0 Голоса «за»0 Голоса «против»

Просмотров: 497 стр.Laser Beam Machining (LBM) is one of the most advanced machining processes that is used for shaping, cutting and machining the virtually whole varieties of engineering materials. In LBM, the surface roughness and kerf taper significant factors affects the product characteristics and quality of the product. During this analysis work, the impact of process parameters like cutting speed, frequency and Gas pressure surface roughness (Ra) of steel (AISI 321 stainless steel) material in laser cutting machining. L9 orthogonal array was generated for fractional factorial design (Taguchi analysis) for better understanding of the interaction among the process parameters. The values of surface roughness for steel were calculated by Regression model equations, Taguchi Analysis and Genetic Algorithm were employed to the parametric analysis of the experimental data. Taguchi analysis gives the optimum values of surface roughness and kerf taper, which are 2.2981 µm and 0.1637° respectively. Genetic algorithm was used for providing a set of optimum values for both outputs simultaneously.

Jul 05, 2016

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT или читайте онлайн в Scribd

Laser Beam Machining (LBM) is one of the most advanced machining processes that is used for shaping, cutting and machining the virtually whole varieties of engineering materials. In LBM, the surface roughness and kerf taper significant factors affects the product characteristics and quality of the product. During this analysis work, the impact of process parameters like cutting speed, frequency and Gas pressure surface roughness (Ra) of steel (AISI 321 stainless steel) material in laser cutting machining. L9 orthogonal array was generated for fractional factorial design (Taguchi analysis) for better understanding of the interaction among the process parameters. The values of surface roughness for steel were calculated by Regression model equations, Taguchi Analysis and Genetic Algorithm were employed to the parametric analysis of the experimental data. Taguchi analysis gives the optimum values of surface roughness and kerf taper, which are 2.2981 µm and 0.1637° respectively. Genetic algorithm was used for providing a set of optimum values for both outputs simultaneously.

© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 49

Laser Beam Machining (LBM) is one of the most advanced machining processes that is used for shaping, cutting and machining the virtually whole varieties of engineering materials. In LBM, the surface roughness and kerf taper significant factors affects the product characteristics and quality of the product. During this analysis work, the impact of process parameters like cutting speed, frequency and Gas pressure surface roughness (Ra) of steel (AISI 321 stainless steel) material in laser cutting machining. L9 orthogonal array was generated for fractional factorial design (Taguchi analysis) for better understanding of the interaction among the process parameters. The values of surface roughness for steel were calculated by Regression model equations, Taguchi Analysis and Genetic Algorithm were employed to the parametric analysis of the experimental data. Taguchi analysis gives the optimum values of surface roughness and kerf taper, which are 2.2981 µm and 0.1637° respectively. Genetic algorithm was used for providing a set of optimum values for both outputs simultaneously.

© All Rights Reserved

- Analysis of Spectrum Based Approach for Detection of Mobile Signals
- Ads 8344
- Application of Taguchi Method of Experimental Design
- advances_2008
- Market Research on Steel Industry in SAARC Countires
- Performance and Detection of M-ary Frequency Shift Keying in Triple Layer Wireless Sensor Network
- Optimisation of Shock Absorber Parameters Using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis and Taguchi Method
- WP Automatic CnC Power Control
- Experimental Analysis of Material Removal Rate in Drilling of 41Cr4 by a Taguchi’s Approach
- Statistical Geometrical Features for Texture Classification
- DVP-NS355_NS507P_NS525P_NS575P_NS585P
- 0416-02_Br-LC_F1_NT_EN-DE_23LR
- OI_FLOWSIC150_en_8010815
- IJERTV2 (2013)
- Sheet Metal Nesting and Contour Cutting in PTC Pro_ENGINEER - CAD CAM Australia3
- Lecture 114
- Online Crime Fraud Detection System
- Online Crime Fraud Detection System
- ICRAMID_11082
- 01 Introduction

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

ASSISTED CUTTING USING TAGUCHI ANALYSIS AND GENETIC

ALGORITHM

By

SANDEEP KUMAR SINGH *

SWATI GANGWAR **

** Assistant Professor, MMMUT, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

ABSTRACT

Laser Beam Machining (LBM) is one of the most advanced machining processes that is used for shaping, cutting and

machining the virtually whole varieties of engineering materials. In LBM, the surface roughness and kerf taper significant

factors affects the product characteristics and quality of the product. During this analysis work, the impact of process

parameters like cutting speed, frequency and Gas pressure surface roughness (Ra) of steel (AISI 321 stainless steel)

material in laser cutting machining. L9 orthogonal array was generated for fractional factorial design (Taguchi analysis)

for better understanding of the interaction among the process parameters. The values of surface roughness for steel

were calculated by Regression model equations, Taguchi Analysis and Genetic Algorithm were employed to the

parametric analysis of the experimental data. Taguchi analysis gives the optimum values of surface roughness and kerf

taper, which are 2.2981 m and 0.1637 respectively. Genetic algorithm was used for providing a set of optimum values

for both outputs simultaneously.

