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GUIDANCE NOTES AND INFORMATION


These spreadsheets undertake structural pipeline design for pressure pipelines in accordance
with BS EN 1295-1 National Annex A, as updated by Corrigenda May 06 and July 08
The spreadsheets are designed for open cut installations only. If you have trenchless installations
please contact the Pipeline Engineering team in High Wycombe
The spreadsheets are valid for depths of cover between 0.6m and 6m. If you are outside these limits
please contact the Pipeline Engineering team in High Wycombe
Guidance on the values to be used for input can be found in the reference document
BSEN1295_PRESSURE_270607.doc
Please note that the soil moduli used are Spangler moduli, as detailed in BS EN 1295-1, and in
the MWH guidance document BSEN1295_PRESSURE_270607.doc
The CIS reference link provided on the right hand side of the spreadsheet pulls up a page of icons in KNet.
Select the top left icon (labelled CIS), and then enter the number of the BS in the search bar. This will pull
up that standard for reference or download
Ensure that you can see the "comments" associated with some cells - when opening the spreadsheet for
the first time sometimes these are not visible

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

STEEL PRESSURE PIPELINE


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
Steel Grade
External diameter (Nominal)
Wall thickness
Internal diameter
Modulus of Elasticity
Second moment of area of pipe wall
Length of pipes
Pipe stiffness
Density of mild steel
Cement mortar lined pipe
Allowable angular rotation
Yield Strength
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Deflection lag factor
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING


Units

m
m
m
MN/m2
mm4/mm
m
N/m2
Kg/m3
degrees
MN/m2

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m

Symbol

Do
t
Di
E
I
L
S

Fy

H
B

E`3
E`2
DL
Pi, max
Pi, min

bar
bar

Value

Notes (assumed values etc)

X42
1
0.009
0.982
200000
6.075E-008
12
13190
7850
N
3.4
275

1
1.85
20
2
4
0.15
1.5
7
-1
1

CALCULATIONS
Greatorex's stiffness ratio
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo Effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Angle of rotation

kN/m2

Long-term critical buckling pressure


Short-term critical buckling pressure
Factor of safety (buckling)
Settlement
Deflection
Rocker pipe length
Hoop stress (Barlow)
Factor of safety (against bursting)

n
C1
C2
Pb

kN/m2

Pt
CL

MN/m2
degrees

E'

kN/m2

Pcrl

kN/m

Pcrs
FOS
Z
Y

mm
%
m
kN/m2

FOS

0.75
1.28
1
25.61
65.00
0.64
2.56
0.0248
270.26
270.26
2.15
5.19
2.70
1.25
38189
7.20

OK (FOS>2)
OK
OK (deflection<5%)

OK (FOS>2)

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)


Density of steel
Weight of pipe
Saturated density of soil
Weight of soil

kN/m3
kN/m

Steel
Wp

kN/m3
kN/m

sat
Ws

Area of water displaced


Density of water
Weight of displaced water

m2

Aw

Flotation

kN/m
kN/m

78
2.19
20
20.00

w
Ww

0.79
10
7.85

FOS

2.82

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

DUCTILE IRON PRESSURE PIPELINES


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
Type
Internal diameter (Nominal)
External diameter
Initial stiffness
Length of pipes
Allowable angular rotation
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Deflection lag factor
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING


Units

m
m
kN/m2
m
degrees

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m
bar
bar

Symbol

Di
Do
STIS
L

H
B

E`3
E`2
T
DL
Pi, max
Pi, min

Value

Notes (assumed values etc)

Integral
0.35
0.378
88
5.5
1

4.5
1
20
5
5
0.15
1.5
20
0
1

CALCULATIONS
Greatorex's stiffness ratio
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo Effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Settlement
Angle of rotation
Deflection
Rocker pipe length

kN/m2
kN/m2
MN/m2
mm
degrees
%

n
C1
C2
Pb
Pt
CL
E'
Z
Y
m

Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)


DI
Density of ductile iron
kN/m3
Wp
Weight of pipe
kN/m
sat
Saturated density of soil
kN/m3
Ws
Weight of soil
kN/m
Aw
Area of water displaced
m2
3
w
Density of water
kN/m
W
Weight of displaced water
kN/m
w
Flotation

