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Spread Sheet

Analysis and Design of Foundation for Vertical Vessel as per PIP STE03

REVISION / APPROVAL HISTORY

xxx

Original

KNV

RS/SG

Rev

Date

Description of Change

Originator

Reviewer

Records of approval are retained in the Quality Department

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CONTENTS
1
2
3

PURPOSE
SCOPE
DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS
3.1 Definitions

4
5
6
7
8

3.2 Acronyms
REFERENCES
RESPONSIBILITY & AUTHORITY
DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES
RECORDS
APPENDICES

Document Number

XXX-XXX-EN-VSS-C-XXX

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Spread Sheet

1.0PURPOSE

This spreadsheet is prepared for the analysis and design of foundation for vertical vessel as per PIP STE003
See sheet "User Manual" for further details.
2.0 SCOPE
This spreadsheet can be used for analysis and design of foundation for vertical vessel for the project.
3.0 DEFINITIONS AND ACRONYMS
Refer spreadsheet
3.1 Definitions
Refer spreadsheet
3.2 Acronyms
Refer spreadsheet
4.0

REFERENCES

Refer spreadsheet
5.0

RESPONSIBILITY & AUTHORITY

Not Applicable
6.0

DESCRIPTION OF ACTIVITIES

Refer spreadsheet
7.0 RECORDS
Refer spreadsheet
8.0 APPENDICES
Refer spreadsheet

Document Number

XXX-XXX-EN-VSS-C-XXX

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Applicability

0
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Document Type

Spread Sheet

as per PIP STE03350

tment

KJR
Approver

3
3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3
3

vessel as per PIP STE003350.

ssel for the project.

Document Number

XXX-XXX-EN-VSS-C-XXX

Revision

Applicability

XXXXXXX

Document Type

Spread Sheet

Spreadsheet Users Manual


Analysis and Design of Foundation for Vertical Vessel as per PIP STE03350
1) Introduction:
This spread sheet is developed for analysis and design of foundation for Vertical Vessel as per PIP STE03550.

There are six nos of sheets including Users Manual. "Input" is for enter the loading data and gemetrical inputs. "Sizing_stability" ca
out the analysis of the foundation based on the Input and thereby is used for sizing the foundation."Design" is used for design of th
foundation depth and reinforcement as per BS Code. "Summary" higlight the results of the analysis and design of foundation of ver
vessel.
2) Assumptions :
a) Analysis of Vertical Vessel Foundation is carried out in accordance with PIP STE 03350
b) Foundation is designed as Rigid Foundation resting on soil. Bearing pressure below the
foundation is considered to be linear in nature.
c) Applied forces are considered at top of Pedestal
d) Twisting effect on Pedestal is not considered in design.
e) Passive pressure is not considered .
f) Value of Design moment in any direction is the absolute sum of moment developed and
the moment due to horizontal force in same direction to get conservative value.

er PIP STE03550.

gemetrical inputs. "Sizing_stability" carries


ation."Design" is used for design of the
nalysis and design of foundation of vertical

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

2.0 INPUT DATA FOR FOUNDATION SUPPORTING VERTICAL VESSELS


Three types of foundations are considered here
Foundation Type 1
Foundation Type 2
Foundation Type 3

Octagonal base slab with octagonal pedestal


Octagonal base slab with square pedestal
Octagonal base slab with no pedestal

3.521 m

1.66m
b =4m

B =8.5m

FOUNDATION TYPE 1

y = 0.300

Page 11of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX
Df =

2.300

ts

1.250

SKETCH OF FOUNDATION TYPE AND GEOMETRY


Select the type of foundation by clicking the radio button.
1.00
Foundation Type 1

Type of Foundation

Note:- Foundation type 3 consists of a simple octagonal slab without pedestal resting on so

2.1 Anchor Bolt Data

For Information Only

Number of Anchor Bolts =

16 Nos

Type of Anchor Bolt

Anchor Bolt Dia

36 mm

Grade of Bolts

Bolt Circle diameter =


Outer Diameter of Base Plate =
Base Plate Width =

BC=

3.500 m

Polystyrene Plug Dia =

1.200 m
300 mm

2.2 Foundation Geometric Data


Width of Pedestal (b) =
(Ignore Input for Type - 3)

4.00 m

Width of Base Slab(B) =

8.50 m

Minimum Width of Pedestal/B

Criteria Criteria -

Thk. of base slab(ts) =

1.3 m

Criteria -

Page 12of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX
O/A depth of fdn.(Df) =

