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SUDARSANA CHAKRA AND SUDARSANA YAJNA AND HOMAS

Sudarsana Chakra and Sudarsana Yajna and Homas
(Compilation for a discourse by N.R. Srinivasan)

Lord Vishnu is said to use both the "Panchajanya" (Conch) and the Sudarsana
(chakra) to protect his devotees from danger, evil and death. According to
mythology Lord Vishnu has used the Sudarsana Chakra often to protect his
devotees from evil, dispel earthly fears and destroy wicked people with his
chakra thereby they too have attained moksha.
In Gajendra Moksha (The liberation of the elephant from the Crocodile's
mouth) the elephant was released from its curse, while Vishnu hurled his
chakra at the crocodile and killed it, thereby the crocodile attained moksha;
Krishna backed up Arjuna by creating a temporary illusion of sunset during
Jayadratha's killing; The killing of Sisupala and his release from his curse,
these are some of the stories that glorifies Sudarsana.
Sudarsana's disk has also broken the arrogance of Surya (sun god), who
became dull and lacked luster. Surya pleaded with the Almighty who later
restored his brilliance. Sudarsana has also played a prominent role in the
avatars of Vishnu, being the horn of the Varaha, sharp nails of the lion faced
Narasimha, the powerful axe of Parasurama, the formidable arrow of Lord
Rama, and in his original form, a disc in the Krishna avatar, glorified in
Shodasaayudha Stotra of Vedanta Desika. In Parthasarathy temple in
Tiruvallikkeni in Chennai in India he is shown as the sword Nandaka in the
hands of Lord Parthsarathy. In Puri Jagannath he is shown as a rod
representing Sudarsana Narasimha while Narasimha in Puranas reveals he
stepped out of a pillar as burning flame of rage and as Man-Lion. Bharatha
was an incarnation of Sudharsana chakra in Tretaa Yuga. He was prince
regent (Yuvaraja) during Rama’s rule of Ayodhya. The Tamil Vaishnava Saint
Thirumazhisai Azhwar is also believed to be the incarnation of Sudarsana
Chakra.
There are many legends as to the origin of Sudarsana Chakra. Vishnu once
promised Siva 1008 lotuses. To test his devotion, Siva stole one of the
lotuses. When Vishnu discovered this loss, he offered Siva one of his lotusshaped eyes instead. For this act, Siva gave Vishnu a discus with jagged
edge called the Sudarsana-chakra which rotates round the Lord’s finger.
When flung it beheads his enemies before returning to his hand.
A popular legend in Puranas says that Sudarsana Chakra was made by the
architect of gods, Vishvakarma. Vishvakarma's daughter Sanjana was

A Chakra. There are fine metallic images of Sudarsana-Narasimha in the temple of Kanchipuram and Srirangam popularly called in Tamil Azhagiya-singar. The first one was the aerial vehicle Pushpaka Vimana. Vichakra. Sudarsana with a hexagon and circle as his background is as brilliant as fire and having four or eight or sixteen arms holding bow. The hexagon illustrates Vyuha ideology of six divine qualities of Bhagawan—dominion. He is shown as Vaishnavite symbol along with the conch (Shankha). you can destroy the evil and demons as well. They are then worshiped as Weapon-beings or Aayudha Purushas. the Sun God. Vishvakarma took the Sun and made him shine less so that his daughter would be able to hug the Sun. "Krishna.married to Surya. Because of its beauty. Sudarsana is shown as standing or moving about within a circle of flame in a hexagon (shatkon) superimposed on the circle. Due to the Sun's blazing light and heat. Agni said. The Chakra is described to have 10 million spikes in two rows moving in opposite directions to give it a serrated edge. the wisdom and ignorance. Padma Samhita says Narasimha who is to be located in the heart of Sudarsana is like mountain of crystal covered with . goad and other implements as also weapons. brilliance and radiance it came to be known as the Sudarsana Chakra (good to behold). moreover it will strike the enemy you desire and will return back to you". is called Bhagavaan]. the appearance and disappearance of beings. Vihagendra Samhita declares these two forms are really one. Sudarsana Narasimha is a composite icon of Sudarsana having on one side of the hexagon (shat-kona) within the flaming discus (Chakra) and that of Man -lion on the other side. Su-chakra. she was unable to go near the Sun. The six cornered figure which is enclosed within the flaming circle and which in turn encloses the male figure of Sudarsana represents also six chakra--Achakra. was presented to Lord Krishna after the wild fire destruction of the Kaandava forest by the fire God "Agni" to assist him in his task of destroying the evil and protecting the innocent. glory. arrow. trident. Aayudha Purushas can be male or female or neuter gender depending on the gender of the word in Sanskrit indicating it. For example Gadaa is female and Chakra is male. It is common to show the weapons of Lord Vishnu also in human form. Jwaalaa Chakra. wisdom and dispassion. and the third was the Sudarsana Chakra of Vishnu. the second being the Trisoola (Trident) of the god Siva. which was studded with diamonds in the center. “Utpattim pralayam chaiva bhootaanaamaagatim gatim | vetti vidyaam-avidyaam cha sa vaachyo bhgawann-iti ||” [ He who understands the creation and dissolution. Describing the qualities of the Chakra. The left over Sun "dust" was collected by Vishvakarma and made into three divine objects. with this. splendor. Trailokya-rakshaa Chakra and Asuraantaka Chakra. noose. Here Narasimha is seen in seated posture and Sudarsana in the standing or moving posture.

