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IPASJ International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IIJME)

Web Site: http://www.ipasj.org/IIJME/IIJME.htm


Email: editoriijme@ipasj.org
ISSN 2321-6441

A Publisher for Research Motivation........

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

INTRODUCTION TO MULTISTAGE CAR


PARKING SYSTEM
1

Akash Waghmare, 2Trupti Nirwan, 3Gaurav Rahate, 4Adarsh Shahu, 5Kartik Bhujade, 6Ashraf Ali
Saiyyed.
1,2,3,4,5

UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.

Assistant Prof. Anjikar lecturer, Mechanical Engg Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.

ABSTRACT
In metropolitan cities vehicle parking has become a major concern in all busy areas and a good traffic system needs a good
parking system. Different types of vehicles parking are applied worldwide namely multi-level automated car parking
,automated car parking system, wolkswagon car parking , vertical car parking etc. Parallel parking is challenge for all drivers
sayamateurs or the experts an multistage car parking system is a solution to this ordeal. This paper explains in detail a simple
and precise multistage car-parking introduction, advantages, characteristics, etc. This paper give the information to develop a
reduce working model of a car parking system for parking 6 to 24 cars within a parking area of 32.17 m 2 . The chain and
sprocket mechanism is used for driving and parking platform and a one fourth HP brake motor shall be implemented of
powering the system and indexing the platform. The platform is fabricated to suit.

1. INTRODUCTION
Car parking has been, and still is, a growing problem with increasing vehicle sizes in the luxury segment. This is
especially true when bearing in mind the confined parking spaces in parking lots and cities. A multi-level car parking
is essentially a building with number of floors or layers for the cars to be parked. The different levels are accessed
through interior or exterior ramps. An automated car parking has mechanized lifts which transport the car to the
different levels at a certain position. These car parks need less building volume and less ground space and thus save on
the cost of the building. Car parking is an issue of significance both at the local and at the strategic level of planning.
In order for parking policy decisions to be well founded, the analysis of parking behavior and the effects of parking
policies should be fully integrated with the other elements of the transport planning and modeling process.
1.1 History of multistage car parking system
The earliest known multistage car parking system was built in 1918. It was built for the Hotel La Salle in Chicago.
IL at 215 West Washington Street in the West Loop area of downtown. It was designed by Holabird and Roche. The
Hotel La Salle was demolished in 1976,but the parking structure remained because it had been designated as
preliminary landmark status and the structure was located several blocks from the hotel it was built to service. The
Hotel LaSalle multi-level was demolished in 2005 after failing to receive landmark status from the city of Chicago.
Jupiter Realty Corp. of Chicago is constructing a 49-level apartment tower in its place with construction underway as of
March 2008. During the 1920s and 1930s a series of other patents were granted but it was not until the late 1940s
that the Bowser, Pigeon Hole and Roto Park systems became operational and installed in numerous locations. Some of
these early systems were vertical elevator lift modules that placed cars on upper levels of a structure to be moved by
attendant and others mechanical devices that could move vehicles into slots in a framework built around a central
corridor. Capacities ranged typically from less than 100 spaces to more than 600. Automated car parks rely on similar
technology that is used for mechanical handling and document retrieval. The driver leaves the car in an entrance
module. It is then transported to a parking slot by a robot trolley. For the driver, the process of parking is reduced to
leaving the car inside an entrance module. At peak periods a wait may be involved before entering or leaving. The wait
is due to the fact that loading passengers and luggage occurs at the entrance and
exit location rather than at the parked stall. This loading blocks the entrance or exit from being available to others.
Whether the retrieval of vehicles is faster in an automatic car park or a self park car park depends on the layout and
number.

2. BENEFITS OF AUTOMATED PARKING SYSTEM


Safety and security
Save time, money and fuel

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

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IPASJ International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IIJME)


A Publisher for Research Motivation........

