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SUDARSANA CHAKRA AND SUDARSANA YAJNA AND HOMAS

Sudarsana Chakra and Sudarsana Yajna and Homas
(Compilation for a discourse by N.R. Srinivasan)

Lord Vishnu is said to use both the "Panchajanya" (Conch) and the Sudarsana
(chakra) to protect his devotees from danger, evil and death. According to
mythology Lord Vishnu has used the Sudarsana Chakra often to protect his
devotees from evil, dispel earthly fears and destroy wicked people with his
chakra thereby they too have attained moksha.
In Gajendra Moksha (The liberation of the elephant from the Crocodile's
mouth) the elephant was released from its curse, while Vishnu hurled his
chakra at the crocodile and killed it, thereby the crocodile attained moksha;
Krishna backed up Arjuna by creating a temporary illusion of sunset during
Jayadratha's killing; The killing of Sisupala and his release from his curse,
these are some of the stories that glorifies Sudarsana.
Sudarsana's disk has also broken the arrogance of Surya (sun god), who
became dull and lacked luster. Surya pleaded with the Almighty who later
restored his brilliance. Sudarsana has also played a prominent role in the
avatars of Vishnu, being the horn of the Varaha, sharp nails of the lion faced
Narasimha, the powerful axe of Parasurama, the formidable arrow of Lord
Rama, and in his original form, a disc in the Krishna avatar, glorified in
Shodasaayudha Stotra of Vedanta Desika. In Parthasarathy temple in
Tiruvallikkeni in Chennai in India he is shown as the sword Nandaka in the
hands of Lord Parthsarathy. In Puri Jagannath he is shown as a rod
representing Sudarsana Narasimha while Narasimha in Puranas reveals he
stepped out of a pillar as burning flame of rage and as Man-Lion. Bharatha
was an incarnation of Sudharsana chakra in Tretaa Yuga. He was prince
regent (Yuvaraja) during Rama’s rule of Ayodhya. The Tamil Vaishnava Saint
Thirumazhisai Azhwar is also believed to be the incarnation of Sudarsana
Chakra.
There are many legends as to the origin of Sudarsana Chakra. Vishnu once
promised Siva 1008 lotuses. To test his devotion, Siva stole one of the
lotuses. When Vishnu discovered this loss, he offered Siva one of his lotusshaped eyes instead. For this act, Siva gave Vishnu a discus with jagged
edge called the Sudarsana-chakra which rotates round the Lord’s finger.
When flung it beheads his enemies before returning to his hand.
A popular legend in Puranas says that Sudarsana Chakra was made by the
architect of gods, Vishvakarma. Vishvakarma's daughter Sanjana was

is called Bhagavaan].married to Surya. The Chakra is described to have 10 million spikes in two rows moving in opposite directions to give it a serrated edge. wisdom and dispassion. Because of its beauty. the Sun God. Sudarsana with a hexagon and circle as his background is as brilliant as fire and having four or eight or sixteen arms holding bow. Trailokya-rakshaa Chakra and Asuraantaka Chakra. “Utpattim pralayam chaiva bhootaanaamaagatim gatim | vetti vidyaam-avidyaam cha sa vaachyo bhgawann-iti ||” [ He who understands the creation and dissolution. He is shown as Vaishnavite symbol along with the conch (Shankha). The first one was the aerial vehicle Pushpaka Vimana. glory. with this. Vichakra. Vishvakarma took the Sun and made him shine less so that his daughter would be able to hug the Sun. A Chakra. Sudarsana Narasimha is a composite icon of Sudarsana having on one side of the hexagon (shat-kona) within the flaming discus (Chakra) and that of Man -lion on the other side. Vihagendra Samhita declares these two forms are really one. The six cornered figure which is enclosed within the flaming circle and which in turn encloses the male figure of Sudarsana represents also six chakra--Achakra. moreover it will strike the enemy you desire and will return back to you". arrow. Padma Samhita says Narasimha who is to be located in the heart of Sudarsana is like mountain of crystal covered with . the wisdom and ignorance. Due to the Sun's blazing light and heat. For example Gadaa is female and Chakra is male. "Krishna. It is common to show the weapons of Lord Vishnu also in human form. Aayudha Purushas can be male or female or neuter gender depending on the gender of the word in Sanskrit indicating it. the second being the Trisoola (Trident) of the god Siva. which was studded with diamonds in the center. splendor. she was unable to go near the Sun. brilliance and radiance it came to be known as the Sudarsana Chakra (good to behold). Agni said. They are then worshiped as Weapon-beings or Aayudha Purushas. Describing the qualities of the Chakra. trident. the appearance and disappearance of beings. Sudarsana is shown as standing or moving about within a circle of flame in a hexagon (shatkon) superimposed on the circle. and the third was the Sudarsana Chakra of Vishnu. Su-chakra. The hexagon illustrates Vyuha ideology of six divine qualities of Bhagawan—dominion. noose. goad and other implements as also weapons. The left over Sun "dust" was collected by Vishvakarma and made into three divine objects. was presented to Lord Krishna after the wild fire destruction of the Kaandava forest by the fire God "Agni" to assist him in his task of destroying the evil and protecting the innocent. Jwaalaa Chakra. Here Narasimha is seen in seated posture and Sudarsana in the standing or moving posture. There are fine metallic images of Sudarsana-Narasimha in the temple of Kanchipuram and Srirangam popularly called in Tamil Azhagiya-singar. you can destroy the evil and demons as well.