The small ornamental wheel that turns round behind the deity called Siras Chakra and Chakra Purusha. We see the iconic wheels are represented sculpturally in different ways. Dhyaani Buddha called Vairochana is distinguished by the Chakra emblem in white color. It has twelve spokes. The wheel of the radiance that surrounds Vishnu deity Prabhaachakra. The use of the Sudarsana Chakra is occasionally mentioned in the Hindu texts of Rigveda. They are also called as Bhagya Chakra or Rasi Chakra. and a design with six corners with an inclination to the right. Prabhaavali and Prabhaamandala usually taken in procession behind the deity during Brahmotsava or Annual worship of the Temple. We are all familiar with the Wheel of Dharma that Buddha set into motion used as a symbol in Indian National Flag which has replaced the wheel of Charaka (spinning wheel) of the Indian National Congress. The wheel of Sun transformed into a temple in Konark. Jain deities Vajraankusi and Chakresvaree carry Chakra in their hands. Lord Vishnu is invoked in the Saalagrama which is a special stone obtained only from the river Ghantaki.is said to possess the power to neutralize poisons and exorcise malignant spirits. Vishnu is invariably seen with a crown surmounted by a prominent discus. discus as Chakra Purusha and Gadaa (mace) as Gadaa Devi. Vedas mention of Brahma Chakra as described in my earlier discourse on the subject and Soorya (Sun) moving on a single wheel chariot with twelve spokes representing months as well as zodiac. purity of mind. In Vishnu’s hands it is seen either as flat facing the viewer called Samasthiti (stationary) Chakra or in the ready to be hurled form as seen in the index finger of Lord Krishna called Prayoga Chakra. Twenty four armed Padmavati carries Chakra in one of her hands. Chakra represents the cosmic mind. three concentric rings. Wheel is also weapon used in warfare described in Puranas. This stone is said to contain marks of the chakra (discus) which is symbolic of the Sudarsana Chakra held by Lord . and body.countless manes and roaring like the thunder of dissolution (pralaya). He is also distinguished by two weapons in his hands. the will of the Lord to multiply as well as His infinite power to create and destroy the Universe. Wheel is thus symbolic of life ever-renewing itself in cycle of time as producer and consumer of everything of the invariable law governing matter and energy in the nerve channels as Kaala Chakra and Nadee Chakra. Vishnu Chakra has a special name Su-darsana. wheel personified as human being. Yajurveda and Puranas. Narasimha is seated with crossed legs in yoga-posture in this assembly. order and preservation to eliminate the enemy of the Devas. as an ultimate weapon of law. Slokas should be recited only after learning the correct pronunciation and intonation. The Sudarsana mantra Om Sahsraara Phat. which means Beautiful to Behold. Slokas or hymns on Sudarshana are very powerful and should be chanted with sincerity. The place where the chanting is done s hould be clean.

