlets of each of two compartments of the aeration tank through D.I.
pumping main of suitable diameter. This shall run parallel to the wall of the aeration tank & shall be
provided with necessary cross connections, bends & sluice valve to control the return of activated
sludge into each section of aeration tank. For washout/ scour purpose 450 mm dia pipe with valve of
same size with necessary valves and chamber for each compartment up to plant bypass line by gravity
flow shall be provided.
Distribution chamber for secondary settling tank:
The mixed liquor from outlet of the aeration tank shall be distributed into secondary settling
tank through distribution chamber. The distribution chamber shall be provided with two nos. C.I.
penstock gets of suitable size for dividing & isolating the flow to the secondary settling tank.
Secondary Settling Tank:
Two numbers, circular secondary settling tank with shall be designed for a total average flow
of 51 mld plus return sludge of 25% of the average flow, flow of filtrate from sludge of drying beds,
supernatant from sludge digester and excess sludge. In calculating detention period, the volume of
hopper bottom shall not be considered. The hopper bottom slope shall be 1 vertical to 12 horizontal
towards center. Indicative sizing with RLs is given below.
Hydraulic retention time
2.00 Hours minimum at average flow plus other
returned flows
Size 35.00 m. dia. x 3.50 m.depth of side water
Nos 2 nos.
Inner dia of RCC central inlet pier..
2.50 m.
Inner dia of central feed well. 5.00 m. to 5.50 m.
(i.e. FRP deflector box)
Floor level at side wall base. RL. 124.45 m.
Floor slope toward center. 1 : 12
Free board 0.50 m. minimum
Top water level of tank. RL. 127.95 m.
Top water level of launder RL. 127.80 m. maximum
Top of wall RL. 128.45 m.
Type of launder.. Double weir type
Central pier bottom levelRL. 121.53 m.
RCC Central pier top level As required (minimum RL 128.75 m.)
In calculating detention period, the volume of hopper bottom shall not be considered. The
hopper bottom slope shall be 1 vertical to 12 horizontal towards center. The RCC NP4 feeder pipe
from distribution chamber shall enter in bottom of settling tank and terminate into central feed well.
Required openings of suitable size in the inner face of the central pier shall be provided the central
pier shall extend above TWL so that the scrapper bridge mechanism can easily be installed. Entry port
shall be submerged 0.3 m to 0.6 m below TWL. A platform all around the central pier shall be
provide. The diameter of central feed well shall be 15 % of the diameter of PST, this shall extend 25
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mm below maximum TWL and 1.5 m below maximum TWL. Deflector box shall be hung from the
central pier.
Peripheral launder of each settling tank shall be designed for peak flow of 114.75 MLD while
designing the peripheral launder half the peak flow shall flow in clockwise direction and half shall
flow in anticlockwise direction, meeting at a point on periphery and flow shall be from upstream to
downstream of the 0.75 m. velocity in the launder shall be minimum of 1.0 m/sec at peak flow. Free
fall from the launder shall not be less than 50 mm with respect to launder crest. Effluent from the
peripheral launder shall be collected at outlet of the settling tank from where through chamber it shall
be conveyed to distribution chamber of the aeration tank.
A series of 90 FRP V Notch shall be provided all along around the periphery of the weir for
uniform distribution of flow. Thickness of FRP plate shall be minimum of 6 mm. The height of the V
notch shall not be lass then 75 mm. Clearance between two V notch at top shall not be less then 50
mm. Bottom of the V notch shall be minimum 25 mm. Above the crest of the trough. It should be
possible to adjust the V notches within the range of 50 mm. V notches shall be fitted on weir by
providing rag bolts made of stain less steel. A C.I. telescopic sludge draw-off valve of 300 mm dia.
shall be provided.
The sludge deposited at the bottom of the settling tank shall be collected in the sump provided
near the mechanism by scrapper mechanism. The scrapers shall be hung from the bridge and shall
have neoprene squeezes at the lower end for matching the slope. Slip ring collector shall be provided
over central bearing at central point for current distribution to traction drive. All parts of the
mechanism shall be sand blasted and epoxy painted. Peripheral driven SST mechanism suitable for
the designed/approved tank size, comprising half bridge of 1.0 m. width with chequered plates and
handrails, supported on central pier top at central end on center pivot bearing and driven by traction
drive fitted with mild steel wheels at peripheral end shall be provided. Groove for the traction on the
periphery of the PST wall for the moving of the nylon tyred wheels shall also be provided. Traction
drive shall be driven by 1440 rpm and of required HP MOTOR. The sludge from the sump shall be
hydrostatically withdrawn by means of D.I. pipeline of diameter not less than 300mm. This pipeline
shall be provided in the chamber constructed near PST. Tee shall extend 0.6 m above TWL. The
sludge shall be withdrawn and carried to sludge sump of raw sludge pump house.
A bridge shall be provided to have access to the central rotating mechanism. All necessary
arrangement for resting the MOTOR for driving the scraper bridge, M.S. sections for running the
cables etc. shall be provided.
Treated sewage from the secondary settling tank shall be discharged into chamber and a
pipeline leading to final disposal point.
Sludge digester:
Two digester each of requisite effective capacity (below the TWL) shall be provided with
steel dome. TWL shall be at the bottom of the ring beam. Bottom hopper shall have slope of 1 vertical
to 4 horizontal.

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Size

Civil Designs

21.00 m. dia. x 11.00 m. ht.of side wall excluding


dome with unconfined gas mixing

Nos 2 nos.
Floor slope toward center. 1 : 4
Each digester tank shall be provided with DI/ C.I piping, specials, equipment etc. as per
requirement of design. Minimum of the 200-mm. dia. D.I. sludge feeder main from top with sluice
valves to individual digesters.
Sludge withdrawal D.I pipeline shall be of minimum 300 mm diameter. The pipeline shall be
provided with necessary valves and fitting as required. The pipeline shall start from the center of the
hopper portion. It shall be connected with the RCC overflow chamber provided below ring beam
level. Down take pipe of min 300-mm. diameter from this chamber to sludge drying beds shall be
provided. One sluice valve with Y shape tee connection having blank flanges shall also be provided
in the sludge withdrawal pipeline for each digester for back pressure application/rodding for opening
of chockages etc. The RCC overflow chamber as stated above shall be used for sludge withdrawal and
second portion for supernatant withdrawal. Necessary bends, valve, fitting etc. shall be provided.
Supernatant withdrawal D.I. pipeline 200 mm (min.) diameter with ring for adjusting the levels shall
terminate into the overflow chamber below the ring beam of the digesters and from this chamber
another down take pipe of min 300 mm diameter shall be connected to a common header which leads
to the distribution chamber of primary settling tank. Necessary bends/specials valves shall be
provided.
C.I. gas line of minimum 150 mm diameter with a pressure gauge on the top of digester shall
be provided with gas tight/gas leak proof valves of standard make (as per details of E&M
specifications). It shall be connected to a common header of minimum 150 mm leading to the
gasholders. The C.I. pipelines shall be provided with drip traps at suitable elevations. The grip traps
shall be provided with suitable disposal arrangements.
Each digester shall be provided with inspection manhole suitably located on the dome and
having removable covers and shall be leak proof.
Two-manhole opening of 1.2 m dia each shall be provided in the vertical wall just above
formation level. The mixing of digester contents shall be done by injection compressed gas drawn
from the gasholder. The digester shall work as constant level tanks. Whenever fresh sludge is added,
equal quantity of supernatant & sludge shall overflow.

The

digester

shall

be

tested

both

hydraulically as well as pneumatically with compressed air to withstand a pressure of 250 mm water
gauge to ensure no leakage of gas.
Gas holder (single stage bell) :
There shall be two wet seal gas holder of suitable effective gas holding capacity. Volume is
calculated from TWL in RCC tank during raised position to the springing level of bell. In calculating
the effective capacity the volume of dome portion of bell shall not be considered. The volume location
shall consist of the following.
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Size
Nos

Civil Designs

17 m dia, 6 m ht. excluding dome portion


2 nos.

A circular RCC tank of adequate diameter and height to accommodate ladder between steel
bell and RCC wall shall be provided with RCC floor, partly below ground level. In raised position of
steel bell the top water level in RCC tank shall be 500 mm above the bottom of the bell. A free board
of 500 mm above TWL in RCC tank shall be provided the RCC tank shall have a walkway all around
the tank. A balcony of 1.5 m x 1.5 m with a staircase shall be provided.
A steel bell of circular cylindrical shape for gas storage shall be provided. The gasholder shall
be having gas inlet & outlet pigpens. Control valves, vacuum and pressure relief valve with flume
arrestors.
There shall be a C.I. gas header coming from digester to feed the gasholder tank. Provision
shall be made for burning the gas by connecting gasholder outlet pipeline to the burner. Connection
from outlet shall also be made to compressor to compress gas. The compressed gas shall be supplied
to different digester through main/branch pipelines for mixing of digester content. Adequate number
of valves shall be provided as required for control. The outlet pipe from gasholder shall also supply
sewage gas to compressors to run the burner/ dual-fuel engine. Outlet from gasholder shall have
adequate diameter to serve the above requirement.
The entire control valve provided for gas holder shall be housed inside chamber at suitable
elevation from formation level. Drip traps shall be provided on gas lines entering into and coming out
from gasholder with suitable draining arrangements at suitable elevation.
The gasholder shall be provided with RCC open stepped staircase to have access from the
formation level up to the top RCC tank of the gasholder. At the top of the RCC wall of the tank,
platform and a balcony with G.I. vertical pasts one meter high suitably spaced along the periphery of
the tank. Necessary water connection for filling RCC tank of gasholder shall be provided by the
department near the tank. The contractor shall provide necessary arrangement for filling the tank. The
gasholder shall also be provided with PVC sheet fixed on one of the guide girder of the gasholder.
The PVC sheet shall have graduations marked, to indicate the level. An alarm system shall also be
provided.
Necessary opening of size 1.2 m dia in the vertical wall at the formation level for clear access
to gasholder.
An overflow pipe at suitable elevation having adequate diameter shall be provided and
connected to nearest natural drain.
Gas meter : The gas flow meter having adequate capacity of reputed make as approved by the
department for measuring gas shall be provided and installed in the digester control room.
Gas burner: Adequate number of gas burners (minimum 2 nos.) Shall be provided to burn all the gas
generated in one day.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

83

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

Sludge drying beds : Suitable no. of drying beds shall be provided for the open drying. The size of
each bed shall be 20m x 20m. The filter media shall consist of the following:
First layer from top

255 mm thick clean coarse sand having effective size of 0.5 to


0.75 mm and uniformity coffle cient not more than 4.0

Second layer

75 mm thick of 25 mm size broke stone metal.

Third layer

75 mm thick 32 mm size broken stone metal

Fourth layer

75 mm thick of 75mm broken stone metal

Bottom layer

150 mm of 100-150mm stone soling.

Size
Nos

20.00 m. x 20.00 m. in plan (Brick Masonry Construction)


14 nos.

The under drainage system shall consist of brick masonry lateral drain at 6 m c/c of suitable
size and slope. the filtrate

collection shall be carried into a central covered drain connected to a

chamber outside the bed. This chamber shall and lead eventually to the sump of he filtrate pump
house. All the brick chamber in front of each draying bed shall be provided with precast RCC
removable covers with lifting hooks. The brick masonry chambers on the filtrate pipelines shall be
provided at interval of 30 m for inspection and cleaning. The top of the chamber shall be 0.6 m above
formation ground level or road level. Manhole cover with lifting hooks and manhole with necessary
C.I. rungs for access inside the chamber shall be provided.
The sludge feed channel/ pipelines shall be 300 mm dia of cast iron and shall run over the
partition or common walls. Necessary C.I. crosses/tees with valves shall be provided for feeding
sludge in each drying bed. Provision shall be made for walkway to operate the sluice valves. The
brickwork shall be widened at top to provide walking space to operate the sluice valves. The sludge
shall be discharged at the center of each bed over a 75 mm thick precast concrete splash tray of size
1.0 x 1.0m laid on the sand bed. Necessary brick wall enclosure may be provided arums the platform.
The bottom of the sludge drying bed shall be above the ground water table.
Treated sewage line
Common Chamber for collection of treated sewage
Size as required.
Top Water Level. RL. 127.50 m.
Nos 1 no.
Treated Sewage Out Let pipe 1100 mm dia. RCC NP-4 CLASS
CI Sluice gate on Out Let pipe.. 1 no. of required size.
Raw sludge pump house and control room : A raw sludge pumping station and control room for
primary treatment unit shall be provided as shown in layout plan. The pumping station shall have
wet sump and control room. All electrical and mechanical equipment shall be housed in pump house
and control room.
Size of dry well cum wet well
(with central partition wall)
live storage depth
Height of dry well portion above GL
Capacity of HOT crane..
Nos...

14.00 m. diameter
2.00 m.
4.50 m.
3.00 MT
1 no.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

84

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

Sludge from primary settling tank shall be withdrawn hydrostatically from the DI pipeline and
will be collected in the wet sump of pump house. The sludge will be pumped into the digesters
through D.I. pumping main of 200 mm diameter minimum into digester.
Return sludge pump house and control room: Return sludge pump house with control room for
final settling tank shall be provided as show in layout plan. The pumping station shall have wet sump
and dry sump of required size and control room. All electrical, mechanical equipment shall be housed
in pump house & control room.
Size of wet well .
(with central dry well)
Size of dry well .
Height of dry well portion above GL..
Capacity of HOT crane..
live storage depth
Nos...

20.00 m. diameter
8.00 m. diameter
4.50 m.
3.00 MT
2.00 m.
1 no.

Sludge from secondary settling tank shall be withdrawn hydrostatically into the wet sump of
pump house, from where the sludge will be discharged directly into aeration tank through pumping
main. The excess sludge shall be discharged into raw sludge pump house. The return sludge admitted
into aeration tank shall vary from 25% to 75% of the average flow.
Control Room for Aeration Tank :A Control room of 12 m x 8 m as shown in layout plan shall be
provided. All the necessary control required for operation of aeration shall be housed in the control
rooms.
Control Room for Digester, Gasholder and Gas Mixing arrangements: A control room as shown
in layout plan shall be provided. All controls required for operation of digester, gasholder and gas
mixing equipment shall be housed in this control room.
Filtrate Pump house: A filtrate pump for filtrate from sludge drying bed shall be provided as show in
layout plan. The pumping station shall have wet sump. All mechanical and electrical equipment shall
be housed in this pump house. The filtrate shall be pumped through C.I. pumping main to distribution
chamber ahead of primary settling tank.
Substation Building: A substation building shall be provided as show in

layout plan. It shall

consists of following rooms:


1. LT Room
2. HT Room
3. Transformer yard, as required.
Internal roads, Drainage water supply and waste water disposal: Internal roads (approx. 7000 sq
m), culvert wherever required storm water drainage, water supply, sewerage and wastewater disposal
shall be provided. One day of storage of the total water requirement for the plant and service water
shall be provided along with piping and all allied facilities.
Landscape: To add the aesthetic value and nurture the working environment, landscape forms very
important part of the contract.

Objective of landscaping is to enhance oxygenation, aesthetic

appearance, creating an environment conducive for plant operators to work efficiently and attend the
filth with minimum odour problem, plants emitting fragrance, and also ease of visitor to inspect all
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

85

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Civil Designs

units. Landscaping shall include planting of suitable trees and development of grassed areas.
Landscaping in general shall meet ecological and environmental conditions of the site. Plants
selected near sludge drying beds shall have shade and fragrance to facilitate the manure removal
personnel. Such fragrant trees ad shrubs include Saptaparni, Kadam, Parijat, Ixora, Champo and
Borsalli. Shrubs like Bougainvillea and Kadvi mehndi shall be selected for fencing around PTU.
Straight trees like Asopalav shall be planted around aeration tank. Boundary of the STP shall be
covered with tall trees like Gulmohar, Neem, Ashoka, Peltophorum, Keshudo, Shirish, Eucalyptus,
Garmalo, Arjun etc. Depending upon the availability of space, trees shall be planted in single, double
to multiple rows in bunch of 5-10 trees. Trees flowering during the same season shall be planted
together, alternating with each other depending upon the flower color.
E.g. Combinations of
1) Peltophorum (Copper pods) and Gulmohar (Begins to flower in May/June)
2) Garmalo and Gulmohar (Both flower in May/June)
3) Keshudo and Garmalo (Both flower in April)
4) Keshudo and Peltophorum (Both flower in May/June)
Road widths shall determine the size of the tree height and spread to be selected for planting.
Trees suitable for local conditions shall be selected. Medicinal and fruit trees shall be
avoided. To enhance aesthetic beauty, herbaceous flowering plants like Cosmos, Coreopsis,
Tagetes (Galgota), Gaillardia etc. shall also be laid. Berm of the PST/SST shall be provided
with grass turfing.
Security Fencing and Gates for Transformer yard :
Security fencing for the STP plot complex and associated works shall be of 2000mm high
with 230/350 mm thick brick masonry, in cement mortar (1:6), with recessed pointing in cement
mortar (1:3), on both the faces. There shall be concrete coping over brick/random rubble masonry
wall and 750 mm high barbed wire fencing above it. Substation shall have internal fencing as per
Gujarat Electricity Board (GEB) guidelines.
4.5m wide x 2.2m high main steel gates and 1m wide x 2.2 m high steel wicket gate made out
of tubular sections/square bars/flats of welded construction along with the locking arrangement and
posts to match with security fencing shall be provided at appropriate places. Gates shall be painted
with similar synthetic enamel paint.
*********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

86

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Mech & Elect Design

D
Deettaaiilleedd E
Ennggiinneeeerriinngg D
Deessiiggnn-- M
Meecchhaanniiccaall &
&E
Elleeccttrriiccaall

7.1 Necessity of Auxiliary Pumping Stations for Drainage Phase-III


According to the details survey work of the project area, sewerage network have been planned
and designed to collect the sewage from proposed project area to the main pumping station. To avoid
greater depths of excavation, three auxiliary pumping stations have been provided to facilitate the
initial collecting system for further transmission to the main pumping station for smooth and efficient
maintenance.
LOCATIONS OF AUXILIARY PUMPING STATIONS:
Auxiliary pumping station No.01 is proposed to facilitate the areas of Mavdi village.
Similarly, auxiliary pumping station No.2 is provided to facilitate T.P.No.08, 07, 03, 05 & part of 02
near by Kalavad road, in the plot of RMC authority near by A.G.Society situated on Kalavad road.
Gandhigram area of T.P.scheme No.06 is found very flat and no advantage of natural slope is found
for planning of sewers and therefore, an auxiliary pumping station No.03 is provided in this area to
avoid greater depths of excavation of sewer line sections.
MAIN PUMPING STATION:
The main and final pumping station location has been proposed behind the village Raiya,
which will take care to receive sewage flow from all the three proposed auxiliary pumping stations
through transmission main. As per the design criteria, the capacity volume of wet well, invert of
incoming sewer to the pumping station, transmission pipeline designed diameters, I.L. of manhole of
receiving flow from each pumping stations and capacity of pumping machinery of proposed three
auxiliary pumping stations and main pumping stations etc are shown in the following table. Wet well
capacity of proposed pumping stations have been calculated with 30 minutes of detention period of
average flow and the capacity of pumping machinery for deriving required pumps and motors is
calculated for 2.25 peak factor with average flow as per the norms of CPHEEO Manual.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

87

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Mech & Elect Design

STATEMENT SHOWING THE DETIALS OF DESIGNED CAPACITY OF PUMPING STATIONS FOR RAJKOT SEWERAGE PROJECT PHASE-III

Sr
No

Pumping
station

APS-1
Mavdi

2
3

Average
flow
inlet
59

Incoming
sewer
I.L.
131.6

Retention time

Volume

30

107

APS-2
Klv.rd
APS-3
TP-6

326

119.3

30

595

49

121.4

30

90

Main
pumping
station

588

116.75

30

1058

Wet
well
size

suction
pit level

6
mt
dia 3.80
mt H
21x8.1
x 3.5
6
mt
dia 3.20
mt H
37 x 13
x 2.20

127.2

115.8

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

117.2

114.55

details of MH Receiving flow


G.L.
I.L.
Dia
mt
mt
mm

Length
mt

TP-6
/600

138.67

136.29

400 CI

TP-4
/1238
TP6/729

130.09

127.5

131.81

129.81

STP
basin

122.75

126
FRL

MH No

Designed head

Peak
factor

Designed discharge

840

15

2.25

133

900
PSC
400 CI

1566

16.6

2.25

734

650

17

2.25

110

900
PSC 2
Nos.

1000

15

2.25

1323

88

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Mech & Elect Design

STATEMENT SHOWING THE DETAILS OF DESIGNED PUMPS AND MOTORS FOR PUMPING STATIONS FOR RAJKOT SEWERAGE PROJECT PHASE-III

Sr
No

Pumping station

1
2

APS-1 Mavdi
APS-2
Kalavad Road
aPS-3 TP-6
Main
pumping
station Raiya.

