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# GEAS November 2010

## Q: One rebar has a length of 20 m and a

diameter of 25 mm. Another rebar has an
unknown length with a diameter of 20 mm.
Find its length if the two bars have eQual
amount of heat expended.
Solution:

L2 D 2
=
L1 D 1

L2 20
=
2
25

( )

( )

11

6.24 x 10 eV
1 erg

( )

go=9.81

6400 km
6400 km+6400 km

go=2. 45 m/s
Note: The radius of the earth is 6400 km
(approx.)
Q: Determine the safest velocity of a car as it
moves through a horizontal unbanked curve of
Solution:

V =6 . 74 m/ s

## Q: Calculate the osmotic pressure of a 0.200

M solution of non-ionic solute @ 25C.
Solution:
V = nRT

## eV =1. 243 x 1013 eV

Q: Rate of dissolution of water is 13.26. Find
the amount of x that will give a neutral
solution.
Solution:

## Rate of dissolution= pH + pOH

13.26=2 x

x=6 . 33 neutral

Q1=100 g 1

Q1=mc T

g
(00 C200 C)
0
cal C

Q1=2000 cal
Step 2. Change of phase (LiQuid to solid).
Lf=80cal/g

cal
Q2=100 g 80
g

= 495.54 Pa
Q: A pendulum swings 3 inches above its
lowest position. Calculate the velocity of the
pendulum @ its lowest position.
Solution:
Note: the velocity of the pendulum @ its
lowest position is maximum because all
its potential energy is converted to
kinetic energy.
P.E.

Q3=100 g 0.5

lost

= K.E.

mgh =
v=

Q2=8000 cal

## Step 3. Change of Temperature from 0C to

-10C.
Use c = 0.5 cal/gC ice

Q3=mc T

n
RT
V

= (0.200)(8.314)(25+273)

pH+ pOH =2 x

## Q: What is the amount of heat removed by the

refrigerator for 100 g of water at 20C to turn
it into ice at -10C.
Solution:
Step 1. Water turns to ice from 20C to 0C.
Use c = 1 cal/gC water

Q2=m Lf

## Q: Convert 20 ergs to eV.

Solution:

re
r e +h

V = r g

L2=1 .28 m

eV =20

go=g

cal
(1 00 C00 C )
g

Q3=500 cal
Step 4. Calculate Total Q.

QT =Q1+Q 2+Q3

QT =2000+8000+500

1
2

gain

mv2

2gh

2 ( 32.3 )

( 123 )

v = 4 ft/s
Q: How many nuclei are there in a 1 kg of
Aluminum?
Solution:
1kg Al x

1 mol
26.98154 g

number)
= 2.232x1025

QT =10. 5 kcal
Q: Find the gravitational acceleration at a
height of 6400 km above the ground.
Solution:
To God Be the Glory

## Q: 1.5x1022 molecules of oxygen @ 20C is

placed in a container with a maximum
Page 1

## capacity of 1L. What is the pressure of the

oxygen inside the container?
Solution:
PV = nkT

nkT
V

P=

## Q: Calculate the force needed to move the

wheel barrow at an inclination of 10 degrees,
loaded with 300 lbs. Neglect the weight of the
wheel barrow and the friction of the plane. y
A: 52. 09 lbs
Solution:

F=300 sin10
F=52. 09 lbs

## ( 1.5 x 1022) ( 1.3806 x 1023 ) (20+273)

(1 x 103 )
P = 60.68 kPa
Q: A solid sphere (M=12 kg, R=8 cm) rolls
without slipping across an inclined plane from
a height of 2m to the ground level. What is the
translational velocity of the sphere as it rolls
the ground?
Solution:

v=

10
gh
7

v=

10
( 9.81 )( 2 )
7

v =5 .29

## Q: A straight track of 1600 meters in length is

being trailed by a runner. He runs towards east
completing the length then returned and
stopped half-way, for which takes him a total
of five minutes. Calculate the average velocity
of the runner. y
A: 8 m/s
Solution:

v average =

m
s

## Q: A certain liQuid with density of 6.3 g/cm3 at

25oC is placed in a barometer instead of
mercury. What is the eQuivalent height of the
liQuid measured at 1 atmosphere?
Solution:
1 atm = 760 mm of Hg = 76 cm
DHg = 13.6 g/cm3