Keywords: Laser Beam Machining (LBM), Surface Roughness, Kerf Taper, Taguchi Analysis, Genetic Algorithm.

INTRODUCTION

36

No. 3

February - April 2016

RESEARCH PAPERS

cut. There is no exact contact with the material of the tool,

pulsed mode of LBC [8, 14]. In this paper, two kerf qualities

[7,13].

nowadays is:-

roughness [20].

experiment [8,14,15].

In 2011, Koji Hirano and Remy Fabbro worked on striation

generation mechanism on inert gas laser cutting of steel

using experiments on hydrodynamics of the melt layer on

the kerf front [12, 16-18]. Melt flows in the area of kerf side,

1. Literature Review

to 2.5 bars and the cutting speed was varied from one to 6

m/min), the melt flow in the peach, the central (mid) and

No. 3

February - April 2016

37

RESEARCH PAPERS

pressure P, pulse width, pulse frequency F and cutting

[5].

control parameters are established using the Response

Surface Methodology. Finally, the Genetic algorithm is

applied to search the optimum parametric values for the

optimum responses. Using Genetic algorithm, minimum

Kerf taper angle obtained is 0.14695 that is 0.313 less in

magnitude than the experimentally measured value.

Also, the minimum surface roughness predicted using

Genetic algorithm is 1.2625 m which is 0.3375 m better

in value compared to the experimentally measured value

Laser assisted cutting process. With very high power

laser-assisted cutting operation at the microscale

level, the work is very less.

in case of stainless steel.

faults is to develop a laser beam machining

operation.

In 2013, M. Lakshmi Chaitanya & A. Gopal Krishna have

HAZ and Ra. The mathematical models for the HAZ and Ra

algorithm, Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II

(NSGA-II), was used to retrieve the multiple optimum sets

optimized values of the input laser parameters.

In 2014, K. Venkatesan & R. Ramanujam worked on an

experimental investigation of Cutting Forces and

Temperature in laser beam cutting of Inconel 718 using

Taguchi technique [9]. This paper was discussed

regarding the L9 orthogonal array, S/N ratio, and ANOVA

in response.

parameters using genetic algorithm.

4. Taguchi Analysis

38

No. 3

February - April 2016

RESEARCH PAPERS

The OA defines the value of the parameters for each

Sl. No

Variables

Unit

Level

-1

Level

0

Level

1

Gas Pressure

Kg/cm2

Pulse Frequency

Cutting speed

Signal-to-Noise Ratio representing the magnitude of the

amounts of variability in the response data and the

closeness of the average response to the target. S/N ratios

are calculated for each level value. Therefore, the

optimal level of the process parameters is the level with

the greatest S/N ratio, since this indicates the situation

where the performance of the process is maximized, and

the noise is minimized [7].

5. Genetic Algorithm

Genetic Algorithms (GA) were initially introduced by John

Holland within the Seventies (Holland, 1975) as a result of

investigations into the possibility of computer programs

undergoing evolution within the genetic sense. GAs are a

part of a broader soft computing paradigm called

organic process computation. They attempt to make

better solutions through a method almost like biological

10

Mm/min

cutting speed are 6, 7, 8 mm/min respectively. After

selecting the L9 orthogonal array with appropriate

settings, the Table 2 is obtained with blank spaces for taper

angle value and surface roughness value.

After the experimental work, these values are filled in the

blank space and the optimization work has been done

accordingly. Main effect plots for SN ratio and main effect

plot for the means are obtained by the optimization,

which shows that A1B1C2 are the most optimized value for

Ra, and A3B1C2 are the most optimized values for Taper

angle as shown in Figure1.

Figure 1 shows the value of mean for the means of input

Sl. No

Gas

pressure

1

2

of the fittest, and cross-breeding and mutation generate

Hz

Pulse

frequency

Cutting

Speed

Taper

Angle

Surface

Roughness

0.19646

2.42

0.22100

2.00

3.01

10

0.29195

0.19643

2.41

0.26740

3.03

10

0.30834

2.94

0.17740

2.48

0.16659

2.51

10

0.16370

2.54

and a problem-solving technique within which one or

more excellent answers are a probe for in a solution space

algorithm reduces or tries to reduce the research space

by regularly evaluating the current generation of

candidate solutions, discarding the ones stratified as

poor, and manufacturing a new generation through

crossbreeding and mutating those stratified as good. The

ranking of candidate solutions is finished using some predetermined measures of goodness or fitness.