2.3 m

Pedestal projection above Ground(y) =

0.30 m

Minimum
Width of
Pedestal
Check for Pedestal Size:

2.3 Vessel Data :TABLE - 1


Empty weight of vessel =

1657.89 kN

Wt of vessel during erection =

1960.00 kN

Operating Wt.of Vessel

2079.72 kN

= Empty Wt + Content W

2844.90 kN

= Empty Wt + Test Fluid W

Wt.of vessel (hydro-test)/ (Upset) =

3.050 m

Diameter of skirt=
Height of skirt =

3.50 m

Fire proofing thickness =

0.00 mm

2.4 Load data


TABLE - 2
Wind moment during erection =
Wind shear during erection

499 kN-m

47 kN

Wind moment during operation =


Wind shear during operation

1593 kN-m

106 kN

Wind moment under empty condition =


Wind shear under empty condition =
Seismic moment during erection =
Seismic shear during erection

Wind moment during hydro test/upset =

1593 kN-m
106 kN
2502.00 kN-m
204.00 kN
797 kN-m

( 50% WL )

Page 13of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX
Wind shear during hydro test/upset =

53 kN

Seismic moment during operation =


Seismic shear during operation

3708 kN-m

277 kN

Seismic moment vessel empty =


Seismic shear Vessel empty

( 50% WL )

2502.00 kN-m

204.00 kN

Extra mom.due to piping(if any)=

0.00 kN.m

Moment due to nozzle load (operation)=

0 kN.m

Shear due to nozzle load (operation) =

0 kN

Vertical load due to nozzle load(ope.) =

0.0 kN

2.5 Material data


Density of concrete =

24 kN/m3

Density of backfilling soil =

18 kN/m3

Density of Fireproofing =

24.00 kN/m3

2.6 RCC Design data :Cube strength of concrete =

20 N/mm2

Yield strength of steel =

420 N/mm2

Clear cover to concrete =


Dia of bottom bar in base slab

50 `
=

20 mm

Dia of top bar ( if reqd.) in base slab

20 mm (Bar dia should be > = 10mm if no soil se

Dia of pedestal main vertical bars

25 mm

(Values ignored for Type -

8 mm

(Values ignored for Type -

Dia of pedestal tie reinforcement

Page 14of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

2.7 Soil Data


Allowable Bearing Capacity of soil =
Friction Coeff. between soil & Conc. =
Depth of Ground Water Table =
% of the backfill weight to be considered in stability
checks =
SBC Increase Factor =
F.O.S against overturning =
F.O.S against sliding (normal) =
F.O.S against sliding (test) =

125 kN/m2
0.36
5 m (below FGL)
50 %
1.2
1.5
1.5
1.1

Page 15of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1

FOUNDATION TYPE 2

y=
ts =
Df =

Page 16of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1

FOUNDATION TYPE 3
(ELEVATION)

hout pedestal resting on soil

For Information Only

Type of Anchor Bolt

35

mm

Grade of Bolts

48

ksi

Polystyrene Plug Dia =

0 mm

PIP STE03350 Refer Cl 4.5.1.1

Minimum Width of Pedestal/Base Slab

3.73 m
3.94 m

3.9 m

=BC+ 9 inches
=BC+ 8 (BD) for Grade 36 anchor Bolts
=BC+ 12 (BD) for high-strength anchor Bolts
=BC+ SD+ 7 (BD) for Grade 36 anchor Bolts
=BC+ SD+ 11 (BD) for high-strength anchor
Bolts

Page 17of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1
3.94 m

Check for Pedestal Size:

Ok

= Empty Wt + Content Wt + Platform DL + Platform LL

= Empty Wt + Test Fluid Wt + Platform DL + Platform LL

( 50% WL )

Page 18of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1

( 50% WL )

hould be > = 10mm if no soil separation / > = 12mm if soil separation)

(Values ignored for Type - 3)

(Values ignored for Type - 3)


Page 19of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1

Page 20of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

3.0 Stability and Bearing Capacity Calculations


3.1

Calculation for stability of foundation under various load conditions

Stability calculation
W = 4404 kN
[A] During Erection :(a) Overturning

Mt =607.1 kN-m
Vt =47 kN

Wind moment

499 + 47 x 2.3 =

607 kN-m
kN-m

Weight of RCC foundation


=
50% weight of backfill =
Wt of vessel (erection) =
Upward Force due to buoyancy =
Total weight (W) =

