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TABLE OF CONTENT

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DESIGN DATA

DESIGN CALC DESCRIPTION & ASSUMPTION

WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS SUMMARY

CENTRE OF GRAVITY RESULTS FROM STAAD ANALYSIS

STAAD OUTPUT : RESULTS AND ANALYSIS SUMMARY

WEIGHT CALCULATION

LOAD AT BASE CALCULATION

LEG DESIGN CALCULATION

BASE PLATE DESIGN CALCULATION

10

TRANSPORTATION LOAD CALCULATION

11

WIND LOADING CALCULATION

12

CALC OF LIFTING FORCE (SKID)

13

LIFTING LUG DESIGN CALC (SKID)

14

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALC (SKID)

15

SLING & WIRE ROPE CALC @ SPREADER BAR (SKID) - S5 & S6

16

SLING & WIRE ROPE CALC (SKID) - S1 TO S4

17

LIFTING LUG DESIGN CALC (TANK)

18

LIFTING SPREADER PIPE SIZING CALC (TANK)

19

SLING & WIRE ROPE CALC @ SPREADER BAR (TANK) - S5 & S6

20

SLING & WIRE ROPE CALC (TANK) - S1 TO S4

APPENDIX
A1

ALLOWABLE STRESS REFERENCE

Number of
pages

PAGE

6-7

8-9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16 - 19

20 - 24

25

26

27 - 31

32 - 36

37

38

39

DESIGN DATA
ITEM :

XXX SKID (XXXX)

PROJECT NO.

XXXX-XXX-XXX

Item No.

XXX

Service

Tote Tank

Design Pressure

( Max : Full water + 5 kPa / Min : -0.2 kPa )

Design Temperature

( Max : 65 / Min : 0 oC )

Operating Pressure

ATM

Operating Temperature

Ambient

Capacity

2 m3

Size

1219(L) x 1067(W) x 1524(H)

Material

A 240 316L

Design Code

API 650 & Roark's Formulas for Stress & Strain

Material

A 240 316L

Tank plate thickness

6 mm

Yield Stress, y

172369 kPa

Max Allowable Stress

115142 kPa

SKID SUPPORT OVERALL DIMENSION

2500 WIDTH (mm)


2800 LENGTH (mm)
7.0 AREA (m2)
EN10025 S275JR STRUCTURAL BEAM MATERIAL

nasrul:
PLEASE INPUT ITEM NO FOR YOUR CALC (ALL WILL BE
AUTOMATICALLY RENAMED AFTER YOU CHANGE THIS
=> DONT RENAME IN OTHER WORKSHEET , ERR WILL BE
SHOWN UP).

nasrul:
PLEASE INPUT PROJECT NO FOR YOUR CALC
(ALL WILL BE AUTOMATICALLY RENAMED
AFTER YOU CHANGE THIS
=> DONT RENAME IN OTHER
WORKSHEET , ERR WILL BE SHOWN UP).

DESIGN CALC DESCRIPTION & ASSUMPTION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

Design Calculation Description :


Design and Lifting Calculations for Chemical Injection System Skid of this project is written in MS-Excel for the
purpose of calculating the optimum sizing of lifting gears . Specifically, the design is based on Bending
Equation formulas and Standard engineering formulas & AISC
Lifting calculations is used to analysed the required dimensional thickness and strength of the lifting lugs
(Skid & its tank) during lifting operation. Bending equations of "Simply supported beam" and
"Statically indeterminate beams" are used in calculating required size of the spreader beam section used.
The slings and shackle sizes are also selected after selection of lifting lugs for the tanks and skid .
STAAD PRO software is used to facilitate analysing skid structural frame strength.
The formula for determining the bending stress in a beam under simple bending is :

is the bending stress


M - the moment about the neutral axis
y - the perpendicular distance to the neutral axis
Ix - the second moment of area about the neutral axis x
b - the width of the section being analyzed
h - the depth of the section being analyzed
Weight and Centre of Gravity Calculation Description :
Weight for Chemical Injection System Skid of this project is written in MS-Excel for the purpose
of calculating the lifting weight of the Skid. STAAD Output result from post analysis during lifting
is able to calculate the Centre Of Gravity (C.O.G) of Skid and its Equipment during lifting operation.
Design Calculation Assumptions :
4. The Bending stress formulas in the calculation are based on the following assumptions:
(4.1) The beams are assumed to be symmetric about the x-y plane
(4.1) All loads must act in the x-y plane.
(4.1) A right handed coordinate system is adopted, with x-axis along the longitudinal axis of the beam.
References :
1. Pressure Vessel Handbook (7th Edition) by Henry H. Bedner
2. Pressure Vessel Handbook by Eugene F. Megyesy

3. AISC (Manual of Steel Construction - Specification for Design, Fabrication


and Erection of Structural Steel for Building (9th Edition) ASD.

xcel for the

WEIGHT AND ANALYSIS SUMMARY

1a

#REF!