The wheel of the radiance that surrounds Vishnu deity Prabhaachakra. Dhyaani Buddha called Vairochana is distinguished by the Chakra emblem in white color. Slokas or hymns on Sudarshana are very powerful and should be chanted with sincerity. The place where the chanting is done s hould be clean. It has twelve spokes. Yajurveda and Puranas. three concentric rings. They are also called as Bhagya Chakra or Rasi Chakra. Wheel is also weapon used in warfare described in Puranas. The use of the Sudarsana Chakra is occasionally mentioned in the Hindu texts of Rigveda.countless manes and roaring like the thunder of dissolution (pralaya). We are all familiar with the Wheel of Dharma that Buddha set into motion used as a symbol in Indian National Flag which has replaced the wheel of Charaka (spinning wheel) of the Indian National Congress. discus as Chakra Purusha and Gadaa (mace) as Gadaa Devi. Twenty four armed Padmavati carries Chakra in one of her hands. The Sudarsana mantra Om Sahsraara Phat. Prabhaavali and Prabhaamandala usually taken in procession behind the deity during Brahmotsava or Annual worship of the Temple. order and preservation to eliminate the enemy of the Devas. Vishnu Chakra has a special name Su-darsana.is said to possess the power to neutralize poisons and exorcise malignant spirits. Wheel is thus symbolic of life ever-renewing itself in cycle of time as producer and consumer of everything of the invariable law governing matter and energy in the nerve channels as Kaala Chakra and Nadee Chakra. Narasimha is seated with crossed legs in yoga-posture in this assembly. In Vishnu’s hands it is seen either as flat facing the viewer called Samasthiti (stationary) Chakra or in the ready to be hurled form as seen in the index finger of Lord Krishna called Prayoga Chakra. Vishnu is invariably seen with a crown surmounted by a prominent discus. which means Beautiful to Behold. He is also distinguished by two weapons in his hands. and body. wheel personified as human being. Jain deities Vajraankusi and Chakresvaree carry Chakra in their hands. Vedas mention of Brahma Chakra as described in my earlier discourse on the subject and Soorya (Sun) moving on a single wheel chariot with twelve spokes representing months as well as zodiac. as an ultimate weapon of law. This stone is said to contain marks of the chakra (discus) which is symbolic of the Sudarsana Chakra held by Lord . Lord Vishnu is invoked in the Saalagrama which is a special stone obtained only from the river Ghantaki. Slokas should be recited only after learning the correct pronunciation and intonation. and a design with six corners with an inclination to the right. We see the iconic wheels are represented sculpturally in different ways. The small ornamental wheel that turns round behind the deity called Siras Chakra and Chakra Purusha. The wheel of Sun transformed into a temple in Konark. purity of mind. Chakra represents the cosmic mind. the will of the Lord to multiply as well as His infinite power to create and destroy the Universe.

the Discus Person is always an independent icon in South Indian Vishnu Temples unlike in the Northern Temples. Kovil Azhwar Sudarsana is given a holy bath called Thirumanjanam. Before the Brahmotsava. The worship of Gods in their Chakra is similar to the Raaga Aalaapana in music. promotes the lush growth of flora and fauna. In contrast. The tenth day of Brahmotsavam is the Chakra-snaanam when the main Vishnu deity. in 108 Divydesa Vaishnava Temples. praises Lord Vishnu as "Bhayakrit bhaya naasanaha": it says he is the creator of fear as well as the destroyer of fear. Sudarsana Purusha. Sudrasana is considered a representative of Lord Vishnu and therefore worshipped with equal reference. Whereas if we only delineate the raaga and do not utter words it is known as raaga aalaapana and we can go much deeper into the body of the music this way. the personification of his weapon Chakra are bathed in the temple tank. builds strong friendships. ensures safety when facing . the Gods and rishis are given a warm send-off. Singing a song in words is called a kirtan. calamities. As a part of the Panchasamskara rite. The day before the commencement is the ritual of Mrit-sangrahanam or collecting the earth when the temple officials pray to Sudarsana for the successful conduct of the festival. is said to help societies overcome personal and public obstacles. if performed with sincerity. Sri Vedaanta Desikar points out in Dehalisastuti that those who bear these marks will have their desires fulfilled. Sudarsana Shanti Homa Sudarsana Shanti Homa is popular in all Vishnu temples like Ganesha Homa in Siva temples and Chandee homa in Sakta temples. On the last day Sudarsana Chakra is bathed in the temple tank and the honored guests Brhama. Vishnu Sahasranamam. a positive attitude among mankind. his consorts and Sudarsana.Vishnu in his right hand. Worship through this medium is considered to be powerful. He uses them to protect his devotees from danger. Sri Mahaa Vishnu carries in his right hand the Sudarsana Chakra (disc) and in his left hand the Paanchajanyam (Conch). dispel harboring evil forces and vibes. Sudarsana Homa. and helps the animal kingdom to flourish. orthodox Vaishnavites bear the chakra (disc) and Sanka (conch) emblems of Vishnu on their shoulders branded by a holy ceremony called Samasaranam. There are nineteen different types of saalagramas worshipped by Vaishnavites at home and temples in place of idols. evil and death. Chakra and Music: Here is an analogy of “Chakra” to classical music. it promotes a sense of well-being.

