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1.

In a political survey of 500 people, a researcher obtained the geographic locations and

opinions shown. What is the probability of being from NB or voting YES or both?

LOCATION

NB

BC

NS

VOTE

YES

160

40

25

NO

40

160

75

2.

School A has mean grade of 80 on an entrance exam with s = 5. School B has a mean

grade of 70 with s = 10. The scores in each school are normally distributed. What

percentage of students in school B do better than the average student in school A?

3.

Fingerprints vary on many dimensions, including the number of ridges. The distribution

for number of ridges is normal with a mean of 165 and standard deviation of 10.

Approximately what proportion of the population would be expected to have a ridge count

greater than 191?

4.

An experimenter finds that a sample of 100 workers have a mean income of $30,000 with a

standard deviation of 4,000. He is 68% sure that the mean income of the population is

between:

5.

It is known from experience that 20% of all people who get a certain mail-order catalogue

will order something. If 4 people get the catalogue, find the probability that 2 will order

something.

6.

For

X1 = 1

Y1 = 4

X2 = 2

Y2 = -2

( X2)+( Y)2=

7.

The probability is .70 that a rare tropical disease will be treated correctly. If it is treated

correctly, the probability is .90 that the patient will be cured. If it is not treated correctly,

the probability is only .40 that the patient will be cured. What is the probability that a

patient having this disease will be cured?

8.

Five students write an exam. Four of them report their deviation scores to be 1, 3, -1 and 5.

The fifth wont talk about the exam. Without knowing the mean, can you calculate the

fifth deviation score and the variance of the raw (not deviation) scores? If so, perform the

calculation. If not, use the formula for variance to explain.

9.

You are registered for a course where studying has no effect on grades, which are assigned

completely at random. If the probability of studying is .1 and the probability of passing

with at least a B is .6, whats the probability that you study or pass with at least a B?

10.

An instrument measures anxiety in students on a scale of -50 to +50. This class has a mean

of 8 and a standard deviation of 2. Your deviation score is 5. During summer for reasons

that are inexplicable, the scores of everyone in class were multiplied by -3. What would be

the new class mean and variance? What would be your new deviation score? What would

be your old and new standard scores?

11.

Calculate the mean and variance for X, where X is number of weekend study hours.

X

9 11

68

35

10

10

20

12.

A deck consists of ten cards numbered 1 through 10. In a game, you pull one card at a

time, replacing the card after each draw. You win if the third 4 appears on the fifth draw.

That is, you must get two 4s in the first four draws and then get another 4. Whats the

probability of winning?

13.

A regression line predicting exam grade from the time it takes to write the exam has an

equation Y = 1 X + 5. What, if anything, do you know about the correlation between

exam grade and writing time? What do you not know?

For the same problem, if you are given s2y = 3, and s2y.x = 1, does this improve your ability

to calculate r? Show the calculation or explain.

14.

During four consecutive years of operation, a companys gross income from sales was 1, 2,

2 and 3 million dollars. For those four years, the correlation between sales income and

number of years in operation is:

15.

A statistician who was about to buy a dog conducted a study on the relationship between

the size of dogs measured in pounds and scores on a canine halitosis scale where high

scores indicate bad breath. Ten neighborhood dogs were included in the survey and the

data are tabled below:

a) Calculate the correlation between size and halitosis.

b) Calculate the regression equation to predict halitosis from size. Table dependent and

independent variables, estimates and residuals.

c) Calculate the standard error of estimation. How much of the variability in halitosis can

be accounted for by the size of the dog.

d) The statistician decided to purchase a dog with an expected adult weight of 80 lbs.

Estimate the halitosis score for this dog and discuss the limitations of this estimate.

Size

5

15

30

20

40

35

45

30

40

10

16.

Halitosis

40

65

85

30

100

60

70

45

85

10

HIGHEST

DEGREE

Bachelors

Masters

Doctorate

Other

STATUS

Engineer

Scientist

.343

.289

.098

.146

.017

.091

.013

.003

.471

.529

What is the probability that a person chosen at random from this group:

a)

b)

c)

d)

has a doctorate?

is a scientist and has a doctorate?

is an engineer or has a doctorate?

has (only) a bachelors given that the person is a scientist?

.632

.244

.108

.016

17.

The Nielsen Report shows the mean weekly TV viewing time for children of ages 2 - 5

years as being 27 hours. Assume this viewing time is normally distributed with a standard

deviation of 6 hours. Then

a) 95% of such children watch between ______ and ______ hours of TV per week.

b) ______% of such children watch less then 30 hours of TV per week.

18.

In the following table are annual starting salaries of 8 randomly selected accounting

graduates and 10 graduates in liberal arts. Data are given in thousands of dollars rounded

to the nearest hundred.

24.9

23.4

Accounting

20.4

23.3

25.3

26.8

20.9

22.6

20.0

18.7

16.8

23.8

Liberal Arts

21.3

20.6

18.3

17.7

21.0

18.0

graduates and liberal arts graduates on annual starting salaries.

b) Perform a test of homogeneity of variance. Write a short summary of the study stating

the purpose, variables, used, test statistics and conclusions.