2130 kN
315 kN
1960 kN
0 kN
2130 + 315 + 1960 - 0 =

h =2.3 m

4404 kN
0.5 x B =4.25m

Overturning Moment (Mt) =

607 kN-m

Eccentricity e = (Mt/W)
8.5/ (2 x 0.138) =

30.80

Base Shear due to Wind (Fs) =


Resisting Friction (Fr) =

0.36 x 4404.105=

47 kN
1585 kN

F.O.S(Fr/Fs) =

1585 / 47

33.73

1593 + 106 x 8.5 =

2494 kN-m

Stability Ratio (S.R.) = b/2e=

FREE BODY DIAGRAM FOR OVERTURNING


ABOUT POINT X

0.138 m
>

1.5

Foundation Safe

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

(b) Sliding

[B] Under empty condition :(a) Overturning

Wind moment =
Seismic moment =

Weight of RCC foundation


=
50% weight of backfill =
Wt of vessel (empty) =
Upward Force due to buoyancy =
Total weight (W) =
Overturning Moment (Mt) =

2130 kN
315 kN
1658 kN
0.00 kN
2130 + 315 + 1658 - 0 =

NOTE:For stability of foundation weight of foundation, 50% weight of over burden s

4102 kN
2494 kN-m

Page 21of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Eccentricity e = (Mt/W)
Stability Ratio (S.R.) = b/2e=

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:
0.608 m

8.5/ (2 x 0.608) =

6.99

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

(b) Sliding

Base shear due to Wind (Fs) =


Resisting Friction (Fr) =

0.36 x 4101.995=

47 kN
1477 kN

F.O.S(Fr/Fs) =

1477 / 47

31.42

Wind & Nozzle moment =

1593+106 x 2.3+0+0x2.3=

1837 kN-m

Seismic & Nozzle moment =

3708 + 277 x 2.3 + 0 + 0 x 2.3

4345 kN-m

[C] Under Operating condition


(a) Overturning

Operating weight of vessel =


Total weight(W)

Overturning Moment (Mt) =

2080 kN
2130 + 315 + 2080 - 0 =

4524 kN

MAX(1837 , 4345) =

4345 kN-m

Eccentricity e = (Mt/W)

0.96 m
8.5/ (2 x 0.96) =

4.43

Max. Base shear (Wind/EQ, Fs) =


Resisting Friction (Fr) =

MAX(106,277 )
0.36 x 4523.825 =

204 kN
1629 kN

F.O.S(Fr/Fs) =

1629 / 204 =

7.98

796.5 + 53 x 2.3

918 kN-m

Stability Ratio (S.R.) = b/2e=


(b) Sliding

[D] Under Hydro Test/Upset Condition


(a) Overturning

Wind moment =
Test weight of vessel =
Total weight(W)

2845 kN

2130 + 315 + 2845 - 0 =

5289 kN

Page 22of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

Overturning Moment (Mt) =

918 kN-m

Eccentricity e = (Mt/W)

0.174 m
8.5/ (2 x 0.174) =

24.43

Wind shear (Fs) =


Resisting Friction (Fr) =

0.36 x 5289.005 =

53 kN
1904 kN

F.O.S(Fr/Fs) =

1904 / 53 =

35.93

Stability Ratio (S.R.) = b/2e=

>

1.5

Foundation Safe

>

1.1

Foundation Safe

(b) Sliding

Calculation of Soil Pressure


Geometric Properties of foundation
m

Min. Section Modulus of


Foundaton about(Zm-m)

=0.8284*B^2

59.85 m2
df

=0.1011*B^3

B =8.5

Area of Foundation (A)

62.09 m3

3.2 Calculation of soil pressure under various load combination


Foundation load (Concrete + Backfill )
Wt of fire proofing =

2129.57 + 629.07
(Refer Section 2.7)

2759 kN
0 kN

Load case 1 is explained below :


Design vertical load (P)
Design moment(M) (Section 2.4)
e (M/P)
e/B

1657.89 + 2758.64 + 0 - 0
1593 + 106 x 2.3
= 1837 / 4417 =
= 0.416/8.5 =

4417 kN
1837 kN-m
0.416
0.049

Diagonal
P1(diagonal) = P/A [1 + (8.19e/D)]
P2(diagonal) = P/A [1 - (8.19e/D)]
Maximum Pressures
For Diagonal
For Flat
Allowable gross pressure

103.37 kN/m2
44.21 kN/m2

= 125 x 1.2+18x (2.3-0.3)

Modified Pressure if e/B >0.122


P1(diagonal)
103.37 kN/m2

FLAT
P1(flat) = P/A [1 + (7.57e/D)]

101.13

P2(diagonal)

