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# Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
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Date

General column design by PROKON.

C13

ACI 318 - 2011

750

## General design parameters:

X

X
250

750

500

250

Assumptions:
(2) The specified design axial loads include
the self-weight of the column.
(3) The design axial loads are taken constant
over the height of the column.

500

Given:
Lo = 1.000 m
fc' = 40 MPa
fy = 450 MPa
Ac = 357487 mm

Design approach:
The column is designed using the following procedure:
(1) The column design charts are constructed.
(2) The design axis and design ultimate moment are determined .
(3) The design axial force and moment capacity is checked on
the relevant design chart.
(4) The procedure is repeated for each load case.
(5) The critical load case is identified as the case yielding the lowest
safety factor about the design axis
Through inspection:

## Check column slenderness:

End fixity and bracing for bending about the Design axis:
At the top end: Condition 4 (free).
At the bottom end: Condition 1 (fully fixed).
The column is unbraced.
Effective length factor = 2.20
Effective column height:
k Lu = . Lo
= 2.2 1
= 2.200 m

## Column slenderness about weakest axis:

k Lu/r =
=

k Lu
r
2.2
.17286

= 12.727

Table 3.21

Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Checked by

Date

## Minimum Moments for Design:

Check for mininum eccentricity:
Check that the eccentricity exceeds the minimum in the plane of bending:
10.10.6.5
eminx = 0.015 + 0.03 . h
= 0.015 + 0.03 .6
= 0.0330 m
10.10.6.5
eminy = 0.015 + 0.03 . b
= 0.015 + 0.03 .6
= 0.0330 m

Mminx = eminx. N
= .033 0
= 0.0000100 kNm

## Check if the column is slender:

kLux/r = 12.7 < 22 = 22
The column is short.

Initial moments:
The initial end moments about the X-X axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 150.0 kNm
The initial end moments about the Y-Y axis:
M1 = Smaller initial end moment = 0.0 kNm
M2 = Larger initial end moment = 0.0 kNm

10.10.1
10.10.1

Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

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Pu = 0.0 kN

5.8.9 2)

Mx=150.0 kNm
Mxmin=0.0 kNm

Mxbot=150.0 kNm
Initial

Design

5.8.9 2)

## Moments about Y-Y axis( kNm)

My=0.0 kNm
Mymin=0.0 kNm

Mybot=0.0 kNm
Initial

Design

Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Checked by

Date

## Design of column section for ULS:

The column is checked for applied moment about the design axis.
Through inspection: the critical section lies at the bottom end of the column.
The design axis for the critical load case 2 lies at an angle of 180.00 to the X-axis
The safety factor for the critical load case 2 is 1.83
For bending about the design axis:

## Bending moment (kNm)

Moment distribution along the height of the column for bending about the design axis:
The final design moments were calculated as the vector sum of the X- and Y- moments
of the critical load case. This also determined the design axis direction
At the top, Mx = 0.0 kNm
Near mid-height, Mx = 90.0 kNm
At the bottom, Mx = 150.0 kNm

1000

900

800

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0.00

-100

-200

-300

0 kN

150 kNm

-500

-400

-500

-600

-700

-800

-900

-1000

7000
6500
6000
5500
5000
4500
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
1000
500

## Moment max = 891.8kNm @ 3948kN

Interaction Diagram

Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
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Date

Stresses at the bottom end of the column for the critical load case 2

750

500

180.0
D
X

D
X

250

750

500

250

## Summary of design calculations:

Design table for critical load case:
Moments and Reinforcement for LC 2:
Middle

Bottom

Top

(kNm) 0.0

0.0

0.0

(kNm) 0.0

0.0

0.0

Mx

(kNm) 0.0

-90.0

150.0

My

(kNm) 0.0

0.0

0.0

Mmin

(kNm) 0.0

0.0

0.0

90.0

150.0

Design axis ()

90.00

180.00

180.00

Safety factor

1.00

3.05

1.83

(mm) 2513

2513

2513

0.70 %

0.70 %

3575

3575

Asc

Percentage
AsNom

0.70 %

(mm) 3575

## Design results for all load cases:

Axis

N (kN)

X-X
Y-Y

500.0

M1 (kNm)

0.0
0.0

M2 (kNm)

-150.0
0.0

Mi (kNm)

-90.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

Design

M (kNm)

M' (kNm)

Safety
factor

Bottom

150.0
0.0

150.0

5.539

Job Number

Sheet

Job Title
Software Consultants (Pty) Ltd
Internet: http://www.prokon.com
E-Mail : mail@prokon.com

Client
Calcs by

Axis

N (kN)

X-X
Y-Y

0.0

Checked by

M1 (kNm)

0.0
0.0

M2 (kNm)

-150.0
0.0

Mi (kNm)

-90.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

Date

Design

M (kNm)

M' (kNm)

Safety
factor

Bottom

150.0
0.0

150.0

1.831