## D liQuid hli Q uid =D Hg h Hg

1600 m+800 m
60 s
5 mins(
)
1 min

= 8 m/s

Q: A car of 3400 lbs was driven by a 150 lbman encircling a rotunda of 2000 ft radius, at a
constant velocity of 60 mph. Calculate the
Centrifugal force acting on the car. y
A: 426.88 lbs
Solution:

mv
F=
r

## ( 6.03 ) hliQ uid =( 16.3 ) (76 cm)

hliquid =172 cm
Q: A solution is prepared by dissolving 9.0g of
sugar in 500g of water. What is the molar
mass of sugar at 25oC when the osmotic
pressure is 2.46 atm?
Solution:

3400 lb+150 lb
miles 5280 ft
1hr 2
)(60
(
)(
))
ft
h r 1 mile 3600 s
32.2 2
s
F=
2000 ft
F= 426.88 lbs
(

=CRT
= osmotic pressure
C = concentration
R = 8.31 LkPa/molK

## Q: Find the first freQuency overtone of the

instrument of 40 cm in length at 15 degrees
Celsius. y
A: 850 Hz

101.325 kPa
1 atm
C=
(8.31)(25+ 273)
2.46 x

Solution:

v =331+ 0 .6 (15)
v =340 m/s

C=0.1 mol/liter
9.0g of sugar in 500g of water is eQuivalent to
18g of sugar in 1000g of water. Thus,

18 g sugar
1000 g water

is eQual to

18 g sugar
.
1 Liter water

m/ s

340
f=
Hz
0 . 40
f =850 Hz
f=

18 g
liter
g
x
=180
1 Liter 0.1 mol
mol
To God Be the Glory

Page 2

## GEAS November 2010

Q. An automobile moves in a constant speed
of 50 miles/hr around a 1 mile diameter track.
Find the angular speed and period.
A.

, T= 3.8 min

miles
v
hr
= =
r .5 miles

A. 31
Solution:

50

2
2
period= =
=0.0628 h r=3.8 min
Q. A 80 cm long flexible wire has a mass of
0.40 g. It is stretched to 50 cm apart by a
force of 500N. Find the freQuency with which
the wire vibrates.
A. 1000 Hz
Solution:

v=

T
500 N
=

0.4 x 103 kg
0.8 m

v = 1264

=0.5 m
2

L=

## Q. A punching bag of mass 150 kg is attached

to an overhead beam by a rope 0.5 m long.
Manny PacQuiao hits the bag with a large force
causing it to transmit pulse to the beam. Find
the velocity of the transverse pulse if the rope
weighs 500g.
A. 38 36 m/s
Solution:

m
(0 . 5 m)
s2
(. 500 g)

( 150 kg ) 9 . 81

V= 38 .36 m/s
1.36 x 1011 . Calculate the disintegrations
per second that occurs in 100 g of radium.

No of moles =

100 g
=0.4425 moles
g
226
mole
23

## = 0.4425 moles( 6.02 x 10

= 2.665 x 1023

d=R
d=( 2.665 x 1023 ) (1.36 x 1011 )
To God Be the Glory

PV =nRT

T=

PV
R n

P: ( 1016 )

## ( 7601 atmtorr )=1.316 x 10

19

L . atm
mol . K
molecules
6.02 x 1023
mole
1000 cm 3
(
)
L

4 molecules
n=(
)
3
1 cm
R=0.821

n=6.642 x 1021

= 2L = 1 m
f = v/ = 1000/ 1 = 1000Hz

MgL
v=
m

## d = 3.624 x 1012 dis/ sec .

Q. The pressure of interplanetary space is
estimated to be in the order of 1016 torr .
This corresponds to a density of 4 molecules
per cubic cm. Determine the temperature
assigned
to
the
molecules
for
the
interplanetary space.

moles
L

( 1.31 x 1019) ( 1 )
=241 K =31 C
( 0.0821 ) ( 6.642 x 1021 )
T =
Q. A paratrooper jumps in the airplane from a
certain height above the ground. What is his
terminal velocity?
His mass is 150kg and a drag force is k=0.5 Ns/m.
A. Vt =

Vt =

mg
k
150 (9.81)
0.5

Vt = 2,943 m/s
Q. what is the molarity of ethanol content in a
liter of a 90 proof whisky?
MW of ethanol is 46 g/mol, density of alcohol is
0.8 g/ml

atoms
)
moles

## A. From the definition, 100% alcohol is 200

proof,
So , 90 proof is 45% alcohol
45% of 1 liter is 450ml.
Page 3

0.8 g 1
( 450 ml )
( mol /g)
Molarity =
ml
46
1 liter

l=. 0045 mm

( )

## Q: Determine the V of a sphere which has a

radius of 1.5m. P=3.0 x106 Pa and bulk
modulus of 6.7 x1010 Pa.

