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# Class

Sir Name

First Name

## KAFUMBWE BOARIDNG HIGH SCHOOL

End of Term 1 Examinations for Grade 12

5124/02

SCIENCE
Paper 2 Physics

## March/ April, 2009

1 hour 30 minutes

Write your name on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams, graphs, tables or rough working.
Section A
Section B
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

FOR EXAMINER
Section A
Section B

TOTAL

## This document consists of 9 printed pages

Natural Science Dept.
KBHS 2009

Page 1 of 18

Section A

5.0

6.0

7.0

8.0
cm

## What is the length of the nail?

A
2

1.3 cm

2.9 cm

5.2 cm

8.1 cm

A cyclist is riding along a road when an animal runs in front of him. The graph shows the cyclists
motion. He sees the animal at P, starts to brake at Q and stops at R.
speed

R
0

time

What is used to find the distance travelled after he applies the brakes?

S

5 km
10 km

5 km
10 km

P
R

A

10

hour B

km

20 km

/ hour C 30 km
/ hour D 60 km
/ hour
4

## A newton is a unit of force.

Which quantity is measured in newtons?

acceleration

density

mass

weight

## A student pours liquid into a measuring cylinder.

100
90

measuring
cylinder

80
70
60
50

liquid

40

digital
balance

30
20
10

The student records the volume of the liquid from the scale on the measuring cylinder. He then
puts the measuring cylinder containing the liquid on a balance and records the mass.
What else needs to be measured before the density of the liquid can be calculated?
A

## the volume of the empty measuring cylinder

The diagram shows four blocks, each made of glass of density 2.6 g / cm .
2

## The top of each block has an area of 1 cm .

Which block has a mass of 13 g?

15 cm

10 cm

5 cm
2 cm

A heavy beam is resting on two supports, so that there are three forces acting on it.
R1

R2

W
The beam is in equilibrium.
Which statement is correct?

## All the forces are equal in value.

The forces are in one direction and their turning effects are in the opposite direction.

The resultant force is zero and the resultant turning effect is zero.

## The total upward force is twice the total downward force.

The diagram shows sections of four objects of equal mass. The position of the centre of mass of

## each object has been marked with a cross.

Which object is the most stable?
A

A

hydroelectric

nuclear

tides

waves

## 10 A cyclist travels down a hill from rest at point X without pedalling.

The cyclist applies his brakes and the cycle stops at point Y.
X
hill
Y
Which energy changes have taken place between X and Y?
A

## gravitational potential kinetic internal (heat)

11 To prevent a cement mixer sinking into soft ground, the mixer is placed on a large flat board.
cement mixer
board

A

## D The large area increases the weight on the ground

12 The diagram shows a simple mercury barometer.

V
W

mercury

X
Y
Z
The atmospheric pressure increases.
Which distance increases?
A

VW

WY

XY

XZ

13 A gas cylinder is left outside on a sunny day. The Sun heats the gas inside the cylinder.
What happens to the gas molecules?
A

They expand.

## 14 Water spilled on the ground on a hot day evaporates.

Which diagram represents the change in arrangement of the particles in the water as it
evaporates?
A

15 A block of ice is heated until it has all melted. The water that is produced is then heated until it
boils.

Which line in the table states what happens to the temperature of the ice while it is melting, and
to the temperature of the water while it is boiling?
temperature of ice
while it is melting

temperature of water
while it is boiling

increases

increases

increases

increases

## stays the same

6 A thermometer with no scale is taped to a ruler as shown. When placed in steam, the mercury
level rises to 22 cm. When placed in pure melting ice, the mercury level falls to 2 cm.

cm
30
28
26
24
22
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

mercury

A

6 C

8 C

30 C

40 C

conduction

convection

## 18 A heating element is positioned in a narrow sealed tube of liquid.

What would be the best place to position the heating element in order to obtain the best

