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DIVISIBILITY

Test of Divisibility:

1. Divisibility by 2: Units digit will be 0 or 2 or 4 or 8

2. Divisibility by 3: When sum of all the digits of the number is divisible by 3then the number is divisible by 3.

3. Divisibility by 4: Last two digits of the number is divisible by 4.

4. Divisibility by 5: Units digit will be 0 or 5.

5. Divisibility by 6: Number is divisible by both 2and 3.

6. Divisibility by 8: Last 3 digits of the number is divisible by 8.

7. Divisibility by 9: Sum of all the digits of the number is divisible by 9.

8. Divisibility by 10: Units digit will be 0.

9. Divisibility by 11: Difference of sum of digits at odd places and sum of digits at even places is 0or divisible by 11.

10. Divisibility by 7, 11, 13,17,19,23, 27 :

Make the multiples of these numbers close to the multiples of 10. Find the osculator based on the other factor of the tens multiple and find its sign. e.g. 7 , 10 and 21 is more than 20. So the osculator must be negative and the osculator is the other factor of 20 i.e. 2   1. Now checking for the divisibility 91 by 7
9-2
and 7 is divisible by 7 so 91 is
divisible by 7.
2. Check for the divisibility of 2366 by 13
divisible by 13. (Here ‘4’ is the positive osculator as 10
and clearly 260 is
)

3. Check for the divisibility of 323 by 17 . So 323 is divisible by 17.

11. If D is the divisor of numbers lying between N1 and N2, then the no. of numbers which are divisible by D is

a.

b.

c.

When no extreme is divisible by D then

When any one of the extreme is divisible by D then When both the extremes are divisible by D then  Divisibility Exercise

1. What is the largest possible two digit number by which 2179782 can be divided?

a.

88

b. 50

c. 66

d.99

From the options we first check for the divisibility by 11

2+7+7+2=18, 1+9+8=18 so the difference is 0and hence number is divisible by 11

Now we check for the divisibility by 9

2+1+7+9+7+8+2=36 and 36 is divisible by 9 and hence the number is divisible by 9

The number is both divisible by 9 and 11 so it is divisible by So, the largest possible two digit number by which 2179782 can be divided is 99.

The largest possible two digit number is 99 after that we get 100 which is a 3 digit

number.

2. At least which number must be subtracted from 9999999 so that it will become the multiple of 125?

a.

124

b. 4

c. 24

d. None

To be a multiple of 125, the last 3 digits of the number must be divisible by 125.

125, 250, 375, 500, 625, 750, 875, 1000

So, the number must be 9999875 and 999-875=124 which is the required answer

3. A number of the form number when: -1

a.

n is odd

b. n is prime

is always divisible by 11

for every

c. n is

even

d. cant say

 when n=0 when n=1 not divisible by 11 when n=2 when n=3 not divisible by 11

nis a natural

So, from above we say that number is divisible by 11 when nis even

4. Out of the following numbers which is divisible by 132?  a. 31218 b. 78520 c. 38148 d. 52020 132 and 12 Option ais eliminated as it is not divisible by 4

7+8+5+2+0=22, 3+8+1+4+8=24, 5+2+0+2+0=9

Now option bis eliminated as it is not divisible by 3

3+1+8=12 and 8+4=12

5+0+0=5 and 2+2=4  Divisible by 11

Not Divisible by 11

So, the number is 38148 which is divisible by 132

5. If 653xy is divisible by 80 then the value of x+y is:

 a. 2 b. 3 c.4 d. 6 80= Now 53x is divisible by 8 So, x=6 and y=0 and x+y=6

6. The value of k if k35624 is divisible by 11:

a.

2

b. 5

c. 7

3+6+4=13 and k+5+2=7+k

d. 6 7. If 42573k is divisible by 72 then the value of k is:

 a. 4 b. 5 c. 6 d.7 72= 4+2+5+7+3+k=21+k and is divisible by 9 8. How many numbers between 1 and 1000 are divisible by 7?

a.

777

b. 142 c. 143

d. None

So, there are 142 numbers divisible by 7 between 1 and 1000  9. How many numbers between 55 and 555 including both extreme values are divisible by 5?

a.

100

b. 111 c.101

d. None 10. How many numbers are there from 100 to 200?

a.

100

101 to 200 b. 101
c. 99

d. None

So, 100+1=101 numbers between 100 to 200

11. How many numbers are divisible by 3 in the set of 300, 301,

a.

200

b. 66

c. 67

d. None 409, 500?

So, there are 67 numbers divisible by 3 between 300 and 500

12. How many numbers are there between 200 and 800 which are divisible by both 5 and 7?

a.

35

b. 16

c. 17

Divisible by both 5 and 7

d. cant be determined  13. In the above question total numbers in the set which are divisible by neither of 5 or

 7? a. 210 b.190 c. 199 d. can’t be determined

Neither by 5 or 7 Total No. of Nos = Divisible by 5 = Divisible by 7 =   So, nos divisible by 5 and 7 = 121+86-17=190

So, nos neither divisible by 5 nor 7 =601-190=411

14. At least what number must be subtracted from 434079 so that it becomes divisible by 137?

a.

173

b.63

c. 97

d. cant be determined

The remainder must be subtracted to make it divisible

15. A number which when divided by 32 leaves a remainder of 29. If this number is divided by 8 then the remainder will be: a. 0
b. 1
c. 5
d. 3
Number =
So, the remainder will be ‘5’

16. A number when divided by 5 leaves a remainder of 4, when the double of that number is divided by 5 the remainder will be: a. 0
b. 1
c. 3
Number =

d. cant be determined

Doubled Number = So, the remainder will be 3  