FOS

0.38
1.46
1
131.52
5.96
1.00
5.00
5.03
0.0524
1.67
0.6

71.5
1.14
20
34.02
0.11
10
1.12
31.34

OK
OK

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

POLYETHYLENE PRESSURE PIPELINES


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
Material grade
Standard dimension ratio
External diameter (Nominal)
Wall thickness
Modulus of elasticity
Pipe stiffness
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Strain factor
Deflection lag factor
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING


Units

m
m
MN/m2
N/m2

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m

bar
bar

Symbol

SDR
Do
t
E
S

Value

Notes (assumed values etc)

PE100
11.0
0.125
0.0114
1100
92638

H
B

E`3
E`2
T
Df
DL
Pi, max
Pi, min

4.5
0.205
20
7
3
0.15
3.75
1.5
4
0
1

C
C1
C2
Pb
Pt
CL

0.25
1.00
1.00
90.00

CALCULATIONS
Creep factor
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Deflection
Long-term critical buckling pressure

kN/m2
kN/m2
MN/m2
%
kN/m2
kN/m2

E'
Y
Pcrl
Pcrs

Short-term critical buckling pressure


Factor of safety (buckling)
FOS
Combined stress
MPa
fc
Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)
PE
Density of PE
kN/m3
W
Weight of pipe
kN/m
p
Saturated density of soil
Weight of soil

kN/m3
kN/m

sat
Ws

Area of water displaced


Density of water
Weight of displaced water
Flotation

m2

Aw

kN/m3
kN/m

w
Ww

Additional Comments:

FOS

5.96
1.00
3.00
3.18
361.56
571.30
3.86
1.54

OK (deflection<6%)

OK (FOS>2)
OK (<8MPa)

9.35
0.04
20
11.25
0.01
10
0.12
91.98

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

PVC-U PRESSURE PIPELINES IN ROADS


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
External diameter (Nominal)
Wall thickness
Modulus of elasticity
Pipe stiffness
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Deflection lag factor
Strain factor
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING


Units

Symbol

Value

m
m
MN/m2
N/m2

Do

0.4
0.0123
2800
7451

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m

H
B

E`3
E`2
T
DL
Df
Pi, max
Pi, min

4.5
0.6
20
5
5
0.15
1.5
4.3
4
0.1
1

C
C1
C2
Pb
Pt
CL

0.18
1.00
1.00
90.00

bar
bar

t
E
S

Notes (assumed values etc)

CALCULATIONS
Creep factor
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Deflection
Long-term critical buckling pressure
Short-term critical buckling pressure
Factor of safety (buckling)
Combined stress

kN/m2
kN/m2
MN/m2
%
kN/m2
kN/m2

E'
Y
Pcrl
Pcrs

MPa

FOS
fc

Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)


PVC-U
Density of PVC-U
kN/m3
Wp
Weight of pipe
kN/m
Saturated density of soil
Weight of soil

kN/m3
kN/m

sat
Ws

Area of water displaced


Density of water
Weight of displaced water
Flotation

m2
kN/m3
kN/m

Aw
w
Ww

Additional Comments:

FOS

5.96
1.00
5.00
3.71
198.85
350.18
2.27
4.89

OK (deflection<6%)

OK (FOS>2)
OK (combined stress<15MPa)

14
0.21
20
36.00
0.13
10
1.26
28.81

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

GRP PRESSURE PIPELINES


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
Internal diameter (Nominal)
External diameter
Mean diameter
Wall thickness
Pipe stiffness
Length of pipes
Allowable angular rotation
Limiting strain due to pressure
Limiting strain due to bending
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Deflection lag factor
Strain factor
Hoop tensile modulus
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING


Units
m
m
m
m
N/m2
m
degrees
%
%

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m

MPa
bar
bar

Symbol

Value

Di
Do
Dm

1.4042
1.448
1.4261
0.0219
10000
6
0.5
0.90
1.20

t
S
L
tu
bu

H
B

E`3
E`2
T
DL
Df
EH
Pi, max
Pi, min

1.5
2.2
20
4
5
0.15
1.5
4.3
4640
1.5
0
1

C
n
C1
C2
Pb

0.4
0.95
1.13
1.00

Notes (assumed values etc)