calamities. Worship through this medium is considered to be powerful. praises Lord Vishnu as "Bhayakrit bhaya naasanaha": it says he is the creator of fear as well as the destroyer of fear. Chakra and Music: Here is an analogy of “Chakra” to classical music. The day before the commencement is the ritual of Mrit-sangrahanam or collecting the earth when the temple officials pray to Sudarsana for the successful conduct of the festival. As a part of the Panchasamskara rite. if performed with sincerity.Vishnu in his right hand. his consorts and Sudarsana. Sudarsana Purusha. the Discus Person is always an independent icon in South Indian Vishnu Temples unlike in the Northern Temples. it promotes a sense of well-being. Singing a song in words is called a kirtan. orthodox Vaishnavites bear the chakra (disc) and Sanka (conch) emblems of Vishnu on their shoulders branded by a holy ceremony called Samasaranam. Vishnu Sahasranamam. In contrast. in 108 Divydesa Vaishnava Temples. the Gods and rishis are given a warm send-off. builds strong friendships. The tenth day of Brahmotsavam is the Chakra-snaanam when the main Vishnu deity. Sri Vedaanta Desikar points out in Dehalisastuti that those who bear these marks will have their desires fulfilled. On the last day Sudarsana Chakra is bathed in the temple tank and the honored guests Brhama. ensures safety when facing . promotes the lush growth of flora and fauna. Whereas if we only delineate the raaga and do not utter words it is known as raaga aalaapana and we can go much deeper into the body of the music this way. Sudarsana Shanti Homa Sudarsana Shanti Homa is popular in all Vishnu temples like Ganesha Homa in Siva temples and Chandee homa in Sakta temples. Kovil Azhwar Sudarsana is given a holy bath called Thirumanjanam. The worship of Gods in their Chakra is similar to the Raaga Aalaapana in music. is said to help societies overcome personal and public obstacles. Sri Mahaa Vishnu carries in his right hand the Sudarsana Chakra (disc) and in his left hand the Paanchajanyam (Conch). Before the Brahmotsava. dispel harboring evil forces and vibes. Sudrasana is considered a representative of Lord Vishnu and therefore worshipped with equal reference. Sudarsana Homa. a positive attitude among mankind. There are nineteen different types of saalagramas worshipped by Vaishnavites at home and temples in place of idols. and helps the animal kingdom to flourish. the personification of his weapon Chakra are bathed in the temple tank. He uses them to protect his devotees from danger. evil and death.

it is an inert blessing. a part of God. However if one perceives the fire as a Devata. not only in a particular community or society but the entire world. kindness among . the devata for water. One then discovers the harmony in the Lord and his creation. desire to enter Heaven. Aakasa. last but not the least. even though. wheat. Pruthvi. any "Karma" or action performed for the sake of the Lord is "Yajna". Homa is a form of Haviryajna in which the oblations offered include butter. Vedas perceive "Fire" as the medium of worship and enjoin varieties of Homas for the fulfillment of human pursuits. Worship through "Yajna" is a unique form of prayer in the Vedic tradition. Fire is a blessing but if looked as a mere form of energy. averts accidents through machinery or weapons.danger. The smoke from the Homa is said to be very auspicious and therapeutic for inhalation. one recognizes it as a non-separate entity of the Lord. the devata for the earth. for the abundance of rain/ crops. Kaala. also the smoke that permeates the air is said to cleanse and purify the atmosphere of disease causing germs and other impurities. Sudarsana Yajna "Yagna" is derived from the root "Yaj" in Sanskrit meaning worship "Haviryajna" is a specific form of worship. barley. Vayu. prosperous society. gain of unrivalled sovereignty. part of God whose energy and brilliance are manifold compared to the "Surya" (sun) and "Agni" (fire). Varuna. Mahaa Yajnas are performed periodically at temples for the "Yoga -Kshema "(welfare of all living beings). while the Smarta Homas are performed for the well -being of self and their family. Agni. helps to overcome the fear of death. thus promoting a healthy. the devata for fire. wards off physical and mental illnesses. the devata for time. Vedas prescribe about 400 forms of fire rituals. the devata for air. as he is always associated with Lord Vishnu. Since fire carries brilliance and heat energy. wins over enemies when going through critical and bad planetary periods. The various elements are therefore considered as "Devatas". Srauta Homas are generally performed for the benefit of the world at large. for the fulfillment of human pursuits like giving away ones possession and becoming an ascetic. for the well-being of self and their family. Homas are generally performed for the benefit of the world at large. to wish for a progeny to carry on the family tree etc. which is popularly known as "Homa". not a deity or a devata. Yajna refers to a Vedic ritual in which one offers specific materials such as ghee (melted butter) and fagots to various deities through the medium of fire. boiled preparations of rice. a ritual pertaining to ancestors. it is the life sustaining principle in the creation and lands itself for the worship through Vedic homas. the preservation form of the Trinity. Sudarshana is considered as a Devata. which have medicinal value. and fagots of selected trees. the devata for space.