## Molarity = 7.83 mol/liter

Q. Given a surface tension af a certain liQuid,
=76.76 dyne/cm, find the height of a
capillary tube with a radius of the opening to
be 0.01cm. and a density of 1g/cc.

1 g 981 cm
( 0.01cm )
h
cc
=
s2
2

( )(

4
(1.53) = 14.13 m3
3

rpgh
2

76.76 g/ s 2

4
(r3)
3

V=
=

A. g=981cm/ s 2
=76.76 dyne/cm = 76.76g/ s 2
p=density
=

Soln:

h=15.65cm
Q. A certain wire has a radius of 0.2m is
suspended and acts as a pendulum. It has a
mass of 0.5kg. find k in time 4s. A.
I =

m R2
2

V o P
B

## ( 14.13 )(3.0 x 106 )

6.7 x 1010

6.32 x 10-4 m
Q: Determine the wavelength of electron
whose mass m is moving v. Using
deBroglie formula.
Soln:

h
mv

ans

## where h = planks constant

Q: Determine the wavelength of a 5gram
object moving 1 m/s

0.2m

I=
2
(0.5 kg)

Soln:

I = 0.01kg- m 2
Find k.
t=4sec

t= 2

I
k

K= 0.0247
Q. Aluminum of length 2m is suspended in the
ceiling and is allowed to carry a load of 5kg. It
has a radius of 0.01m. (By the thorough
experiment made by Sir Mel Maceda in Texas
labs, it was found out that the modulus of
elasticity of aluminum is 6.9x 1010 N/ m 2 ).
Find the length of elongation caused by the
A.

l=

Fl
EA

l=

r2 =

(0.01)2

( 49 N ) (2 m)

## To God Be the Glory

6.62 x 1034
( 5 x 103 ) ( 1m )
s

= 1.324x10^-

37m
Q: How much larger is the energy absorb of
water at 340K use as solar panel compare to
salt 310K. assume the ambient temperature is
293K
Soln:

T 4 ( Ta ) 4
4

T ( Ta )

## ( 340 )4( 293 )4

( 310 )4( 293 )4
= 3.2

F = (5kg)(9.81m/ s 2 ) = 49N
A=

h
mv

## Q: what is the rest mass energy of electron in

ergs?
Solution:
E = mc2
E = (9.11 x 10-28 g)(3 x 1010 cm/s)2
Page 4

Ans.

## Q: a 4 inch thick brick has one temperature

350 oF and other temperature of 100 oF, what
is the temperature gradient of the brick?
Solution:
T / L = (T1 - T2) / L
T / L = (350 100) / 4
T / L = 62.5 oF / in
Ans.
Q: a large diamond from africa is 44.5 carrat.
Find the number of of atoms of carbon in that
diamond.
Solution:
1 carrat = 0.2 grams
carbon atomic mass = 12.011 grams /
mol
mass = (44.5 carrat)(0.2 g / carrat)
= 8.9 g
number of moles = (8.9 g) / (12.011 g /
mol)

( 110 ) (5 ) (60)
I R2 t
VIt
Q=
=
=
4.186 4.186
4.186
Q = 7883.421 cal
A 200lbs block is in contact on the horizontal
plane and is moved by a force of 100lbs. If its
coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.2. How 200lb
long will it take to change the velocity of 4ft/s
to 10ft/s?

Ft = g (v 2v 1)
(200 0.2(100))t = (100/32.2)(10 4)
t = 0.1035 seconds
The average kinetic energy of the molecular
gas is 6.2x1021. Find the temperature of the
gas molecule.

3
E= KT
2
6.2x1021 = (3/2)(1.38x10-23)T
T = _______
Q: What is the final value of P10000 after 10
years when compounded continuously with a
nominal interest at 3%.
m

= 0.741 moles

F=P e

.03 (10)

F=10000 e
number of atoms = (0.741 moles)(NA)
= 4.463 x 1023 atoms

A: P13498.60

Ans.
Q: a watch repairman has a magnifying glass
with focal length 8 cm to view the part of
watch which is 1.3 cm wide. What is the
maximum apparent size of the part of the
watch viewed on the lens?
Solution:
M = 1 + (25 cm / f)
M = 1 + (25 cm / 8 cm)
M = 4.1
Maximum apparent size = 4.1 x 1.3 cm
= 5.33 cm
Ans.