3
4

Head mt

Operative
Nos

HP

2
4

Pumps
No.pumps
Q
per
standby
pump
in
LPS
1
67
2
183.50

15
16.6

2
4

30
65

2
4

1
2

17
15

2
4

17
105

No.pumps
operative

55
331

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Motors
standby
Nos.

HP

Design
load HP

Demand
load KV

1
2

30
65

60
260

45.45
196.96

1
2

25
105

50
420

37.88
318.18

89

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Mech & Elect Design

7.2 Criteria proposed for Mechanical works


The selection of pumps and pumping main shall be based on the following criteria for designed head
and discharge requirements
a)

For large size pumping station, having peak flows more than 1 m3/sec, while provision will
be made for automatic start and stop, system would be capable of being operated manually.

b)

Not more than tow starts and stops per hours will be considered for manual operation of
pumps

c)

the need for one or more pumping mains will be decided from consideration of minimum
velocity requirement and variation of head on the pumps.

d)

Mechanically operated screens for large APS and manually operated screens for small APS
shall be provided before the wet well to prevent clogging of pumps

e)

Forced ventilation system shall be provided for terminal sewage pumping stations.

f)

Sewage level indicator for the wet well (Mechanical type) shall be provided for APS

g)

Depending upon capacity, depth, site conditions and ease in operation and maintenance either
rectangular or circular configuration shall be provided.

h)

Depending upon configuration, either horizontal type or vertical type pumps will be selected.
Consideration is given for submersible pumps for APS No.01 and APS No.03.

7.3 Criteria proposed for Electrical Aspects


The following are the criteria considered for electrical works:
a)

Power Distribution
The distribution scheme will be based on the group of estimated loads for each sewage
pumping station. This will comprise HT switch gear, transformer and LT switch gear.

b)

Motors:
Induction motors suitable for 415 V, 50 Hz supply will be provided. They will either be of
squirrel cage, or slip rig type with screen protected drip proof IP 23 construction depending
upon the supply authority's conditions of power supply. Motors will be corrosion protected to
meet environment likely to be encountered at sewage pumping station / treatment plant.

c)

Cabling
HT cables will be XLPE or PILC insulated aluminum conductors with steel armour and
overall PVC sheathing. cables used for power distribution at 415/240 v will be of aluminum
conductor with PVC insulation, steel armour and overall pvc sheathing. xlpe insulated cables
will be used where found beneficial in terms of current carrying capacity vis--vis termination
requirement.

d)

Lighting
The lighting system provided will comprise fluorescent lighting fittings in dry well and other
indoor areas and post top lantern or swan neck type fluorecent fittings for outdoor areas.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

90

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Mech & Elect Design

Indoor as well as outdoor lighting when beneficial will be using energy efficient discharge
lamp fittings.
e)

Control
Push button starter will be provided for manual start and stop of motors with specific
concurrence from RMC automatic operation would be considered.

f)

Safety Earthing
Earthing grid comprising mild steel conductors with adequate corrosion factor and suitably
located GI pipes electrodes for safety earthing system will be provided. Conductors exposed
to atmosphere will be galvanized to take care of atmospheric corrosion. whole installation
shall be carried out as per IS:3043.

7.4 Pumping Mains of APS & MPS


Various alternative for providing rising main from each APS have been examined considering
the best suited located of Manhole of collective system and length and diameter of pumping main
pipeline with category of pipe material for economic power consumption of all APS as well as MPS.
For designed discharge 2.25 peak factor has been taken into account for smooth pumping during peak
hours. Pumping main also have been designed for peak flow of the system for all pumping stations.
Following table shows the details of all rising mains of the collective system of the project.

Pumping Station
A.P.S.01
MAVDI
A.P.S.01
KALAVAD RD.
A.PS.01
GANDHIGRAM
MAIN
PUMPING STN.
RAIYA

Diameter
pipeline
400 MM

of Category
& Length of pipe Flow receiving
class of pipe
in m.
MH
PSC class
840
No.600/TP-8

900 MM

PSC. 10 kg/cm2

1566

No.1238/TP-4

400 MM

PSC class

650

No.729/TP-6

900 MM
P.S.C.
twin LINE or kg/cm2
1300 dia single
line

10 1000

FRL OF STP
STILLING
CHAMBER

********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

91

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Recommendations

R
mm
meennddaattiioonn
Reeccoom

8
8.1 Issues and Performance Assessment

Followings issues are identified for drainage & storm water components
a. Polluted Aji river
b. Low Population coverage
c. Use of natural water drainage for sewerage
d. Use of open gutter and septic tanks due to inadequate drainage net work in merged
area
Performance Assessment of the Drainage System are identified as follow:
Attributes
Component
Treatment
% of Wastewater Treated
Service Coverage % of Pop Covered by
Underground Drainage
% HH area covered by
Sewerage Under ground
drainage
Service Cost and Connection Cost per
Efficiency
Sewerage Connection
Cost Recovery

Indicator Unit
55
%
60
%
55

500

Rs./
Conn.
%

40

8.2 SWOT Analysis


SWOT Analysis : Drainage
STRENGTH

Rationale Planning
Availability of Competent Expertise and Technical know-how
Profound experience in the Operations of Systems in the Region
Public support and cooperation
Adequate availability of distribution networks and sewerage systems
Efficient Capital Improvement Planning

WEAKENESS
Lack of public awareness with respect to operations of RMC
Topography of the city results in high capital investments
Recovery of taxes and charges insufficient to support operation & maintenance
Low tax rates/ water charges and Irregular revision of tax rates.
No perennial water sources
Lack of awareness with regards to recycling and reuse of wastewater

OPPORTUN ITY
Private Sector Participation in the delivery of basic services
Capital Market /JnNURM fund is available to undertake urban infrastructure schemes

TRE ATS

Development Control Regulations not framed to facilitate infrastructure provision


Ground/ Soil characteristics do not facilitate permeability and retention of water
Low rainfall in the region
Rapid urbanization of the region

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

92

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Recommendations

8.3 Recommendation
Following recommendations are recommended as follows:

Technical recommendations

1. To Carry out work under Phase- II ( Part-I)


2. To Carry out work under Phase- II (Part-II)
3. To Carry out work under Phase- III (Part-I)
4. To Carry out work under Phase- III (Part-II)
5. To develop storm water project
Financial recommendations

1. To eliminate cross subsidy in the drainage service


2. To rise drainage tax every year by 25 % till fully sustainability
3. To increase scope of the privatization
4. To adopt following management options
Management Options

Relying on current practice to deal with domestic wastewater treatment and its related
problems in Rajkot is very complicated and difficult. Several changes have to be made immediately to
provide satisfactory service and to stop further environmental deterioration.
The domestic wastewater problems that require changes are:

Community awareness

Waste water minimization and Water conservation:

Pricing and financing

Packaging of the water and waste water services:

Regulation and corporation

Community Awareness
The success of any sanitation project is critically depends upon the effective advocacy of the
project to the people and public awareness. Public awareness plays a very important role in success of
sanitation project and especially where they have to pay for sanitation service. Many sanitation
projects which are well designed but failed due to lack of public awareness and two way
communication between the project designer and community and community events.
Community awareness is still poor and the government is still too dominant to deal with the
problems. Reliance on either the community or the government for solutions to the problem cannot
achieve a desirable environment. Information and campaigns are needed to generate society
consciousness to provide better environments. Transferring the information to people from diverse
Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

93

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Recommendations

background of the domestic wastewater problem is crucial. Visualizing the damage that will occur
from wastewater problems has to be easy to understand by the entire community. Preventing pollution
is better than solving the problems once it has occurred. Public awareness can be built through
effective two way communication, advocacy of the projects through mass media, advertising and
using people participatory approach in planning and implementation of the project.

Two way communication:


In past it has been observed that in many projects which are designed at higher level are failed
due to lack of two way communication. Now it has been recognized from the past experience that the
top-down approach in recent policy must be changed to a partnership approach. Communication and
cooperation from both the community and the Corporation are required. Communication and
cooperation can be approached through community consultation. It can be achieved through open
discussions between the Corporation and the community to raise community awareness. Before
designing and implementing sanitation project, the direct and indirect benefits gained from the
sanitation services should be reveal to the community through group meeting. In group meeting, the
aims and goals to be achieved from the sanitation service should be discussed and suggestions are
invited. According to suggestion and discussion held with group meeting necessary changes should be
made.
Advocacy planning.
Advocacy consists of the organization of information into an argument to be communicated
through various interpersonal, mass media and other stake holders. It is very necessary to gain
political and social support for the success of sanitation system. Any other sanitation projects which
are successfully implemented and benefit gained by the citizens in other city should be published,
with a view to gain community and political support.
Community participatory approach:
Participatory approach in designing and implementation of any project is the best way to
create public awareness. In participatory approach, stake holders are supported to analyse their own
situation and to come up with solutions that are most suited for their situation. For success of
participatory approach, it should be started with top most stake holder and then slowly involved the
lower most stake holders. In this view participation from the community should be started from the
top level such as political leaders, social leaders, NGOs and voluntary organizations to the individual.
The participatory approach in sanitation projects should be carried out in following manner.

First identify the top most stake holders such as political leader, community leader and NGOs
who are working at grass root level.

Before designing a detailed sanitation project a meeting should be held with the top most
stake holders and brief of the sanitation projects should be discussed. And suggestions are
invited.

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Recommendations

According to discussion and suggestion made by the top most stake holders, necessary
changes should be made and detail design of the project planning should be carried out.

After designing the project, the aim, goals to be achieved through the sanitation services
should be display for the public.

Also ward wise meeting with the people should be held with the help of the community as
well as political leaders and NGOs. In the meeting general brief of the project including
financial aspects are discussed and suggestions are invited.

After receiving the suggestions, a general meeting should be held to discuss the suggestions
made by the people and necessary changes should be made. Also in general meeting financial
aspects are discussed in detail. Because for any project cost recovery is more important and
also it is very sensitive issue for community as well as politicians if people have to pay for the
service that they will receive.

In this context, alternatives regarding following issue should be given to the community
members

Technology and service level option based on willingness to pay and affordability,

Whether to participate in the project,

When and how the service are delivered,

How their services are operated and managed

How funds are managed and accounted for

After making appropriate selection implementation of the project should be carried out.

Community events:
Community events are also helpful in creating public awareness. Community events like
environmental day/ sanitation day should be celebrated with involving the community as active
participant. If possible environment and living condition improvement through sanitation
improvement should be coupled with the community festivals. To motivate and increase the
awareness of people regarding environmental and sanitation improvement, competitive situation
should be developed among the different part of the city.
Seminars regarding the environment improvement should be arranged periodically and people
are allow to take participation freely.
Waste water minimization and Water conservation:
Rajkot city always face water scarcity so it is necessary for Rajkot Municipal Corporation to
formulate the strategy that promotes water conservation. Water conservation reduces the volume of
sewage requiring collection and treatment. The benefits of water conservation include reduced cost of
facilities for water supply and wastewater treatment, and reduced impacts in the region from which
surface or ground water supplies are abstracted.

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Recommendations

Conventional off-site wastewater treatment systems are generally capital-intensive and


require expertise for operation and specialised operators. It is therefore preferable to investigate
options to reduce wastewater production, before investing in wastewater treatment technology. Waste
water minimization aims at the reduction and prevention of waste water at the source and minimises
the use of resources and reduces the waste discharged into the environment. It consists of practices
that reduce the use of water, energy, and other natural resources at source.

Reducing domestic water consumption is a very effective way to reduce sewage


volume and makes treatment cheaper. Demand management, water saving technologies in
households and for example, re-using grey wastewater for toilet flushing may yield
significant reductions in required sanitation capacity.

*******

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

C
Coosstt E
Essttiim
maattee

9
9.1 General

Preliminary cost estimates for various components of proposed Drainage projects are presented
here. The proposed works are divided in phase wise manner and it is scheduled to complete within
seven years. The proposed works are categorized as follows:
Work under Phase-II (Part-I)
1. The work of collective system with house connection in remaining area Phase-II part-I
2. Installation of pumping machinery for additional load
3. Extension of existing sewerage treatment plant by 44.5 MLD
4. Power connection
5. Compound wall & area development at STP
Work under Phase-III (Part-I)
6. Collective system and house connection
7. Construction of STP of capacity 51 MLD disposal work
8. Pumping station with pumping machinery and pumping main
9. Purchase of equipment and Misc work

9.2 Based for Cost Estimate


1.

Collective system/ Development of site office / Compound wall/ Pumping stations or


Infrastructure development work

Based on the Rajkot Municipal Corporation Schedule of

Rates (SOR) - 2005 the rates are adopted to get abstract sheet. The measurement sheets for each
idea are prepared as per the standard civil engineering practice. The specifications for the works
shall generally conform to the stipulations made in Specifications for Road and Bridge
Works (Itch Edition August 2000) of MORT&H.
For the purpose of analysis the rates of materials, labour and machineries has been
determined as:
1.

The Hire Charges of Plant and Machineries as approved by the MOST&H are given in the
updated data book and the same has been adopted. For the plant & machineries used in the
analysis but not covered in the data book, prevailing market rates have been adopted
wherever considered appropriate.

2.

Updated rates of material, labour and machineries has been further verified with the market
rates and was found to be at par with the market rates.

3.

The overhead charges include the following elements:




Site accommodation, setting up plant, access road, water supply, electricity and general
site arrangements.

Office furniture, equipment and communications

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Expenditure on safeguarding environment.

Sundries

Financing Expenditure

Sales/Turn over tax

Cost Estimate

 Work Insurance/compensation
Contractors profit has been taken uniformly as 10 %, over the cost of items
2. Development of new STP:
Based on the actual market rate a unit cost of Rs.22 Lakhs /MLD has been adopted for
treatment plants on actual (recently contracted other similar work by Rajkot Municipal
Corporation Electrical & mechanical works at pumping stations, an average cost rate of
Rs.25000/KW has been adopted on basis of experience on similar jobs.
3. SW/RCC/PS pipes :
It has been finalized to use Stoneware Pipes / RCC pipe or PS pipes. The present prevailing
rates of all these pipes are adopted from the rate contract of GWSSB. And the rest of labour
work Rajkot Municipal Corporation current SOR is being followed.

9.3 Cost Estimate for Phase-II (Part-1)


ABSTRACT OF COST ESTIMATE FOR PHASE-II (PART-1)
Sr
No
1
2

3
4
5

Name of the component

Estimated cost in Rs. Lakhs

Collective system and house connections


600
Installation of additional non-clog C.F. pumping
285
machinery in existing pump house - total no. of sets 9
a) Popatpara main pumping station 1200 cu mt per
hour against head of 42 mt 4 sets.
b) Bedipara pumping station 480 cu mt per hour
against head of 23 mt 2 sets
c) Bedinaka pumping station 950 cu mt per hour 17
mt head 2 sets
d) Housing Board pumping station 350 cu mt per
hour 13.5 mt head 1 set
Extension of sewage treatment plant with extended
1120
aeration process with sludge digester 44.5 mld capacity.
Additional power connection at Madhapar plant
30
Compound wall at Madhapar plant
15
2050
Total
Rupees Twenty Crore Fifty Lakhs Only/-

______________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Name of Work :Providing, lowering, laying, jointing and testing work for collective system along with house
connection system under Phase-II Part-I work of underground sewerage project of Rajkot in for
remaining areas of old city.
Item
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
No.
1.0
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes incl. All safety provisions using
site rails etc. including refilling the
trenches & stacking the excavated stuff up
to a lead of 90mt as directed.
1.1
UP TO 1.50mt depth
1.1.1
118993
In all sorts of soil and soft murrum, hard
39.50
M3
47,00,223/murrum, boulders, and macadam road.
1.1.2
11855
In hard rock and soft rock
135.00
M3
16,00,425/1.2
1.50mt to 3.00mt
1.2.1
6156
In all sorts of soil and soft murrum, hard
47.50
M3
2,92,410/murrum, boulders, and macadam road.
1.2.2
8032
In hard rock and soft rock
166.50
M3
13,37,328/1.3
3.00mt to 4.50mt
1.3.1
205
In hard rock and soft rock
199.50
M3
40,897/1.4
4.50mt to 6.00mt
1.4.1
In hard rock and soft rock
252.50
M3
2.0
7274.00 Providing C.C. bedding in 1:3:6 (M 100)
M3
85,10,580/1170.00
using 12 to 20mm machine crushed metal
incl. Consolidation curing etc. complete.
(C-type bedding as per type design)
3.0
Providing, supplying, lowering, laying and
jointing Stoneware pipes in C.M. 1:1 of
following diameters in proper position
grade and alignment as directed by
Engineer-in-charge including labour,
giving necessary testing etc., complete
including cost of jointing materials
including all the taxes, duties, freight,
insurance etc. complete.
3.1
57490
For 100mm dia Stoneware pipes
85.00 RMT
48,86,650/3.2
51300
For 150mm dia Stoneware pipes
130.00 RMT
66,69,000/3.3
2360
For 200mm dia Stoneware pipes
190.00 RMT
4,484400/3.4
1026
For 250mm dia Stoneware pipes
280.00 RMT
2,87,280/3.5
500
For 300mm dia Stoneware pipes
390.00
1,95,000/Providing and constructing house
4.0
connection chambers as per type design in
brick masonry in C.M. 1:4 and inside
plastering in C.M. 1:3 necessary coping in
C.C. M-200 and fixing of RCC frame and
cover (But excluding supply of frame and
covers) over house connection chambers
etc., complete (excluding excavation) as
per stipulation in the type design
complete.
4.1
1126.00 House connection chamber as per type
770.00
Nos.
8.67.020/design (Depth upto 0.60 mt.)

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Item
No.
4.2

Qty

Item

8390.00

House connection chamber as per type


design (Depth above 0.60 mt and upto 1.0
mt.)
Providing and constructing Sewer
manholes, scraper manholes as per the
type design in brick masonry in C.M. 1:4
and inside and outside plastering in C.M.
1:3 necessary coping in C.C. M-200 fixing
C.I./ reinforced plastic Steps and fixing
manhole frame and covers (But excluding
supply of manhole frame and covers) over
manholes/ scraper manhole etc. complete,
as per the stipulation in the type design
complete.(Excluding excavation)
Manhole type "A-1" Circular type having
inside diameter of 900 mm for depth upto
1.00 mt.
Manhole type "A-1" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Manhole type A circular type having
inside diameter of 1200mm for depth up to
1.5m depth.
Manhole type A as above but up to 1.0
M depth
Extra depth beyond 1.0 M but up to 1.5M
depth for A type manhole above
Manhole type B circular type having
inside diameter of minimum 1500mm and
for depth from 1.5M to 4.0 M.
Manhole type B as above but up to 1.5
M depth.