Yajnas are to be performed with a lot of dedication and concentration combined with purity of self and soul. Cleanliness is of utmost importance at these events.Narsimha. The priests intake "pancha-kavyam (cleansing agents). The beauty of Sudarsana Chakra arises from the fact that Chakra leads the seeker to the path of Lord Narayana. and to seek the almighty's blessings.) This jwaala has the radiance of thousand suns. 1: Peedaa pariharam (relief from all kinds of pain and suffering) 2: Paapa Naasanam (destroying one’s sins). Padma Samhita and Abhirbudhniya samhita (both samhitas are Paancharatra Agama texts). The cross section of a rod is a circle. Vishnu Sahasranamam. The Mahabharatha refers to the Wheel of Time (Kaala chakra). asking forgiveness of the almighty for the "apacharas" (unintentional mistakes) committed by the "ajnanis" (illiterate folks).amongst themselves and towards the animal and plant kingdom. which forms the center of the kaala-anala (fire at the end of time. Therefore. which offer attributes to the Chakra include the Mahabharata. Sudarsana Chakra is the mighty weapon of Lord Narayana.human beings. to whom oblations are offered in this sacred event. As you are all aware papa-naasanam is the first step towards realizing Lord Narayana. Sudarsana in the form of Chakratt-azhwar serves as the . denoting the temporal aspect of the Sudarsana Chakra. Lord Vishnu. which is evident from the opening salutation of the Sudarsana Kavacham. Sri Mahaa Vishnu. to restore and preserve the sanctity. Sudarsana Yajna is performed for the "Yajna Purusha" (the protector of mankind). The Chakra itself has many auspicious attributes. It is believed that what is offered to the raging fire reaches directly to our Creator through the Purifier Agni (Fire). Yajnas are performed as a form of penance. before they perform the Homa. the Chakra dispels all ignorance and darkness. peace and prosperity. faith. Shodashayudha stotram Sudarsana is shown as rod-icon on Ratnavedi among Jagannatha Parivara moving away from the concept of disc. Probably rod represents both as Narasimha came out of a pillar. The place where the Yajna is to be performed is thoroughly cleaned before the yajna is performed. The Chakra is the instrument of the preservation of this world and the Sankha signals moksha or liberation from the cycle of birth and death. Related references. The magnificence of the Sudarsana Chakra is very eloquently described in and the Sudarshana Ashtakam. Often Narasimha and Sudarsan are shown together as Sudarsana. The Sudarsana Chakra (wheel) is the most important weapon of the Great Protector. The Vishnu Sahasranama salutation “Ritu Sudarsana kaala iti dighandaha” also refers to the spatial-temporal mighty jwaala. Rod shows limitless number of such discs all compressed together and held together as the most powerful Sudarsana chakra rod. A rod is a symbol of a guard as a staff. His other weapons include the Sankha (conch) and the Gada (mace). Additionally.

He was charged by Catholic Churches that he was corrupting the minds of the people. planet Sani. . Bhagavadgeetaa says supreme Being is 1000 times powerful than Sun. and put him in prison until his death. Somehow Navagraha worship concept did not catch the imagination of Vaishnavites who always worship Aaditya. people worshipped Sun as God. planet Moon. In the early days. Anyhow as the story goes Viswakarma left his work half done as we see all icons as half done.guard in Vishnu temples. which they divert to Sudarsana. Therefore Sudarsana as rod may be the raw-material from which icon had to be sculpted. the brightness of thousand blazing Suns. Planet Sukra. But. Moon as a graha is also not worshiped in Vaishnava concept. Vaishnavites feel Sudarsana is an amsa (part) of Vishnu as mentioned in Ramayana where Bharata is an incarnation of Sudarsana and Amsa of Vishnu who was born on account of the part of pudding from the same pot of Amrita which Kaikeyi consumed.. No doubt Sun and Moon have significant effect on humans as witnessed during eclipses. I often wonder why Navagraha worship is confined to followers of Siva and Sakta worshipers and not found in Vaishnava tradition. Rahu and Ketu are purely mythological minor deities. Probably he had a pillar like material in stock out of which wanted to bring out Narasimha-Sudarsana icon. He also discovered many things. planet Guru. astrologers have a strong influence on private lives of Vaishnavas because of their beliefs in horoscope and influence of Grahas. and conducted many experiments. But Hindu astrologers based on Puranas say the Earth is still the in the center while planet Sun. Then Copernicus discovered the ELLIPTICAL THEORY which is true even today. like the actual value of the gravity of the Earth. In Vaishnava belief Sudarsana is 1000 times more powerful than Sun. GEO means Earth. and as the dispeller of ignorance and darkness. All the planets are moving on elliptical orbit while the Sun is at one of the focal points of the ellipse. planet Budha. Then Galileo proposed HELIOCENTRIC THEORY. telescopes. nor Navagraha worship in Vishnu temples. The Sun was the center of the universe while all the planets were moving around the Sun. planet Kuja. Sri Sudharshana Azhwar is Sriman Narayanans Sankalap Shakti to wipe out all evils. This was called as GEOCENTRIC THEORY by Ptolemy. Planet Rahu and Planet Ketu are moving around the Earth influencing people on Earth. They thought that the Earth was the center of the universe. for they call everything as Graha which religious authors translate as planets. and the Sun was moving around the Earth. There is neither Navagraha sanctum. doubts and criticisms. That is why it is a probably shown as a rod. Hindu astrologers have a great influence on human mind and therefore Navagraha worship and homa are considered even more important than focus on the main deity. So this worship could have been confined to Vedic deities Sun and Moon to avoid all controversies. It describes Viswaroopa as divisooryasahasrah.