Q: FORMULA TO USE:

2 KL ( T 2T 1 )
H=
R
ln 2
R1

K-thermal conductivity
L-length of the cylinder
T1-temperature in Kelvin of the wire
T2-temperature in Kelvin of the cylinder
How many calories are developed in 1min in
an electric heater which draws 5A that is
connected on a 110V line?
To God Be the Glory

## Q: What is 1amu in MeV

1 amu=1 amu

MeV
( 9311 amu
)

A: 1amu = 931MeV
Q: A specific ore is composed of 17.2% iron
compound. This compound is in turn
composed of 69.9% iron. What percent of the
ore is iron?

)}

## 17.2 g of iron compound

69.9 g of iron
100 = i
100 g of iron ore
100 g of iron compound

## A: 12% of iron in ore

Q: An amount is compounded continuously
with an annual interest rate of 6%. How many
years is it compounded if the compound
amount factor is 5.57767282?

em 1
=compounded amount factor
e r1

Page 5

## GEAS November 2010

en (0.06)1
=5.57767282
e 0.061

3 .3 x 1026 kgm/s
where:

## h=PLanc k ' sconstant

h=6.62 x 1034 J s

A: n=5years
Q: A biker starts to lose control of his bike at
an altitude of 1480m. At this moment his
velocity is 100m/s Find his velocity at 480m
above sea level.
2

V =V 0 +2 g h
V = 1002 +2 ( 9.8 ) (1480480)

## Problem: The solar constant or Quantity of

0.14W/cm2. Assuming that the sun may be
regarded as ideal radiator, calculate the
surface temperature of the sun. The ratio of
is 216.
Solution:
Using Stefans Law,

A: V = 172m/s

T 4=

## Q: How long will it take to heat up 100g of

water by 50oC using a 240V, 20-ohm heating
element?

T 4=

Q=mc T

J
(50o C)
g C

## (2880 Js )t=( 100 g) ( 4.180 gJC )(50 C)

o

A: t = 7.257s
Q: How much heat must be absorbed by a
250g ice at -80oC to be a liQuid at 22oC? Cice=
2.3 J/goC
Q1 = mcT = (250g)(2.3)(8) = 4600J
Q2 = mLf = (250g)(333.5 KJ/kg) = 83.375J

( r / R )2

0.14 W /cm
(216)2
W K
5.6 x 1012 2
cm deg4
3
T =5 .84 x 10 K
Problem: A 150 lb person runs up a 15 ft
stairway in 10 s. What is the hp rating of the
person?
Solution:

p=

mg h (150 ) (15)
ft lb
=
=225
x
t
10
s

0 . 41 hp
Problem: What is the maximum efficiency of
steam turbine where steam entering the
turbine is heated to
655 and exhausted
at 115 ?
Solution:

efficiency=1

## Q3 = mcT = (250g)(4.184 J/goC)(22oC) =

23012J
A: QT = 22.7KJ
Q: What is the change in entropy of a system
where Tcold = 52oC, Thot = 128oC 2500J

S= S cold S h ot
S=

2500 J
2500 J

A: S = 1.46J/K

## Problem: What is the momentum of photon

with wavelength 20nm?
Solution:

h 6.62 x 1034 J s
momentum= =

20 x 109 m
To God Be the Glory

1 hp
ft lb
550
s

Tc
TH

(115 +273)
=0 . 582
(655+273)

## Note: temperature must be in Kelvin

Problem: Find the velocity of sound (in m/s)
at room temperature.
Solution:

.6
T
degree Celsius
.6
V =331+
(20) = 343m/s
degree Celsius
V =331+

## Problem: As 1 kg of air evaporates, it exerts

1.7 x 10^5 of work on the atmosphere. What
is the change in volume?
Solution:
'

V V =

W 1.7 x 105
=
=1.7
P 1.1 x 105

Page 6

## GEAS November 2010

Problem: Find the length of a meter stick (Lo
= 1m) if it travels at the speed of 3.7 meters
per second.
Solution:

c
v

8
3 x 10
3.7 x 108

L = Lo

L = Lo

0.85
g
m
g 13 2
s
Ans.
= 0.44

Solution:

1
1 1
=R 2 2

2 n
1
1 1
=(1.097 x 107) 2 2

2 6
7
=4.102 x 10

## Problem: A pendulum of 3ft long has one end

attached to a fixed point and the other end
carries a 4lb block. When then pendulum
swings back and forth, it was found out that
the velocity is 10 ft/s, at a position which the
string is at an angle of 45. What is the tension
of the string at that instant?
Solution:

mv 2
T=
+mgcos
R
2
4 10
T=
+4 cos 45
32 3
T =6.995 lb. ft

( )

## Note: for red line: n=4

For blue green: n=3
Problem: How much heat is reQuired to
change a temperature of 3 moles of monoatomic ideal gas of 55K at a constant pressure.

## Q: A stone is dropped into the well. Three

seconds later, the sound is heard from the top
of the well. What is the distance between the
top of the well and the water surface? Assume
sound travels at 1100 ft/s
A: Soln:

t2 = time in going up
t1 t 2 3

EQuation 1
In going down, it is free-falling

5
Q= nRT
2
5
J
Q= ( 3 moles ) 8.31
( 55 )
2
mol . K
Q=3.427 kJ

t1

## Problem: What is the velocity of the Leo

satellite with an altitude of 15000km?
Solution:

6400 km
6400 km +15000 km
g=0.88 m/ s2

v = gr
v = 0.88(6400 km+15000 km)
v =4339.58 m/s
To God Be the Glory

1 2
gt
2

2y
g EQuation 2

In going up,

t2

y
Vsound

y
1100 EQuation 3

1:

( )

g=9.81

Let

Solution:

re
g=g o
r e +h

L
g

T 2
1.6 2

## Problem: What is the wavelength of a violet

line (n=6) in a hydrogen line spectra using the
Balmers eQuation.

## Q: A pendulum 85cm long oscillates at a

period of 1.6s. What is the gravitational
acceleration for this condition?
A: Soln:

2y
y

3
g 1100
Solving y using Q.E. we get,
Ans.

y 132.6 ft

Page 7

## Q: A straight track is 1600m length. A runner

begins at the starting line, runs due east for
full length, turns around and run halfway back.
The time for this run is 5min. What is the
average velocity of the runner?
A: Soln:

Vave

Vave

displacement
elapsedtime

cos

m
s

mg
4 mL n 2
32

1 rev
4 2 10

2 s

0.324

71o

## Q: What is the efficiency of the turbine that

operates in a superheated steam at a
o
temperature of 180 C and it exhaust is cooled
o

at 12 C ?
A: Soln:

Eff 1

Eff 1

TC
TH

12 273

180 273

Eff 37.1%

Ans.

## Q: A curve in a road has an arc w/ 150ft radius.

If the roadbend is 30ft wide and the outer
bound is 4ft higher than the inner bound, for
what velocity is the road ideally banked?
A: Soln:

x 2 42 302
x 884

tan

4
0.135
884

## To God Be the Glory

ft
s

ft
s

Ans.
Q: What thermal gradient is to be applied to
aluminum (2cmx4cm) if the heat flow is to be
100 J/s. The thermal conductivity of aluminum

J
s m deg

Q
T
t
L
kA 205

Ans.

25

is
A: Soln:

Ans.
Q: The string of the conical pendulum is 10ft
and the bob has a mass of slug. The
pendulum is rotated rev/s. Find the angle of
the string make with the vertical.
A: Soln:

cos

v 25

205

1600 800
60s
5 min

1min

Vave 2.7

100

J
s

J
0.02 x0.04
s m deg
T
deg
610
m
Ans. L

610

deg
m

## Q: A piston and a cylinder are used to

compress a 1 mol of ideal gas from 0.010 m3
to 0.005 m3. If the system is kept at 150
degree Celsius, how much is the heat
released?
A: Soln:

V f

Vi

Q nRT ln

0.005

Q 1mol 8.314
150 273 ln

mol K

0.010

Ans. Q 2, 400 J
Q: 10 calories of heat was added to a 1 gram
of water. Calculate the change in mass of
water.
A: 4.67 x 10-10
E = 10 calories = 4.19 x 107 ergs
E = mc2

E
2
c

m =

4.19 x 107

( 3 x 1 08 )