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

Web Site: http://www.ipasj.org/IIJME/IIJME.htm


Email: editoriijme@ipasj.org
ISSN 2321-6441

Environment-friendly
Systematic

3. UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
The space for parking 3 cars can hold more than 9 cars.
It adopts rotating for mechanism so as to minimize the vibration and noise.
Flexible operation.
No caretaker is needed, key pressing operation.
High safety, complete inspecting device
Stable and reliable
It is simple to operate with the driver parking and leaving the vehicle in the system at the ground level. Once the driver
leaves the incorporated safety zone the vehicle is automatically parked by the system rotating to lift the parked car away
from the bottom central position. This leaves an empty parking space available at the ground level for the next car to be
parked on. The parked car is easily retrieved by pushing the button for the relevant position number the car is parked
on.
This causes the required car to rotate down to ground level ready for the driver to enter the safety zone and reverse the
car out of the system. Except vertical car parking system all other systems use a large ground area, vertical car parking
system is developed to utilize maximum vertical area in the available minimum ground area. It is quite successful when
installed in busy areas which are well established and are suffering with shortage of area for parking. Although the
construction of this system seems to be easy, it will be par from understanding without the knowledge of materials,
chains, sprockets, bearings, and machining operations, kinematic and dynamic mechanisms. Imagine the time that
automatic multistage parking systems would save you. Every time you enter your office building you have to find a
parking space and spend time walking in and out of the lot as well. Imagine how much time it is costing you. Even if
you just spend 5 minutes a day to park that translates to you spending more than a whole day just parking every year. If
you calculate the time you spend walking in and out of the parking lot, searching for space and such it will be easily
more than the above amount. A fully automated system mimics a futuristic assembly line structure where the cars are
moved to an empty platform. The platform under the car moves to a designated spot and all the other platforms are
arranged so that no cars are stuck.

4. MECHANICAL COMPONENTS
1. Bearings
2. Hollow pin chain
3. Sprock

5. COMPARISON BETWEEN TRADITIONAL CAR PARKING AND MULTISTAGE CAR PARKING SYSTEM
Traditional car parking system

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

Multistage car parking system

Page 17

IPASJ International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IIJME)


A Publisher for Research Motivation........

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

Web Site: http://www.ipasj.org/IIJME/IIJME.htm


Email: editoriijme@ipasj.org
ISSN 2321-6441

6. Advantages

Quick Automated Parking and retrieval of vehicles.


Up to 12 cars or 10 SUV's can be easily and safely parked.
Surface space required equivalent to just 2 surface car parking spaces.
Most suitable for Staff or dedicated user parking.
Engineered to ensure Driver safety by use of an electronic Safety zone.
Low maintenance levels required by the system.

7. CONCLUSIONS
Vertical Car Parking model has been designed; all the parts in it were manufactured and assembled and tested
successfully.
Analysis of the model has been done and developed with the scaling of 1:9 for life size model Such as SUVs like
Fortuner.
As the life cycle model involves proper design and advanced methods are to be used to meet the requirements of
the customer.
Quick Automated Parking and retrieval of vehicles.
Up to 12 cars can be easily and safely parked.
Surface space required equivalent to just 2 surface car parking spaces.
Most suitable for Staff or dedicated user parking.
Engineered to ensure Driver safety by use of an electronic Safety zone.
Low maintenance levels required by the system.

REFERENCES
[1]. S.Sarayu, Sri. Sree Rajendra, V.V.Bongale, Design and Fabrication of Prototype of Automated Smart Car Parking
System using Programmable Logical Controllers (PLC), International Journal of Scientific Engineering and
Technology
[2]. Chandni Patel, Monalisa Swami, Priya Saxena , Sejal Shah, Rotary Automated Car Parking System, International
Journal of Engineering Science and Innovative Technology (IJESIT) Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2015.
[3]. Jermsurawong J., Ahsan, M., et al. (2012) Car Parking Vacancy Detection and Its Application in 24-Hour
Statistical Analysis. 10th International Conference on Frontiers of Information Technology, Islamabad, 17-19
December 2012, 84-90.
[4]. P. Vijay Kumar and Siddarth T.S, Asst. Prof. (Sr.G) ECE Department, SRM University, Chennai, India, (2008) A
Prototype Parking System using Wireless Sensor Networks International Journal of Power Control Signal and
Computation (IJPCSC) Vol. 1 No. 4 ISSN : 0976-268X (pp 1-10).