May Sudarshana lead me to the almighty!” SUDARSANA-CHAKRA DHYAANA SLOKA Taaro Bhrigur-viyadbhooyas-tadaadyam vahnidheergayuk | Paavakah kavachastraanto manu sptaaksharah smritam || Ahirbubhudyo munih prokta-chchando-anushtu-budahritam | Devataa munibhih proktaa chakraroopee harih swayam || Kalpaantaarkaprakaasamtribhuvanam-akhilam tejasaa poorayantam Raktaakshm pingakesam ripulabhyadam bheemadamshtra-attahaasam | chakram sankham gadaabje prthu-tara-musalam chaapa-paasaankusaan bibhraanam dorbir-aadyammanasi muraripum bhavayed-chakra-sanjyam || Sudarsana Mantra Om sahsraara Phat | Ahirbudhyaana is the Rishi of this Mantra. "Om Kleem Krishnaaya Govindaaya Gopijana Vallabhaaya Paraaya Parama Purushaaya Paramaatmane Para Karma Mantra Yantra Tantra Oushada Astra Shastraani Samhara Samhara mrutyor mochaya mochaya. Meter (Chhandas) is Anushtup. I am unintelligent and blind to the way of the almighty. and the deity is Vishnu in the form Chakra as Devata (deity).Sudarsana Gaayatree Sudarsanaaya vidmahe mahaa jwaalaaya ddheemahi tanno chakrah prachodayaat | "Oh Sudarsana! The one with the blazing flames. and the deity is Vishnu in the form Chakra as Devata (Deity). Meter (Chhandas) is Anushtup. Om Namo Bhagavate Mahaa Sudarshanaya deepthrae Jwaalaa Parivrithaaya Sarva Dikshobhana Karaaya Hum phat Brahmane Paranjyotishe Swahaa” “Om Sudarsanaaya vidmahey Mahaa Jwalaya dheemahi tanno Chakrah Prachodayaat” . the one who is equivalent to millions of suns. SUDARSANA-MAHAAVISHNU DHYAANA SLOKA Avyaad-bhaaskara-sannibhaabhir-akhilaabhirdiso | Bheemaakshah ksharad-attahaasa-vikasad-damshtraapradeeptaananah| Dorbhis-chakradarau gadaabja-musalaams-traasaamscha Paasaankusau Bibhrat-pinga-siroruho-atha bhavatah chakraabhidhaano harih || Sudarsana Mantra Om Shasraara phat Ahirbudhyaana is the Rishi of this Mantra.

who help people to come over the fear of rebirth. Hail! Hail! OH Sudarsana! Sphuta tatijjaala pinjara prithu-tara jwaala panjara | Parigata pratnavigraha patutara prajna durgraha Praharana graama mandita parijana traana pandita | Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 3|| You are gilded like the clear clusters of lightning. You treat as your kith and kin those learned people and you are visualized by Ahirbudhnaya (Siva addressed by that name in the Samhita). You are adorned by a multitude of weapons. You are master in protecting your servants. You are not attainable even by those with sharp intellect. who have numerous good attributes as ornaments. You are enclosed in a very large cage of flames.Sudarsanaashtakam Pratibhata-sreni-bheeshana varaguna-sthoma-bhushana Jani bhaya-sthaana-taarana jagadavasthaana-kaarana | Nikhila-dhushkarma-karsana nigama-saddharma-darsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 1 || You who causes fear in the enemy circles. who are the cause of the existence of the world. You are glorified in Satapata BHrahmana of Vedas. who destroys the effects of all bad actions and who shows the different paths laid down in the Vedas for Jeevanmukti (liberation)—Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! Subha jagadrupa mandana sura gana traasa khandana | Sata-makha brahma vandita sata-pata brahma nandita | Prathita vidvat-sapakshita Jaya jaya Sri Sudarsana bhajata ahirbudhnya lakshita Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 2 || You adorn the sacred form of the Lord whose body is the whole world! You are the dispeller of the fears of hosts of Gods! Indra and Brahma pay their obeisance to You. Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! . You are surrounded by weapons.

