7 views

Uploaded by mahto

piles

- 02week12
- EAS356 RC Design II W4 Student Version2 Ssz
- Design Boiler
- Combined Footings and Mat Foundations
- Elevated Storage Reservoir Design
- Rms Edisi Obe Cq204
- Mukherjee and Dey, NSGID, 2016
- Analysis of Static Axial Load Capacity of Single p (1)
- Pile cap ACI_EC2-20161217(2)
- Brochure GreenWall - Uk -2016-A
- Advanced Som
- LRFD Design Example of Steel Girder Bridge
- NPGeoCalc Piles Theory v2.1
- Civil engineering glossary
- All Pile Anggi
- FDOT_BC354_60
- Foundation Concept for Stationary Low.spees Diesels
- chapxii1
- Use of Bitumen-Discussion
- T08_09

You are on page 1of 39

Project Part-B

NIT Warangal

Members:

Aakash Mishra(121201)

Rajeeb Singh(121148)

Khandu Wangmo(121130)

Sherab Jorden(121260)

Supervisor:

Dr. Ramana Murthy V, Associate Professor, Geotechnical Division

Project Part-B

Piles are commonly used in transferring the axial loads or

forces which is primarily arises due to gravity load(weight of

the superstructure). But piles are often subjected to lateral

loads and moments.

The lateral load can be sustained like earth pressure on

retaining wall or it can be alternating as from reciprocating

machine, or can be pulsating which occurs due to traffic load

in structure like bridge pier or it can be seismic load.

Response of lateral pile is very complex behavior because

deflection of pile depends upon soil reaction which in turn

depends upon pile deflection.

A fairly reliable methods were developed later to predict the

lateral response of the pile by Matlock and Reese, Broms and

so.

we used finite element method for the analysis of laterally

loaded pile.

Project Part-B

Failure mechanism.

Failure mechanism for Axial pile is simple. Pile moves

downward if acting load exceeds the soil resistance and pile

suffers excessive vertical deflection and ultimately leads to

collapse of the structure.

In case of Lateral pile mechanism is a bit complex. In this

case pile can rotate, bend or translate.

If the pile is small then it doesnt bend much but rotates or

even translate. This type is called rigid pile.

If the pile is long and slender then it bends on application of

load. This type is known as flexible pile.

Figure: Translation.

Figure: Rotation

Project Part-B

Beams on Elastic Foundation.

Reese and Matlock: They were the first who assumed that

the soil modulus to be changing i.e. increasing with depth and

developed solutions for laterally loaded piles in a

non-dimensional form. They have developed the expressions

for the computation of shear force, bending moment, soil

reaction and deflection for cohesion less soil.

Davisson and Gill: For elastic cohesive soil this method is

employed to calculate deflection, shear force, bending moment

and soil reaction.

Broms approch :- Broms provided the graph for calculation

of lateral capacity of the pile in both cohesive and

non-cohesive soil, in both conditions of Rigid and Flexible pile.

Project Part-B

Continuum Approach.

Analysis of laterally loaded pile can be made by treating the

soil which is surrounding the pile as 3 D continuum.

This concept is conceptually more appealing than Beams on

Elastic Foundation Approach since the interaction between

pile and soil is indeed 3 D in nature.

Today the most versatile continuum based method for analysis

available is Finite Element Method. Same method is employed

for our analysis using FEM software.

Project Part-B

clay.

The soil, pile and Load details are given below:Medium clay

C/s of the pile = Circular

Length of the pile(L)=15m

Pile Diameter(D) = 80cm

pile Cover= 75mm

Concrete() = 25kN/m3

Horizontal Force(H) = 400kN

unit weight= 19kN/m3

cohesion(C)= 25kN/m3

Project Part-B

deflection.

Figure: Change in BM

Figure: Change in

Lateral Capacity.

Figure: Change in

MOR

Project Part-B

Summary.

medium clay with other parameters constant, the Lateral

Capacity against the lateral load decreases.

Max. deflection and max. bending moment also decreases

with increase in modulus of elasticity of the soil.

It can be concluded that with an increase in modulus of

elasticity cant improve the lateral capacity of the soil but it

helps in reducing the lateral deflection of the pile.

Project Part-B

Figure: Change in

Lateral capacity.

Figure: Change in

MOR

Figure: Change in

Axial Capacity.

Figure: Change in

deflection

Project Part-B

Summary.

Lateral Capacity , Axial Capacity as well as Lateral Moment

of Resistance of the soil against the lateral load increases.

Max. deflection, max. Bending moment and Max. Shear

Force remains constant.

It can be concluded that with an increase in the cohesion of

the soil lateral capacity of the soil increases. It is wise to

improve the cohesion of the soil instead of the modulus of

elasticity to increase the lateral capacity.

At the same time if the issue is regarding the deflection then

its wise to improve the elasticity of the soil rather than

improving the cohesion.