5.0

5.1

5.1.1

256

5.2

5.2.1.

1026

5.2.2

103

5.3

5.3.1.

646.00

5.3.2

462.00

5.4

5.4.1

5.00

5.4.2

6.0

6.1

Cost Estimate

102

Rate

Per

Amount

1000.00

Nos.

83,90,000/-

1550.00

No.s

3,96,800/-

2640.00

Nos.

27,08,640/-

1632.00

RMT

1,68,096/-

4960.00

Nos.

32,04,160/-

2604.00

RMT

12,03,048/-

15456.00

Nos.

77,280/-

4068.00

RMT

20,340/-

708.00

Nos.

72,216/-

Extra depth beyond 1.5M but up to 4.0 M


depth for type B manhole above.
Manhole type C circular type having
inside diameter of minimum 1500 mm and
for depth 4.0 M to 6.0M
Manhole type C as above but up to 4.0
M depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.0 M and up to 6.0M
depth for type C manhole above.
Providing constructing vertical drop
arrangement of 0.6 m and more height as
required including providing and jointing
special such as double T.Bend required
Stoneware pipe fixed in M-100 C.C. at
required level as type design cutting
jointing and filleting as per specification
etc. complete.
Vertical drop arrangement as above up to
0.6 M height.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

100

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Item
No.
6.2

102

7.0

47311

8.0

9515

9.0

1282

10.0

556

11.0
11.1

Qty

11.2

49248.0
0
5130.00

12.0

7797.00

Cost Estimate

Item

Rate

Extra over Item No.6.1 above for


additional drop beyond 0.6 M.
Removing the surplus earth after refilling
the trenches as directed with in the
Municipal Corporation limits including
transportation,
loading,
unloading,
spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying RCC pre-cast
manhole frame and covers 5 T.M.D. as per
specifications
Providing, supplying R.C.C. Pre-cast
manhole frame & covers 10 T.MD. as per
specifications.
Providing, supplying R.C.C. Pre-cast
manhole frame & covers 20 T.MD. as per
specifications.
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional asphalt surface

Per

Amount

552.00

RMT

56,304/-

33.00

M3

15,61,263/-

600.00

1 Pair

57,09,000/-

690.00

One
pair

8,84,580/-

900.00

One
pair

5,00,400/-

18.00

Sq. Mt

8,86,464/-

Paver asphalt surface

26.00

Sq. Mt

1,33,380/-

Making holes in manhole with repairing


complete

20.00

Nos.

1,55,940/-

Total
Rs.5,99,99,124/Say Rs.6,00,00,000/(Rupees Six crores only)

______________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

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Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Name of work:-Augmentation of Drainage Pumping Machinery S.E.T.C. of Non-Clog Pumping


Machinery.
:: A B S T R A C T FOR ESTIMATE STATE-II (PART-I) ::
Item
Qty.
Short Description of
Rate
Unit
Amount
S.O.R.
No.
work.
In Figure
Rs.
Ps.
Number
S.E.T.C. of Non-clog
sewage pump set
along with suitable
motor starter panel
with all associated
accessories
like
voltmeter-Amp meter
SPP O/L Relay its
cabling earthing etc.
Manifold
as
per
requirement of DI
pipes and specials
S.V.- H.R.V. with
erection,
testing,
commissioning
for
pump sets, duty point
of which is as
mentioned below.
1
2 sets
MR
150 KW Bedinaka-C
950 m3/hr 17 mt head
75 KW motor x 2 =
150 KW
2
2 sets
MR
Bedipara-F
90 KW
480 m3/hr 23.0 mt
head 45 KW x 2 = 90
KW
3
1 set
MR
Housing Board-B
22 KW
350 m3/hr head =13.5
mt 22 KW -1
4
4 sets
MR
880 KW Popatpara-I
1200 m3/hr - 42 mt
220 KW x 4 = 880
KW
Total 1142
25000/- KW
2,85,50,000/- MR
KW
Say
2,85,50,000/-

______________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

102

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Name of work:-Construction of pre-cast RCC compound wall around Sewage Treatment Plant at
Madhapar.
:: A B S T R A C T FOR ESTIMATE :: Stage-II Part-I
Item
Qty.
Short Description of
Rate
Unit
Amount
S.O.R.
No.
work.
In Figure
Rs.
Ps.
Number
1

2500.00
Rmt

145.00
Cu. Mt

145.00
Cu. Mt

2500.00
Rmt

150.00
Cu. Mt

Providing and fixing


pre-cast RCC column
and
slab
as
per
specification complete
(including the cost of
transportation)
Excavation in soft and
hard murrum upto 1.50
mt depth complete.
Cement concrete work
for fixing the columns in
1:2:4 proportion using
1.5 to 2.0 cm size coarse
agg.,
curing
etc.
complete.
Fixing present RCC
column and slab in line
and level, jointing the
same with cement paste
as per specification,
curing etc complete.
Supplying
of
hard
murrum and spreading
the
same
as
per
instruction complete.

456.00

Rmt

11,40,000/- MR

39.50

Cu mt

1450.00

Cu mt

2,10,250/- 62

74.00

Rmt

1,85,000/- MR

55.00

Cu mt

Total
Say

5727-50 23+28
2

8250/- 702

14,99,227-50
15,00,000-00
(Rupees Fifteen lacs only)

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

103

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Drainage Phase-II (For Old City Area) (PART-I)


DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, PROCUREMENT, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY, STORAGE AT SITE,
ERECTION, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING OF ALL MECHANICAL AND ELECTRIC
EQUIPMENTS, INSTRUMENTATION AND ALL PIPINGS ETC COMPLETE FOR SEWAGE
TREATMENT PLANT OF 44.5 MLD CAPACITY TO BE CONSTRUCTED NEAR EXISTING
SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT AT MADHAPAR.
Sr
No
1

Qty

Description

Work of design, engineering,


44.5
supply
of
materials,
MLD
construction,
erection
and
cap.
installation
of
equipment,
machinery, piping, instruments,
painting works, including civil
and structural work, and testing
and commissioning successful 3
months trial runs and training
RMC operating personnel.
Operating and maintaining the
sewage
treatment
plant
proposed near existing sewage
treatment plant at Madhapar for
12
months
including
guaranteeing the entire plant
and its performance and treated
effluent quality, all labour,
materials, piping, instruments,
etc complete as per scope of
work, special conditions of
contract, design, drawings and
specifications approved by the
department and as per directions
of Engineer-in-charge.
6000 Construction of internal road
Sq. mt
Total Estimated Cost in Rs

Rate

Unit

2500000/- 1 MLD

125/- sq mt

Amount

11,12,50,000/-

7,50,000/11,20,00,000/-

Say Rs. in Lakhs


1120/Rupees Eleven Crore twenty lakhs only/-

Detailed break up of cost of Sewage Treatment Plant


1. Civil works
Rs. 18.23 Lakh per MLD
2. Mechanical / Electrical/ Automation work
Rs. 5.85 Lakh per MLD
3. Piping work
Rs. 0.92 Lakh per MLD
-----------------------------Total
Rs.25.00 Lakh per MLD
___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

104

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4 Cost Estimate for Phase-III (Part-1)


SUMMARY OF ESTIMATED PROJECT COST
Sr. No.
1

3.

Description

Rs. in Lakhs

1860.76

Collective System
a. TP scheme 1 (Part I)

158.87

b. TP scheme 1 (Part II) & TP

504.00

scheme- 4
c. TP scheme 6

227.40

d. TP scheme 2

118.61

e. TP scheme 3

185.72

f. TP scheme 5

179.14

g. TP scheme 7

97.42

h. TP scheme 8

258.00

i. Slums (Mavdi)

131.60
1404.59

House Connections
a. TP scheme 1 (Part I)

163.16

b. TP scheme 1 (Part II) & TP

303.45

scheme- 4
c. TP scheme 6

162.65

d. TP scheme 2

131.65

e. TP scheme 3

137.76

f. TP scheme 5

111.57

g. TP scheme 7

61.89

h. TP scheme 8

233.65

i. Slums (Mavdi)

98.81
293.06

Pumping Stations ( Civil works)


a. APS 1 (Mavdi)

18.32

b. APS 2 (Kalawad Rd.)

142.51

c. APS 3 (Gandhigram)

21.09

d. MPS (Raiya )
4.

Total Rs. in Lakhs

111.14
139.60

Rising Mains ( Pipe lines- of PS)


a. APS 1 (Mavdi)

11.77

b. APS 2 (Kalawad Rd.)

61.38

c. APS 3 (Gandhigram)

9.32

d. MPS (Raiya )

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

57.13

105

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr. No.
5.

Description

Cost Estimate

Rs. in Lakhs

245.25

Pumping Machinery & Erection


a. APS 1 (Mavdi)

22.50

b. APS 2 (Kalawad Rd.)

78.00

c. APS 3 (Gandhigram)

18.75
126.00

d. MPS (Raiya )
6.

Sewage Treatment Plant &


Disposal
a. 51 MLD STP

Total Rs. in Lakhs

1328.81
1275.00

b. Outfall pipelines

Total
Add 5% Contingency charge
TOTAL
Say Rs.

53.81
5272.07
263.60
5535.67
5536

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

106

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4.1 Estimates of Collective System of Phase-III (Part-1)


BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 1 part 1, T.P. 1
No.

Qty

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1
2

22970
9850
5420
5420
1820
70

1160
3

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4

18900
930
290
390

3.1.5
70
3.1.6
210
3.1.7
260
3.1.8
290

Item
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety provisions
using side rails etc. including refilling
the trenches & stacking the excavated
stuff up to a lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum, hard
murrum, boulders, & macadam roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6 (M100)
using 12 to 25 mm machine crushed
metal incl. consolidation, curing, etc
complete. ( c type bedding as per type
design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone ware
pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1 of
following dia. In proper position grade
& alignment as directed by engineer in
charge incl. conveyance from stores to
site of work, labour, giving hydraulic
testing as per IS code, etc. complete
incl. cost of jointing materials.
for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 450 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 500 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

39.5
135

M3
M3

907315
1329750

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

257450
902430

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

363090

35+40/2

252.5

M3

17675

36+41/2

1170

M3

1357200

616/2

130
190
280

RMT
RMT
RMT

2457000
176700
81200

855/3
855/4
855/6

256

RMT

99840

906

602

RMT

42140

918

638

RMT

133980

919

707

RMT

183820

920

853

RMT

247370

921

1133

RMT

135960

921-A

3.1.9
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
120 pipes

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

107

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Cost Estimate

Item

4.1

4.1.1
411
4.1.2
60
4.2

4.2.1
302
4.2.2
260
4.3

4.3.1
4
4.3.2
1
4.4

4.4.1
3
4.4.2
6

Providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM 1:3
& out side plastering CM 1:3 necessary
coping in RCC M200, fixing CI steps &
fixing manhole frame & covers. (but
excluding supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever necessary
as per the stipulation in the type design
complete (excl. excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type having
inside dia. of 1200 mm for depth upto
1.50 mt. for 150 mm to 500 mm dia
sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 600 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
Manhole type "C" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 1800 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto 4.0
mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI" rectangular
type for 600 mm dia to 1200 mm dia
sewer pipes & for depth 2.5mt. To 9.0
mt.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI" as above but
upto 2.5 mt. depth
Extra depth beyond 2.5 mt. & upto 9.0
mt. depth for type "SI" scraper manhole
as above.

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

2640

NOS.

1085040

608/1

1632

RMT

97920

608/2

4960

NOS.

1497920

608/3

2604

RMT

677040

608/4

15456

NOS.

61824

608/5

4068

RMT

4068

608/6

15240

NOS.

45720

610/1

4596

RMT

27576

610/2

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

108

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

5530
6
543
7
180
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

7822
7822
23702
15643

Cost Estimate

Item
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with in
the Municipal Corporation limits incl.
spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

182490

SOR
No.

33

M3

712

690

1
PAIR

374670 659+660

900

1
PAIR

162000 666+668

18
26

M2
M2

140796
203372

43
44

55
85

M2
M2

1303610
1329655
15886621

MR
MR

Say. Rs15887000
Only Rupees One Cores fifty eight lakhs eighty seven thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

109

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 1 part 2 T P No.4

No.

Qty

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1

51520
22080
15540
15540
9840
1180

2
3880

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.1.8
3.1.9
3.1.10

Item
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
bedding as per type design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.

33650 for 150 mm dia SWG pipes


1870 for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
710 for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
760 pipes
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
1430 pipes
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
510 pipes
for 450 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
70 pipes
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
650 pipes
for 800 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
870 pipes
for 1000 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipe
1330

Rate

Per

39.5
135

M3
M3

2035040
2980800

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

738150
2587410

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

1963080

35+40/2

252.5

M3

297950

36+41/2

1170

M3

4539600

616/2

130
190
280

RMT
RMT
RMT

4374500
355300
198800

855/3
855/4
855/6

256

RMT

194560

906

602

RMT

860860

918

638

RMT

325380

919

707

RMT

49490

920

1133

RMT

736450

921-A

1654

RMT

1438980

923

2495

RMT

3318350

925

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Amount

SOR

110

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.
3.8
3.8

Qty
1920
360

4.1

4.1.1

728

4.1.2
90

4.2

4.2.1

579

4.2.2
480
4.3

4.3.1

45

4.3.2
20
4.4

Item
Rate
for 1200 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
3082
for 1600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
4740
providing & constructing sewer
manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per
the type design in brick masonry in
CM 1:3 & out side plastering CM
1:3 necessary coping in RCC M200,
fixing CI steps & fixing manhole
frame & covers. (but excluding
supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding
supply of manhole covers) over
scraper manholes etc. complete,
providing & fixing safety chain
wherever necessary as per the
stipulation in the type design
Manhole type "A" circular type
having inside dia. of 1200 mm for
depth upto 1.50 mt. for 150 mm to
500 mm dia sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but
upto 1.00 mt. depth.
2640
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but
upto 1.50 mt. depth for "A" type
manhole above.
1632
manhole type "B" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 600 mm dia
sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
4960
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but
upto 4.00 mt. depth for "B" type
manhole above.
2604
manhole type "C" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 1800 mm dia)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
15456
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but
upto 6.00 mt. depth for "C" type
manhole above.
4068
Scraper manhole pipe "SI"
rectangular type for 600 mm dia to
1200 mm dia sewer pipes & for
depth 2.5mt. To 9.0 mt.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Cost Estimate

Per

Amount

SOR

RMT

5917440

927

RMT

1706400

929

NOS.

1921920

608/1

RMT

146880

608/2

NOS.

2871840

608/3

RMT

1249920

608/4

NOS.

695520

608/5

RMT

81360

608/6

111

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.
4.4.1
4.4.2

7
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

Qty

Cost Estimate

Item

Scraper manhole pipe "SI" as above


22 but upto 2.5 mt. depth
Extra depth beyond 2.5 mt. & upto
9.0 mt. depth for type "SI" scraper
30 manhole as above.
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed
with in the Municipal Corporation
19420 limits incl. spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC
1:2:4 incl. finishing etc. complete.
946 10 T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC
1:2:4 incl. finishing etc. complete.
406 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
17525 Conventional Asphalt surface
17525 Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
53107 WBM
35050 Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

15240

NOS.

335280

610/1

4596

RMT

137880

610/2

33

M3

640860

712

690

1 PAIR

652740 659+660

900

1 PAIR

365400 666+668

18
26

M2
M2

55
85

M2
M2

315454
455656

SOR
No.

43
44

2920871
MR
2979288
MR
50389408.63
Rs. 50400000
Only Rupees Five Crore four lakhs

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

112

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1
1.5
1.5.1

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6

3.1.8

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 6


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety provisions
using side rails etc. including refilling
the trenches & stacking the excavated
stuff up to a lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum, hard
M3
1207910 23+28/2
39.5
30580 murrum, boulders, & macadam roads.
13110 in hard rock & soft rock
135
M3
1769850 33+38/2
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
8030 in soft soil & hard murrum
47.5
M3
381425 24+29/2
166.5
M3
1336995 34+39/2
8030 in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
199.5
M3
1206975 35+40/2
6050 in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
1730 in hard rock & soft rock
252.5
M3
436825 36+41/2
6.00 to 7.50 mt. depth
290 in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6 (M100)
using 12 to 25 mm machine crushed
metal incl. consolidation, curing, etc
complete. ( c type bedding as per type
1170
M3
1790100
616/2
1530 design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone ware
pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1 of
following dia. In proper position grade
& alignment as directed by engineer in
charge incl. conveyance from stores to
site of work, labour, giving hydraulic
testing as per IS code, etc. complete
incl. cost of jointing materials.
26050 for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
130
RMT
3386500
855/3
840 for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
190
RMT
159600
855/4
280
RMT
11200
855/6
40 for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
190 pipes
RMT
48640
906
256
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
RMT
222740
918
370 pipes
602
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
40 pipes
RMT
25520
919
638
for 500 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
RMT
725050
921
853
850 pipes
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
240
1133
RMT
271920
921-A

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

113

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

492

4.1.2
70
4.2

4.2.1

299

4.2.2
250
4.3

4.3.1

Cost Estimate

56

4.3.2
40
6

10
7

providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM 1:3
& out side plastering CM 1:3 necessary
coping in RCC M200, fixing CI steps &
fixing manhole frame & covers. (but
excluding supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever necessary
as per the stipulation in the type design
complete (excl. excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type having
inside dia. of 1200 mm for depth upto
1.50 mt. for 150 mm to 500 mm dia
sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 600 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 1800 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto 4.0
mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Manhole type "D1" as above but upto
6.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 6.00 mt. but upto
10.00 mt. depth for "D1" type manhole
above.
Manhole type "S1" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.

Rate

Per

2640

NOS.

1298880

608/1

1632

RMT

114240

608/2

4960

NOS.

1483040

608/3

2604

RMT

651000

608/4

15456

NOS.

865536

608/5

4068

RMT

162720

608/6

22764

NOS.

136584

608/7

2592

RMT

25920

608/8

15240

NOS.

106680

610/1

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Amount

SOR
No.

114

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

20
5
7550
6
645
7
215
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

10335
10335
31318
20670

Cost Estimate

Item
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "S1" type manhole
above.
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with in
the Municipal Corporation limits incl.
spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

4596

RMT

91920

610/2

33

M3

249150

712

690

1 PAIR

445050 659+660

900

1 PAIR

193500 666+668

18
26

M2
M2

186030
268710

55
85

M2
M2

1722505
1756955

43
44

MR
MR
22739670
Rs. 22740000
Only Rupees Two Crore Twenty Seven Lakhs Forty Thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

115

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 2


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1

18630
7990
3930
3930
1140
10

2
900

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.6

Cost Estimate

16510
470
320
450
40

Excavation for sewer line trenches,


manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type bedding
as per type design)
Lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.
for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
providing & constructing sewer
manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM
1:3 & out side plastering CM 1:3
necessary coping in RCC M200,
fixing CI steps & fixing manhole
frame & covers. (but excluding
supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers

39.5
135

M3
M3

735885
1078650

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

186675
654345

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

227430

35+40/2

252.5

M3

2525

36+41/2

1170

M3

1053000

616/2

130
190
280

RMT
RMT
RMT

2146300
89300
89600

855/3
855/4
855/6

256

RMT

115200

906

638

RMT

25520

919

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

116

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

345

4.1.2
50

4.2

4.2.1
4.2.2

231
91

4.3

4.3.1

4.3.2
1
4.4

5
3710
6
437
7
145
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

Cost Estimate

6382
6382
19340
12764

Manhole type "A" circular type


having inside dia. of 1200 mm for
depth upto 1.50 mt. for 150 mm to
500 mm dia sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 600 mm dia
sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
manhole type "C" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 1800)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI"
rectangular type for 600 mm dia to
1200 mm dia sewer pipes & for depth
2.5mt. To 9.0 mt.
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with
in the Municipal Corporation limits
incl. spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10
T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20
T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

2640

NOS.

