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AN INDUSTRIAL INTERNSHIP REPORT

BHARAT WAGON & ENGINEERING CO. LTD.


Submitted by

Vikash Kumar
in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree
of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY

in

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

SIR PADAMPAT SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY, UDAIPUR


July, 2015
1Vikash

Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

DECLARATION

I hereby declare that work entitled summer training project report, Submitted towards
completion of vocational training after Third year of B.Tech (MECHANICAL ENGINEERING)
at SIR PADAMPAT SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY comprises of my original work pursued
under the supervision of guides at Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd. The Project
embodied in this report have not been submitted to any other Institute or University for the
fulfillment of any other curriculum.

Signature of the Student:


Place: Udaipur, Rajasthan
Date: 21-july-2015

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

SIR PADAMPAT SINGHANIA UNIVERSITY


UDAIPUR 313601
GUIDES CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Mr Candidate Name has completed the industrial internship at Coastal
Gujarat power limited for 30 days and reported the work as per university guidelines.

Signature
Supervisor Name
Supervisor
Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
SPSU, Udaipur.

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

Training/Intership Certificate

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

ABSTRACT

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

CONTENTS
Title
Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Page No
Introduction
1.1 About CGPL

1.2 Design features

General layout and flow process


2.1 Water system in plant

2.2 Condensate system


2.3 feed water flow diagram
2.4 Air and fuel system

8
10
12

Boiler
3.1 Definition and working principle
3.2 Types of boilers
3.3 Supercritical boiler advantages
3.4Economizer
3.5Superheater
3.6 Reheater
3.7Air preheater

14
14
15
17
18
19
19

3.8 Deaerator
Chapter 4

Chapter 5

20

Electrostatic precipitator
4.1 Definition and working principle
4.2 Application
4.3 Smoke stack
Turbine
5.1 Definition
5.2 Type of Turbine used in CGPL
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21
21
22
23
24

Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

5.3 Flow Arrangement of Turbine


Chapter 6

Generator
6.1 Definition and Working principle

Chapter 7

26
27

6.2 Components required to generate Voltage

27

6.3 Hydrogen coolers

27

Transformers
7.1 Definition

29

7.2 Working principle

29

Chapter 8

Condensor:8.1 Definition
30
8.2 Parts of Condensor
30
8.3 Gland Steam Condenser (GSC)
31
8.4 Duplex LPH (1A/2A & 1B/2B) (Inside condenser) 32
Chapter 9
Coal Handling Plant
9.1 Purpose of coal handling system in a power plant
33
9.2 Divisions of Coal Handling system in CGPL,Mundra 33
9.3 Coal tonnage requirement for CGPL, Mundra
34
9.4 Layout of Internal Coal Handling System
35
9.5 Equipment & components of ICHS
36
9.7 Control Desk at ICHS control room
37
9.8 Operational modes of the conveyor
38
9.8Conveyor Belts
39
9.9 Stacker and Reclaimer
41
9.10 Reclaimer
43
9.11 DFS (Dry fog system)
44
9.12 Different Switches
44
9.13 Components used in Coal handling plant
45
9.14 Travelling Tripper
48
Chapter 10
Project under Taken
10.1 Stacker and Reclaimer
50
10.2 Travelling tripper
58
Safety and precautions.
61
Conclusion.
62
Future Scope.
63
References.
64

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

FIGURE LIST
Figure

Page NO

Figure 1.1 Fig 1.1 General process of thermal power plant


Figure 1.2 View of CGPL at mundra
Figure 2.1 Flow diagram for 5X830 UMPP
Figure 2.2 Water system in plant

2
6
7
8

Figure 2.3

Condenser Circulating water cycle

Figure 2.4

Auxiliary Cooling Water System

Figure 2.5

Closed Circuit Cooling Water System

10

Figure 2.6

Condensate System

11

Figure 2.7

Feed water Flow Block Diagram

12

Figure 2.8 Air & Fuel System

13

Figure 3.1

Supercritical boiler flow diagram at CGPL

16

Figure 3.2

Economizer

17

Figure 3.3

Superheater

18

Figure 3.4

Reheater

19

Figure 3.5

Air preheater

20

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

Figure 4.1

Electrostatic precipitator

22

Figure 4.2

Smoke stack

23

Figure 5.1

LP turbine

25

Figure 5.2 Tandom compound

25

Figure 5.3 Flow Arrangement of Turbine

26

Figure 6.1 Generator

28

Figure 7.1 Transformer

29

Figure 8.1 Flow diagram of condenser

30

Figure 8.2 Flow diagram of Gland Steam Condenser

31

Figure 8.3 Flow diagram of Duplex Heater

32

Figure 9.1 Basic layout of Internal Coal Handling System

35

Figure 9.2 Coal stockpile 1 & 2

35

Figure 9.3 JNT-1 and Bunker area Unit-10

36

Figure 9.4 Conveyor belt

40

Figure 9.5 Stacker and Reclaimer

41

Figure 9.6 Reclaimer

43

Figure 9.7 Dry fog system

44

Figure 9.8 Belt sway switches

45

Figure 9.9 Scoop coupling

47

Figure 9.10 Travelling Tripper

49

Figure 10.1 Skirt Pad failure in SCR-A

50

Figure 10.2 Plate missing at chute outlet SCR-A

51

Figure 10.3 Dust curtain gap in RCR-A

52

Figure 10.4 Chute puncture at RCR-B

53

Figure 10.5 Dust suppression system( DSS)

54

Figure 10.6 Thruster brake

55

Figure 10.7 Scrapper

56

Figure 10.8 Lagging damaged

57

Figure 10.9 Travelling Tripper

58

Figure 10.10 Chute of TTR

59

Figure 10.11 Skirt Pad failure

60

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LIST OF TABLES
Table 1 Difference between Subcritical and Supercritical boilers

15

Table 2 Conveyor belt data

39

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Kumar/ME/SPSU/Bharat Wagon & Engineering Co. Ltd./2015-16

CONCLUSION

1Candidate Name/ME/SPSU/Company Name/2015-16

FUTURE SCOPE:

2Candidate Name/ME/SPSU/Company Name/2015-16

REFERENCES

http://www.mapsofindia.com/kota/industries/super-thermal-power-plant.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_power_station

www.thermalengineering.com

http://www.energymanagertraining.com/power_plants/ThermalPowerPlants.htm
www.tatapower.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tata_Power

BOOKS

Electrical Power by J.B.Gupta

Generation of Electrical Power by B.R.Gupta

Power System by V.K.Mehta.


Power System Design & Analysis by B.R.Gupta
Steam & Gas turbines and Power Plant Engineering by R.Yadav
Power Plant engineering By P.K Nag

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