P2(flat) = P/A [1 - (7.57e/D)]

46.45

44.21 kN/m2
103.37
101.13
186.00

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

Refer Cl. 4.7.3.2

Page 23of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

Other load cases are similarly computed and tabulated below - TABLE - 3
At the top of the Fdn
Load
case
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Load combination

DL(Empty)+WL
DL(Erection)+WL
DL(Erection)+SL
DL(Operating)+WL
DL(Operating)+SL
DL(Hydro/Upset)+50% WL
DL(Hydro/Upset)

At the Foundation Bottom

Vessel Vertical
load
kN

Moment
kN-m

Shear
kN

Vertical
Load(P)
kN

Moment
(M)
kN-m

e/D =
(M/(PxDd))

1657.89
1960.00
1960.00
2079.72
2079.72
2844.90
2844.90

1593.00
499.00
2502.00
1593.00
3708.00
796.50
0.00

106.00
47.00
204.00
106.00
277.00
53.00
0.00

4416.53
4718.64
4718.64
4838.36
4838.36
5603.54
1199.44

1836.80
607.10
2971.20
1836.80
4345.10
918.40
0.00

0.049
0.015
0.073
0.044
0.105
0.019
0.00

103.12
88.53
126.28
110.17
150.22
108.29
20.04

44.46
69.15
31.40
51.51
11.46
78.96
20.04

Case-1

Test
Case-2

Case-3

1.4
0

1.2
1.2

1
1.2

For Diagonal For Diagonal


e/D =
pmax
pmin
(M/(PxD))
kN/m2
kN/m2
0.049
0.015
0.074
0.045
0.106
0.019
0.00

For Flat
pmax
kN/m2

For Flat
pmin
kN/m2

100.90
87.80
122.69
107.95
144.96
107.18
20.04

46.683
69.879
34.989
53.731
16.713
80.069
20.04

For Flat
pmax
kN/m2

For Flat
pmin
kN/m2

133.90
106.49
115.56

57.999
30.585
90.473

86.13
143.77
113.53
170.68
168.28

61.040
67.866
37.632
40.958
0.000

123.72

123.715

3.3 FACTORED LOAD AND SOIL PRESSURE FOR R.C.C. DESIGN


Basic Load
Loading Combinations
DL +WL
DL+SL

Dead Load
Wind Load

Erection/Empty
Case-1
Case-2
1.4
1.4

Operating
Case-1
Case-2

1
1.4

1.4
1.4

1.0
1.4

Dead Load

1.4

Seismic Load

1.4

1.4

Calculation of various parameters in the following table is similar to that for table - 3, except that the loads are multiplied with load factors.
Modified Stress=C2*p1-Factored Overburden Pressure.

TABLE - 4
At the Top of the Foundation

Load
case
1
2
3

Load combination
1.4 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1.4 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL

At the Foundation Bottom

Vertical load
kN
2321.05
1657.89
2744.00

Moment
kN-m
2230.20
2230.20
698.60

Shear
kN
148.40
148.40
65.80

Vertical
Load(P)
kN
5742.79
4102.00
6165.75

Moment(M)
kN-m
2571.52
2571.52
849.94

4
5
6
7
8

1 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL
1.4DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1.4DL(Operating)+1.4SL
1DL(Operating)+1.4SL

1960.00
2911.61
2079.72
2911.61
2079.72

698.60
2230.20
2230.20
3502.80
5191.20

65.80
148.40
148.40
387.80
387.80

4404.11
6333.36
4523.83
6333.36
4523.83

849.94
2571.52
2571.52
4394.74
6083.14

1.4DL(Hydro/Upset)) +0WL

3982.86

0.00

0.00

7404.61

0.00

e/D =
(M/(PxDd))
0.052
0.073
0.016
0.023
0.047
0.066
0.081
0.157
0.000

For Diagonal For Diagonal


e/D =
pmax
pmin
(M/(PxD))
kN/m2
kN/m2
137.01
109.60
116.59

54.89
27.48
89.45

87.15
146.88
116.64
175.99
172.09

60.01
64.76
34.52
35.65
0.00

123.72

123.72

0.053
0.074
0.016
0.023
0.048
0.067
0.082
0.158
0.000

Page 24of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

10

1.2DL(Hydro/Upset))
+1.2(50%)WL

3413.88

955.80

63.60

6346.81

1102.08

11

1DL(Hydro/Upset))
+1.2(50%)WL

2844.90

955.80

63.60

5289.01

1102.08

Net Factored Soil Pressure for foundation design =

0.024

123.64

88.44

105.97

70.77

0.020
0.025

122.31

89.777

104.63

72.103

(Pressure for Bottom Rebar Calculation)

118.82 kN/m2

Backfill pressure =

14 kN/m2

Size of the Equivalent Square for the pedestal

= SQRT(0.8284 x 8.5^2)

7.74 m

Projection beyond pedestal =

= (8.5-4)/2

2.25 m

Stress at edge of pedestal /skirt

0.020

=-16.21+(118.82-(-16.21))/8.5x (8.5-2.25)

Stress at distance d from ped.