CALCULATIONS
Creep factor
Greatorex's stiffness ratio
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo Effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Deflection

kN/m2

Long-term critical buckling pressure


Short-term critical buckling pressure
Factor of safety (buckling)
Strain in pipe walls due pressure
Strain in pipe walls due to bending
Factor of safety (strain)
Settlement
Angle of rotation
Rocker pipe length

kN/m

kN/m

MN/m2
%
2

Pt
CL
E'
Y
Pcrl

kN/m2

Pcrs

%
%

FOS
t
b

mm
degrees

Z
m

33.86
35.72
0.85
4.24
2.38
255.50
345.71
4.24
0.0802
0.16
9.41
2.56
0.0245
1.25

OK (deflection<5%)

OK (FOS>2)
OK - strain due to pressure <

0.56

OK - strain due to bending <

0.75

OK (FOS>1.75)
OK
OK

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)


Density of GRP
Weight of pipe
Saturated density of soil
Weight of soil

kN/m3
kN/m

GRP
Wp

kN/m3
kN/m

sat
Ws

Area of water displaced


Density of water
Weight of displaced water

m2

Aw

Flotation

kN/m
kN/m

18.5
1.82
20
43.44

w
Ww

1.65
10
16.47

FOS

2.75

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Revision R - SJRD/PH 22/11/07

Checked

Reviewed

Date Printed

7/7/2016

PROJECT

Date

Part of Work

Job Number
Page

Calcs by

Checked

Reviewed

Input the data in BLACK for your pipeline, GREEN are auto update and check the acceptability of the results shown in RED.
Please ensure cell comments / comment indicators are being displayed, so that essential information is not missed.

moPVC PRESSURE PIPELINES IN ROADS


VARIABLE INPUTS
Pipe Properties
External diameter (Nominal)
Wall thickness
Modulus of elasticity
Pipe stiffness
Installation variables
Depth of cover
Trench width
Soil density
Native soil modulus
Modulus of surround
Thickness of bedding
Deflection lag factor
Strain factor
Max pressure
Min pressure - vacuum ONLY
Loading condition

NORMAL ROAD LOADING

Units

Symbol

Value

m
m
MN/m2
N/m2

Do

0.4
0.0123
2800
7451

m
m
kN/m3
MN/m2
MN/m2
m

H
B

E`3
E`2
T
DL
Df
Pi, max
Pi, min

4.5
0.6
20
5
5
0.15
1.5
4.3
4
0.1
1

C
C1
C2
Pb
Pt
CL

0.18
1.00
1.00
90.00

bar
bar

t
E
S

Notes (assumed values etc)

CALCULATIONS
Creep factor
Backfill load concentration factor
Silo effect
Backfill pressure
Traffic pressure - Normal Roads
Leonhardt's coefficient
Overall modulus of soil reaction
Deflection
Long-term critical buckling pressure
Short-term critical buckling pressure
Factor of safety (buckling)
Combined stress

kN/m2
kN/m2
MN/m2
%
kN/m2
kN/m2

E'
Y
Pcrl
Pcrs

MPa

FOS
fc

Flotation check (assuming ground water at ground level)


PVC-U
Density of PVC-U
kN/m3
Wp
Weight of pipe
kN/m
Saturated density of soil
Weight of soil

kN/m3
kN/m

sat
Ws

Area of water displaced


Density of water
Weight of displaced water
Flotation

m2
kN/m3
kN/m

Aw
w
Ww

Additional Comments:

FOS

5.96
1.00
5.00
3.71
198.85
350.18
2.27
4.89

OK (deflection<6%)

OK (FOS>2)
OK (combined stress<29.5MPa)

14
0.21
20
36.00
0.13
10
1.26
28.81

OK (FOS>1.25)

Additional Comments:

Revision S - SJRD/PH 15/09/08

Date Printed

7/7/2016