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

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IPASJ International Journal of Mechanical Engineering (IIJME)


A Publisher for Research Motivation........

Volume 4, Issue 4, April 2016

Web Site: http://www.ipasj.org/IIJME/IIJME.htm


Email: editoriijme@ipasj.org
ISSN 2321-6441

[5]. Jae KyuSuhr Ho Gi Jung Kwang hyuk Bae Jaihie Kim (2010) Automatic free parking space detection by using
motion stereo-based 3D reconstruction,: Machine Vision and Applications 21: 163176DOI10.1007/s00138-0080156-9.
[6]. Pijush Kanti Babu,Kousik MandalJatindra Bimal Mukherjee, (2006) Coin Operated Automatic Car Parking
System, A note on car parking. (pp 1, 2, 6).
[7]. Muhamad Ali Maizidi, Microcontroller & Embedded system. Edition 2nd, 2010.
[8]. [BOO+06] J. P. Benson, T. O'Donovan, P. O'Sullivan, U. Roedig, and C. Sreenan. Car-park management using
wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of 31st IEEE Conf. Local Computer Networks, pages 588-595, Tampa,
2006.
[9]. R. Charette, Smart Parking Systems Make It Easier to Find a Parking Space, http://spectrum.ieee.org/greentech/advanced-cars/smart-parkingsystems-make-it-easier-to-find-a-parking-space/0, 2007.
[10]. Manish Bhuptani, Shahram Moradpour, "RFID Field Guide Deploying Radio Frequency Identification System"
by Sun Micro system Press, A Prentice Hall Title, Myrna Rivera, USA, Feb 2005.
[11]. Rajeet Chatterjee, Philip Wolfe, "Evaluation of using RFID Passive Tags for monitoring product
location/ownership", Jan 22 .
[12]. C.B. Gray, Electrical Machines and Drive System" Synchronous machines pp 264-295, 1989.
[13]. M Childs, "Parking Spaces; A Design, Implementation and Use Manual for Architects Planners and Engineers"
McGraw-Hill, 2009.
[14]. D Y Park, "Vertical Rotary Parking" http://www. freepatentsonline.com/y2004/0156699.html (accessed on 11
November, 2010).

Theses:
Smart Car Parking GOKARAJU RANGARAJU INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
(Approved by AICTE, New Delhi and Affiliated to JNTU, Hyderabad) Bachupally, Hyderabad
Books:
[12]Theory of Machines by S.S.Rattan
[13]Production Technology by R.K.Jain
Links:
http://www.gizmology.net/sprockets.htm
http://aboutstrangesorld.blogspot.com/2010/07/10 automated car parking systems.html
http://www.parkingsystemsolutions.com/rotary/
http://www.chain manufacturer.com/stainless steel conveyor chain.html
http://chain guide.com/applications/214 hollow pin chain.html
http://www.tksmy.com/activities_parking_system.htm
Authors
1. Akash Waghmare, Mechanical Engg. UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.
2. Trupti Nirwan, Mechanical Engg. UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.
3. Gaurav Rahate, Mechanical Engg. UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.
4. Adarsh Shahu, Mechanical Engg. UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.
5. Kartik Bhujade, Mechanical Engg. UG. Student Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.
6. Assistant Prof. Anjikar lecturer, Mechanical Engg Priyadarshini Bhagwati College Of Engg, Nagpur.

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