6. Experimental Setup & Cutting Conditions

Table 1 shows the level of variables like gas pressure, pulse

frequency and cutting speed. The levels of gas pressure

are 4, 5 and 6 kg/cm2 respectively. The level of pulse

No. 3

February - April 2016

39

RESEARCH PAPERS

parameters. The maximum values of mean of the means

are for Gas pressure at A2 i.e. 5 Kg/cm2, for pulse

frequency at B3 i.e. 10 Hz and for cutting speed at C3 i.e. 8

mm/min.

Figure 2 shows the S/N ratio for the optimization of surface

roughness. Gas pressure A1 i.e. 4 Kg/cm2 has a maximum

value of S/N ratio. Pulse frequency B1 i.e. 8 hertz has

maximum value. Cutting speed, the maximum value of

S/N ratio is at C2 i.e. at 7 mm/min. These values shows that

the surface roughness will be at its minima with the set of

values of A1B1C2. Maximum value of S/N ratio is for the

cutting speed which is -4.287, so cutting speed is the most

Table 3 shows the values of the parameters at the different

points which are shown in the Figure 2. It shows the

Level

Pressure

Pulse

frequency

Cutting

Speed

-4.786

-4.763

-5.367

-5.917

-41.906

-4.287

-5.003

-6.037

-6.052

Delta

1.131

1.273

1.764

Rank

Figure 4. Main Effects plot for Means for Taper Angle

roughness. These are the tabulation form of the values

shown in the curves of Figure 2.

Figure 3 shows the S/N ratio for the optimization of Taper

angle in degree. Gas pressure A3 i.e. 6 Kg/cm2 has

maximum value of S/N ratio. Pulse frequency B1 i.e. 8 hertz

has maximum value. For cutting speed, the maximum

value of S/N ratio is at C2 i.e. at 7 mm/min. These values

shows that the surface roughness will be at its minima with

the set of values of A3B1C2. Maximum value of S/N ratio is

Level

Pressure

Pulse

frequency

Cutting

Speed

12.65

14.43

13.31

11.94

13.38

14.32

15.44

12.21

12.39

Delta

3.50

2.22

1.93

Rank

40

Figure 4 shows the main effects plot for the means for

No. 3

February - April 2016

RESEARCH PAPERS

objective functions were obtained. On this curve, the set

of optimum values can easily be taken.

Conclusions

Optimistic plot in Figure 6 shows the exact values of the

parameters after optimization. So optimum results are

given below:

The minimum value of surface roughness is 2.2981

m.

Figure 5. Pareto Chart obtained from genetic algorithm

mm/min cutting speed.

surface roughness is 2.895 m at the value of taper

angle 0.17.

References

[1]. Teixidor Ezpeleta, Daniel, Ferrer Real, Ins, Ciurana,

Quim de and zel, Turul, (2013). Optimization of

process parameters for pulsed laser milling of

microchannel on AISI H13 tool steel. Elsevier. Retrieved

from www.elsevier.com/locate/rcim.

Kruth, (2009). Development of a real time monitoring

365.

358.

0.208 cutting-speed

0.0109 cutting-speed

38.

No. 3

February - April 2016

41

RESEARCH PAPERS

cutting using cuckoo search algorithm. Journal of

pp. 225-243.

2198-2208.

pp. 555-564.

pp. 1139-1150.

Mr. Sandeep Kumar Singh is an M.Tech Student in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Madan Mohan Malaviya

University of Technology, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh. After graduated in Mechanical Engineering from the Institute of Engineering &

Rural Technology, Allahabad, UP, India, he is studying Computer Integrated Manufacturing in the Madan Mohan Malaviya

University of Technology, Gorakhpur. He has published and presented more than 5 papers in peer reviewed Journals and

International/National conferences.

Swati Gangwar is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Madan Mohan Malaviya University of

Technology, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. She has completed her Bachelor Degree in Mechanical Engineering in 2009 from

Shri Ram Murti Smarak Institutions, Bareilly, Lucknow and Master Degree in 2012 from National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur,

Himachal Pradesh. Currently she is pursuing Ph.D at Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur. She has published more

than 18 papers in National and International Journals as well as conferences. Swati Gangwar also guided 4 students for their

projects in UG and PG courses.