= 4.67 x 10-

10

## Q: What is the speed of light passing through

a glass medium (n=1.5)?
A: 200 x 106
v=

c
n

3 x 108
1.5

= 200 x 106

## Q: What is the force reQuired to produce C

(512 Hz) given that 100N is needed to produce
C (256 Hz)?
A: 400N

F'
F
F=

'2

f '2
f2

f
2
f

F = 100 (

5122
) = 400N
256 2
Page 8

## Q: A refrigerator extracts heat at 250 joules

per cycle. If it works at 53 joules per cycle, find
the coefficient of performance.
A. 4.7
Solution:

W=

Q
K

where: W work
Q heat extracted
K coefficieny of performance

250 J
K
250 J
K=
=4.7
53 J

53 J =

## Q: A solid circular disk with a weight of 32.2

lbs and a diameter of 3ft. is suspended from a
vertical wire on its midpoint horizontally. The
wire has a diameter of

1
8

## Its modulus of elasticity is G=12 lb/ft2.

Calculate the period of torsional vibration.
A: 339.29 x 103
Radius of disk 1.5 ft = 18 inches
L = 3ft = 36 inches

1
12

G = 12 lb/ft2 =

Jwire =

T = 2

= 4.125

## Image size = 1.3 x 4.125 = 5.3625

Q: A company must relocate one of its
factories in three years. The eQuipment for
initial cost of the eQuipment is P20, 000 and
its salvage value after three years is P8, 000. If
the companys rate of return in money is 10%,
calculate the capital recovery per year.
A. P5, 625.38
Solution:

## Q: Given the data above, compute the heat

discharged in a room.
A: 303 Joules
QDISCHARGED = 53 + 250 = 303 J

Idisk =

25 cm
8 cm

M=1+

W 2
r
g
2
D
32

lb/inch2

32.2
( 18 )2
32.2
2

1 4
( )
8
32

IL
JG

= 162

= 2.4 x 10-5

1
)
12

= 339.29 x 103
Q: A scientist is studying a specimen which
has 1.3 cm width and is using a magnifying
lens with focal length of 8 cm. What is the
largest apparent image that the lens can
produce?
A: 5.3625
For maximum magnification,
M=1+

25 cm
f

= P5, 625.38

## Q: If the wavelength of a stone moving at 1

m/s is 1.3x1031 m, find the mass of the stone.
A. 5g
Solution:

h
mv

6.626 1034 J . s
1.3 1031=
m
m 1
s
m=0.005 kg=5 g
where:

( )

## Q: The sheets of brass and steel, each of

thickness of 1cm, are placed in contact. The
outer surface of the brass is kept at 100 oC. The
outer surface of the steel is kept at 0oC. Find
the temperature at the common interface. The
thermal conductivities of brass and steel are in
the ratio of 2:1.
A. 67oC
Solution:

k1
T
=
k 2 100 CT

162(36)
(2.4 x 105)(

## Capital recovery per year=annualinterest +annual deprecia

( 20, 0008, 000 )
Capital recovery per year=( 20,000 )( 0.10 )+
3
(1+0.10)

Where:

k1
=2
k2
2=

T
100 CT

2 (100 T )=T
T =66.67 =67
Q: Two moles of an ideal gas are compressed
slowly and isothermally from a volume of 4.0
to 1.0 ft3 at a temperature of 300K. How much
work is done?
Page 9

## GEAS November 2010

A. 6900 kJ
Solution:

V
W =2. 303 nR T 1 log 2
V1
kJ
1
W =2.303 ( 2 ) 8.314
( 300 K ) log
mol K
4
W =6900 kJ

()

## Q: A rectangular drinking trough for animals is

2.1m long, 43.1cm wide, and 27cm deep. It
contains 2.75kg with specific volume of
1.7dm3/kg. What is the height?
ANS: 5.16 m

V =lwh
V
h=
lw

1 m3
kg 1000 d m3
( 2.1 ) (0.431)

( 2.75 x 1 05 ) 1.7 d m
h=

)(

h=5. 16 m

W a c =W a bW bc
W a c =15, 00011, 000
W a c =4, 000

## Q: What is the change of entropy of 235 g of

ice melts into water?
A. 286 J/K
Since there is no given temperature, it is
assumed that ice melts at 0 C. the latent
heat of fusion of the ice is 333 kJ/kg