19.

A golf magazine conducted a study to compare the driving distances for two brands of golf

balls. Ten professional golfers drove one ball of each brand and recorded their distances in

yards. Is there evidence of a difference?

Pr

o

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Brand A Brand B

283

268

287

249

290

297

257

235

316

317

287

272

305

240

293

282

257

241

324

310

20.

A statistical process control expert wants to know whether the diameters of bolts produced

by a machine are normally distributed. He takes a random sample of 265 bolts and finds

that the mean is 10.00 mm and s = .10 mm. The frequency distribution is as follows:

Diameter

under 9.8

9.8 under 9.9

9.9 under 10.0

10 under 10.1

10.1 under 10.2

10.2 and over

Observed frequency

8

42

112

97

3

3

Can the expert conclude that the bolts are not normally distributed?

21.

A professor wants to compare the effectiveness of two texts in teaching statistics. The

choice of text left to the students. The information below represents the student faculty

(Arts or Science), text (Old or New) and final grade for a sample of 20 students.

Faculty

A

A

S

A

S

A

S

A

A

A

Text

O

O

O

O

O

N

N

N

N

N

Grade

75

71

65

71

69

68

29

66

35

61

Faculty

A

S

A

S

A

A

A

S

A

S

Text

O

O

O

O

O

N

n

N

N

N

Grade

65

82

76

88

67

67

65

62

24

60

Did the students differ in final grades according to faculty ?

Did the students differ in final grades according to which text they used?

Write a short paragraph summarizing your findings.

22.

A survey was sent to the TAs in a Psychology Department asking how much time they spent

on TA activities in an average week. The responses were as follows, rounded to the nearest

hour (some TAs do not teach):

6 hrs.

12 hrs.

13 hrs.

13 hrs.

14 hrs.

12 hrs.

2 hrs.

4 hrs.

13 hrs.

14 hrs.

6 hrs..

16 hrs.

7 hrs.

2 hrs.

1 hr.

b) Calculate the range, mean deviation and standard deviation of the ungrouped data.

c) Calculate the deviation score and the standard score for a student who spends 10 hours

on TA activities.

d) The Department assumes that TAs spend no more than 10 hours per week on TA

activities. Test the hypothesis and make a brief report.

23.

In a recent evaluation of an advanced statistics text, students were asked to rate the text on a

scale of 1 (poor) to 10 (excellent). Scales such as this are often treated as interval data. The

distribution of scores is tabled below:

Rating

9 - 10

7-8

56

34

12

f

42

31

16

7

4

a) From the grouped data, calculate the mean, median, variance and standard deviation.

b) What is the rating for a student whose standard score is about -2.5?

c) If we changed the rating scale so that it went from 0 - 9 instead of 1 - 10, that is we

subtracted 1 from each rating, how would this change the values for the statistics in (a)? If

we changed the rating scale by multiplying each rating by two, how would this change the

values for the statistics in (a)?

24.

One of my students made the claim that a course can be good even when the instructor is

not. I think that the two are related to some extent. Here is a set of data on class averages

from a course evaluation, based on a 0 - 100 scale.

Rate course (low=poor)

82

66

64

70

80

54

92

78

74

80

82

76

68

90

48

78

78

70

80

72

a) Calculate the correlation (coefficient) for this set of data and test its significance.

Comment on what this reveals about the relationship between course and instructor ratings.

25.

Prepare a frequency distribution with a class interval of 5. Show also the cumulative

frequency distribution and cumulative percentage frequencies.

The following are

hypothetical scores made by students on a multiple choice examination:

87

85

82

78

77

60

60

60

60

60

76

75

74

74

74

59

59

59

59

59

73

72

71

71

70

58

58

58

58

57

70

69

69

68

68

57

57

57

56

56

67

67

67

66

66

56

55

55

55

54

66

65

65

65

64

54

54

53

53

53

64

64

63

63

63

52

52

51

51

50

63

62

62

62

62

50

49

49

48

37

61

61

61

61

61

46

46

46

45

44

60

60

60

60

60

43

42

38

35

33

26.

Class Interval

70-79

60-69

50-59

40-49

30-39

20-29

10-19

1

20

Obtain

27.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

the midpoints of the intervals

the cumulative frequencies

the arithmetic mean

the variance

A class has a mean grade of 65 with a variance of 4. You obtain a grade which corresponds

to a standard score of -1. What is your grade?

A class has a mean grade of 70 with a standard deviation of 10. Your grade corresponds to

a deviation score of 2. What is your grade?

28.

a) In rolling a single die what is the probability of obtaining either a 4 or a 6?

b) In drawing a card from a well shuffled deck, what is the probability of obtaining either

king or a club?

c) In rolling two dice what is the probability of obtaining either a 7 or an 11?

d) In tossing a coin what is the probability of obtaining HHHHT in that order in five tosses?

e) Given a well shuffled deck of 52 cards what is the probability in drawing four cards, of

drawing an ace, king, queen and jack of the same suit in that order?

