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Confidential

Unit 042/043 CCR/CCRR


(Continuous Catalyst Reforming)
June, 2016
Technical Division
Engineering Section
Presented by: Nguyen Trung Kien

Table of contents

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Introduction
Outline of CCR/CCRR
Feedstock and Product Properties
Catalyst
Platforming Reactions
Process Variables
Regeneration Principles
Simple PFD

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1. Introduction

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LPG

Refinery Fuel
LPG Blender

Unit Capacity: kBD

Propane
1,900kl x 3

LPG
Butane
Treater

Light
Reformate

3,000kl x 3

(6.5)
Wild
Naphtha
LPG
Naphtha

FRN

LRU

TPGM

(2,413kTA) 17,500kl x 2

(54)
DHN

Including
LPG Treater

SK

NHDS DLN No Tank

Crude

CDU

No Tank

Kerosene

Aromatic 9,000kl x 1
Gasoline

Isomer
(14)

(40)

JGC

Butane

Gasoline
95 RON
51,000kl x 2

SK

(10)

4,300kl x 6

51,000kl x 2

13,000kl x 2

10,000kl x 2

Alkylation

Diesel

DSGO

JGC LPG

RHDS
80,000kl x 2

JGC
C3s

Treater

(105)
DSAR

RFCC
HMU

SRU

TGTU

145 kTA

3x320 t/d

2x640 t/d

80,000kl x 2

Specification : EURO-4 equivalent

(80)

45,000kl x 3

DSGO

SK

Regular
Diesel

44,000kl x 2

PPU
3,000kl x 6

Premium
Diesel

Polypropylene

(400kTA)

JGCLFG

LFN

JGC

(60)
Propane

PRU
(20)

(43)

Diesel Blndr

GO-HDS

LCO

19,500kl x 2

CYD

AR

10,500kl x 3
10,500k x 1

SK
13,330kl x 3
(LGO, LCO)

14,000kl x 3

Jet

KHDS
(20)

Gas Oil

Slop

Gasoline
92 RON

Mgas Blndr

(200)
120,000kl x 8

Benzene
10,000kl x 2

TPGM

CCR
C4s

(31)

Heavy
Reformate 9,000kl x 1

TPGM

14,000kl x 1

14,000kl x 3

Aromatics

SP

Reformate 13,000kl x1

ParaXylene

SK
9,000kl x 1

SK

MIX-LPG

4,500kl x 2

Treater (24)

HFN

10,500kl x 2

Utility
Fuel
Fuel Oil

11,000kl x 2

CLO
6,500kl x 6

2. Outline of CCR/CCRR
-

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Feedstock: Heavy Naphtha from NHDS


Capacity: 39,700 BPSD
Turn down: 50% of design capacity
Design: UOP
Heavy Naphtha
from NHDS

PSA Tail Gas


To HMU

Pure H2
CCR

To PENEX
and HCDS
To NHDS

H2
To LRU
LPG

Xylene
Reformate Unit

3. Feed and Product Properties

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Volume Conversion in Platforming

Aromatic: Pass essentially unchanged through the reactors


Naphthenes:
- Almost complete conversion to aromatics, above 90 RONC
- Cyclohexanes easier to convert than cyclopentanes
Paraffins:
- Some conversion to aromatics
- Some isomerization to more highly branched isomers
- Some cracking
- Many remain in product as paraffins

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4. Catalyst

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4. Catalyst

NSRP Ctalyst
R-264

(m3)
(m3)
(m3)

(m3)

5. Platforming Reactions
Naphthene Dehydrogenation

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5. Platforming Reactions
Naphthene Isomerization

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5. Platforming Reactions
Paraffin Isomerization

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5. Platforming Reactions
Paraffin Dehydrocyclization

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5. Platforming Reactions
Hydrocracking

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5. Platforming Reactions
Demethylation

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5. Platforming Reactions
Aromatic Dealkylation

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5. Platforming Reactions
5

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4
3
6
5

1 Naphthene Dehydrogenation

5 Hydrocracking

2 Naphthene Isomerization

6 Demethylation

3 Paraffin Isomerization

7 Aromatic Dealkylation

4 Paraffin Dehydrocyclization

6. Process Variables

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NSRP Lean Feed Case

Feed P/N/A

(WT%)

64.3 / 23.2 / 12.4

Feed rate (bpd)

39657

LHSV

2.48

(1/h)

H2/HC

3.15

Rx1/2/3/4. Press. (Kg/cmg)

4.94 / 4.36 / 3.91 / 3.4

Sep. Press. (Kg/cmg)

2.41

Recontact Press (Kg/cmg)

28.27

Catalyst Type

R-264

C5+ RONC

105.1

Rx Inlet Temp. (oC)

549

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6. Process Variables

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Independent

Dependent

Catalyst type

Catalyst activity

Space velocity

Catalyst selectivity

Feed composition

Catalyst stability

Feed additives
Reactor temperature (WAIT,
WABT)
Reactor pressure

H2/HC ratio
Increasing
Reactor Press.

