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PROCESS & compression SYSTEMS

NATCO SHV Combustor

GAS

Thermal oxidizer system that removes 99.9% of all BTEX and VOC emissions

The internals involved in


the SHV Combustor

Camerons NATCO SHV CombustorTM is a compact and

Highlights

natural-draft thermal oxidizer developed by modification

Functions based on the reliable (20 year-old) SHV flares


patented eductor design

of the successful superheater vapor (SHV) flare technology.


The combustor is designed to have an advantage of
both flares and incinerators by having a low flame and

Control over combustion air inlet at all three zones


provides wide operating range

a wide-open external combustor area to allow for the

Tertiary air cooling eliminates need for refractory

proper combustion and enable increased destruction of


hydrocarbons.
Increasing demand for higher destruction removal
efficiency (DRE) of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
from remissions vent gases or any other gas-processing
systems was the primary motive for designing the
combustor. Typically, any open-flare systems have DRE
between 95% and 98%. With environmental regulations
becoming more stringent, the SHV Combustor provides
increased comfort for your process by burning off all your
emissions to flames. The combustor guarantees more than
99.9% DRE of all VOCs.

Features and Benefits of the SHV Combustor


Natural-draft thermal oxidizer system requires no
refractory
Provides high DRE of all VOCs (more than 99.9%)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-approved stack
testing results to confirm DRE claims
Reduced fuel gas requirements
Virtually eliminates liquid collection/disposal when used
with a vapor superheater
Single unit can process multiple waste gas streams

Data Sheet | TC9814-068

EPA-recommended sample points for stack testing and


ladder and platform access provided as standard

Emission Control Applications


The combustors primary application is controlling gases
from the glycol dehydration process, but it also can be
applied to any oil and gas facility that requires VOC emission
control such as amine tail gas, storage tank vapors and
casing gases.

SHV Combustor System


The SHV Combustor system can be supplied with new
equipment or retrofitted to existing glycol dehydration
systems. The waste gases, a combination of liquids
and vapors, flow through an optional exchanger (vapor
superheater) where they are heated by the reboiler
stack flue gas.
The superheated vapors are piped through an inline
arrestor, which retards flame propagation. The vapor and
condensate liquid flow into the combustor inlet. The liquids
are gravity-fed into the liquid collection chamber (blowcase)
and the superheated vapors are inspirited to the lowpressure side of the eductor.
Natural gas is used as the supplemental fuel, increasing the
Btu level of the waste gases stream to a level required for
complete combustion.

PROCESS & compression SYSTEMS

L O C AT I ONS

Performance

Sizing

A thermal oxidizers performance is dependent

The size selection of each unit is done by

upon three essential factors, i.e., the 3 Ts:

considering both the volumetric flow rate of

temperature, time and turbulence. Excess

the waste gases as well as their heating value.

oxygen is another important factor. The SHV

Vapor emissions from the glycol dehydration

USA

Combustor was designed by considering these

process tend to vary significantly in terms

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factors to ensure superior performance.

of heating value based on the operating

The temperature in the combustion zone is

conditions. Therefore, it is not ideal to size

maintained above 1600 F (871 C) and the

emission-control devices based solely on

enclosed chamber is sized to provide enough

volumetric flow rate. Access to air control

retention time for the hot gases. The premixed

through dampers at both secondary and

air at the primary stage, along with a unique

tertiary stages provides significant turndown

design of air damper, provide all air for

capability to the SHV Combustor and allows for

combustion through the secondary air dampers

fluctuations in both water vapor volume as well

and allows for necessary turbulence and

as heat content.

Combustor from currently available thermal


oxidizers is the enclosure and insulation

Houston, TX 77041

United Kingdom
Cameron House
61-73 Staines Road West
Sunbury-on-Thames
Middlesex, TW16 7AH
England, UK
Tel +44.1932.732000

2 Gul Circle (Gate 2)


Standard
Model

Waste Gas
Rate (cf/hr)

HHV
Range

External Chamber
Size CBtu/cf
(dia, in. x ht, ft)

V1-H1

500-1000

50-250

22 x 10

V1-H2

500-1000

250-500

22 x 10

mechanism. The SHV Combustor does not use

V1-H3

500-1000

501-1000

30 x 15

air refractory, but instead uses excess air drawn

V2-H1

1001-2000

50-250

22 x 10

at a tertiary stage to help control the radiation

V2-H2

1001-2000

250-500

30 x 15

V2-H3

1001-2000

501-1000

36 x 20

from the flame. Air drafted through the

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Singapore

complete combustion.
The biggest aspect differentiating the SHV

United States of America

V3-H1

2001-4000

50-250

30 x 15

tertiary damper takes away the radiating heat

V3-H2

2001-4000

250-500

36 x 20

from the flame up the stack and maintains the

V3-H3

2001-4000

501-1000

45 x 22-1/2

external surface temperature at a low level.

V4-H1

4001-8000

50-250

36 x 20

Combustion computational fluid dynamic

V4-H2

4001-8000

250-500

45 x 22-1/2

V4-H3

4001-8000

501-1000

57 x 27-1/2

models have been used to analyze the

Jurong, Singapore 629560


Tel +65.6861.3355
Other locations
Abu Dhabi
Australia
Brazil
Calgary
Colombia
France
Japan

performance and improve the design of the

Malaysia

SHV Combustor. The temperature profile shows

Mexico

the effectiveness of the internal combustion


zone in sustaining the high temperatures for

Russia

the waste gases and the cooling effect the

Saudi Arabia

tertiary chamber provides. The hydrocarbon


www.c-a-m.com

profile indicates the zone of combustion within


the internal shield and nearly 100% destruction
of all volatile compounds.

Temperature
Profile
Temperature profile showing
uniform flame

2012 Cameron | NATCO and BTEX are registered trademarks of Cameron | Printed in USA | 1/12 TC9814-068

Hydrocarbon
Profile
Complete hydrocarbon
destruction in SHV
Combustor