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Eukaryotic Cell Structures

& Functions

An Organelle Is:
A minute
structure within
a plant or
animal cell that
has a particular
job or function.

What are some functions


that occur within a cell?
Digestion

Excretion

Transportation of cells products


Storage

Protection

Division

Mobility

Respiration or Photosynthesis

Organelles found only in Plants:


Cell Walls
Cellulose
Chloroplasts

Plant Cell
Cellulose =
carbohydrate found in
cell walls
Cell Wall= forms rigid
outer structure, made of
cellulose (fiber)

Cell wall

Chloroplast

Large vacuole

PLANT CELL

Found in both
Plant and Animal Cells
Organelles that surround cells for support:
Cell Membrane= Semi-permeable,
controls what enters and leaves the
cell, outer containment envelope.
Cytoskeleton =
gives structure to a cell (#14)

Nucleus

Cell
Membrane
ANIMAL

PLANT

Control center for


plant and animal cells:
This organelle
controls cell
activities and
reproduction

Nucleus
Nucleolus=
little nucleus

Animal Cell

Control center for


plant and animal cells:
Nucleus = control center for activities
& reproduction, DNA & chromosomes
housed here.
Nucleolus = contains and makes RNA

Control center for


plant and animal cells:
Chromosome =
coiled DNA:
contains instructions for characteristics of an
organism.
Chromatin = protein composing chromosomes

Red Blood Cells have no:


nucleus

Control center for


plant and animal cells:
Nuclear membrane =
protects and controls
what goes in and out
of the nucleus
(notice the nuclear pores
in this picture of a nucleus)

Ribosomes= Site of Protein


Synthesis on the E.R.
Endoplasmic Reticulum

ROUND
Ribosomes
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Cytoplasm:or cytosol, = gel


surrounds the organelles,
contains enzymes

ER = Endoplasmic Reticulum:
specializes in the production & transport
of lipids and membrane proteins
Rough ER has ribosomes

Smooth ER lacks ribosomes

Ribosomes:
Where
proteins are
manufactured.

Endoplasmic Reticulum
Rough

with Ribosomes
for protein synthesis

Smooth =
Membrane highway
For transport of materials

Golgi Bodies
(aka Golgi
Apparatus):
where cell
products are
modified and
packaged in
vesicles for
export from the
cell.

Sacks for making


& storing Secretions

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Vacuole =

storage for food and water


Why are plant vacuoles larger than animal vacuoles?

Plant Vacuole

Some Animal cell vacuoles pump water


out by contracting:

Do you see 2 Contractile vacuoles


in this Paramecium?

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Lysosome:
Contains digestive enzymes
Breaks down large molecules

Chloroplast= absorbs light,


changes light energy into chemical
energy for photosynthesis =
GREEN Sacks

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The power house of the cell:


Mitochondria = site where
energy is released from
glucose in the form of:

ATP

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