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Week 1 How to Describe a City


Size - big, small, crowded, calm, quiet

... is famous for ...
... is the centre of ...
There is/are ...
Things to do/see (can)
Transportation (easy/difficult by car, taxi, subway etc.)
Advice (should)

Paris is a big and crowded city in Europe. It is the capital of France. It is famous for
cosmetics. At the same time, it is a centre of fashion. Paris is called the city of love. Its
population is 2.5 million. There is a river in Paris, its name is Seine. There are a lot of famous
museums, art galleries, and well-known landmarks in Paris. Many tourists visit Paris every
year. There are a lot of things to do in Paris. If you go to Paris, you can visit the Louvre
Museum, take a photo in front of the Eiffel Tower, go on a boat trip on the River Seine, and
go shopping for cosmetics and fashionable dresses. If you are interested in football, you can
visit Paris Saint-Germains stadium. They make amazing wine in France, so you should try
their wine. Fashion houses organize Paris Fashion Week twice every year. There are a lot of
local festivals, too.
Now its your turn. Please describe a city.

Week 2 How to Describe a Person


Personal information (name, age, hometown, job, marital status etc.)

Physical appearance
Character - Adjectives (helpful, sociable, outgoing, friendly) and support (why?)
Hobbies/interests (interested in, good at, crazy about)
What do you do together?

Robert is my best friend. He is 21 years old. He is from Manchester, but he lives in London.
He stays in a dormitory with 2 roommates. He is a student at university. He studies English
literature. He is single.
He is tall and thin. He has got blond hair and blue eyes. (He wears glasses.) He wears casual
Robert is very outgoing, he can make friends easily. He is also really helpful; he tries to help
everybody around him. Most importantly, he is honest, he never lies. He is not patient, he
hates waiting.
In his free time, he likes reading books about psychology; he is interested in human
psychology. He plays tennis, he is really good at it. And he is crazy about TV series, he never
misses Game of Thrones.
When we meet, we play board games, talk about our lives, and watch movies. We go to the
cinema once a month.
Now its your turn.

Week 3 How to Give Advice and Make Suggestions

1. Subject + should/shouldnt + Verb
Example: You should sleep.
2. Why dont you/we + Verb?
Example: Why dont we order pizza?
3. Shall we/I + verb?
Example: Shall I open the window?
4. Lets + Verb.
Example: Lets go to the cinema.
5. What/How about .....? *(ilk neri olamaz, kabul edilmeyen teklifin ardndan
Example: What about pizza? What about eating pizza?
6. Do you want to + VERB?
Would you like to + VERB?
How to Respond to Suggestions
(+) That sounds great!

(-) Sorry, Im busy.

Thats a good idea!

Im afraid I cant.

Count me in!

I would love to, but .....

Sure! / Of course!

Thanks, but ....

1. A: I have a terrible headache.
B: ____________________________________
2. A: It is really cold!
B: ____________________________________ (turn on the central heating)
3. A: Im bored of studying all day!
B: ____________________________________
4. A: Finally I have some free time!
B: ____________________________________ (watch a movie)
A: Not really, I dont feel like watching a movie.
B: ____________________________________ (go shopping)

Week 4 How to Describe Your Room

1. Where do you live? With whom do you stay?
2. Size (Big, small, spacious, comfortable, cosy, quiet, peaceful)
3. Roommates? Do you get along well?

4. There is/are ... (table, chair, armchair, sofa, bed, computer, TV, bookshelf etc.)
5. How often do you tidy/clean your room?
6. What do you do in your room?
I stay in an apartment. (I stay at a dormitory.) It is not very spacious, but it is quiet and
comfortable. I dont have any roommates (I have two roommates. My roommate and I usually
get along well, but sometimes there are problems. He is noisy, I cant sleep at night because
of him.) My room is not crowded with furniture (there is not much furniture). In my room
there is a bed, a table, a chair, an armchair, a bookcase and a wardrobe. There are two
windows. I can see the street from the windows. I am not a tidy person, but I clean my room
once a month. In my room, I usually study, read books, and listen to music. I like my room,
because it has a nice street view and I can watch people outside. When I want to be alone, I
go to my room and listen to music.
Now its your turn. Describe your room.

Week 5 Can/Cant + VERB ----- Can/ Cant BE + ADJECTIVE


Ability (beceri)
Permission (izin vermek/izin istemek)
Possibility (ihtimal)
Request (rica)

Have to / (He/She/It) Has to + VERB

1. Rules (kurallar)
2. Obligation (Mecburiyet)
I can play the guitar very well.
I cant speak French, it is a difficult language.
A: Can I come in?
B: Sure, you can come in.
Can you help me with the cleaning?
Maybe we can have a picnic this weekend.
You can be successful, if you study hard.
Students have to wear uniform at school.
You have to be at work at 8 a.m.
I have to look after my little brother.
She has to do her homework.
What can we do?
Whatsapp Instagram mobile phone a lot of money on a sunny day when you have no
money - when it is somebodys birthday when it is your anniversary.