Project Part-B

soil

Project Part-B

Figure: Change in

Lateral capacity.

Figure: Change in

MOR

Figure: Change in

Axial Capacity.

Figure: Change in

deflection

Project Part-B

Summary.

Capacity , Axial Capacity as well as Lateral Moment of

Resistance of the soil against the lateral load increases.

It can also be concluded from the graph that Axial capacity of

the soil increases curve linearly as the value of the angle of

shear resistance increases.

The max. deflection, max. Bending moment and Max. Shear

Force remains constant with change in the Angle of Shearing

Resistance of the soil.

It is wise to improve the Angle of shear Resistance of the soil

to increase the lateral capacity.

Project Part-B

Sand 1

Cross-section of the pile = Circular

Length of the pile(L)=15m

Pile Diameter(D) = 80cm

pile Cover= 75mm

Concrete () = 25kN/m3

Moment acting at tip of pile (M) = 400kN-m

Eccentricity(e)= 1m unit weight= 14.5kN/m3

Angle of Shearing resistance() = 37

Project Part-B

Results

Figure:

Bending

moment and

SF.

Figure: Soil

pressure and

axial force.

Project Part-B

Length of the pile(L)=15m

Pile Diameter(D) = 80cm

pile Cover= 75mm

Concrete() = 25kN/m3

Horizontal Force(H) = 400kN

unit weight= 14.5kN/m3

Angle of Shearing resistance() = 37

Poisson ration()=0.3

Elasticity of the soil(E)= 40Mpa.

Project Part-B

Project Part-B

Conclusions

both flexural stress and shear stress into consideration. and

shear stress.

To take care of bending stress flexural reinforcement is

provided all along the length of the pile in the form of

longitudinal bars and for the shear stress helical stirrups are

provided all along the length of the pile with desired spacing

between stirrup steps.

Project Part-B

embedded multi-layered soil strata.

Project Part-B

Results

and axial force.

Project Part-B

Figure: Ultimate

horizontal capacity of

the pile.

Figure: Horizontal

and vertical

deflection.

Project Part-B

pile.

Project Part-B

layer

The top layer of the soil is replaced with stiff clay and change in

pile and soil characteristics are observed and comparison is made.

Project Part-B

Results

force.

Project Part-B

Results

vertical de- flection of the

pile. .

Project Part-B

capacity of the pile.

Analysis of Laterally loaded piles.

Results

pile.

Project Part-B

Results

Project Part-B

stiff clay.

Project Part-B

Project Part-B

axial force.

capacity.

vertical deflection.

Project Part-B

pile.

Project Part-B

Project Part-B

When the soil layer below the tip of the pile is replaced

with stiff clay

Project Part-B

Results

axial force.

Project Part-B

Results

capacity.

Project Part-B

pile.

Results

vertical deflection.

Project Part-B

Project Part-B

References.

PRACTICE. Fourth Edition, 1994.

APPC soil properties,

http://docslide.us/documents/appc-soil-properties.html

Analysis of laterally loaded piles in layered soils,

http://www.ejge.com/2008/Ppr0886/Ppr0886.pdf

Three dimensional modeling of laterally loaded pile groups

resting in sand,

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article

Project Part-B

THANK YOU!

Project Part-B

- 02week12Uploaded byHundeejireenya
- EAS356 RC Design II W4 Student Version2 SszUploaded bySteven Kua
- Design BoilerUploaded byAnonymous nwByj9L
- Combined Footings and Mat FoundationsUploaded byIbrahim Surya
- Elevated Storage Reservoir DesignUploaded bypsconsultants
- Rms Edisi Obe Cq204Uploaded byrozal_qs
- Mukherjee and Dey, NSGID, 2016Uploaded byMonal Raj
- Analysis of Static Axial Load Capacity of Single p (1)Uploaded byNguyễn Nhân
- Pile cap ACI_EC2-20161217(2)Uploaded bymongkol_1001
- Brochure GreenWall - Uk -2016-AUploaded bySelena Sabrina
- Advanced SomUploaded byManoj Mallick
- LRFD Design Example of Steel Girder BridgeUploaded byAnonymous 1BdR0EQgbu
- NPGeoCalc Piles Theory v2.1Uploaded byManop Metha
- Civil engineering glossaryUploaded byMaria Ionela Handolescu
- All Pile AnggiUploaded byPutri Asrinia
- FDOT_BC354_60Uploaded byavisek_basu
- Foundation Concept for Stationary Low.spees DieselsUploaded byVodanh Tieutot
- chapxii1Uploaded byElena Nedelcu
- Use of Bitumen-DiscussionUploaded byReemALMousawi
- T08_09Uploaded bychakrapanithota
- Boulder Soil Pile Dynamic InteractionUploaded byPaolo Gargarella
- Case Study - Structural Design for Modern Insulator%27s Shuttle Kiln RoofUploaded bygems_gce074325
- A New Design Method Gives Drilled Shafts a BoostUploaded byTony Chan
- BEAM ELEMENT USING FEMUploaded bySUNILKHUNTIA1988
- Drilled Shaft Foundation for BridgesUploaded byAnonymous pD2ymRUgu
- Superposition MethodUploaded byAdron Lim
- B07_OpenSeesDays08-GeotechProjectUploaded bymohan
- Wk3 SectionsUploaded byJen Tan
- Chapter 4.1.2018_Pad FoundationUploaded byHawaiiChong
- Mech Vib Preliminary-10-08-2015.pdfUploaded byHarsh V Ashok