which is popularly known as "Homa". the devata for time. Kaala. Sudarshana is considered as a Devata. Sudarsana Yajna "Yagna" is derived from the root "Yaj" in Sanskrit meaning worship "Haviryajna" is a specific form of worship. a part of God. The various elements are therefore considered as "Devatas". desire to enter Heaven. Aakasa. while the Smarta Homas are performed for the well -being of self and their family. boiled preparations of rice. the preservation form of the Trinity. the devata for water. averts accidents through machinery or weapons. Mahaa Yajnas are performed periodically at temples for the "Yoga -Kshema "(welfare of all living beings). not only in a particular community or society but the entire world. Vayu. for the well-being of self and their family. one recognizes it as a non-separate entity of the Lord. it is the life sustaining principle in the creation and lands itself for the worship through Vedic homas. Vedas perceive "Fire" as the medium of worship and enjoin varieties of Homas for the fulfillment of human pursuits. it is an inert blessing. which have medicinal value. even though. Homa is a form of Haviryajna in which the oblations offered include butter. not a deity or a devata. as he is always associated with Lord Vishnu. wins over enemies when going through critical and bad planetary periods. wards off physical and mental illnesses. kindness among . One then discovers the harmony in the Lord and his creation. the devata for space. The smoke from the Homa is said to be very auspicious and therapeutic for inhalation. Since fire carries brilliance and heat energy. Varuna. and fagots of selected trees. Agni. wheat. also the smoke that permeates the air is said to cleanse and purify the atmosphere of disease causing germs and other impurities. Yajna refers to a Vedic ritual in which one offers specific materials such as ghee (melted butter) and fagots to various deities through the medium of fire. for the abundance of rain/ crops. part of God whose energy and brilliance are manifold compared to the "Surya" (sun) and "Agni" (fire). barley. the devata for air. any "Karma" or action performed for the sake of the Lord is "Yajna".danger. Srauta Homas are generally performed for the benefit of the world at large. Pruthvi. the devata for the earth. prosperous society. to wish for a progeny to carry on the family tree etc. Homas are generally performed for the benefit of the world at large. a ritual pertaining to ancestors. the devata for fire. Fire is a blessing but if looked as a mere form of energy. helps to overcome the fear of death. last but not the least. Worship through "Yajna" is a unique form of prayer in the Vedic tradition. gain of unrivalled sovereignty. for the fulfillment of human pursuits like giving away ones possession and becoming an ascetic. However if one perceives the fire as a Devata. Vedas prescribe about 400 forms of fire rituals. thus promoting a healthy.

