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¥ Oi ~ Vocabulary

~/11 'ii when, about what time 01 ~ 711 like this, in this way

li!_ 18- usually

<>l t1 what place, where ~~ early

"6"J-AJ- always

~ mg Pronunciation <ll<>lJt

Y-~<>lJt

~.Jl!.

~<>lJt

cU-~ -3"1 [<li-~ 01]

~~:~'y4

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¥:: : °a uJ 0 1 ~ <>11 <ll <>1 iL?

0-1u1~ : ~<>11 ~o-1iL. 1-}~<>1iL. <>1~711 "8"}1-} ...

¥:: : q}A~l ~ 1-}~<>1 iL?

0-1 u1 ~ : <TI- A 17J AJ 011 1-}~<>1 it.

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¥:: : <>1 t1 ~<>1 Jl. ?

~ u1 ~ : ~ Jl?.<>11 ~<>1 Jl..

¥:: : ~ Jl?.011 0 1 ~71l OJ ~ 7} iL?

~ u1 ~ : 1.--11, q} fill 1-} OJ ~ 7} iL.

¥:: : .:I. ~ ~ iL . zi. ~ q}~"8"1 7-l1 A~l iL.

<>1 u1 ~ : AJ- 7} iL.

* * * * * * * * * * *

¥:: : 9 )!A~l .a, °a uJ 0 11.--11 ~ 01 A1 iL?

<>1u1~ : o}, ¥::olriL. °auJo17} o}~ OJ ~~t:~1.

¥:: : °a uJ 01 <>1 ul yA11 iL? 0J\3 "8"}A11 iL?

°auJo1~ q}fill 9fiL?

<>1u1~ :)!~..2..~ 1.--11 A1~<>1l 9fiL.

¥:: : ..2.. ~~ q} fill 9f .a ?

<>1 u1 ~ : ..2.. ~ ~ ..2..+ 01 A;! A 1 ~ <>11 9f iL.

¥:: : °a uJ 01 ~ <3-J-AJ- ~ :ill. <>11 7J~ lJ}?

<>1 u1 ~ : 1.--11, °a uJ 01 ~ <3-J-AJ- ~ Jil<>11 7}A1 ~Jf- ~ "5~ iL.

¥:: : ~~l~~q. A1 l.--=l <>11 q~l AJ§}"8"}~l~~q.

01 u1 ~ : 1.--11, .:I. ~ 711 "8"}A~l iL.

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Grammar

1. Al t4 means 'evening'. Depending on the context, it also means 'supper'. In. the same manner, o}~ means 'morning' or 'breakfast', while ~ means' daytime', l:lJ 'night'.

o}~ ~l JT-~ ~ "8"}-jj ~..fL? What did you do in the morning? ~~l JT-~ ~"8"}-jj<>1..fL? What did you do during the day?

All--=! ~l JT-~ ~ "8"}A~l..fL? l:lJ~l ~ Al~l -=rJT-A~l..fL?

What do you do in the evening?

At what time do you go to bed at night?

2. _2_~ is used both as a conversational term of 'morning' and as a technical term corresponding to English 'a.m.' The opposite word is _2_~, which is also used both as a conversational term for 'afternoon' and as a technical term corresponding to English 'p.m.'

tomorrow

today yesterday

the day before yesterday

the day after tomorrow ~A~l two days after tomorrow .=LA17fll

3. ~, depending on the context, can mean (1) 'spare time or time to spare, (2) 'a gap' or 'crack', (3) 'chance', (4) 'an unguarded moment', etc.

T ~~lAi l:i}1?Jol ~<>1_2}..fL.

The wind is coming through a chink in the door.

Al ~ ~ o 1 ~ ~..fL. I have no leisure.Ior : I am pressed for time.)

4. The particle -~P'l means 'at', in or 'from'

~ ..Ji!_ ~l Al :g--¥- iiR .a. Al %~l Al ~J-(')}..fL. Al %~l Al ~~..fL.

I study at school. I live in Seoul.

I come from Seoul.

5. But the particles -~l(q) 'to' and -~lAi 'from' are used with nouns refering to inanimate things. The particle -~l(q) 'to' indicates an inanimate indirect object and the particle -~l Ai 'from' indicates an inanimate source or origin.

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<>it:i o:Jl(4) 3{!A1 ~ ~Y7J}? To whomtwhere) are you writing'?

~ o:Jl(4) 3{!A1 ~ ~Y4. I'm writing home.

01 ~ll ~ °1~~0}o:J1 ..!i!..~Y4. I am sending this book to Italy.

Please come to school quickly.

6. Noun + s. : 'by means of' -s.

71 ~}s. 7JA14.

1:)1 "8"~ 71s. 7}A~1 ii.? oj~.£. ~A14.

Let's go by train.

Do you go by airplane? Let's write with a pencil.

7. The particle -o:J1 : 'per' or 'for'

01 ~ll~ 'li~o:J1 ~J ~01o:J1ii.. This book is 1,000 won per volume.

121 ?1~ fE-7\~1 Exercises

I . ..!i!..71.54 7JO 1 4 ~ ~ ~ ~ .sH-Ac3 "5}A~l iL .

..!i!..71 : (<>i -c:J) 7 }A~l ii.? ~ o:J1 7} ii..

1) ( ) n<>i iL?

o }~ o:Jl n<>i .a.

2) ( ) <V_9j<>iii.?

~ o:Jl <V_ 9j <>i .a.

3) ( ) %<>iii.?

l:lJ-i?" %<>i ii..

4) ( ) ..!i!..A~l ii.?

A1 ~~ *Y4.

2) qiy ~ ~AH ) <?t~4.

3) o}~ ( ) OJ ~ OJ ~ 'Jf4.

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Sodang and Ch' aekkori

In the old days, little children who are three or four years old went to Seodang (village school). Seodang had a schoolmaster who taught those children who came to the school.

. Sodang used a regular curriculum. Younger children were first taught 'ch'onjamun'(tsv: thousand Chinese character text) .. Through this book the children learned how to recognize Chinese characters. After mastering this book, children were taught 'sasosamkyong', Through reading these books, children were taught not only Chinese characters but manners and morals.

Students were expected to memorize the book being taught. After students listened to their schoolmaster's teaching, they read the book aloud. They had to sit in knelt position and had to speak in rhythmic unison. Sometimes they swayed their bodies back and forth to the spoken rhythm.

A lot of effort went into finishing one book. Therefore, the schoolmaster and students felt a sense of accomplishment and gladness when a book was done. At these times, the students' families would prepare 'ttok'(tu» cake) and other foods to take to the school for the schoolmaster and school children. This was what they called 'ch' aekkori' or 'ch' aekssisi' . Through this, the hard working of schoolmaster was congratulated and thanked. The children were also encouraged to study harder.

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~l@- <>l T(! og~~ Ai~~ lj!-i91f-E-l o}%oll ~~ Aircfol1 7tAi 1J-1f-~ ~q.

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A-JL-J~ three or four years old ¥~El school master

2t~ children who come to the school ~~f! regular·

-¥ only

OjI.2l~~ manner

~2j teaching

8~"5~}j1 e,to~ in knelt position .I.~ effort

[f:jlc~ to be done c-J~ C-j harder

~ 2~ "5~C~ to encourage

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