Week 6 How was your holiday?


Time and place

Where did you stay and how long? With whom did you go?
What did you do there? Which places did you see? Did you meet new people?
Did something interesting happen? Did you have any problems?
It was an ..... holiday!
I want to go there again! / I will never go there again.

I went to Dublin for my summer holiday last year. I stayed at a hotel for a week. I went there
with my best friend, Jane. In Dublin, we visited some museums and went to an Irish pub. On
the second day of my holiday, I decided to go to the countryside, but Jane didnt want to
come with me. Instead, she wanted to go shopping for some souvenirs. In the countryside,
everything was beautiful. There was a lot of green everywhere! I met some local people and
had lunch with them on the green fields. But suddenly it started to rain. An Irish family
invited me to their house, so I didnt get wet. They were a lovely family. I spent the evening
with them and left. During my stay, I saw beautiful architecture and visited art galleries. The
Irish familys son, James, gave me his number, so we can still keep in touch. We became
good friends. It was an incredible holiday. Dublin is unforgettable. I want to go there again
for my next summer holiday. I am thinking of staying longer this time.

Now its your turn. Talk about a past holiday.

go went
stay stayed
have had
visit visited
swim swam
meet met
buy bought
spend spent
see saw
eat ate
drink drank

Week 7 THEN & NOW

Before (15 years ago)


(be a teenager)

(be 42 years old)

(be a student)

(be a teacher)

(study at high school)

(work at a high school)

(not play the guitar)

(play the guitar)

(speak a little English)

(speak English fluently)

(live in a small town)

(live in a crowded city)

(live with his family)

(live with his wife)

(be single)

(be married)

(not have children)

(have 2 children)

(not have a beard)

(have a beard)

(wear casual clothes)

(wear formal clothes)

Simple Past Tense

Present (imdi)

am (not)



is (not)



are (not)

bulunma hali


was (not)



were (not)


Past (gemi)

bulunma hali

I am at home (Evdeyim).

I was at home (Evdeydim).

He is an architect (O mimardr).

He was an architect (O mimard.)

The waiter is polite (Garson kibardr).

The waiter was polite (Garson kibard).

We are students (Biz renciyiz).

We were students (Biz renciydik).

was-were gemi zamanda yukardaki durumlarn haricinde kullanlmaz.

To be dndaki fiiller was-weree gerek duymadan kendi ikinci hallerini alrlar.
Baz fiiller ikinci hale -ed eki alarak geebilir, bazlar ise dzensizdir.
I go to school (Okula giderim)

I went to school (Okula gittim)

He helps his mother (Annesine yardm eder)

He helped his mother (Annesine yardm etti)

Negative Sentences
Subject + didnt + V1
Olumsuz cmle didnt eklenerek yaplr ve fiil didnt geldii zaman 1. Haline dner.
He helped his mother

He didnt help his mother.

Zaman ifadeleri
Yesterday: dn
Last ___: geen ___ last summer
___ ago: ___ nce
in ___: ___da

Week 8 How to Talk about Future Plans


want to

2 will + V
3 am/is/are Ving
4 am/is/are thinking of Ving (am/is/are planning to V)

When I graduate, I want to work in a big company.
After graduation, I want to go abroad.
I will go to England, because I want to improve my English.
He is going to Ankara tomorrow, because he has an important meeting.

2 years ago
in 1985

When I get married, I want to have 2 children, a boy and a girl.

We are thinking of finding a new apartment, because our apartment is not enough for a big
They are planning to start a rock band.
I am flying to London next weekend, I have a ticket for the F.A. Cup final.
What is your plan after university?
What do you want to do before you die?
What will you do next summer?
What is your plan after retirement?

Week 9 - Comparatives
Rule 1 more + adj (long adjectives) example: expensive more expensive
Rule 2 adj+er (short adjectives) example: small smaller



Rule 1
Rule 2

than Y.

Dolphins are more intelligent than birds.

My father is older than my mother.
Irregular comparatives:
Good better
Bad worse
Much/many more
Little less
Far farther

Do not mistake than with
Then: sonra
Than: -den


Rabbits __________________ (fast) than turtles.

Modern life __________________ (easy) than the old times.
Computers today __________________ (advanced) than those of 20 years ago.
Thanks to the internet, shopping __________________(practical) than before.
People __________________ (polite) in the past.
E-books __________________ (cheap) than print books.
Turkey __________________ (populated) than Greece.
Laptops __________________ (good) than desktops.

1. Where would you like to live: in a big city or in a small town? Why?
2. Which one do you prefer: reading or watching? Why?