Effective depth of base slab

=1.25-50/1000-1.5x(20)/1000

83.08 kN/m2
101.66 kN/m2
1.17 m

Maxm. Factored sagging moment at the face of the square

= 118.82 * 2.25 * (2.25/2) =

300.76 kN-m/m

Maxm. Factored shear at distance d from the square

= 118.82 * (2.25 - 1.17 ) =

128.32 kN/m

Maxm. Factored shear at the face of the square =

= 118.82 * 2.25 =

267.34 kN/m

Max. factored hogging moment at the face of the square =

1.4x (13.5x2.25^2/2+24x2.25^2/2)

132.89 kN-m/m

Factored shear at the face of the pedestal due to overburden =

=1.4x(13.5+1.25x24)x2.25

137.03 kN/m

On The Leeward Side

On the Windward Side

Page 25of 54

XYZ
ABC
23/05/2016
A1

For Type-3

, 50% weight of over burden soil and weight of vessel considered

Page 26of 54

XYZ
ABC
23/05/2016
A1

Page 27of 54

XYZ
ABC
23/05/2016
A1

kN/m2

Modified Pressure if e/B >0.132


P1(flat)
101.13 kN/m2

kN/m2

P2(flat)

46.45 kN/m2

Page 28of 54

XYZ
ABC
23/05/2016
A1

Gross
pressure
kN/m2

Allowable
Pressure
kN/m2

103.12
88.53
126.28
110.17
150.22
108.29
20.04

191.10
191.10
191.10
191.10
191.10
191.10
166.10

Gross
pressure
kN/m2

Gross
Overburden
kN/m2

Net Pressure
kN/m2

137.01
109.60
116.59

57.2
57.2
57.2

79.84
52.42
59.42

87.15
146.88
116.64
175.99
172.09

57.2
57.2
57.2
57.2
57.2

29.98
89.71
59.47
118.82
114.92

123.72

57.2

66.55

Footing Area in Separation


Tension
%

NO.
NO.
NO.
NO.
NO.
NO.
NO.

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

Remarks

O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.
O.K.

Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe
Safe

Page 29of 54

XYZ
ABC
23/05/2016
A1

123.64

57.2

66.47

105.97

57.2

48.79

Max Net
Pressure

118.82

kN/m2

7
-16.21

kN/m2

Relevant Load Case


Min. Net Pressure
Maxm Load Factor

1.4

Page 30of 54

Project:
Client:
Project No:
Title:

XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX

4.0 RCC Design of the base slab and the pedestal


1

4.1 Design of foundation - Type of Foundation - 1


Design Moment (Bot. Reinf.)
Design Moment (Top Reinf.)
Effective depth of foundation=

300.76 kN-m/m
132.89 kN-m/m
1.170 m

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT
K
Lever arm

= (300.757 *10^6)/(1000*(1.17*1000)^2*20)
= (1.17*1000)*(0.5+SQRT(0.25-(0.01099/0.9 )))

0.95d
Design lever arm
Neutral axis depth

= 0.95*1.17*1000

Ast required per Design Moment

= (300.76*10^6)/(0.95*420*1111.5)

Minimum Percentage of steel

0.13% as per Table 3.25 of BS 8110-1

0.0110 < 0.156


1155.53 mm
1111.50 mm
1111.50 mm
130.00 mm

= (1.17*1000-1111.5)/0.45

678 mm2
1170 mm2

Area of steel required =

1170 mm2

Spacing required =

(Clause 3.4.4.4 of BS

This is minm. % of steel @ max(0.13%, Project Req.)

268.5 mm
Provide

20

Area of steel provided =

150

dia bar @

2094 mm2

mm c/c

at bottom, orthogonally

> 1170 O.K.