LHSV
H2/HC
Feed Distillation
EP
Reactor Inlet
Temp.
% Napthenes and
Aromatics in Feed

Selectivity

Activity

Stability

7. Regeneration Principles

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CCR Catalyst Regeneration Loop

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Main Control:
Regeneration tower
Catalyst Flow

8. Simple flow sheet


FEED

PRODUCT

HN

4,660

REFORMATE

total

4,660 total

t/d

82
0.5
158

32

MPa

59.7t/hr
HP STM

158
162
17
240
4,083
4,660

PSA TAILGAS

Pure H2
H2 toNH
LPG

377

482

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316

RELIEF H/D

A502

NNF

5.1
422

STEAM DISENGAGING DRUM

V611

A501
(PSA)

478

to HMU

82
2.45
162

RELIEF H/D
NNF

STACK

529

PSA H2 to PENEX

157t/d
Pure H2

R101

PSA H2 to HCDS
CONT.
BLOW

529

158

NNF

V501
PSA FEED
KO DRUM

H2

NET GAS
CHLORIDE TREATERS

P611A/B
FLUE GAS

R103

A-401

489
6,113 HP BFW

529

0.24
2,515

94
6,154

518

H103

H102

106

47

0.52

2.8

K201

K101

100

NET GAS
COMPRESSOR
2nd STAGE

201

FUEL GAS

E102

V203
3,318

RECONTACT
DRUM

V101
SEPARATOR

HN

1,454
4,660
0.9

40
1,910

SECOND STAGE
DRUM

HC
NNF

From Naph.SPL

E201

202

FIRST STAGE
DRUM

REACTOR PURGE
EXCHANGER

CWR

K201

NET GAS
COMPRESSOR
1St STAGE

RECYCLE
COMPRESSOR

H101

6,143

AC203

AC202

AC201

RECOVERY
PLUS SYSTEM

AC101

E101
H104

CATALYST

Make Up H2 to NH

495

529

REDUCTION GAS

17t/d

17

V204A/B

R102

R104

158t/d
PSA TAIL GAS

TAIL GAS
COMPRESSOR

3,786

3,910

P101A/B

371

94

4,694

P111A/B
SULFIDE INJ.PUMP

CCR Regenerator Section043


043-V103
DISENGACING
HOPPER
043-H102
REDUCTION GAS
HEATER No.2

N2

STM
E103

ATM
138

N2

043-F102
DUST
COLLECTOR

138

REGENEATION VENT
to HEATER

STM
043-E102
BOOSTER GAS
HEATER

1,286
302

V108

17

477

043-H104
AIR HEATER

V301
CHLORIDE
TREATER

240t/d
LPG

BFW

ATM

Y103

2.2
240

301
A/B

V109
LOCK
HOPPER

A101
AIR
DRIER

043-K101
SPENT CATALYST
LIFT GAS BLOWER

CHLORIDE
TREATER

V110

INST
AIR

177

LPG to MEROX

30

V301

565
043-A102
RESIDUAL
CONTAMINANT
REMOVAL SYSTEM

E104

043-P101
CHLORIDE
INJ. PUMPS

043-E101

043-Y101

043-F104
DUST
COLLECTOR

163

510

043-H101
REDUCTION GAS
HEATER No.1

40

E302
1

ATM
043-R101
REGENERATION
TOWER

CWR

V106

ATM

043-K103
REGENERATION
BLOWER
STM

E105

61
1.24

043-K106
FINES REMOVAL
BLOWER

043-K102
FINES REMOVAL
BLOWER

HP STM

C301

043-K105
REGEN CATALYST
LIFT GAS BLOWER

DEBUTANIZER

233
INTERMEDIATE STORAGE

E303A/B
E301

74
4,083

AC301

4,083t/d
REFORMATE
To XYLENE FRACTIONATION UNIT

5t/d

Thank you for your attention !

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