910800

608/1

1632

RMT

81600

608/2

4960

NOS.

1145760

608/3

2604

RMT

236964

608/4

15456

NOS.

92736

608/5

4068

RMT

4068

608/6

122430

712

33

M3

690

1 PAIR

301530 659+660

900

1 PAIR

130500 666+668

18
26

M2
M2

114876
165932

55
85

M2
M2

1063700
1084940

43
44

MR
MR
11860266
Say Rs..11861000
Only Rupees One Crore Eighteen Lakhs Sixty One Thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

117

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 3 T P No.3


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1

21200
9080
6460
6460
6160
1540

2
1490

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.9
3.1.10

16200
560
280
190
890

Excavation for sewer line trenches,


manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type bedding
as per type design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.
for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes

for 800 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class


460 pipes
for 900 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
450 pipes

39.5
135

M3
M3

837400
1225800

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

306850
1075590

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

1228920

35+40/2

252.5

M3

388850

36+41/2

1170

M3

1743300

616/2

130
190
280

RMT
RMT
RMT

2106000
106400
78400

855/3
855/4
855/6

256

RMT

48640

906

602

RMT

535780

918

1654

RMT

760840

923

1945

RMT

875250

923

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

118

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

326

4.1.2
50

4.2

4.2.1

213

4.2.2
190

4.3

4.3.1

65

4.3.2
50
4.4

Cost Estimate

providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM
1:3 & out side plastering CM 1:3
necessary coping in RCC M200,
fixing CI steps & fixing manhole
frame & covers. (but excluding
supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever
necessary as per the stipulation in the
type design complete (excl.
excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type
having inside dia. of 1200 mm for
depth upto 1.50 mt. for 150 mm to
500 mm dia sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 600 mm dia
sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 1800 mm dia
sewer)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI"
rectangular type for 600 mm dia to
1200 mm dia sewer pipes & for depth
2.5mt. To 9.0 mt.

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

2640

NOS.

860640

608/1

1632

RMT

81600

608/2

4960

NOS.

1056480

608/3

2604

RMT

494760

608/4

15456

NOS.

1004640

608/5

4068

RMT

203400

608/6

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

119

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.
4.4.1
4.4.2

7
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

Qty

Cost Estimate

Item

Scraper manhole pipe "SI" as above


5 but upto 2.5 mt. depth
Extra depth beyond 2.5 mt. & upto
9.0 mt. depth for type "SI" scraper
15 manhole as above.
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with
in the Municipal Corporation limits
6750 incl. spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
457 incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
152 incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
7175.48 Conventional Asphalt surface
7175.48 Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
21744 WBM
14357 Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

15240

NOS.

76200

610/1

4596

RMT

68940

610/2

33

M3

222750

712

690

1 PAIR

315330 659+660

900

1 PAIR

136800 666+668

18
26

M2
M2

129159
186562

55
85

M2
M2

1195920
1220345

43
44

MR
MR
18571546
Rs.. 18572000
Only Rupees One Crore Eighty Five Lakhs Seventy Two Thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

120

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 5

No.

Qty

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1

19220
8240
6670
6670
4300
140

2
1630

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.6
3.1.7

11920
420
450
1750
330
400

3.1.9
160
3.1.120
3.1.13

1160
40

Item
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
bedding as per type design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.
for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 450 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 1000 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 1100 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

39.5
135

M3
M3

759190
1112400

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

316825
1110555

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

857850

35+40/2

252.5

M3

35350

36+41/2

1170

M3

1907100

616/2

130
190
280

RMT
RMT
RMT

1549600
79800
126000

855/3
855/4
855/6

256

RMT

448000

906

638

RMT

210540

919

707

RMT

282800

920

1133

RMT

181280

921-A

2495

RMT

2894200

925

2718

RMT

108720

927

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

121

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

240

4.1.2
30
4.2

4.2.1

220

4.2.2
220
4.3

4.3.1

22

4.3.2
10
4.4

4.4.1

Cost Estimate

10

4.4.2
2

providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per
the type design in brick masonry in
CM 1:3 & out side plastering CM 1:3
necessary coping in RCC M200,
fixing CI steps & fixing manhole frame
& covers. (but excluding supply of
manhole frame & covers)over
manholes & house connections,
chambers & fixing manhole covers
(but excluding supply of manhole
covers) over scraper manholes etc.
complete, providing & fixing safety
chain wherever necessary as per the
stipulation in the type design
complete (excl. excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type having
inside dia. of 1200 mm for depth upto
1.50 mt. for 150 mm to 500 mm dia
sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 600 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 1800 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI"
rectangular type for 600 mm dia to
1200 mm dia sewer pipes & for depth
2.5mt. To 9.0 mt.
Scraper manhole pipe "SI" as above
but upto 2.5 mt. depth
Extra depth beyond 2.5 mt. & upto 9.0
mt. depth for type "SI" scraper
manhole as above.

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

2640

NOS.

633600

608/1

1632

RMT

48960

608/2

4960

NOS.

1091200

608/3

2604

RMT

572880

608/4

15456

NOS.

340032

608/5

4068

RMT

40680

608/6

15240

NOS.

152400

610/1

4596

RMT

9192

610/2

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

122

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

6920

Removing the surplus earth after


refilling the trenches as directed with
in the Municipal Corporation limits
incl. spreading etc. complete

33

M3

228360

712

369

Providing, supplying & fixing the


manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 T,MD

690

1 PAIR

254610

659+66
0

900

1 PAIR

110700

666+66
8

18
26

M2
M2

115884
167388

43
44

55
85

M2
M2

1072940
1094375

7
123
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

Cost Estimate

6438
6438
19508
12875

Providing, supplying & fixing the


manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

MR
MR
17913411
Rs..17914000
Rupees One Crore Seventy Nine Lakhs Fourteen Thousand Only.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

123

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1
1.5

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.4

3.1.8

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 7


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum, hard
10190 murrum, boulders, & macadam roads.
M3
402505 23+28/2
39.5
4370 in hard rock & soft rock
135
M3
589950 33+38/2
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
47.5
M3
167200 24+29/2
3520 in soft soil & hard murrum
3520 in hard rock & soft rock
166.5
M3
586080 34+39/2
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
3590 in hard rock & soft rock
199.5
M3
716205 35+40/2
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
520 in hard rock & soft rock
252.5
M3
131300 36+41/2
6.00 to 7.50 mt. depth
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6 (M100)
using 12 to 25 mm machine crushed
metal incl. consolidation, curing, etc
complete. ( c type bedding as per type
1170
M3
807300
616/2
690 design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1 of
following dia. In proper position grade
& alignment as directed by engineer in
charge incl. conveyance from stores to
site of work, labour, giving hydraulic
testing as per IS code, etc. complete
incl. cost of jointing materials.
6550 for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
130 RMT
851500
855/3
190 RMT
36100
855/4
190 for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
160 for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
280 RMT
44800
855/6
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
40 pipes
10240
906
256 RMT
for 500 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
810350
921
853 RMT
950 pipes
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
1133 RMT
820 pipes
929060
921-A
for 800 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
66160
923
1654 RMT
40 pipes

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

124

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

131

4.1.2
21
4.2

4.2.1

99

4.2.2
100
4.3

4.3.1

Cost Estimate

40

4.3.2
20
6

10

providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM 1:3
& out side plastering CM 1:3 necessary
coping in RCC M200, fixing CI steps &
fixing manhole frame & covers. (but
excluding supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever necessary
as per the stipulation in the type design
complete (excl. excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type having
inside dia. of 1200 mm for depth upto
1.50 mt. for 150 mm to 500 mm dia
sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 600 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 1800 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "C" as above but upto 4.0
mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Manhole type "S1" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "S1" type manhole
above.

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

2640

NOS.

345840 608/1

1632

RMT

34272 608/2

4960 NOS.

491040 608/3

2604

RMT

260400 608/4

15456 NOS.

618240 608/5

4068

RMT

81360 608/6

15240

NOS.

91440 610/1

4596

RMT

45960 610/2

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

125

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

5
3550
6
206
7
70
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

Cost Estimate

3421
3421
10366
6841

Removing the surplus earth after


refilling the trenches as directed with in
the Municipal Corporation limits incl.
spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 T,MD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

33

Per

Amount

SOR

M3

117150

712

142140

659+
660

63000

666+
668

61572
88938

43
44

1
690 PAIR
1
900 PAIR
18
26

M2
M2

55
85

M2
M2

570114
MR
581516
MR
9741731
Rs. 9742000
Rupees Ninety Seven Lakhs Forty Two Thousand only/.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

126

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 8


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR

1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.4
1.4.1

33400
23170
7160
7160
4320
550

2
1820

3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.1.8

28690
1070
230
210
1030
260
690

Excavation for sewer line trenches,


manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
roads.
in hard rock & soft rock
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
in soft soil & hard murrum
in hard rock & soft rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
bedding as per type design)
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.
for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 450 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes

39.5
135

M3
M3

1319300
3127950

23+28/2
33+38/2

47.5
166.5

M3
M3

340100
1192140

24+29/2
34+39/2

199.5

M3

861840

35+40/2

252.5

M3

138875

36+41/2

1170

M3

2129400

616/2

130
190

RMT
RMT

3729700
203300

855/3
855/4

256

RMT

58880

906

602

RMT

126420

918

638

RMT

657140

919

707

RMT

183820

920

1133

RMT

781770

921-A

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

127

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

Item

4.1

4.1.1

632

4.1.2
70
4.2

4.2.1

361

4.2.2
260
4.3

4.3.1

Cost Estimate

46

4.3.2
30
5
19420
6
759

providing & constructing sewer


manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM 1:3
& out side plastering CM 1:3 necessary
coping in RCC M200, fixing CI steps &
fixing manhole frame & covers. (but
excluding supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever necessary
as per the stipulation in the type design
complete (excl. excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type having
inside dia. of 1200 mm for depth upto
1.50 mt. for 150 mm to 500 mm dia
sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 600 mm dia sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type having
inside dia of minimum 1500 mm & for
depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00 mt. (for 150
mm to 1800 mm dia )
Manhole type "C" as above but upto 4.0
mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
above.
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with in
the Municipal Corporation limits incl.
spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 TMD

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

2640

NOS.

1668480 608/1

1632

RMT

114240 608/2

4960 NOS.

1790560 608/3

2604

RMT

677040 608/4

15456 NOS.

710976 608/5

4068

33

RMT

M3

1
690 PAIR

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

122040 608/6

640860

712

523710

659+
660

128

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

7
260
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

11731
11731
35550
23463

Cost Estimate

Item
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 T,MD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

1
900 PAIR
18
26

M2
M2

55
85

M2
M2

Amount

SOR

234000

666+
668

211158
305006

43
44

1955250
MR
1994355
MR
25798310
Say..Rs..25800000
Rupees Two Crore Fifty Eight Lakhs.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

129

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR COLLECTIVE SYSTEM OF T.P. SCHEME NO. 8 slum


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
Excavation for sewer line trenches,
manholes including all safety
provisions using side rails etc.
1
including refilling the trenches &
stacking the excavated stuff up to a
lead of 90 mt. as directed.
1.1
Up to 1.50 mt. depth
In all sorts of soil & soft murrum,
1.1.1
hard murrum, boulders, & macadam
14980 roads.
39.5
M3
591710 23+28/2
1.1.2
6420 in hard rock & soft rock
135
M3
866700 33+38/2
1.2
1.50 to 3.00 mt. depth
1.2.1
4350 in soft soil & hard murrum
47.5
M3
206625 24+29/2
1.2.2
166.5
M3
724275 34+39/2
4350 in hard rock & soft rock
1.3
3.00 to 4.50 mt. depth
1.3.1
3950 in hard rock & soft rock
199.5
M3
788025 35+40/2
1.4
4.50 to 6.00 mt. depth
1.4.1
252.5
M3
361075 36+41/2
1430 in hard rock & soft rock
1.5
6.00 to 7.50 mt. depth
1.5.1
280 in hard rock & soft rock
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
2
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type bedding
M3
1041300
616/2
890 as per type design)
1170
lowering, laying and jointing stone
ware pipes & RCC pipes in CM 1:1
of following dia. In proper position
grade & alignment as directed by
engineer in charge incl. conveyance
3
from stores to site of work, labour,
giving hydraulic testing as per IS
code, etc. complete incl. cost of
jointing materials.
3.1.1
10780 for 150 mm dia SWG pipes
130
RMT
1401400
855/3
3.1.2
1110 for 200 mm dia SWG pipes
190
RMT
210900
855/4
210 for 250 mm dia SWG pipes
280
RMT
58800
855/6
for 300 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
3.1.4
RMT
25600
906
100 pipes
256
for 350 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
3.1.5
602
270 pipes
RMT
162540
918
for 400 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
3.1.6
RMT
102080
919
160 pipes
638
for 450 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
3.1.7
RMT
127260
920
707
180 pipes
for 500 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
RMT
853000
921
1000
853
No.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

130

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.
3.1.8

Qty
260

4.1

4.1.1

262

4.1.2
30

4.2

4.2.1

138

4.2.2
130
4.3

4.3.1
4.3.2

32
30
9

10

Item
for 600 mm dia RCC & NP-3 class
pipes
providing & constructing sewer
manholes, scraper manholes & unit
house connection chamber, as per the
type design in brick masonry in CM
1:3 & out side plastering CM 1:3
necessary coping in RCC M200,
fixing CI steps & fixing manhole
frame & covers. (but excluding
supply of manhole frame &
covers)over manholes & house
connections, chambers & fixing
manhole covers (but excluding supply
of manhole covers) over scraper
manholes etc. complete, providing &
fixing safety chain wherever
necessary as per the stipulation in the
type design complete (excl.
excavation)
Manhole type "A" circular type
having inside dia. of 1200 mm for
depth upto 1.50 mt. for 150 mm to
500 mm dia sewer.
Manhole type "A" as above but upto
1.00 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.00 mt. but upto
1.50 mt. depth for "A" type manhole
above.
manhole type "B" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 1.5 mt to 4.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 600 mm dia
sewer)
Manhole type "B" as above but upto
1.50 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 1.50 mt. but upto
4.00 mt. depth for "B" type manhole
above.
manhole type "C" circular type
having inside dia of minimum 1500
mm & for depth from 4.0 mt to 6.00
mt. (for 150 mm to 1800 mm dia
Manhole type "C" as above but upto
4.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 4.00 mt. but upto
6.00 mt. depth for "C" type manhole
Manhole type "D1" as above but upto
6.0 mt. depth.
Extra depth beyond 6.00 mt. but upto
10.00 mt. depth for "D1" type
manhole above.

Cost Estimate

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

1133

RMT

294580

921-A

2640

NOS.

691680

608/1

1632

RMT

48960

608/2

4960

NOS.

684480

608/3

2604

RMT

338520

608/4

15456

NOS.

494592

608/5

4068

RMT

122040

608/6

22764

NOS.

204876

608/7

2592

RMT

25920

608/8

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

131

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

5
12460
6
331
7
110
9
9.1
9.2
10
10.1
10.2

5239
5239
15874
10477

Cost Estimate

Item
Removing the surplus earth after
refilling the trenches as directed with
in the Municipal Corporation limits
incl. spreading etc. complete
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 10 TMD
Providing, supplying & fixing the
manhole frames & covers in CC 1:2:4
incl. finishing etc. complete. 20 TMD
Breaking of pavement surface
Conventional Asphalt surface
Paver Asphalt surface
Re- instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR

33

M3

411180

712

690

1 PAIR

228390

659+66
0

900

1 PAIR

99000

666+66
8

18
26

M2
M2

94293
136201

43
44

55
85

M2
M2

873082
890543

MR
MR
13159627
Say..Rs13160000
Rupees One Crore Thirty One Lakhs Sixty Thousand Only.
___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

132

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4.2 Estimates of House Connections of Phase-III (Part-1)


BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 1
No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount SOR No.

22030

36150

1930

4
4.1

3254

4.2

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Excavation in all soils, soft & hard


murrum etc. complete with refilling
the trenches.
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt
glazzed stone ware pipe class "A"
incl. jointing material.
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm
machine crushed metal incl.
consolidation, curing, etc complete.
( c type bedding as per type design)
House connection chamber as per
type design
Up to 0.60 mt. depth

1085 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
4338 capacity.
27530 Breaking of pavement surface
2892 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the
13660 site etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
27530 WBM
16518 Asphalt

39.5

M3

870185

23+28/2

RMT

3072750

855/2

1170

M3

2258100

616/2

770

NOS.

2505195

614

1000

NOS.

1084500

612

600
18
20

1 PAIR
M2
NOS.

2602800
495540
57840

657+659
43
592

33

M3

450780

712

55
85

M2
M2

1514150
1404030

85

MR
MR
16315870
Say Rs. 16316000
Only Rupees One Crore Sixty Three lakhs Sixteen thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

133

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 1 Part 2 & T.P. 4

No.

Qty

41190

3600

67600

4
4.1

6084

4.2

2028

5
6
7

8112
51480
5408

8
9
10
11

20850
51480
30888

Item
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
the trenches.
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
bedding as per type design)
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl.
jointing material.
House connection chamber as per
type design
Up to 0.60 mt. depth
Above 0.60 mt. depth
Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
capacity.
Breaking of pavement surface
Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
WBM
Asphalt

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

39.5

M3

1627005

23+28/2

1170

M3

4212000

616/2

85

RMT

5746000

855/2

770

NOS.

4684680

614

1000

NOS.

2028000

612

600
18
20

1
PAIR
M2
NOS.

4867200
926640
108160

657+659
43
592

33

M3

688050

712

55
85

M2
M2

2831400
2625480

MR
MR
30344615
Rs. 30345000
Only Rupees Three Crore Three Lakhs Forty five thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

134

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 6


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
39.5
1
26200 the trenches.
M3
1034900 23+28/2
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt
glazzed stone ware pipe class "A"
2
43000 incl. jointing material.
RMT
3655000
855/2
85
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
3
2290 bedding as per type design)
M3
2679300
616/2
1170
House connection chamber as per
4
type design
4.1
3870 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770
NOS.
2979900
614
4.2

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

1290 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
5160 capacity.
32750 Breaking of pavement surface
3440 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the
12120 site etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
32750 WBM
19650 Asphalt

1000

NOS.

1290000

600
18
20

1 PAIR
M2
NOS.

33

M3

399960

55
85

M2
M2

1801250
1670250

612

3096000 657+659
589500
43
68800
592
712

MR
MR
19264860
Rs19265000
Only Rupees One crore ninty two lakhs Sixty five thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

135

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 2


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling the
39.5 M3
1
17730 trenches.
700335 23+28/2
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl. jointing
2
29100 material.
855/2
85 RMT 2473500
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6 (M100)
using 12 to 25 mm machine crushed
metal incl. consolidation, curing, etc
complete. ( c type bedding as per type
3
1550 design)
1813500
616/2
1170 M3
House connection chamber as per type
4
design
4.1
2619 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770 NOS. 2016630
614

No.