TOP REINFORCEMENT

K
Lever arm
0.95d
Design lever arm
Neutral axis depth

= (132.890625 *10^6)/(1000*(1.17*1000)^2*20)
= (1.17*1000)*(0.5+SQRT(0.25-(0.00485/0.9 )))
= 0.95*1.17*1000

Ast required per Design Moment

= (132.89*10^6)/(0.95*420*1111.5)

Minimum Percentage of steel


Area of steel required =

= (1.17*1000-1111.5)/0.45

0.0049 < 0.156


1163.66
1111.50
1111.50 mm
130.00

300 mm2

0.13% as per Table 3.25 of BS 8110-1

(Clause 3.4.4.4 of BS

1170 mm2
1170 mm2

This is minm. % of steel @ max(0.13%, Project Req.)

Page 31 of 54

Project:
Client:
Project No:
Title:

XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX

Spacing required =

268.5 mm
Provide

20

200

dia bar @

Area of steel provided =

1571 mm2

mm c/c

at top, orthogonally

> 1170 O.K.

CHECK FOR SHEAR :ONE WAY SHEAR CHECK


Case 1: At face of equivalent square (Clause 3.5.5.2 of BS 8110-1)
(a) Leeward Side
Max Factored shear at face of equivalent square
Shear stress(Tv)
= (267*1000)/(1000*1.17*1000) =
Tc Max (0.8fcu or 5 N/mm^2 which ever is less) =

267 kN/m
0.228 N/mm2
3.578 N/mm2

(b) Windward Side


Max Factored shear due to overburden & self weight at face of equivalent square
Shear stress(Tv)
= (137*1000)/(1000*1.17*1000) =
Permissible Shear Stress from table 3.8 of BS 8110-1
[MIN[(100As/bd) ,3]]^(1/3)
MAX[(400/d)^0.25 ,0.67]
(min(fcu,40)/25)^1/3
Tc ( From Table 3.8 of BS 8110-1)

Foundation Safe in one-way shear

137.03 kN/m
0.117 N/mm2
0.512
0.765
0.928
0.23 N/mm2

Foundation Safe in one-way shear

Case 2: At a distance d from face of the equiv.square - Leeward Side ( Clause 3.4.5.10 of BS 8110-1)
Maxm.factored shear at distance d from face of equiv. square
Shear stress(Tv)
= (128*1000)/(1000*1.17*1000) =
Permissible Shear Stress from table 3.8 of BS 8110-1
[MIN[(100As/bd) ,3]]^(1/3)
MAX[(400/d)^0.25 ,0.67]
(min(fcu,40)/25)^1/3
Tc ( From Table 3.8 of BS 8110-1)

128 kN
0.110 N/mm2

0.564
0.765
0.928
0.253 N/mm2

Foundation Safe in one-way shear

PUNCHING SHEAR CHECK


Maximum weight of the vessel
Factored weight of the vessel

2080 KN
2912 KN

( Load Factor = 1.4 )

Case 1: At face of pedestal( Clause 3.7.7.2 of BS 8110-1)


Perimeter1 (Foundation Type-1)

13.25 m

Page 32 of 54

Project:
Client:
Project No:
Title:

XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX

0.00 m
Perimeter2 (Foundation Type-2)
0.00 m
Perimeter3 (Foundation Type-3)
13.25 m
Perimeter
= (2911.608*1000)/(13.25*1000*1.17*1000)=
Shear stress(Tv)
Tc Max (0.8fcu or 5 N/mm^2 which ever is less) =
Case 2: At 1.5d from face of the pedestal (Clause 3.7.7.6 of BS 8110-1)
Perimeter1 (Foundation Type-1)
3.11 m
Perimeter2 (Foundation Type-2)
0.00 m
Perimeter3 (Foundation Type-3)
0.00 m
perimeter
3.11 m
Punching shear force
=(2911.61/59.85) x (59.85-46.72)=
Shear stress(Tv)
=(638.83x1000)/(3.111x1000x1.17x1000)=
Tc ( From Table 3.8 of BS 8110-1)

0.188 N/mm2
3.578 N/mm2

Foundation Safe in punching shear

Area1 (within perimeter)


Area2 (within perimeter)
Area3 (Within perimeter)
Area

46.72 m2
0.00 m2
0.00 m2
46.72 m2
639 kN
0.176 N/mm2
0.253 N/mm2

Foundation Safe in punching shear

4.2 Design of pedestal


Area of pedestal =
Length of side of equivalent square =
Factored pedestal weight =
(1) Check for Compression in concrete

=0.8284 x 4^2 =

Maxm. Factored Vessel Weight =


Factored axial load at the base of the
pedestal =
Dia of Vertical Bars Provided =
Cross Sectional Area of the concrete
pedestal =