42

No. 3

February - April 2016

- Analysis of Spectrum Based Approach for Detection of Mobile SignalsЗагружено:IAEME Publication
- Ads 8344Загружено:mann_only
- Application of Taguchi Method of Experimental DesignЗагружено:mohamedadelali
- advances_2008Загружено:kp13021987
- Market Research on Steel Industry in SAARC CountiresЗагружено:Sajith
- Performance and Detection of M-ary Frequency Shift Keying in Triple Layer Wireless Sensor NetworkЗагружено:AIRCC - IJCNC
- Optimisation of Shock Absorber Parameters Using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis and Taguchi MethodЗагружено:IAEME Publication
- WP Automatic CnC Power ControlЗагружено:arzeszut
- Experimental Analysis of Material Removal Rate in Drilling of 41Cr4 by a Taguchi’s ApproachЗагружено:Anonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Statistical Geometrical Features for Texture ClassificationЗагружено:Dedy Suryadi
- DVP-NS355_NS507P_NS525P_NS575P_NS585PЗагружено:Adrian Vega
- 0416-02_Br-LC_F1_NT_EN-DE_23LRЗагружено:Natalie Wyatt
- OI_FLOWSIC150_en_8010815Загружено:NicuVisan
- IJERTV2 (2013)Загружено:Balvinder
- Sheet Metal Nesting and Contour Cutting in PTC Pro_ENGINEER - CAD CAM Australia3Загружено:bang8ros
- Lecture 114Загружено:Dimas Yoga Apriawan
- Online Crime Fraud Detection SystemЗагружено:Vera Nita
- Online Crime Fraud Detection SystemЗагружено:Editor IJRITCC
- ICRAMID_11082Загружено:SundaraPandiyan
- 01 IntroductionЗагружено:jatayu2011
- Comms Coaching Notes 7Загружено:Jesther Liwag
- Separation of Music Signals by Harmonic Structure Modeling.pdfЗагружено:Rick Rite
- CAD and CAM: Laser ManufacturingЗагружено:jchou92
- Adaptive Notch GainЗагружено:Debajyoti Datta
- Pioneer Deh-x16ub x1650ub x1690ub Crt5366 Car AudioЗагружено:Alberto Andre Lasch
- Smusevic Phd ThesisЗагружено:fernachos
- Digital and Analog SignalsЗагружено:david sea
- MARVEL 6000 Series High Power Fiber Laser Cutting Machine_Laser Cutting Farley Laserlab,CNC Laser Cutting Machine,Plasma Cutting Machine,Fiber Laser Cutting Machine,Cutting Machine PriceЗагружено:Tradiyo Forex
- sol_to_cmos_mixed_2.pdfЗагружено:Wala Salem Saadeh
- File penelitiamЗагружено:Gali Kasrun Kurniawan

- Akbulut LecturesЗагружено:Chris Hays
- Vitali 1985Загружено:Jorge Ignacio Ortega Rocha
- Matrix Methods in Optics.pdfЗагружено:Alejandro Moncrieff
- Probability DistributionsЗагружено:Souheir Ed
- Syllabus Class 11Загружено:sanjeev kumar
- Revisiting the Illiac SuiteЗагружено:lemurixx
- knowledge base engineeringЗагружено:varunvaa
- TTI7RЗагружено:Morosanu Andreea-Diana
- Lecture 5 Strain TransformationЗагружено:محمد عادل خٹک
- 1 ABCDEЗагружено:ms-sana
- Anderson EC T 2014Загружено:LẬP NGUYỄN TẤN
- StaticsЗагружено:Mia Jones-Johnson
- Programming MicroprocessorsЗагружено:conditioned_genesis1504
- LA202GAD.pdfЗагружено:Honey Ducusin
- (8) Where Can I Get Free PDFs of Math Olympiad Books_ - QuoraЗагружено:kale sanjay
- Surface Areas and Volumes Class Ix Assignment BackupЗагружено:luckyfromindia2002
- Finite string pattern recogniserЗагружено:Aditi Kanjolia
- kanderson techlesson plan 4Загружено:api-306013615
- VLOOKUP function.docxЗагружено:ruben diwas
- Flexible Approaches to Risk-Based Inspection of FPSOsЗагружено:alkhiat
- Ops Mgt Quiz FinalSolЗагружено:Jasmine Daisy
- Cs2060 High Speed NetworksЗагружено:Wondwesen Feleke
- Orion v15 1 Whats NewЗагружено:Karish_J89
- keybaord-8th-oxfordЗагружено:waseem
- ProjectЗагружено:Atul Kumar
- Understanding & Measuring Digital Audio LevelsЗагружено:rinnung
- Electro QB BansalЗагружено:Anshul Tiwari
- FAQ QA InterviewЗагружено:balspars
- SAP APO SNP Planning Engines Demystified_ Real-World Insights and Best PracticesЗагружено:Mani Suresh
- Lecture 1Загружено:maithuong85

## Гораздо больше, чем просто документы.

Откройте для себя все, что может предложить Scribd, включая книги и аудиокниги от крупных издательств.

Отменить можно в любой момент.