Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

. . , . .

624.074.4.04:539.374:681.3



1. .

- (. [1]). , -,
, ,
, .
(
) - (
) .
. ,
,
, .
[24],
,
,
,
.
, [5,6]
, [5]
. [7],
, . ,
10%.
, .
[8]
,
. .
.
, .
,
, .
2. . .
:

0 ; u r r0 , w z z 0 , r' cos , z' sin , 0 / 0 1, 0 r / r0 1,


' / 0 , (sin 0 sin ) / r0 , 0 , 0 ,

H N cos Q sin , V N sin Q cos , ( rV)'rp V 0, ( rH )'N rp H 0 ,


( rM )'M cos rQ 0 , p V p V ( r , , z, , p) , p H p H ( r , , z, , p) ,
h/2

Ni

i d, M i

h/2

h/2

d,
i

(i

, )

h/2

(1)

( a b ); r0 , z 0 ,

0 , 0

, (. . 1);

r , z , , ; 0 , ; ,

h ( h / 2 h / 2 ); ( ; u ,
w , H , V p H , p V ,
x1 x 2 .
;

44

, p V p H
, '
p . .

:

t g11 t g12 t , t g11 t g12 t

. 1

(2)

( ),

g ij ( i, j 1,2 )

.
.
,
. ,
.

, , . . .

:

t T ( )

(3)

( w, , u , V , H , M , , , p )

(1).

.
(3)
, t
. (3) ,
:

* 0 , | | *

, . . (3).
(3),
. ,
(3)

1 b
T wd / ( b a )
h a

(4)

p(t), ,
.
(13) :

|t 0 0

(5)

U a y|a Va , U b y|b Vb

(6)

y ( w , , u, V, H , M ) .

, (6)

, [7]. . Va Vb
( ).
'
3. .
. ,
[9].
(1), (3) (6) , ,
(. . ).
(2) , ,

, :
Va
Vb

, U b y * |
b
p
p

y'* Ay* F , U a y* |a

(7)
45

* (g11 E1 g12 E 2 ) y* , * (g 21 E1 g 22 E 2 ) y*

p (T / i ) i*
i 1

(8)


y* y / p , * / p , *

(9)

/ p , i* i / p

(10)

i .
A F , E 1 , E 2 (7)--(9)
.
.


, (1) . ,
g ij . ,
, ,

F , E1 , E 2 .

(7),

y* , (8) * , * . , (9),
(10) .

()

(11)
(11), (5)
.
- :
-.
,
( i ,

j ):

i a ih1 , h1 ( b a ) / n , i 0,1,..., n ;
j j jh 2 , h 2 h / (2m) , i m,...0,1,..., m ;.
, y

(12)

(7)
: ) -
[10]; . -; ) [11] .
(7). 2-
, sij :

y* () si ,0 si ,1 ( i ) si ,2 ( i ) 2 / 2
[ i 1 , i ] , i 0,1,..., n 1.

(l3)
(13) ,

si 1,0 si ,0 si ,1 h1 si ,2 h12 / 2 , si 1,1 si ,1 si ,2 h1


i 0,1,..., n 1 . , :
U a s0,0 Va / p , U b sn,0 Vb / p
i ( i 0,1,..., n )
si ,1 A|i si ,0 F|i

(14)
(15)

(16)

(1416)

sij ,

( i 0,1,..., n; j 0,1), ( i 0,1,..., n 1; j 2 ),


. (18n 12 ). , (14).
, -

46

s0,0

s0,1

si,2 ( i 0,1,..., n 1 )

i 1

si ,0 s0,0 ih1 s0,1 0.5h12 sk ,0 (2i 2k 1)

(17)

k 1

(17), , .
(17) (15, 16),
:
n 1

U a s0,0 Va / p , U a s0,0 nh1 s0,1 0.5h12 sk ,2 (2n 2k 1) Vb / p


k 1

i 1

A| i s0,0 [ E ih1A| i ]s0,1 h1E 0.5h12 A| 1 (2i 2 k 1) sk ,2 F| i


k 0

E - . 6( n 2) ,
.
, .
4. . . -6.
)
[12] (

) )
[13].
. .
.
, .
[14]. ,

[3(1 )]1/ 4 L m / ( Rh) 1/ 2 25 30

13%
,
( ; L m ; R
; h ; ).
n 10 40 . ,
.
13%
,
2030 . - 13%
m 5 10 (. . 1020
).

. :

0 () 1570796
.
,

r0 () R cos ,

z 0 () R sin ,

p V p cos , p H p sin , R / h 100, 0.3,

0 () R ,

a 0.785400 ,

,
b 1570796
.

s 0.26810 2

E ; 45;

; R ; s
, s .
(. ) .

/ s

0 0 !.0

1,13

1.35

1,46

1,54

1.57

1.63

1,66

/ s

0.0 1.0 1,49

2,24

2,98

3,74

4,48

5,96

7,48

47

. 2. 3. 4

(4). (4)
[15].
(4) (9). . ,
(9) :
1

1 b

p w *d / ( b b )
h a

w* w
/ p

[4] ,
.
, .
, [4] ,
2 1/ 2
2
p p / p * 0.78 ( p * 2E / (3(1 )) (h / R) ,
).
. 2. ,
,
( p 0.92).

, . 2 .
p 0.67, 16% [4]. ,
, , ,
, ,
, .
. 3
(
. 2 1, 2, 3, 4). . 4
( ) ( )
2 4. ,
, .
.
.

.
,
.
.

1. . . . .
, , . 9, 1973.
2. . . , . . .
. . 7- . .
. , 1970.
. Y. . Hayes, Lee L. N. . Inelastic buckling of axisyminetrical shells. Proc. Amer. Soc. Civ. Eng., Eng. Mech.
Div., 1970, v. 96, N 6, 11071124.
4. R. . Emerton, N. F. is. Symmetric Buckling of Inelastic Spherical Shells under External Pressure, Proc.
Amer. Soc. Civ. Eng ., Eng. Mech. Div. 1972, v. 98. N 6. 14171433.
5. . . , . . , . . .
.
. , 1972, N. 5.
.
48

6. . . . .
. , 1972. 5.
7. . Reissner. Alisymmetrical Deformations of Thin Shells of Revolution, Proc. of Symp. In Appl. Math., Ame.
Math. Soc., v. 3. 1950. p. 2752.
8. . . . . . . .
.. 9- . . . ., 1973.
9. . . .. 06 .
, 88, 1953, 4.
10. . . . "
. , 1961, . 16, 3.
11. . , . , . . . .. . 1972.
12. . . . . .
. , . 67, , 1970.
13. S. . Radhamhan, A. V Set1ur, Y. E. Goldberg. Stability of shells by parametric differentiation. Proc. Amcr.
Soc. iv. Eng., J. Struct. Div., 1971, v. 97, N 6.
14. . .
. . . . . , 1964, . 31, 3.
15. . Sunakawa. . Ichida. Buckling of spherical shells under external pressure, J. Jap. Soc. Aeronaut. and Space
Sci., 1973, 21., N 232, 263-270. N 234, 391-393.

49