4.2
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

873 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing pre-cast
3492 RCC frame & cover 5 MT capacity.
22160 Breaking of pavement surface
2328 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
12050 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
22160 WBM
13296 Asphalt

1000 NOS.
1
600 PAIR
18 M2
20 NOS.

873000

612

2095200 657+659
398880
43
46560
592

33

M3

397650

55
85

M2
M2

1218800
1130160

712

MR
MR
13164215
Say Rs.13165000
Only Rupees One crore Thirty One lakhs Sixty Five thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

136

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

3
4
4.1
4.2
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 3


Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling the
18550 trenches.
M3
732725 23+28/2
39.5
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl. jointing
30450 material.
2588250
855/2
85 RMT
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6 (M100)
using 12 to 25 mm machine crushed
metal incl. consolidation, curing, etc
complete. ( c type bedding as per type
1630 design)
M3
1907100
616/2
1170
House connection chamber as per type
design
2741 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770 NOS.
2110185
614
914 Above 0.60 mt. depth
Providing, supplying & fixing pre-cast
3654 RCC frame & cover 5 MT capacity.
23190 Breaking of pavement surface
2436 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
12350 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
23190 WBM
13914 Asphalt

1000
600
18
20

NOS.
1
PAIR
M2
NOS.

913500

33

M3

407550

55
85

M2
M2

1275450
1182690

612

2192400 657+659
417420
43
48720
592
712

MR
MR
13775990
Rs13776000
Rupees One Crore Thirty Seven Lakhs Seventy Six Thousand Only/.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

137

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 5


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
39.5
1
14990 the trenches.
M3
592105 23+28/2
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl. jointing
2
24600 material.
2091000
855/2
85 RMT
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type bedding
3
1310 as per type design)
M3
1532700
616/2
1170
House connection chamber as per type
4
design
4.1
2214 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770 NOS.
1704780
614
4.2
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

738 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing pre-cast
2952 RCC frame & cover 5 MT capacity.
18740 Breaking of pavement surface
1968 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
11020 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
18740 WBM
11244 Asphalt

1000
600
18
20

NOS.
1
PAIR
M2
NOS.

738000

33

M3

363660

55
85

M2
M2

1030700
955740

612

1771200 657+659
337320
43
39360
592
712

MR
MR
11156565
Say Rs.11157000
Rupees One Crore Eleven Lakhs Fifty Seven Thousand Only/-

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

138

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 7


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
39.5
1
8410 the trenches.
M3
332195 23+28/2
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl.
2
13800 jointing material.
RMT
1173000
855/2
85
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
3
740 bedding as per type design)
M3
865800
616/2
1170
House connection chamber as per
4
type design
4.1
1242 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770
NOS.
956340
614
4.2

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

414 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
1656 capacity.
10510 Breaking of pavement surface
1104 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
3900 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
10510 WBM
6306 Asphalt

1000

NOS.

414000

600
18
20

1 PAIR
M2
NOS.

33

M3

128700

55
85

M2
M2

578050
536010

612

993600 657+659
189180
43
22080
592
712

MR
MR
6188955
Say Rs. 6189000
Only Rupees Sixty one lakhs eighty nine thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

139

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 8


No.
Qty
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
39.5
1
31650 the trenches.
M3
1250175 23+28/2
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl.
2
51950 jointing material.
RMT
4415750
855/2
85
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type bedding
3
2770 as per type design)
M3
3240900
616/2
1170
House connection chamber as per
4
type design
4.1
4676 Up to 0.60 mt. depth
770
NOS.
3600135
614
4.2

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

1559 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
6234 capacity.
39560 Breaking of pavement surface
4156 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
17270 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
39560 WBM
23736 Asphalt

1000

NOS.

1558500

600
18
20

1 PAIR
M2
NOS.

33

M3

569910

55
85

M2
M2

2175800
2017560

612

3740400 657+659
712080
43
83120
592
712

MR
MR
23364330
SayRs23365000
Only Rupees Two crore thirty six lakhs five thousand.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

140

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

No.

Qty

13440

22050

1175

4
4.1

1985

4.2

5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Cost Estimate

BILL OF QUANTITIES OF HOUSE CONNECTION WORK


FOR T.P. SCHEME NO. 8 slum
Item
Rate
Per
Amount
Excavation in all soils, soft & hard
murrum etc. complete with refilling
the trenches.
Providing, supplying, lowering &
jointing of 100 mm dia. Salt glazzed
stone ware pipe class "A" incl.
jointing material.
Providing c.c. bedding in 1:3:6
(M100) using 12 to 25 mm machine
crushed metal incl. consolidation,
curing, etc complete. ( c type
bedding as per type design)
House connection chamber as per
type design
Up to 0.60 mt. depth

662 Above 0.60 mt. depth


Providing, supplying & fixing precast RCC frame & cover 5 MT
2646 capacity.
16800 Breaking of pavement surface
1764 Making holes in manholes
Removing surplus earth from the site
6220 etc. complete as directed
Re-instating the road surface
16800 WBM
10080 Asphalt

39.5

SOR
No.

M3

530880

23+28/2

RMT

1874250

855/2

1170

M3

1374750

616/2

770

NOS.

1528065

614

1000

NOS.

661500

612

600
18
20

1 PAIR
M2
NOS.

33

M3

205260

55
85

M2
M2

924000
856800

85

1587600 657+659
302400
43
35280
592
712

MR
MR
9880785
Say Rs.9881000
Rupees Ninety Eight Lakhs Eighty One thousand Only/___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

141

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4.3 Estimates of Pumping Stations Civil work of Phase-III (Part-1)


Sub Estimate
Name of Work : Design, Construction, testing and commissioning of civil component of sewage
pumping station under sewage project phase-III ( Part-1) for Mavdi pumping station APS-01
Abstract-A
Sr.
No.
1
1.1
1.1
.1
1.1
.2
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
2

Quantity

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

EXCAVATION
0.00 to 1.5 mt depth
39.50

cum

3160.00

135.00
210.00
240.00
295.00
337.00
421.25
526.56
1230.00

cum
cum
cum
cum
cum
cum
cum
cum

4050.00
15750.00
18000.00
22125.00
25275.00
31593.75
10531.20
13530.00

23+28/
2
33+38/
2
39
40
11
42
42+55
12+55
278

Brick masonry in CM 1:6 in


foundation and plinth

1059.00

cum

10590.00

114

1:2:4 CC for plinth beam with foam


work including finishing etc.

2358.00

cum

4716.00

294

60.00
1059.00

cum
cum

7800.00
26475.00

103
114

1890.00

cum

4725.00

300

2222.00
2358.00
2660.00
2422.00
2440.00
59.00

cum
cum
cum
cum
cum
Sq. Mt

17220.50
3772.80
3857.00
14410.90
3416.00
11800.00

291
294
295
292
293
157

42.00

Sq. Mt

6762.00

146

12.25

Sq. Mt

1972.25

168

17.00

Sq. Mt

3400.00

170

810.00

Sq. Mt

12150.00

327

80.00

in all soil soft/hard murrum

30.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
75.00
20.00
11.00

do soft / hard rock


1.51 to 3 mt depth in hard rock
3.00 to 4.50 mt in hard rock
4.50 to 6.00 mt hard rock
6.00 to 7.50 mt hard rock
7.50 to 9.00 mt hard rock
9.00 to 10.50 mt hard rock
1:3:6 CC in foundation with 15 mm to
20 mm size kapchi etc complete

3
10.00
4
2.00
5
6

Description

130.00
25.00

7
2.50
8

Refilling the trench in plinth materials


brought from outside
Brick masonry in super structure
in CM 1:6 etc complete
RCC 1:2:4 for footing of columns
with centering shuttering

9
10
11
12
13

7.75
1.60
1.45
5.95
1.40
200.00

14

161.00

15
16

161.00

RCC 1:2:4 for slab with 12 mm to 20


mm size machine crushed kapchi
and necessary centering and
shuttering etc complete
do for beams
do for chhajas
do for columns
do for lintels
20 mm thick sand face cement
plaster in CM 1:3 with sponging etc.
Complete in two coats
12 mm thick cement plaster incl.
finishing in CM 1:3
Water bound distemper in 2 coats

200.00

Snowcem color of approved quality


in two coats over a base coat

17
15.00

steel work for window and ventilation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

142

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr.
No.

Cost Estimate

Description

Rate

Per

Amount

Quantity

18

SOR
No.

20.00

Rolling shutter of approved design


and quality with two coat of oil paint
etc., complete

770.00

Sq. Mt

15400.00

353

30.00
40.00

Kota stone polished tiles of average


18 to 25 mm thick etc complete
Mosaic tiles

240.00
159.00

Sq. Mt
Sq. mt

7200.00
6360.00

178.00

rmt

4450.00

191
202
gwssb
17/160

22.00
138.00

No
No

176.00
4140.00

1091

39.80

Kg

7960.00

2319.00

cum

46380.00

CC in M25 for vertical walls


CC in M25 for top slab
CC in M-25 for beams
Bottom IPS 50 mm thick

4000.00
2868.00
3003.00
77.00

cum
cum
Sq. mt
Sq. mt

284000.00
11902.20
8258.25
2564.10

823
gwssb
d411+5
do 1v1
291
294
208

Cement plaster 20 mm thick in CM


1:3 with water proofing to RCC wall
inside
Providing CI MH cover & frames
fixing of MH frame and cover
providing and fixing water level
indicator

59.00
21.00
2000.00

rmt
No
No

18585.00
2436.00
2000.00

157
gwssb
MR

2450.00

No

2450.00

50.00
3600.00

Kg
Qtl

75000.00
540000.00

gwssb
WWB
302
gwssb

--

100000.00
1416343.95

19

20
21

25.00
22
23
24

8.00
30.00
200.00

25

Rain water pipe CI 100 mm dia comp


Fan hooks from MS bar of 12 mm
dia
Fixing CI steps etc complete
MS section of various size channel,
angle girder etc,
CC in M25 for bottom slab without
centering

20.00
26
27
28
29
30

31
32
33

71.00
4.15
2.75
33.30

315.00
116.00
1.00
1.00

34
35

1500.00
150.00

36

--

Supplying MS special flange


Providing, cutting, placing, TOR steel
including binder wires etc comp with
anticorrosive treatment.
Gates misc. and job work

LS

Say
Rs.

MR

1416400.00
415400.00

Plus Compound wall as per Abstract-B


Total Amount Rs.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

1831800.00

143

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

NAME OF WORK : CONSTRUCTION OF COMPOUND WALL AT MAVDI DRAINAGE PUMPING


STATION ( DRAINAGE PHASE-III ) PART-1 Abstract-B
Sr.
No.
1

Quantity
205.00

11.50

61.50

34.00

2.00

15.00
22.50

7
8
9
10
11
12

7.50
2.00
1.10
9.00
84.00

13

75.00

14
15

11.00
51.00
455.00

16
17

462.00

18
19

390.00
825.00

20
21
22
23
24

142
1.40
1.00
1.00
34.00

25

300.00

26

19.00

27

33.00

Description
Excavation for foundation in soft and
hard murrum with average rate and
depth up to 1.50 mt. with clearing the
site by shifting & spreading
excavated stuff up to 90 mt. lead, as
per instruction.
~~Do~~ In soft & hard rock (Ave.)
~~Do~~ 1.51 to 3.0mt. In soft & hard
rock (Ave.)
~~Do~~ 3.01 to 4.50mt. In soft &
hard rock (Ave.)
Supplying & Fixing R.C.C. pre-cast
Frame & cover (Pair) 20 ton cap.
Supplying, lowering laying & jointing
RCC pipe 600mm Dia NP_3 Class
Supplying, lowering laying & jointing
RCC pipe 600mm Dia NP_2 Class
C.C. Bedding Type C in 1:3:6
Constructing Manhole Type "C"
~~Do~~ Extra depth in Type "C"
P.C.C. 1:4:8 in foundation
Foundation masonry with rubble
cement mortal in 1:6 cement :sand
proportion
Rubble plinth masonry work in C.M.
1:6 & with cement pointing 1:3
C.C. Coping work 1:2:4
Brick masonry with C.M. 1:6
Sand face cement plaster 20mm
thick In C.M. 1:3 ( Double Coat)
Water Proof cement paint two coat
or base coat
Steel work as per instruction
TOR steel work comp. for R.C.C.
work
Patta work on plaster 10cm wide
C.C. in 1:2:4
C.C. in 1:2:4 for beam
C.C. in 1:2:4 for chajja
Fixing steel angle on proper
alignment
Supplying & Fixing Barbed wire in
Fencing
Oil paint work for Door, Windows,
Grills etc. with two coats
Cement plaster Rough cast in C.m.
1:3

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR
No.

39.50

Cu. Mt.

8097.50

135.00

Cu. Mt.

1552.50

166.50

Cu. Mt.

10239.75

199.50

Cu. Mt.

6783.00

900.00

Pair

1800.00

23+28/
2
33+38/
2
34+39/
2
35+40/
2
666+6
68

1133.00
532.00

Rmt.
Rmt.

16995.00
11970.00

921
913

1170.00
15456.00
4068.00
922.00
494.00

Cu. Mt.
Nos.
Rmt.
Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.

8775.00
30912.00
4474.80
8298.00
41496.00

616/2
608/5
608/6
58
64

536.00

Cu. Mt.

40200.00

70

1459.00
1059.00

Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.

16049.00
54009.00

136
114

57.00

Sq. Mt.

25935.00

150

17.00
39.80

Sq. Mt.
Kg.

7854.00
15522.00

170
823

33.00
19
1500.00
2358.00
2660.00

Kg.
Rmt.
Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.

27225.00
2698.00
2100.00
2358.00
2660.00

302
162
281
294
295

8.00

Nos.

272.00

540

7.00

Rmt.

2100.00

538

23.00

Sq. Mt.

437.00

473

37.00

Sq. Mt.

1221.00
352033.50

147

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

144

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Name of Work : Design, Construction, testing and commissioning of civil component of sewage
pumping station under sewage project phase-III ( Part-1) for
Kalawad Road pumping station APS-02
Abstract-A
Sr. No. Quantity
Description
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR No.
1
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2

293
572
835.00

1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
2

830.00
825.0
825.00
800.00
76.00
260.00

3
4

76.00
590.00

5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

657.00
16.00
18.00
57.00
19.00
44.00
13.00
3.00
9.00

14
15
16

2.00
95.00
2510.00

17

435.00

18

780.00

19

295.00

20
21

460.00
18.00

EXCAVATION
0.00 to 1.5 mt depth
in all soil soft/hard murrum
-do- in soft/hard rock
1.51 to 3.0 mt depth in hard
rock
3.01 to 4.5 mt -do4.51 to 6.0 mt -do6.01 to 7.5 m -do7.51 to 9.0 m -do9.01 to 10.5 m -doAnchor fastener 32 mm dia
CRS Fe 500 with drill hole and
supply fixing with pull out test
complete item
PCC in M 100
CC M250 for base slab
without centering
CC M250 for wall
CC M250 for column
CC M200 for column
CC M250 for beams
CC M200 for beams
CC M200 for top slab
CC M250 for top slab
CC M200 for chajja
CC
M200
for
motor
foundation
CC M200 for lintel 2110+110
Brick masonry in CM 1:4
Cement plaster 20 mm thick
with niru finishing (water
proof)
Cement plaster 20 mm thick
with sand fase finishing (water
proof)
Cement plaster 13 mm thick
with niru finish
Kota stone flooring 15 to 25
mm thick with 50 mm c.m.
bedding in 1:3
IPS flooring 50 mm thick
Rolling shutter supplying and
fixing with bearing and top
cover complete

39.5 Cum
135.00 Cum
210.00 Cum
240.00
295.00
337.00
421.25
526.56
850.00

Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
No.s

123.00 Cum
2319.00 Cum
1000.00
3067.00
2655.00
3003.00
2590.00
2868.00
2156.00
2800.00
1920.00

Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum
Cum

11573.5 (23+28)/2
77220.00 (33+38)/2
175350 39
204100.00
213375.00
278025.00
337000.00
10018.56
221000.00

40
11
42
42+55
12+55
MR

93480.00 278
1386762.00 GWSSB
d4-11+5
2628000.00 do 1-VI
49072.00 292-B
47790.00 292-A
171171.00 291
49210.00 294
126192.00 291
105608.00 291
8400.00 295
17200.00 202

2580.00 Cum
1059.00 Cum
59.00 sq mt

5160.00 293
100605.00 114
140090.00 157

59.00 sq mt

25665.00 157

42.00 sq mt

32760.00 116

240.00 sq mt

70800.00 191

77.00 sq mt
770.00 sq mt

35120.00 208
13860.00 353

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

145

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr. No.
22
23
24
25

26
27
28
28.1
28.2
29
30
31

31.1
31.2
32
33

34
35
36
37
38
39

40
41
42.1
42.2
43

Quantity

Cost Estimate

Description

Rate

Per

8.00 steel door supplying fixing as


810.00 sq mt
per instruction
17.00 steel window supplying fixing
810.00 sq mt
as per instruction
8.00 steel ventilation -do810.00 sq mt
3000.00 iron work as per instruction
39.80 kg
grill of channel bolt plates
service min. screen etc.
80.00 CI step supply and fixing
138.00 No.s
6.00 bolt for motor foundation
2500.00
slice gate providing supplying
fixing comp as IS
1.00 -do- for 600 dia pipe
75000.00 Nos.
2.00 -do- for 1200 dia pipe
200000.00 No.s
780.00 plastic paint with two coat and
28.00 sq mt
one coat of primer
435.00 cement paint with two coat and
17.00 sq mt
one coat of primer
supplying providing fixing in
line level and position of RCC
NP3 class pipe with vata
comp.
10.00 -do- 600 mm dia pipe
1133.00 Rmt
20.00 -do- 1200 mm dia pipe
3082.00 Rmt
34.00 Rain water pipe CI 100 mm
178.00 Rmt
dia comp.
1.00 Gauntry with monorail about 3 450000.00 Unit
tons capacity with girder and
hoist complete fittings
1.00 C I Cowl providing and fixing
88.00 Nos.
100 mm dia
35.00 stair case railing as per
410.00 Rmt
specification
1.00 water level indicator
2450.00 Nos.
150.00 M S flange ended specials
25.0 fan hook 12 mm dia
103500 supply providing fixing with
bending binding and hooking
bind with 18 gauge wire
complete item TMT bar
10.00 Glaze tiles (color) supply and
fixing comp
1.00 Indian type w.c. supplying
fixing complete
20.00 G I pipe supply and fixing
complete 15 mm dia
10.00 -do 25 mm dia
1.00 brass wheel valve supply and
fixing 110 mm dia

50.00 Kg
22.00 No.s
36.00 Kg

332.00 sq mt

Amount

SOR No.

6180.00 327
13770.00 327
8400.00 327
119100.00 823

1140.00
15000.00 MR

11330.00 MR
61840.00 MR
11330.00 177
61840.00 170

11330.00 921-1
61840.00 927
6052.00 17/160
450000.00 MR

1056.00 15/160
GWSSB
14350.00 543
2460.00 D16/66
GWSSB
75000.00 ww b 302
550.00 1091
3726000.00 32-b

3320.00 201

270.00 Nos.

27.00 834

49.00 Rmt

980.0 931

101.00 Rmt
133.00 Nos.

1010.00 933
133.00 951

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

146

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr. No.
44
45
46
47.1

48

Quantity

Cost Estimate

Description

Rate

3.00 water tap supply and fixing 15


mm dia
10.00 PVC pipe supply and fixing
110 mm dia
1.00 Flush valve supply and fixing
1.00 wash basin supply and fixing
660 x 410 mm with CI bracket
and west pipe fixing
15.00 UCR masonry in c.m. 1:6

Per

Amount

SOR No.

49.00 No.s

147 939

141.00 Rmt

1410.00 885

264.00 No.s

264.00 835

493.00 No.s

493.00 825

536.00 Cum
Total

8040.00 70
11743967.06
11745000.00

Part-A for wet well office panel room etc.