As you are all aware papa-naasanam is the first step towards realizing Lord Narayana. to whom oblations are offered in this sacred event. 1: Peedaa pariharam (relief from all kinds of pain and suffering) 2: Paapa Naasanam (destroying one’s sins). which forms the center of the kaala-anala (fire at the end of time. The Mahabharatha refers to the Wheel of Time (Kaala chakra). A rod is a symbol of a guard as a staff. Vishnu Sahasranamam. Lord Vishnu. which is evident from the opening salutation of the Sudarsana Kavacham. The magnificence of the Sudarsana Chakra is very eloquently described in and the Sudarshana Ashtakam. peace and prosperity.Narsimha. before they perform the Homa.amongst themselves and towards the animal and plant kingdom. His other weapons include the Sankha (conch) and the Gada (mace). The beauty of Sudarsana Chakra arises from the fact that Chakra leads the seeker to the path of Lord Narayana. The place where the Yajna is to be performed is thoroughly cleaned before the yajna is performed. Yajnas are performed as a form of penance. The Chakra itself has many auspicious attributes. and to seek the almighty's blessings. Additionally. The Chakra is the instrument of the preservation of this world and the Sankha signals moksha or liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The Vishnu Sahasranama salutation “Ritu Sudarsana kaala iti dighandaha” also refers to the spatial-temporal mighty jwaala. Often Narasimha and Sudarsan are shown together as Sudarsana. Sudarsana Chakra is the mighty weapon of Lord Narayana. The Sudarsana Chakra (wheel) is the most important weapon of the Great Protector. Sudarsana in the form of Chakratt-azhwar serves as the . Yajnas are to be performed with a lot of dedication and concentration combined with purity of self and soul. Sudarsana Yajna is performed for the "Yajna Purusha" (the protector of mankind). faith.) This jwaala has the radiance of thousand suns. It is believed that what is offered to the raging fire reaches directly to our Creator through the Purifier Agni (Fire). the Chakra dispels all ignorance and darkness. The cross section of a rod is a circle. to restore and preserve the sanctity. which offer attributes to the Chakra include the Mahabharata. Probably rod represents both as Narasimha came out of a pillar. The priests intake "pancha-kavyam (cleansing agents). Rod shows limitless number of such discs all compressed together and held together as the most powerful Sudarsana chakra rod.human beings. Shodashayudha stotram Sudarsana is shown as rod-icon on Ratnavedi among Jagannatha Parivara moving away from the concept of disc. Related references. asking forgiveness of the almighty for the "apacharas" (unintentional mistakes) committed by the "ajnanis" (illiterate folks). denoting the temporal aspect of the Sudarsana Chakra. Therefore. Cleanliness is of utmost importance at these events. Sri Mahaa Vishnu. Padma Samhita and Abhirbudhniya samhita (both samhitas are Paancharatra Agama texts).

planet Moon. Sri Sudharshana Azhwar is Sriman Narayanans Sankalap Shakti to wipe out all evils. planet Sani. Hindu astrologers have a great influence on human mind and therefore Navagraha worship and homa are considered even more important than focus on the main deity. planet Guru. They thought that the Earth was the center of the universe. which they divert to Sudarsana. like the actual value of the gravity of the Earth. But. and the Sun was moving around the Earth. He also discovered many things. nor Navagraha worship in Vishnu temples. and conducted many experiments. for they call everything as Graha which religious authors translate as planets. Planet Rahu and Planet Ketu are moving around the Earth influencing people on Earth. But Hindu astrologers based on Puranas say the Earth is still the in the center while planet Sun. Anyhow as the story goes Viswakarma left his work half done as we see all icons as half done. In Vaishnava belief Sudarsana is 1000 times more powerful than Sun. That is why it is a probably shown as a rod. Bhagavadgeetaa says supreme Being is 1000 times powerful than Sun. Vaishnavites feel Sudarsana is an amsa (part) of Vishnu as mentioned in Ramayana where Bharata is an incarnation of Sudarsana and Amsa of Vishnu who was born on account of the part of pudding from the same pot of Amrita which Kaikeyi consumed. planet Budha. telescopes. Planet Sukra.. There is neither Navagraha sanctum. I often wonder why Navagraha worship is confined to followers of Siva and Sakta worshipers and not found in Vaishnava tradition. This was called as GEOCENTRIC THEORY by Ptolemy. astrologers have a strong influence on private lives of Vaishnavas because of their beliefs in horoscope and influence of Grahas. Somehow Navagraha worship concept did not catch the imagination of Vaishnavites who always worship Aaditya. Therefore Sudarsana as rod may be the raw-material from which icon had to be sculpted. and put him in prison until his death. No doubt Sun and Moon have significant effect on humans as witnessed during eclipses. . Moon as a graha is also not worshiped in Vaishnava concept. Rahu and Ketu are purely mythological minor deities. So this worship could have been confined to Vedic deities Sun and Moon to avoid all controversies. GEO means Earth. Probably he had a pillar like material in stock out of which wanted to bring out Narasimha-Sudarsana icon.guard in Vishnu temples. He was charged by Catholic Churches that he was corrupting the minds of the people. It describes Viswaroopa as divisooryasahasrah. planet Kuja. In the early days. All the planets are moving on elliptical orbit while the Sun is at one of the focal points of the ellipse. and as the dispeller of ignorance and darkness. people worshipped Sun as God. The Sun was the center of the universe while all the planets were moving around the Sun. Then Copernicus discovered the ELLIPTICAL THEORY which is true even today. doubts and criticisms. the brightness of thousand blazing Suns. Then Galileo proposed HELIOCENTRIC THEORY.