XXX SKID (XXXX)

#REF!

XXXX-XXX-XXX

WEIGHT SUMMARY
Total estimated Weight tanks : T-6820-A/B

Total estimated Operating Weight tanks : T-6820-A/B

Total estimated Weight Of Instrument :


( Pump, Valve, Gauge, PLC panel, Flange & Fitting , etc )

Total estimated Weight Of Skid Structure

Total estimated Weight Of Skid Structure, Instrument & Tanks

Total estimated Operating Weight Of Skid Structure, Equipment & Tanks

Floor Load

= Skid Weight / Skid Area

(for STAAD input)

===> Skid area

Hence Floor Load =

=
4,512

/
=
=

1b

Tank Leg Load


(for STAAD input)

= Weight Tank + Flg

Hence For Each Leg = Leg Load / 4

=
=

MAX. FORCE SUMMARY AT LIFTING


Maximum Force acting on skid

EXTERNAL FORCE LOADING SUMMARY


Wind Force

Fw

Wind Moment

Mw

Maximum Shear/Horizontal Force

Maximum O/T Moment

CENTRE OF GRAVITY RESULTS FROM STAAD ANALYSIS

ITEM :

XXX SKID (XXXX)

PROJECT NO.

XXXX-XXX-XXX

C.O.G LOCATION (From STAAD )


Center of Gravity (X)

Center of Gravity (Y)

Center of Gravity (Z)

685.98

X
1354

(0,0,0)

-1562

Output from STAAD

98. PRINT CG LIST 1 TO 68


CENTER OF GRAVITY OF THE STRUCTURE IS LOCATED AT: (MMS UNIT)
X = 1354.41 Y = 685.98 Z = -1561.76
TOTAL SELF WEIGHT =

ORIGIN (0,0,0)

17.794 (KN UNIT)

558 kg
2,350 kg
770 kg
834 kg
4,512 kg
6,494 kg
7 m2
7
645 kg/m2
6.32E-06 kN/mm2
943 kg
236 kg
2.31 kN

5,424 kg

10,901 N
12,426,842 Nmm
18,199 N
12,426,842 Nmm

2500

1354

mm

686

mm

-1561.76

mm

STAAD OUTPUT : RESULTS SUMMARY


#REF!

XXX SKID (XXXX)

#REF!

XXXX-XXX-XXX

***TOTAL APPLIED LOAD ( KN MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING


SUMMATION FORCE-X =
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =

0.00
-66.17

SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

0.00

1)

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=


-97170.78 MY=
0.00 MZ=
-88662.90

***TOTAL REACTION LOAD( KN MMS ) SUMMARY (LOADING


SUMMATION FORCE-X =
0.00
SUMMATION FORCE-Y =
66.17
SUMMATION FORCE-Z =

0.00

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS AROUND THE ORIGINMX=


97170.78 MY=
0.00 MZ=
88662.90

MAXIMUM DISPLACEMENTS ( CM /RADIANS) (LOADING


MAXIMUMS AT NODE
X = 3.58689E+00
Y = -2.16509E+00
Z = -1.68693E+00

19
1
33

RX= -3.44840E-03
RY= 7.40785E-04

31
23

RZ= 1.32178E-02

55

1)

1)

STAAD OUTPUT : ANALYSIS SUMMARY

ITEM :

XXX SKID (XXXX)

PROJECT NO.

XXXX-XXX-XXX

Total Applied Load During Lifting = Maximum Load Weight Lifted


STAAD

-66.17

kN

From Estimated Weight Calculation


Difference

6747.42

kg

=
=

6,494
253

kg
kg

Percentage difference
=
3.90% within Calculated weight
Therefore results from STAAD analysis is close to actual scenario
2

Allowable Deflection as PER AISC = L/360, where L is the beam section being analysed
max
Beam Length =
Since,