( 0+273 K )
kJ
0.286
K
286 J / K

## Q: A steam has an overall efficiency of 25%.

What is the rate at which heat is supplied to
2hp engine?
ANS: 20352 tu/hr

efficiency=
Q: Air is expanded isothermally to atmospheric
pressure and then cooled y a constants
pressure until it reaches its initial volume. It
occupies a volume of 5 ft 3 and the gauge
pressure is 15
A. 4, 000 lb-ft

lb
2

## . How much work is done?

Solution:
Step 1: Solve the volume after expansion
(boyles law)

V b=

Pa V a
=
Pb

( lftb ) (5 ft )
( 14.7 ) 144
( lftb )

lb ft

W
Q

W
efficiency
2544 tu/hr
1hp
)
2 hp
Q=
=8 hp
0.25
Q=20352 tu /hr
Q=

## Q: As explosives, TNT burns and releases

energy of
4.2 x 106 kJ/kg. The molecular
weight of TNT is 227 kg. Calculate the energy
released by one molecule of TNT.
A. 9.87 eV

27

1 amu=1. 66 x 10

V b=10 ft

## Step 2: Solve the work done during isobaric

W a b =PV b ln

Vb
Va

( )

lb
( 10 ft 3 ) ln 10
2
5
ft
W a b =15,000 l b ft

W a b =( 14.7 ) 144

( )

## Step 3: Solve the work done during volume

change

W bc =Pb ( V bV a )
lb
W bc =( 14.7 ) 144 2 (10 ft5 ft )
ft
W bc =11, 000 l b ft

## Step 4: Solve the net work

To God Be the Glory

## Energy released=4.2 x 106

kg

kJ (
1.66 x 1027 x 227 kg ) =1.58 x 1
kg

## Q: Calculate the wavelength in nanometer of x

ray photon given the momentum of
6.62 x 1026 kg m/ s2 .
A. 10 nm

p=

m 6.63 x 1034 J s
=
2

s
8
=1.001 x 10 m
=10 nm
Q: Five kg of aluminum ( C v =0.91 J /gm K )
6.62 x 1026 kg

at

## 250 K is placed in contact with 15 kg of copper

( C v =0.36 J / gm K )

no
heat
transfer,
temperature.
A. 318 K

calculate

the

final

Page 10

## Q Al=mC v T =( 5 ) ( 0.91 ) (T 250 K )

QCu=mC v T =( 15 )( 0.36 )( T 375 K )

E=mc 2
3 x 1 08

E= (1 kg )

Q Al+ QCu=0

## ( 5 ) ( 0.91 )( T 250 ) + ( 15 )( 0.36 ) ( T 375 )=0

4.55 T 1137.5 K + 5.4 T 2025 K = 0
9.95 T = 3162.5 K
T = 318 K
Q: An FM broadcast at 98.1 MHz. If the
transmitter has 5.0 x 104 W power, calculate
the emitted photons per second.
A. 7 . 687 x 1029 photons/s

E=hf
( 6.63 x 1034 J s ) ( 98.1 x 106 )
6.50403 x 1026 J

=7 . 687 x 10 29 photons/s
Q: If the suns surface temperature increases
by a factor of 2, the resulting temperature of
the earths atmosphere would .
ANS: decrease by
temperature

of

## Note: 1 light year = 3.1 x 107 s

9 x 1 016 J

1
( 1001J / s )( 100 energy
)

= 9x1012s

9 x 1 012 s
=290322 years
7
3.1 x 1 0 s / year
Q: Calculate the volume of a 0.3N base to
neutralize 3L of 0.01N nitric acid.
ANS: 0.1L
Note: Normality = eQuivalent /liter
For neutralization, the eQuivalent weight of
the base is eQual to the eQuivalent weight of
the acid.

P
5.0 x 104 W
= =
E 6.50403 x 1026 J

Let: T =
atmosphere

the

earths

## originaltemp . of the sun

2n
originaltemp . of t h e sun
T=
2
2
originaltemp . of the sun
T=
4
T=

N A V A =N V
( 0.01 ) (3 )=( 0.3 ) V
V =0 .1 L
Q: A 50kg 100 hp engine in a closed system is
separated from its surroundings. Find the time
for the system to rise to 10C.
ANS: 28 sec
100hp x (746W/1hp) = 74600 W or J/s
1 cal = 4.186 J

P=74600

J
1 cal
x
s 4.186 J

= 17821 cal/s

## Rate (t) =mcT

(17821 cal/s) t = (5000g)(1 cal/gC)(10C)
t = 28s

## Q: A 1kg body is converted entirely into

energy. How long will a light bulb be
illuminated? A 100W light bulb is 100 energy.

Page 11