I am unintelligent and blind to the way of the almighty. and the deity is Vishnu in the form Chakra as Devata (deity).Sudarsana Gaayatree Sudarsanaaya vidmahe mahaa jwaalaaya ddheemahi tanno chakrah prachodayaat | "Oh Sudarsana! The one with the blazing flames. and the deity is Vishnu in the form Chakra as Devata (Deity). the one who is equivalent to millions of suns. Meter (Chhandas) is Anushtup. "Om Kleem Krishnaaya Govindaaya Gopijana Vallabhaaya Paraaya Parama Purushaaya Paramaatmane Para Karma Mantra Yantra Tantra Oushada Astra Shastraani Samhara Samhara mrutyor mochaya mochaya. Om Namo Bhagavate Mahaa Sudarshanaya deepthrae Jwaalaa Parivrithaaya Sarva Dikshobhana Karaaya Hum phat Brahmane Paranjyotishe Swahaa” “Om Sudarsanaaya vidmahey Mahaa Jwalaya dheemahi tanno Chakrah Prachodayaat” . Meter (Chhandas) is Anushtup. May Sudarshana lead me to the almighty!” SUDARSANA-CHAKRA DHYAANA SLOKA Taaro Bhrigur-viyadbhooyas-tadaadyam vahnidheergayuk | Paavakah kavachastraanto manu sptaaksharah smritam || Ahirbubhudyo munih prokta-chchando-anushtu-budahritam | Devataa munibhih proktaa chakraroopee harih swayam || Kalpaantaarkaprakaasamtribhuvanam-akhilam tejasaa poorayantam Raktaakshm pingakesam ripulabhyadam bheemadamshtra-attahaasam | chakram sankham gadaabje prthu-tara-musalam chaapa-paasaankusaan bibhraanam dorbir-aadyammanasi muraripum bhavayed-chakra-sanjyam || Sudarsana Mantra Om sahsraara Phat | Ahirbudhyaana is the Rishi of this Mantra. SUDARSANA-MAHAAVISHNU DHYAANA SLOKA Avyaad-bhaaskara-sannibhaabhir-akhilaabhirdiso | Bheemaakshah ksharad-attahaasa-vikasad-damshtraapradeeptaananah| Dorbhis-chakradarau gadaabja-musalaams-traasaamscha Paasaankusau Bibhrat-pinga-siroruho-atha bhavatah chakraabhidhaano harih || Sudarsana Mantra Om Shasraara phat Ahirbudhyaana is the Rishi of this Mantra.

You are not attainable even by those with sharp intellect. You are enclosed in a very large cage of flames. who destroys the effects of all bad actions and who shows the different paths laid down in the Vedas for Jeevanmukti (liberation)—Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! Subha jagadrupa mandana sura gana traasa khandana | Sata-makha brahma vandita sata-pata brahma nandita | Prathita vidvat-sapakshita Jaya jaya Sri Sudarsana bhajata ahirbudhnya lakshita Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 2 || You adorn the sacred form of the Lord whose body is the whole world! You are the dispeller of the fears of hosts of Gods! Indra and Brahma pay their obeisance to You. who are the cause of the existence of the world. You are adorned by a multitude of weapons. who help people to come over the fear of rebirth. You are master in protecting your servants. You are glorified in Satapata BHrahmana of Vedas.Sudarsanaashtakam Pratibhata-sreni-bheeshana varaguna-sthoma-bhushana Jani bhaya-sthaana-taarana jagadavasthaana-kaarana | Nikhila-dhushkarma-karsana nigama-saddharma-darsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 1 || You who causes fear in the enemy circles. You are surrounded by weapons. Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! . who have numerous good attributes as ornaments. Hail! Hail! OH Sudarsana! Sphuta tatijjaala pinjara prithu-tara jwaala panjara | Parigata pratnavigraha patutara prajna durgraha Praharana graama mandita parijana traana pandita | Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 3|| You are gilded like the clear clusters of lightning. You treat as your kith and kin those learned people and you are visualized by Ahirbudhnaya (Siva addressed by that name in the Samhita).

Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Bhuvana netastrayeemaya Niravadhi svaadu chinmaya Amita viswa-kriyaamaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana savanna tejastrayeemaya nikhila sakte jaganmaya | samite vishvagbhayaamaya Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana . Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Pratimukhaaleedha prithu mahaa heti dantura Vikata maaya bahishkritha vividha maalaa parishkritha Prithu mahaayantra tantritha dhridha dayaa tantra yantrita Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You are fantastic in your leap forward. You have the qualities of para (spiritual) and Vyooha (emanations of Vishnu) glory. You yield easily to bonds of compassion! Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana Mahita-sampat-sadakshara Vihita-sampat-shadakshara Shadar-chakra-pratishthita sakala –tattva-pratishthita | Vividha –sankalpa-kalpaka vibudha-sankalpa -kalpaka Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You bestow the power to destroy Moha (illusion) to attain liberation (Moksha). Hail! Hailo! Sri Sudarsana! Danuja vistaara kartana Danuja vidyaa nikartana jani tamisraa vikartana | bhajat avidyaa nivartana | Amara drishta sva vikrama Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana samara jushta bhrami krama Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || You cut off the gangs of the demons. You remove the inherited ignorance of birth like Sun. You have caused the city of Hara(Kaasi) ablaze.Nija pada preetha sadgana nirupadhi spheeta shad guna Nigama nirvyudha vaibhava Hari haya dweshi daarana nijapara vyooha vaibhava | hara pura plosha kaarana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana Jaya Jaya Sri Sudarsana || 4 || You have with you good crowd devoted to your sacred feet. You are beyond the reach of all deceitful powers. You have the six good natural qualities in perfection and plentitude. You are surmounted by many a mighty weapons. You remove the ignorance of the devotees. You are adorned by a vaeiety of Garlands. You are embedded in a circle with a hexagon of six sides and are established in all entities as antaryamin or inner-self. all boon granting tree. You put an end the illusion created by demons. You like Kalpavriksh. Your six-lettered name grants honor and prosperity. Your valor is noticed by the divines and you are seen whirling around in the battlefield (helping the deserving). Your greatness is celebrated in Vedas. fulfil all wishes including the desires of even the divines. You are well seated in a great yantra motif on solid foundation. You have destroyed the enemies of Indra.

equipped with sixteen weapons. however difficult they may be to realize for the Good Lord Sudarsana will take care of them! Sudarsana in Shodasaayudha -stotram Swa-sankalpakalaa-kalpair-aayudhair-aayudhesvarah | Jushtah shodasabhir-divyair-jushataam vah parah pumaan || May that Supreme Lord of all weapons. bless you! Yadaayattam jagacchakram kaalachakram cha saasvatam | Paatu vas-tatparam chakram chakra-roopasya chakrinaah || May the magnificent discus of Lord Vishnu (Sudarsana). Hail! Hail! Sri Sudarsana! wichatushkam-idam prabhootasaaram pathataam Venkatanaayaka-praneetam Vishame-api manorathah pradhaavan na vihanyeta rathaangadhuryaguptah || Those who read this composition of eight hymns full of quintessential meaning composed by Vedanta Desika will have all his wishes fulfilled. You are the cause and effect of all activities in the world. With all your powers you pervade the entire Universe. who manifests himself as Chakra. who is the origin of birth for all weapons. equipped with sixteen divine weapons which are comparable to his thoughts. protect you! Astragraamasya kritsnasya prasootim yam prachakshate | So-avyaat sudarsano viswam aayudhaih shoedsaayudhah || May Sudarsana. cure for all diseases and remover of all kinds of fears. on which depend the wheel of the world and eternal Wheel of Time (kaalachakra). Aahavaneeya and Dakshina. Chandas is Gaayatree and the Devata is Sudarsana Narasimha] DHYAANA . protect the world! SUDARSANA -NARASIMHA Mantra -Om Sahasraarajwaalaavartine Kshreem hana hum phat swaahaa Taaram sahasraarajwaalaavartine Kshroum hanadvayam | Hrum phat swaahaa chonavimsavarno mantra udaahritah || Munirjayanta aakhyaatacchaando gaayatramuchyate | Sudarsana nrisimho asya devataa parikeertitah || [The rishi of this mantra is Jayanta.You are the acknowledged leader of all the worlds and the embodiment of the wisdom of all three Vedas. Your blissful knowledge is limitless. You are the kinds of sacred fires— Gaarhapatya.

K. Narasimhachary.. Anushtub as its meter and Vishnu in the form of Chakra as the Devata] DHYAANA Kalpaantaarka-prakaasam tribhuvanam-akhilam tejasaa poorayantam Raktaaksham Pingakesam ripuphulabhayadam bheema-damshtra-attahaasam | chakram sankham gadaabje prithutara-musalam chaapa-paasaankusaan vai bibhraanam dorbhir-aadyam manasi mura-ripum baavayec-chakra-sanjyam || MANTRA Om sahasraara phat | SUDARSANA MAHAAVISHNU Avyaad-bhaaskara-sannibhaabhir-akhila-abhirdiso Bhaasayan bheemaakshah ksharad-attahaasa-vikasad-damshtraa-pradeeptaananah | dorbhis-chakradarau gadaabja-musalaams-traasaamscha paasaankusau bibhrat-pinga-siroruho atha bhavatah chakraabhidhaano harih || REFERENCES: 1. Bengaluru. S. Sri Vedanta Desika Stotras. Kalpatharu Research Academy. Dr. Chennai.Chakraanaam tu sabhaamadhye kaalaagnisadrisaprabham | chaturbhujam vivrittaasyam chatuschakradharam harim | | taptakaanchanasankaasam trinetram chaadyavigraham | dhyaayet-samasta-dukhagnam taadrig lakshmyaa samanvitam || SUDARSANA CHAKRA Taaro bhrigur-viyad-bhooyas-tadaadyam vahnee-dheergayuk | Paavakah kavachaas-traanto manu sptaaksharah smritam || 1 || Ahir budhyo minih proktas-chchando anushtu-budaahritam | Devataa munubhih proktaa chakraroopee harih svayam || 2|| MANTRA OM Sahasraara Phat || [This mantra has Ahirbudhnya as its Rishi. Sripad Trust. Ramachndra Rao. Vishnu Kosha. Sringeri Sharada Peetham. India. India. . 2.