Hail! Hailo! Sri Sudarsana! Danuja vistaara kartana Danuja vidyaa nikartana jani tamisraa vikartana | bhajat avidyaa nivartana | Amara drishta sva vikrama Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana samara jushta bhrami krama Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You cut off the gangs of the demons. You yield easily to bonds of compassion! Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Mahita-sampat-sadakshara Vihita-sampat-shadakshara Shadar-chakra-pratishthita sakala –tattva-pratishthita | Vividha –sankalpa-kalpaka vibudha-sankalpa -kalpaka Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You bestow the power to destroy Moha (illusion) to attain liberation (Moksha). You are embedded in a circle with a hexagon of six sides and are established in all entities as antaryamin or inner-self. You remove the ignorance of the devotees. Your valor is noticed by the divines and you are seen whirling around in the battlefield (helping the deserving). You remove the inherited ignorance of birth like Sun. You are adorned by a vaeiety of Garlands. You have destroyed the enemies of Indra. You have the six good natural qualities in perfection and plentitude. You have the qualities of para (spiritual) and Vyooha (emanations of Vishnu) glory. Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Bhuvana netastrayeemaya Niravadhi svaadu chinmaya Amita viswa-kriyaamaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana savanna tejastrayeemaya nikhila sakte jaganmaya | samite vishvagbhayaamaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana . all boon granting tree. You like Kalpavriksh. fulfil all wishes including the desires of even the divines. You are beyond the reach of all deceitful powers. You are surmounted by many a mighty weapons.Nija pada preetha sadgana nirupadhi spheeta shad guna Nigama nirvyudha vaibhava Hari haya dweshi daarana nijapara vyooha vaibhava | hara pura plosha kaarana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 4 || You have with you good crowd devoted to your sacred feet. Your greatness is celebrated in Vedas. Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Pratimukhaaleedha prithu mahaa heti dantura Vikata maaya bahishkritha vividha maalaa parishkritha Prithu mahaayantra tantritha dhridha dayaa tantra yantrita Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You are fantastic in your leap forward. You put an end the illusion created by demons. You are well seated in a great yantra motif on solid foundation. You have caused the city of Hara(Kaasi) ablaze. Your six-lettered name grants honor and prosperity.

who is the origin of birth for all weapons. Aahavaneeya and Dakshina. on which depend the wheel of the world and eternal Wheel of Time (kaalachakra). You are the kinds of sacred fires— Gaarhapatya. protect you! Astragraamasya kritsnasya prasootim yam prachakshate | So-avyaat sudarsano viswam aayudhaih shoedsaayudhah || May Sudarsana.You are the acknowledged leader of all the worlds and the embodiment of the wisdom of all three Vedas. bless you! Yadaayattam jagacchakram kaalachakram cha saasvatam | Paatu vas-tatparam chakram chakra-roopasya chakrinaah || May the magnificent discus of Lord Vishnu (Sudarsana). however difficult they may be to realize for the Good Lord Sudarsana will take care of them! Sudarsana in Shodasaayudha -stotram Swa-sankalpakalaa-kalpair-aayudhair-aayudhesvarah | Jushtah shodasabhir-divyair-jushataam vah parah pumaan || May that Supreme Lord of all weapons. equipped with sixteen divine weapons which are comparable to his thoughts. equipped with sixteen weapons. With all your powers you pervade the entire Universe. cure for all diseases and remover of all kinds of fears. Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! wichatushkam-idam prabhootasaaram pathataam Venkatanaayaka-praneetam Vishame-api manorathah pradhaavan na vihanyeta rathaangadhuryaguptah || Those who read this composition of eight hymns full of quintessential meaning composed by Vedanta Desika will have all his wishes fulfilled. protect the world! SUDARSANA -NARASIMHA Mantra -Om Sahasraarajwaalaavartine Kshreem hana hum phat swaahaa Taaram sahasraarajwaalaavartine Kshroum hanadvayam | Hrum phat swaahaa chonavimsavarno mantra udaahritah || Munirjayanta aakhyaatacchaando gaayatramuchyate | Sudarsana nrisimho asya devataa parikeertitah || [The rishi of this mantra is Jayanta. Chandas is Gaayatree and the Devata is Sudarsana Narasimha] DHYAANA . You are the cause and effect of all activities in the world. Your blissful knowledge is limitless. who manifests himself as Chakra.

Sripad Trust. Chennai. Kalpatharu Research Academy. Anushtub as its meter and Vishnu in the form of Chakra as the Devata] DHYAANA Kalpaantaarka-prakaasam tribhuvanam-akhilam tejasaa poorayantam Raktaaksham Pingakesam ripuphulabhayadam bheema-damshtra-attahaasam | chakram sankham gadaabje prithutara-musalam chaapa-paasaankusaan vai bibhraanam dorbhir-aadyam manasi mura-ripum baavayec-chakra-sanjyam || MANTRA Om sahasraara phat | SUDARSANA MAHAAVISHNU Avyaad-bhaaskara-sannibhaabhir-akhila-abhirdiso Bhaasayan bheemaakshah ksharad-attahaasa-vikasad-damshtraa-pradeeptaananah | dorbhis-chakradarau gadaabja-musalaams-traasaamscha paasaankusau bibhrat-pinga-siroruho atha bhavatah chakraabhidhaano harih || REFERENCES: 1.K.. Bengaluru. India. . S. 2. Sringeri Sharada Peetham. India. Dr. Ramachndra Rao. Narasimhachary.Chakraanaam tu sabhaamadhye kaalaagnisadrisaprabham | chaturbhujam vivrittaasyam chatuschakradharam harim | | taptakaanchanasankaasam trinetram chaadyavigraham | dhyaayet-samasta-dukhagnam taadrig lakshmyaa samanvitam || SUDARSANA CHAKRA Taaro bhrigur-viyad-bhooyas-tadaadyam vahnee-dheergayuk | Paavakah kavachaas-traanto manu sptaaksharah smritam || 1 || Ahir budhyo minih proktas-chchando anushtu-budaahritam | Devataa munubhih proktaa chakraroopee harih svayam || 2|| MANTRA OM Sahasraara Phat || [This mantra has Ahirbudhnya as its Rishi. Sri Vedanta Desika Stotras. Vishnu Kosha.

