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LM79XX

3-Terminal 1A Negative Voltage Regulator


Features

Description

Output Current in Excess of 1A


Output Voltages of -5, -6, -8 , -9, -10, -12, -15, -18 and 24V
Internal Thermal Overload Protection
Short Circuit Protection
Output Transistor Safe Operating Area Compensation

The LM79XX series of three terminal negative regulators


are available in TO-220 package and with several fixed
output voltages, making them useful in a wide range
of applications. Each type employs internal current limiting,
thermal shut down and safe operating area protection,
making it essentially indestructible.
TO-220 (Single Gauge)
Vin

1. GND 2. Input 3. Output

Internal Block Digram

GND
R1
VOLTAGE
REFERENCE

R2

Output
Out

+
Q1

Q2

I1

I2

PROTECTION
CIRCUITRY
Rsc

In

Input

Rev. 1.0.3
2011 Fairchild Semiconductor Corporation

LM79XX

Absolute Maximum Ratings


Parameter

Symbol

Value

Unit

VI

-35

Thermal Resistance Junction-Case (Note1)

RJC

Thermal Resistance Junction-Air (Note1, 2)

RJA

65

Operating Temperature Range

TOPR

0 ~ +125

Storage Temperature Range

TSTG

-65 ~ +150

Input Voltage

C/W

Note:
1. Thermal resistance test board
Size: 76.2mm * 114.3mm * 1.6mm(1S0P)
JEDEC standard: JESD51-3, JESD51-7
2. Assume no ambient airflow

Electrical Characteristics (LM7905)


(VI = -10V, IO = 500mA, 0C TJ +125C, CI =2.2F, CO =1F, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Output Voltage

Line Regulation (Note3)

Load Regulation (Note3)

Quiescent Current
Quiescent Current Change
Temperature Coefficient of VD

Symbol
VO

VO

VO

IQ
IQ
Vo/T

Conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

TJ = +25C

-4.8

-5.0

-5.2

IO = 5mA to 1A, PO 15W


VI = -7V to -20V

-4.75

-5.0

-5.25

VI = -7V to -25V

35

100

VI = -8V to -12V

50

TJ = +25C
IO = 5mA to 1.5A

10

100

TJ =+25C
IO = 250mA to 750mA

50

TJ =+25C

IO = 5mA to 1A

0.05

0.5

VI = -8V to -25V

0.1

0.8

IO = 5mA

- 0.4

mV/C

40

TJ = +25C

Unit
V

mV

mV

mA
mA

Output Noise Voltage

VN

f = 10Hz to 100kHz
TA =+25C

Ripple Rejection

RR

f = 120Hz
VI = 10V

54

60

dB

Dropout Voltage

VD

TJ = +25C
IO = 1A

Short Circuit Current

ISC

TJ =+25C, VI = -35V

300

mA

Peak Current

IPK

TJ =+25C

2.2

Note
3. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be taken
into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

LM79XX

Electrical Characteristics (LM7906) (Continued)


(VI = -11V, IO = 500mA, 0C TJ +125C, CI =2.2F, CO =1F, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Output Voltage

Line Regulation (Note1)

Load Regulation (Note1)

Quiescent Current
Quiescent Current Change
Temperature Coefficient of VD

Symbol
VO

VO

VO

IQ
IQ
Vo/T

Conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

TJ = +25C

-5.75

-6

-6.25

IO = 5mA to 1A, PO 15W


VI = -9V to -21V

-5.7

-6

-6.3

VI = -8V to -25V

10

120

VI = -9V to -13V

60

TJ = +25C
IO = 5mA to 1.5A

10

120

TJ =+25C
IO = 250mA to 750mA

60

TJ =+25C

IO = 5mA to 1A

0.05

0.5

VI = -8V to -25V

0.1

1.3

IO = 5mA

-0.5

mV/C

130

TJ = +25C

Unit
V

mV

mV

mA
mA

Output Noise Voltage

VN

f = 10Hz to 100kHz
TA =+25C

Ripple Rejection

RR

f = 120Hz
VI = 10V

54

60

dB

Dropout Voltage

VD

TJ = +25C
IO = 1A

Short Circuit Current

ISC

TJ = +25C, VI = -35V

300

mA

Peak Current

IPK

TJ = +25C

2.2

Note
1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be taken
into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty is used.

LM79XX

Typical Performance Characteristics

15

Vin=10V
Io=40mA

Ou 5.05
tp
5
ut
Vo
lta 4.95
ge
[- 4.9
V]

Load Regulation[mV]

Output Voltage[-V]

5.1

Vin=25V
Io=100mA

4.85

Lo 13
ad 11
Re 9
gul 7
ati 5
on 3
[m
1
V]

Io=1.5A

Io=0.75A

-1
-3

4.8

-5
-40

-25

25

50

75

100

125

-40

-25

TA, Ambient Temperature [ oC]

Figure 1. Output Voltage

25

50

75

100

125

Figure 2. Load Regulation

5
4.5
4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

Dropout Voltage [V]

V l

[V]

3.5

Quiescent Current [mA]

TA, Ambient Temperature [ oC]

3
2.5
2
1.5

Io=1A

1
0.5
0

-40

-25
0
25
50
75
100
TA, Ambient Temperature [oC]

125

Figure 3. Quiescent Current

-40

-25

25

50

75

100

125

TA, Ambient Temperature [oC]

Figure 4. Dropout Voltage

Short Circuit Current[A]

0.6
0.55

Sh 0.5
ort 0.45
Cir 0.4
cui 0.35
0.3
t
0.25
Cu 0.2
rre 0.15
nt 0.1
[A] 0.05

0
-0.05
-0.1
-40

-25

25

50

75

100

TA, Ambient Temperature [ oC]

125

Figure 5. Short Circuit Current

11