## circulation of the liquid through the tube?

B

liquid

19 In a ripple tank experiment, plane water-waves meet a straight barrier with a wide gap in it.

wave
motion

barrier
Which diagram shows the wave pattern beyond the barrier?
A

## What is the time on the clock?

A

1.25

1.35

10.25

10.35

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Section B
( Answer all questions in the spaces provided in this paper)
1

A person winds some thread tightly 4 times round the length of a metre rule and cuts the ends
off level with the left-hand end of the rule, as shown in Fig. 1.1.
ends
cut
off
here

1 m rule

Fig.
1.1
(a)

## To the nearest metre, what is the length of the thread?

.................. m [1]

(b)

Is the actual length of thread slightly greater or slightly less than your

slightly greater

slightly less

reason .......................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[1]
(c) Suggest the name of an instrument you would use to measure the field diameter of each
. [1]
2(a)

Two horizontal strings are attached to a soft rubber ball, as shown in Fig. 21

10 N

Fig.
2.1
A force of 10 N pulls on one string.
(i) The ball does not move. What is the value of the force F on the other string?
F = .............................. N
(ii) What change to the rubber ball do the two forces cause?
...................................................................................................................................
[2]
(b)

A garden pot containing soil weighs a total of 360 N. The pot rests on
three equally- spaced blocks, so that surplus water can drain out of the holes in
the base of the pot. The soil is uniformly distributed in the pot. The pot is shown
in Fig. 2.2.

Fig.
2.2
(i)

...............N

(ii)

## State the direction of these forces.

...................................................................................................................................

(iii) The gardener finds that the blocks sink into the ground, but he must have
the pot up on blocks to allow the drainage. What can he do to reduce
the sinking of the pot?
...................................................................................................................................

[3]
3

(a)

An unopened bottle of olive oil has a mass of 0.97 kg. The empty bottle
has a mass of 0.51 kg.
Calculate the mass of the olive oil.

0.97 kg

0.51 kg

Fig. 3.1

## mass of olive oil = .................................. kg

(b)

[2]

The olive oil is poured into three 250 cm3 measuring cylinders. The first two
cylinders are filled to the 250 cm3 mark. The third is shown in Fig. 3.2.

cm3
250

50

200
150
100
50

Fig.
3.2
(i) What is the volume of the olive oil in the third measuring cylinder?

## volume = .................................. cm3

(ii) Calculate the density of the olive oil in the unopened bottle.

Density = ..................................

Fig. 4.1 shows the speed/time graph for a journey travelled by a tractor.
speed
m/s

4
2

O
0

(a)

170
time / s

50
100

200

Fig.
4.1
Use the graph to describe the motion of the tractor during each of the marked
sections.
OP ..............................................................................................................................
......
PQ ..............................................................................................................................
......

QR

...................................................................................................................................
RS ..............................................................................................................................
[4]
(b) Which two points on the graph show when the tractor is stationary?
point ................. and point ................. [1]
(c) State the greatest speed reached by the tractor.
greatest speed = ................ m/s [1]
(d) For how long was the tractor travelling at constant speed?
at constant speed for ................... s [1]
(e) State how the graph may be used to find the total distance travelled during the 200
s journey. Do not attempt a calculation.
.................................................................................................................................... [1]
5

safety
rope

climber

Fig.
5.1
(a)

## To climb the rock face, the climber must do work.

Which force must the climber work against as he climbs? Tick one box.

air resistance
friction on the
rock his weight
tension in the safety rope
(b)

[1]

What other quantity, as well as the force ticked in (a), must be known in order to
find the work done by the climber?
......................................................................................................................................[1]

(c)

One climber weighs 1000 N and another weighs 800 N. They both take the same
time to climb the cliff.

## (ii) Which one has the greater power rating? .................................................................

[2]

(d)

When the first climber reaches the top, he has more gravitational
potential energy than he had at the bottom.