= 1.4 x 2079.72 =

2912 kN

= 468 + 2912 =

3379 kN
25 mm (Refer Input Sheet)

= 0.8284 x 4^2 =
(0.4/100) * 13.25 * (10^6) =
53018 / (PI()*(25^2)/4) =

13.25 m2
53018 mm2
109 Nos
3.52 m
20 Nos
25 mm

Minimum Area of steel required =

No. of bars required =


Length of the face of the pedestal =
No. bars to be provided on each face =
Maximum Aggregate Size =

= 1.4 x 24 x 13.25 x ( 2.3 - 1.25 ) =

Hence minimum permissible clear spacing


25 + 5 =
between bars =
Clear Spacing between bars =
Hence total number of bars =
Area of Steel provided =
Ultimate capacity of the pedestal in axial
compression =
(2) Check for Tension in Rebar
Diameter of equiv. circle of rebar =
Height of the pedestal =

13.25 m2
3.64 m

467.62 kN

30 mm

3.52*1000/(20-1)-25 =
=8 x 20- 8 =
152*(PI()/4)*(25^2) =

152 Nos
74613 mm2

(0.45*20*(13.3*10^6-74613)+0.95*420*74613)/1000 =

148389 kN

=4 x 1000 - 2 x 50- 2 x 8 - 25
= 2.3 - 1.25 =

160 mm

OK

Provided Reinforcement is more than Minimu

> 3379 kN

OK

3859 mm
1.05 m

Page 33 of 54

Project:
Client:
Project No:
Title:

XXXX
XXXX
XXXX
XXXX

At the Top of the pedestal


Factored
Factored Axial Load
Moment
Load Combination
1.4 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1.4 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL
1 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL
1.4DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1.4DL(Operating)+1.4SL
1DL(Operating)+1.4SL
1.4DL(Hydro/Upset)) +0WL
1.2DL(Hydro/Upset)) +1.2(50%)WL

kN
2321.05
1657.89
2744.00
1960.00
2911.61
2079.72
2911.61

kN-m
2230.20
2230.20
698.60
698.60
2230.20
2230.20
3502.80

2079.72
3982.86
3413.88

5191.20
0.00
955.80

1DL(Hydro/Upset)) +1.2(50%)WL
2844.90
955.80
Provide 25 Dia Longitudinal Bars - 152 Nos, 20 Nos on each face
Spacing for the Tie Reinf. =
Provide Pedestal Tie Reinforcement : 8 Dia @ 200 mm C/C
Provide a Reinforcement grid of 12 mm @ 300 C/C each way or equivalent mesh at the top of the Pedestal

At the base of Pedestal


Factored Axial Factored
Load
Moment

Factored Shear
kN

Factored Tensile
Factored
Max. Tensile
Force in Rebar- Tensile Force in Stress in
Top
Rebar-Top
Rebar

148.40
148.40
65.80
65.80
148.40
148.40
387.80

kN
2788.66
1991.90
3211.62
2427.62
3379.22
2413.73
3379.22

kN-m
2386.02
2386.02
767.69
767.69
2386.02
2386.02
3909.99

kN
3.41
3.41
0.00
0.00
3.41
3.41
12.09

kN
4.48
4.48
0.00
0.00
4.48
4.48
14.87

N/mm2
9.12
9.12
0.00
0.00
9.12
9.12
30.29

387.80
0.00
63.60

2413.73
4450.48
3814.69

5598.39
0.00
1022.58

23.61
0.00
0.00

26.38
0.00
0.00

53.75
0.00
0.00

63.60

3178.91

1022.58

0.00

0.00

0.00

200 mm

< 12*25 mm, Hence OK

Page 34 of 54

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

XYZ
ABC
5/23/2016
A1

lause 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110-1)

lause 3.4.4.4 of BS 8110-1)

Page 35 of 54

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

XYZ
ABC
5/23/2016
A1

1.5d

Page 36 of 54

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

XYZ
ABC
5/23/2016
A1

more than Minimum, OK

Page 37 of 54

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

XYZ
ABC
5/23/2016
A1

Permissibl
e Tensile
Stress in
Rebar
N/mm2
400.00
400.00
400.00
400.00
400.00
400.00
400.00