Part-B for generator room
Total estimate cost PART-A + B
Tender premium 10.71%
Total Rs.

Rs.1,17,45,000-00
Rs. 5,40,000-00
Rs.1,22,85,000-00
Rs. 13,15,000-00
Rs.1,36,00,000-00

Plus compound wall as per abstract-B Rs.


651000-00
Total amount ..Rs.1,42,51,000-00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

147

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

RAJKOT MUNICIPAL CORPORATION


Name of Work : Design, Construction, testing and commissioning of civil component of sewage
pumping station under sewage project phase-III ( Part-1) for Gandhigram pumping station
APS-03
Abstract-A
Sr. No. Quantity
Description
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
No.
1
EXCAVATION
1.1
0.00 to 1.5 mt depth
1.1.1
108.00 in all soil soft/hard murrum
39.50
cum
4266.00 23+28/2
1.1.2
0.00 do soft / hard rock
135.00
cum
0.00 33+38/2
1.2
89.60 1.51 to 3 mt depth in hard rock
210.00
cum
18816.00
39
1.3
89.60 3.00 to 4.50 mt in hard rock
240.00
cum
21504.00
40
1.4
89.60 4.50 to 6.00 mt hard rock
295.00
cum
26432.00
11
1.5
89.60 6.00 to 7.50 mt hard rock
337.00
cum
30195.20
42
421.25
1.6
89.60 7.50 to 9.00 mt hard rock
cum
37744.00
42+55
526.56
1.7
76.60 9.00 to 10.50 mt hard rock
cum
40334.50
42+55
658.20
1.8
65.50 10.51 to 11.87 mt hard rock
cum
43112.30
42+55
1:3:6 CC in foundation with 15
mm to 20 mm size kapchi etc
2
11.50 complete
cum
14145.00
278
1230.00
3
9.50 Brick masonry in CM 1:6 in
cum
10060.50
114
foundation and plinth
1059.00
4
1.30 1:2:4 CC for plinth beam with
foam work including finishing etc. 2358.00
cum
3065.40
294
5
146.50 Refilling the trench in plinth
cum
8790.00
103
materials brought from outside
60.00
6
34.70 Brick masonry in super structure
1059.00
cum
36747.30
114
in CM 1:6 etc complete
7
2.45 RCC 1:2:4 for footing of columns
cum
4630.50
300
1890.00
with centering shuttering
8
7.75 RCC 1:2:4 for slab with 12 mm to
20 mm size machine crushed
kapchi and necessary centering
and shuttering etc complete
2222.00
cum
17220.50
291
9
1.60 do for beams
2358.00
cum
3772.80
294
10
1.45 do for chhajas
2660.00
cum
3857.00
295
11
5.95 do for columns
2422.00
cum
14410.90
292
12
1.40 do for lintel
2440.00
cum
3416.00
293
13
257.00 20 mm thick sand face cement
59.00 Sq. M
15163.00
157
plaster in CM 1:3 with spunging
etc. Complete in two coats
14
161.00 12 mm thick cement plaster incl.
42.00 Sq. M
6762.00
146
finishing in CM 1:3
15
161.00 Water bound distemper in 2 coats
12.25 Sq. M
1972.25
168
16
257.00 Snowcem color of approved
quality in two coats over a base
coat
17.00 Sq. M
4369.00
170
17
15.00 steel work for window and
12150.00
327
ventilation
810.00 Sq. M
18
20.00 Rolling shutter of approved design
770.00 Sq. M
15400.00
353

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

148

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr. No.
19

20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

31
32
33
34
34

35
36

37

Quantity

Cost Estimate

Description

30.00 Kota stone polished tiles of


average 18 to 25 mm thick etc
complete
39.20 Mosaic tiles
Rain water pipe AC 75 mm dia
25.00 comp
Fan hooks from MS bar of 12 mm
8.00 dia
30.00 Fixing CI steps etc complete
MS section of various size
290.00 channel,
angle girder etc
28.60 CC in M25 for bottom slab
without centering
138.75 CC in M25 for vertical walls
4.15 CC in M25 for top slab
2.75 CC in M-25 for beams
33.30 Bottom IPS 50 mm thick
322.00 Cement plaster 20 mm thick in
CM 1:3 with water proofing to
RCC wall inside
30.00
116.00
1.00
30.00
1.00

Providing & Supplying CI coevals


Providing CI MH cover & frames
fixing of MH frame and cover
Fixing Coevals in the Slab
providing and fixing water level
indicator

1500.00 Supplying MS special flange


Providing, cutting, placing, TOR
231.00 steel
including binder wires etc comp
with anticorrosive treatment.
-- Gates misc. and job work

Rate

Per

240.00
159.00

Sq. M
Sq. mt

Amount

7200.00
6232.80

SOR
No.

191
202

rmt

0.00

22.00
138.00

No
No

176.00
4140.00

1091

39.80

Kg

11542.00

823

cum
cum
cum
Sq. mt
Sq. mt

66323.40
555000.00
11902.20
8258.25
2564.10

gwssb
d4-11+5
do 1-v1
291
294
208

59.00

rmt

18998.00

88.00
21.00
2000.00
63.55
2450.00

No
No
No
No
No

2640.00
2436.00
2000.00
1906.50
2450.00

157
gwssb
15/160
gwssb
MR
gwssb
gwssb

50.00

Kg

75000.00

WWB
302

3600.00

Qtl

831600.00

gwssb

LS

--

100000.00
2108705.40
2109000.00

MR

2319.00
4000.00
2868.00
3003.00
77.00

Say

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

149

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

RAJKOT MUNICIPAL CORPORATION


Name of Work : Design, Construction, testing and commissioning of civil component of sewage
pumping station under sewage project phase-III ( Part-1) for Riaya main drainage pumping
station MPS
Abstract-A
Sr.
Quantity
Description
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR No.
No.
1
EXCAVATION
1.1
0.00 to 1.5 mt depth
39.50
1.1.1
1575.00 in all soil soft/hard murrum
cum
62212.50
23+28/2
1.51 to 3 mt depth in hard
210.00
1.1.2
1495.00 rock
cum
313950.00
39
240.00
1.1.3
1480.00 3.00 to 4.50 mt in hard rock
cum
355200.00
40
295.00
1.1.4.
1400.00 4.50 to 6.00 mt hard rock
cum
413000.00
11
337.00
1.1.5
395.00 6.00 to 7.50 mt hard rock
cum
133115.00
42
1:3:6 CC in foundation with
1230.00
15 mm to 20 mm size kapchi
2
138.50 etc complete
cum
170355.00
278
3
31.00 Brick masonry in CM 1:6 in
1059.00
cum
32829.00
114
foundation and plinth
1:2:4 CC for plinth beam
2358.00
with foam work including
4
7.50 finishing etc
cum
17685.00
294
950.00 Refilling the trench in plinth
materials brought from
60.00
5
cum
57000.00
103
outside
Brick masonry in super
1059.00
structure in CM 1:6 etc
6
261.00 complete
cum
276399.00
114
7
12.00 RCC 1:2:4 for footing of
1890.00
columns with centering
shuttering
cum
22680.00
300
8
113.20 RCC 1:2:4 for slab with 12
mm to 20 mm size machine
crushed kapchi and
2222.00
necessary centering and
shuttering etc complete
cum
251530.40
291
2358.00
9
16.85 do for beams
cum
39732.30
294
2660.00
10
3.45 do for chhajas
cum
9177.00
295
2422.00
11
19.50 do for columns
cum
47229.00
292
2440.00
12
5.75 do for lintel
cum
14030.00
293
12 mm thick sand face
cement plaster in CM 1:3
59.00
with spunging etc complete
13
748.00 in two coats
Sq. M
44132.00
157
12 mm thick cement plaster
42.00
14
798.00 incl. finishing in CM 1:3
Sq. M
33516.00
146
Water bound distemper in 2
12.25
15
798.00 coats
Sq. M
9775.50
168
16
748.00 Snowcem color of approved
quality in two coats over a
base coat
Sq. M
12716.00
170
17.00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

150

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr.
Quantity
Description
No.
17
36.00 steel work for window and
ventilation
18
26.00 Rolling shutter of approved
design and quality with two
coat of oil paint etc
complete.
19
286.00 Kota stone polished tiles of
average 18 to 25 mm thick
etc complete
20
1088.00 Mosaic tiles
21
130.00 Rain water pipe CI 100 mm
dia comp
22
Fan hooks from MS bar of
30.00 12 mm dia
23
60.00 Fixing CI steps etc complete
MS section of various size
24
30.00 channel,
angle girder etc
25
395.00 CC in M25 for bottom slab
without centering
26
353.00 CC in M25 for vertical walls
27
50.75 CC in M25 for top slab
28
2.50 CC in M15 for RCC stair
29
19.70 CC in M-25 for beams
30
572.00 Bottom IPS 50 mm thick
Cement plaster 20 mm thick
in CM 1:3 with water
31
1429.00 proofing to RCC wall inside
32
40.00 Providing and supplying CI
coevals
Providing CI MH cover &
33
1800.00 frames
fixing of MH frame and
34
2.00 cover
35
60.00 Fixing coevals in the slab
providing and fixing water
36
1.00 level indicator
37
5000.00 Supplying MS special flange
38
1175.00
Providing, cutting, placing,
TOR steel including binder
wires etc comp
39
-Gates misc. and job work

Cost Estimate

Rate

Per

Amount

SOR No.

810.00

Sq. M

29160.00

327

770.00

Sq. M

20020.00

353

240.00
159.00

Sq. M
Sq. mt

68640.00
172992.00

178.00

rmt

23140.00

191
202
gwssb
17/160

22.00
138.00

No
No

660.00
8280.00

1091

39.80

Kg

1194.00

823

916005.00
1412000.00
145551.00
4640.00
59159.10
44044.00

gwssb
d4-11+5
do 1-v1
291
299
294
208

2319.00
4000.00
2868.00
1856.00
3003.00
77.00

cum
cum
cum
cum
Sq. mt
Sq. mt

59.00

rmt

84311.00

88.00

No

3520.00

157
gwssb
15/160

21.00

No

37800.00

gwssb

2000.00
63.55

No
No

4000.00
3813.00

MR
gwssb

2450.00
50.00

No
Kg

2450.00
250000.00

gwssb
WW 302

3600.00
LS

Qtl
--

4230000.00
500000.00
10337642.80
10338000.00

gwssb
MR

Say Rs.
Plus Compound wall
as per Abstract-B
Total Amount Rs.

776000.00
11114000.00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

151

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

NAME OF WORK : CONSTRUCTION OF COMPOUND WALL AT RAIYA MAIN DRAINAGE


PUMPING STATION ( DRAINAGE PHASE-III ) PART-1
Abstract-B
No Quantity
Description
Rate
Per
Amount
SOR
1

80.00

Excavation for foundation in soft and


hard murrum with average rate and
depth up to 1.50 mt. with clearing the
site by shifting & spreading excavated
stuff up to 90 mt. lead, as per
instruction

44.00

142.00

4
5
6
7

57.00
36.00
34.00
2874.00
903.00

39.50

Cu. Mt.

3160.00

23+28/2

Foundation masonry with rubble


cement mortar in 1:6 cement :sand
proportion

494.00

Cu. Mt.

21736.00

64

Rubble plinth masonry work in C.M.


1:6 & with cement pointing 1:3
C.C. Coping work 1:2:4
C.C. Footing with 1:2:4
C.C. Column with 1:2:4
TOR steel work for R.C.C. work
M.S. Round steel work comp. for
R.C.C. work
Brick masonry with C.M. 1:6
Supplying & fixing 110mm. PVC.
Pipe of 4Kg/Cm^2 with required
specials

536.00

Cu. Mt.

76112.00

70

1459.00
1890.00
2422.00
33.00
31.80

Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.
Cu. Mt.
Kg.
Kg.

83163.00
68040.00
82348.00
94842.00
28715.40

136
300
292
302
301

1059.00
141.00

Cu. Mt.
Rmt.

152496.00
3948.00

114
883

8
9
10

144.00
28.00

11

93.00

Supplying & fixing 90mm. PVC. Pipe


of 4Kg/Cm^2 with spec

101.00

Rmt.

9393.00

882

12

1247.00

57.00

Sq. Mt.

71079.00

150

13

1236.00

17.00

Sq. Mt.

21012.00

170

14
15

985.00
720.00

39.80
7.00

Kg.
Sq. Mt.

39203.00
5040.00

823
538

16

75.00

8.00

Nos.

600.00

540

17

70.00

6.00

Rmt.

420.00

1029

18

25.00

Sand face cement plaster 20mm thick


In C.M. 1:3 ( Double Coat)
Water Proof cement paint two coat or
base coat
Steel work as per instruction
Supplying & Fixing Barbed wire in
Fencing
Fixing steel angle on proper
alignment
Oil paint work for Steel, Angle and
Railing with two shades
Oil paint work for Door, Windows,
Grills etc. with 2 coats

23.00

Sq. Mt.

575.00

473

19
20

11.00
35.00

1097
37.00

Cu. Mt.
Sq. Mt.

12067.00
1295.00

61
147

21

16.00

P.C.C. 1:3:6
Cement plaster Rough cast in C.m.
1:3
Cement plaster with niru finishing

42.00

Sq. Mt.

672.00
146
775916.40
Say .Rs..776000.00

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

152

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4.4 Estimates of Rising Mains (PS pipes) of Phase-III (Part-1)


Detailed Estimate for Pumping Main Pipeline For
Auxiliary Pumping Station Of Mavdi ( APS - 1 )
Item
Quantity
Description
No.
1
Excavation of pipeline trenches and
valve chamber incl. all safety
provisions using rails etc including
refilling the trenches & stacking the
excavated stuff upto a lead of 90mt
as directed
In all sorts of soil, soft murrum, hard
murrum & macadam roads.
1020.00 up to 0 - 1.50 mt.
255.00 Do- in soft & hard rock
425.00 Up to 1.50 to 3.0 mt.
Do- in soft & hard rock
2
Providing sand or murrum bedding
incl. comp.
63.00 From selected excavated earth
63.00 From outside beyond 2.0 km lead
3
840.00 Providing & supplying 400 mm dia.
ISI standard P.S.C. pipes in standard
lengths of 12 kg/cm2 class of 400
mm dia as per I.S. 784-1989 incl.
Rubber ring joints incl. All taxes etc
supply at site.
4
840.00 Lowering laying & jointing P.S.C.
pipes & specials of 400 mm dia.
Including all required materials in
proper position, grade and alignment
as directed incl. Giving hydraulic
test etc. comp.
5
5000.00 Providing M.S. specials like Bends,
Flanged Tee, etc. suitable to P.S.C.
400 mm pipe incl. all taxes etc.
comp.
6
20.00 1:3:6 CC (M 100) for encasing the
pipes incl. Finishing etc. comp.
7
15.00 1:2:4 CC (M 150) for RCC thrust
blocks over the pipes with centering
incl. Finishing etc. comp.
8
1.00 Providing Sluice valve 400 mm dia
PN-1 class IS 2906 ISI marked incl.
all taxes.
9
1.00 Fixing of Sluice valve in position
with all fittings & materials for 400
mm dia.
10
5.00 Providing double acting Air valve of
150 mm dia.

Rate Rs.

Per

Amount

39.50
135.00
166.50

cu mt.
cu mt.
cu mt.

40290.00
34425.00
70762.50

11.00
27.50
1431.00

cu mt.
cu mt.
Rmt.

693.00
1732.50
1202040.00

SOR No.

23+28/2
33+38/2
34+39/2

15/A p-66
15/B p-67

MR

48.00

Rmt.

40320.00
9/4/61

58.75

Kg.

293750.00
WW/345

1170.00

cu mt.

23400.00

1500.00

cu mt.

22500.00

36415.00

cu mt.

36415.00

616/2

ww/A/135
350.00

cu mt.

350.00
ww/B/73

2645.00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

No.s

13225.00

ww/A/147

153

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Item
Quantity
Description
No.
11
5.00 Fixing double acting Air valve of
150 mm dia incl. all fitting materials
etc. comp.
12
6.00 Construction of valve chamber in 23
cm thick Brick masonry in CM 1:6
Fdn C.C. 1:4:8, inside 12 mm
cement plaster in C.M. 1:3 etc. incl.
RCC slab 100 mm tk. With Key hole
in two parts, each with handles of
M.S. bars etc upto depth of 1 mt
from G.L. to pipe invert. Excluding
cost of excavation. For chamber size
1.3m * 0.90m and 1 mt deep.
13
185.00 Remove surplus earth within the
corporation limits including
spreading etc. comp.
14
800.00 Breaking of Aphalt pavement
surface
Conventional
15
800.00 Road re-instating work.
WBM
16
800.00 Asphalt

Cost Estimate

Rate Rs.

Per

85.00

No.s

Amount

SOR No.

425.00
ww/B/83

3390.00

No.s

20340.00

C/B/1

33.00

6105.00
712

18.00

14400.00
43

55.00

44000.00

85.00

68000.00

Total Estimated Amount in Rs.


Say Rs.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

MR
MR

1933173.00
19,34,000.00

154

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Detailed Estimate for Pumping Main Pipeline For Auxiliary Pumping Station Of Kalawad Road
( APS - 2 )
Item
Quantity
Description
Rate Rs.
Per Amount Rs.
SOR No.
No.
1
Excavation of pipeline
trenches and valve chamber
incl. all safety provisions using
rails etc including refilling the
trenches & stacking the
excavated stuff upto a lead of
90mt as directed
In all sorts of soil, soft
murrum, hard murrum &
macadam roads.
3776.00 up to 0 - 1.50 mt.
39.50 cumt.
149152.00
23+28/2
958.00 Do- in soft & hard rock
135.00 cumt.
129330.00
33+38/2
3192.00 Up to 1.50 to 3.0 mt.
166.50 cumt.
531468.00
34+39/2
Do- in soft & hard rock
2
Providing sand or murrum
bedding incl. comp.
235.00 From selected excavated earth
11.00
2585.00 15/A p-66
235.00 From outside beyond 2.0 km
27.50
6462.50
15/B p-67
lead
3
1566.00 Providing & supplying 900
5341626.00
3411.00 Rmt.
mm dia. ISI standard P.S.C.
pipes in standard lengths of 12
20/D/5
kg/cm2 class of 900 mm dia as
per I.S. 784-1989 incl. Rubber
ring joints incl. All taxes etc
supply at site.
4
1566.00 Lowering laying & jointing
219240.00
140.00 Rmt.
P.S.C. pipes & specials of 900
mm dia. Including all required
materials in proper position,
9/12/61
grade and alignment as
directed incl. Giving hydraulic
test etc. comp.
5 10000.00 Providing M.S. specials like
587500.00
58.75 Kg.
Bends, Flanged Tee, etc.
WW/345
suitable to P.S.C. 900 mm pipe
incl. all taxes etc. comp.
6
70.00 1:3:6 CC (M 100) for encasing
81900.00
1170.00 cumt.
616/2
the pipes incl. Finishing etc.
comp.
7
25.00 1:3:6 CC (M 150) for RCC
37500.00
1500.00 cumt.
thrust blocks over the pipes
281
with centering incl. Finishing
etc. comp.
8
1.00 Providing Sluice valve 900
299000.00
299000.00 cumt.
WW/A/141
mm dia PN-1 class IS 2906 ISI
marked incl. all taxes.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

155

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Item
No.
9

10
11

12

13

14

15
16
17

Quantity

Cost Estimate

Description

1.00 Fixing of Sluice valve in


position with all fittings &
materials for 900 mm dia.
12.00 Providing double acting Air
valve of 200 mm dia.
12.00 Fixing double acting Air valve
of 150 mm dia incl. all fitting
materials etc. comp.
13.00 Construction of RCC valve
chamber in 15 cm thick walls
with inside 12 mm cement
plaster in C.M. 1:3 etc. incl.
pre-cast RCC slab 150 mm tk.
in four parts, with key hole
each with handles of M.S. bars
etc upto depth of 2 mt from
G.L. to pipe invert. Excluding
cost of excavation. For
chamber size 2.0 m * 2.0 m
and 2 mt deep.
2300.00 Remove surplus earth within
the corporation limits
including spreading etc. comp.
3152.00 Breaking of Asphalt pavement
surface
Conventional
1566.00 Paver surface
Road re-instating work.
3152.00 WBM
1566.00 Asphalt

Rate Rs.

