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HDM-4 Inputs and Options

Speed Flow Type

Speed (km/hr)
S1
S2
S3

Sult
Qnom Qult

Qo
2

Flow
veh/hr

Traffic Flow Pattern


Flow Periods
Peak
Next to Peak
Medium flow
Next to Low
Overnight

Flow

Number of Hours in the Year


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Rise Plus Fall & Horizontal Curvature

Vertical Profile

Rise Plus Fall = (R1+R2+R3+F1+F2) / Length


(meters/km)

Horizontal Profile

Horizontal Curvature = (C1+C2+C3+C4) / Length


(degrees/km)
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Analysis by Sections or Project

Analysis by Section: Section alternatives are


defined for each section. The analysis determines
the optimum alternative for each section. NPV is
calculated for each section alternative. Analysis by
Sections supports neither new sections nor diverted
traffic.
Analysis by Project: A project is composed of many
sections. Project alternatives are defined indicating a
maintenance/improvement standard per section.
NPV is calculated for each project alternative (i.e. for
the group of sections). The analysis determines the
optimum alternative for the sections as a group.
Analysis by Project supports the analysis of new
sections and diverted traffic.
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Analysis by Sections Example


Road
Sections
Section A
Section B
Section C
Section D
Section E
Road
Sections
Section A
Section B
Section C
Section D
Section E

1 (base)
Routine
Routine
Routine
Routine
Grading

1
0
0
0
0
0

Definition of Section Alternatives


2
3
4
5
Resealing
Resealing
Overlay
Overlay Reconstruction
Widening
Resealing
Overlay
Widening Realignment
Regravelling
Paving
Section Alternatives Results
2
3
4
NPV A2
NPV B2
NPV B3
NPV C2
NPV C3
NPV C4
NPV D2
NPV D3
NPV D4
NPV E2
NPV E3

NPV D5

Each section is evaluated individually and can have any number


of alternatives. HDM-4 produces a NPV for each section
alternative that is used to find the optimal alternative per section.
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Analysis by Project Example 1


Road
Sections
Section A
Section B
Section C
Section D
Section E

Project

1 (base)
Routine
Routine
Routine
Routine
Grading

1
0

Definition of Project Alternatives


2
3
4
Resealing
Overlay Reconstruction
Resealing
Overlay Reconstruction
Overlay Reconstruction
Widening
Overlay
Widening
Realignment
Regravelling
Paving
Widening
Project Alternatives Results
2
3
NPV 2
NPV 3

4
NPV 4

Analyses road sections together as a package by considering


project alternatives as the unit for performing economic analysis.
HDM-4 produces a NPV for each project alternative.
7

Analysis by Project Example 2


Road
Sections
Section A
Section B
Section C
Section D
New Section

Project

Definition of Project Alternatives


1
2
3
Routine
Resealing
Resealing
Routine
Resealing
Resealing
Routine
Resealing
Resealing
Routine
Resealing
Resealing
Bypass X
Bypass Y
Project Alternatives Results
1
2
3
0
NPV 2
NPV 3

Analysis involving new sections and diverted traffic can only be


performed using the Analysis by Project method.
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Project, Programs & Strategies

Evaluates
Many
Roads
Users
Generates
HDM-4
or Road
Specify
Unconstrained
Option
Classes Standards
Program
Projects
Yes
- by Section
No
- by Project
Programmes
Yes
- by Section
Yes

Strategies

Yes

- by Section

Yes

Type of
Economic
Analysis
- Life-cycle

Budget
Constraints
Network
Optimization
None

- Life-cycle - Maximize NPV


- Multi-year
Forward
Programme
- Life-cycle - Maximize NPV
- Maximize dIRI
- Minimize costs
for target IRI

Use
Create
Existing New
Road Network
Network Matrix
Yes
No
Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Multi-year Forward Programme Evaluation

IRI

Budget Period
Deferred investment
Investment now

Benefits from Investment

Years
Budget period: for example 1, 2 or 3 years
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HDM-4 Version 2.0 Case Studies

HDM-4 Case Studies


Included

with HDM-4
Documented on Volume 2:
Application Guide

Windows Folders
Containing HDM-4
Workspace

C:\Program Files\HDM-4\Case Studies\Eng

World Bank Case Studies


Provided

by the World Bank

C:\HDM-4 Version 2.0 WB Case Studies 1.0


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HDM-4 Workspace

Contains the configuration and inputs

of an HDM-4 study
Can be copied from one computer to
another
Composed of two files:

OBJECTS.DAT
OBJECTS.IDX
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To Review an HDM-4 Study

Obtain the HDM-4 workspace

(OBJECTS.DAT and OBJECTS.IDX


files) created for the study
Copy the HDM-4 workspace files into
any folder on your computer
Run HDM-4 and open the workspace,
using the Open Workspace option and
then locating the folder in which you
have copied the workspace files
Open the HDM-4 study
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HDM-4 Version 2.0 Structure

Input
Data
Application Options
Data

Configuration
Data

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HDM-4 Folders

HDM-4 Folders

- HDM-4 folders resemble Windows Explorer folders, but


these are not actual Windows folders, they are
components of the HDM-4 Workspace.
- An HDM-4 Workspace is a Database that contains all
input, application options and configuration data
for a given study.
15

HDM-4 Workspace
Windows folder
where HDM-4
Workspace is
located
- There could be many HDM-4 Workspaces on a hard
disk, which are located on different Windows folders.
- An HDM-4 Workspace Database is composed of the
following files: OBJECTS.DAT and OBJECTS.IDX, which
can be copied from one Windows folder to another.

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HDM-4 Run Data Directory on Setup Run

HDM-4 Run Data


Directory

- The Run Data Export Directory is the Windows folder


that will store all the output files created by HDM-4 for an
HDM-4 run.
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HDM-4 Output File

HDM-4 stores all the output results

of an HDM-4 run on a single Access


file named RunData.mdb located
at the Run Data Export Directory.
Users can explore the output results
of an HDM-4 Run by importing the
output data stored on the
RunData.mdb file into Excel or a
Pavement Management System.

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Export and Import Options

Import or Export
to Access Files

You can export or


import each item of
information to or from
an Access file.

Access files are used to


connect HDM-4 with a
Pavement Management
System or Excel.
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Export and Import File Formats

Road Network Export File Format.pdf


Vehicle Fleet Export File Format.pdf
located on C:\Program Files\HDM-4 Version
2.0\Documentation\Eng
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Road Network Import Sample File

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