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f (x) = 0

f (x) = 0

f (x)

Lineales

No lineales

Algebraicas

Racionales

Irracionales

T rascendentes ax + b = 0

=

3x1 = 2 + 3x1

9x

3

0 0 < x < 1

x √ 2.1−0.5x (1−x) √ 1.1−0.5x − 3.69 =
x
√ 2.1−0.5x
(1−x) √ 1.1−0.5x − 3.69 =

tg(x) = tgh(2x)

f (x) = 0

α

R R [a, b] R α

f (α) = 0

f (x) = 0

f (x) = e x x

f ( x ) = e − x − x f (0 . 57) =

f(x) = e x x

f (0.57) = e 0.57 0.57 = 0.0045

f (x) = 0 α α f (α) = 0

f ( a ) . f ( b ) < 0 ξ x i =

f (a) . f (b) < 0

ξ

x i = (a+b)

2

f (x i ) f (x i ) = 0 x i

f (a) . f (x i ) f (a) . f (x i ) < 0 x i x i

f (a) . f (x i ) f (a) . f (x i ) > 0 x i x i

| x i x i1 | < ξ x i

x

i

x 1 =

a+b

2

[a 1 , b 1 ] x 2 [a 2 , b 2 ] x 3 [a 3 , b 3 ] [a n , b n ]

b 1 a 1 =

b

b n a n =

a a 1 a 2

b b 1 b 2

a n y b n

ba

2

2

a 2 = b 2 a 2

2

= ba

4

= ba

2 n

b

a

lim a n n → ∞

|b n a n | ≤ ba

2 n

lim b n n → ∞

0

lim a n

lim b n

 

=

= α

n → ∞

n → ∞

a n b n f (α) 0

α α

x n = (a n1 +b n1 )

2

|α x n | ≤ b n1 a n1

2 n

= ba

2

n

ξ a

ξ a = | x i x i1

x

i

| . 100%

x i x i1 ξ a ξ a ξ

x n

f (x) = e x x 10 3

f (0) . f (1) < 0

ξ = 10 3

ξ x i = 0 . 5673828          

ξ x i = 0.5673828

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

 

( a, f ( a )) ( b, f ( b )) y − f

(a, f (a)) (b, f (b))

y f(a) = f(b)f(a) ba

(x 1 a)

x 1

x 1 = a

f (a)(ba)

f(b)f(a)

f (a) . f (b) < 0

ξ

x i = a f (a)(ba) f(b)f(a)

f (x i ) f (x i ) = 0 x i

f (a) . f (x i ) f (a) . f (x i ) < 0 x i x i

f (a) . f (x i ) f (a) . f (x i ) > 0 x i x i

| x i x i1 | < ξ x i

x

i

f (x) = e x x 10 3

f (0) . f (1) < 0

ξ = 10 3

10 − 3 f (0) . f (1) < 0 ξ = 10 − 3 ξ

ξ x i = 0.5672055

ξ

ξ n

ξ =

ξ n

n = log( ba

ba

2 n

) ξ
)
ξ

log(2)