=
=

3.59
2800

mm
mm

max =

3.59

< L/360 =

at node 19

7.78

Deflection is within allowab

within Calculated weight

Deflection is within allowable limit

WEIGHT CALCULATION
ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

ITEM
T-6820-A
Tank shell plate
SIDE PLATE (1)
SIDE PLATE (2)
BASE PLATE
ROOF PLATE
T-6820-A
Tank stiffener
SIDE WALL (1) - HORZ
SIDE WALL (1) - VERT
SIDE WALL (2) - HORZ
SIDE WALL (2) - VERT
ROOF PLATE - HORZ
ROOF PLATE - VERT
BOTTOM PLATE - HORZ
BOTTOM PLATE - VERT
T-6820-B
Tank shell plate
SIDE PLATE (1)
SIDE PLATE (2)
BASE PLATE
ROOF PLATE
T-6820-B
Tank stiffener
SIDE WALL (1) - HORZ
SIDE WALL (1) - VERT
SIDE WALL (2) - HORZ
SIDE WALL (2) - VERT
ROOF PLATE - HORZ
ROOF PLATE - VERT
BOTTOM PLATE - HORZ
BOTTOM PLATE - VERT

DESCRIPTION

HEIGHT

QTY

LENGTH

1.52
1.52
1.22
1.22

m
m
m
m

x
x
x
x

1.22
1.07
1.07
1.07

m
m
m
m

x
x
x
x

6
6
6
6

FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

1.22
1.52
1.07
1.52
1.22
1.07
1.22
1.07

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

LENGTH `

HEIGHT

SET

Width

thk
thk
thk
thk

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2

2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

2
2
1
1

1
1
1
1

2
2
2
2
2
2
3
2

2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1

Width

1.20
1.20
0.80
0.80

m
m
m
m

x
x
x
`

0.80
1.03
1.03
1.03

m
m
m
m

x
x
x
x

6
6
6
6

FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB
FB

65
65
65
65
65
65
65
65

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

0.80
1.20
1.03
1.20
0.80
1.03
0.80
1.03

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m

thk
thk
thk
thk

WEIGHT CALCULATION
ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

Equipment , Accessories & Leg Support


LEG: UB152x152x23 kg/m

0.4

22.3

kg/pc

QTY

SET

kg/m2

MANWAY, FLANGES & FITTING


Pump BIO

Weight =

80

Instruments & Valves

Weight =

300

nasrul:
ALL VALUES DEPENDS ON YOUR SKID STRUCTUREINPUT ADEQUATE SIZING AND WEIGHT (KG/M)

SKID Structure
UC200x200x46.1 kg/m
C250x95x10tx24kg/m
L50x50x4tx4 kg/m
SHS75x75x4tx8 kg/m
GRATING-12kg/m

Volume
T-6820-A
T-6820-B

13.4
m
x
2.1
m
x
0.5
m
x
3.6
m
x
2
7.0
x
m
TOTAL EMPTY WEIGHT
height
1.52
1.52

m
m

x
x

width
1.07
1.07

m
m

x
x

46.1
35.5
4
8
12

length
1.22
1.22

kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m
kg/m

1
1
1
1
1

m
m

Water Weight [ Volume x Density(@1000 kg/m3)]


SUMMARY
EMPTY WEIGHT
OPERATING WEIGHT (Empty Weight + Water Weight)
FULL WATER WEIGHT

1
1
1
1
1

=
=

TANK PLATE
THICKNESS

WEIGHT

178.34
156.11
62.43
62.43

kg
kg
kg
kg

15.21
19.02
13.32
19.02
7.61
6.66
11.41
6.66

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

92.16
118.66
39.55
39.55

kg
kg
kg
kg

9.98
14.98
12.85
14.98
4.99
6.43
7.49
6.43

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

nasrul:
WIDTH OF FLAT BAR/STIFF
USED

nasrul:
The weight calc u can refer
to cell W1 TO Z15

nasrul:
The weight calc u can refer
to cell W1 TO Z15

WEIGHT
26.76

kg

309.71

kg

160.00

kg

300.00

kg

617.74
74.55
2.00
28.80
84.00
2530

kg
kg
kg
kg
kg
kg

1.98
1.98

m3
m3

3,964

kg

2,530
6,494
6,494

kg
kg
kg

KG/M)

LOAD AT TANK'S BASE PLATE CALCULATION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

HOLD DOWN BOLTS for EACH TANK LEG


Bolt Material...
Bolt Yield Stress.
Sy
Bolt UTS....
Su
Allowable Tensile
Ft-all= (0.6 x Sy)
Allowable Shear
Fs-all = (0.4 x Sy)
Allowable Bearing
Fb-all = (1.5 x Sy)
Bolt Number.....
N
Bolt Size...
Stud Nom Dia
Dn
Thread Pitch
p
AT
Bolt Tensile Area

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Bolt Shear Area..