India. Lord Sudarshana's grace destroys all misfortunes and there are innumerable anecdotes in this regard. Chennai. I am happy to share a short and sweet hymn on Lord Sudarshana by a Gandharva called Durdama. Brahma Khanda. As we have seen many times before. 6. India 5. Devdutt Pattanaik. Balaji—Venkateshwara. APPPENDIX I Tvam Rudrastvam Vishnustvam Brahmatsvam (Courtesy Krishna Muralidharan Iyengar. As the last 4 stanzas of the hymn has reference to Chakra Tirtha. the hymn was presumably sung in Thirupullani. Varadaraja Perumal Temple in Kancheepuram. taken from Skanda Purana. Kamala Raghunathan. Srirangam Temple. Vishnu. Vakils. Feffer and Simons Pvt. USA. Thirumohoor in Madurai.3. Swami Vimalananda. Raghu & N. India. Saarngapaani Temple in Kumbhakonam. Singapore) As Sri Sudarshana Jayanthi falls on 26-Jun-2015 (Friday) (and on 26-July2015 according to some other traditions).a place where King Dasharatha was bestowed with divine nectar (Payasam/kheer) to get progeny and where Lord Rama prayed to Samudra Raja atop kusha grass to reach Sri Lanka. Chennai.. The Adi Jagannatha Perumal Temple in this place is one of the 108 Divya Desams and a very important site related to Ramayana. 4. Lord Sudarshana worship is not for the ordinary and one has to maintain certain minimum spiritual hygiene to qualify for this.e. Sudarshana Chakra was actually given to Lord Vishnu by Lord Shiva at his request. Ramakrishna Math. 7. Srinivasan Pamphlet on Sudarasana Mahaa Yajnam. India. Ltd. Mumbai.. Nashville. Mumbai.R. The reference to this . Hindu Gods and Goddesses. TN. Setu Mahatmya. a few temples are especially famous for Lord Sudarshana . Sri Ganesha Temple. Ramakrishna Math. Feffer and Simons Pvt. Mahanarayana Upanishad. Nanditha Krishnan. Ltd. etc. an important pilgrimage place near Rameswaram . Chapter 4.g. Though every Vishnu Temple is likely to have a Sannidhi for Lord Sudarshana. Swami Harshananda.

Durdama is said to have attained redemption from all his sins after worshipping Lord Sudarshana with this hymn and bathing in the holy water titled Chakra Tirtha in Setu (presumably Chakra Tirtha in Thirupullani near Rameswaram). Brahma Khanda. The Shaivite/Vaishnavite rivalry we see in greater Tamil Nadu of the medieval times is never to be seen in any purans and therefore must be a later day corruption .Srinivasan) .be it Shaivite or Vaishnavite in texture.R. The following is a rare hymn on Lord Sudarshana by Durdama taken from Skanda Puranam. Setu Mahatmya and Chapter 4.Chakra Bhairava.a politically motivated irrational exuberance. Linga Purana as well as Shiva Purana contains the Shiva Sahasranama created by Lord Vishnu for this purpose. But Saura Purana gives a different hymn. Durdama uvāca – Sudarśana namaste'stu viṣṇu-hastaika-bhūṣaṇa | namaste 'sura-saṁhartre sahasrādityatejase || 1 || Kṛpāleśenabhavatas tyaktvā 'haṁ rākṣasīṁ tanum | svarūpamabhajaṁ viṣṇoś cakrāyudha namo'stu te || 2 || Anujānīhi māṁ gantuṁ tridivaṁ viṣṇu-vallabha | bhāryāmepariśocanti virahātura cetasaḥ || 3 || Tvan manasko bhaviṣyāmi yāvaj jīvaṁ yathāhyaham | tathā kṛpāṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ mayi cakra namo'stu te || 3 || Cakrāyudha namāmi tvāṁ mahā'sura-vimardana | devī pattana paryantaṁ dharma-tīrthe hyanuttame || 4 || Sannidhānaṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ sarva-pāpa-vināśanam | tvat-sannidhānāt sarveṣāṁ snātānāṁ pāpināṁ iha || 5 || Pāpa-nāśaṁ kuruṣva tvaṁ mokṣaṁ ca kuru śāśvatam | cakratīrtaṁ iti khyātiṁ loke'sya parikalpaya || 6 || Tvat sannidhānādatratya munīnāṁ bhaya-nāśanam | itaḥ paraṁ bhavatvārya cakrāyudha namo'stu te || 7 || bhūta-preta-piśācebhyo bhayaṁ mā bhavatu prabho || 8 || || || Iti śrīskānde mahāpurāṇe brahma-khaṇḍe setu-māhātmye durdama-kṛta śrīsudarśana stotraṁ sampūrṇam || APPENDIX II Rudraaaya Vishnave Namah—Obeisance to Vishnu who is Rudra (N. There is also an opinion that Sudarshana Chakra is another form of Lord Bhairava .can be seen in many purans .

