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Effects of Cement Dust on Nearby Population

School of Civil & Environmental Engineering


National University of Sciences and Technology

Group Members

Muhammad Kamran Khan - NIT


Muhammad Melhan Naz - NIT
Muhammad Tariq
- NIT
Nasir Hameed
- NIT
Jamil Ahmad
- SE
Muhammad Ilyas
- SE
Sarfaraz Faiz
- GTE
Habiba Rafi
- IESE
Tehreem Mustansar
- IESE
Rabia Akmal
- IESE
Naveed Ahmad
- IGIS

Outline
Introduction
Background
Problem
Objectives
Literature Review
Research Methodology
Study Area
Methodology
Timeline
Expected Outcome
References

Introduction
Background:
o Cement plant is a significant source of air pollution because of
use of clinker, gypsum, silica etc. during manufacturing
o Exposure to cement dust, at workplace and among the residents
in adjoining areas cause adverse health effects
o Annual decrease in lung function results due to dust exposure
o In addition to Cancer and pulmonary disorders, skin diseases are
also found among employees in dust related industrial settings
o The skin diseases cause appreciable impact on the quality of life
and may increase the body burden of toxicants for workers

Research Problem
Cement plant is located in outskirts of Islamabad.
Cement industry neighborhoods close to cement plant are
constantly exposed to cement manufacturing dust and fumes.
This study explains the effects of cement plant on nearby
population.

Objectives
To evaluate the amount of cement dust fall on the residential places
of surrounding areas of cement plant
To find health effects on nearby population at different distances
from cement industry and their health condition

Literature Review
Problems due to Cement Industry
o The prevalence of respiratory and chronic bronchitis symptoms to be
significantly higher in cement workers than in controls, both among smokers
and non-smokers (Kalacic, 1973).
o Atmospheric dust is an important source of air pollution, mainly in dry climates.
It contains high concentrations of many metals which have toxic effects on
plants, animals and Humans
o They include specific problems about odors, blasting, noise, respiratory
problems. (Abdul-Wahab, 2006).
o The CO2 emissions from cement plants are next to the coal based thermal power
plants.
o On the global scale the cement industry is responsible for 20% of the man-made
CO2 emissions.
o This contributes to around 10% of the man-made global warming potential
(Anandet al., 2006)

Research Methodology
Study Area:
o

This study will be carried out in Askary cement industry, Wah (Islamabad)

The map of study area is shown in figure in next slide which specifies the
location of cement industry near Islamabad

This study is designed to find health effects of cement industry on


surrounding population of Wah, near Islamabad, where cement industry is
located from last many years.

All crushing and grinding process are carried out at same place

Residence of people are not much far from plant which is harmful for them.
Different locations are selected based on specific distance from the source as
shown in figure.

Methodology
Dust samples will be collected in residential areas from south side of
cement industry.
These samples will be collected on plastic sheets from the roofs of
residential area across cement plant.
Population surveys will be carried out from surrounding cement plant and
disease ratio will be computed in residential areas by using questionnaire
or oral interviews which will determine the ratio of health effects in people
living nearby
Distance will be measured by using Pro distance measured aps from
mobile. Four different locations are selected on the base of distances from
the plant to collect the samples and questionnaires. First distance is 50m,
second is 100m, third is 150m and fourth is 200m away from cement plant.
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Cont..
Questionnaire will be filled by taking information from the people
living in that area by interviewing them and observing their attitude.
All interviews will be conducted face to face, in Urdu or in their native
language.

At the beginning of the interview the objectives of the study will be


explained to each participant and their informed verbal consent will be
obtained.
Data will be analyzed using SPSS. Frequencies, percentages, means and
standard deviations will be calculated for appropriate variables.
Secondary data is to be collected by using different sources like articles
reviews, research reports, books, different regulations and other data
base.

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Timeline

INITIAL SURVEY

1 Month

SAMPLING

3 Months

STATISTICAL
ANALYSIS &
RESULT
COMPILATION

2 Months

TOTAL TIME

6 Months

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Expected Outcome

The ratio of mean value of cement dust samples collected from nearer
location is expected to be higher than the other location

Diseases prevalence ratio from population near cement plant is expected to


be much higher as compared to other location.

The location adjacent to the industry road is expected to have a dust fall
pattern a little higher because of loading trucks of cement.

They are expected to cause health effects like skin problems and eyes
problems which may differ by other locations.

In a location farther from cement plant, population response toward


diseases is likely to be more less because cement dust fall pattern may be
low in that area.
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References

Abdul-Wahab, 2006 Impact of fugitive dust emissions from cement plants on nearby
communities. Ecological Modelling, 4; 338348.

Al Neaimi YI, Gomes J, Lioyd O, 2001. Respiratory illnesses and ventilator function
among workers at a cement factory in a rapidly developing country. Occup Med, 51;
367-373.

Al-Khashman, O.A., Shawabkeh, R.A., 2006. Metals distribution in soils around the
cement factory in southern Jordan. Environ. Pollut. 140; 387394.

Cristina Branquinho, Gisela Gaio-Oliveira, Sofia Augusto, Pedro Pinho, Cristina


Mguas, OtliaCorreia, 2008. Biomonitoring spatial and temporal impact of
atmospheric dust from a cement industry. Environmental Pollution, 151(2); 292299.

Asubiojo, O.I., Aina, P.O., Oluwole, A.F., 1991. Effects of cement dust production on
the elemental composition of soil in the neighborhood of two cement factories. Water,
Air Soil Pollut. 5758.
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