AS

313.3

mm

Bolt Root area, Ab

Ab

138.32

mm

From Lifting Force calculation


Maximum Shear Force ,
Maximum Tensile(Axial) Force
Number of Leg / tank
Shear Force acting on one leg
Tensile Force acting on one leg

A 193 GR B7
207
MPa
507
MPa
124.2
MPa
82.8
MPa
310.5
MPa
2
M16
16
mm
2
mm
156.7
mm

nasrul:
refer table a,b and C

= pi() / 4(D-0.938194*p)
= 2*At

nasrul:
refer table D-5M (Section 9

LH
LL
N-leg
F-shear
F-tensile

=
=
=
=
=

18,199
53,210
4
4,550
13,302

N
N
N
N

= LH / N-leg
= LL / N-leg

1 SHEAR STRESS IN BOLT


Shear / Bolt, fs =

fs (Shear stress on bolt) =


Fs-all (Allow shear stress) =

F-shear
N x As
7.26
82.8

since fs < Fs-all , the Bolt Shear stress is

MPa
MPa

OK
RATIO ( fs / Fs ) =

OK

2 TENSILE STRESS IN BOLT


Tensile / Bolt, ft =

ft (Tensile stress on bolt) =


Ft-all (Allow tensile stress) =

F-tensile
N x At
42.45
124.20

since fs < Ft-all, the Bolt Tensile stress is

MPa
MPa

OK
RATIO ( fs / Fs ) =

OK

3 BEARING STRESS IN BOLT


Bearing / Bolt, fb =

fb (Bearing stress on bolt) =


Fb-all (Allow Bearing stress) =
since fb < Fb-all, the Bolt Bearing stress is

F-shear
N x Ab
16.45
310.50

MPa
MPa

OK
RATIO ( fs / Fs ) =

OK

nasrul:VALIDATION

asrul:
efer table a,b and C

/ 4(D-0.938194*p)

nasrul:
refer table D-5M (Section 9)

0.09

0.34

0.05

rul:VALIDATION

LEG DESIGN CALCULATION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

LEG DATA
Material.....=

A 36

Yield Stress, Sy...=

248.2 N/mm2

Allowable Axial Stress, fall....=

148.9 N/mm2 ( 0.6 x Sy )

Allowable Bending Stress, fball.......=

165.5 N/mm2 ( 2/3 x Sy )

LEG GEOMETRY :-

I-BEAM 152 x 152 x 23 kg/m

d
X

X
e

AXIAL STRESS
Axial Stress, fa =

F /A =

4.56

N/mm2

PxLxe=
Ixx

44.38

N/mm2

BENDING STRESS
Bending Stress, fb =

COMBINED STRESS
Combined Stress, f = (fa/fall + fb/fball) =
Since Combined Stress is

0.30

< 1.00 The Leg Design is OK!

A=

2920

Ixx =
d=
e=
L=
r=

12500000
323.8
76.2
400
9

mm2
mm4
mm
mm
mm
mm

nasrul:
LEG OF TANK HEIGHT

LEG BASEPLATE DESIGN CALCULATION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

Refer Dennis R Moss Procedure 3-10


Minimum Base plt thickness, tb =

N = No. of Support
Q = Maximum Load / Support
F = Baseplate Width
A = Baseplate Length
Fb = Allowable Bending Stress
tb
Base plate used

3xQxF
4 x A x Fb

=
=
=
=
=

4
279
162
162
163.68

N
mm
mm
MPa

1.1

mm

15

mm

( 0.66 Fy )

OK

Since Base plate used is more than min thk 'tb' required , OK
BASE PLATE WELD CHECKING
Maximum stress due to Q & F = max(Q, F)/Aw

=
<

4.68

N/mm2

86.9

N/mm2

Weld leg size, g


Length of weld, l = 2*( 2*F + 2*A )

=
=

6.0
1296

mm
mm

Area of weld, Aw = 0.5*g*l


Joint efficiency for fillet weld, E

=
=

3888
0.6

mm2
-

Welding stress for steel, fw

144.8

N/mm2

Allowable stress for weld, fw = E*fw


Maximum vertical force, Q
Maximum horizontal force, F

=
=
=

86.9
279.1
18198.8

N/mm2
N
N

OK

TRANSPORTATION LOAD CALCULATION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