Per

785.00 cumt.

Amount Rs.

SOR No.

785.00
WW/B/80

5700.00

No.s

68400.00

85.00

No.s

1020.00

WW/A148
WW/B/84

12000.00

156000.00

MR

33.00

75900.00
712

18.00

56736.00
43

26.00

40716.00

55.00
85.00

173360.00
133110.00

Total Estimated Amount in


Rs.
Say Rs.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

MR
MR

8091790.50
80,92,000.00

156

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Detailed Estimate for Pumping Main Pipeline


For Auxiliary Pumping Station Of Gandhigram ( APS - 3 )
Ite
m
No.
1

6
7

9
10

Qty

Description

Excavation of pipeline trenches and


valve chamber incl. all safety provisions
using rails etc including refilling the
trenches & stacking the excavated stuff
upto a lead of 90mt as directed
In all sorts of soil, soft murrum, hard
murrum & macadam roads.
790.00 up to 0 - 1.50 mt.

Rate Rs.

Per

39.50

cumt
.
cumt
.
cumt
.

198.00 Do- in soft & hard rock

135.00

330.00 Up to 1.50 to 3.0 mt.

166.50

Do- in soft & hard rock


Providing sand or murrum bedding incl.
comp.
50.00 From selected excavated earth

11.00

50.00 From outside beyond 2.0 km lead

27.50

650.00 Providing & supplying 400 mm dia. ISI


standard P.S.C. pipes in standard lengths
of 12 kg/cm2 class of 400 mm dia as per
I.S. 784-1989 incl. Rubber ring joints
incl. All taxes etc supply at site.
650.00 Lowering laying & jointing P.S.C. pipes
& specials of 400 mm dia. Including all
required materials in proper position,
grade and alignment as directed incl.
Giving hydraulic test etc. comp.
4000.00 Providing M.S. specials like Bends,
Flanged Tee, etc. suitable to P.S.C. 400
mm pipe incl. all taxes etc. comp.
20.00 1:3:6 CC (M 100) for encasing the pipes
incl. Finishing etc. comp.
15.00 1:2:4 CC (M 150) for RCC thrust blocks
over the pipes with centering incl.
Finishing etc. comp.
1.00 Providing Sluice valve 400 mm dia PN1 class IS 2906 ISI marked incl. all
taxes.
1.00 Fixing of Sluice valve in position with
all fittings & materials for 400 mm dia.
5.00 Providing double acting Air valve of 150
mm dia.

1431.00

cumt
.
cumt
.
Rmt.

Amount
Rs.

31205.00
26730.00
54945.00

SOR
No.

23+28/
2
33+38/
2
34+39/
2

550.00 15/A p66


1375.00 15/B p67
930150.00
MR

48.00

Rmt.

31200.00
9_4_61

58.75

Kg.

235000.00

1170.00

cumt
.
cumt
.

23400.00

36415.00

cumt
.

36415.00

350.00

cumt
.
No.s

350.00

1500.00

2645.00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

WW/3
45
616/2

22500.00

13225.00

ww/A/
135
ww/B/
73
ww/A/
147

157

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Ite
m
No.
11

12

14

15

16
17
18

Qty

Cost Estimate

Description

5.00 Fixing double acting Air valve of 150


mm dia incl. all fitting materials etc.
comp.
6.00 Construction of valve chamber in 23 cm
thick brick masonry in C.M. 1:6 with
fdn. of C.C. 1:4:8 inside 12 mm cement
plaster in C.M. 1:3 etc. incl. RCC slab
100 mm Tk. With key hole in two parts,
each with handles of M.S. bars etc up to
depth of 1 mt from G.L. to pipe invert.
Excluding cost of excavation. For
chamber size 1.3m x 0.90 and 1.0mt
deep.
125.00 Remove surplus earth within the
corporation limits including spreading
etc. comp.
325.00 Breaking of Asphalt pavement surface
Conventional
132.00 Paver surface
650.00 Road re-instating work.
WBM
455.00 Asphalt

Amount
Rs.

Rate Rs.

Per

85.00

No.s

425.00

3390.00

No.s

20340.00

SOR
No.
ww/B/
83

C/B/1

33.00

18.00

cumt
.

4125.00

m2

5850.00

712

43
26.00
55.00
85.00

m2
m2
m2

3432.00
35750.00
38675.00

MR
MR

Total Estimated Amount in Rs.

1515642.00

Say Rs.

15,16,000.00

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

158

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

Detailed Estimate for Pumping Main Pipeline


For Auxiliary Pumping Station Of Raiya village ( MPS )
Ite
m
No.
1

Qty

4872.00
1218.00
4060.00
2
300.00

Description
Excavation of pipeline trenches and
valve chamber incl. all safety
provisions using rails etc including
refilling the trenches & stacking the
excavated stuff upto a lead of 90mt
as directed
In all sorts of soil, soft murrum,
hard murrum & macadam roads.
up to 0 - 1.50 mt.
Do- in soft & hard rock
Up to 1.50 to 3.0 mt.
Do- in soft & hard rock
Providing sand or murrum bedding
incl. comp.
From selected excavated earth

300.00 From outside beyond 2.0 km lead


3

6
7

2000.00 Providing & supplying ISI standard


P.S.C. pipes in standard lengths of
12 kg/cm2 class of 900 mm dia as
per I.S. 784-1989 incl. Rubber ring
joints incl. All taxes etc supply at
site.
2000.00 Lowering laying & jointing P.S.C.
pipes & specials of 900 mm dia.
Including all required materials in
proper position, grade and
alignment as directed incl. Giving
hydraulic test etc. comp.
8000.00 Providing M.S. specials like Bends,
Flanged Tee, etc. suitable to P.S.C.
900 mm pipe incl. all taxes etc.
comp.
150.00 1:3:6 CC (M 100) for encasing the
pipes incl. Finishing etc. comp.
40.00 1:2:4 CC (M 150) for RCC thrust
blocks over the pipes with
centering incl. Finishing etc. comp.
2.00 Providing Sluice valve 900 mm dia
PN-1 class IS 2906 ISI marked incl.
all taxes.

Rate Rs.

Per

Amount Rs.

SOR No.

39.50 cumt.
135.00 cumt.
166.50 cumt.

192444.00 23+28/2
164430.00 33+38/2
675990.00 34+39/2

11.00 cumt.

3300.00 15/A p66


7590.00 15/B p67
6822000.00

25.30 cumt.
3411.00

Rmt.

20/D/5

140.00

Rmt.

280000.00
9_12_61

58.75

Kg.

470000.00
WW/345

1170.00

cumt.

175500.00

1500.00

cumt.

60000.00

616/2
281

299000.0
0

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

No.s

598000.00

WW/A/1
41

159

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Ite
m
No.
9

10
11

12

13
14

15

16

Qty

Cost Estimate

Description

2.00 Fixing of Sluice valve in position


with all fittings & materials for 900
mm dia.
12.00 Providing double acting Air valve
of 200 mm dia.
12.00 Fixing double acting Air valve of
150 mm dia incl. all fitting
materials etc. comp.
14.00 Construction of R.C.C. valve
chamber in 15 cm thick walls with
inside 12 mm cement plaster in
C.M. 1:3 etc. incl. Pre cast RCC
slab 150 mm Tk. in four parts. With
key hole, each with handles of M.S.
bars etc up to depth of 2 mt from
G.L. to pipe invert. Excluding cost
of excavation. For chamber size
2.0m x 3.0m and 2.0mt deep.
10.00 - Do for extra depth
2940.00 Removing surplus earth within the
corporation limits including
spreading etc. comp.
500.00 Breaking of Asphalt pavement
surface
Conventional
Road re-instating work.
500.00 WBM
500.00 Asphalt
Total Estimated Amount in Rs.
Say Rs.

Rate Rs.

Per

785.00

cumt.

5700.00

No.s

85.00

No.s

12000.00

No.s

Amount Rs.
1570.00

SOR No.
WW/B/8
0

68400.00 WW/A14
8
1020.00
WW/B/8
4
168000.00

MR

1300.00 RM
33.00 cumt.

18.00

m2

13000.00 MR
97020.00
712
9000.00
43

55.00
85.00

m2
m2

MR
27500.00
42500.00 MR
9877264.00
98,78,000.00

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

160

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.3.5 Estimates of Pumping Machinery & Erections of Phase-III (Part-1)

Design, procurement, manufacture supply, erection & commissioning with sludge handling
pumps & pump house piping for Three Auxiliary Pumping Stations APS - 1, APS - 2, APS - 3 &
Main pumping station for drainage Phase-III
BILL OF QUANTITIES FOR PUMPING MACHINERY
Item
No.

1.0

2.0

3.0

4.0

Description
Design procurement, manufacture supply, storage at site loading,
unloading, transporting, erection, testing and commissioning of
Submersible Sewage handling pumps & pump house piping etc.
complete.
For MAVDI APS - 1 pumping station
Sets of 67 LPS 15 mt. head (2+1 sets).
Approx. H.P. 30/pump.
For GANDHIGRAM APS - 3 pumping station
Sets of 28 LPS 17 mt. head (2+1 sets).
Approx. H.P. 25/pump.
Design procurement, manufacture supply, storage at site loading,
unloading, transporting, erection, testing and commissioning of
Horizontal split casing non clogged Solid handling pumps & pump
house piping etc. complete.
For KALAWAD ROAD APS - 2 pumping station
Sets of 82 LPS 17 mt. head (4 + 2 sets).
Approx. H.P. 65/pump.
For MPS - near village Raiya Main pumping station
Sets of 331 LPS 15 mt. head (4+2 sets).
Approx. H.P. 105/pump.
TOTAL COST OF PUMPING MACHINERY

Amount Rs.

22,50,000.00

18,75,000.00

78,00,000.00

1,26,00,000.00

2,45,25,000.00

Total KW

Main Load = 884 KW

Auxillary Load = 97 KW

Total

Rate per KW Rs.25000/- as per Market Rate

Therefore Total = 981 x Rs.25000/- =Rs.2,45,25,000/-

= 981 KW

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

161

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

BOQ / Schedule showing list of material and services to be supplied.


Sr.
No.
1

Particulars
PART - A
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
Submersible Sewage handling pumps with motors, each of capacity 67 LPS and
head 15 mt. make Aqua, Kishor, ABS, Pullen.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all
suction, delivery an other pipe work C.I. double flanged including specials,
specials, spectacle blinds gaskets, nuts bolts etc. and painting as per approved
pump house piping drawing, with bypass arrangement of each pump.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading transportation, storage as site, loading &
unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all sluice valve, reflux valve
etc. complete as per valve schedule.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
pressure gauges with necessary piping, isolation valves & drain valves
complete.

Qty.
3 Nos.

1 Lot.

1 Lot.

2 Nos.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
level indicators.

1 Nos.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of 2T
capacity Chain pulley block with 12 -15 meter lift with trolley (for monorail).
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
loading and unloading at site, and mounting of fire extinguisher.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
loading and unloading at site, and mounting of First Aid Kit with additional steel
cupboard.

1 Nos.

7
8

10
Sr.
No.
1

3
4

2 Nos.
1 Nos.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of Erection and maintenance
manuals.

2 Sets.

Operation and maintenance manuals.

3 Sets.

Particulars
PART - B
Design, Procurement, supplying, erection and commissioning of 415V motor
control center including required AMP capacity M.C.C.B./ACB with fuse unites
fully automatic start delta starters, protection relays and all delta starters,
protection relays and all measuring instrument bus bars and bus coupler.
Capacitor bank etc. complete one unit for 3 sets.
Design, Procurement, supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 1.1 KV
grade PVC Insulated power and control cable of Unistar / CCI / INCAB / FORT
Gloster make with accessories.
Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of earthing
system for complete pumping station installation.
Design, procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of lighting,
system (Indoor and Outdoor both) for complete pumping station installation
fixtures shall be of Philips / Crompton / Bajaj.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Qty.
1 Lot.

1 Lot.

1 Lot.
1 Lot.

162

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

DESIGN, PROCUREMENT, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY, STORAGE AT SITE, ERECTION,


TESTING & COMMISSIONING OF PUMPS, MOTORS, ELECTRIC EQUIPMENTS,
INSTRUMENTATION & PUMPS HOUSE PIPING COMPLETE FOR

APS-3 (GANDHIGRAM).
Sr.
No.
1

BOQ / Schedule showing list of material and services to be supplied.


Particulars
Qty.
PART - A
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
3 Nos.
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
Submersible Sewage handling pumps with motors, each of capacity 28 LPS and
head 17 mt. make Aqua, Kishor, ABS, Pullen.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
1 Lot.
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all
suction, delivery an other pipe work C.I. double flanged including specials,
specials, spectacle blinds gaskets, nuts bolts etc. and painting as per approved
pump house piping drawing, with bypass arrangement of each pump.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
1 Lot.
storage at site loading and unloading transportation, storage as site, loading &
unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all sluice valve, reflux valve
etc. complete as per valve schedule.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
pressure gauges with necessary piping, isolation valves & drain valves

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
level indicators.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of 2T
capacity Chain pulley block with 12 - 15 meter lift with trolley (for monorail)

1 Nos.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of fire extinguisher.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
loading and unloading at site, and mounting of First Aid Kit
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
loading and unloading at site, and mounting of Erection

2 Nos.

Operation and maintenance manuals.

3 Sets.

8
9
10
Sr.
No.
1

3
4

Particulars
PART - B
Design, Procurement, supplying, erection and commissioning of 415V motor
control center including required AMP capacity M.C.C.B./ACB with fuse unites
fully automatic start delta starters, protection relays and all delta starters,
protection relays and all measuring instrument bus bars and bus coupler.
Capacitor bank etc. complete one unit for 3 sets.
Design, Procurement, supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 1.1 KV
grade PVC Insulated power and control cable of Unistar / CCI / INCAB / FORT
Gloster make with accessories.
Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of earthing
system for complete pumping station installation.
Design, procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of lighting,
system (Indoor and Outdoor both) for complete pumping station installation
fixtures shall be of Philips / Crompton / Bajaj.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

2 Nos.

1 Nos.
2 Sets.

Qty.
1 Lot.

1 Lot.

1 Lot.
1 Lot.

163

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

APS-2 (KALAWAD ROAD).


Sr.
No.
1

BOQ / Schedule showing list of material and services to be supplied.


Particulars
Qty.
PART - A
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
6 Nos.
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
Horizontal centrifugal non clog solid handling type pumps, each of capacity 82
LPS and head 17 mt. make Kirloskar, Mather Plat, Jyoti, Becon.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all
suction, delivery an other pipe work C.I. double flanged including specials,
specials, spectacle blinds gaskets, nuts bolts etc. and painting as per approved
pump house piping drawing, with bypass arrangement of each pump.

1 Lot.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading transportation, storage as site, loading &
unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all sluice valve, reflux valve
etc. complete as per valve schedule.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
pressure gauges with necessary piping, isolation valves & drain valves
complete.
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
level indicators.

1 Lot.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of 2T
capacity Chain pulley block with 12 -15 meter lift with trolley (for monorail).

1 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of fire extinguisher.

2 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of First Aid Kit with additional steel
cupboard.

1 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of Erection and maintenance
manuals.

2 Sets.

Operation and maintenance manuals.

3 Sets.

10
Sr.
No.
1

4
5

Particulars
PART - B
Design, Procurement, supplying, erection and commissioning of 415V motor
control center including required AMP capacity M.C.C.B./ACB with fuse unites
fully automatic start delta starters, protection relays and all delta starters,
protection relays and all measuring instrument bus bars and bus coupler.
Capacitor bank etc. complete one unit for 6 sets.
Design, Procurement, supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 415 KV,
1500 RPM Syn, Speed, Squirrel Cage induction motors of Kirloskar, Jayoti
,Crompton, Siemens, NGEF make suitahble for pumping duty.
Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 1.1 KV
grade PVC Insulated power and control cable of Unistar / CCI / INCAB / FORT
Gloster make with accessories.
Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of earthing
system for complete pumping station installation.
Design, procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of lighting,
system (Indoor and Outdoor both) for complete pumping station installation
fixtures shall be of Philips / Crompton / Bajaj.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

2 No.

1 No.

Qty.
1 Lot.

6 Nos.

1 Lot.

1 Lot.
1 Lot.

164

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

DESIGN, PROCUREMENT, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY, STORAGE AT SITE, ERECTION,


TESTING & COMMISSIONING OF PUMPS, MOTORS, ELECTRIC EQUIPMENTS,
INSTRUMENTATION & PUMPS HOUSE PIPING COMPLETE FOR

MAIN PUMPING STATION (RAIYA).


BOQ / Schedule showing list of material and services to be supplied.
Sr.
No.
1

Particulars
PART - A
Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,
storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
Horizontal centrifugal non clog solid handling type pumps, each of capacity 331
LPS and head 15 mt. make Kirloskar, Mahter Plat, Jyoti, Becon.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all
suction, delivery an other pipe work C.I. double flanged including specials,
specials, spectacle blinds gaskets, nuts bolts etc. and painting as per approved
pump house piping drawing, with bypass arrangement of each pump.

1 Lot.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading transportation, storage as site, loading &
unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of all sluice valve, reflux valve
etc. complete as per valve schedule.

1 Lot.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
pressure gauges with necessary piping, isolation valves & drain valves
complete.

2 Nos.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of
level indicators.

1 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


storage at site loading and unloading, erection, testing and commissioning of 2T
capacity Chain pulley block with 12 -15 meter lift with trolley (for monorail).

1 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of fire extinguisher.

2 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of First Aid Kit with additional steel
cupboard.

1 No.

Design, Procurement, manufacture, supply at site including transportation,


loading and unloading at site, and mounting of Erection and maintenance
manuals.

2 Sets.

Operation and maintenance manuals.

3 Sets.

10

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

Qty.
6 Nos.

165

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr.
No.
1

Cost Estimate

Particulars
PART - B
Design, Procurement, supplying, erection and commissioning of 415V motor
control center including required AMP capacity M.C.C.B./ACB with fuse unites
fully automatic start delta starters, protection relays and all delta starters,
protection relays and all measuring instrument bus bars and bus coupler.
Capacitor bank etc. complete one unit for 6 sets.

Qty.
1 Lot.

Design, Procurement, supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 415 KV,


1500 RPM Syn, Speed, Squirrel Cage induction motors of Kirloskar, Jayoti
,Crompton, Siemens, NGEF make suitahble for pumping duty.

6 Nos.

Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of 1.1 KV


grade PVC Insulated power and control cable of Unistar / CCI / INCAB / FORT
Gloster make with accessories.

1 Lot.

Design procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of earthing


system for complete pumping station installation.

1 Lot.

Design, procurement, Supply, Erection, Testing and Commissioning of lighting,


system (Indoor and Outdoor both) for complete pumping station installation
fixtures shall be of Philips / Crompton / Bajaj.