Chapter 4. Ltd. Though every Vishnu Temple is likely to have a Sannidhi for Lord Sudarshana. Hindu Gods and Goddesses. an important pilgrimage place near Rameswaram . Feffer and Simons Pvt. a few temples are especially famous for Lord Sudarshana . 7. Sudarshana Chakra was actually given to Lord Vishnu by Lord Shiva at his request. Lord Sudarshana's grace destroys all misfortunes and there are innumerable anecdotes in this regard. India 5. Singapore) As Sri Sudarshana Jayanthi falls on 26-Jun-2015 (Friday) (and on 26-July2015 according to some other traditions).e. Mumbai. India. 4..3. Ramakrishna Math. Srinivasan Pamphlet on Sudarasana Mahaa Yajnam. The reference to this . etc. Lord Sudarshana worship is not for the ordinary and one has to maintain certain minimum spiritual hygiene to qualify for this. Chennai. TN. Swami Vimalananda. Setu Mahatmya. Balaji—Venkateshwara. the hymn was presumably sung in Thirupullani. Feffer and Simons Pvt. Sri Ganesha Temple. Srirangam Temple. India. Vakils.a place where King Dasharatha was bestowed with divine nectar (Payasam/kheer) to get progeny and where Lord Rama prayed to Samudra Raja atop kusha grass to reach Sri Lanka.. As the last 4 stanzas of the hymn has reference to Chakra Tirtha. Nashville. The Adi Jagannatha Perumal Temple in this place is one of the 108 Divya Desams and a very important site related to Ramayana. Ramakrishna Math. Chennai.g. Thirumohoor in Madurai. Ltd. Mahanarayana Upanishad. Nanditha Krishnan. Saarngapaani Temple in Kumbhakonam. Kamala Raghunathan. Swami Harshananda.R. Raghu & N. 6. Devdutt Pattanaik. Varadaraja Perumal Temple in Kancheepuram. India. I am happy to share a short and sweet hymn on Lord Sudarshana by a Gandharva called Durdama. USA. As we have seen many times before. taken from Skanda Purana. Vishnu. Mumbai. APPPENDIX I Tvam Rudrastvam Vishnustvam Brahmatsvam (Courtesy Krishna Muralidharan Iyengar. Brahma Khanda.

Durdama uvāca – Sudarśana namaste'stu viṣṇu-hastaika-bhūṣaṇa | namaste 'sura-saṁhartre sahasrādityatejase || 1 || Kṛpāleśenabhavatas tyaktvā 'haṁ rākṣasīṁ tanum | svarūpamabhajaṁ viṣṇoś cakrāyudha namo'stu te || 2 || Anujānīhi māṁ gantuṁ tridivaṁ viṣṇu-vallabha | bhāryāmepariśocanti virahātura cetasaḥ || 3 || Tvan manasko bhaviṣyāmi yāvaj jīvaṁ yathāhyaham | tathā kṛpāṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ mayi cakra namo'stu te || 3 || Cakrāyudha namāmi tvāṁ mahā'sura-vimardana | devī pattana paryantaṁ dharma-tīrthe hyanuttame || 4 || Sannidhānaṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ sarva-pāpa-vināśanam | tvat-sannidhānāt sarveṣāṁ snātānāṁ pāpināṁ iha || 5 || Pāpa-nāśaṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ mokṣaṁ ca kuru śāśvatam | cakratīrtaṁ iti khyātiṁ loke'sya parikalpaya || 6 || Tvat sannidhānādatratya munīnāṁ bhaya-nāśanam | itaḥ paraṁ bhavatvārya cakrāyudha namo'stu te || 7 || bhūta-preta-piśācebhyo bhayaṁ mā bhavatu prabho || 8 || || || Iti śrīskānde mahāpurāṇe brahma-khaṇḍe setu-māhātmye durdama-kṛta śrīsudarśana stotraṁ sampūrṇam || APPENDIX II Rudraaaya Vishnave Namah—Obeisance to Vishnu who is Rudra (N.a politically motivated irrational exuberance. Brahma Khanda. Setu Mahatmya and Chapter 4.can be seen in many purans . The Shaivite/Vaishnavite rivalry we see in greater Tamil Nadu of the medieval times is never to be seen in any purans and therefore must be a later day corruption .be it Shaivite or Vaishnavite in texture.Chakra Bhairava. Linga Purana as well as Shiva Purana contains the Shiva Sahasranama created by Lord Vishnu for this purpose. Durdama is said to have attained redemption from all his sins after worshipping Lord Sudarshana with this hymn and bathing in the holy water titled Chakra Tirtha in Setu (presumably Chakra Tirtha in Thirupullani near Rameswaram).Srinivasan) .R. The following is a rare hymn on Lord Sudarshana by Durdama taken from Skanda Puranam. There is also an opinion that Sudarshana Chakra is another form of Lord Bhairava . But Saura Purana gives a different hymn.