WEIGHTS
Empty

We

4,512 kg ------>

Wind Force
Transportation Force

Fw
FD

=
=

10,901
6708

Wind Moment
Transportation Moment

Mw
Mc

=
=

Maximum Shear Force


Maximum O/T Moment

F
M

=
=

44263

EXTERNAL LOADS
N
N

[( 0.5 x We )2 + ( 1.4 x We )2 ]0.5

12,426,842
4,601,307

Nmm
Nmm

( FD x COG )

10,901
12,426,842

N
Nmm

We )2 + ( 1.4 x We )2 ]0.5

COG =
(H/2)

686 mm

WIND LOADING CALCULATION


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

Terrain Category
Region
Basic Wind Speed
Shielding Factor
Topographic Factor
Direction Factor
Probability Factor
Seasonal Factor
Terrain and Building Factor
Design Wind Speed

Vb
Ms
Sa
Sd
Sp
Ss
Sb

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1
D
52.78
1
1
1
1
1
1

Vz

52.78

m/s ( Vb x Sa x Sd x Sp x Ss )

52.78

m/s ( Vz x Sb )
kPa ( 0.613 x Ve2 x 10-3 )

Effective (Design) Wind speed Ve


qz

1.7075

Drag Coefficient

Cd

2280

Dynamic Pressure

m/s

190.0 km/hr

Width

Az

H / Width

Kar

Cd'

2800

Wind Force
Height to COG
Overturning Moment

Fw

10,901 N

1140.0

Mw

12,426,842

( Cd' x qz x Az ) / 103

mm

(H/2)

Nmm

( Fw x h )

km/hr

(As per API 650)

Sd x Sp x Ss )

z x Az ) / 103

2,280

mm

2,800.0

mm

6,384,000

mm2

0.81
1
1

( Cd x Kar )

LIFTING FORCE CALCULATION (SKID)


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

1. DESIGN DATA
OPERATING WEIGHT OF SKID
DYNAMIC FACTOR
LENGTH OF SKID SUPPORT
FROM BASE TO C.O.G
FROM C.O.G TO LUG HOLE
TOTAL HEIGHT OF SKID TANKS & SUPPORT

Wo
Df
L
Y
X
R

=
=
=
=
=
=

6,494
2
2,800
686
2,114
2,280

NOTE : Assume MAX TILT ANGLE TO BE 10 - 20 Degree (Worst Case Scenario).


Therefore, Analysis is taken from 10 to 20 Degree is take into consideration.
** FORMULAS **
W = Wo * Df =
12,989 kg
LL = W * ( Y * cosU + R * sinU) / [(X + Y) * COS U + R * SINU]
LV = LL * cosU
LH = LL * sin U
2. RESULT OF LIFTING FORCE (U= 0 to 90)
DEG.
0
5
10
15
20

LL
3182.10
3834.26
4413.33
4938.51
5424.04

2a. RESULT OF FORCE (Metric To SI UNIT)


LV
3182.10
3819.67
4346.29
4770.24
5096.93

LH
0.00
334.18
766.37
1278.18
1855.13

ANGLE
(DEG.)
20
20
20

FORCE
(N)
53210
50001
18199

TL
###
###
###
###
###
###

P_lift = LL
Shear = LH
My_lift
Mx_lift

=
=
=
=

N/N-mm
131,561
44,997
148,438,428
50,768,932

MAX. FORCE SUMMARY AT LIFTING


KIND OF
FORCE
LL
LV
LH

FORCE
(kg)
5424.0
5096.9
1855.1

SUMMARY OF SKID LUG STRESSES


Tensile Stress
Bearing Stress
Shear Stress

=
=
=

9.16
30.00
9.16

3. Max Force acting on skid ( Max of LL,LV,LH )


Fmax =

LL =

5,424 kg

Combine Stresses

0.23

53,210 N
4. Max Moment (in y-direction)

5. Max Moment (in x-direction)

COG

My_lift = Fmax*COG

686

mm

36,500,864 N-mm

COG =
Mx_lift = LH*COG =

686
61,263,639

kg

nasrul:
manual input calc height all

mm
mm
mm
mm

kips/ft-kips
29.6
10.1
109.5
37.4

N/mm
N/mm
N/mm

namasral
REF -LIFT_L

mm
N-mm

ALLOWABLE STRESS REFERENCE


ITEM :
PROJECT NO.

XXX SKID (XXXX)


XXXX-XXX-XXX

nasrul:
PLEASE ENABLE MACRO LINK
EMPTY WEIGHT,TANK WEIGHT AND MAX
LIFT FORCE