1 Lot.

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

166

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.4.6 Estimates of Sewage Treatment Plant & Disposal of Phase-III (Part-1)


Drainage Phase-III ( New Area) (PART-II)
DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, PROCUREMENT, MANUFACTURE, SUPPLY, STORAGE AT SITE,
ERECTION, TESTING AND COMMISSIONING OF ALL MECHANICAL AND ELECTRIC
EQUIPMENTS, INSTRUMENTATION AND ALL PIPINGS ETC COMPLETE FOR SEWAGE
TREATMENT PLANT OF 51 MLD CAPACITY TO BE CONSTRUCTED AT RAIYA DHAR RAJKOT
Sr
Qty
Description
Rate
Unit
Amount
No
Work of design, engineering,
1
51 supply of materials, construction, 2500000/- 1 MLD
12,50,00,000/MLD erection and installation of
cap. equipment, machinery, piping,
instruments,
painting
works,
including civil and structural work,
and testing and commissioning
successful 3 months trial runs and
training RMC operating personnel.
Operating and maintaining the
sewage treatment plant proposed
near existing sewage treatment
plant at Raiya for 12 months
including guaranteeing the entire
plant and its performance and
treated effluent quality, all labour,
materials, piping, instruments, etc
complete as per scope of work,
special conditions of contract,
design, drawings and specifications
approved by the department and as
per directions of Engineer-incharge.
2
8000 Construction of internal road
125/- Sqmt
10,00,000/Sq.mt
3
2500 Construction of Compound wall
15,00,000/Rmts (as per the estimate )
Total Estimated Cost in Rs
12,75,00,000/Say Rs. in Lakhs
1275/Rupees Twelve Crore Seventy Five Lakhs only/-

Detailed break up of cost of Sewage Treatment Plant


1. Civil works
Rs. 18.23 Lakh per MLD
2. Mechanical / Electrical/ Automation work
Rs. 5.85 Lakh per MLD
3. Piping work
Rs. 0.92 Lakh per MLD
-----------------------------Total
Rs.25.00 Lakh per MLD
___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

167

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Item
No.
1

Qty.

Cost Estimate

:: A B S T R A C T FOR ESTIMATE :: Phase-III Part-I


Short Description of
Rate
Unit
Amount
work.
In Figure
Rs.
Ps.

2500.00 Providing and fixing


Rmt pre-cast RCC column
and
slab
as
per
specification complete
(including the cost of
transportation)
145.00 Excavation in soft and
Cu.Mt hard murrum upto 1.50
mt depth complete.
145.00 Cement concrete work
Cu.Mt for fixing the columns in
1:2:4 proportion using
1.5 to 2.0 cm size coarse
agg.,
curing
etc.
complete.
2500.00 Fixing present RCC
Rmt column and slab in line
and level, jointing the
same with cement paste
as per specification,
curing etc complete.
150.00 Supplying
of
hard
Cu.Mt murrum and spreading
the
same
as
per
instruction complete.

456.00 Rmt

39.50 Cumt

S.O.R.
Number

11,40,000/- MR

5727-50 23+28
2

1450.00 Cumt

2,10,250/- 62

74.00 Rmt

1,85,000/- MR

55.00 Cumt

Total
Say

8250/- 702

14,99,227-50
15,00,000-00
(Rupees Fifteen lakhs only)

___________
City Engineer
Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

168

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Cost Estimate

9.5 Total Estimates of Drainage Work Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-1)


Sr
No
1
2
3
4
5

1
2
3
4
5
6

Name of the component

Estimated cost in Rs. Lakhs

Phase-II (Part-I)
Collective system and house connections
600
Installation of additional non-clog C.F. pumping
285
machinery in existing pump house
Extension of sewage treatment plant with extended
1120
aeration process with sludge digester 44.5 mld capacity.
Additional power connection at Madhapar plant
30
Compound wall at Madhapar plant
15
Total..A
2050
Phase-III (Part-I)
Collective system
1860.76
House connections
1404.59
Pumping Station Civil Works
293.06
Pumping Station Rising Mains Works
139.60
Pumping Station Machinery Works
245.25
Sewage Treatment Plant
1328.81
5272.07
Total..B
7322.07
Total = Total A + Total B
Add 5% contingencies...
366.10
TOTAL Rs. in lakhs
7688.17
Say Rs. in Lakhs
7688
Rupees Seventy Six Crore Eighty Eight Lakhs only/-

******

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

169

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

10

Financial Analysis

FFiinnaanncciiaall A
Annaallyyssiiss

10.1 General
This Detail Project Report on Phase-II & Phase-II (Part-I) envisages to meet requirements
of un developed area of the Rajkot city. This would involve substantial capital outlays and operation
and maintenance costs. AS part of JnNURM it is assumed that RMC has to make provision of 30% of
capital expenditure while, 50% contribution will be shared by Govt of India and remaining 20% by
the Govt of Gujarat. The total Operation and maintenance cost will be borne by Rajkot Municipal
Corporation.
Due to the constraints within the Corporation and heavy demands on the available funds
from a variety of development, it is necessary that drainage service becomes self sustainable in its
operation. A suitable drainage service tariff structure needs to be designed to meet the operation.

10.2 RMC Finance


The Main components of Revenue Incomes of RMC are:

Octroi (power to collect given by statute)

Property Tax (power to collect given by statute)

Revenue Grants (assistance from govt., other bodies)

Miscellaneous Incomes Rent Received (from lands, property etc., possessions)

Public Service Charges (for services provided),

Other Incomes

Octroi Collections :Octroi contributes the largest share (over 56% of the total revenue income) to the
Revenue basket of RMC. Even a small percentage fall in Octroi Income could cause a bigger loss to
RMC and as Octroi being the largest income source, there is a greater sensitivity to fluctuations from
this source of income.
Property Tax: Property tax (House tax, Conservancy tax, Fire tax and Education cess) is the
second largest tax Revenue source and constitutes average 35-37% of the total revenue income and 25
percent of total income. The There are about 2, 08,000nos. Of built up properties are being assessed
within Rajkot Municipal Corporation limits. The average growth rate of assess is about 2%. As per
BPMC Act, 1949 Corporation can revise the ARV of properties once in four years however; last
revision was made during year 1992. The corporation levies a tax on bases of built-up area
measurement and thereby finding Annual Ratable Value (ARV) of the collection of tax. The current
demand of house tax is Rs58.01 millions where as there are outstanding arrears as on 31-12-2005 is
1702 millions.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-II (Part-I) for Rajkot City

170

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Financial Analysis

Theatre Tax: RMC collects theatre tax from theatres as well as professional entertainment
shows within RMC limits. It is very nominal tax of Rs.75.00 per cinema show... Average collection of
theatre tax is Rs.11.00 Lakhs per annum.
Vehicle Tax: From year 2002-03 RMC started to impose lifetime vehicle taxes. The tax structure
depends on type of vehicles and age of vehicles. Up to 1/10/2005 RMC have collected Rs.30 Lakhs
from about 60000 vehicles.

The mechanism of collecting vehicle tax for new vehicle is

comparatively easier as it is linked vehicle sellers.


Water Charges: Another important source of income is Water Charges. RMC collects water
charges as part of the property tax.
Drainage Tax: From year 2003 RMC levied drainage tax on each property on the bases of
1% of ARV of property.
Revenue Grants : (assistance from govt., other bodies)Revenue grants are one of the non-tax
revenue sources of RMC. Revenue grants may be for general purpose or for any specific purpose. It
constitutes the third largest source of Rams revenue income.
Miscellaneous Incomes: Rent Received (from lands, property etc., possessions),Under this head rent received, public service charges, interest on funds invested, high school fees etc. are collected.
Public Service Charges (for services provided): Another source, public service charges,
includes incomes from ambulance rent, garden income, swimming pool fees etc. Share of income
from this source is negligible, despite large sum invested by RMC for development and maintenance
of public places.

Other Incomes Income from penalty, administrative charges etc. is considered as other
Income. It largely depends upon the special charges or drives like administrative collection
charges for SWM etc.; it ranges from Rs.150 Lakhs to Rs.300 Lakhs.

Year

2001/02
2002/03
2003/04
2004/05
2005/06

Table: Municipal Revenue Income


Revenue Account Receipts ( Rs. Lakhs)
Tax
Non-Tax
Transfers
Total
including
grants
7892.71
921.43
483.25
9297.39
9784.55
1306.55
1222.14
12313.24
9391.98
1147.21
828.51
11367.7
11393.19
969.07
653.27
13013.85
11310.85
954.87
1319.64
13585.36

Revenue Expenditure
The Corporation spends the resources for establishment, operation and maintenance and
debt servicing of obligatory and discretionary services provided by it. The major heads of revenue
expenditure include general administration, water works, drainage , conservancy, roads, streetlights,
public health, education, garden , fire brigade etc.,

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-II (Part-I) for Rajkot City

171

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Financial Analysis

From above table, it reveals that every year, there is revenue surplus which is being diverted
to development work.

Capital Work :
For capital work, RMC used to raise the finance through Bank, debenture, bond etc. up to 60
to 65% of the project cost depending upon the magnitude of the work. The balance amount is being
made available from revenue surplus as well as capital income by selling the land of Town Planning
and Survey.

Management Process in RMC


For economy in the expenditure RMC has taken several steps namely the new recruitment has
been freeze since long. The O&M of almost all the services like water supply / drainage / solid waste /
street light / parks and gardens / Aviary and Library / Planetarium and Crematorium etc is through
privatization which has significant impact on economy. Also in telephone services, C.U.G. with
TATA Indicom has been adopted and for vehicles the ceiling limit of monthly expenditure has been
fixed for each officer. With this, the establishment expenditure of RMC remains within 28 to 29% of
revenue expenditure.

10.3 Present Tariff, Billing and Collection Service Connection


Rajkot Municipal Corporation started to levy Drainage Tax from year 2003. Initially,
it was charged Rs.100/ connection/annum. As the amount was too low and very difficult to
collect, RMC started to charge drainage tax at the rate of 1% of Annul Ratable Value of the
property(ARV) or Rs.100 whichever is higher amount from each property, irrespective of the
property having drainage connection.
Again , RMC revised drainage tax from year 2006. Now it is at the rate of 2% of ARV
or Rs.100 whichever is higher amount, from each property of the city.
Level of subsidies
Year
Income from Drainage tax
Expenditure
Income v/s Exp.
Level of subsidy
Billing and Collection:

2005-06 (Rs.in lakhs)


228.89
393.04
58%
32%

The billing system is computerized and decentralized. The collection of water charges is at
three different places viz., (i ) Main office building (ii) City Civic center, Amin Road (iii) City Civic
Center Krishnagar . Bills to all property holders are sent on yearly basis.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-II (Part-I) for Rajkot City

172

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Financial Analysis

The responsibility of repair and maintenance lies with the consumers. As per BPMC Act,
1949, if the consumer does not pay the bill within 15 days of the date of issue, 18% interest is to be
levied. A notice is to be issued for disconnection of water connection if the consumer does not pay
after next 30 days of the date of issue of the bill.

Planning for Tariff Revision:


From the year 2005-06, RMC has linked the Drainage charges with the ARV value of
property tax which is 1% of ARV (Annual Rental Value) of the property. It is also proposed to
increase the same by 100% i.e. 2% of ARV from the year 2006-07 as a part of urban reforms and as
agreed in the JnNURM Urban Reforms Agenda which will yield about Rs.300 Lakhs per year . It is
also proposed to increase the same by 15 % every year and it is assumed to make the service self
sustainable before end of year 2010.

10.4 Drainage Projects & Project Funding


The details of the JnNURM Drainage projects and their cost estimated have been presented in
the chapter of cost of drainage projects. Year wise distribution of project cost is given in table
The project is proposed to be funded through Government of India mega mission Jawaharlal
Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JnNURM). As per the fund guidelines, Govt. of India will
contribute 50% of project costs, while 20% of project cost will be contributed by Government of
Gujarat. Thus total funding & yearwise allocation of fund will be as shown in following table :
Total

2005-06

JnNURM
GOI Fund (50%)

2006-

2007-

2008-

2009-

2010-

2011-

07

08

09

10

11

12

5854

642.5

1395

1269

600

497.5

700

750

2341.6

257

558

507.6

240

199

280

300

3512.4

385.5

837

761.4

360

298.5

420

450

11708

1285

2790

2538

1200

995

1400

1500

GOG contribution
(20%)
RMC'

Share

(30%)
Total

********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-II (Part-I) for Rajkot City

173

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

11

Summing Up

S
Suum
mm
miinngg uupp....

12.1 Conclusion
Safe water supply and hygienic sanitation facilities are the two basic essential amenities the
community needs on a top priority for health living. The Sewerage services falls under essential
service category and by the BPMC Act. Because of the merging of the new area, coverage of
sewerage is about 65% (total of new + old area) too less in Rajkot.

Rajkot underground sewerage project costing Rs.40 crores covering area around 40 sq.km of
walled city was implemented by Govt. of Gujarat with loan assistance from World Bank during the
period 1984 to 1994 in which, following works were executed with the base year 1980-81.
1.

Collective system and house connections 885 kms

2.

Civil work of pumping station.. 7 nos. in city.

3.

Non-clog C.F.pumping sets .. 22 sets

4.

900 mm dia prestressed concrete rising main 3.5 km long.

5.

44.5 mld capacity sewage treatment plant at Madhapar.

The project was conceived with base year 1980-81 with covering area of old city 69 sq.km.
but at that time the city was not fully developed and as such in stage-I the only developed area
covering 40 sq.km was considered splitting the work of pumping machinery, sewage treatment plant
and collective system.The project was prepared by Consultant M/s.Paramount Pollution Control
Pvt.Ltd., Baroda.
Subsequently, after implementation of the work of Phase-I, the development of the city was
very fast and most of the earlier left out area has been developed fully and Rajkot Municipal
Corporation has decided to implement underground sewerage system for all these developed area of
walled city covering additional 20 sq.km wherein following works are proposed as a Phase-II (Part-I):
o

Collective system and house connection 113 Kms.

Providing and fixing additional pumping machinery in the existing pump house total 9
sets.

Extension of existing plant by 44.5 mld 1 No.

As per original project report, twin pipeline each of 900 mm dia prestressed is to be laid from
Popatpara main pumping station to Madhapar treatment plant as a rising main.

In view of above,

the estimated cost of Phase-II part-I covering about 20 sq.km of walled city has been worked out
which is as under:

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

174

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Sr
No
1
2

3
4
5

Summing Up

Name of the component

Estimated cost in Rs. Lakhs

Collective system and house connections


600
Installation of additional non-clog C.F. pumping
285
machinery in existing pump house - total no.of sets 9
a) Popatpara main pumping station 1200 cumt per
hour against head of 42 mt 4 sets.
b) Bedipara pumping station 480 cumt per hour
against head of 23 mt 2 sets
c) Bedinaka pumping station 950 cumt per hour 17
mt head 2 sets
d) Housing Board pumping station 350 cumt per
hour 13.5 mt head 1 set
Extension of sewage treatment plant with extended
1120
aeration process with sludge digester 44.5 mld capacity.
Additional power connection at Madhapar plant
30
Compound wall at Madhapar plant
15
Total
2050
Rupees Twenty Crore Fifty Lakhs Only/The work of collective system and house connections have already taken up in hand since

2000-01 covering 10 sq.km area. Collective system for remaining 10 sq.km area is yet to be taken up
in hand for which the estimated cost would be around Rs.600 lacs. Rajkot is located on besalt. The
excavation is the main problem and because of which the progress in the drainage system is not as per
the requirement. For work of sewage treatment plant RMC has finalized the process design and
tenders are to be invited shortly.
On completion of the Phase-II work, the total coverage of walled city under Underground
Sewerage System would be around 60 sq.km (40 Phase-I + 20 Phase-II). The remaining 9 sq.km area
will be covered as when same gets developed.
The works of Phasde-II part-II are proposed to be taken up in the year 2008-09. The detailed
project report is yet to be prepared.
In view of above, the present situation of walled city covering 69 sq.kms is as under:
Sr
No
1

Item
World Bank assisted sewerage
system commissioned in the year
1994-95 under Phase-I
Implementation of underground
sewerage system for the developed
area under Phase-II part-I

Area in
sq.km
40

20

Cost (Rs. in
Remarks
lakhs)
4000.00 Completed
commissioned

and

2050.00 Project is prepared


and
work
of
collective system is
in progress.
------ Project is yet to be
conceived

Implementation
of
the
9
underground sewerage system for
the area to be developed in future.
The approval is needed under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission is for

Rs.2050 lakhs only for the work of Phase-II part-I.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

175

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Summing Up

The city limit was extended by the Govt. of Gujarat in June 1998 by adding 35.60 sq.km area
in west direction of the walled city by merging outskirt 3 villages namely Mavdi, Nana Mava and
Raiya. At the time of merger, the newly merged area was not having any infrastructure facility and
thus RMC has taken up the works of implementation of all infrastructure projects viz; water supply,
sanitation, roads, underground sewerage system, street light etc. on priority basis. so far, RMC has
pumped about Rs.125 crore for development work in newly merged area. For above newly merged
area, RMC had engaged consultant who has prepared a detailed project report of underground
sewerage system covering 15 sq.km area at the first instant where development has taken place. The
work is to be executed as a Phase-III Part-I. The remaining 20.6 km area the project is yet to be
conceived as in this region, the development is very slow and likely to be saturated in the year 200809. At that time, the project will be conceived to cover under underground sewerage system.
The estimated cost of the project for covering 15 sq.km area of newly merger works out as
under:
Sr
No
1
2
3
4

Item (Stage-III Part-I)

Estimated cost in lacs

Collective system
House connections
Pumping Station Civil Works
Pumping Station Rising Mains Works

1860.76
1404.59
293.06
139.60
5272.07

Total

As stated above the balance 20.6 sq.km (35.6 - 15) area is yet to be developed for which
detailed project report will be prepared later on. Thus, the final situation of underground sewerage
project for newly merged area is as under:
Sr

Item

Area in sq.km

Amount in lacs

No
1

Detailed underground sewer-age system

15

Rs.5272.07 Lakhs

for merged area stage-III part-I with base


year 2000-01 suggested under Jawaharlal
Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
for the year 2005-06 and 2006-07.
2

Detailed underground drainage system

20.6

for the merged area stage-III part-II


suggested

under

Jawaharlal

The DPR is yet to be


prepared

Nehru

National Urban Renewal Mission for the


year

2008-09. Project is yet to be

conceived.

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

176

Rajkot Municipal Corporation

Summing Up

In view of above, following detailed project reports are submitted for consideration under
JNNURM for the year 2005-06 to 2007-08.
Sr
No
1
2
3
4
5

1
2
3
4
5
6

Name of the component

Estimated cost in Rs. Lakhs

Phase-II (Part-I)
Collective system and house connections
600
Installation of additional non-clog C.F. pumping
285
machinery in existing pump house
Extension of sewage treatment plant with extended
1120
aeration process with sludge digester 44.5 mld capacity.
Additional power connection at Madhapar plant
30
Compound wall at Madhapar plant
15
2050
Total..A
Phase-III (Part-I)
Collective system
1860.76
House connections
1404.59
Pumping Station Civil Works
293.06
Pumping Station Rising Mains Works
139.60
Pumping Station Machinery Works
245.25
Sewage Treatment Plant
1328.81
Total..B
5272.07
7322.07
Total = Total A + Total B
Add 5% contingencies..
366.10
TOTAL Rs. in lakhs
7688.17
Say Rs. in Lakhs
7688
Rupees Seventy Six Crore Eighty Eight Lakhs only/Thus, the submitted DPR for Rajkot Under ground Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III ( Part-I )

amounts Rupees Seventy Six Crore Eighty Eight Lakhs Only.

*********

Detail Project Report for Drainage Phase-II & Phase-III (Part-I) for Rajkot City

177