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How to Calibrate an Absolute Pressure Transmitter

How to Calibrate an Absolute Pressure

Absolute pressure transmitters are used in a variety of manufacturing processes to monitor and
transmit the pressure of liquids, gases and steam. This information is transmitted as an electrical
current which is read by a computer. Calibrating a pressure transmitter is vital to the accuracy of
the manufacturing process and should be performed on a scheduled bases. This calibration is
accomplished with a specific device designed for this purpose.

Things You'll Need

Pressure sensor calibrator

Close the isolation valves on both sides of the pressure transmitter and depressurize the
line by opening the release valve.

Fasten the pressure calibrator's hose to the NPT pressure port on the pressure transmitter
by turning it clockwise until tight.

Attach the black lead, from the pressure calibrator, to the negative (-) test terminal on the
pressure sensor. Fasten the red lead to the positive (+) test terminal.

Press the power "ON" button on the pressure calibrator. Open the vent on the pressure
calibrator by turning it counterclockwise and press the "Zero" button on the calibrator.
Close the vent by turning it clockwise.

Press the "Units" button until the display shows "PSI." Press the "Zero" button, and close
the bleed valve. Move the pressure vacuum valve to "+" for positive pressure.

Push the hand pump in and out until the display reads three psi. Press the "Hold" button
and write down the psi and mA readings from the display. Repeat this process to record
the mA for nine psi and 15 psi.

Compare the psi and mA readings to the pressure sensor transmitter manufacture
specifications. If the mA specs are not within the set limits, adjust the pressure transmitter
according to the manufacturer's directions.

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6 Answers
active oldest votes

just wiki it. Anyways I will give you a oneliner from wiki itself-

Absolute pressure is zero-referenced against a perfect vacuum, so it is equal

to gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure.
Gauge pressure is zero-referenced against ambient air pressure, so it is
equal to absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure. Negative signs are
usually omitted.

Differential pressure is the difference in pressure between two points.

up vote 9
down vote

answered Feb 3 '12 at


shareciteimprove this

Vineet Menon
negative gauge pressure (w/o the sign) is called vacuum pressure.
mythealias Nov 16 '12 at 13:47
Haha. Dimensio1n0 Aug 29 '13 at 15:46
add a comment
up vote 1 It's just a matter of defining your 'zero point'.
down vote

In a real, actual gauge, pressure is measured relative to the atmospheric pressure. If

there was 1 atmosphere of pressure inside a container (so it's the same pressure inside
the container as it is outside it), the gauge will not read 1 atm, but rather 0 atm, as the
pressure inside the container would just be the same as the pressure outside. Relative
to the outside world there would be no pressure in the container. This is gauge

Absolute pressure is technically what we think of when we say pressure - the force
that the gas is applying per unit area of the container.
If the gas is applying 101,300 Newtons per square meter, then the absolute pressure
would be 101.3 kPa. On the other hand, the gauge pressure would be 0 kPa, as 101.3
kPa also happens to be the pressure of the atmosphere outside the container.
answered Feb 3 '12 at

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Assuming you are in air at sea level and you have an open container the pressure inside
and outside will be the same - so a pressure gauge will read zero. That's gauge pressure
But there is 1 atmosphere of pressure inside the container - so 1atm of absolute

up vote
0 down

Now pump the air out of the container to give a vacuum, you have zero absolute
pressure and -1 atmosphere of gauge pressure. Although negative gauge pressures are
rarely used as they are confusing
answered Feb 3 '12 at

shareciteimprove this

Martin Beckett
add a comment

absolute pressure= pressure thats actually inside the vessel on which a gauge is fitted.
gauge pressure= pressure shown by gauge which will be <<1 atm>> lesser than actual
pressure as atmosphere exerts 1 atm pressure on the gauge.
vacuum pressure= pressure less than atmospheric pressure.
answered Feb 3 '12 at

up vote 0
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up vote
Pressure above atmospheric pressure is gauge pressure. If atmospheric pressure is 1 then
down gauge pressure will be 0. Vacuum pressure is pressure less than 1 atm. absolute
pressure=gauge pressure+atmospheric pressure while pressure
absolute=atmospheric-vacuum pressure.

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5. How to Convert Absolute Pressure to Gauge Pressure

How to Convert Absolute Pressure to Gauge

By G.K. Bayne
eHow Contributor





Be the first!

Leslie Banks/iStock/Getty Images

Most modern pressure gauges take into account the effect of atmospheric pressure on the systems
being measured. Well pumps, air compressors and tire gauges read by gauge pressure, which is
the pressure above standard atmospheric pressure. For example, if you measure a flat tires
pressure, the gauge reads zero. It doesnt mean the tire has no pressure at all; instead, it indicates
that the tire has no more than normal air pressure. By applying a basic formula, you can convert
absolute pressure to gauge pressure and vice versa.

Other People Are Reading

How to Convert PSIG to PSIA

How to Convert PSI to PSIG

Understand that absolute pressure or total system pressure is generally defined as the
pressure measured from zero pounds per square inch (PSI) -- an absolute vacuum. Gauge
pressure, on the other hand, uses standard air pressure as its zero point. At sea level,
atmospheric pressure is about 14.6 PSI.

Realize that the basic formula for finding gauge pressure is Pg = Ps Pa, where Pg is the
gauge pressure reading, Ps is the total system pressure reading or absolute pressure, and
Pa is standard atmospheric pressure.

Convert absolute pressure to a gauge pressure reading by subtracting 14.6 PSI from the
absolute pressure. For example, to convert an absolute pressure of 100 PSI to a gauge
pressure, Pg = 100 PSI 14.6 PSI, giving you 85.4 PSI.

Find the absolute pressure by adding 14.6 PSI to a gauge pressure reading. For example,
a tire gauge measures 36 PSI on a standard automobile tire. Since Ps = Pg + Pa, the
absolute pressure is 36 PSI + 14.6 PSI = 50.6 PSI.

Read more : http://www.ehow.com/how_5063745_convert-absolute-pressure-gaugepressure.html