- eco1.pdfUploaded bymahto
- eco1.pdfUploaded bymahto
- Pile Foundations Under Lateral LoadsUploaded bymahto
- Spot Speed ExperimentUploaded bymahto
- Tvsphuntsho@IntersectionUploaded bymahto
- 1992Uploaded bymahto
- Class GCM Climate ChangeUploaded bymahto
- Pile Foundation Re1Uploaded bymahto
- Adhesion Factor Curve by TomlinsonUploaded bymahto
- Well FoundationsUploaded bymahto
- Tvsrajeeb@IntersectionUploaded bymahto
- Tvc@IntersectionUploaded bymahto
- Shape TestUploaded bymahto
- Transport HandbookUploaded byUmesh Rai
- Combined Footing Vtu DocumentUploaded bySyed Ismail
- 1343-2012 Prestress ConcreteUploaded bymahto
- Nepal Earthquake NischalUploaded bymahto
- Kramer Final Geotechnical EngineeringUploaded bymahto
- AASHTO_GDPS_1993Uploaded bymahto
- Watertank GSUploaded byVedha Nayaghi
- Detailing of Steel in Stair CasesUploaded bySandesh Kumar
- Des_Ret_Wal-MCNUploaded byrodriguez.gaytan
- Beams-GS(2)Uploaded byAvish Gunnuck
- Role of Science in Building a Better WorldUploaded byBristena Georgiana
- IRS Bridge Sub-structure and Foundation CodeUploaded bymahto
- Handbook Cpwd NoPWUploaded byAijaz Zende

- Versaloc| Adbri MasonryUploaded bykristenjames
- Geotechnical FormulasUploaded byDarwin Bajo
- soil mechUploaded bytitukutty
- Stabilized Soil BlockUploaded bySibyl Kunle Harleston
- kulaman bafmpUploaded byJhoanne Zaldariaga
- Nitrogen CycleUploaded byHardik
- Tds Meyco Slf p2Uploaded byAnonymous kBl0u3n
- DK Grow HerbsUploaded byRon Bailey
- Khan Towhid Osman (Auth.) - Soils_ Principles, Properties and Management (2013, Springer Netherlands)Uploaded byJosé Olarte
- AbbriviationUploaded byAnna Nguyen
- Improvement of Soil Index Properties by Adding Stone Dust MixUploaded byIJSTE
- Grundfosliterature-220165.pdfUploaded byMisgates
- EN6501-SCAD-MSM- By www.LearnEngineering.in.pdfUploaded byMurali
- project 2 - alkhaldi - earthquake resistant building 1Uploaded byapi-342767788
- Temps Oil Stabilization GuideUploaded byAch R A Amrit
- gen ed and prof ed reviewerUploaded byMelody Dia
- Balled and BurlapedUploaded byFrancine Palmer
- Appsc & AEE Civil Engineering(PAPER-3)Uploaded byJinka Sreenath
- carambola (Balimbing)Uploaded byrpine35
- Adaptation, Biomass and Ethanol Yields of Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) Varieties at Dryland Farming Areas of Jimbaran Bali, Indonesia (2)Uploaded byAlexander Decker
- 109365635-Report-Silt-Test-for-Sand.docxUploaded byZanne Rose
- TenCate Geotubes Global Marine_USA.pdfUploaded bypjgomezd
- Development of a Treatment Technique to Reduce the Water Absorption Capacity of Recycled AggregatesUploaded bypasindu
- Soil Fertility IndexUploaded bypin2.63
- Bridge ConstructionUploaded byChan Siew Chong
- 11-17 (WANDER)Uploaded bymahmoudkamal
- Design Risk of Ground Improvement Methods Including Rigid Inclusions W.wehr M. Topolnicki W.sondermann 2012 (1)Uploaded byanar
- TerminologyUploaded byHaider H. Al-kadimi
- Nitrogen Acquisition and Assimilation in Higher Plants Plant Eco Physiology Volume 3 (1)Uploaded byFilip Cristian
- 3465_Economic Valuation and Environmental Assessment (Training Manual)Uploaded byIke Sari Astuti