Remark
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

400.00
400.00
400.00

OK
OK
OK

0
0
0

400.00

OK

Page 38 of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

5.0 Summary of results


Sl No
1

Item
Act. F.O.S

Min. F.O.S

1.1

Overturning
Erection

30.80

1.50

1.2

Empty

6.99

1.50

1.3

Operating

4.43

1.50

1.4

Test

24.43

1.50

1.5

Sliding
Erection

33.73

1.50

1.6
1.7
1.8

Empty
Operation
Test

31.42
7.98
35.93

1.50
1.50
1.10

Bearing Capacity

Gross

Stability Check

Allow

gross

pressure
2.1

Gross Bearing Capacity

(kN/m2)
150.22

2.2

(With wind/seismic load)


Gross Bearing Capacity

20.04

3.1
3.2
3.3

3.4

(Without wind/seismic load)


Shear Check

ONE WAY SHEAR


Leeward Shear stress(At
face)
Leeward Shear stress(At
distance 'd')
Windward Shear stress (At
face)
PUNCHING SHEAR
Shear stress(At face)

press (kN/m2)
186.00

161.00

Allow shear
stress (N/mm2)

0.23

3.58

0.11

0.25

0.00

0.28

0.19

3.58

Page 39 of 54

3.5
4.0

Shear stress(At distance


'1.5d')
Reinforcement Design

0.18

0.25

Steel required

Steel
Provided
(mm2)
2094
1571
60319

4.1
4.2

Steel at bottom of fdn


Steel at top of fdn

(mm2)
1170
1170

4.3

Steel in pedestal

59852

Page 40 of 54

Page 41 of 54

Page 42 of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date: 5/23/2016
Revision: A1

Remarks

Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe

Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe

Foundation Safe

Foundation Safe

Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe
Foundation Safe

Foundation Safe

Page 43 of 54

Foundation Safe

Ok.
Ok.
Ok.

Page 44 of 54

Page 45 of 54

Page 46 of 54

Project: XXXX
Client: XXXX
Project No: XXXX
Title: XXXX

Prepared By:
Checked By:
Date:
Revision:

Annexure I: Check for Anchor Bolt Forces


Area of pedestal =
Length of side of equivalent square =
Dia of Anchor Bolts Provided =
Cross Sectional Area of the concrete
pedestal =
Length of the face of the pedestal =
No. Anchor Bolts provided on each face =
Hence total number of bars =
Area of Steel provided =

=0.8284 x 4^2 =

13.25 m2
3.64 m
25 mm

= 0.8284 x 4^2 =

13.25 m2
3.52 m
20 Nos

Diameter of equiv. circle of rebar =

=4 x 1000 - 2 x 50- 2 x 8 - 25

3859 mm

Height of the pedestal =

= 2.3 - 1.25 =

1.05 m

=8 x 20- 8 =
152*(PI()/4)*(25^2) =

152 Nos
74613 mm2

Capacities of Anchor Bolt as per Standard Drawing/ Calculations


Allowable Axial Tension Capacity

Fu=

25 kN

Allowable Shear Capacity

Su=

25 kN

Critical Ratio

1
At the Top of the
pedestal
Factored Moment Factored Shear

Load Combination
1.4 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1 DL(Empty) + 1.4 WL
1.4 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL
1 DL(Erection) + 1.4 WL
1.4DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1DL(Oper)+1.4WL
1.4DL(Operating)+1.4SL
1DL(Operating)+1.4SL
1.4DL(Hydro/Upset)) +0WL
1.2DL(Hydro/Upset)) +1.2(50%)WL
1DL(Hydro/Upset)) +1.2(50%)WL

kN-m
2230.20
2230.20
698.60
698.60
2230.20
2230.20
3502.80
5191.20
0.00
955.80
955.80

kN

Factored Shear
Factored Tensile Force on Force on Anchor
Anchor Bolt Tu
Bolt Vu

Tu/Fu

Vu/Su

148.40
148.40
65.80
65.80
148.40
148.40
387.80
387.80
0.00
63.60

kN
5.39
5.39
0.00
0.00
2.89
2.89
11.57
23.09
0.00
0.00

kN
0.98
0.98
0.43
0.43
0.98
0.98
2.55
2.55
0.00
0.42

0.22
0.22
0.00
0.00
0.12
0.12
0.46
0.92
0.00
0.00

0.04
0.04
0.02
0.02
0.04
0.04
0.10
0.10
0.00
0.02

63.60

0.00

0.42

0.00

0.02

Interaction Ratio
Tu/Fu+Vu/Su

Remark

0.25
0.25
0.02
0.02
0.15
0.15
0.56

1.03
0.00
0.02
0.02

Page 47 of 54

Page 48 of 54

Page 49 of 54

Page 50 of 54

Prepared By: XYZ


Checked By: ABC
Date:
5/23/2016
Revision: A1

Page 51 of 54

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Page 54 of 54