19. In the context of above text by Muralidhara Iyengar may I recall my remarks that irrespective their following (Vishnu.1 describes that the whole universe was hatched out of a golden egg (Hiranyagarbha) which lay a complete year before it brought forth offspring. This wisdom contained in Vedas made Puranas later to think of praising Rudra and Vishnu together in hymns invariably in all the Puranas at some .Whatever has been left over to be mentioned in respect of Upaasana (worship and meditation) Karma and Jnaana after the recital of Samhitaa and Braahmana is brought together in Mahaanaaraayan Upanishad (MNU) says Sayana. the mantras focus on Vishnu and Siva. I would like to mention here two specific mantras from MNU: Namo Rudraaya Vishnave mrityurme paahi | Obeisance to Rudra who is Vishnu ! Guard me from death! Nidhanaaya namah | Nidhana-pataantikaaya namah | Oordhvaaya namah | Oordhva-lingaaya namah | Hiranyaaya namah | Hiranya-lingaaya namah | Suvarnaaya namah | Suvarna-lingaaya namah | Divyaaya namah | Divya-lingaaya namah | Bhavaaya namah | Bhava-lingaaya namah |Sarvaaya namah | Sarva-lingaaya namah | Sivaaya namah | Siva-lingaaya namah | Jwaalaaya namah | Jwaalalingaaya namah | Aatmaaya namah | Aatma-lingaaya namah | Paramaaya namah | Parama-lingaaya namah | Etath-soemasya sooryasya sarva-lingam sthaapayati paanimantram pavitram || By these twenty-two names ending with salutations. Ananta and Govinda in Aaachamana though traditions interpret them to their convenience (see my 16-steps Pooja). The Linga which is worshipped by the devotee of Siva and Salagraama worshiped by the devotee of Vishnu is but a handy replica or a convenient diminutive form of the universal semi-spherical emblem of the Unlimited (Supreme Being). MNU is otherwise called Mantropanishad. may be likened to an enormous semisection of an egg containing the world. The spherical dome of heaven above. Chandogya Upanishad III. Perhaps this golden egg lend itself to be fancied as the visible symbol of the limitless all-inclusive Divine Reality into which the manifold universe was believed to be reabsorbed at the end. appearing to us capping the earth on which we live. Siva or Sakta) in Sandhyavandna all chant the name Achyuta. The word without the suffix Linga refers to Vishnu while one with Linga to Rudra Vaishnava texts of MNU explains only eleven of these Divine Names in the light of their philosophy and Yoga. The most popular Mantra of MNU describes supreme Being as: Om antascharati bhooteshu guhaayam viswa moortishu Rudrastavam Vishnustavam Brhmatvam prajaapatih | | tvam yajnastavam indrastvam Later in several mantras both Vishnu and Rudra are mentioned together for worship and prayers.

In Hinduism. the Sudarshana Chakra signifies something bigger. It is a symbol of protection as the chakra has the power to destroy anything in its path with its razor sharp blades. Their focus was on Existence (Sthithi) and Extinction (Laya). dedicated to a particular form of the Supreme.blogspot. vyakta form of worship) as the World has all been created and the task of Srishthi was complete about which humans need not have to worry. This perhaps is the philosophy for not having temples for Brahma which they have nicely woven into a Purana Episode.html http://nrsrini. They never thought of Brahma for Moorti Upaasana (visible.ishtadevata. righteousness and knowledge. evil and death. Posted by Nadipuram Srinivasan at 6:50 AM "Panchajanya" (Conch) and the Sudarsana (chakra) to protect his devotees from danger. Its a sign of hope..com/blog/sudarshana-chakra.in/2015/06/sudarsana-chakra-and-sudarsana-yajna. According to mytholo.html .place even though their focus was Siva or Vishnu or Devi. The Linga and Salagrama are of Vyaktaavyakta (visible-invisible) form. Read More at http://www..