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simulation of transient heat transfer

in 2D free-form objects

PHYSIBEL

Introduction
The Physibel program BISTRA allows simulations of transient heat
transfer in 2D free-form objects.
This slide show highlights
how to solve a 2D transient problem using BISTRA
(with RADCON option)
useful application examples
- ground heat losses and frost insulation
- fire engineering steel-concrete floor
- fire engineering window frame
- harmonic analysis of walls
- temperature of heated & unheated rooms
- thermal effect of solar radiation on faades

Solving a 2D transient heat transfer


problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
The analysis of a fictitious problem shows the powerful performances of BISTRA.

Solving a 2D transient heat transfer


problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
Materials with non-linear thermal properties, phase change materials (PCM) and
an argon filled gas layer bounded by a low emissivity surface occur.

Solving a 2D transient heat transfer


problem using BISTRA
1. Problem definition
The water temperature in the tubes rises and a heat is released at the PCM border.
Non-linear convection and radiation occur.

Solving a 2D transient heat transfer


problem using BISTRA
2. Problem implementation: BISTRA program interface > windows
bitmap
colours
measures
borderline bcs
functions

2. BISTRA program interface

bitmap window

each colour corresponds to a material


or to a boundary condition

automatic filling of line drawing

drawing and fill tools available for


modifying the bitmap as in BISCO

2. BISTRA program interface

colours window

colour used in bitmap


material boundary condition type
specific standard rule, for example used to calculate the equivalent thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
constant or
temperature
dependent
function

global or convective surface coefficient

surface IR emissivity

temperature (global, air, radiant)

density
specific heat
constant or
temperature
dependent
function

heat source
constant or time function

constant or
time function

standard rule coefficients

2. BISTRA program interface

functions window

function graph view

parameter or file defined


functions

2. BISTRA program interface

measures window

0.5 m

size for automatic triangulation

2. BISTRA program interface

calculation parameters
start-up calculation duration allows
transient start condition

multiple iteration cycles for non-linear


problems

both linear and non-linear radiation


model with automatic view factor
calculation

recalculation of temperature dependent


quantities at each time step

3. BISTRA calculation results

graphic output window

3. BISTRA calculation results

graphic output window

3. BISTRA calculation results

graphic output window

3. BISTRA calculation results

graphic output window

3. BISTRA calculation results

animation output

BISTRA application example 1


ground heat losses and frost insulation
BISTRA allows transient thermal simulations according to
EN ISO 13370
Thermal performance of buildings - Heat transfer via the ground Calculation methods
EN ISO 13793
Thermal performance of buildings - Thermal design of foundations
to avoid frost heave

BISTRA application example 2


fire engineering steel-concrete floor
BISTRA allows fire engineering
simulations according to the
EUROCODES for structural calculations.
A fire curve (typically ISO 834) is
assumed at one side of the construction.
The simulation of the heat transfer by
radiation, convection and conduction
allows predicting the temperature
evolution in the construction.
Temperature dependent material
properties (steel, concrete, ...) are
considered.

15 min

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BISTRA application example 3


fire engineering window frame

BISTRA application example 4


harmonic analysis of walls

BISTRA application example 5


temperature of heated & unheated rooms

BISTRA application example 6


thermal effect of solar radiation on faades
For a south faade (double glazing,
aluminium frame, opaque insulation panel)
in Brussels the temperature distribution is
calculated, taking into account the solar
radiation transmitted through the glazing and
absorbed in the faade.

about 3D
The Physibel program VOLTRA allows simulations of transient heat
transfer in 3D objects described with rectangular blocks.
VOLTRA has the same basic simulation performances as BISTRA.
BISTRA data can be imported ! The bitmap pixels are treated as
small rectangular blocks.
Further information can be found on: http://www.physibel
.be/v0n2vo.htm

thank you for your attention !


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PHYSIBEL
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phone +32 50 711432
fax +32 50 717842
www.physibel.be
mail@physibel.be