(i) What form of energy, stored in his body, was used to give him
this extra gravitational potential energy?
..................................................................................
(ii) Where did he get this energy from? ..........................................................................

(iii) Other than increasing gravitational potential energy on the way up, how else
was energy in his body used? State one way.
...................................................................................................................................

...................................................................................................................................
[3]
6

(a) State the two factors on which the turning effect of a force depends.
1. ......................................................................................................................................
2. ................................................................................................................................ [2]

## (b) Forces F1 and 2

F are applied vertically downwards at the ends of a beam resting on a
pivot P. The beam has weight W. The beam is shown in Fig. 6.1.
F

F1

W
Fig.
6 .1

F2

(i) Complete the statements about the two requirements for the beam to be
in equilibrium.
1. There must be no resultant ..................................................
2. There must be no resultant ..................................................
(ii) The beam in Fig. 6.1 is in equilibrium. F is the force exerted on the beam by
the pivot P.
Complete the following equation about the forces on the beam.

F = ....................................................
(iii) Which one of the four forces on the beam does not exert a moment about P?
...................................................
7

## A man is using an axe to chop down a tree, as shown in Fig. 7.1.

Fig.
7.1
(a) A short time after the axe hits the tree, the man hears a clear echo.
He estimates that the echo is heard 3 seconds after the axe hits the tree.
(i) Suggest what type of obstacle might have caused such a clear echo.
..................................................................................................................................

[4]

## (ii) The speed of sound in air is 320 m/s.

Calculate the distance of the obstacle from the tree.

## obstacle distance = ............................ m

[4]
(b) A branch from the tree falls into some shallow water in a pond nearby. The branch sets
up a wave. The wave moves to the left a distance of 3.0 m before hitting the side of a moored
boat and reflecting back again.

w
at
er
w
a
v
e
B

side
of
boat

3.0 m
A
Fig. 7.2

The wave takes 5.0 s to travel from AB to the boat and back to
AB. Calculate the speed of the water-wave.

## speed of wave = ......................... m/s [2]

8

Fig. 8.1 shows a pin in front of a plane mirror. The position of the image of the pin is also shown.
mirror
pin
image of pin

Fig. 8.1
Fig. 8.1 also shows a ray of light incident on the mirror.
(a) On Fig. 8.1, draw the reflected ray.

[2]

nor
mal
air

plastic

35
Fig.
8.2

## The angle of incidence is X and the angle of refraction is 35.

(i) State the equation used to calculate refractive index.

[1]
(ii) The plastic has a refractive index of 1.45.
Calculate angle X.

angle = [2]
9

A boy holds a long rope at one end and moves it sharply up and down to send waves along the
rope. Fig. 9.1 shows the waves moving along the rope.

Fig. 9.1
(a) Mark on the diagram
(i) the wavelength of the wave and label it ,
(ii) the amplitude of the wave and label it A.
(b) Explain how the boy changes the movement of his hand to
(i) increase the amplitude of the wave,

[2]

## (ii) increase the frequency of the wave.

[3]
(c) When a guitar string is plucked a sound is heard. Explain
how the sound is produced.

[2]

Section B
10 (a) Describe an experiment to determine the refractive index of glass in the form of a rectangular
block.
[5]
(b) (i) Draw a ray diagram to show how a thin converging lens may be used as a magnifying
glass.
(ii) State and explain whether the image produced in a magnifying glass is real or virtual. [5]

11 (a)

Describe an experiment to mark correctly the 0 C and 100 C positions on the stem of
a mercury-in-glass thermometer.

(b)
[5]

12

[5]

Describe and explain the reasons for the special features of a clinical thermometer.

(a) Draw a diagram to show a ray of light passing from air to glass.
Label the angle of incidence i and the angle of refraction r. Define refractive index for the
glass.

[4]

(b) Describe an experiment you would carry out to determine the refractive index of glass, given a
rectangular glass block. State the measurement you would make and show how you would
use them to calculate the result.

[6]