29.

a)

b)

c)

d)

In tossing 6 coins what is the probability of obtaining 4 or more heads?

In tossing 10 coins what is the probability of obtaining no heads?

In rolling three dice what is the probability of obtaining no sixes?

30.

Write down the expected distribution of heads in tossing six coins 64 times. What is the

mean and standard deviation of this distribution?

31.

Assume that the distribution of Intelligence Quotients is normally distributed with a mean of

100 and a standard deviation of 15 What proportion of people might be expected to have

IQs (a) above 115, (b) below 130, (c) between 90 and 110, (d) between 110 and 120, (e)

either above 130 or below 120?

32.

A variable is normally distributed with a mean of 100 and standard deviation of 20.

a) What percentage of the values is larger than 80?

b) If 100 is added to every value, state the mean, median and standard deviation of this new

variable.

c) If every value is multiplied by -2, state the mean and standard deviation of the new

variable.

d) If random samples of size N = 4 were drawn from the original population, what would be

the mean and standard deviation of the distribution of sample means?

33.

The following are data for scores for a sample of males and a sample of females on the same

test:

Males

50

s

10

N

100

Test to see whether males and females differ.

Females

60

15

200

34.

Use the normal distribution to approximate the probability of obtaining 15 or more heads on

tossing 50 unbiased coins.

35.

The following are paired observation on number of mistakes (X) and number of practice

trials (Y).

X

1

2

3

4

5

Y

2

1

4

3

5

Test to see if there is a significant relationship between # of mistakes and # of trials.

36.

Consider a small population of numbers from 1 to 5. Write down the theoretical sampling

distribution of means of samples of size 3. Note that there are 10 equally probable samples.

37.

Error scores on a learning task for nine rats who have taken alcohol are 13, 12, 11, 11, 11, 9,

8, 8, and 7. The scores for three rats who have not taken alcohol are 8, 5, and 5. Higher

scores reflect less learning. Perform a test of significance of the difference between the

means of the two groups, to determine if alcohol impairs learning.

38.

Given the following observations representing the number of errors made by 5 students

before and after a conference

Before

After

12

8

13

10

15

5

16

9

19

8

5

2

8

4

B = 15.0

A = 8.0

39.

Test 1

Test 2

1

8

2

5

4

1

Test to see if a significant relationship between the scores on the 2 tests exists. Comment.

40.

A class of 100 students obtains a mean test score of 75 with a variance of 25. Can you show

that they performed significantly better than the (population) average of 65?

41.

Four coins are tossed 64 times resulting in the following distribution of heads. Can you

show that the coins are biased?

42.

Heads

4

3

2

1

0

f

0

20

28

16

0

An experiment was done in which subjects were asked to indicate their preference for the

aromas of two brands of coffee. When the judgments were classified according to the sex of

the subject and the brand of coffee, the following table was obtained:

Coffee

Sex

Brand A

Brand B

Male

9

21

Female

29

21

Do the sexes differ in their choice of coffee brand?

43.

A test has a standard deviation of 15 when a group of twenty women is tested and has a

standard deviation of 10 when a group of twenty men is tested. How would you go about

finding out if men are less variable than women?

44.

Study Time

Pass

15

12

3

30

Grade

Fail

5

20

8

20

17

20

30

How many degrees of freedom are associated with the test statistic?

45.

The following table shows the dominant hand and eye for each of 20 subjects

Eye

Hand

Right

Left

Ambidextrous

Right

7

1

2

10

Left

1

7

2

10

8

8

4

20

46.

A 20-point midterm test results in grades which are normally distributed with a mean of 13 and

standard deviation of 3. The professor has decided that 15% of the class will get As, 30% will get

Bs, 30% will get Cs, 15% will get Ds and 10% Fs. What would be the minimum and maximum

scores required for each of these grades?

47.

You want to call a friend on the phone. You remember the first 3 digits of the phone number but

have no recollection of the last 4 digits. Whats the probability of getting the right number just by

guessing? What would the probability be if you knew that each of the 7 numbers occurred just

once?

48.

A student is taking a multiple choice exam with 5 possible answers for each question. If the

student guesses (completely at random) on 32 questions, what is the probability that shell get 18

or more of them correct?

49.

A researcher investigates the relationship between smoking and illness. Tabled are the number of

cigarettes smoked per day and days absent from work over the past year.

a) Find the correlation between cigarettes smoked and days absent.

b) Eliminate the data for the last 3 subjects and recalculate r. What effect have you found and how

would you explain it?

c) In each case, what percent of the variance have you explained? Of what use is this value?

Cigarettes Smoked

0

0

0

10

13

20

27

35

35

44

53

60

50.

Days Absent

1

3

8

10

2

14

2

6

12

16

10

16

The new psychology course evaluation, in a class of 150 students, asks each student to report how

many hours a week they study. According to the responses, students average 15 hours a week with

a standard deviation of 5 hours. Construct the 95% confidence interval for the population mean.

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