Chandogya Upanishad III.1 describes that the whole universe was hatched out of a golden egg (Hiranyagarbha) which lay a complete year before it brought forth offspring. Siva or Sakta) in Sandhyavandna all chant the name Achyuta. The Linga which is worshipped by the devotee of Siva and Salagraama worshiped by the devotee of Vishnu is but a handy replica or a convenient diminutive form of the universal semi-spherical emblem of the Unlimited (Supreme Being).19. the mantras focus on Vishnu and Siva. The word without the suffix Linga refers to Vishnu while one with Linga to Rudra Vaishnava texts of MNU explains only eleven of these Divine Names in the light of their philosophy and Yoga. Ananta and Govinda in Aaachamana though traditions interpret them to their convenience (see my 16-steps Pooja). appearing to us capping the earth on which we live. Perhaps this golden egg lend itself to be fancied as the visible symbol of the limitless all-inclusive Divine Reality into which the manifold universe was believed to be reabsorbed at the end.Whatever has been left over to be mentioned in respect of Upaasana (worship and meditation) Karma and Jnaana after the recital of Samhitaa and Braahmana is brought together in Mahaanaaraayan Upanishad (MNU) says Sayana. The spherical dome of heaven above. This wisdom contained in Vedas made Puranas later to think of praising Rudra and Vishnu together in hymns invariably in all the Puranas at some . may be likened to an enormous semisection of an egg containing the world. I would like to mention here two specific mantras from MNU: Namo Rudraaya Vishnave mrityurme paahi | Obeisance to Rudra who is Vishnu ! Guard me from death! Nidhanaaya namah | Nidhana-pataantikaaya namah | Oordhvaaya namah | Oordhva-lingaaya namah | Hiranyaaya namah | Hiranya-lingaaya namah | Suvarnaaya namah | Suvarna-lingaaya namah | Divyaaya namah | Divya-lingaaya namah | Bhavaaya namah | Bhava-lingaaya namah |Sarvaaya namah | Sarva-lingaaya namah | Sivaaya namah | Siva-lingaaya namah | Jwaalaaya namah | Jwaalalingaaya namah | Aatmaaya namah | Aatma-lingaaya namah | Paramaaya namah | Parama-lingaaya namah | Etath-soemasya sooryasya sarva-lingam sthaapayati paanimantram pavitram || By these twenty-two names ending with salutations. In the context of above text by Muralidhara Iyengar may I recall my remarks that irrespective their following (Vishnu. MNU is otherwise called Mantropanishad. The most popular Mantra of MNU describes supreme Being as: Om antascharati bhooteshu guhaayam viswa moortishu Rudrastavam Vishnustavam Brhmatvam prajaapatih | | tvam yajnastavam indrastvam Later in several mantras both Vishnu and Rudra are mentioned together for worship and prayers.

righteousness and knowledge. vyakta form of worship) as the World has all been created and the task of Srishthi was complete about which humans need not have to worry. In Hinduism.in/2015/06/sudarsana-chakra-and-sudarsana-yajna. It is a symbol of protection as the chakra has the power to destroy anything in its path with its razor sharp blades. dedicated to a particular form of the Supreme. evil and death.com/blog/sudarshana-chakra. Read More at http://www.ishtadevata.. Posted by Nadipuram Srinivasan at 6:50 AM "Panchajanya" (Conch) and the Sudarsana (chakra) to protect his devotees from danger.. According to mytholo.blogspot.html http://nrsrini. They never thought of Brahma for Moorti Upaasana (visible. The Linga and Salagrama are of Vyaktaavyakta (visible-invisible) form. Their focus was on Existence (Sthithi) and Extinction (Laya).html .place even though their focus was Siva or Vishnu or Devi. Its a sign of hope. This perhaps is the philosophy for not having temples for Brahma which they have nicely woven into a Purana Episode. the Sudarshana Chakra signifies something bigger.